Novel combined type solar thermal collector

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Publication number
CN202177235U
Authority
CN
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
thermal collecting
thermal
novel combined
thermal collector
solar thermal
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201120308824
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王学明
Original Assignee
王学明
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG] EMISSION, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/42Dish collectors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG] EMISSION, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

A novel combined type solar thermal collector is extremely advanced large cross profile solar energy collection equipment and is designed by using a focusing theory when a parabola faces light. When sunlight penetrates through a glass plate to irradiate on a parabola spotlight reflection face, the sunlight is regularly focused and reflected on a thermal collecting pipe and enables light density on the surface of the thermal collecting pipe to be greatly increased, ambient temperature of the thermal collecting pipe is increased exponentially, and thermal collecting efficiency of the thermal collecting pipe is high. The novel combined type solar thermal collector is convenient to install and use, high pressure resistant and capable of producing high pressure steam, can not only solve basic problems of washing and bathing, but also solve problems of drinking water and food cooking and is capable of being combined with a floor heater or central heating to use for heating in winter. The most important advantage of the novel combined type solar thermal collector is capable of being installed in a large-scale collection mode to produce the high pressure steam to drive a steam turbine for generating electricity.

Description

新型复合式太阳能集热器 New hybrid solar collector

所属技术领域 Those of skill

[0001] 该实用新型属于一种大截面高温高压内反射聚光集热器。 [0001] The utility model is an in HPHT large section reflector concentrating collectors. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,国内太阳能集热设备不外乎两种:一种是玻璃管式集热管,造价低廉但不能承压运行,集热效果一般,不能把水烧开。 [0002] At present, domestic solar collector device is nothing more than two: one is a glass tube collectors, but not low cost pressure to run, collector general effect, can not boil water. 另一种是平板式太阳能集热板,以进口技术为主, 能承压运行但造价较高,集热效果较高,依旧不能把水烧开。 Another is the flat plate solar collector panels, mainly imported technology, but the cost can run high pressure, high collector effect, still can not boil water. 这两种集热方式存在的局限性在于集热管所接受的光线密度有限,环境温度不高,导致其集热效果一般,因此现在的太阳能热水器只能停留在洗刷洗浴的狭小范围内。 Limitations of these two collectors exists in the way that the limited collector tube accepted light density, the ambient temperature is not high, resulting in the collector general effect, so now the solar water heater can only stay in the wash bath narrow range.

[0003] 国外,已经把太阳能的深层利用作为研究对象,诸如高温高压热能利用和太阳能热力发电,但他们的集热器因整体庞大,聚光面暴露于空气中,容易污染和氧化,热效率低, 造价高,所以得不到实际的推广利用,只是停留在实验的基础上。 [0003] abroad, has put deep use of solar energy as an object of study, such as high temperature and pressure and heat utilization of solar thermal power generation, but their overall due to huge collector, condensing surfaces exposed to the air, easy to pollution and oxidation, low thermal efficiency , high cost, it is not practical to promote the use, just stay on an experimental basis.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 针对现在的太阳能集热器的不足,我们设计了这种新型复合式太阳能集热器。 [0004] insufficient solar collectors for now, we have designed a new composite solar collectors. 其主要设计思路是利用抛物线面的聚焦原理,增加集热管周围的光线密度;利用惰性气体的保护作用减少热量散失和防止反射面氧化的原理设计而成。 The main design idea is to use the principle of focusing parabolic surface, increasing the density of light around the collector tube; protective effect of the inert gas to reduce heat loss and prevent oxidation of the surface reflection principle designed.

