CN202101455U - Solar energy hot water tank - Google Patents

Solar energy hot water tank Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202101455U
CN202101455U CN2011201901774U CN201120190177U CN202101455U CN 202101455 U CN202101455 U CN 202101455U CN 2011201901774 U CN2011201901774 U CN 2011201901774U CN 201120190177 U CN201120190177 U CN 201120190177U CN 202101455 U CN202101455 U CN 202101455U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water tank
hot water
water
solar energy
chuck
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011201901774U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李舒宏
李阳
张小松
杜垲
王金勇
丁一
冯义康
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Southeast University
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Southeast University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Southeast University filed Critical Southeast University
Priority to CN2011201901774U priority Critical patent/CN202101455U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202101455U publication Critical patent/CN202101455U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar energy hot water tank, which is characterized in that the solar energy hot water tank comprises an external bucket (5), an inner container (3) and a jacket (4), wherein the inner container (3) and the jacket (4) are arranged in the external bucket (5); the jacket (4) covers the outer wall of the inner container (3); the outer wall of the inner container (3) is provided with convex grains; and the convex grains are connected with the inner wall of the jacket (4) to form a spiral runner. The solar energy hot water tank also comprises a cold water inlet (7) and a hot water outlet (11), wherein the cold water inlet (7) and the hot water outlet (11) are arranged on a water tank body. According to the solar energy hot water tank, hot water effluent rate is improved, accumulated solar energy is fully utilized, auxiliary energy consumption is reduced, and the purpose of saving energy and optimizing the water tank is realized.

