CN202565531U - Intelligent light controlling system - Google Patents

Intelligent light controlling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202565531U
CN202565531U CN2012201949104U CN201220194910U CN202565531U CN 202565531 U CN202565531 U CN 202565531U CN 2012201949104 U CN2012201949104 U CN 2012201949104U CN 201220194910 U CN201220194910 U CN 201220194910U CN 202565531 U CN202565531 U CN 202565531U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
diode
resistance
chip microcomputer
stc
links
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012201949104U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵亮
鲁云
陈晓东
冯杨思进
杨旸
刘星
许林
李长青
李宗伟
黄敏
黄奕欣
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FENG YANG SIJIN
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FENG YANG SIJIN
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Priority to CN2012201949104U priority Critical patent/CN202565531U/en
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Publication of CN202565531U publication Critical patent/CN202565531U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/40Control techniques providing energy savings, e.g. smart controller or presence detection

Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligent light controlling system. The system comprises an STC single-chip microcomputer, a stabilized power supply, a zero-crossing detection circuit, a human body infrared pyroelectric sensor module, a visible light illumination sensor module, a serial port debugging module, and an illuminating lamp drive circuit, wherein the stabilized power supply, the zero-crossing detection circuit, the human body infrared pyroelectric sensor module, the visible light illumination sensor module, the serial port debugging module, and the illuminating lamp drive circuit are all connected with the STC single-chip microcomputer. According to the utility model, data acquired by the human body infrared pyroelectric sensor and the visible light illumination sensor are processed by the single-chip microcomputer, and then corresponding signals are sent to the illuminating lamp drive circuit, thereby controlling ON/OFF and the brightness of an illuminating lamp; and the system is characterized by high power supply efficiency, free of residence disturbance, and stable power supply, which is suitable for popularization and application.

