CN202543699U - Novel double-sided artificial polyurethane leather - Google Patents

Novel double-sided artificial polyurethane leather Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202543699U
CN202543699U CN2012201395917U CN201220139591U CN202543699U CN 202543699 U CN202543699 U CN 202543699U CN 2012201395917 U CN2012201395917 U CN 2012201395917U CN 201220139591 U CN201220139591 U CN 201220139591U CN 202543699 U CN202543699 U CN 202543699U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
urethane raw
artificial leather
leather
sided
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012201395917U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈尚文
陈尚明
陈尚德
李永新
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Foshan Gaoming District Yesheng Polyurethane Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
FOSHAN GAOMING SHANG-ANG TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FOSHAN GAOMING SHANG-ANG TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical FOSHAN GAOMING SHANG-ANG TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012201395917U priority Critical patent/CN202543699U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202543699U publication Critical patent/CN202543699U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses novel double-sided artificial polyurethane leather which is provided with an upper surface layer and a lower surface layer. The double-sided artificial polyurethane leather provided with the two surface layers has a wide application range, physical property is higher, and decorative effect is better. In addition, the service life of the novel double-sided artificial polyurethane leather is prolonged greatly. The upper surface layer and the lower surface layer are firmer, the novel double-sided artificial polyurethane leather is difficult to break, and the service life of the novel double-sided artificial polyurethane leather is prolonged greatly.

