CN201962038U - Hydraulic system for hybrid power forklift - Google Patents

Hydraulic system for hybrid power forklift Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201962038U
CN201962038U CN2011200381768U CN201120038176U CN201962038U CN 201962038 U CN201962038 U CN 201962038U CN 2011200381768 U CN2011200381768 U CN 2011200381768U CN 201120038176 U CN201120038176 U CN 201120038176U CN 201962038 U CN201962038 U CN 201962038U
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oil
valve
valve plate
mouth
communicated
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2011200381768U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
温跃清
马庆丰
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Anhui Heli Co Ltd
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Anhui Heli Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a hydraulic system for a hybrid power forklift. The hydraulic system comprises a motor, an oil pump, a multi-way valve and the like, wherein the multi-way valve comprises an oil inlet and return valve plate, a lifting reversal valve plate, an intermediate junction valve plate, an oblique reversal valve plate and an oil inlet valve plate which are connected through pipes; the lifting reversal valve plate is a three-position six-way reversal valve plate, an intermediate channel, a right oil duct and a left oil duct are arranged in the lifting reversal valve plate, and an oil port A1, an oil port Pt and an oil port T2 are externally connected with the lifting reversal valve plate; the intermediate junction valve plate is a transition junction valve plate in which the oil duct is arranged; the oblique reversal valve plate is the three-position six-way reversal valve plate; and an overflow valve, a reversal overflow valve and a priority valve are arranged in the oil inlet valve plate, and an oil port P2, an oil port CF and an oil port Ls are externally connected with the oil inlet valve plate. The hydraulic system converts the potential energy of the goods into the kinetic energy of the hydraulic oil to push a motor to rotate, and the motor drives an electric generator to charge the forklift to achieve the purpose of energy recovery; and experiments show that after the electric forklift adopting the technology is charged for one time, the potential energy recovery efficiency can reach 59.7 percent, the total system recovery efficiency can reach 29.2 percent, and the system energy consumption is reduced by 20 percent.

Description

The hydraulic efficiency pressure system of hybrid power forklift
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the hybrid power forklift technical field, is specifically related to the hybrid power forklift hydraulic efficiency pressure system.
Background technology
In recent years, worldwide under the background to the raising of environmental consciousness, to CO 2The market demand that quantity discharged reduces and fuel cost reduces expedited the emergence of the appearance of hybrid power forklift.So-called hybrid power generally speaking is exactly the power system that a power system that engine system and electric motor system are integrated drives fork truck work, the mode of operation that its control system can be come the automatically regulating hybrid power system along with the concrete operating mode of fork truck has reached the purpose of energy-conservation low row's pernicious gas.
Fork truck be by tackling system finish to the holder of goods get, operation such as lifting, stacking, piling.Fork truck is got in the goods decline process at fork, is to utilize various throttle styles to control the descending speed of weight.In this process, gravitional force all is converted into heat energy by flow regulating valve.Not only temperature elevation in hydraulic system be can cause, the reliability of system and element and the work efficiency of car load influenced.Along with the enhancing gradually of environmental consciousness in the growing tension of international energy supply and the world wide, green, the energy-conservation future development trend that has become every profession and trade technology and product.The development of situation is recognized us: potential energy that these are discarded and hydraulic pressure can recovery and reuse be effective ways of energy-saving and emission-reduction, and especially the fork truck to lifting repeatedly, decline has bigger realistic meaning.In addition, what existing fork truck hydraulic efficiency pressure system turned to employing is the constant-current type part flow system, and consumption of power is big, and system's temperature rise solves these problems so be necessary to design novel hydraulic system.
Summary of the invention
For hydraulic circuit is reclaimed fork truck tackling system potential energy, and adopt the preferential steering swivel system of load sensing to replace the constant-current type steering swivel system, reach energy savings, reduce loss in efficiency, improve the purpose of system effectiveness; The utility model provides a kind of hybrid power forklift hydraulic efficiency pressure system.
