Contrast accompanying drawing below, by description to embodiment, to effect and operation principle, the manufacturing process of the mutual alignment between the shape of embodiment of the present utility model such as related each member, structure, the each several part and annexation, each several part and manipulate method etc., be described in further detail, inventive concept of the present utility model, technical scheme had more complete, accurate and deep understanding to help those skilled in the art.
The of the present utility model structure expressed as Fig. 1, the utility model are that power distribution network is dispatched intelligent anti-error real-time management system, and described power distribution network comprises traffic department, operation department, and connect by local area network (LAN) 10; The controller switching equipment of described operation department mainly comprises switching station 14, ring main unit 17, cable branch box 18.
Above-described local area network (LAN) 10 is provided with printer 11 also as required.
One, basic technology of the present utility model:
The power distribution network scheduling is anti-error to be an emerging field, compares with traditional power plant, transformer station's anti-error locking system, and its technical development has following trend:
1, anti-error by single station to multistation, anti-error, the anti-error evolution of network of multioperation unit associations;
2, the situation of manual entry logical formula can not satisfy actual requirement, needs to seek the method that generates anti-error logic rules automatically;
3, no longer be a single anti-error system, but possessed multiple sophisticated functions simultaneously, such as operational management, operation order management, Work Process Management, network operating condition monitoring, emulation preview etc.;
4, need the device type of locking various, number of devices is huge, many aspects such as power system capacity, system maintenance, closedown mode are had higher requirement;
5, pay attention to the system integration, emphasize information interaction and data sharing; Can unite use in a plurality of departments, can be used with multiple systems;
6, in electric anti-misoperation, by the single task mode of operation in past gradually to concurrent operations mode development multi-level, multitask.
From domestic application present situation, exist the system of close relation that following three classes are arranged technically with power distribution network scheduling anti-error system:
1, " five is anti-" system:
Tradition " five anti-" function is mainly used in power plant, transformer station or concentrator station, can only do to prevent electric misoperation in arriving at a station, and can not carry out station-to-station error prevention, uses so can not directly move in the power distribution network anti-error system, mainly is subjected to the restriction of the following aspects:
(1), can only handle single station system and limited several substation systems, can not extensively insert power supply units such as switching station, ring main unit, feeder pillar, more can not insert distribution line equipment (as on-pole switch etc.).
(2) can only carry out anti-false judgment to station equipment, can not fine solution station between matching problem, can't handle similar switching station and circuit fully and cooperate this class challenge.
(3) only possess basic " five is anti-" function, comprehensive anti-error scheme can not be provided: as can not providing prompting, can not involutive ring/open loop etc. provide prompting etc. the operation of large-area power-cuts.
(4) anti-error rule base typing complexity is not suitable for a lot of applicable cases of this equipment of distribution network system.
(5) operational mode is single, can not satisfy the requirement that power distribution network traffic department, power distribution network operation department, a plurality of departments of line maintenance department use simultaneously.
2, power distribution network dispatch automated system:
Dispatch automated system is a source with equipment " two is distant " information gathering, in conjunction with " remote control " on-the-spot " switch " or " circuit breaker " managed and operate, provide functions such as state estimation, trend calculating simultaneously, for the operation of power distribution network provides a great help.
But the equipment in the power distribution network is mostly based on manual handling equipment, and it is not in the acquisition range of distribution automation system, and simultaneously, than higher, popularize fully in power distribution network also needs the quite a while to the power distribution network dispatch automated system to the requirement of communication.
Have the part distribution automation system also to possess part " anti-error " function at present, but its anti-error function is " soft anti-error ", does not accomplish forced blocking, and anti-error object is primarily aimed at " switch " and " circuit breaker ", does not accomplish anti-error comprehensively.
3, operation ticket management system:
In fact this type systematic should be classified as the mis system category, and these systems just develop at e-ticketing, the management of power distribution network scheduling operation instruction ticket.The function that does not possess electric anti-error and device latchup can not satisfy the demand of the anti-error management system of power distribution network.