Description

A kind of intelligent light control system
Technical field
The utility model relates to power electronics control technology field, specifically, relates to a kind of intelligent light control system.
Background technology
Along with the develop rapidly of current social economy, the waste of the electric consumption on lighting in places such as large-scale underground parking, communal bathroom, corridor is very obvious.
Consider energy-conservation, reduce discharging, intelligence and practical requirement, incandescent lamp is progressively eliminated by market, fluorescent lamp, LED lamp and energy-conservation tungsten halogen lamp become the three big main flows in present lighting market.Fluorescent lamp be current alternative ordinary incandescent lamp main also be the maximum illuminating lamp of quantity, can practice thrift nearly 80% electric energy though it is compared with common incandescent lamp, it costs an arm and a leg; Volume is bigger; Light-emitting area is bigger, and spectrum is discontinuous, can not accomplish 100% color rendering.Fluorescent lamp contains mercury, fluorescent material and a large amount of electronic devices and components simultaneously, also can bring immeasurable burden to environment after discarding.Recently the development of LED lamp is very fast; But its cost is higher relatively; And also can't accomplish continuous spectrum technically, still can't match in excellence or beauty aspect color rendering, the colour consistency, so still have a segment distance from extensive popularizing with energy-conservation tungsten halogen lamp like black body radiation.Energy-conservation tungsten halogen lamp is still incandescent lamp in essence; It is simple in structure, and is cheap, environmental sound; The ability on-line operation is under line voltage; Instantaneous starting, moment can reach maximum optical output, with common incandescent lamp mutually specific energy practice thrift nearly 30% electric energy; Energy-conservation tungsten halogen lamp still has incomparable superiority because it is similar to the concentrated luminous element of point-source of light, the continuous spectrum that is close to black body radiation, 100% color rendering, the soft coloured light of 3000K left and right sides colour temperature, no stroboscopic etc. in a lot of higher places of illumination quality requirement.
Consider above factor, inventing a kind of precision to energy-conservation tungsten halogen lamp design intelligent lighting control system high, that lighting control system is sensitive, the light regulating effect is good is trend of the times.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of intelligent light control system, solves the not high enough problem of sensitivity, accuracy, practicality of the existing lighting control system that exists in the prior art.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme of the utility model employing is following:
A kind of intelligent light control system comprises the STC single-chip microcomputer, the stabilized voltage power supply that all links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer, zero cross detection circuit, human body infrared thermal releasing sensor assembly, visible light luminous intensity sensor module, AccessPort module and illuminating lamp drive circuit.
Specifically; Said zero cross detection circuit comprises diode D1 parallel with one another and diode D2; The triode Q1 that base stage and diode D1 link to each other with diode D2 output; The collector electrode of said triode Q1 links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer, and also is connected with pull-up resistor R4 between the collector electrode of this triode Q1 and STC single-chip microcomputer.
Further; Said zero cross detection circuit also comprises the resistance R 2 between the base stage of the output that is connected in diode D1 and diode D2 and triode Q1; One end is connected between the input of output and resistance R 2 of diode D1 and diode D2; Resistance R 1, one end of other end ground connection is connected between the base stage of output and triode Q1 of resistance R 2, the resistance R 3 of other end ground connection and capacitor C 1.
Specifically, said human body infrared thermal releasing sensor assembly comprises human body infrared thermal releasing transducer, and with the signal processor that human body infrared thermal releasing transducer links to each other, said signal processor links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer.
Further; Said visible light luminous intensity sensor module comprises photoelectric integrated sensor, and the diode D4 that links to each other with photoelectric integrated sensor, an end are connected between photoelectric integrated sensor and the diode D4; The resistance R 5 and the diode D3 of other end ground connection; One end is connected in the output of diode D4, the capacitor C 2 and the resistance R 6 of other end ground connection, and the output of said diode D4 links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer.
Further, said illuminating lamp drive circuit comprises the bi-directional light electric coupling, and through the bidirectional thyristor that surge absorbing circuit links to each other with the bi-directional light electric coupling, said bi-directional light electric coupling links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer.
Again further; Said surge absorbing circuit is by the resistance R 8 and resistance R 9 that are connected between bi-directional light electric coupling and the bidirectional thyristor and connect each other; And one end be connected between resistance R 8 and the resistance R 9, the other end is connected in the capacitor C 3 of bidirectional thyristor output and forms.
And the input of said bi-directional light electric coupling also is connected with triode Q2, and said triode Q2 links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer through resistance R 7.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:
1. the utility model intelligent lighting control system of combining each circuit and module to form through the STC single-chip microcomputer has the characteristics of low, the stable and high-intelligentization of cost, to improve power consumption efficiency, energy-conserving and environment-protective have very great help, have a extensive future.
2. the utility model is a background with energy-saving and emission-reduction, selects for use energy-conservation tungsten halogen lamp as illuminating lamp, is primarily aimed at the numerous public places electric consumption on lighting serious phenomenon of waste and designs, and can reach good illumination, also can reach effect in energy saving and environmental protection.
