CN202611769U - Compressed air engine - Google Patents

Compressed air engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202611769U
CN202611769U CN 201220234518 CN201220234518U CN202611769U CN 202611769 U CN202611769 U CN 202611769U CN 201220234518 CN201220234518 CN 201220234518 CN 201220234518 U CN201220234518 U CN 201220234518U CN 202611769 U CN202611769 U CN 202611769U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
commutation valve
mechanical commutation
piston
switching
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220234518
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄德中
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
University of Shaoxing
Original Assignee
University of Shaoxing
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by University of Shaoxing filed Critical University of Shaoxing
Priority to CN 201220234518 priority Critical patent/CN202611769U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202611769U publication Critical patent/CN202611769U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a compressed air engine which comprises a compressed air bottle, a mechanical reversing valve and at least a first cylinder and a second cylinder, wherein the compressed air bottle is communicated with an air inlet of the mechanical reversing valve through a pipeline, the first cylinder is communicated with a first reversing interface of the mechanical reversing valve through a pipeline, a connecting rod of a piston A of the first cylinder is in drive connection with a first crank of a crankshaft, the second cylinder is communicated with a second reversing interface of the mechanical reversing valve through a pipeline, a connecting rod of the piston A of the second cylinder is in drive connection with a second crank of the crankshaft, one end of the crankshaft is provided with a flywheel, the other end of the crankshaft is provided with a cam, and the cam is provided with a push rod for controlling the mechanical reversing valve to reverse. The utility model provides a compressed air engine which can transform the pressure of high-pressure gas into rotational kinetic energy, and is simple in structure, reliable in operation, long in service life and little in environmental pollution.