Concrete technical solution is as follows:
The hydraulic efficiency pressure system of hybrid power forklift, comprise check valve 1, motor 2, oil pump 3, multiway valve 4, lift oil tank 13, dump ram 14, turn to oil cylinder 15, load sensing deflector 16, oil filter 20, double-united oil pump 21, pilot sequencing valve 22, governor valve 23 and fuel tank 24, connect by pipeline between described each parts.
Wherein multiway valve 4 is the chip multiway valve, comprises oil inlet and oil return valve block 5, lifting Reversing valve plate 6, middle valve block 7, inclination Reversing valve plate 8 and the oil-feed valve block 9 of connecting, and each sheet is connected with nut by three thru-bolts to attach together together.
The oil suction of oil pump 3 communicates with fuel tank 24 by check valve 1, the oil outlet of oil pump 3 communicates with P1 mouth on the oil inlet and oil return valve block 5, be provided with oil inlet and oil return check valve 51 in the oil inlet and oil return valve block 5, the outlet of oil inlet and oil return check valve 51 is provided with two paths, one the road and the oil inlet of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 be communicated with, link to each other with oil return line by meta oil ducts 61 in the lifting Reversing valve plate 6 and the middle valve block 7 interior back oil roads 18 that are connected; Another road is communicated with the import of main safety valve 52, and the outlet of main safety valve 52 communicates with the oil return inlet T of oil return line 1; The oil outlet A1 of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 is connected with first interface of three-way pipe 11, and second interface of three-way pipe 11 is connected with lift oil tank 13 by pipeline 12, and the 3rd interface of three-way pipe 11 links to each other with the control d mouth of pilot sequencing valve 22; The Pt mouth of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 is communicated with the oil inlet a of pilot sequencing valve 22; Double-united oil pump 21 delivery ports are being communicated with the P2 mouth of oil-feed valve block 9, the P2 mouth of oil-feed valve block 9 is divided into two-way by three-way pipe, one the tunnel is being communicated with the import of by pass valve 91, the outlet of by pass valve 91 is being communicated with oil return inlet T 1 by ring shaped oil passage 17, another road is being communicated with pressure-gradient control valve 93, pressure-gradient control valve 93 is communicated with the LS mouth of load sensing deflector 16 by LS signal oil circuit, the CF mouth of pressure-gradient control valve 93 is communicated with the P mouth of load sensing deflector, the EF mouth of pressure-gradient control valve 93 is connected with the oil inlet of inclination Reversing valve plate 8, the meta oil duct 81 of inclination Reversing valve plate 8 is connected with the oil inlet of oil duct 19 with lifting Reversing valve plate 6, and the middle bit port 61 of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 links to each other with oil return inlet T 1 with the middle back oil road 18 that is connected valve block 7; The oil outlet A2 of inclination Reversing valve plate 8 is connected with rod chamber with dump ram 14 rodless cavities respectively with oil outlet B2; Being provided with inner draining road T2 in the lifting Reversing valve plate 6 directly communicates with fuel tank 24.
Described pilot sequencing valve 22 is the two-bit triplet pilot operated valve device, and its b mouth is communicated with the oil inlet of oil pump 3, and its c mouth communicates with fuel tank 24 by governor valve 23.
Described multiway valve is provided with a main safety valve 52 in oil inlet and oil return valve block 5, to limit the maximum working pressure of oil pump 3; Described oil-feed valve block 9 is built-in with by pass valve 91 and turns to by pass valve 92, and by pass valve 91 plays level pressure overflow effect in the hydraulic efficiency pressure system of hybrid power forklift; Turn to an end of by pass valve 91 to communicate with LS signal oil circuit, the other end communicates with oil return inlet T 1 by ring shaped oil passage 17.