Two, the technical scheme that the utility model proposes:
In order to solve the problem that exists at the described present known technology of this specification background technology part and to overcome its defective, the generation of power distribution network mistuning degree, misoperation fault is stopped in realization, and the operation order and the workflow of power distribution network scheduling carried out electronic management, improve the goal of the invention of work quality and efficient, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is:
As shown in Figure 1, this power distribution network that the utility model provides is dispatched intelligent anti-error real-time management system, and described traffic department is provided with the anti-error main frame 2 of traffic department; Described operation department is provided with the anti-error main frame 1 of operation department.
Develop fast for adapting to urban power distribution network, guarantee power distribution network safety, reliability service, improve the management of power distribution network operations specification, improve the needs of power distribution network power supply quality and service, management system utilization modern communications and network technology that the utility model provides, graph simulation, technology such as electric power control and anti-misoperation locking, according to relevant electric power safety operational management standard, administrative standard and workflow requirement, utilization integrated design theory, integrated power distribution network scheduling is anti-error, the power distribution network operation is anti-error, force five-defence block, the power distribution network operational management, the full operating condition monitoring of power distribution network, emulation training, the operation order management, Work Process Management, the expert system of making out an invoice, numerous functions such as the interior WEB issue of power distribution network real-time graph local area network (LAN), solve the operational management problem of whole distribution network system, reduce to greatest extent and produce the mistuning degree, the possibility of misoperation, at the work load that alleviates power distribution network scheduling (operation) personnel simultaneously, improve work quality and efficient, fundamentally guarantee power distribution network, equipment, the safety of the person.
The anti-error main frame 1 of described operation department is connected with local computing key 3 by local transmission adaptor 4.
The anti-error main frame 2 of described traffic department is connected with distribution automation system 12.
Described local area network (LAN) 10 is connected with public network 9 by master server 5.
On the signal line between described master server 5 and the public network 9, establish physical isolation apparatus 6.
On the signal line between described physical isolation apparatus 6 and the public network 9, establish cdma network interconnected server 7.
On the signal line between described cdma network interconnected server 7 and the public network 9, establish radio CDMA modulator-demodulator 8.
At described public network 9 is the CDMA public network.
CDMA public network subpoena among the figure partly illustrates: the CDMA public network is that the special VPN that sets up is virtual special, this network and the external world isolate fully, and the transfer of data of being carried out through CDMA public network and the anti-error work station of each power distribution network can effectively guarantee the fail safe and the real-time of whole system.
The controller switching equipment of described operation department is provided with power distribution network lockset 19.
Be provided with removable computer key 20 in described operation department, described removable computer key 20 uses as mobile operating terminal.
Management system of the present utility model is by main website power distribution network anti-error system software, computer key (wireless, wired two kinds), local transmission adaptor and be installed on all kinds of locking locksets of switching station, ring main unit, cable branch box and cdma network constitutes, and can realize online locking and off-line blocking function.During practical application, possessing simulated operation on the figure that improves topological logic and equipment real-time status, accurately form dispatch command ticket or operation order efficiently, after computer key receives operation order, when the various off-line lockset of artificial local operation, have only correctly to detect the global unique RFID identification code that is installed in the various locksets, just open its blocking mechanism, and the local operation of switch also will detect its actual operating current.Thereby so soft, hardware closedown mode all linked with one another can effectively be realized the anti-error of power distribution network.
Power distribution network is dispatched intelligent anti-error real-time management system based on electric company's office local area network (LAN) operation, and work station mainly is made up of two parts:
1, power distribution network is dispatched anti-error work station:
Major function is by the operation of power distribution network scheduling operator on duty graphic simulation, forms the dispatch command ticket and the dispatch command ticket is issued to power distribution network operation end by local area network (LAN); Keep communication simultaneously with the power distribution network dispatch automated system.With the power distribution network dispatch automated system with the serial mode communication, receive in real time ground and transfer each transformer station in the compass of competency to go out the remote signalling state and the telemetry of wiretap.