Description

A kind of compressed air engine
Technical field
The utility model relates to motor, especially a kind of compressed air engine.
Background technique
At present, automobile is more and more, and the discharging of fossil fuel automobile is increasing to the pollution of environment, and electric vehicle does not pollute environment, but battery weight is big, and the life-span is short, and production and treatment of battery also can have pollution to environment.The critical piece of automobile is a motor, and compressed air engine has long, advantage such as environmental pollution is little of life-span, so replace the fossil fuel motor to have the meaning of particular importance with compressed air engine.
The model utility content
The purpose of the utility model is: a kind of compressed air engine is provided, can the pressure of pressurized gas can be converted into the kinetic energy of rotation, simple in structure, reliable, the life-span is long, and environmental pollution is little.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the utility model can be taked following technical proposals:
A kind of compressed air engine of the utility model; Comprise compressed air bottle; Mechanical commutation valve and first, second two cylinders at least, said compressed air bottle is communicated with the suction port of mechanical commutation valve through pipeline; Said first cylinder is communicated with the first switching-over interface of said mechanical commutation valve through pipeline and its piston A connecting rod is connected with first crank drive of bent axle; Said second cylinder is communicated with the second switching-over interface of said mechanical commutation valve through pipeline and its piston A ' connecting rod is connected with second crank drive of said bent axle, and an end of said bent axle is provided with flywheel, and the other end is provided with cam; This cam is provided with the push rod that is used to control said mechanical commutation valve switching-over
Pressurized gas in the compressed air bottle flow into the mechanical commutation valve through the suction port of mechanical commutation valve, get into first cylinder through the first switching-over interface, and the piston A that promotes first cylinder is descending; The driving bent axle rotates; It is up that bent axle drives piston A ', and cam makes the switching-over of mechanical commutation valve through push rod, and piston A ' is discharged to the second switching-over interface of the gas in second cylinder through the mechanical commutation valve in the atmosphere; Said flywheel plays energy storage and all speed effects
When piston A went downwards to lower dead center, piston A ' was up to top dead center, and cam 9 makes the switching-over of mechanical commutation valve through push rod; Pressurized gas in the compressed air bottle are gone into second cylinder through the mechanical commutation valve flow, and it is descending to promote piston A ', drive bent axle and rotate; It is up that bent axle drives piston A; Cam makes the switching-over of mechanical commutation valve through push rod, and piston A is discharged to the first switching-over interface of the gas in first cylinder through the mechanical commutation valve in the atmosphere, accomplishes a work cycle.
Be provided with four cylinders, or six cylinders, or eight cylinders, the switching-over interface quantity of said mechanical commutation valve is corresponding with the quantity of cylinder.
Said cylinder is a linear array, or V-type is arranged.
Compared with prior art the beneficial effect of the utility model is: owing to adopt technique scheme, compressed air bottle is communicated with the suction port of mechanical commutation valve through pipeline, and said first cylinder is communicated with the first switching-over interface of said mechanical commutation valve through pipeline and the connecting rod of its piston A is connected with first crank drive of bent axle; Said second cylinder is communicated with the second switching-over interface of said mechanical commutation valve through pipeline and the connecting rod of its piston A ' is connected with second crank drive of said bent axle, and an end of said bent axle is provided with flywheel, and the other end is provided with cam; This cam is provided with the push rod that is used to control said mechanical commutation valve switching-over, this structure, and the pressurized gas in the compressed air bottle can flow into the mechanical commutation valve through the suction port of mechanical commutation valve; Get into first cylinder through the first switching-over interface, the piston A that promotes first cylinder is descending, drives bent axle and rotates; It is up that bent axle drives piston A '; Cam makes the switching-over of mechanical commutation valve through push rod, and piston A ' is discharged to the second switching-over interface of the gas in second cylinder through the mechanical commutation valve in the atmosphere, and said flywheel plays energy storage and all speed effects; When piston A goes downwards to lower dead center; Piston A ' is up to top dead center, and cam 9 makes the switching-over of mechanical commutation valve through push rod, and the pressurized gas in the compressed air bottle are gone into second cylinder through the mechanical commutation valve flow; It is descending to promote piston A '; The driving bent axle rotates, and it is up that bent axle drives piston A, and cam makes the switching-over of mechanical commutation valve through push rod; Piston A is discharged to the first switching-over interface of the gas in first cylinder through the mechanical commutation valve in the atmosphere, accomplishes a work cycle.So move in circles, realize rotating output power continuously by the compressible drive bent axle.The utility model only needs simple several parts, can realize that just substituting fossil fuel with pressurized air provides power to motor, and simple in structure, reliable, the life-span is long, and environmental pollution is little.Compressed air bottle is changed quick and easy in use, is convenient to promote.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of compressed air engine of the utility model comprises compressed air bottle 1; Mechanical commutation valve 2, the first cylinders 3 and the second two cylinders 4, said compressed air bottle 1 is communicated with the suction port of mechanical commutation valve 2 through pipeline; Said first cylinder 3 is communicated with the first switching-over interface of said mechanical commutation valve 2 through pipeline and its piston A5 connecting rod is connected with first crank drive of bent axle 8, and said second cylinder 4 is communicated with the second switching-over interface of said mechanical commutation valve 2 through pipeline and its piston A ' 6 connecting rods are connected with second crank drive of said bent axle 8, operates steadily for making bent axle 8; End at said bent axle 8 is provided with flywheel 7, and this flywheel 7 can also play the effect of energy storage, is provided with cam 9 at the other end of bent axle 8; This cam 9 is provided with the push rod 10 that is used to control said mechanical commutation valve 2 switching-overs; Said push rod 10 is provided with stage clip, and cam 9 drives on the push rod 10 and moves from the rotation of wheel rim minimum point; Cam 9 rotates from the wheel rim peak; Push rod 10 moves down under the stage clip effect, and push rod 10 moves up and down with the rotation of cam 9, controls mechanical selector valve 2 switching-overs.
The working procedure of the utility model: the pressurized gas in the compressed air bottle 1 flow into mechanical commutation valve 2 through the suction port of mechanical commutation valve 2; Get into first cylinder 3 through the first switching-over interface; The piston A5 that promotes first cylinder 3 is descending, drives bent axle 8 and rotates, and it is up that bent axle 8 drives piston A ' 6; Cam 9 makes 2 switching-overs of mechanical commutation valve through push rod 10, and piston A ' 6 is discharged to the second switching-over interface of the gas in second cylinder 4 through mechanical commutation valve 2 in the atmosphere; When piston A5 went downwards to lower dead center, piston A ' 6 was up to top dead center, and cam 9 makes 2 switching-overs of mechanical commutation valve through push rod 10; Pressurized gas in the compressed air bottle 1 flow into second cylinder 4 through mechanical commutation valve 2, and it is descending to promote piston A ' 6, drive bent axle 8 and rotate; It is up that bent axle 8 drives piston A5; Cam 9 makes 2 switching-overs of mechanical commutation valve through push rod 10, and piston A5 is discharged to the first switching-over interface of the gas in first cylinder 3 through mechanical commutation valve 2 in the atmosphere, accomplishes a work cycle.
As preferably, said cylinder can be provided with four, and the switching-over interface quantity of said mechanical commutation valve 2 is corresponding with the quantity of cylinder, is four also, and said four cylinder linear array also can V-type be arranged.

