CN201887567U - Vehicle-mounted wireless power supplying and charging device - Google Patents

Vehicle-mounted wireless power supplying and charging device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201887567U
CN201887567U CN2010206400630U CN201020640063U CN201887567U CN 201887567 U CN201887567 U CN 201887567U CN 2010206400630 U CN2010206400630 U CN 2010206400630U CN 201020640063 U CN201020640063 U CN 201020640063U CN 201887567 U CN201887567 U CN 201887567U
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vehicle
circuit
power
wireless
charging
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CN2010206400630U
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陈文英
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陈文英
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a vehicle-mounted wireless power supplying and charging device which comprises a wireless reception device and an assorted wireless transmission device, wherein the wireless reception device comprises at least one vehicle-mounted mobile electric apparatus which is internally embedded with an RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Device); the RFID comprises a vehicle-mounted mobile electric apparatus ID (Identity); the wireless transmission device is a desktop wireless transmission device and comprises an RFID detector, a vehicle-mounted mobile electric apparatus positioning circuit and an intelligent detection CPU (Central Processing Unit) which is connected with the RFID detector. In the utility model, by approaching a charging coil reception part of the vehicle-mounted mobile electric apparatus to a power supplying coil transmission part of the desktop wireless transmission device without the limit that an interface of a charger or a plug of a power adaptor is unmatched and does not need to be connected by leads, automatic power supplying or charging can be carried out so that electric energy is transmitted to the vehicle-mounted mobile electric apparatus via indirect electric-contact wireless transmission manner. When charging is not carried out or the charging is finished, the desktop radio transmission device is low in power consumption and in a micro-power consumption standby state.

Description

一种车载无线供电充电装置 A vehicle-mounted wireless power charging apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本实用新型涉及供电充电装置,特别是涉及一种车载无线供电充电装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a power charging device, particularly relates to a wireless power charging device onboard. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现有的无线数据传输方式,比如无线相容认证Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity,缩略词为Wi-Fi)、蓝牙Bluetooth、脉冲无线电(Ultra Wideband缩略词为UWB),一般是采用直接电接触的有线传输方式传输电能,基本上未摆脱导线的束缚。 [0002] The conventional wireless data transmission, such as wireless Fidelity Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity, the acronym for the Wi-Fi), Bluetooth the Bluetooth, impulse radio (Ultra Wideband acronyms UWB), generally used direct power transmission cable transmission electrical contact wires is not substantially bound to get rid of. 有些移动设备器具,比如笔记本电脑、手机、数码相机、掌上电脑(Personal Digital Assistant,缩略词为PDA)、动态影像专家压缩标准音频层面3 (Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer III,缩略词为MP3)、全球定位系统(Global Positioning System,缩略词为GPS)导航仪,以及采用锂电池的文具,在充电或供电时通常是将充电器或电源适配器一端连接在移动设备上,另一端连接在市电电源上,或者取出电池放置在充电器上进行充电。 Some mobile appliances, such as notebook computers, mobile phones, digital cameras, PDAs (Personal Digital Assistant, the acronym PDA), dynamic image compression standard audio expert-level 3 (Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer III, the acronym for the MP3 ), a global positioning system (global positioning system, the acronym GPS) navigation, and stationery use lithium batteries, during charging or power charger or power supply are typically the end of the adapter connected to the mobile device, the other end is connected to the mains, or remove the battery on the charger for charging. 外出时,使用不同充电或供电接口的多个移动设备,还需要携带多个充电器或电源适配器,不但不方便,而且造成了浪费。 When going out, a plurality of mobile devices using different charging or power interface further needs to carry a plurality of charger or power supply adapter, is not only inconvenient, but also causes waste. 至于频繁的插拔,不但使用不便,且有安全隐患。 As for frequent plug, not only inconvenient to use, and there is a security risk.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型所要解决的技术问题是弥补上述现有技术的缺陷,提供一种充电型车载无线供电装置。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem is to remedy the drawbacks of the prior art, to provide a charging type vehicle-mounted wireless power supply apparatus.

[0004] 本实用新型的技术问题通过以下技术方案予以解决。 [0004] The present invention technical problem to be resolved by the following technical solutions.