2, power distribution network moves anti-error work station:
Major function is by the operation of power distribution network operation operator on duty graphic simulation, forms the electric switching operation ticket.Computer key can receive grid switching operation bill by this locality or cdma wireless mode, the distribution operations staff operates to field sequential according to the grid switching operation bill step that computer key receives, just can realize basic " five is anti-" function, realize on-the-spot risk control, and current operating result is implemented passback.Described " five is anti-" function is: prevent that mistake from dividing, mistake is closed circuit breaker; Prevent that on-load from drawing, closing isolating switch; Prevent charged extension (closing) earth connection (ground connection disconnecting link); Prevent to be with earth connection (ground connection disconnecting link) to run pass (isolating switch) jointly; Prevent mistakenly entering charged chamber.
These two parts are the independence of each self-sustaining operational term both, can keep the contact of equipment state and figure again synchronously, guarantees realtime uniform, satisfies the needs of graphic simulation and topological logic at any time.
Anti-error, the numerous functions such as the power distribution network operation is anti-error, pressure five-defence block, power distribution network operational management, the full operating condition monitoring of power distribution network, emulation training, operation order management, Work Process Management, the expert system of making out an invoice, the interior WEB issue of power distribution network real-time graph local area network (LAN) of power distribution network scheduling that the utility model is integrated
Management system of the present utility model is the core organic integration with system of transformer station " five is anti-", power distribution network dispatch automated system, power distribution network operation ticket management system with " comprehensive intelligent chemoprevention mistake ", provides power distribution network to dispatch the total solution of anti-error management.Mainly by power distribution network anti-error system master server, respectively use work station, intelligent anti-error real-time management software, computer key (wireless, wired two kinds), transmission adaptor and be installed on switching station, ring main unit,, all kinds of locking locksets and physical isolation apparatus, radio CDMA modulator-demodulator and the cdma network of cable branch box constitute.
Anti-error system software shows the information of whole power distribution network equipment in the power supply compass of competency, comprises all winding diagrams of power distribution network operational outfits such as cable, disconnecting link, switch, insurance, ring main unit, cable branch box, overhead transmission line.
When operation (scheduling) personnel carry out simulated operation by the distribution network system winding diagram on anti-error main frame, anti-error main frame uses topological analysis, according to the factor that flows to of current device state present situation, power supply point etc. integrated logic is carried out in simulation preview operation and judge,, then pass through if meet anti-error rule; If violate anti-error rule, then this operation is alarmed with literal and two kinds of forms of sound, the prompting user reexamines the action-item content.The simulation preview finishes the back and generates correct operation order, and operation order is transferred to computer key by infrared, wireless mode, after computer key receives operation order, when the various off-line lockset of artificial local operation, have only and correctly detect the global unique RFID identification code that is installed in the various locksets, just open its blocking mechanism, and the local operation of switch, also to detect its actual operating current, the result that computer key will be operated automatically after operation is finished is back to anti-error system in real time by wireless mode, guarantees that system data is consistent with field apparatus.Thereby soft, hardware closedown mode all linked with one another can effectively be realized the anti-error of power distribution network.
System database uses SQL2000, and the network architecture is a C/S model, and development platform is .NET.
Three, overall goal of the present utility model:
(1), the intelligent decision of Network Basedization
The utility model proposes the notion of " intelligent network is anti-error in real time ", based on the figure network topology, consider a problem from the angle of whole power distribution network, solve tradition " five is anti-" and can only prevent the electric misoperation function in the part, cooperate anti-error problem between can not standing, the notion of " five is anti-" is extended in the scheduling operation, the dispatcher carries out graphic simulation and orders on the graphical interfaces of anti-error main frame, system carries out anti-error inspection to dispatching comprehensive instruction, if violate the anti-error rule of electric power operation, system can forbid the simulation of this comprehensive instruction, with literal and two kinds of form prompting users of sound, makes dummy instruction invalid; If correct, then generate corresponding dispatch command item.Simulation finishes, if errorless, generates corresponding dispatch command ticket, guarantees that any instruction under the power distribution network dispatching office is accurate, timely.