3. the utility model had both been eliminated the problem that disturbs residents of traditional acoustic control lamp; Solved again with the switch of control illuminating lamp and the problem that the energy is saved in brightness; Through experimental verification; This system bulk is little, working stability, malfuncton probability is extremely low, automaticity is high, is a kind of intelligent lamp control system with higher use value.
4. the utility model adopts the conventional electrical components and parts, and cost performance is high, is prone to install, and is convenient to dismounting, helps large-scale promotion application.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the system block diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the circuit theory diagrams of the utility model zero cross detection circuit.
Fig. 3 is the circuit theory diagrams of the utility model human body infrared thermal releasing sensor assembly.
Fig. 4 is the circuit theory diagrams of the utility model visible light luminous intensity sensor module.
Fig. 5 is the circuit theory diagrams of the utility model illuminating lamp drive circuit.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is described further, the execution mode of the utility model includes but not limited to the following example.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1; A kind of intelligent light control system; Comprise the STC single-chip microcomputer, the stabilized voltage power supply that all links to each other, zero cross detection circuit, human body infrared thermal releasing sensor assembly, visible light luminous intensity sensor module, AccessPort module and illuminating lamp drive circuit with the STC single-chip microcomputer.As preferably, we select the 5V DC power supply as stabilized voltage power supply, select the STC12C5A60S2AD series monolithic as the STC single-chip microcomputer, and use the minimum system of this single-chip microcomputer to make the entire circuit operate as normal.
As shown in Figure 2; Said zero cross detection circuit comprises diode D1 parallel with one another and diode D2; The triode Q1 that base stage and diode D1 link to each other with diode D2 output; The collector electrode of said triode Q1 links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer, and also is connected with pull-up resistor R4 between the collector electrode of this triode Q1 and STC single-chip microcomputer.
Further; Said zero cross detection circuit also comprises the resistance R 2 between the base stage of the output that is connected in diode D1 and diode D2 and triode Q1; One end is connected between the input of output and resistance R 2 of diode D1 and diode D2; Resistance R 1, one end of other end ground connection is connected between the base stage of output and triode Q1 of resistance R 2, the resistance R 3 of other end ground connection and capacitor C 1.
As shown in Figure 3, said human body infrared thermal releasing sensor assembly comprises human body infrared thermal releasing transducer, and with the signal processor that human body infrared thermal releasing transducer links to each other, said signal processor links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer.As preferably, we select HC-SR501 as human body infrared thermal releasing transducer, and BISS0001 is as signal processor.
As shown in Figure 4; Said visible light luminous intensity sensor module comprises photoelectric integrated sensor, and the diode D4 that links to each other with photoelectric integrated sensor, an end are connected between photoelectric integrated sensor and the diode D4; The resistance R 5 and the diode D3 of other end ground connection; One end is connected in the output of diode D4, the capacitor C 2 and the resistance R 6 of other end ground connection, and the output of said diode D4 links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer.As preferably, we select ON9658 as photoelectric integrated sensor.
As shown in Figure 5, said illuminating lamp drive circuit comprises the bi-directional light electric coupling, and through the bidirectional thyristor that surge absorbing circuit links to each other with the bi-directional light electric coupling, said bi-directional light electric coupling links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer.As preferably, we select MOC3021 as the bi-directional light electric coupling, select BT136 as bidirectional thyristor.
Further; Said surge absorbing circuit is by the resistance R 8 and resistance R 9 that are connected between bi-directional light electric coupling and the bidirectional thyristor and connect each other; And one end be connected between resistance R 8 and the resistance R 9, the other end is connected in the capacitor C 3 of bidirectional thyristor output and forms.
And the input of said bi-directional light electric coupling also is connected with triode Q2, and said triode Q2 links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer through resistance R 7.
We select to adopt the RS-232 serial communication AccessPort module.
The course of work of the utility model is following:
This intelligent light control system is a core with the STC single-chip microcomputer, through human body infrared thermal releasing transducer and visible light illuminance transducer composing environment detection system, constitutes the illuminating lamp drive circuit with bi-directional light electric coupling and bidirectional thyristor.Whether human body infrared thermal releasing transducer has the signal transition of people's process to become voltage signal to send the STC single-chip microcomputer to detected; The A/D converter that the utilization of STC single-chip microcomputer carries is transformed into digital signal with this voltage signal, and this digital signal is controlled the switch of lamp through the illuminating lamp drive circuit.The visible light illuminance transducer is transformed into voltage signal with detected current environment illumination intensity signal and sends the STC single-chip microcomputer to; The A/D converter that the utilization of STC single-chip microcomputer carries is transformed into digital signal with this voltage signal; If human body infrared thermal releasing sensor is to there being the people to pass through; Then control the brightness of lamp through the illuminating lamp drive circuit, and a little less than the current environment illumination more, lamp is bright more with this digital signal; Otherwise lamp is in closed condition.Convenient for the systems soft ware debugging, also be provided with the AccessPort module, do not need in the actual product.
On the basis of foregoing circuit; Present embodiment also is connected with the part auxiliary element; Be used to guarantee the normal operation of circuit or chip, as being the resistance that guarantees human body infrared thermal releasing transducer and signal processor operate as normal, electric capacity, slide rheostat etc., the use of these auxiliary elements; Belong to the general circuit application custom of industry, repeat no more at this.
According to the foregoing description, just can realize the utility model well.