[0005] 这种车载无线供电充电装置,包括无线接收装置和配套使用的无线发射装置,所述无线接收装置包括依次连接的设有充电线圈的射频接收谐振回路、整流滤波电路、电源管理CPU、与车载移动用电设备电源或电池连接的输出电路,所述无线发射装置包括依次连接的电源、振荡电路、整形驱动电路、高频放大电路、发射电路和设有供电线圈的射频发射谐振回路,以及连接在所述整形驱动电路输出端与所述振荡电路之间的频率控制电路。 [0005] This vehicle wireless power charging apparatus, comprising a radio transmitting apparatus and radio receiving apparatus supporting the use of the radio receiving apparatus comprises a charging coil with a radio frequency resonant circuit receiving sequentially connected, rectifier and filter circuit, the CPU power management, an output circuit connected to the mobile vehicle power supply or battery powered device, the wireless transmitting means includes a power source connected sequentially, an oscillation circuit, shaping driving circuit, a high frequency amplifying circuit, a transmitting circuit and a resonant circuit is provided RF transmitter power coil, and connected between the drive frequency shaping circuit between the output terminal of the control circuit and the oscillation circuit. 所述充电线圈用于接收高频电能;所述整流滤波电路用于将整流后直流通过滤波成为纯净的直流电;所述电源管理CPU用于对接收到的直流电进行过压、过流和温度控制以及充电状态管理控制和指示;所述输出电路用于连接充电和供电设备;所述振荡电路用于产生方波信号源;所述整形驱动电路用于将方波信号整形驱动;所述高频放大电路用于驱动信号再经高频功率放大;所述发射电路与所述供电线圈用于发射高频电能;所述频率控制电路用于将控制发射频率稳定。 The charging coil for receiving a high frequency electrical energy; said rectifier and filter circuit for filtering the rectified dc as a neat through DC; the CPU power management for the received DC overvoltage, overcurrent and temperature control management and control and indicating the state of charge; an output circuit for connecting the charging and power supply apparatus; said oscillation circuit for generating a square wave signal source; shaping the square wave drive circuit for shaping the drive signal; a frequency an amplifier circuit for driving the signal and then amplifies the high-frequency power; a power supply circuit and the transmitting coil for transmitting high frequency power; a frequency control circuit for controlling the transmit frequency stability.

[0006] 这种车载无线供电充电装置的特点是: [0006] This feature onboard wireless power supply charging apparatus are:

[0007] 所述无线接收装置是至少一个车载移动用电设备,各个车载移动用电设备内嵌有射频识别标签(Radio Frequency Identification,缩略词为RFID)俗称电子标签,所述RFID包括车载移动用电设备ID ; [0007] The wireless receiving means is at least one mobile vehicle electrical equipment, mobile respective vehicle electrical equipment with embedded radio frequency identification tag (Radio Frequency Identification, the acronym RFID) commonly known as RFID, the RFID mobile vehicle comprising ID electrical equipment;

[0008] 所述无线发射装置是桌面无线发射装置,还包括与RFID检测器、车载移动用电设备定位电路、与所述RFID检测器连接的智能检测CPU,所述车载移动用电设备定位电路和所述智能检测CPU分别与所述整形驱动电路的输入端连接。 [0008] The wireless transmission device is a desktop wireless transmission device, further comprises a RFID detector, electrical equipment onboard the mobile positioning circuit connected to the smart RFID detector detects the CPU, the in-vehicle mobile device targeting electrical circuit and detecting the intelligent shaping of the CPU are connected to an input driver circuit. 所述RFID检测器用于读取车载移动用电设备的RFID标签ID,判断是否存在车载移动用电设备;所述车载移动用电设备定位用于所述RFID检测器判断存在车载移动用电设备时,对车载移动用电设备进行定位, 以利于无线接收装置接收到最大的电能,降低损耗,提高效率;所述智能检测CPU用于控制只对通过检测并定位的车载移动用电设备向外辐射电磁场供电,在未检测并定位车载移动用电设备以及检测判断是未内嵌有合法RFID标签的物体比如人手、杯具、金属物时,所述供电控制电路控制无线发射装置的供电线圈不向外辐射电磁场供电,以确保检测可靠,使用安全。 Said mobile vehicle on-vehicle electric device for positioning a mobile electrical device determines the RFID detector; detector for reading the RFID electrical equipment onboard the mobile RFID tag ID, the mobile determines whether there is the vehicle-mounted electrical equipment in-vehicle electrical equipment to locate the mobile, in order to facilitate the wireless receiving device receives the greatest power, low loss and high efficiency; CPU for controlling the smart detected only by external radiation to detect and locate a mobile vehicle electrical equipment electromagnetic power, is not detecting and locating a mobile vehicle electrical equipment and detection judgment is not valid RFID tag embedded objects such as hand, when the cup, a metal substance, the power supply control circuit controls the power coil of the wireless device is not transmitting to the external electromagnetic radiation power to ensure reliable detection, the use of safety.

