CN201919227U - Timing adjustable-power sodium lamp - Google Patents

Timing adjustable-power sodium lamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201919227U
CN201919227U CN2011200127790U CN201120012779U CN201919227U CN 201919227 U CN201919227 U CN 201919227U CN 2011200127790 U CN2011200127790 U CN 2011200127790U CN 201120012779 U CN201120012779 U CN 201120012779U CN 201919227 U CN201919227 U CN 201919227U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
resistance
power
timing
pin
dpdt
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011200127790U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈建青
王成豹
王伟
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JIANGSU HAODI ENERGY-SAVING PHOTOELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Original Assignee
JIANGSU HAODI ENERGY-SAVING PHOTOELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Priority to CN2011200127790U priority Critical patent/CN201919227U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201919227U publication Critical patent/CN201919227U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a timing adjustable-power sodium lamp, belonging to the technical field of illuminating lamps. The timing adjustable-power sodium lamp is characterized in that the lamp comprises a timing controller, an inductive ballast, a compensation capacitor Ca, a compensation capacitor Cb, a trigger and a sodium lamp, the timing controller is the phase line L and the zero line N of a power supply, the end 2 of the main winding La of the inductive ballast and the end 1 of the auxiliary winding Lb of the inductive ballast are connected with the timing controller, the end 3 of the inductive ballast is connected with the end B of the trigger, the end Lp of the trigger is connected with one end of the sodium lamp, one ends of the compensation capacitor Ca and the compensation capacitor Cb are connected with the timing controller, and the other ends of the compensation capacitor Ca and the compensation capacitor Cb, the end N of the trigger and the other end of the sodium lamp are connected with the zero line N. The timing adjustable-power sodium lamp has the advantages that power is varied according to periods of time and electric energy is saved; reactive losses are reduced; turn-on time and turn-off time can be selected according to different regions, climates and seasons and the actual situations of different roads; traffic hazards caused by the sudden drop of the luminance of the entire road because all lamps of the entire road are turned off at a certain period of time can be avoided; and the volume of the timing controller is small and the control distance is long.