Useful technique effect of the present utility model embodies in the following areas:
1. the utility model is converted into hydraulic oil kinetic energy with the potential energy of goods, promote the motor rotation, and motor drives electrical generator to Vehicular charging, reaches the purpose of energy recovery; Proof adopts the batter fork lift truck of this technology once to charge by experiment, and the potential energy organic efficiency can reach 59.7%, and the system recoveries net effciency can reach 29.2%; System energy consumption reduces by 20%.
2. hoist and the generating two states that descends, motor rotation direction unanimity makes electrical equipment control simple and convenient reliable.
3. hoist and descend to generating electricity and all realize that by manual control multiway valve lifting valve rod do not need to increase control element, simple to operation, cost is low.
4. the integrated degree height of system element (the most of control element in the system all is integrated in the multiway valve), compact conformation, piping layout is succinct, and cost is low.
5. adopt load sensing type priority traffic control cock to substitute constant-current type flow divider valve in the existing multiway valve, make flow become controlled variable, eliminate the loss in efficiency that constant current causes, thereby reduce degradation of energy, improve system effectiveness.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is a multiway valve front view of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is a multiway valve schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is that the A of Fig. 2 is to view.
Fig. 5 is that the B of Fig. 2 is to view.
Among the upper figure: 1. connect valve block 8. inclined reversing valve sheets 81. meta oil ducts 9. oil-feed valve blocks 91. overflow valves 92. in the check valve 2. motors 3. oil pumps 4. banked direction control valves 5. oil inlet and oil return valve blocks 51. oil inlet and oil return check valves 52. main safety valves 6. lifting Reversing valve plates 61. in the middle of 63. left oil ducts of 62. right oil ducts of bit port 7. and turn to overflow valve 93. pressure-gradient control valves 10. pressure oil circuit controls 11. three-way pipes 12. pipelines 13. lift oil tanks 14. dump rams 15. steering cylinders 16. load sensing steering gears 17. banked direction control valves ring shaped oil passages 18. back oil roads 19. oil ducts 20. oil filters 21. double-united oil pumps 22. pilot sequencing valves 23. governor valves 24. fuel tanks.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described by embodiment.
Embodiment:
Referring to Fig. 1, the hydraulic efficiency pressure system of hybrid power forklift comprises check valve 1, motor 2, oil pump 3, multiway valve 4, lift oil tank 13, dump ram 14, turns to oil cylinder 15, load sensing deflector 16, oil filter 20, double-united oil pump 21, pilot sequencing valve 22, governor valve 23 and fuel tank 24, connects by pipeline between described each parts.Wherein multiway valve 4 is the chip multiway valve, sees Fig. 2, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, comprises oil inlet and oil return valve block 5, lifting Reversing valve plate 6, middle valve block 7, inclination Reversing valve plate 8 and the oil-feed valve block 9 of connecting, and each sheet is connected with nut by three thru-bolts to attach together together.
Described multiway valve is provided with oil inlet and oil return check valve 51 and main safety valve 52 in oil inlet and oil return valve block 5, outer oil-collecting hole has P1 and oil return inlet T 1; Described lifting Reversing valve plate 6 is three six-way transfer valve sheets, bit port 61, right position oil duct 62, position, left side oil duct 63 in being built-in with, and outer oil-collecting hole has A1, Pt and T2; Connecting valve block 7 in the middle of described is that a transition connects valve block, is built-in with oil duct; Described inclination Reversing valve plate 8 is three six-way transfer valve sheets, is built-in with meta oil duct 81, and outer oil-collecting hole has A2 and B2.Described oil-feed valve block 9 is built-in with by pass valve 91, turns to by pass valve 92 and pressure-gradient control valve 93, and outer oil-collecting hole has P2, CF and Ls mouth.