(2), upgrade synchronously based on wireless transmission data
The operation Network Based of this management system, data are shared on master server.
Can build a plurality of clients such as power distribution network scheduling, distribution operation (operation) class, maintenance crew.Every dispatch command, work ticket, operation order etc. can be realized on-the-spot subpoena in real time and passback in real time by office local area network (LAN) and wireless technology.
Communication interface is realized the solid interface with the Distributing Network GIS system, realizes figure and data sharing, the maintenance efficiency of raising figure and data and correctness, consistency.Simultaneously, adopt the cdma wireless communication mode, realize that scheduling and field data are synchronous fast, guarantee the reliability of data, solve thoroughly that power distribution network equipment disperses, fast quick-recovery send electricity to wait realistic problem slowly under the complicated operation situation.
(3), based on the management and control of standardized scheduling overall process
Power distribution network operation, service work have the requirement that is different from voltage levels transformer station, it needs the power distribution network scheduling that a plurality of departments are carried out cooperative scheduling, the person of being made us is many, be subjected to that order is frequent, the person's of being made us operation is mobile big, all kinds of controller switching equipments: quantity such as switching station, ring main unit, feeder pillar, circuit (cable), power distribution room and device category are more, the complicated network structure.
Can realize dispatching the standardized management and control of overall process by this management system:
1, with anti-error centralized management such as each operating management department such as scheduling, operation, operation, maintenance in the distribution network, undertaken by the assigned work flow process.Concentrated anti-error, scatter operation is fit to the basic demand of existing distribution operational management pattern.
2, at distribution network figure wiring complexity, change soon, characteristics such as easy care not, the utilization power distribution network mode of connection is carried out the anti-error mode of graph topology automatically, has solved power distribution network scheduling, operation, the incorporate anti-error requirement of maintenance.
3, have multiple operation order (comprising dispatch command ticket, grid switching operation bill) mode of making out an invoice and multiple simulation preview and anti-error mode, replace traditional craft to write ticket, the overall process that has really realized plan ticket-audit-implementation and supervision is anti-error, and the safety verification technological means is standard more.
4, satisfy the anti-error requirement of the complicated modes of connection such as the comparatively complicated ring network power supply of power distribution network, power supply hand in hand, the power supply of many power supply points, for large tracts of land mistakenly stop electricity, responsible consumer, high-risk user protect electricity, cyclization, the issuable mistuning degree of power distribution network such as the anti-error prompting of operation of unlinking provides the effective technical means prevention and controls.
5, on-the-spot controller switching equipment uses multiple locking lockset and unlocking operation mode, satisfies the requirement of electric power system effective in decades " two tickets, three systems " operational administrative system fully.
Four, key problem in technology and innovative point:
System of the present utility model adopts network topology analysis and logical formula to judge the anti-false judgment mode of replenishing mutually.Need not the logical formula at concrete equipment typing complexity, the master data of most of function all derives from the topological winding diagram analysis of power distribution network; As long as winding diagram is drawn, anti-error substantially function is just finished.Capture at one stroke the difficult problem that the power distribution network anti-error system is safeguarded.
" networking is anti-error " principle at the urban power distribution network: in conjunction with the traffic control principle of urban power distribution network, the electrical wiring mode and the topological anti-error technology in city, customize out the distinctive power distribution network in city and dispatch anti-error principle, fully satisfy the anti-error requirement of urban power distribution network.
Dispatch anti-error: in conjunction with the comprehensive instruction ticket form of city scheduling, utilize the network topology analysis, form the function of graphical dispatch command, can on figure, resolve with abstract, intuitive and convenient power distribution network dispatcher's scheduling operation and ordering all dispatch commands.
