CN202134747U - Intelligent socket - Google Patents

Intelligent socket Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202134747U
CN202134747U CN201120194289U CN201120194289U CN202134747U CN 202134747 U CN202134747 U CN 202134747U CN 201120194289 U CN201120194289 U CN 201120194289U CN 201120194289 U CN201120194289 U CN 201120194289U CN 202134747 U CN202134747 U CN 202134747U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
socket
power
mcu
smart jack
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201120194289U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁承福
罗晓曙
宋树祥
黄守麟
韦正丛
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Guangxi Normal University
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Guangxi Normal University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Normal University filed Critical Guangxi Normal University
Priority to CN201120194289U priority Critical patent/CN202134747U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202134747U publication Critical patent/CN202134747U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligent socket which comprises a socket plug, socket jacks, a metering module, a power supply module, an MCU, a display circuit, an arrangement button module, a carrier wave transmit-receive module, a data storage module, a magnetic latching relay, a bidirectional relay driving module, an acousto-optic alarm module and a serial port module. The two wires of the socket plug are directly connected with the metering module, the power supply module, the carrier wave transmit-receive module and the magnetic latching relay. The normal open switch of the magnetic latching relay is connected with the socket jacks. The turn-on and the turn-off of the magnetic latching relay are controlled by the MCU through the control of the bidirectional relay driving module. Information such as socket current, voltage, power, power consumption and the like is displayed by the display circuit. According to the utility model, the control parameters of the socket can be arranged via the button, and the control parameters can also be arranged by a computer which is connected with one socket through electric carrier wave communication networking. The intelligent socket has automatic control and alarm functions, enables the power consumption information to be read, and is convenient in maintenance and flexible in using.

Description

A kind of smart jack
Technical field
The utility model relates to electric energy metrical and power line carrier, PLC technical field, specifically is a kind of smart jack that utilizes low-voltage power line communication, has function of measuring.
Background technology
Traditional function of socket is single, only limits to socket of a regular tap control, when the long-time electrical equipment that surpasses rated power that uses on socket; The life-span of socket is shortened; And too high power, to quicken electric wire easily and wear out, there is the hidden danger that causes fire in the electric wire heating; And the user knows nothing the power information of the electrical appliance that on socket, uses, the electrical power of the electrical appliance of relatively being concerned about such as the user, power consumption, voltage, electric current etc.
Along with the level raising of resident living, various household electrical appliance have got into ordinary citizen house, and the stand-by power consumption of these electrical appliances is very important power consumption factors.People use the custom that does not have unplugg behind the electrical appliance, make the stand-by power consumption of these electrical appliances waste a large amount of energy and money.
In recent years,, occurred some special-purpose smart jacks on the market, and under the electrical appliance ideal case, can cut off the power supply of socket automatically in order to respond the call of national energy-saving and emission-reduction.These sockets are not suitable for the equipment of these long-term standbies such as the router, switch of company and low power consumption.
In addition, also occurred some energy-conservation sockets on the market, had functions such as metering and timing, solve the problem of stand-by power consumption, but these energy-conservation sockets have not had the function of communication, the power information data in the socket can't be transmitted.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model provides a kind of smart jack that utilizes low-voltage power line communication, has function of measuring in order to overcome the defective of above-mentioned prior art.This smart jack has functions such as electric energy metrical, demonstration, setting, timing working, control and warning automatically, clock, power line carrier, PLC, has solved the problems such as metering and transfer of data of socket electricity consumption.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is following:
A kind of smart jack that the utility model provides comprises: socket plug, receptacle sockets, metering module, power module, MCU, display circuit, button, carrier transmitting-receiving module, data storage module, magnetic latching relay, bidirectional relay driver module, sound and light alarm module, serial port module are set; Two lines of socket plug link to each other with metering module, power module, carrier transmitting-receiving module, magnetic latching relay; MCU and data storage module, metering module, display circuit, button, carrier transmitting-receiving module, bidirectional relay driver module, sound and light alarm module, serial port module are set are connected respectively; MCU is through the connecting and disconnecting of control bidirectional relay driver module may command magnetic latching relay; The normal open switch of magnetic latching relay is received receptacle sockets; Thereby make receptacle sockets energising and outage, data storage module can be used for storing socket Control Parameter and power information.