The oil suction of oil pump 3 communicates with hydraulic reservoir 24 by check valve 1, the oil outlet of oil pump 3 communicates with P1 mouth on the oil inlet and oil return valve block 5, see Fig. 3, be provided with oil inlet and oil return check valve 51 in the oil inlet and oil return valve block 5, the outlet of oil inlet and oil return check valve 51 is provided with two paths, one the road and the oil inlet of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 be communicated with, is connected valve block 7 interior back oil roads 18 with the centre by the middle bit ports 61 in the lifting Reversing valve plate 6 and links to each other with oil return line; Another road is communicated with the import of main safety valve 52, and the outlet of main safety valve 52 communicates with the oil return inlet T of oil return line 1; The oil outlet A1 of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 is connected with first interface of three-way pipe 11, and second interface of three-way pipe 11 is connected with lift oil tank 13 by pipeline 12, and the 3rd interface of three-way pipe 11 links to each other with the control d mouth of pilot sequencing valve 22; The Pt mouth of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 is communicated with the oil inlet a of pilot sequencing valve 22; Double-united oil pump 21 delivery ports link to each other with pressure-gradient control valve 93 after by the P2 mouth on the oil-feed valve block 9, pressure-gradient control valve 93 is communicated with the LS of load sensing deflector 16 by LS signal oil circuit, the CF mouth of pressure-gradient control valve 93 is communicated with the P mouth of load sensing deflector 16, the EF mouth of pressure-gradient control valve 93 is connected with the oil inlet of inclination Reversing valve plate 8, the meta oil duct 81 of inclination Reversing valve plate 8 is connected with the oil inlet of oil duct 19 with lifting Reversing valve plate 6, and the meta oil duct 61 of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 links to each other with oil return line with the middle back oil road 18 that is connected in the valve block 7; The oil outlet A2 of inclination Reversing valve plate 8 and oil outlet B2 are communicated with dump ram 14 rodless cavities and rod chamber respectively; Being provided with inner draining road T2 in the lifting Reversing valve plate 6 directly communicates with fuel tank.
Pilot sequencing valve 22 is the two-bit triplet pilot operated valve device, and its b mouth is communicated with the oil inlet of oil pump 3, and its c mouth communicates with fuel tank by governor valve 23; Described pilot sequencing valve about 22 minutes two, when the state of position, a left side, a mouth communicates with the c mouth; When the state of right position, a mouth communicates with the b mouth.
Multiway valve is provided with a main safety valve 52 in oil inlet and oil return valve block 5, to limit the maximum working pressure of oil pump 3; Described oil-feed valve block 9 is built-in with by pass valve 91 and turns to by pass valve 92, and by pass valve 91 plays level pressure overflow effect in the hydraulic efficiency pressure system of hybrid power forklift; Turn to an end of by pass valve 92 to communicate with LS signal oil circuit, the other end communicates with oil return inlet T 1 by ring shaped oil passage 17.
Principle of work:
When fork truck hoisted, double pump is fuel feeding simultaneously.Oil pump 3 is by check valve 1 oil suction from fuel tank 24, the pressure oil of output is by the P1 mouth of multiway valve 4, enter the oil inlet of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 through oil inlet and oil return check valve 51, pass through the pressure oil interflow of the P2 mouth of multiway valve 4 with double-united oil pump 21 to the oil inlet of lifting Reversing valve plate 6, an oil duct 62 enters lift oil tank 13 by three-way pipe 11 and pipeline 12 through the right position of lifting Reversing valve plate 6, realizes the door frame action that hoists.
