Novel combined type solar thermal collector

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Publication number
CN202177235U
Authority
CN
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
thermal
collecting
solar
combined
high
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201120308824
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王学明
Original Assignee
王学明
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG] EMISSION, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/42Dish collectors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG] EMISSION, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

A novel combined type solar thermal collector is extremely advanced large cross profile solar energy collection equipment and is designed by using a focusing theory when a parabola faces light. When sunlight penetrates through a glass plate to irradiate on a parabola spotlight reflection face, the sunlight is regularly focused and reflected on a thermal collecting pipe and enables light density on the surface of the thermal collecting pipe to be greatly increased, ambient temperature of the thermal collecting pipe is increased exponentially, and thermal collecting efficiency of the thermal collecting pipe is high. The novel combined type solar thermal collector is convenient to install and use, high pressure resistant and capable of producing high pressure steam, can not only solve basic problems of washing and bathing, but also solve problems of drinking water and food cooking and is capable of being combined with a floor heater or central heating to use for heating in winter. The most important advantage of the novel combined type solar thermal collector is capable of being installed in a large-scale collection mode to produce the high pressure steam to drive a steam turbine for generating electricity.

Description

新型复合式太阳能集热器 New hybrid solar collectors

所属技术领域 Those of skill

[0001] 该实用新型属于一种大截面高温高压内反射聚光集热器。 [0001] The invention belongs to the large cross-section an in HPHT reflector concentrating collectors. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,国内太阳能集热设备不外乎两种:一种是玻璃管式集热管,造价低廉但不能承压运行,集热效果一般,不能把水烧开。 [0002] At present, the domestic solar collector device is nothing more than two: one is a glass tube type collector tube, low cost but can not be run under pressure, collector general effect, can not boil water. 另一种是平板式太阳能集热板,以进口技术为主, 能承压运行但造价较高,集热效果较高,依旧不能把水烧开。 Another is a flat plate solar collector panel, technology-based imported, higher cost, but can be run under pressure, the higher the effect of the collector, still can not boil water. 这两种集热方式存在的局限性在于集热管所接受的光线密度有限,环境温度不高,导致其集热效果一般,因此现在的太阳能热水器只能停留在洗刷洗浴的狭小范围内。 The limitations of these two ways is the limited collection tube collectors of received light density, ambient temperature is not high, leading to a general effect collector, solar water heaters so now only stay in a narrow range of wash bath.

[0003] 国外,已经把太阳能的深层利用作为研究对象,诸如高温高压热能利用和太阳能热力发电,但他们的集热器因整体庞大,聚光面暴露于空气中,容易污染和氧化,热效率低, 造价高,所以得不到实际的推广利用,只是停留在实验的基础上。 [0003] abroad, it has been the use of solar energy as a deep study, using high temperature and pressure and heat such as solar thermal power, but because of their overall large collector, condensing surfaces exposed to the air, easily contaminated and oxidized, low thermal efficiency , high cost, it is not the actual promotion of the use, just stay on an experimental basis.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 针对现在的太阳能集热器的不足,我们设计了这种新型复合式太阳能集热器。 [0004] for the current shortage of solar collectors, we have designed this new type of hybrid solar collector. 其主要设计思路是利用抛物线面的聚焦原理,增加集热管周围的光线密度;利用惰性气体的保护作用减少热量散失和防止反射面氧化的原理设计而成。 The main idea is to design the parabolic surface with a focused principle, increasing the density of light around the collector tube; Protective effect of the inert gas and the heat loss is reduced to prevent oxidation of the reflecting surface of the principles of the design.