Description

Timing power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp
Technical field
The utility model relates to regularly power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp, belongs to field of illumination lamp technology.
Background technology
What high-pressure sodium lamp adopted at present is that this high-pressure sodium lamp can not be realized with an automatic light meter or Power Conversion with the lamp device of Inductive ballast as sodium vapor lamp.But according to the different time periods different lighting requirements is arranged for road lighting.For example before midnight, light fixture should move under rated power by designing requirement, and illuminance is higher; In the time after midnight, illuminance is lower.Use traditional unconvertible Inductive ballast of power, high-pressure sodium lamp keeps original higher illuminance, and these are in a large amount of electric energy of waste, and the resident around returning has caused light pollution, shorten the expense of Inductive ballast and sodium vapor lamp fluorescent tube simultaneously, increased unnecessary maintenance cost.Thereby adopt traditional Inductive ballast can't adapt to the energy-conservation requirement of modern illumination, and how to overcome above-mentioned defective the today at resource growing tension and electric consumption on lighting increase at a high speed, become the major issue that people urgently seek to solve.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of timing power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp, and it can regulate operating time and power, reduces reactive loss and is convenient to and regulate.
The purpose of this utility model reaches like this, a kind of timing power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp, it is characterized in that comprising timing controller, Inductive ballast, building-out capacitor Ca, Cb, trigger and sodium vapor lamp, timing controller is connected with zero line N with power supply phase line L, 2 ends of Inductive ballast main winding La are connected with timing controller with 1 end of auxiliary winding Lb, the B end of 3 termination triggers of Inductive ballast, one end of the Lp termination sodium vapor lamp of trigger, building-out capacitor Ca, the end of Cb is connected with timing controller, building-out capacitor Ca, the other end of Cb, the N end of trigger and the other end connecting to neutral line N of sodium vapor lamp.
Timing controller described in the utility model comprises regularly driver module and dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r, regularly driver module is connected with an end of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r coil with phase line L, zero line N, the other end ground connection of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r coil, 1, the 4 pin phase-connecting wire L of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r, 2,3,5,6 pin of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r are connected with 2 ends of Inductive ballast main winding La, 1 end of auxiliary winding Lb, the end of building-out capacitor Ca, Cb respectively.
Timing driver module described in the utility model comprises step-down rectifier power supply circuits, timing circuit and drive circuit, and step-down rectifying circuit is connected with power supply, timing circuit and drive circuit, and drive circuit is connected with dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r with timing circuit.
Step-down rectifier power supply circuits described in the utility model are by capacitor C 1, electrochemical capacitor C2~C3, resistance R 1~R3, voltage stabilizing didoe D1 and rectifier bridge B form, resistance R 1 is in parallel with capacitor C 1, one termination power phase line L, 1 end of another termination rectifier bridge B, zero-power line N meets 3 ends of rectifier bridge B and the zero line N of light fixture, the positive pole of the 2 termination electrochemical capacitor C2 of rectifier bridge B, in one end of resistance R 2 and the drive circuit 1 of photoelectrical coupler G, 6 pin and output dc voltage Vdc, the end of the other end connecting resistance R3 of resistance R 2, the negative electrode of voltage stabilizing didoe D1,16 pin of the positive pole of electrochemical capacitor C3 and timing circuit chips U1, the other end of resistance R 3, the anode of voltage stabilizing didoe D1, electrochemical capacitor C2, the 4 end common grounds of the negative pole of C3 and rectifier bridge B.
Timing circuit described in the utility model is by chip U1, capacitor C 4, resistance R 6~R9, switch SW is formed, 16 pin of chip U1 are connected with the step-down rectifier power supply circuits, 3 pin of chip U1 are connected with drive circuit, the 8 pin ground connection of chip U1,9 pin of chip 1 connect an end of capacitor C 4, the end of 10 pin connecting resistance R7 of chip 1, the end of the 11 pin connecting resistance R6 of chip U1, the other end of the other end of capacitor C 4 and resistance R 6, resistance R 8, the end of R9 connects, resistance R 7, the other end of R8 is connected with an end of switch SW, the other end of the other end connecting resistance R9 of switch SW.
Drive circuit described in the utility model is made up of resistance R 4~R5, triode Q1 and photoelectrical coupler G, one end of resistance R 4 is connected with the base stage of triode Q1,3 pin of another termination timing circuit chips U1 of resistance R 4, the collector electrode of triode Q1 links to each other with an end of resistance R 5, the emitter of triode Q1 connects 2 pin of photoelectrical coupler G, 4 pin of photoelectrical coupler G connect an end of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r coil, 1,6 pin of photoelectrical coupler connect the step-down rectifier power supply circuits, the other end ground connection of resistance R 5.
Advantage of the present utility model is: 1, the select time section becomes power, ground brightness (illumination) when guaranteeing at nightfall, saves energy; 2, by the switching of two building-out capacitors, make sodium vapor lamp under total power and half-power operating state, power factor (PF) all can remain on more than 0.85, reduces reactive loss; 3, can select the switch lamp time (4/5/6/7/8h) of timing controller according to the actual conditions of different zones, weather and season and different roads; 4, element capacitor C 4, resistance R 6-R9 have certain deviation range in the timing circuit, increase the inaccuracy of timing, avoid entire road at a time to occur the traffic hazard of turning off the light and bringing entire road illumination bust to bring simultaneously, and the secondary reclocking that powers on; 5, the timing controller volume is little, and command range is far away, can be loaded on the bottom of lamp stand, the convenient setting and the adjustment switch lamp time.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp schematic diagram regularly
