CN202475204U - Claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor - Google Patents

Claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202475204U
CN202475204U CN2011205399490U CN201120539949U CN202475204U CN 202475204 U CN202475204 U CN 202475204U CN 2011205399490 U CN2011205399490 U CN 2011205399490U CN 201120539949 U CN201120539949 U CN 201120539949U CN 202475204 U CN202475204 U CN 202475204U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
claw
magnet synchronous
motor
synchronous motor
pole
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011205399490U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张家驹
张炯
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JIANGMEN SST ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES CO Ltd
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JIANGMEN SST ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2011205399490U priority Critical patent/CN202475204U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202475204U publication Critical patent/CN202475204U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor including a motor case having an asymmetrical pole claw and a face cover. The claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor adopts direct current for power supply. The motor case is provided with a middle case having a symmetrical pole; a line frame and a winding coil winded on the line frame together arranged between the motor case and the middle case; a permanent-magnet rotor disposed on a central shaft of the motor case and having a gear; a plurality of gears and an output shaft engaging with the permanent-magnet rotor installed on a gear shaft of the middle case; an actuator arranged outside the motor, connecting with the winding coil through a connection line, and converting input direction current into controllable pulsating current at a certain frequency. The permanent rotor and the gear engage with the output shaft and the gears, thereby forming a reduction gear system. The claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor has characteristics of low power consumption, large torque, reliable operation and convenient use. And the claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor can adopt direct current for power supply. The revolving speed of motor operation is not influenced by voltage under a certain frequency and remains unchanged. If overload or stall of the claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor occurs, the motor coil is not burnt.