The anti-error principle of real-time: in the process of using the computer key operation, the permission of the detecting operation that system can be real-time, when the legitimacy that changes, operates when the condition of operation lost, system was with the current operation of automatic blocking.Solved in the operating process because the misoperation that relevant device malfunction and reason such as uncontrollable cause.Utilize wireless telecommunications the information passback in real time of execute-in-place can be dispatched intelligent anti-error management system to power distribution network, and come out by graphical display.The dispatcher can dispatch anti-error work station at power distribution network and recognize on-the-spot operational circumstances conveniently, in time, accurately, in addition by the real-time WEB issue of native system, browser real time inspection power distribution network operating conditions such as Internet Explorer can be passed through in functional portion such as company leader and safety supervision, production technology portion chamber on corporate lan, thereby have effectively stopped the situation of on-the-spot mistake simulation, misoperation.
System adopts different closedown modes to different equipment:
Can adopt forced blocking for equipment with good conditionsi such as switching station, ring main unit, cable branch box.
To the ground cutter operation of directly electrical verification, can adopt the high voltage testing device to combine with the locking lockset, cutter is implemented forced blocking over the ground.
Other can't adopt the equipment (as on-pole switch, disconnecting link, insurance etc.) of forced blocking can adopt indicative locking and lock operation bar mode.
Can adopt the ground wire manager to the portable type temporary ground wire, the portable type temporary ground wire is implemented forced blocking.
Emergency release intelligent management.
The fault releasing process is managed: issue the fault release scope (or mode of the manual permission of monitoring) that allows by wireless mode by scheduling, the field failure release can only be finished in the scope of permission, extraneous equipment can not release, automatically carry out anti-false judgment by wireless mode to operating in unlocking process, anti-false judgment is by just carrying out unlocking operation.
Result to the fault release reports: in the fault unlocking process, unlocking process is write down, files with convenient inquiry, analyzes.In the fault releasing process by wireless mode (or note) with release result notification system and corresponding director.
The management of power distribution network operation information.
Customer interrupted statistical function: show the information of customer interrupted, comprise capacity, telephone number etc.
Power supply switch prompting:, when user's power supply changes, provide prompting and record to the duplicate supply or the electric power thus supplied of handing in hand.
Charged painted: as zone, the equipment that electricity, nothing electricity, ground wire protection are arranged to be shown with different colors.
Five, system's major function of providing of the utility model:
1, at ring network power supply, anti-error between the interconnection in the power supply hand in hand.
2, at preventing large tracts of land mistakenly stop electricity, mistake load rejection in the scheduling.
3, be provided with in the scheduling various work boards, ground connection board, to hang dynamic ground wire etc. anti-error temporarily.
4, protect electricity at responsible consumer, high-risk user, prevent mistakenly stop.
5, at cyclization, the operation indicating that unlinks, there is the ring network power supply real-time prompting
6, basic " five is anti-" anti-error function.
7, scheduling, operation are incorporate anti-error, prevent that operations staff mistake from listening that scheduling make, the interval and the operation unit of mistake simulation or operating mistake, and the operations staff operates forced blocking, prevents to go to the wrong way the interval.
8, the on-the-spot real-time working condition based on power distribution network monitors and operation: work on the spot list situation, on-the-spot ground connection situation, equipment operation situation, electric region territory, non-Electric region territory, ground protection zone etc.,
9,, power supply point painted based on transformer station's outlet supply district followed the trail of painted, load changes for painted, user's duplicate supply management etc.
10, power distribution network operation graphics management: the figure typing, examine, flow process controls such as warehouse-in, figure maintenance record.
Six, implementation result test:
For verifying the realization effect of allomeric function of the present utility model, carry out comprehensive debugging by following scheme:
1, simulated operation is opened a dispatch command ticket on auxiliary tone work station on duty, if electric power grid switching operation primitive rule or the anti-error requirement of dispatching of power netwoks are run counter in wherein per step operation, automatically report to the police, and forbid that this operation passes through in step, all dispatch command items that meets electric power safety scheduling rule in the scheduling produce the dispatch command item automatically, and generate the dispatch command ticket.And the dispatch command ticket is issued to the anti-error main frame of operation department by local area network (LAN).And can print the dispatch command ticket, and carry out the draft bank management automatically.