Claims (3)

1. compressed air engine; Comprise compressed air bottle (1); Mechanical commutation valve (2); At least first, second two cylinders (3,4), said compressed air bottle (1) is communicated with the suction port of mechanical commutation valve (2) through pipeline; It is characterized in that: said first cylinder (3) is communicated with the first switching-over interface of said mechanical commutation valve (2) through pipeline and its piston A (5) connecting rod is connected with first crank drive of bent axle (8); Said second cylinder (4) is communicated with the second switching-over interface of said mechanical commutation valve (2) through pipeline and its piston A ' (6) connecting rod is connected with second crank drive of said bent axle (8), and an end of said bent axle (8) is provided with flywheel (7), and the other end is provided with cam (9); This cam (9) is provided with the push rod (10) that is used to control said mechanical commutation valve (2) switching-over
Pressurized gas in the compressed air bottle (1) flow into mechanical commutation valve (2) through the suction port of mechanical commutation valve (2); Get into first cylinder (3) through the first switching-over interface; The piston A (5) that promotes first cylinder (3) is descending, drives bent axle (8) and rotates, and it is up that bent axle (8) drives piston A ' (6); Cam (9) makes mechanical commutation valve (2) switching-over through push rod (10); Piston A ' (6) is discharged to the second switching-over interface of the gas in second cylinder (4) through mechanical commutation valve (2) in the atmosphere, and said flywheel (7) plays energy storage and all speed effects
As piston A (5) when going downwards to lower dead center; Piston A ' (6) is up to top dead center, and cam 9 makes mechanical commutation valve (2) switching-over through push rod (10), and the pressurized gas in the compressed air bottle (1) flow into second cylinder (4) through mechanical commutation valve (2); It is descending to promote piston A ' (6); Drive bent axle (8) and rotate, it is up that bent axle (8) drives piston A (5), and cam (9) makes mechanical commutation valve (2) switching-over through push rod (10); Piston A (5) is discharged to the first switching-over interface of the gas in first cylinder (3) through mechanical commutation valve (2) in the atmosphere, accomplishes a work cycle.
2. compressed air engine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with four cylinders, or six cylinders, or eight cylinders, the switching-over interface quantity of said mechanical commutation valve (2) is corresponding with the quantity of cylinder.
3. compressed air engine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: said cylinder is a linear array, or V-type is arranged.
CN 201220234518 2012-05-24 2012-05-24 Compressed air engine Expired - Fee Related CN202611769U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220234518 CN202611769U (en) 2012-05-24 2012-05-24 Compressed air engine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220234518 CN202611769U (en) 2012-05-24 2012-05-24 Compressed air engine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202611769U true CN202611769U (en) 2012-12-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220234518 Expired - Fee Related CN202611769U (en) 2012-05-24 2012-05-24 Compressed air engine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202611769U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102650217A (en) * 2012-05-24 2012-08-29 绍兴文理学院 Compressed air engine
CN104895613A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-09-09 康柱 Air-powered engine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102650217A (en) * 2012-05-24 2012-08-29 绍兴文理学院 Compressed air engine
CN104895613A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-09-09 康柱 Air-powered engine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121219

Termination date: 20150524

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model