CN202602348U - Wind and light complementary wind energy generator charging controller - Google Patents

Wind and light complementary wind energy generator charging controller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202602348U
CN202602348U CN 201220225143 CN201220225143U CN202602348U CN 202602348 U CN202602348 U CN 202602348U CN 201220225143 CN201220225143 CN 201220225143 CN 201220225143 U CN201220225143 U CN 201220225143U CN 202602348 U CN202602348 U CN 202602348U
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China
Prior art keywords
wind
wind energy
relay
energy generator
storage power
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220225143
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐宁
翁伟
洪增辉
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徐宁
翁伟
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Priority to CN 201220225143 priority Critical patent/CN202602348U/en
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Publication of CN202602348U publication Critical patent/CN202602348U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/80Technologies aiming to reduce greenhouse gasses emissions common to all road transportation technologies
    • Y02T10/92Energy efficient charging or discharging systems for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors specially adapted for vehicles

Abstract

The utility model discloses a wind and light complementary wind energy generator charging controller of a circuit design based on full-wave voltage multiplying rectification and half-wave rectification. The controller comprises a wind energy generator, an accumulator power supply and a charging controller, wherein the positive electrode input terminal of the accumulator power supply is connected with a current detector; the output terminal of the current detector is connected to the input terminal of a microcontroller; two relays in the circuit, through the control of the microcontroller, can enable the circuit to work in a full-wave voltage multiplying rectification mode or in a half-wave rectification mode. As a result, the wind and light complementary wind energy generator charging controller is realized. According to the wind and light complementary wind energy charging controller, the low wind speed starting of the wind energy generator is realized, the conversion efficiency of electricity generation and charging of the wind energy generator is improved, the charging protection of the accumulator is realized, and the structure is simple. The system of the charging controller has a relatively high stability. Relative sealing of the controller structure can be easily realized with no heat dissipation of an air blower being needed, and thus the wind and light complementary wind energy generator charging controller can be used in areas with a relatively high acid-base requirement, such as costal areas.

