CN202544943U - Recovery system of waste heat from low-temperature industrial fluid - Google Patents

Recovery system of waste heat from low-temperature industrial fluid Download PDF

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CN202544943U
CN202544943U CN201220202081XU CN201220202081U CN202544943U CN 202544943 U CN202544943 U CN 202544943U CN 201220202081X U CN201220202081X U CN 201220202081XU CN 201220202081 U CN201220202081 U CN 201220202081U CN 202544943 U CN202544943 U CN 202544943U
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turbine
heat exchanger
connected
fluid
low
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任放
高庆波
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任放
高庆波
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P80/00Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications
    • Y02P80/10Efficient use of energy
    • Y02P80/15On-site combined power, heat or cool generation or distribution, e.g. combined heat and power [CHP] supply
    • Y02P80/152On-site combined power, heat or cool generation or distribution, e.g. combined heat and power [CHP] supply for heat recovery

Abstract

The utility model relates to a recovery system of waste heat from low-temperature industrial fluid. The recovery system of waste heat from low-temperature industrial fluid comprises a heat exchanger, a steam drum, a steam turbine and a heat regenerator, which are connected in sequence. A generator is connected to the steam turbine. The heat regenerator is sequentially connected with a condenser and a working medium pump to form a loop. The steam turbine is a centripetal turbine. The heat exchanger is an intrusive fluid heat exchanger or tube-shell fluid heat exchanger. The recovery system of waste heat from low-temperature industrial fluid needs no vacuum systems, desalted water systems or plants, is low in civil engineering workload, low in investment, short in recovery period, operationally unattended, low in maintenance and low in maintenance cost.

Description

一种低温位工业流体余热回收系统 A cryogenic fluid industrial waste heat recovery system bit

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种低温位工业流体余热回收系统,特别涉及到70-140°C,以及120-230 °C两个范围的炼铁、冶金、化工、炼化、化肥、电解铝、有色金属等行业生产过程中的流体余热发电。 [0001] The present invention relates to a cryogenic heat recovery bit industrial fluid system, and in particular to 70-140 ° C, 120-230 ° C and two ranges of iron, metallurgical, chemical, refining, fertilizer, aluminum fluid heat non-ferrous metals industry in the production process to generate electricity.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现在的炼铁、冶金、化工、炼化、化肥、电解铝有色等行业的流体常常需要降温,热量主要由循环水带走的,在沉淀池、冷却塔等冷却后循环使用。 [0002] Now the iron, metallurgical, chemical, refining, fertilizer, aluminum and other nonferrous metals industries often require fluid cooling, heat is carried away mainly by circulating water, recycling after precipitation cooling pool, cooling tower. 这部分余热最后全部排入大 This part of the waste heat discharged into the big final

气,既浪费能源,也消耗了水资源,因此有效回收低温位的流体余热将会产生巨大的经济效 Gas, a waste of energy, also consume water resources, the effective recovery of low temperature waste heat fluid position will have a huge economic effect

.、/■ ., / ■

Mo Mo

[0003] 为了减少热能排放对环境的污染,降低炼铁,冶金,化工,炼化,化肥,电解铝、有色金属等工序中能耗,提高能源利用效率,研发低温位流体余热回收技术,已成为一项有重要意义的工作。 [0003] In order to reduce heat emission to the environment pollution, reduced iron, metallurgical, chemical, refining, fertilizer, aluminum, non-ferrous metals step consumption, improve energy efficiency, research and development of low-temperature waste heat recovery fluid-bit technology, has become an important work.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是提供一种低温位工业流体余热回收系统,用于解决现有技术中对低温流体热能处理不合理的问题。 [0004] The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing a low-temperature waste heat recovery bit industrial fluid system, for solving the problems of the prior art process for the cryogenic fluid heat unreasonable.

[0005] 本实用新型解决上述技术问题的技术方案如下:一种低温位工业流体余热回收系统,包括换热器、汽包、汽轮机、发电机、回热器、冷凝器和工质泵。 [0005] The present invention to solve the above technical problems following technical solution: A cryogenic bit industrial fluid waste heat recovery system comprising a heat exchanger, a steam drum, steam turbine, generator, regenerator, condenser and a working fluid pump.