Claims (8)

1. intelligent light control system; It is characterized in that; Comprise the STC single-chip microcomputer, the stabilized voltage power supply that all links to each other, zero cross detection circuit, human body infrared thermal releasing sensor assembly, visible light luminous intensity sensor module, AccessPort module and illuminating lamp drive circuit with the STC single-chip microcomputer.
2. a kind of intelligent light control system according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said zero cross detection circuit comprises diode D1 parallel with one another and diode D2; The triode Q1 that base stage and diode D1 link to each other with diode D2 output, the collector electrode of said triode Q1 links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer, and also is connected with pull-up resistor R4 between the collector electrode of this triode Q1 and STC single-chip microcomputer.
3. a kind of intelligent light control system according to claim 2; It is characterized in that; Said zero cross detection circuit comprises that also resistance R 2, one ends between the base stage of the output that is connected in diode D1 and diode D2 and triode Q1 are connected between the input of output and resistance R 2 of diode D1 and diode D2 the resistance R 1 of other end ground connection; One end is connected between the base stage of output and triode Q1 of resistance R 2, the resistance R 3 of other end ground connection and capacitor C 1.
4. a kind of intelligent light control system according to claim 3; It is characterized in that; Said human body infrared thermal releasing sensor assembly comprises human body infrared thermal releasing transducer, and with the signal processor that human body infrared thermal releasing transducer links to each other, said signal processor links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer.
5. a kind of intelligent light control system according to claim 4 is characterized in that, said visible light luminous intensity sensor module comprises photoelectric integrated sensor; The diode D4 that links to each other with photoelectric integrated sensor; One end is connected between photoelectric integrated sensor and the diode D4, the resistance R 5 and the diode D3 of other end ground connection, and an end is connected in the output of diode D4; The capacitor C 2 and the resistance R 6 of other end ground connection, the output of said diode D4 links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer.
6. a kind of intelligent light control system according to claim 5; It is characterized in that; Said illuminating lamp drive circuit comprises the bi-directional light electric coupling, and through the bidirectional thyristor that surge absorbing circuit links to each other with the bi-directional light electric coupling, said bi-directional light electric coupling links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer.
7. a kind of intelligent light control system according to claim 6; It is characterized in that; Said surge absorbing circuit is by the resistance R 8 and resistance R 9 that are connected between bi-directional light electric coupling and the bidirectional thyristor and connect each other; And one end be connected between resistance R 8 and the resistance R 9, the other end is connected in the capacitor C 3 of bidirectional thyristor output and forms.
8. a kind of intelligent light control system according to claim 7 is characterized in that the input of said bi-directional light electric coupling also is connected with triode Q2, and said triode Q2 links to each other with the STC single-chip microcomputer through resistance R 7.
CN2012201949104U 2012-05-03 2012-05-03 Intelligent light controlling system Expired - Fee Related CN202565531U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201949104U CN202565531U (en) 2012-05-03 2012-05-03 Intelligent light controlling system

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105338686A (en) * 2014-08-09 2016-02-17 绿仕环保科技(上海)有限公司 High-reliability intelligent switch device
CN106061053A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-10-26 哈尔滨工程大学 Underwater robot illumination control system
CN106714370A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-24 合肥艾斯克光电科技有限责任公司 Full-color light-emitting diode (LED) nightscape lamp control system for landscape illumination
CN106922068A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-07-04 重庆大学 Advertising lighting regulating system and method based on railway tunnel Piston Action Wind

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105338686A (en) * 2014-08-09 2016-02-17 绿仕环保科技(上海)有限公司 High-reliability intelligent switch device
CN105338686B (en) * 2014-08-09 2018-09-14 路晟(上海)科技有限公司 High reliable intelligent switching device
CN106061053A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-10-26 哈尔滨工程大学 Underwater robot illumination control system
CN106061053B (en) * 2016-05-19 2019-01-15 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of underwater robot lighting control system
CN106714370A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-24 合肥艾斯克光电科技有限责任公司 Full-color light-emitting diode (LED) nightscape lamp control system for landscape illumination
CN106922068A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-07-04 重庆大学 Advertising lighting regulating system and method based on railway tunnel Piston Action Wind

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121128

Termination date: 20140503