Metering module can be sampled to electric current and the voltage of socket output, generates to comprise power informations such as voltage, electric current, power, power consumption, power factor, and is converted into digital signal and is stored in the memory of computation chip, supplies MCU to extract, store and analysis.
Display circuit can show power informations such as comprising electric current, voltage, power, power consumption on the socket.
The Control Parameter of smart jack can be through being provided with button setting; Button is set to be comprised and function key is set, is provided with and increases key, acknowledgement key is set, wakes key up; The said function key that is provided with is used to select the Control Parameter type that is provided with; Being provided with increases the numerical value that key is used to set the Control Parameter that will be provided with, be provided with acknowledgement key be used for to the Control Parameter that is provided with give up really into, wake key up and be used for breaking off restoring electricity after supplying power when socket.
The Control Parameter of smart jack also can be provided with through computer, also can read the power information that stores in the smart jack through computer simultaneously, and method is the computer expert to be crossed a Serial Port Line link to each other with serial port module.
MCU is through analyzing the power information of collecting; When higher limit that surpass to be provided with when the electric current on the socket or lower limit; Send control signal, break off, thereby make the receptacle sockets outage through bidirectional relay driver module control magnetic latching relay; And control the acousto-optic alarm module by MCU and send audible and visible alarm, cause user's attention.
Utilize the power line carrier, PLC technology to make smart jack possess bi-directional communication function, but make smart jack networking work.MCU in the smart jack can receive the carrier signal on the power line through the carrier transmitting-receiving module; Also can carrier signal be sent on the power line through the carrier transmitting-receiving module; Make as long as one of them smart jack in the networking links to each other with computer; Just can the Control Parameter of other smart jack in the networking is set and read corresponding power information, and unnecessary each smart jack all links to each other with computer through computer.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is:
Have measuring parameter Presentation Functions such as electric weight, electric current, voltage, power, power factor, make things convenient for the user to understand the power information of electrical appliance.
Have automatic control and warning function.When the electrical appliance electric current on the socket is excessive, can cut off the power supply and the function that gives the alarm the life-span of protection power consumption equipment and safe and effective prolong socket automatically.When the electrical appliance on the socket was in standby mode, socket cut off the power supply automatically, reduced the standby power consumption effectively, saves energy and the expenditure that reduces the electricity charge.
Have the timing working of setting function, be user-friendly to the electrical appliance of timing working.
Can link to each other with computer, and can carry out networking, the relevant parameter of socket in the networking is set and read the data message of storage, make socket can be operated in the place that the people is difficult for touching through computer to socket.Utilize the power line carrier, PLC technology, adopting power line is the communications media, does not need additional investment, easy to maintenance.
The Control Parameter of socket can be passed through the button setting, also can pass through the computer setting, and is easy to use flexible.
Through waking key or computer up, can recover the power supply of socket safely again easily.
Can be widely used in family, institutional settings, company, school etc.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is a kind of networking exemplary plot of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the MCU main program workflow diagram of the utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is done further to describe:
As shown in Figure 1; A kind of smart jack that the utility model provides; Comprise: socket plug, receptacle sockets, metering module, power module, MCU, display circuit, button, carrier transmitting-receiving module, data storage module, magnetic latching relay, bidirectional relay driver module, sound and light alarm module, serial port module are set; Two lines of socket plug link to each other with metering module, power module, carrier transmitting-receiving module, magnetic latching relay; MCU and data storage module, metering module, display circuit, button, carrier transmitting-receiving module, bidirectional relay driver module, sound and light alarm module, serial port module are set are connected respectively; MCU is through the connecting and disconnecting of control bidirectional relay driver module may command magnetic latching relay; The normal open switch of magnetic latching relay is received receptacle sockets, thereby makes receptacle sockets energising and outage, and data storage module can be used for storing socket Control Parameter and power information.