Description

Novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leather
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Novel Human fabricate-leather, and particularly a kind of real environmental protection of sandwich construction is clean, two-sided polyurethane artificial leather.
Background technology
Along with the conversion of natural conditions and the enhancing of animal protection consciousness, natural leather source and use all more and more are restricted, and artificial leather is as the substitute of natural leather, and its scope of application is increasing.Relevant data shows that the aggregate demand of China's synthetic leather surpasses 800,000,000 square metres/year, and ascendant trend is obvious.
The bottom of ordinary people's fabricate-leather (base material) is generally cloth or synthetic fiber layer, is the double-decker of polyurethane glue-line and base material, and practicality and texture all can not show a candle to natural leather, is lower than natural leather service life equally.
The progressively raising of Along with people's living standard, high-performance, demand high-quality, the environment-protecting clean synthetic leather also increase thereupon.Rough estimates, the demand of high-quality artificial leather are up to 200,000,000 square metres/year, and ascendant trend is apparently higher than ordinary people's fabricate-leather.
Ultra fine leather is the abbreviation of superfine fibre PU synthetic leather; Being the superfine fibre short fiber processes the nonwoven fabric of three-dimensional structure network through combing acupuncture, passes through wet processes again, the impregnation of PU resin; The alkali decrement; Technologies such as polishing dyeing and finishing are finally processed superfine fiber leather, but energy consumption is high, cost is high, price is high, popularizes difficult.Though ordinary people's fabricate-leather outward appearance is beautiful, to arrange well, price is lower, and is not wear-resisting, is prone to break, and energy consumption is high, toxic, and market will be eliminated; Though ultra fine performance has much lifting than the performance of ordinary people's fabricate-leather, even exceeds natural leather,, it still is merely double-layer structure, and range of application is still limited.
Existing ultra fine leather preparation method obtains through prepared such as alkali decrement or toluene (solvent) decrements, and the feel and the back side of product are effective, but its complex process, and also serious to the pollution of environment.Alkali that consumes in the preparation process and organic solvent etc. are difficult to recycle, and environmental pollution has considerable influence, and the general trend of events also necessity is improved.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leather.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked is:
A kind of novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leather, said artificial leather have a upper layer and a following surface layer.
As the further improvement of the utility model, be provided with at least one intermediate layer between upper layer and the following surface layer.
As the further improvement of the utility model, at least one in intermediate layer and/or the surface layer is foaming layer.
Preferably, the novel two-sided artificial leather thickness of the utility model is 0.05mm~100mm.
Its manufacturing technique comprises the steps:
1) release layer is provided, at a surface applied urethane raw surface layer of release layer;
2) heating makes the slaking of surface layer urethane raw, obtains single face semi-finished product artificial leather;
3) release layer is provided, at a surface applied urethane raw surface layer of release layer;
4) heating makes the glued membrane that the pre-polymerization of urethane raw surface layer becomes to have viscosity, and the single face semi-finished product artificial leather that makes is pressed together on the glued membrane, obtains two-sided semi-finished product artificial leather;
5) further heat two-sided semi-finished product artificial leather the urethane raw polymerization is done admittedly, obtain having the artificial leather of at least two surface layers;
Wherein, the urethane raw of said urethane raw for foaming or not foam.
Preferably, its manufacturing technique comprises the steps:
1) release layer is provided, at a surface applied urethane raw surface layer of release layer;
2) heating makes the glued membrane that the pre-polymerization of urethane raw surface layer becomes to have viscosity, and intermediate laminate is combined on the glued membrane;
3) further heating makes the slaking of surface layer urethane raw, obtains single face semi-finished product artificial leather;
4) release layer is provided, at a surface applied urethane raw surface layer of release layer;
5) heating makes the glued membrane that the pre-polymerization of urethane raw surface layer becomes to have viscosity, and the single face semi-finished product artificial leather that makes is pressed together on the glued membrane, obtains two-sided semi-finished product artificial leather;
6) further heat two-sided semi-finished product artificial leather the urethane raw polymerization is done admittedly, obtain having the artificial leather at least two surface layers and an intermediate layer;
Wherein, the urethane raw of said urethane raw for foaming or not foam.
Further; After the pre-polymerization of urethane raw surface layer becomes to have the glued membrane of viscosity; On glued membrane, apply the intermediate layer urethane raw; Heating afterwards makes the intermediate layer glued membrane that intermediate layer urethane raw pre-polymerization becomes to have viscosity, on the glued membrane of intermediate layer, continues to apply another intermediate layer urethane raw pre-polymerization once more;
Or on glued membrane pressing intermediate layer or single face semi-finished product artificial leather;
Or glued membrane pressing first intermediate layer, intermediate layer, on first intermediate layer, continue to apply another intermediate layer urethane raw pre-polymerization glued membrane of becoming to have viscosity once more;
Further prepare the double-face person's fabricate-leather more than 3 layers,
Wherein, the urethane raw of said intermediate layer urethane raw for foaming or not foaming, each intermediate layer urethane raw is identical or different.
Further, add thermal maturation, before or after the rolling, can the heat pressurization make the artificial leather surface layer have decorative pattern at the surface layer urethane raw.
Further, have the mould line on the release layer.The degree of depth of mould line is between 0.1~20mm.
During material loading, use gas can atomize sprinkler irrigation method or knife coating polyurethane coating raw material.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is:
The novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leather of the utility model has two superficial layers, and range of application is wider, and rerum natura can be high, and decorative pattern is concavo-convex more clear, and decorative effect is better.Simultaneously, owing to do not need concavo-convex mould high temperature extrusion, the service life of improving the utility model polyurethane artificial leather greatly.
More firm between each layer of the utility model product, rerum natura can be high, and cracky has not prolonged service life of product greatly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are the structural representations of the utility model artificial leather.
The specific embodiment
See figures.1.and.2,
A kind of novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leather has a upper layer 1 and a following surface layer 3.
As the further improvement of the utility model, be provided with at least one intermediate layer 2 between upper layer 1 and a following surface layer 3.
As the further improvement of the utility model, intermediate layer 2 and upper layer 1, with and/or intermediate layer 2 and following surface layer 3 between be provided with at least one second intermediate layer 4.
As the further improvement of the utility model, at least one in intermediate layer and/or the surface layer is foaming layer.
The structure of typical novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leather is followed successively by from top to bottom:
(1) upper layer that does not foam, foamed interlayer, median fiber layer, foamed interlayer, foaming surface layer down;
(2) upper layer that does not foam, median fiber layer, the following surface layer that does not foam;
(3) upper layer, median fiber layer of foaming, the following surface layer that do not foam;
(4) second intermediate layer of upper layer, the first median fiber layer of foaming, first intermediate layer of not foaming, median fiber layer, foaming, the second median fiber layer, the following surface layer that do not foam.
Preferably, the novel two-sided artificial leather thickness of the utility model is 0.05mm~100mm.
Its manufacturing technique comprises the steps:
1) release layer is provided, at a surface applied urethane raw surface layer of release layer;
2) heating makes the slaking of surface layer urethane raw, obtains single face semi-finished product artificial leather;
3) release layer is provided, at a surface applied urethane raw surface layer of release layer;
4) heating makes the glued membrane that the pre-polymerization of urethane raw surface layer becomes to have viscosity, and the single face semi-finished product artificial leather that makes is pressed together on the glued membrane, obtains two-sided semi-finished product artificial leather;
5) further heat two-sided semi-finished product artificial leather the urethane raw polymerization is done admittedly, obtain having the artificial leather of at least two surface layers;
Wherein, the urethane raw of said urethane raw for foaming or not foam.
Further, its manufacturing technique comprises the steps:
1) release layer is provided, at a surface applied urethane raw surface layer of release layer;
2) heating makes the glued membrane that the pre-polymerization of urethane raw surface layer becomes to have viscosity, and the median fiber lamination is combined on the glued membrane;
3) further heating makes the slaking of surface layer urethane raw, obtains single face semi-finished product artificial leather;
4) release layer is provided, at a surface applied urethane raw surface layer of release layer;
5) heating makes the glued membrane that the pre-polymerization of urethane raw surface layer becomes to have viscosity, and the single face semi-finished product artificial leather that makes is pressed together on the glued membrane, obtains two-sided semi-finished product artificial leather;
6) further heat two-sided semi-finished product artificial leather the urethane raw polymerization is done admittedly, obtain having the artificial leather of at least two surface layers and a median fiber layer;
Wherein, the urethane raw of said urethane raw for foaming or not foam.
Further; After the pre-polymerization of urethane raw surface layer becomes to have the glued membrane of viscosity; On glued membrane, apply the intermediate layer urethane raw; Heating afterwards makes the intermediate layer glued membrane that intermediate layer urethane raw pre-polymerization becomes to have viscosity, on the glued membrane of intermediate layer, continues to apply another intermediate layer urethane raw pre-polymerization once more;
Or on glued membrane pressing intermediate layer or single face semi-finished product artificial leather;
Or glued membrane pressing first intermediate layer, intermediate layer, on first intermediate layer, continue to apply another intermediate layer urethane raw pre-polymerization glued membrane of becoming to have viscosity once more;
Further prepare the double-face person's fabricate-leather more than 3 layers;
Wherein, the urethane raw of said intermediate layer urethane raw for foaming or not foaming, each intermediate layer urethane raw is identical or different.
Further, after the surface layer urethane raw added thermal maturation, can pressurize made the artificial leather surface layer have decorative pattern.
Further, have recessed mould line on the release layer.The degree of depth of mould line is between 0.1~20mm.Through the mould line is set on release layer, can make the surface layer urethane raw when pre-polymerization, just form texture, the convex-concave surface texture of the artificial leather that makes like this, more concavo-convex to touch the texture that hot pressing obtains more stable, and third dimension is more arranged.
During material loading, use gas can atomize sprinkler irrigation method or knife coating polyurethane coating raw material.Can select according to the thickness of required surface layer.The centre is coated with thick, and the urethane raw that needs is many, then can adopt sprinkler irrigation method or knife coating to apply.Thinner like the bed of material, then can adopt the gas modes such as material loading that can atomize to apply.
The urethane raw that uses in the utility model is solvent-free urethane raw, can not produce poisonous and hazardous organic solvent so in process of production, has also significantly reduced simultaneously to dry the cost of drawing back solvent, more environmental protection and energy saving.