[0005] 该实用新型的解决方案是:新型复合式太阳能集热器包括壳体,保温层,反射面, 金属集热管,高强度玻璃板,管路接头,换气嘴。 [0005] The invention solution: new composite solar collector comprises a housing, insulation, reflective surface, the metal collector tube, high strength glass, pipe joints, mouth ventilation. 壳体是用高强度金属板轧制而成;反射面是利用抛物线面对光线的聚光反射原理制成,规则地置于壳体内;反射面与壳体的夹腔内填充保温材料,形成保温层;集热管是用金属管镀涂集热膜,两端管口焊装管路接头,然后固定在反射面的凹槽中,使反射面的焦点线与集热管的中心线重合,管路接头伸出壳体侧壁, 并焊接严密;壳体侧壁焊装换气嘴;壳体上口密闭封装高强度玻璃板,最后通过换气嘴将壳体内部的空气置换成惰性气体。 The housing is made of high-strength metal rolled plate; reflective surface is formed by using the principle of concentrating parabolic reflector facing the light, are regularly disposed within the housing; a reflective surface of the housing interposed insulation material filled into the cavity formed insulation; collector tube is a metal tube coated with a coating film collectors, welding both ends of the nozzle pipe joints, then fixed in a recess of the reflection surface, so that the focal line and the center line of the heat collecting pipe of the reflecting surface coincides tube protruding housing side walls splice, and tight welding; welding ventilation nozzle housing sidewall; upper opening of the housing hermetically enclosed high-strength glass, and finally through the mouth of the ventilation air inside the casing is replaced with an inert gas.

[0006] 当阳光透过玻璃板照射到聚光反射面上,被规则聚焦反射到集热管上,使集热管表面的光线密度大幅增加,其环境温度成倍提高。 [0006] When the sunlight collecting reflector surface through the glass plate, the regular reflection is focused onto a collection tube, so that the light density of the surface of the collector pipe a substantial increase in the ambient temperature doubled. 由于反射面有惰性气体的保护,所以不会氧化锈蚀或粘附灰尘,金属集热管两端开口并有管路接头,便于安装使用和水的对流,并且耐高压。 Since the reflective surface protective inert gas, so it will not rust or oxidation adhesion of dust, the metal tube open at both ends and has a heat collecting pipe joints, easy to use and to install the convection of water, and high pressure.

[0007] 该实用新型的有益效果是:这种新型太阳能集热板集热效率高,便于安装使用,耐高压,能产生高压蒸汽。 [0007] The beneficial effects of the invention are: The new solar panels high collection efficiency, ease of installation, high pressure, can produce high pressure steam. 不但能够解决洗刷洗浴的基本问题,而且能够解决饮用水和食物蒸煮问题;还可以与地暖或暖气结合使用,用来冬季取暖;最重要的是可以大型集装产生高压蒸汽带动蒸汽轮机用来发电。 Not only can solve the basic problem of washing bath, and can solve the problem of drinking and cooking food; use can also be combined with floor heating or radiators for heating in winter; the most important is the large cartridge produces high-pressure steam to drive a steam turbine to generate electricity .

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 下面结合附图对该实用新型作进一步说明: [0008] DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS Further the invention is made:

[0009] 图1为该实用新型结构示意图[0010] 图2为该实用新型AA剖面图 [0009] FIG. 1 is the structural diagram of invention [0010] FIG 2 is the sectional view AA invention

[0011] 图中:1管路接头2高强度玻璃板3金属集热管4换气嘴5反射面6壳体7保温 [0011] FIG: 1 high strength glass pipe joints 2 3 4 metal ventilation tube collector nozzle housing 5 6 7 insulation reflecting surface