[0009] 本实用新型的技术问题通过以下进一步的技术方案予以解决。 [0009] The present invention technical problem to be solved by further technical solution.

[0010] 所述无线接收装置的充电线圈与所述无线发射装置的供电线圈构成可分离的疏松耦合高频变压器。 [0010] The coil power supply charging coil of the wireless reception device with the wireless transmitting means configured for loose coupling is separable high-frequency transformer. 充电线圈输出的电能通过电磁感应以非接触方式传送到供电线圈。 Charging coil output power is transferred to the power supply by electromagnetic induction coil in a non-contact manner.

[0011] 所述RFID还包括车载移动用电设备功率需求信息,车载移动用电设备的电池是否充满信息、充电是否过流信息、充电是否过压信息、充电是否过热信息。 [0011] The RFID device further comprising a car-mounted mobile electrical power demand information, the vehicle-mounted mobile battery powered device is full of information, information on whether charging overcurrent, overvoltage whether charging information, the charging information is overheating.

[0012] 当无线发射装置接收到所述无线接收装置的电源管理CPU提供的车载移动用电设备的电池已经充满的信息、充电过流信息、充电过压信息和充电过热信息中的一种,立即由所述无线发射装置的智能检测CPU发送关断充电的指令,控制无线发射装置的供电线圈停止向外辐射电磁场供电。 [0012] When the information cell mobile vehicle power transmitting device receives the wireless device to the wireless reception device provided in CPU power management has been filled, the charging overcurrent information, charge information and the charge voltage lead a superheated information, Now the intelligent detection by the CPU of the radio transmitter transmits a command off the charging, the power supply control of the radio transmitter radiates electromagnetic coil stops power. 在无车载移动用电设备充电或充电结束时,无线发射装置功耗非常小,处于微功耗待机状态。 In the absence of the mobile vehicle electrical charging device or the charging end, wireless transmission device power consumption is very small, in the micro-power standby state.

[0013] 所述无线接收装置的壳体是屏蔽除充电线圈的接收部位外的电磁场的壳体;所述无线发射装置的壳体是屏蔽除供电线圈的发射部位外的电磁场的壳体。 [0013] The housing of the wireless receiving apparatus is other than the electromagnetic shield case receiving portion of the charging coil; housing is the housing of the radio transmitter in addition to the electromagnetic field of the transmitter coil power portions of the shield. 极大地降低电磁辐射泄漏,以提高电源使用效率,效率最高可达77%。 Greatly reduce the leakage of electromagnetic radiation, in order to improve power efficiency, maximum efficiency of up to 77%.

[0014] 所述电源是220V市电电源、DC12V〜18V电源适配器供电电源、DC5V电源和USB 供电电源中的一种。 [0014] The power source is a 220V mains A DC12V~18V supply power adapter, and USB DC5V power of the power supply.

[0015] 本实用新型与现有技术对比的有益效果是: [0015] Advantageous effects of the present invention and the prior art references are:

[0016] 本实用新型只需将车载移动用电设备的充电线圈接收部位接近桌面无线发射装置的供电线圈发射部位,不受充电器接口或电源适配器插头不匹配的限制,不必采用导线连接,即可自动供电或充电,以非直接电接触的无线传输方式将电能传输至车载移动用电设备。 [0016] The present invention simply charging coil receiving portion of the mobile vehicle electrical equipment close to the desktop portion of the wireless power transmit coil transmitting apparatus from the power adapter or charger interface does not match the restrictions, connecting wires need not be employed, i.e., automatic power or charge, direct wireless transmission in a non-contact electrical power transmission to the mobile vehicle electrical equipment. 无充电或充电结束时,桌面无线发射装置功耗非常小,处于微功耗待机状态。 When the end of charging or no charging, the desktop wireless transmission device power consumption is very small, in the micro-power standby state.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1是本实用新型具体实施方式的无线发射装置电路方框图; [0017] FIG. 1 is a block diagram circuit of a wireless transmitting apparatus according to the present invention specific embodiments;

[0018] 图2是本实用新型具体实施方式的无线接收装置电路方框图。 [0018] FIG. 2 is a circuit block diagram of the radio receiving apparatus according to the present invention specific embodiments.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0019] 下面结合具体实施方式并对照附图对本实用新型进行说明。 [0019] below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be described.