Descend to dividing unloaded and have and carry two kinds of operating mode introductions: because the unloaded energy shortage mechanical wear in bucking-out system that descends and reclaim, so in system, be provided with pilot sequencing valve 22, the break-make of pressure control oil circuit 10 pilot sequencing valves 22 that drawn by the cylinder bottom of lift oil tank 13, the control presssure size is set according to the system load size.When control presssure that the cylinder bottom pressure of lift oil tank 13 is set less than pilot sequencing valve 22, operate lifting Reversing valve plate 6 is to position, a left side, the pressure oil of the cylinder bottom output of lift oil tank 13 passes through position, left side oil duct 63 to Pt mouths by three-way pipe 11 first interfaces through the A1 of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 mouth, through left a mouth and c mouth of pilot sequencing valve 22, again through governor valve 23 oil sump tanks 24.When control presssure that the cylinder bottom pressure of lift oil tank 13 is set greater than pilot sequencing valve 22, pilot sequencing valve 22 commutations are to right position; The pressure oil of lift oil tank 13 outputs arrives the oil suction of oil pump 3 through the right position oil duct (at this moment a mouth communicates with the b mouth) of Pt mouth and pilot sequencing valve 22 by lifting Reversing valve plate 6, because check valve 1 is unidirectional by effect, pressure oil from lift oil tank 13 enters oil pump 3, at this moment oil pump 3 becomes the HM Hydraulic Motor operating mode, drive motor 2 and rotate, make motor 2 become the electrical generator operating mode, electrical generator sends, fast storage battery is charged, realize energy recovery.The suction capacity of the unlatching of check valve 1 design pressure≤16kPa(oil pump 3 wherein), could guarantee that pump effectively works.
Do not work when hoisting, tilt and when turning to work, the pressure oil of oil pump 3 outputs is by the back oil road 18 of middle bit port 61 in the centre connects valve block 7 of lifting Reversing valve plate 6 and oil sump tank after oil return inlet T 1 links to each other.Be divided into two parts from the pressure oil of the double-united oil pump 21 output pressure-gradient control valve 93 of P2 mouth through oil-feed valve block 9 by multiway valve 4, a part is preferentially assigned to the load sensing deflector 16 of fork truck from the CF mouth of pressure-gradient control valve 93, promotion turns to turning to of oil cylinder 15 control car bodies, the inclination Reversing valve plate 8 of another part from the EF mouth of pressure-gradient control valve 93 to multiway valve 4 is with the action of control forklift door frame anteversion and retroversion.
When fork truck hoisted and tilt the requirement of (or turning to) joint operation, only for hoisting, the pressure oil of double-united oil pump 21 outputs supplied inclination or turns to the pressure oil of oil pump 3 outputs, and action is not interfered each other.
When lifting and inclination (or turning to) are not worked, when valve rod is in center position, the pressure oil of the pressure oil of oil pump 3 output and double-united oil pump 21 outputs is behind the oil inlet interflow of lifting Reversing valve plate 6, by the back oil road 18 of the middle bit port 61 in the lifting Reversing valve plate 6 in the centre connects valve block 7 and oil sump tank after oil return inlet T 1 links to each other.

Claims (1)

1. the hydraulic efficiency pressure system of hybrid power forklift, comprise check valve (1), motor (2), oil pump (3), multiway valve (4), lift oil tank (13), dump ram (14), turn to oil cylinder (15), load sensing deflector (16), oil filter (20), double-united oil pump (21), pilot sequencing valve (22), governor valve (23) and fuel tank (24), connect by pipeline between described each parts; It is characterized in that:
Wherein multiway valve (4) is the chip multiway valve, comprise that oil inlet and oil return valve block (5), lifting Reversing valve plate (6), centre connect valve block (7), inclination Reversing valve plate (8) and oil-feed valve block (9), each sheet is connected with nut by three thru-bolts to attach together together;