Description

Solar energy hot water tank
Technical field
The utility model is through being made into inner water tank the disturbance that ripple struction strengthens circulatory mediator; Strengthen the indirect heat exchange between circulatory mediator and the domestic water; Hole slot formula cold water water inlet structure is adopted in design simultaneously, and is installing perforated baffle additional above the cold water water inlet He below the hot water outlet, and the mixing of cold and hot water body in the water tank has weakened; Guarantee effectively effluenting of upper strata high-temperature water, belong to solar energy heat utilization field.
Background technology
Current; In the face of increasingly serious energy situation; People in worldwide, extensively propose low-carbon economy, green economy etc. a series of make environmental benefit obviously, Remarkable Energy Saving energy development pattern; Application is the most extensive, the huge regenerative resource of development potentiality and solar energy has become, and the solar water heater industry of relying on the heliotechnics development to form is also flourish.In China, solar water heater has goed deep into huge numbers of families, becomes the advantage equipment of people's living needs, but owing to there is the problem of technical elements, there was defective in the people when solar water heater was worked in the winter time.When the solar radiation weak strength, solar energy heating can not be satisfied people domestic hot-water needs, and the solar energy utilization ratio is not high, need install electrical heating or other assisted heating devices additional and improve water temperature, has consumed mass energy.
Go out flow rate in order to improve water tank hot water, promote the water tank performance, the scientific research personnel has done a large amount of theories and experimental study.People find that after deliberation water body has tangible thermal stratification in the water tank in the accumulation of energy process, and each layer of water body temperature is with highly difference is and different, and TNE UPPER SEA TEMPERATURE is high, and lower floor's water temperature is low.This thermal stratification goes out flow rate to water tank hot water has material impact.When water disturbance in the water tank was big, levels water body mixability was bigger, thermal stratification a little less than, it is less that upper strata hot water goes out flow rate.When water disturbance was more weak in the water tank, levels water body mixability was not obvious, and thermal stratification is remarkable, and it is bigger that upper hot water of water tank goes out flow rate.Therefore, how to effectively reduce that the level of disruption of water body has become the important method of improving water tank usefulness in the water tank.
When increase water tank hot water goes out flow rate, how to optimize cisten mechanism, improve the emphasis that the water tank heat exchange property also becomes people's research.In recent years, experts and scholars have proposed a kind of new-type water tank that around inner water tank, wraps up chuck both at home and abroad.Circulatory mediator gets into chuck from heat collector, and with inner bag in domestic water carry out indirect heat exchange, thereby reach the heating domestic water purpose.Though the water body hygienic issues that the water tank of this structure has avoided direct heat transfer to bring still exists heat exchange insufficient, the problems such as solar energy that waste is accumulated.When circulatory mediator gets into chuck; Because circulatory mediator gravity and chuck resistance problem; Cause circulatory mediator only to carry out heat exchange or flow to delivery port with circulatory mediator fast easily, make the water tank indirect heat exchange insufficient, waste a large amount of heat exchange areas with inner bag one side; A large amount of heats run off, and are unfavorable for the normal use of water tank.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem:The purpose of the utility model is to propose a kind of solar energy hot water tank; Method through adopting water body levels fluid mixability in the heat exchange of strengthening between water tank circulatory mediator and the inner bag domestic water and the water tank that weakens strengthens the water tank heat exchange efficiency; Improve hot water and go out flow rate; Make full use of the solar energy of accumulating, reduce the consumption of auxiliary energy, realize the energy saving optimizing of water tank.
Technical scheme:For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of solar energy hot water tank, and this solar energy hot water tank comprises outer bucket, is arranged on inner bag and chuck in the urceolus; Wherein, The outer wall of chuck parcel inner bag, the outer wall of inner bag is provided with burr, and this burr links to each other with the inwall of chuck; Constitute the helical form runner, this solar energy hot water tank also comprises cold water water inlet and the hot water outlet that is arranged on this tank box.
Preferably, said burr is a wave-like.
Preferably, the degree of convexity of said burr is consistent, and burr closely links to each other with the chuck inwall, constitutes the circulatory mediator runner under the uniform screw.
Preferably, the degree of convexity of said burr is inconsistent, and the big burr of degree of convexity links to each other with the chuck inwall, constitutes the circulatory mediator runner under the screw in the lump with the little burr of a plurality of degree of convexities.
Preferably, chuck wraps up inner bladder outer wall fully.
Preferably, the cold water water inlet place of this water tank is provided with some hole slots.
Preferably, be respectively equipped with porous type overhead gage and porous type lower baffle plate in the cold water water inlet top and the hot water outlet bottom of this water tank.
Beneficial effect:
1. the utility model adopts and to wrap up around the inner bag simultaneously and bottom jacket structured, has not only guaranteed the health of water tank water body, has enlarged heat exchange area simultaneously, has improved solar energy utilization ratio.
2. the utility model has strengthened the disturbance of circulatory mediator through adopting the corrugated inner bag, and the limit medium spins around inner bag and move downward, and strengthens the heat exchange between circulatory mediator and the domestic water, strengthens heat exchange efficiency, has promoted systematic function.