[0005] 该实用新型的解决方案是:新型复合式太阳能集热器包括壳体,保温层,反射面, 金属集热管,高强度玻璃板,管路接头,换气嘴。 [0005] The utility model is a solution: the new hybrid solar collector comprises a housing, insulation, reflective surface, a metal collector tube, high-strength glass, pipe joints, ventilation mouth. 壳体是用高强度金属板轧制而成;反射面是利用抛物线面对光线的聚光反射原理制成,规则地置于壳体内;反射面与壳体的夹腔内填充保温材料,形成保温层;集热管是用金属管镀涂集热膜,两端管口焊装管路接头,然后固定在反射面的凹槽中,使反射面的焦点线与集热管的中心线重合,管路接头伸出壳体侧壁, 并焊接严密;壳体侧壁焊装换气嘴;壳体上口密闭封装高强度玻璃板,最后通过换气嘴将壳体内部的空气置换成惰性气体。 Housing is made of high-strength metal rolled plate; reflective surface is the use of concentrating parabolic reflection principle in the face of light made regularly disposed within the housing; a reflecting surface of the housing cavity filled with insulation materials sandwiched form insulation; collector tube is a metal tube or plate collector film, welding pipe joints at both ends of the nozzle, and then fixed in the groove of the reflecting surface, allowing the focus line and the center line of the collector tube reflecting surface coincides tube Road joint protruding housing side wall, and tight welding; welding ventilation nozzle housing side wall; catchy sealed package housing a high strength glass, and finally through the mouth of the ventilation air inside the casing is replaced with an inert gas.

[0006] 当阳光透过玻璃板照射到聚光反射面上,被规则聚焦反射到集热管上,使集热管表面的光线密度大幅增加,其环境温度成倍提高。 [0006] When exposure to the sun through the light-collecting mirror glass surface, is focused on the rule reflected collector tube, so that the light collector surface density increased significantly, the ambient temperature is doubled. 由于反射面有惰性气体的保护,所以不会氧化锈蚀或粘附灰尘,金属集热管两端开口并有管路接头,便于安装使用和水的对流,并且耐高压。 Since the reflective surface with a protective inert gas, so it will not rust or oxidation of adhering dust, metal collector tube open at both ends and a pipe joint, easy to install and use water convection and high pressure.

[0007] 该实用新型的有益效果是:这种新型太阳能集热板集热效率高,便于安装使用,耐高压,能产生高压蒸汽。 [0007] This has the beneficial effect: The new solar panels high collection efficiency, ease of installation, high pressure, can produce high-pressure steam. 不但能够解决洗刷洗浴的基本问题,而且能够解决饮用水和食物蒸煮问题;还可以与地暖或暖气结合使用,用来冬季取暖;最重要的是可以大型集装产生高压蒸汽带动蒸汽轮机用来发电。 Not only can solve the basic problem of washing bath, drinking water and food but also to solve cooking problems; can also be used in combination with floor heating or radiators for heating in winter; the most important thing is to produce high pressure steam large container used to generate electricity to drive a steam turbine .

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 下面结合附图对该实用新型作进一步说明: [0008] the following with reference to the utility model is further described:

[0009] 图1为该实用新型结构示意图[0010] 图2为该实用新型AA剖面图 [0009] FIG. 1 for the utility model structure diagram [0010] FIG. 2 is the AA sectional view of a utility model

[0011] 图中:1管路接头2高强度玻璃板3金属集热管4换气嘴5反射面6壳体7保温 [0011] FIG: 1 2 high strength glass pipe joints metal tube collectors 3 4 5 reflecting surface ventilation nozzle housing 7 6 insulation