[0006] 所述换热器,其与所述汽包连接,用于实现与有机工质的换热; [0006] The heat exchanger, which is connected to the drum for effecting heat exchange with an organic working fluid;

[0007] 所述汽包,其与所述汽轮机连接,用于为所述汽轮机的均衡提供有机蒸气; [0007] The drum, which is connected to the turbine for providing the organic vapor turbine to said equalizer;

[0008] 所述汽轮机,其与所述发电机连接,用于做功并带动所述发电机发电;所述汽轮机还与所述回热器连接,用于将做功后的有机工质送入所述回热器; [0008] The turbine, which is connected to the generator, and to drive the generator to work; the further steam turbine is connected to said regenerator, for the organic working fluid after the feeding of the work said regenerator;

[0009] 所述回热器,其与所述冷凝器连接,用于将经回热器降温后的有机工质送入所述冷凝器; [0009] The regenerator, which is connected with the condenser, the condenser for feeding the organic fluid through the regenerator to cool;

[0010] 所述冷凝器,其与所述工质泵连接,用于将冷凝后的有机工质送入工质泵; [0010] The condenser, which is connected to the working fluid pump for condensed organic fluid into the refrigerant pump;

[0011] 所述工质泵,其与所述回热器连接,用于将有机工质送入回热器预热; [0011] The pump refrigerant, which is connected with the regenerator, the working fluid for the organic regenerator into the preheating;

[0012] 所述回热器还与所述换热器连接,用于将预热后的工质送入所述换热器循环使用。 [0012] The regenerator is further connected to said heat exchanger for preheating the working fluid into the heat exchanger recycled.

[0013] 在上述技术方案的基础上,本实用新型还可以做如下改进。 [0013] Based on the foregoing technical solution, the present invention may also be modified as follows.

[0014] 进一步,所述汽轮机采用向心式汽轮机。 [0014] Further, the use of centripetal turbine the turbine. 这里的向心式汽轮机属于超高速汽轮机,转速一般在30000r/min以上。 Here centripetal turbine the turbine belonging to ultra-high speed, the speed is generally 30000r / min or more. 所述向心式叶轮机的结构很简单,主要由一个向心式叶轮和一个蜗壳构成,结构上类似于一台反向流动的离心泵。 The structure is very simple to centripetal turbine mainly consists of a radial impeller and a volute, a centrifugal pump similar to the structure of the reverse flow. 叶片直接在叶轮上纟先削成形,整个叶轮精密浇铸而成,蜗壳一般为铸件,蜗壳中装有喷嘴环,以保证蒸汽进入叶轮的速度大小和方向。 Si directly on the impeller blades to cut molding, the entire impeller precision casting, casting is generally volute, the volute with the nozzle ring, to ensure that the steam into the speed and direction of the impeller. 喷嘴的安装角可以在运行时调整,以改善汽轮机的变工况性能。 Nozzle mounting angle can be adjusted during operation, in order to improve the status of Variable Turbine Performance. 由于较高的转速以及特殊的结构,促使所述向心式汽轮机的效率能高达80%以上,具有较高的能量转换效率。 Due to the higher speed and the special structure, the efficiency of the heart to cause the turbine can be as high as 80% or more, it has a high energy conversion efficiency. [0015] 进一步,所述换热器是侵入式流体换热器或管壳式流体换热器。 [0015] Further, the heat exchanger is a fluid-invasive or shell and tube heat exchanger fluid heat exchanger. 对于侵入式流体换热器,工业流体在换热器外运行,吸热有机介质在换热器内运行;对于管壳式流体换热器,工业流体在内层运行,吸热有机介质在外层运行。 For invasive fluid heat exchanger, industrial fluids running external heat exchanger, heat-absorbing operation of the organic medium in the heat exchanger; for shell and tube heat exchanger the fluid, the fluid in the inner industrial operation, the outer layer of heat-absorbing organic medium run.

[0016] 进一步,所述汽轮机和所述发电机通过直驱方式或者皮带连接。 [0016] Further, the turbine and the generator are connected by way of a direct drive or a belt.

[0017] 进一步,所述冷凝器是水冷冷凝器或者空冷冷凝器,对缺水地区可以选用空冷冷凝器。 [0017] Further, the condenser is air-cooled condenser or a water-cooled condenser, air cooling of the condenser may be selected dryland.