Description

A kind of claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor, relates in particular to and a kind ofly adopts powered by direct current, possesses the claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of alternating current claw-pole formula permanent magnet synchronous motor characteristic simultaneously.
Background technology
At present, the claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor is a kind of a kind of driving element that is widely used in the household electrical appliance, as: the driving of air conditioner wind deflector, cold and warm air heating radiator oscillating head mechanism, watch-dog The Cloud Terrace, electrically operated valve etc.Usually adopt the claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of single-phase ac power supply to drive.
Along with the raising that development of technology and people realize energy-saving and environmental protection, the main motor in the various household electrical appliance---single phase alternating current (A.C.) asynchronous motor, the brshless DC motor by efficient, energy-conservation, material-saving, environmental protection replaces gradually, and this has become inevitable trend.This also brings a problem simultaneously, needs the device of swing in these electrical equipment, originally all adopts the claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of single-phase ac power supply to drive.Nowadays use alternating current claw-pole formula permanent magnet synchronous motor again, inevitable in electrical equipment, to set up two cover power-supply systems (1, ac power supply system gives the power supply of alternating current claw-pole formula permanent magnet synchronous motor; 2, DC power-supply system is supplied power to brshless DC motor.) cause complex structure, cost high like this.For simplified structure, reducing cost and using a cover DC power-supply system is most preferred scheme.So just required a kind of New-type electric machine to occur, promptly not only had the characteristic of alternating current claw-pole formula permanent magnet synchronous motor but also can under direct current supply, move.
In order to satisfy above-mentioned characteristic requirements, generally both at home and abroad at present adopt DC motor to install decelerator additional to drive, its shortcoming has three: 1, complex structure, cost are high; 2, noise is big; 3, can not reverse, be prone to cause stall to burn.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to solve the existing defective of claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor in the prior art, and a kind of claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of direct current supply is provided.This novel motor has the performance of claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor fully, can be moved by direct current supply again simultaneously.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopted: a kind of claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor, comprise the casing, the cover that have asymmetric utmost point pawl, and the aforementioned electric motivation adopts powered by direct current; Be provided with the mesochite of symmetrical utmost point pawl in the said casing, the winding coil between casing and mesochite, being provided with wire frame and being wound on wire frame, place be equipped with on the gear shaft that the p-m rotor that has gear is arranged on the casing central shaft, be positioned at mesochite with the intermeshing a plurality of gears of p-m rotor with output shaft, be located at that the motor outside is connected with winding coil with connecting line and can the direct current of input be transformed into the actuator of the controlled pulsating current of certain frequency, p-m rotor and gear and the output shaft formation reduction gear device that is meshing with each other.In asymmetric utmost point pawl magnetic circuit, will produce starting torque between stator and the rotor and make the rotor rotation.The speed of rotor rotation is directly proportional with the frequency of the pulsating current that gets into motor, is synchronously.Gear on epitrochanterian gear and the gear shaft and the gear on the output shaft are meshing with each other and form a reduction gear device, and the rotation of rotor will make output shaft rotation and output torque through reduction gear device like this.In addition, the motor of the utility model must could move through actuator; This actuator can adopt different output frequencies that the synchronous speed of motor is controlled according to actual needs.
As the further design to the aforementioned techniques scheme: described actuator is provided with the clock generator that can produce certain frequency, controlled pulsating voltage, also is provided with to produce that the two-way phase place is just in time opposite, the reverser of two path control signal.
As the further design to the aforementioned techniques scheme: aforesaid winding coil is the twin coil winding; The two path control signal of actuator connects two coils and the conducting of twin coil winding respectively; Make two coils produce the just in time opposite electric current of phase place; In the pulsating field of motor interior generation alternation, the pulsating field of alternation forms a closed magnetic circuit in casing, mesochite and p-m rotor.Or winding coil is the unicoil winding; The two path control signal of actuator connects the two ends and the conducting of unicoil winding respectively; Between the two ends of coil, produce alternating voltage and alternating current; In the pulsating field of motor interior generation alternation, the pulsating field of alternation forms a closed magnetic circuit in casing, mesochite and p-m rotor.
As the further design again to the aforementioned techniques scheme: aforesaid actuator can be installed on the bottom or cover of the outside or casing of casing, and actuator also can externally directly be connected with winding coil through connecting line.
In sum, the advantage that has of the claw pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of the utility model is following:
1. the power supply of the claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of prior art use is the single-phase alternating current of 50Hz or 60Hz, and the power supply that the utility model adopts is a direct current;
2. the claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of prior art does not use actuator to move, the utility model " motor must could move through actuator;
3. the 50Hz that uses of the claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of prior art or the alternating current of 60Hz, its frequency is fixed, and the motor in the utility model can adopt different frequencies to control through actuator as required;
4. the employing simplex winding coil of the claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of prior art, and the coil of the utility model can adopt simplex winding mode or double winding mode;
5. the claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of prior art waveform of voltage on winding is a sinusoidal pattern, and the motor of the utility model waveform of voltage on winding is a square wave type.
Therefore, but the electric tools of the utility model has that power consumption is little, moment is big, the low direct current supply of noise, characteristics reliable, easy to use.Motor moves not influence by voltage of its rotating speed under certain frequency, keeps weighing apparatus fixed constant.If motor transships or stall when load, motor coil can not burn.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the decomposing schematic representation of the claw pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of present embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the sketch map that the claw pole permanent magnet synchronous motor of present embodiment 1 is connected with actuator;