The circuit theory diagrams of Fig. 2 timing controller
Embodiment
In Fig. 1, The night screen has hung down, road begins power supply (50Hz/60Hz), the default conditions of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r are 1,2 pin and the conducting respectively of 4,5 pin, sodium vapor lamp normally starts, and timing controller picks up counting simultaneously, and this moment, Inductive ballast main winding La and building-out capacitor Ca played a role jointly, because main winding La is less, high-pressure sodium lamp is pressed rated power operation; Timing time arrives, the plectrum counter-rotating of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r, 1,3 pin and 4, the conducting respectively of 6 pin, Inductive ballast auxiliary winding Lb+ main winding La and building-out capacitor Cb play a role jointly, because choke induction increases, power of sodium lamp reduces, the operation of sodium vapor lamp half-power.Because the switching frequency of relay is much larger than 60Hz, when switching, sodium vapor lamp can't produce flicker.When the inductance value of Inductive ballast changes, change the size of building-out capacitor simultaneously, guaranteed sodium vapor lamp under total power and half-power operating state, power factor (PF) all can remain on more than 0.85, has reduced reactive loss.Trigger is SU42-S.
In Fig. 2, industrial-frequency alternating current inserts the step-down rectifier power supply circuits, and by capacitor C 1, it act as step-down and current limliting, the characteristic of electric capacity for logically exchange, stopping direct current, when electric capacity is connected in the alternating current circuit, its capacitive reactance account form is X C=1/2 π fC, X in the formula CThe capacitive reactance of expression electric capacity, f represents the frequency of input AC electricity, C represents the capacity of decompression capacitor.The electric current computing formula that flows through capacity voltage dropping circuit is I=U/X C, I represents to flow through the electric current of electric capacity in the formula, and U represents the voltage of switching on, X CThe capacitive reactance of expression electric capacity.Capacitor C 1 must be connected to phase line L, and withstand voltage enough big (greater than 400V) is with anti-breakdown.Parallel resistance R1 is a bleeder resistance, it act as: when sine wave is cut off during in peak-peak, remaining electric charge on the capacitor C 1 can't discharge, the president stored for a long time, in when maintenance, if human body touches on the metal pins of capacitor C 1, strong electric shock possibility is arranged, and the existence of resistance R 1 can be fallen remaining charge discharging resisting, thus guarantor, machine safety.The resistance of resistance R 1 is relevant with the size of capacitor C 1, and the capacity of general capacitor C 1 is big more, and remaining electric charge is just many more, and the resistance of resistance R 1 will be selected more forr a short time.Electric current by capacitor C 1 inserts rectifier bridge B, and its effect is with the direct voltage of AC rectification for pulsation, and the pulsating dc voltage of the effect of electrolysis C2 after with rectification is filtered into steady direct voltage Vdc, and G provides stable operating voltage for photoelectrical coupler.Resistance R 2, R3 divide die pressing type for series connection, are chip U1 power supply, and voltage stabilizing didoe D1, electrochemical capacitor C3 are for stablizing the supply power voltage of chip U1.
Timing circuit is made up of chip U1, capacitor C 4, resistance R 6~R9, switch SW.Its chips U1 is HEF4060BT, after The night screen has hung down, the electric main electrical network is powered to timing controller, cut-off switch SW, chip U1 starts working, and timing mode is operated under capacitor C 4, the resistance R 6~R8 pattern, after timing time reaches t1 hour, the 3 human hair combing waste feed signals of chip U1, drive circuit startup work; Closing Switch SW, timing mode is operated under capacitor C 4, resistance R 6~R9 pattern, after timing time reaches t2 hour, the 3 human hair combing waste feed signals of chip U1, drive circuit startup work.By the size of selector switch SW and capacitor C 4, resistance R 6~R9, promptly can select road lighting to change the time of power.In the circuit module design process, the characteristics of road lighting have been taken into full account, deviation range by resistance, electric capacity is selected, specially increased the Fuzzy Time function, the concrete time is 6 hours, and 6 minutes deviation time is arranged approximately, makes on the road not transform power simultaneously of light fixture, produce visual impact, realize energy-conservation after the safe driving.
Drive circuit is made up of resistance R 4~R5, triode Q1, photoelectrical coupler G.Wherein photoelectrical coupler G is K3021, and when the acquiescence operating state of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r is 1,2 pin and 4,5 pin when connecting respectively, behind the mains supply, the sodium vapor lamp of road illuminating lamp is pressed the rated power operate as normal.After the chip U1 timing of timing circuit arrives t1 hour, drive triode Q1 conductings, light-emitting diode and the triode Q1, resistance R 5 ground connection and conducting constitute loop of circuit between 1,2 pin of photoelectrical coupler G by resistance R 4.Meanwhile, 6,4 pin of photoelectrical coupler G detect light signal, and circuit is by 6,4 pin of photoelectrical coupler G and dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r ground connection and conducting constitutes the loop.After dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r starts working, the conducting respectively of 1,3 pin of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r and 4,6 pin, the operation of sodium vapor lamp half-power.
By the size of selector switch SW and capacitor C 4, resistance R 6~R9, can the selective resonance cycle, to the time of the sodium vapor lamp transform power of road lighting.The utility model, though when realizing the sodium vapor lamp transform power, also make the brightness (illuminance) of road lighting descend to some extent, the brightness (illuminance) of the road of this moment can guarantee the secure communication requirement of road fully.Timing controller can be made an independent circuit module, and component number is few, stable performance; Make things convenient for large-scale engineering to use, can in the process of construction, carry out setting-up time; Also can be placed into the bottom of the lamp stand of street lamp by lead, the convenient switching time of regulating road illuminating lamp according to the difference in time domain, season.