[0020] 一种车载无线供电充电装置,包括如图2所示的无线接收装置和如图1所示的配套使用的无线发射装置。 [0020] An in-vehicle wireless power charging apparatus, comprising a radio receiving apparatus shown in FIG. 2 and supporting the wireless transmission device used as shown in Fig.

[0021] 无线接收装置是至少一个车载移动用电设备,各个车载移动用电设备内嵌有RFID,RFID包括车载移动用电设备ID、车载移动用电设备功率需求信息、车载移动用电设备的电池是否充满信息、充电是否过流信息、充电是否过压信息、充电是否过热信息。 [0021] at least one receiving device is a wireless mobile vehicle electrical equipment, mobile respective vehicle electrical equipment with embedded RFID, RFID vehicle comprising a mobile electrical device ID, the mobile vehicle power demand electrical equipment information, the mobile vehicle electrical equipment information whether the battery is fully charged if the overcurrent information, whether over-voltage charging information, the charging information is overheating.

[0022] 无线接收装置包括依次连接的设有充电线圈的射频接收谐振回路8、整流滤波电路9、型号为PS3871的电源管理CPU 10、与车载移动用电设备电源或电池12连接的输出电路11,无线发射装置包括依次连接的220V市电电源1、振荡电路2、整形驱动电路3、高频放大电路5、发射电路6和设有供电线圈的射频发射谐振回路7,以及连接在整形驱动电路3 输出端与振荡电路2之间的125k〜350k频率控制电路4。 [0022] The radio receiving apparatus includes a radio frequency coil is provided with a charging connector sequentially receiving resonant circuit 8, the rectifying smoothing circuit 9, the PS3871 power management model CPU 10, an output circuit connected to the electrical equipment onboard a mobile power source or battery 12 11 , wireless transmission device comprises a 220V mains supply 1 connected sequentially, the oscillation circuit 2, a drive shaping circuit 3, RF amplifier 5, the transmission circuit 6 is provided with power transmitting coil and a radio frequency resonant circuit 7, and a shaping circuit connected to the drive 3 and the output terminal of the oscillation circuit 2 125k~350k frequency between the control circuit 4. 无线接收装置的充电线圈与无线发射装置的供电线圈构成可分离的疏松耦合高频变压器。 Coil charging power coil of the wireless receiving apparatus and wireless transmission device configured for loose coupling is separable high-frequency transformer. 充电线圈输出的电能通过电磁感应以非接触方式传送到供电线圈。 Charging coil output power is transferred to the power supply by electromagnetic induction coil in a non-contact manner. 无线接收装置的壳体是屏蔽除充电线圈的接收部位外的电磁场的壳体;无线发射装置的壳体是屏蔽除供电线圈的发射部位外的电磁场的壳体。 Wireless receiving apparatus housing electromagnetic shield case is the addition of the charging coil receiving portion; housing is the housing of the radio transmitter emitting the electromagnetic field in addition to the shield portion of the power feeding coil. 极大地降低电磁辐射泄漏,以提高电源使用效率,效率最高可达77%。 Greatly reduce the leakage of electromagnetic radiation, in order to improve power efficiency, maximum efficiency of up to 77%.

[0023] 无线发射装置是桌面无线发射装置,还包括与型号为PIC16F30的RFID检测器13、 车载移动用电设备定位电路14、与RFID检测器13连接的型号为PIC16F54的智能检测CPU 15,车载移动用电设备定位电路14和智能检测CPU15分别与整形驱动电路4的输入端连接。 [0023] wireless transmission means wireless transmission device is a desktop, further comprising the model and model PIC16F30 RFID detector 13, 14, with the RFID detector of electrical equipment onboard the mobile positioning circuit 13 is connected to the CPU PIC16F54 15 intelligent detection, vehicle mobile electric device location detection circuit 14 and the smart CPU15 respectively driven shaping circuit 4 is connected to the input terminal.