3. the utility model adopts the modified makeup of the imports to reduce the mixability of water tank levels water body; Simultaneously installed a porous type baffle plate additional on water tank cold water inlet top and hot water outlet bottom; Reduced the levels water body between convection current; Further weakened vertical heat exchange of water body in the water tank, the hot water that has improved system goes out flow rate.
4. the utility model has been optimized cisten mechanism, has made full use of the solar energy of accumulating, and can reduce the consumption of auxiliary electric energy.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is first embodiment water tank general assembly drawing of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the water tank general assembly drawing of second embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the water tank bottom front view of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is first embodiment water tank A-A profile of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is first embodiment water tank B-B profile of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is second embodiment water tank C-C profile of the utility model;
Fig. 7 a is the hole slot formula cold water water inlet front view of the utility model water tank;
Fig. 7 b is the hole slot formula cold water water inlet vertical view of the utility model water tank;
Fig. 8 is the porous type lower baffle plate sketch map that the utility model inside installs additional;
Wherein have: capping 14 in capping 2 in top outer seal 1, the top, inner bag 3, chuck 4, outer bucket 5, porous type lower baffle plate 6, hole slot formula modified water inlet 7, circulatory mediator outlet pipe 8, cold water inlet 9, blow-off pipe 10, hot water outlet pipe 11, bottom outer seal 12, chuck capping 13, the bottom, electric heater unit 15, foaming layer 16, temperature tube 17, circulatory mediator water inlet pipe 18, porous type overhead gage 19.
The specific embodiment
The utility model has designed solar energy hot water tank; This water tank has been constructed a kind of novel corrugated shape runner in order to strengthen the indirect heat exchange between circulatory mediator and the domestic water; Improved indirect heat exchange efficient, saved energy consumption, this water tank adopts the novel makeup of the imports and Inlet and outlet water mode simultaneously; Improve water tank hot water and gone out flow rate, promoted systematic function.
The implementation of the utility model is that the inner water tank outer wall is made into corrugated, and closely is connected with chuck, is constructed to the corrugated runner.When circulatory mediator got into chuck, circulatory mediator moved downward along the corrugated channel spiral, finally was enriched in the chuck bottom and exported outflow through circulatory mediator.This structure has strengthened the disturbance of circulatory mediator, guarantees fully heat exchange between circulatory mediator and the domestic water, thereby has maximally utilised the solar energy of accumulating, and has practiced thrift energy consumption, has improved the water tank heat exchanger effectiveness.Simultaneously, the cold water water inlet of this water tank adopts a kind of hole slot formula modified makeup of the imports, and installs a circular porous type baffle plate respectively additional on cold water inlet top and hot water outlet bottom.To the thermal agitation of water body, reduce the mixability of levels water body in motion process when this structural design can effectively reduce low-temperature cold water entering water tank, optimize the water tank thermally stratified layer, the hot water that improves water tank goes out flow rate, the elevator system performance.
Referring to Fig. 1-3, solar energy hot water tank comprises outer barrel 5, is arranged on inner bag 3 and chuck 4 in the urceolus 5; Wherein, The outer wall of chuck 4 parcel inner bags 3, the outer wall of inner bag 3 is provided with burr, and this burr links to each other with the inwall of chuck 4; Constitute the helical form runner, this solar energy hot water tank also comprises the cold water water inlet 7 and hot water outlet 11 that is arranged on this tank box.
Said burr is a wave-like.
The degree of convexity of said burr is consistent, and burr closely links to each other with chuck 4 inwalls, constitutes the circulatory mediator runner under the uniform screw.
The degree of convexity of said burr is inconsistent, and the big burr of degree of convexity links to each other with chuck 4 inwalls, constitutes the circulatory mediator runner under the screw in the lump with the little burr of a plurality of degree of convexities.
Chuck 4 wraps up inner bag 3 outer walls fully.
Cold water water inlet 7 places of this water tank are provided with some hole slots.
Cold water water inlet 7 tops and hot water outlet 11 bottoms at this water tank are respectively equipped with porous type overhead gage 19 and porous type lower baffle plate 6.
The solar energy hot water tank that the utility model provides.On the one hand, the inner bag of this water tank is made into wave structure, and closely links to each other with chuck, constitutes the corrugated channel under the screw.When circulatory mediator got into water tank, the flow direction of corrugated channel limit medium made it spin along inner bag and flows downward; And finally be enriched in bottom the inner bag; Thereby strengthen the heat exchange efficiency of circulatory mediator and domestic water, improve solar energy utilization ratio, thereby reduce the consumption of auxiliary electric energy.On the other hand; The cold water inlet of this water tank is designed to a kind of hole slot formula structure; This structure can effectively reduce the influence of low temperature water inlet to the water body thermal stratification, and this water tank installs a porous type baffle plate respectively additional on cold water water inlet top and hot water outlet bottom simultaneously, and disturbance was less when lower floor's water at low temperature and upper strata high-temperature water were moved upward; Thereby the mixability of reduction levels water body, the hot water that improves water tank goes out flow rate.Promptly cold water water inlet 7 tops of this water tank and hot water outlet 11 bottoms are respectively equipped with porous type overhead gage 19 and porous type lower baffle plate 6.