Claims (6)

1. power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp regularly, it is characterized in that comprising timing controller, Inductive ballast, building-out capacitor Ca, Cb, trigger and sodium vapor lamp, timing controller is connected with zero line N with power supply phase line L, 2 ends of Inductive ballast main winding La are connected with timing controller with 1 end of auxiliary winding Lb, the B end of 3 termination triggers of Inductive ballast, one end of the Lp termination sodium vapor lamp of trigger, the end of building-out capacitor Ca, Cb is connected with timing controller, the other end connecting to neutral line N of the other end of building-out capacitor Ca, Cb, the N of trigger end and sodium vapor lamp.
2. timing power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described timing controller comprises regularly driver module and dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r, regularly driver module is connected with an end of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r coil with phase line L, zero line N, the other end ground connection of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r coil, 1, the 4 pin phase-connecting wire L of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r, 2,3,5,6 pin of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r are connected with 2 ends of Inductive ballast main winding La, 1 end of auxiliary winding Lb, the end of building-out capacitor Ca, Cb respectively.
3. timing power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described timing driver module comprises step-down rectifier power supply circuits, timing circuit and drive circuit, step-down rectifying circuit is connected with power supply, timing circuit and drive circuit, and drive circuit is connected with dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r with timing circuit.
4. timing power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described step-down rectifier power supply circuits are by capacitor C 1, electrochemical capacitor C2~C3, resistance R 1~R3, voltage stabilizing didoe D1 and rectifier bridge B form, resistance R 1 is in parallel with capacitor C 1, one termination power phase line L, 1 end of another termination rectifier bridge B, zero-power line N meets 3 ends of rectifier bridge B and the zero line N of light fixture, the positive pole of the 2 termination electrochemical capacitor C2 of rectifier bridge B, in one end of resistance R 2 and the drive circuit 1 of photoelectrical coupler G, 6 pin and output dc voltage Vdc, the end of the other end connecting resistance R3 of resistance R 2, the negative electrode of voltage stabilizing didoe D1,16 pin of the positive pole of electrochemical capacitor C3 and timing circuit chips U1, the other end of resistance R 3, the anode of voltage stabilizing didoe D1, electrochemical capacitor C2, the 4 end common grounds of the negative pole of C3 and rectifier bridge B.
5. timing power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described timing circuit is by chip U1, capacitor C 4, resistance R 6~R9, switch SW is formed, 16 pin of chip U1 are connected with the step-down rectifier power supply circuits, 3 pin of chip U1 are connected with drive circuit, the 8 pin ground connection of chip U1,9 pin of chip 1 connect an end of capacitor C 4, the end of 10 pin connecting resistance R7 of chip 1, the end of the 11 pin connecting resistance R6 of chip U1, the other end of the other end of capacitor C 4 and resistance R 6, resistance R 8, the end of R9 connects, resistance R 7, the other end of R8 is connected with an end of switch SW, the other end of the other end connecting resistance R9 of switch SW.
6. timing power-adjustable sodium vapor lamp according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described drive circuit is by resistance R 4~R5, triode Q1 and photoelectrical coupler G form, one end of resistance R 4 is connected with the base stage of triode Q1,3 pin of another termination timing circuit chips U1 of resistance R 4, the collector electrode of triode Q1 links to each other with an end of resistance R 5, the emitter of triode Q1 connects 2 pin of photoelectrical coupler G, 4 pin of photoelectrical coupler G connect an end of dpdt double-pole double-throw (DPDT) power relay r coil, 1 of photoelectrical coupler, 6 pin connect the step-down rectifier power supply circuits, the other end ground connection of resistance R 5.
CN2011200127790U 2011-01-14 2011-01-14 Timing adjustable-power sodium lamp Expired - Fee Related CN201919227U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200127790U CN201919227U (en) 2011-01-14 2011-01-14 Timing adjustable-power sodium lamp

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CN2011200127790U CN201919227U (en) 2011-01-14 2011-01-14 Timing adjustable-power sodium lamp

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102695345A (en) * 2012-06-01 2012-09-26 雷锡社 Energy-efficiency intelligent ballast
CN102802330A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-11-28 殷联德 Starting system of high-intensity gas discharge lamp
CN106028611A (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-10-12 广东昌胜照明科技有限公司 Intelligent timing variable power xenon lamp control circuit

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102695345A (en) * 2012-06-01 2012-09-26 雷锡社 Energy-efficiency intelligent ballast
CN102802330A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-11-28 殷联德 Starting system of high-intensity gas discharge lamp
CN102802330B (en) * 2012-08-17 2014-07-02 殷联德 Starting system of high-intensity gas discharge lamp
CN106028611A (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-10-12 广东昌胜照明科技有限公司 Intelligent timing variable power xenon lamp control circuit

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110803

Termination date: 20140114