[0018] 本实用新型的有益效果是:本实用新型所述的低温位工业流体余热回收系统能将低品质的热能转化成电能,采用的有机工质在透平做功过程中,从高压到低压始终保持干燥状态,消除了形成湿气的可能性,避免了高速小水滴冲击汽轮机时产生腐蚀损坏的可能性;且有机工质冷凝压力不高,整个系统在稍高于大气压力下工作,使有机工质的泄露现象大为降低。 [0018] The beneficial effects of the present invention are: low-temperature waste heat recovery bit industrial fluid system of the present invention is capable of low quality thermal energy into electrical energy, organic fluid turbine employed in the process of work, from high to low pressure remains dry, eliminating the possibility of formation of moisture, to avoid the possibility of corrosion damage during high-speed small droplets impact the turbine; and the organic working fluid condensing pressure is not high, the entire system operates at slightly above atmospheric pressure, so that organic fluid leakage phenomenon greatly reduced. 向心式汽轮机工作压力适应范围大,在I. IMpa以上即可工作。 Adapt centripetal turbine working pressure range, you can work in more than I. IMpa. 系统中冷凝器也不需要增加防冻设施。 Condenser system does not need to add antifreeze facilities. 本系统不需要真空系统,不需要除盐水系统,不需要厂房,土建工作量小,投资少,回收期短;运行时无人值守,维护量很小,维护成本低廉。 The present system does not require a vacuum system, the system does not require demineralized water, no factories, construction work small, less investment, short payback period; run unattended, little maintenance, and low maintenance costs. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 图I为本实用新型所述余热回收系统的结构图; [0019] Figure I of the present invention a configuration diagram of a heat recovery system;

[0020] 附图中,各标号所代表的部件列表如下: [0020] In the drawings, a list of members of each numeral represent the following:

[0021] I、换热器,2、汽包,3、汽轮机,4、发电机,5、回热器,6、冷凝器,7、工质泵。 [0021] I, the heat exchanger 2, drum 3, the turbine 4, a generator, 5, regenerator, 6, condenser 7, the pump refrigerant.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0022] 以下结合附图对本实用新型的原理和特征进行描述,所举实例只用于解释本实用新型,并非用于限定本实用新型的范围。 [0022] conjunction with the drawings of the present invention the principles and features described, The examples are only intended to illustrate the invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

[0023] 如图I所示,本实施例所述的一种低温位工业流体余热回收系统,包括依次连接的换热器I、汽包2、汽轮机3和回热器5,所述汽轮机3连接有发电机4,所述回热器5与冷凝器6、工质泵7依次连接成回路。 [0023] As shown in FIG I, the present low temperature waste heat recovery system of an industrial fluid-bit embodiment of the embodiment, the heat exchanger comprising sequentially connected I, drum 2, the turbine 3, and a regenerator 5, a turbine 3 the electric generator 4, the regenerator 5 and the condenser 6, the pump refrigerant circuit 7 are sequentially connected. 其中,所述汽轮机3采用向心式汽轮机;所述换热器I是侵入式流体换热器或管壳式流体换热器;所述汽轮机3和所述发电机4通过直驱方式或者皮带连接;所述冷凝器6是水冷冷凝器或者空冷冷凝器。 Wherein the turbine 3 uses centripetal turbine; I is the heat exchanger or fluid heat-invasive shell and tube heat exchanger fluid; the turbine 3 and the generator 4 by way of a direct drive or belt ; said condenser 6 is an air-cooled condenser or a water-cooled condenser.

[0024] 下面详述本系统的工作原理:带余热的工业流体(中间产品或最终产品)可以在生产工艺自配的储液容器中,使用换热器I与有机工质换热;或者将工业流体导入换热器1,与有机工质换热。 [0024] The following detailed description of the working principle of the system: the industrial fluid heat belt (intermediate or final product) may be the reservoir from the production process with the use of a heat exchanger I and the organic working fluid heat exchanger; or industrial fluid introduced into the heat exchanger 1, the organic working fluid with a heat exchanger. 有机工质在换热器I内经过余热和蒸发后,进入汽包2,以便为汽轮机3均衡提供有机蒸汽。 After the organic working fluid in the heat exchanger and after evaporation I, into the drum 2, 3 so as to provide equalization for the organic vapor turbine. 汽包里的稳定蒸汽进入向心式汽轮机3做功,并带动发电机4发电,经过逆变器并网输出电力;做功后的有机工质进入回热器5,经回热器降温后的有机工质再进入冷凝器6,冷凝后的工质经工质泵7输送到回热器5预热后,流向换热器I循环使用。 Stable steam into the bag 3 acting centripetal turbine, and power driven generator 4, through the inverter output power grid; after the acting organic fluid entering the regenerator 5, the organic regenerator after cooling after the working fluid enters the condenser 6 and then, via the working fluid condensed refrigerant pump 7 delivery to preheat regenerator 5, I recycled flow heat exchanger.