Power module provides the working power of 5V for the carrier transmitting-receiving module provides the carrier transmit power supply of 12V for other part.
Metering module comprises current sampling circuit, voltage sampling circuit, computation chip; Computation chip links to each other with current sampling circuit, voltage sampling circuit; Current sampling circuit and voltage sampling circuit are gathered the voltage and current sampled data on the socket; And send into computation chip, and comprise digitized power informations such as voltage, electric current, power, power consumption, power factor by the computation chip generation, be kept in the inner register of computation chip; Current sampling circuit adopts manganese copper diverter, and voltage sampling circuit adopts electric resistance partial pressure.
MCU links to each other with metering module through the SPI interface, through the SPI interface register of computation chip is read or write operation, obtains power information and stores and analyze; The PL3201 that MCU adopts Beijing lucky star journey electronics technology dawn limited company to produce, but but it is the SOC of CMOS manufacturing process of the multi-functional UART of full duplex, built-in 16K bytes E2PROM (electric erasable/able to programme) program storage, built-in 60 bytes E2PROM (electric erasable/able to programme) data storage of a embedded enhancement mode 8051 compatible little processing, built-in spread spectrum communication modulation/demodulation circuit, the real-time clock (RTC) of built-in digitally correcting frequency, built-in two flexible configuration.
Data storage module can store on the socket data of power consumption on a time period, power informations such as socket overcurrent time.
Display circuit is the LCD display circuit, and the device model of employing is LCD12864, is connected with MCU through 2 line serials, 4 parallel-by-bit interface modes, and LCD can show power informations such as the electric current, voltage, power, power consumption, clock of socket.
Button is set has four, and one is provided with function key, and one is provided with added value, and one is provided with acknowledgement key, and one is waken up key.The type that is provided with that function key is used to select to comprise Control Parameter such as timing working time, upper current limit value, lower current limit value, time calibration is set; Press and function key is set on LCD, shows the corresponding setting type in turn; Being provided with increases the numerical value that key is used to set the Control Parameter that will be provided with; Whenever build once the corresponding numerical value that is provided with and increase a unit by being provided with to increase; Be provided with acknowledgement key be used for to the Control Parameter that is provided with give up really into, the back that finishes is set is input to MCU by the acknowledgement key Control Parameter is set.Wake key up and be used for restoring electricity after socket breaks off power supply, after socket broke off power supply, when the user need start socket work, by waking key up, socket recovered normal power supply.
Can link to each other with computer through serial port module; Can comprise higher limit, the lower current limit value of timing working time, power supply, outage, electric current, the setting of the Control Parameter such as calibration of time through computer, also can read the power information that stores in the smart jack through computer.
MCU is through analyzing the power information of collecting; The current value that MCU records according to metering module and the current threshold of setting relatively when the operating current of smart jack surpasses the higher limit of setting, send control signal; Break off through bidirectional relay driver module control magnetic latching relay; Thereby make the receptacle sockets outage, and send alarm signal by MCU, control acousto-optic alarm module sends alarm song rapidly, the LED fast blink on it; When the timing working time of socket to or recognize electrical appliance when being standby mode, MCU controls the acousto-optic alarm module simultaneously and sends three alarm songs and three LED flickers through the power supply of bidirectional relay driver module control magnetic latching relay outlets.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2; Through the power carrier two-way communication; But smart jack networking work; As long as one of them smart jack in the networking links to each other with computer, just can the Control Parameter of the smart jack in the networking is set and read corresponding power information, and unnecessary each smart jack all links to each other with computer through computer.MCU can receive the carrier signal on the power line through the carrier transmitting-receiving module, also can carrier signal be sent on the power line through the carrier transmitting-receiving module, and the transmitting-receiving of carrier signal is carried out with the form of Frame; MCU configuration band spectrum modulation/demodulation working method is an interrupt mode, and the transmitting-receiving carrier signal is handled with interrupt mode.