Description

A kind of wind light mutual complementing wind-driven generator charge controller
Technical field
The utility model relate to a kind of through wind-driven generator and solar panel to the device that condenser charges, relate in particular to a kind of wind light mutual complementing wind-driven generator charge controller.
Background technology
Solar energy and wind energy all clean, and inexhaustible regenerative resource resource can not pollute yet, and wideling popularize and utilize solar energy, wind energy power technology and product is a kind of long-range, economic environmental protection investments.Wind-driven generator is popularized in a lot of fields at present; Advanced is to adopt DC-DC maximum power adaption converter controller; The three-phase output end that is about to wind-driven generator connects the input of a diode and the output of another diode respectively, and a diode output of three-phase is connected in parallel on the positive pole of storage power, and another diode input of three-phase is connected in parallel on the negative pole of storage power; And maximum power adaption converter 16 in parallel connection on the both positive and negative polarity of storage power; This kind charge controller only could convert wind energy to electric energy preferably under the situation of wind energy than abundance, whole cost is higher, and coalignment work itself has higher energy consumption; The facility that dispels the heat preferably need be arranged, and stability is lower.
Summary of the invention
The problem that the utility model will solve provides a kind of circuit design based on full wave and voltage doubling rectification and halfwave rectifier; Can realize that wind-driven generator has advantages of higher stability, do not needing under the situation of fan heat radiation in low wind speed startup, raising wind-driven generator generating-charging conversion efficiency, battery charge protection, system simple in structure; Realize that easily controller architecture seals relatively, the wind light mutual complementing wind-driven generator charge controller that can use in coastal place of waiting soda acid to have relatively high expectations.
For realizing foregoing, the utility model designs as follows:
The three-phase output end of wind-driven generator connects the input of a diode and the output of another diode respectively; A diode output of three-phase is connected in parallel on the positive pole of storage power; Another diode input of three-phase is connected in parallel on the negative pole of storage power; One end of two electric capacity of another output parallel connection of described wind-driven generator; The first electric capacity two ends are connected on the positive pole and negative pole of storage power, and itself and storage power negative lead road are provided with second relay, and a passage of first electric capacity and second relay is formed half-wave rectifying circuit; The second electric capacity other end is connected on the negative pole of storage power, and it becomes full-wave voltage doubler with another passage and first capacitance group of second relay, on second electric capacity and the second relay connection line, is provided with first relay.
The current detector of also connecting on the anodal connection line with first electric capacity of described storage power, the output of current detector is connected to the input of a microcontroller.
The utility model adopts above technical scheme; Design through full wave and voltage doubling rectification and half-wave rectifying circuit; Current detector converts information simulation amounts such as wind energy and battery tension and charging current to high-low level and feeds back to microcontroller, and microcontroller is controlled corresponding relay work again.When wind-force was sufficient, relay worked in full wave and voltage doubling rectification and voltage multiplier pattern, improved wind-driven generator generating-charging conversion efficiency; When accumulator electric-quantity when saturated, relay works in the halfwave rectifier pattern, reduces charging current, voltage, and storage battery is played a protective role; Current detector detects charging current above the specified charging current of storage power when wind-force is bigger, and relay switches to the halfwave rectifier pattern, is lower than set point up to electric current and recovers full wave and voltage doubling rectification pattern again, prolongs the cycle life of storage power.And the utility model not by high-power inductance, organize the DC-DC power match conversion portion that the microcontroller of high-power switch tube and complex algorithm constitutes more, cost advantage is preferably arranged.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a maximum power coupling charge controller basic circuit;
Fig. 2 is the basic circuit of the utility model wind light mutual complementing wind-driven generator charge controller.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 2; The wind light mutual complementing wind-driven generator charge controller of the utility model; The three-phase output end 1,2 and 3 of wind-driven generator V1 is connected the input 5,6 and 7 and the output 5,6 and 7 of another diode of a diode respectively; A diode output 8 of three-phase is connected in parallel on the positive pole 13 of storage power V2; Another diode input 11 of three-phase is connected in parallel on the negative pole 12 of storage power V2, and another output 4 parallel connection two capacitor C 1 of wind-driven generator V1 are connected on the positive pole 13 and negative pole 12 of storage power V2 with C2 one end 9, the first capacitor C, 1 two ends 8 and 9; Itself and storage power V2 negative pole 12 connection lines are provided with a passage of second relay K, 2, the first capacitor C 1 and second relay K 2 and form half-wave rectifying circuit; Second capacitor C, 2 other ends 10 are connected on the negative pole 12 of storage power V2; Another passage of second capacitor C 2 and second relay K 1 and first capacitor C 1 are formed full-wave voltage doubler, on second capacitor C 2 and second relay K, 2 connection lines, are provided with first relay K 1.The current detector 14 of also connecting on the connection line of storage power V2 anodal 13 and first capacitor C 1, the output of described current detector 14 is connected to the input of a microcontroller 15.
As shown in Figure 2; The utility model operation principle is: select for use generator rated voltage and the crimping of storage power full charging near, because large-capacity battery has lower internal resistance and wind-driven generator internal resistance to compare greatly, when generator charges to storage source; Through the one-level voltage-multiplying circuit; The wind-driven generator output voltage is clamped near a half voltage of floating voltage, near the best power match point, improves wind-driven generator generating-charging transfer ratio.Cooperate switching through two relay K 1 with K2, the selection of control full wave and voltage doubling rectification and halfwave rectifier.Second relay K 2 is used to switch multiplication of voltage or halfwave rectifier pattern, and first relay K 1 is used to avoid 2 pairs second capacitor C 2 direct short-circuits of second relay K.Its control principle is: comparator 15 converts information simulation amounts such as wind energy and battery tension and charging current to high-low level and feeds back to microcontroller 14, and microcontroller 14 is controlled corresponding relay operation again.
Illustrate its operation principle according to above execution mode: give tacit consent to second relay K 2 and switch in the halfwave rectifier pattern, first relay K 1 not with second capacitor C, 2 closures, when generator V1 starts output not band carry; Generator V1 is started when hanging down wind speed easily, and after generator V1 smooth operation, comparator 15 detects generator output voltages and also feeds back to microcontroller 14; If reach voltage is set; Promptly represent wind-force sufficient, microcontroller 14 controls second relay K 2 switches to the multiplication of voltage pattern earlier, and first relay K 1 connects second capacitor C 2 afterwards; Work multiplication of voltage pattern improves wind-driven generator generating-charging conversion efficiency.When storage power V2 electric weight when saturated, second relay K 2 switches to the halfwave rectifier pattern, first relay K 1 and 2 disconnections of second capacitor C work in the halfwave rectifier pattern afterwards.Comparator detects charging current above the specified charging current of storage power when wind-force is bigger; Microcontroller 14 controls first relay K 1 is broken off and being connected with second capacitor C 2; Second relay K 2 switches to the halfwave rectifier pattern, is lower than set point up to electric current and recovers the multiplication of voltage pattern again.Multiple multiplication of voltage pattern.