Fig. 3 is installed in the sketch map of claw pole permanent magnet synchronous motor bottom for actuator;
Fig. 4 is installed in the sketch map of claw pole permanent magnet synchronous motor sidepiece for actuator;
Fig. 5 is that actuator is with connecting line and the direct-connected sketch map of claw pole permanent magnet synchronous motor;
Fig. 6 is the public termination dc power anode control of a double winding coil block diagram;
Fig. 7 is the public termination dc power cathode control of a double winding coil block diagram;
Fig. 8 is the control block diagram of unicoil winding.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
The utility model embodiment 1 described a kind of claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor, as shown in Figure 1, comprise the casing 1, the cover 2 that have asymmetric utmost point pawl, motor adopts powered by direct current; Be provided with the mesochite 3 of symmetrical utmost point pawl in the casing, the winding coil 5 between casing and mesochite, being provided with wire frame 4 and being wound on wire frame, place have on the gear shaft that the p-m rotor 6 that has gear is arranged on the casing central shaft, be positioned at mesochite and with the intermeshing a plurality of gears 7 of p-m rotor with output shaft 8, be located at that the motor outside is connected with winding coil with connecting line and can the direct current of input be transformed into the actuator 9 of the controlled pulsating current of certain frequency; Actuator is installed on the end face of cover, and is as shown in Figure 2.Gear 10 on p-m rotor and the gear shaft and the output shaft formation reduction gear device that is meshing with each other; Gear on the p-m rotor and the gears engaged on the gear shaft; Gear on a plurality of gear shafts be meshing with each other with output shaft on gears engaged, implement the transmission and the action of reduction gear device; The axle head of output shaft passes cover.Actuator is provided with clock generator and reverser, and actuator produces the just in time opposite two path control signal of two-way phase place through reverser simultaneously through the controlled pulsating voltage of clock generator generation certain frequency.Winding coil is the twin coil winding; The two path control signal of actuator connects two coils and the conducting of twin coil winding respectively; Make two coils produce the just in time opposite electric current of phase place; In the pulsating field of motor interior generation alternation, the pulsating field of alternation forms a closed magnetic circuit in casing, mesochite and p-m rotor.
The public termination dc power anode control of double winding coil block diagram is as shown in Figure 6.
The public termination dc power cathode control of double winding coil block diagram is as shown in Figure 7.
In asymmetric utmost point pawl magnetic circuit, will produce starting torque between stator and the rotor and make the rotor rotation.The speed of rotor rotation is directly proportional with the frequency of the pulsating current that gets into motor, is synchronously.Gear on epitrochanterian gear and the gear shaft and the gear on the output shaft are meshing with each other and form a reduction gear device, and the rotation of rotor will make output shaft rotation and output torque through reduction gear device like this.In addition, motor must could move through actuator; This actuator can adopt different output frequencies that motor is carried out speed control according to actual needs.
Certainly; The winding coil of the foregoing description 1 also can be the unicoil winding; Its execution mode is: the two path control signal of actuator connects the two ends and the conducting of unicoil winding respectively; Between the two ends of coil, produce alternating voltage and alternating current, in the pulsating field of motor interior generation alternation, the pulsating field of alternation forms a closed magnetic circuit in casing, mesochite and p-m rotor.
The control block diagram of unicoil winding is as shown in Figure 8.
In addition, the actuator of the foregoing description also can be installed on the bottom of casing, and is as shown in Figure 3; Or actuator is installed in the outside of casing, and is as shown in Figure 4; Also can be that actuator is external directly be connected with winding coil through connecting line, as shown in Figure 5.
The above only is the preferred embodiment of the utility model, is not the technology contents of the utility model is done any pro forma restriction.Every technical spirit according to the utility model is to any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment did, all still belongs in the scope of technical scheme of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor comprises the casing (1), the cover (2) that have asymmetric utmost point pawl, it is characterized in that: said motor adopts powered by direct current; Be provided with the mesochite (3) of symmetrical utmost point pawl in the said casing, the winding coil (5) between casing and mesochite, being provided with wire frame (4) and being wound on wire frame, place the p-m rotor (6) that has gear is arranged on the casing central shaft, be positioned at have on the mesochite gear shaft a plurality of and p-m rotor pitch wheel (7) with output shaft (8), be located at that the motor outside is connected with winding coil with connecting line and can the direct current of input be transformed into the actuator (9) of the controlled pulsating current of certain frequency, p-m rotor and gear and the output shaft gear formation reduction gear device that is meshing with each other.
2. claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described actuator is provided with the clock generator that can produce certain frequency, controlled pulsating voltage, also is provided with to produce that the two-way phase place is just in time opposite, the reverser of two path control signal.
3. claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described winding coil is the twin coil winding, and the two path control signal of actuator connects two coils and the conducting of twin coil winding respectively.
4. claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motor according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described winding coil is the unicoil winding, and the two path control signal of actuator connects the two ends and the conducting of unicoil winding respectively.
5. according to claim 3 or 4 described claw-pole permanent magnet synchronous motors, it is characterized in that: described actuator can be installed on the bottom or cover of the outside or casing of casing, and actuator also can externally directly be connected with winding coil through connecting line.
CN2011205399490U 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor Expired - Fee Related CN202475204U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011205399490U CN202475204U (en) 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011205399490U CN202475204U (en) 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Claw-pole-type permanent-magnet synchronous motor

Publications (1)

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CN202475204U true CN202475204U (en) 2012-10-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102420513A (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-04-18 江门市胜思特电器有限公司 Claw pole type permanent magnet synchronous motor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102420513A (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-04-18 江门市胜思特电器有限公司 Claw pole type permanent magnet synchronous motor

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121003

Termination date: 20191221