Floor

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 新型复合式太阳能集热器包括壳体(6),保温层(7),反射面(5),金属集热管(3), 高强度玻璃板O),管路接头(1),换气嘴G)。 [0012] The new composite solar collector comprises a housing (6), insulating layer (7), the reflecting surface (5), a metal collector tube (3), high-strength glass O), pipe joints (1), ventilation nozzle G). 壳体(6)是用高强度金属板轧制而成;反射面(5)是利用抛物线面对光线的聚光反射原理制成,规则地置于壳体(6)内;反射面(5)与壳体(6)的夹腔内填充保温材料,形成保温层(7);集热管C3)是用金属管镀涂集热膜,两端管口焊装管路接头(1),然后固定在反射面(5)的凹槽中,使反射面(5)的焦点线与集热管(3)的中心线重合,管路接头⑴伸出壳体(6)侧壁,并焊接严密;壳体(6)侧壁焊装换气嘴,壳体(6)上口密闭封装高强度玻璃板O),最后通过换气嘴(4)将壳体(6)内部的空气置换成惰性气体。 The casing (6) is a high-strength rolled metal plate; reflecting surface (5) is the use of converging light reflection parabola face made of the principle, regularly disposed in the housing (6); reflecting surface (5 ) and housing (6) of the clip cavity filled insulation materials, insulation layer is formed (7); collector tube C3) is a metal tube or plate collector film, welding pipe joints at both ends of the nozzle (1), then fixed reflecting surface (5) of the groove, so that the reflecting surface (5) of the focal line and the center line of the heat collecting pipe (3) coincide, pipe joints ⑴ projecting housing (6) side walls, and welded tight; the casing (6) side wall ventilation welding nozzle housing (6) of high-strength glass sealed package catchy O), and finally through the ventilation nozzle (4) to the casing (6) inside air replaced by an inert gas .

[0013] 当阳光透过高强度玻璃板(2)照射到聚光反射面(5)上,被规则聚焦反射到集热管C3)上,使集热管C3)表面的光线密度大幅增加,其环境温度成倍提高。 [0013] When the sun through high-strength glass plate (2) is irradiated to the light-collecting mirror surface (5), is focused to the regular reflection collector tube C3), the collector tube so that C3) a substantial increase in light density on the surface, and its environment temperature doubled. 由于反射面(5) 有惰性气体的保护,所以不会氧化锈蚀或粘附灰尘,金属集热管C3)两端开口并有管路接头(1),便于安装使用和水的对流。 Since (5) with an inert gas to protect the reflective surface, so it will not rust or oxidation of adhering dust, metal collector tube C3) open at both ends and a pipe fitting (1), easy to install and use water convection.

Claims (1)

1.新型复合式太阳能集热器包括壳体、保温层、反射面、金属集热管、高强度玻璃板、管路接头、换气嘴;其特征在于:壳体是用高强度金属板轧制而成;反射面是利用抛物线面对光线的聚光反射原理制成,规则地置于壳体内;反射面与壳体的夹腔内填充保温材料,形成保温层;集热管是用金属管镀涂集热膜,两端管口焊装管路接头,然后固定在反射面的凹槽中,使反射面的焦点线与集热管的中心线重合,管路接头伸出壳体侧壁,并焊接严密;壳体侧壁焊装换气嘴;壳体上口密闭封装高强度玻璃板,最后通过换气嘴将壳体内部的空气置换成惰性气体。 1. The new composite solar collector comprises a housing, insulation, reflective surface, a metal collector tube, high-strength glass, pipe joints, ventilation nozzles; characterized in that: the housing is a high-strength sheet metal rolling made; the reflecting surface is the use of concentrating parabolic face of the principle of light reflection made regularly disposed within the housing; a reflecting surface of the housing cavity filled with insulation materials sandwiched to form the insulation layer; a collector tube is coated with a metal pipe centerline collector film coating, welding pipe joints at both ends of the nozzle, and then fixed in the groove of the reflecting surface, the reflecting surface of the collector pipe line and the focus coincides pipe joints protruding housing side wall, and tight welding; welding ventilation nozzle housing side wall; catchy sealed package housing a high strength glass, and finally through the mouth of the ventilation air inside the casing is replaced with an inert gas.

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102287930A (en) * 2011-08-18 2011-12-21 王学明 Hybrid solar collector
CN104350337A (en) * 2012-05-03 2015-02-11 安益鲁 Solar collector and heat collecting system comprising same

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