The utility model is a kind of jacket type solar energy hot water tank with corrugated inner bag and hole slot formula water inlet structure.Like Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, this invention comprises capping 14 in capping 2 in top outer seal 1, the top, inner bag 3, chuck 4, outer bucket 5, porous type lower baffle plate 6, hole slot formula modified water inlet 7, circulatory mediator outlet pipe 8, cold water inlet 9, blow-off pipe 10, hot water outlet pipe 11, bottom outer seal 12, chuck capping 13, the bottom, electric heater unit 15, foaming layer 16, temperature tube 17, circulatory mediator water inlet pipe 18, porous type overhead gage 19.Inner bag 3 is a corrugated.For first embodiment; Circulatory mediator gets into chucks 4 from heat collector through circulatory mediator water inlet pipe 18, and carries out heat exchange with domestic water in the corrugated inner bag 3, and around the uniform runner screw of waviness width current downflow; Flow out water tank through circulatory mediator outlet pipe 8 again, get into the heat collector thermal-arrest.For second embodiment; Circulatory mediator gets into chuck 4 from circulatory mediator water inlet pipe 18; And in the runner that the bigger ripple of width and chuck 4 are formed the screw current downflow; And the less ripple of width has strengthened the disturbance in the circulatory mediator flow process, has strengthened heat exchange, finally flows out water tank through outlet pipe 8.
The utility model adopts the shape of threads mould to roll the food-grade corrosion resistant plate, and it is good and have the corrugated inner bag of cross dip to roll into seal, and this inner bag 3 has two kinds of production programs: a kind of is that the ripple degree of convexity is consistent, like Fig. 1; Another kind is that the ripple degree of convexity is inconsistent, and size is alternate, like Fig. 2.During installation,, need to guarantee that ripple struction closely contacts with the chuck inwall, constitute the corrugated channel of the even width under the screw for first embodiment; For second embodiment, guarantee that the bigger ripple of degree of convexity closely contacts with the chuck inwall, the less ripple of degree of convexity only plays the effect that strengthens disturbance.When circulatory mediator flowed into, the top circulatory mediator was spinned around inner bag along corrugated channel and is moved downward, and finally was enriched between inner bag bottom and the chuck capping, and fully heat exchange is accomplished heat exchange after the circulatory mediator outlet is flowed out.Owing to contact between ripple inner bag and the chuck and just be used for constituting circulatory mediator top-down runner; Therefore leak the heat exchange that can not influence chuck Nell wall and water tank internal water slightly; The processing technology requirement that this reduces jacket water tank greatly can reduce production costs.
The cold water inlet of the utility model is designed to the hole slot formula modified makeup of the imports; The water inlet pipe limit for height is also downwards crooked; It is downward that hole slot flows to vertical base, respectively installs a circular porous type baffle plate additional on water inlet top and hot water outlet bottom simultaneously, and plate washer is welded on the inner bag.When cold water got into inner bag, the hole slot structure can effectively reduce the water inlet disturbance, and lower floor's water body need pass through perforated baffle when moving upward, and had further reduced the hybrid perturbation that water brings on the water tank, helped the thermally stratified layer of water body.When the flow of hot water water tank, the upper strata high-temperature water needs to move upward through perforated baffle, and level of disruption reduces; Reduce between water tank internal upper part hot water and the bottom cold water convection current and mix; Guarantee the independence of each layer water temperature up and down, make the interior water of water tank be the piston flow shape and flow from the bottom up that cold water progressively ejects water tank with hot water; Go out flow rate thereby improved water tank hot water, the elevator system performance.
The chuck of the utility model wraps up around the inner bag and the bottom simultaneously, and foaming layer is adopted and gathered acid esters and load, and uniform in foaming, and each position of outer bucket requires waterproof, and outer seal is stung the seam place and required to play seal glass glue, to guarantee its seal.The assistant heating mode that this invention is provided with is electrical heating, and water tank bottom is provided with sewage draining exit and carries out blowdown, temperature tube is set in the inner bag carries out thermometric.
The utility model realizes strengthening the heat exchange between circulatory mediator and the domestic water through optimizing cisten mechanism; The hybrid perturbation of levels water body in the water tank has simultaneously weakened; Made full use of the solar energy of accumulating; Thereby reduced the consumption of auxiliary electric energy, the hot water that has improved water tank goes out flow rate, has promoted the performance of system.
When the user needs water; Low-temperature cold water gets into water tank through cold water inlet 9 and through hole slot formula modified water inlet 7; Lower floor's water at low temperature moves upward through porous type lower baffle plate 6; The piston-like that in water tank, forms from bottom to top flows, and the upper strata high-temperature water gets into hot water outlet pipe 11 through porous type overhead gage 19 and flows out, and supplies the user to use.
When solar radiation was more weak, water tank started electric heater unit 15 and carries out assistant heating, and this invention is carried out thermometric through 17 pairs of water bodys of temperature tube, carries out blowdown through water body in 10 pairs of water tanks of blow-off pipe.
The above is merely the preferred embodiments of the utility model; The protection domain of the utility model does not exceed with above-mentioned embodiment; As long as the equivalence that those of ordinary skills do according to the utility model institute disclosure is modified or changed, all should include in the protection domain of putting down in writing in claims.