System running state is divided into three kinds in scheduling, operation and circuit, and wherein system can send dispatch command under dispatch state, and function menu is open after the login system gives current login user
2, the anti-error main frame of operation department is received corresponding dispatch command ticket, dispatch command according to correspondence, simulate grid switching operation, in simulation process, deliberately do not carry out simulated operation by meeting the anti-error rule of electric power " five is anti-", wrong information will be pointed out by system, refusal passes through, the equipment of simulation does not belong to equipment in the dispatch command scope, the system prompt simulation is at interval wrong, refusal passes through, and the action-item that only meets electric power grid switching operation code of safe practice just allows to pass through, and forms corresponding grid switching operation bill simultaneously.Can print or pass to computer key to this operation order operates.
3, grid switching operation bill can adopt two kinds of subpoena simulations: local infrared mode subpoena and cdma wireless mode are carried out subpoena.Wherein, infrared subpoena mode can connect ticket in this locality, and cdma wireless subpoena mode can connect ticket in the place of any CDMA of having signal, satisfies the needs of the special operational administrative of distribution network.
4, execute-in-place: take computer key to carry out grid switching operation to the scene, deliberately go to the wrong way operation room every or operate not according to the operating sequence of operation order, computer key can both guarantee to open on-the-spot locking lockset, has only correct operation just to allow open operation mechanism to operate.After per step, operation was finished, computer key can both pass back to operating result the main website of system by the cdma wireless passage in real time with the object information of operation, and the main website of system carries out state real-time tracking and displacement simultaneously.
5, operation is finished, and scheduling is reported backfill according to operation, and the dispatch command ticket returns order item by item, finishes up to whole dispatch command operation.
6, the how key operated debugging of parallel task: three tasks of continuous analog on operation work station on duty, after printing respectively, subpoena to three is computer key respectively.Computer key is unblanked separately after connecing ticket, is waited to make, back delivery operations, and whether the test computer key supports that how key operated parallel task is.
7, the debugging of single key multi-job operation: three tasks of continuous analog on operation work station on duty, after printing respectively, subpoena is to computer key together.Computer key connects operation in tandem behind the ticket, passback together after three task terminations, and whether the test computer key supports the multi-job operation of single key.Three tasks of continuous analog on operation work station on duty, after printing respectively, subpoena is to computer key together.Computer key connects selects passback after ticket has been operated a task at once, then continues second, third task of operation, and the checking computer key is to the multitask support of retransmission function step by step.
8, power distribution network real-time working condition monitoring: can show in real time on the system emulation winding diagram field apparatus running status, power supply point electric power thus supplied, electric region territory, non-Electric region territory, cutter, interim ground wire ground protection zone, variously list, protect real operating condition such as electric board and monitor.
Seven, test result:
This management system perfect in shape and function, practical, can effectively stop " pernicious misoperation " accident to occur in the power distribution network scheduling, by the use of system, with electrical safety regularized operation, systematization, improved the fail safe and the reliability of power distribution network traffic control greatly.
Eight, apply situation:
The utlity model has extremely strong autgmentability, data that system is all and service all are stored in master server, when needing to increase client, only needing to install in network client-side program gets final product, and system interface close friend, attractive in appearance, simple, convenient, has extraordinary adaptability, this haves laid a good foundation for promoting the use of of this system, later on also can carry out corresponding system configuration and needs update routine not, guarantee the stability and the robustness of system, on applicability and generalization, have very high using value according to the requirement of safety management.
The utility model has been set up complete anti-error workbench, with electrical safety regularized operation, systematization; Utilize the locking of electric equipment, the application of various means of communications, guarantee the reliability of power distribution network safety operation by technological means.It is applicable to urban power distribution network in all parts of the country.This system more than 6 months, has fully verified fail safe, reliability and the practicality of this system in the successful operation of Wuhu electric company.
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings the utility model has been carried out exemplary description above; obviously the utility model specific implementation is not subjected to the restriction of aforesaid way; as long as adopted the improvement of the various unsubstantialities that method of the present utility model design and technical scheme carry out; or design of the present utility model and technical scheme are directly applied to other occasion without improving, all within protection range of the present utility model.