Claims (4)

1. novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leather, it is characterized in that: said artificial leather has a upper layer and a following surface layer.
2. a kind of novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leather according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with at least one intermediate layer between upper layer and the following surface layer.
3. a kind of novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leather according to claim 2 is characterized in that: at least one in intermediate layer and/or the surface layer is foaming layer.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described a kind of novel two-sided polyurethane artificial leathers, it is characterized in that: said artificial leather thickness is 0.05mm~100mm.
CN2012201395917U 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Novel double-sided artificial polyurethane leather Expired - Fee Related CN202543699U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201395917U CN202543699U (en) 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Novel double-sided artificial polyurethane leather

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201395917U CN202543699U (en) 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Novel double-sided artificial polyurethane leather

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202543699U true CN202543699U (en) 2012-11-21

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102634991A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-08-15 佛山市高明尚昂科技有限公司 Novel double-faced polyurethane artificial leather and integrated-forming manufacturing process thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102634991A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-08-15 佛山市高明尚昂科技有限公司 Novel double-faced polyurethane artificial leather and integrated-forming manufacturing process thereof

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20160921

Address after: 528500 Guangdong province Foshan city Gaoming District Lotus Road Industrial Area

Patentee after: Foshan Gaoming District Yesheng Polyurethane Co., Ltd.

Address before: Gaoming District of Foshan city in Guangdong province 528500 city streets Cangjiang Industrial Park, three Park Road, Zhou Xing Liang

Patentee before: Foshan Gaoming Shang-ang Technology Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121121

Termination date: 20210405