The oil suction of oil pump (3) communicates with fuel tank (24) by check valve (1), the oil outlet of oil pump (3) communicates with P1 mouth on the oil inlet and oil return valve block (5), be provided with oil inlet and oil return check valve (51) in the oil inlet and oil return valve block (5), the outlet of oil inlet and oil return check valve (51) is provided with two paths, one the road and the oil inlet of lifting Reversing valve plate (6) be communicated with, link to each other with oil return line by meta oil duct (61) in the lifting Reversing valve plate (6) and the middle interior back oil road (18) of valve block (7) that is connected; Another road is communicated with the import of main safety valve (52), and the outlet of main safety valve (52) communicates with the return opening (T1) of oil return line; The oil outlet (A1) of lifting Reversing valve plate (6) is connected with first interface of three-way pipe (11), second interface of three-way pipe (11) is connected with lift oil tank (13) by pipeline (12), and the 3rd interface of three-way pipe (11) links to each other with the control d mouth of pilot sequencing valve (22); The Pt mouth of lifting Reversing valve plate (6) is communicated with the oil inlet a of pilot sequencing valve (22); Double-united oil pump (21) delivery port is being communicated with the P2 mouth of oil-feed valve block (9), the P2 mouth of oil-feed valve block (9) is divided into two-way by three-way pipe, one the tunnel is being communicated with the import of by pass valve (91), the outlet of by pass valve (91) is being communicated with return opening (T1) by ring shaped oil passage (17), another road is being communicated with pressure-gradient control valve (93), pressure-gradient control valve (93) is communicated with the LS mouth of load sensing deflector (16) by LS signal oil circuit, the CF mouth of pressure-gradient control valve (93) is communicated with the P mouth of load sensing deflector, the EF mouth of pressure-gradient control valve (93) is connected with the oil inlet of inclination Reversing valve plate (8), the meta oil duct (81) of inclination Reversing valve plate (8) is connected with the oil inlet of oil duct (19) with lifting Reversing valve plate (6), and the middle bit port (61) of lifting Reversing valve plate (6) links to each other with return opening (T1) with the middle back oil road (18) that is connected valve block (7); The oil outlet (A2) of inclination Reversing valve plate (8) is connected with rod chamber with dump ram (14) rodless cavity respectively with oil outlet (B2); Being provided with inner draining road (T2) in the lifting Reversing valve plate (6) directly communicates with fuel tank (24);
Described pilot sequencing valve (22) is the two-bit triplet pilot operated valve device, and its b mouth is communicated with the oil inlet of oil pump (3), and its c mouth communicates with fuel tank (24) by governor valve (23);
Described multiway valve is provided with a main safety valve (52) in oil inlet and oil return valve block (5), to limit the maximum working pressure of oil pump (3); Described oil-feed valve block (9) is built-in with by pass valve (91) and turns to by pass valve (92), and by pass valve (91) plays level pressure overflow effect in the hydraulic efficiency pressure system of hybrid power forklift; Turn to an end of by pass valve (91) to communicate with LS signal oil circuit, the other end communicates with return opening (T1) by ring shaped oil passage (17).
CN2011200381768U 2011-02-15 2011-02-15 Hydraulic system for hybrid power forklift Expired - Lifetime CN201962038U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200381768U CN201962038U (en) 2011-02-15 2011-02-15 Hydraulic system for hybrid power forklift

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200381768U CN201962038U (en) 2011-02-15 2011-02-15 Hydraulic system for hybrid power forklift

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CN201962038U true CN201962038U (en) 2011-09-07

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102134048A (en) * 2011-02-15 2011-07-27 安徽合力股份有限公司 Hydraulic system of hybrid power forklift
CN102616705A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-08-01 安徽合力股份有限公司 Energy-saving forklift hydraulic system with energy recovery function
US9482248B2 (en) 2012-04-28 2016-11-01 Anhui Heli Co., Ltd Energy regeneration type forklift hydraulic system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102134048A (en) * 2011-02-15 2011-07-27 安徽合力股份有限公司 Hydraulic system of hybrid power forklift
CN102134048B (en) * 2011-02-15 2012-10-10 安徽合力股份有限公司 Hydraulic system of hybrid power forklift
CN102616705A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-08-01 安徽合力股份有限公司 Energy-saving forklift hydraulic system with energy recovery function
US9482248B2 (en) 2012-04-28 2016-11-01 Anhui Heli Co., Ltd Energy regeneration type forklift hydraulic system

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20110907

Effective date of abandoning: 20121010