Claims (7)

1. solar energy hot water tank; It is characterized in that: this solar energy hot water tank comprises outer bucket (5), is arranged on inner bag (3) and chuck (4) in the urceolus (5), wherein, and the outer wall of chuck (4) parcel inner bag (3); The outer wall of inner bag (3) is provided with the helical form burr; This burr links to each other with the inwall of chuck (4), constitutes the helical form runner, and this solar energy hot water tank also comprises cold water water inlet (7) and the hot water outlet (11) that is arranged on this tank box.
2. solar energy hot water tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said burr is a wave-like.
3. solar energy hot water tank according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the degree of convexity of said burr is consistent, and burr closely links to each other with chuck (4) inwall, constitutes the circulatory mediator runner under the uniform screw.
4. solar energy hot water tank according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: the degree of convexity of said burr is inconsistent; And the burr that degree of convexity is big links to each other with chuck (4) inwall, constitutes the circulatory mediator runner under the screw in the lump with the little burr of a plurality of degree of convexities.
5. solar energy hot water tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that: chuck (4) wraps up inner bag (3) outer wall fully.
6. solar energy hot water tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the cold water water inlet (7) of this water tank locates to be provided with some hole slots.
7. solar energy hot water tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that: cold water water inlet (7) top and hot water outlet (11) bottom at this water tank are respectively equipped with porous type overhead gage (19) and porous type lower baffle plate (6).
CN2011201901774U 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Solar energy hot water tank Expired - Fee Related CN202101455U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201901774U CN202101455U (en) 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Solar energy hot water tank

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201901774U CN202101455U (en) 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Solar energy hot water tank

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202101455U true CN202101455U (en) 2012-01-04

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102230680A (en) * 2011-06-08 2011-11-02 东南大学 Solar hot water tank
CN103017377A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-04-03 江苏迈能高科技有限公司 Solar split water tank for horizontal wall hanging belt corrugated liner heat exchanger
CN104019680A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-03 江苏云之尚节能科技有限公司 Heat exchanger of heating pump for heating water
CN104501433A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-08 武汉易辰科技有限公司 Jacketed water tank with spiral inner container

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102230680A (en) * 2011-06-08 2011-11-02 东南大学 Solar hot water tank
CN103017377A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-04-03 江苏迈能高科技有限公司 Solar split water tank for horizontal wall hanging belt corrugated liner heat exchanger
CN104019680A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-03 江苏云之尚节能科技有限公司 Heat exchanger of heating pump for heating water
CN104501433A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-08 武汉易辰科技有限公司 Jacketed water tank with spiral inner container

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120104

Termination date: 20120608