Claims (2)

1. wind light mutual complementing wind-driven generator charge controller; The three-phase output end of wind-driven generator connects the input of a diode and the output of another diode respectively; A diode output of three-phase is connected in parallel on the positive pole of storage power; Another diode input of three-phase is connected in parallel on the negative pole of storage power, it is characterized in that: an end of two electric capacity of another output parallel connection of described wind-driven generator, and the first electric capacity two ends are connected on the positive pole and negative pole of storage power; Itself and storage power negative lead road are provided with second relay, and a passage of first electric capacity and second relay is formed half-wave rectifying circuit; The second electric capacity other end is connected on the negative pole of storage power, and it becomes full-wave voltage doubler with another passage and first capacitance group of second relay, on second electric capacity and the second relay connection line, is provided with first relay.
2. a kind of wind light mutual complementing wind-driven generator charge controller according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the current detector of also connecting on the anodal connection line with first electric capacity of described storage power, the output of current detector is connected to the input of a microcontroller.
CN 201220225143 2012-05-18 2012-05-18 Wind and light complementary wind energy generator charging controller Expired - Fee Related CN202602348U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220225143 CN202602348U (en) 2012-05-18 2012-05-18 Wind and light complementary wind energy generator charging controller

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220225143 CN202602348U (en) 2012-05-18 2012-05-18 Wind and light complementary wind energy generator charging controller

Publications (1)

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CN202602348U true CN202602348U (en) 2012-12-12

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103986345A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-08-13 上海汇波智能控制设备有限公司 Single-phase/three-phase full-voltage power adapter
CN104319836A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-28 许继电气股份有限公司 Intelligent power distribution method and intelligent power distribution cabinet for implementing method
CN104467490A (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-03-25 深圳市海洋王照明工程有限公司 Automatic switching circuit for double voltage rectification and half-wave rectification
CN104883775A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-09-02 彭云 Induction lamp and corresponding switch
CN110168908A (en) * 2016-12-27 2019-08-23 株式会社开道 Three-phase/single phase alternating current power supply corresponds to type electrical hoist
CN110417284A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-11-05 清能德创电气技术(北京)有限公司 A kind of servo-driver of compatible electrical source of power input

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104467490A (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-03-25 深圳市海洋王照明工程有限公司 Automatic switching circuit for double voltage rectification and half-wave rectification
CN104467490B (en) * 2013-09-18 2018-07-27 深圳市海洋王照明工程有限公司 The automatic switch-over circuit of voltage multiplying rectifier and halfwave rectifier
CN103986345A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-08-13 上海汇波智能控制设备有限公司 Single-phase/three-phase full-voltage power adapter
CN104319836A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-28 许继电气股份有限公司 Intelligent power distribution method and intelligent power distribution cabinet for implementing method
CN104319836B (en) * 2014-10-16 2017-02-15 许继电气股份有限公司 Intelligent power distribution method and intelligent power distribution cabinet for implementing method
CN104883775A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-09-02 彭云 Induction lamp and corresponding switch
CN110168908A (en) * 2016-12-27 2019-08-23 株式会社开道 Three-phase/single phase alternating current power supply corresponds to type electrical hoist
CN110168908B (en) * 2016-12-27 2021-05-11 株式会社开道 Three-phase/single-phase AC power supply corresponding type electric hoist
CN110417284A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-11-05 清能德创电气技术(北京)有限公司 A kind of servo-driver of compatible electrical source of power input

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Granted publication date: 20121212

Termination date: 20140518