[0025] 以上所述仅为本实用新型的较佳实施例,并不用以限制本实用新型,凡在本实用新型的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本实用新型的保护范围之内。 [0025] The above embodiments of the present invention the preferred embodiments only, not intended to limit the present disclosure, any modification within the spirit and principle of the invention, the, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., should It included within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. 一种低温位工业流体余热回收系统,其特征在于,包括换热器(I)、汽包(2)、汽轮机(3)、发电机(4)、回热器(5)、冷凝器(6)和工质泵(7); 所述换热器(I ),其与所述汽包(2)连接,用于实现与有机工质的换热; 所述汽包(2 ),其与所述汽轮机(3 )连接,用于为所述汽轮机(3 )的均衡提供有机蒸气;所述汽轮机(3),其与所述发电机(4)连接,用于做功并带动所述发电机(4)发电;所述汽轮机(3 )还与所述回热器(5 )连接,用于将做功后的有机工质送入所述回热器(5 ); 所述回热器(5),其与所述冷凝器(6)连接,用于将经回热器(5)降温后的有机工质送入所述冷凝器(6); 所述冷凝器(6),其与所述工质泵(7)连接,用于将冷凝后的有机工质送入工质泵(7);所述工质泵(7),其与所述回热器(5)连接,用于将有机工质送入回热器(5)预热;所述回热器 A low-temperature waste heat recovery bit industrial fluid system comprising a heat exchanger (the I), drum (2), the turbine (3), a generator (4), the regenerator (5), a condenser (6) and a working fluid pump (7); the heat exchanger (the I), which is connected to the drum (2), for achieving heat exchange with organic fluid; the drum (2), connected to said turbine (3) for supplying organic vapor turbine to said equalizer (3); the turbine (3) (4) is connected to the generator, and for driving the work the generator (4) generating; the turbine (3) is also connected to the regenerator (5), for the organic working fluid after the work into the regenerator (5); said regenerator (5), which is connected with the condenser (6) for through recuperator (5) after cooling the organic working fluid into the condenser (6); the condenser (6), which connected to the working fluid pump (7) for the condensed organic fluid into the working fluid pump (7); said working fluid pump (7), which is connected to the regenerator (5), the organic working fluid is fed to the regenerator (5) preheating; said regenerator 5 )还与所述换热器(I)连接,用于将预热后的工质送入所述换热器(I)循环使用。 5) connected to said further heat exchanger (I), for feeding the preheated working fluid of the heat exchanger (I) recycling.
2.根据权利要求I所述的余热回收系统,其特征在于,所述汽轮机(3)是向心式汽轮机。 The heat recovery system according to claim I, wherein said turbine (3) is a radial turbine.
3.根据权利要求I所述的余热回收系统,其特征在于,所述换热器(I)是侵入式流体换热器或管壳式流体换热器。 The heat recovery system according to claim I, wherein said heat exchanger (I) is an invasive fluid heat exchanger or a shell and tube heat exchanger fluid.
4.根据权利要求I所述的余热回收系统,其特征在于,所述汽轮机(3)和所述发电机(4)通过直驱方式或者皮带连接。 The heat recovery system according to claim I, wherein said turbine (3) and the generator (4) connected by way of a direct drive or a belt.
5.根据权利要求I所述的余热回收系统,其特征在于,所述冷凝器(6)是水冷冷凝器或者空冷冷凝器。 The heat recovery system according to claim I, wherein the condenser (6) is an air-cooled condenser or a water-cooled condenser.
CN201220202081XU 2012-05-07 2012-05-07 Recovery system of waste heat from low-temperature industrial fluid CN202544943U (en)

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