Floor

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 新型复合式太阳能集热器包括壳体(6),保温层(7),反射面(5),金属集热管(3), 高强度玻璃板O),管路接头(1),换气嘴G)。 [0012] The new composite solar collector comprises a housing (6), insulating layer (7), a reflecting surface (5), metal collector tube (3), high-strength glass O), pipe joints (1), mouth ventilation G). 壳体(6)是用高强度金属板轧制而成;反射面(5)是利用抛物线面对光线的聚光反射原理制成,规则地置于壳体(6)内;反射面(5)与壳体(6)的夹腔内填充保温材料,形成保温层(7);集热管C3)是用金属管镀涂集热膜,两端管口焊装管路接头(1),然后固定在反射面(5)的凹槽中,使反射面(5)的焦点线与集热管(3)的中心线重合,管路接头⑴伸出壳体(6)侧壁,并焊接严密;壳体(6)侧壁焊装换气嘴,壳体(6)上口密闭封装高强度玻璃板O),最后通过换气嘴(4)将壳体(6)内部的空气置换成惰性气体。 A housing (6) is a rolled metal plate with high strength; a reflective surface (5) facing the parabolic concentrator using the principle of reflection of light made regularly disposed within the housing (6); a reflective surface (5 ) and the housing (6) is sandwiched insulation material filled into the cavity, forming the insulation layer (7); collector tube C3) is a metal tube coated with a coating film collectors, welding both ends of the nozzle line connection (1), and then fixed reflecting surface in the recess (5) of the reflecting surface (5) and the center line of the line focus of the heat collecting pipe (3) coincides ⑴ projecting line connection housing (6) side walls, and welded tight; a housing (6) side wall welding ventilation nozzle, the housing (6) hermetically enclosed high-strength glass catchy O), and finally through the ventilation nozzle (4) the housing (6) replacing the air inside the inert gas .

[0013] 当阳光透过高强度玻璃板(2)照射到聚光反射面(5)上,被规则聚焦反射到集热管C3)上,使集热管C3)表面的光线密度大幅增加,其环境温度成倍提高。 [0013] When a high intensity of sunlight through the glass plate (2) to the condensing and reflecting surface (5), the regular reflection is focused onto the collector pipe C3), that the collector tube C3) significantly increase the light density on the surface, their environment temperature doubled. 由于反射面(5) 有惰性气体的保护,所以不会氧化锈蚀或粘附灰尘,金属集热管C3)两端开口并有管路接头(1),便于安装使用和水的对流。 Since (5) is protected with inert gas reflective surface, so it will not rust or oxidation adhesion of dust, metal collector tube C3) open at both ends and has a line connection (1), and easy to install using water convection.

Claims (1)

1.新型复合式太阳能集热器包括壳体、保温层、反射面、金属集热管、高强度玻璃板、管路接头、换气嘴;其特征在于:壳体是用高强度金属板轧制而成;反射面是利用抛物线面对光线的聚光反射原理制成,规则地置于壳体内;反射面与壳体的夹腔内填充保温材料,形成保温层;集热管是用金属管镀涂集热膜,两端管口焊装管路接头,然后固定在反射面的凹槽中,使反射面的焦点线与集热管的中心线重合,管路接头伸出壳体侧壁,并焊接严密;壳体侧壁焊装换气嘴;壳体上口密闭封装高强度玻璃板,最后通过换气嘴将壳体内部的空气置换成惰性气体。 1. The new composite solar collector comprises a housing, insulation, reflective surface, the metal collector tube, high strength glass, pipe joints, the ventilation nozzle; characterized in that: the housing is a high-strength rolled sheet metal made; using a parabolic reflection surface facing the principle of converging the reflected light is made, are regularly disposed within the housing; a reflective surface of the housing interposed insulation material filled into the cavity, forming the insulation layer; collector tube is plated with a metal tube collector centerline coating film, both ends of the spout welding pipe joints, and then fixed in the recess of the reflecting surface, the reflecting surface of the collector tube focal point coincides with the line, the line connection extending housing side wall, and tight welding; welding ventilation nozzle housing sidewall; upper opening of the housing hermetically enclosed high-strength glass, and finally through the mouth of the ventilation air inside the casing is replaced with an inert gas.

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102287930A (en) * 2011-08-18 2011-12-21 王学明 Hybrid solar collectors
CN104350337A (en) * 2012-05-03 2015-02-11 安益鲁 Solar collector and heat collecting system comprising same

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