As shown in Figure 2, all smart jacks in the networking all link to each other with low-voltage power line AC220V, on smart jack, use electrical appliance again, according to the running parameter of the power setting socket of electrical appliance.The key that wakes up by on the socket makes the socket power supply, connects electrical appliance, on LCD, can see the power of this electrical appliance.Power such as the television set on the socket 2 is 100W, and electric current is 455mA, and the Control Parameter that socket 2 then can be set is maximum permissible current 700mA; Minimum current 10mA, socket 2 can cut off the power supply automatically when the television set that uses on the socket 2 surpasses the maximum current that allows, and shows that there is fault in this television set; When the television set of the use on the socket 2 is lower than minimum current 10mA; Show that this television set is in standby mode, socket is outage automatically also, reduces unnecessary power consumption.Socket 3 is to the electric cooker power supply, and the Control Parameter that can be set to socket 3 is the maximum current of timing working time and permission.Socket 4 is to the refrigerator power supply, and the Control Parameter that socket 4 can be set is the maximum current of normal open pattern and permission, makes refrigerator powered operation always.Through the computer on the socket 1, the Control Parameter of socket 1, socket 2, socket 3, socket 4, socket 5 can be set, also can read the power information data of socket 1, socket 2, socket 3, socket 4, socket 5 storages.
As shown in Figure 3; The smart jack MCU main program workflow diagram of the utility model; At first initialization MCU and relevant peripheral hardware power on; Then read the inner time parameter of MCU and the continuous data of metering module, on LCD, show time data and the continuous data of reading then, carry out button processing, data storing, serial ports processing, carrier processing, control and treatment, warning processing at last.

Claims (9)

1. smart jack; Comprise socket plug, receptacle sockets; It is characterized in that: also comprise metering module, power module, MCU, display circuit, button, data storage module, magnetic latching relay, bidirectional relay driver module are set, two lines of socket plug link to each other with metering module, power module, magnetic latching relay, MCU with data storage module, metering module, display circuit, button is set, the bidirectional relay driver module is connected respectively; The normal open switch of magnetic latching relay is received receptacle sockets; Power module provides working power to each several part, and the bidirectional relay driver module is connected with magnetic latching relay, and MCU can be through the connecting and disconnecting of bidirectional relay driver module control magnetic latching relay; Thereby make receptacle sockets energising and outage; Button is set is used to be provided with Control Parameter, metering module is used to the power information of sampling, and data storage module is used to store socket Control Parameter and power information.
2. a kind of smart jack according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: also comprise serial port module, said serial port module links to each other with MCU, is used for and is connected computer; Through computer the Control Parameter of smart jack can be set, also can read the power information that stores in the smart jack through computer.
3. a kind of smart jack according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: also comprise the carrier transmitting-receiving module; Said carrier transmitting-receiving module links to each other respectively with MCU, socket plug; MCU can receive the carrier signal on the power line through the carrier transmitting-receiving module, also can carrier signal be sent on the power line through the carrier transmitting-receiving module.
4. a kind of smart jack according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described metering module comprises current sampling circuit, voltage sampling circuit, computation chip; Said computation chip links to each other with current sampling circuit, voltage sampling circuit, and current sampling circuit and voltage sampling circuit are gathered the voltage and current sampled data on the socket, and send into computation chip; Comprise voltage, electric current, power, power consumption, power factor power information by the computation chip generation, supply MCU to extract.
5. a kind of smart jack according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described current sampling circuit adopts manganese copper diverter, and voltage sampling circuit adopts electric resistance partial pressure.
6. a kind of smart jack according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described display circuit is the LCD display circuit, and the device model of employing is LCD12864, can show power informations such as comprising electric current, voltage, power, power consumption.
7. a kind of smart jack according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the described button that is provided with comprises and function key is set, is provided with and increases key, acknowledgement key is set, wakes key up; The said function key that is provided with is used to select the Control Parameter type that is provided with; Being provided with increases the numerical value that key is used to set the Control Parameter that will be provided with, be provided with acknowledgement key be used for to the Control Parameter that is provided with give up really into, wake key up and be used for breaking off restoring electricity after supplying power when socket.
8. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of smart jacks, it is characterized in that: also include the sound and light alarm module, described sound and light alarm module links to each other with MCU, and it sends chimes of doom and LED warning light by MCU control.
9. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of smart jacks, it is characterized in that: the model of described MCU is PL3201.
CN201120194289U 2011-06-10 2011-06-10 Intelligent socket Expired - Fee Related CN202134747U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102629724A (en) * 2012-04-29 2012-08-08 李良杰 Intelligent socket
CN102891409A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-01-23 旨丰科技有限公司 Power supply connecting device
CN103515811A (en) * 2012-06-21 2014-01-15 深圳市金正方科技有限公司 Charger-based power controllable plug and socket apparatus and its implementation method
CN104485552A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-01 小米科技有限责任公司 Socket on-off control method and device
CN104577548A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-04-29 第一摩码设施设备维护(北京)有限公司 Intelligent socket
CN104597804A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-05-06 柳州市联达科技有限公司 Intelligent switch socket control system
CN105140725A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-09 唐兴春 Intelligent timing socket and control method
CN105390889A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-09 安徽省极索智能科技有限公司 Wireless intelligent socket with power communication coupling and decoupling function
CN105607502A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-05-25 宁波市汇炬电子科技有限公司 Intelligent cloud socket system and control method thereof
CN105610608A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-05-25 小米科技有限责任公司 Method and device for working state prompt of intelligent socket
CN106154860A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 深圳市新国都支付技术有限公司 A kind of intelligent switch and apply the intelligent domestic system of this intelligent switch
CN107123904A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-09-01 相舆科技(上海)有限公司 A kind of intelligent mobile socket
CN107632579A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-01-26 安徽工程大学 A kind of smart home electric power management system based on technology of Internet of things
CN108957066A (en) * 2017-09-08 2018-12-07 上海蜂电网络科技有限公司 A kind of virtual electric meter system
CN109507933A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-03-22 张绍轩 The intelligent socket and its control method of equipment access identification and overcurrent protection

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102629724A (en) * 2012-04-29 2012-08-08 李良杰 Intelligent socket
CN103515811A (en) * 2012-06-21 2014-01-15 深圳市金正方科技有限公司 Charger-based power controllable plug and socket apparatus and its implementation method
CN102891409A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-01-23 旨丰科技有限公司 Power supply connecting device
CN102891409B (en) * 2012-10-29 2016-03-16 旨丰科技有限公司 A kind of for electric connecting device
CN104597804A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-05-06 柳州市联达科技有限公司 Intelligent switch socket control system
CN104485552B (en) * 2014-12-26 2017-05-03 小米科技有限责任公司 Socket on-off control method and device
CN104485552A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-01 小米科技有限责任公司 Socket on-off control method and device
CN104577548A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-04-29 第一摩码设施设备维护(北京)有限公司 Intelligent socket
CN105140725A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-09 唐兴春 Intelligent timing socket and control method
CN105390889A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-09 安徽省极索智能科技有限公司 Wireless intelligent socket with power communication coupling and decoupling function
CN105610608A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-05-25 小米科技有限责任公司 Method and device for working state prompt of intelligent socket
CN105607502A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-05-25 宁波市汇炬电子科技有限公司 Intelligent cloud socket system and control method thereof
CN106154860A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 深圳市新国都支付技术有限公司 A kind of intelligent switch and apply the intelligent domestic system of this intelligent switch
CN106154860B (en) * 2016-08-26 2019-07-02 深圳市新国都支付技术有限公司 A kind of intelligent switch and the smart home system using the intelligent switch
CN107123904A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-09-01 相舆科技(上海)有限公司 A kind of intelligent mobile socket
CN107632579A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-01-26 安徽工程大学 A kind of smart home electric power management system based on technology of Internet of things
CN108957066A (en) * 2017-09-08 2018-12-07 上海蜂电网络科技有限公司 A kind of virtual electric meter system
CN109507933A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-03-22 张绍轩 The intelligent socket and its control method of equipment access identification and overcurrent protection

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Granted publication date: 20120201

Termination date: 20120610