[0024] 当无线发射装置接收到无线接收装置的电源管理CPU 10提供的车载移动用电设备的电池已经充满的信息、充电过流信息、充电过压信息和充电过热信息中的一种,立即由所述无线发射装置的智能检测CPU发送及时关断充电的指令,控制无线发射装置的供电线圈停止向外辐射电磁场供电。 [0024] When the radio transmitting apparatus receives the information cell mobile vehicle electrical power management device the CPU 10 of the radio reception apparatus provided has been filled, the charging overcurrent information, charge information and the charge voltage lead a superheated information, immediately intelligent detected by the CPU of the wireless transmission apparatus transmits a charging timely shutdown instruction, the control coil power supply of the radio transmitter radiates electromagnetic stopping power. 在无车载移动用电设备充电或充电结束时,无线发射装置功耗非常小,处于微功耗待机状态。 In the absence of the mobile vehicle electrical charging device or the charging end, wireless transmission device power consumption is very small, in the micro-power standby state.

[0025] 以上内容是结合具体的优选实施方式对本实用新型所作的进一步详细说明,不能认定本实用新型的具体实施只局限于这些说明。 [0025] above with reference to specific preferred embodiments are described in further detail of the embodiment of the present invention made by the present invention should not be considered limited to the particular embodiments described. 对于本实用新型所属技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本实用新型构思的前提下做出若干等同替代或明显变型,而且性能或用途相同,都应当视为属于本实用新型由所提交的权利要求书确定的专利保护范围。 Those of ordinary skill in the art the present invention belongs, the apparent make various modifications or equivalents without departing from the concepts of the present invention the premise, and the same performance, or use, should be deemed to belong to the present invention submitted by the determining the scope of protection of the patent claims.

Claims (5)

1. 一种车载无线供电充电装置,包括无线接收装置和配套使用的无线发射装置,所述无线接收装置包括依次连接的设有充电线圈的射频接收谐振回路、整流滤波电路、电源管理电路、与车载移动用电设备电源或电池连接的输出电路,所述无线发射装置包括依次连接的电源、振荡电路、整形驱动电路、高频放大电路、发射电路和设有供电线圈的射频发射谐振回路,以及连接在所述整形驱动电路输出端与所述振荡电路之间的频率控制电路,其特征在于:所述无线接收装置是至少一个车载移动用电设备,各个车载移动用电设备内嵌有射频识别标签RFID俗称电子标签,所述RFID包括车载移动用电设备ID ;所述无线发射装置是桌面无线发射装置,还包括与RFID检测器、车载移动用电设备定位电路、与所述RFID检测器连接的智能检测CPU,所述车载移动用电设备定位电 1. A vehicle-mounted wireless power charging apparatus, comprising a radio transmitting apparatus and radio receiving apparatus supporting the use of the radio receiving apparatus comprises a radio frequency receiver is provided with a charging coil resonant circuit are connected in sequence, the rectifier filter circuit, the power management circuit, and the output circuit mobile vehicle power supply or battery powered device is connected, the wireless transmitting means includes a power source connected sequentially, an oscillation circuit, shaping driving circuit, a high frequency amplifying circuit, a transmitting circuit and a resonant circuit with a radio frequency transmitter power supply coil, and connecting the driving frequency shaping circuit between the output terminal of the control circuit and the oscillation circuit, wherein: said receiving means is at least one wireless mobile vehicle electrical equipment, mobile respective vehicle electrical equipment with embedded radio frequency identification RFID commonly known as RFID tags, the RFID powered device comprises a mobile vehicle ID; the desktop wireless transmission means wireless transmission means further comprises, electrical equipment onboard the mobile positioning circuit connected with the RFID detector and the detector RFID intelligent detection CPU, a mobile vehicle positioning electrically powered device 路和所述智能检测CPU分别与所述整形驱动电路的输入端连接。 And detecting the road intelligent drive the CPU and the shaping circuit is connected to the input terminal.
2.如权利要求1所述的车载无线供电充电装置,其特征在于:所述无线接收装置的充电线圈与所述无线发射装置的供电线圈构成可分离的疏松耦合高频变压器。 2. The vehicle wireless power charging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the wireless power charging coil coil receiving device and the wireless transmission device configured for loose coupling is separable high-frequency transformer.
3.如权利要求1或2所述的车载无线供电充电装置,其特征在于:所述无线接收装置的壳体是屏蔽除充电线圈的接收部位外的电磁场的壳体。 Vehicle wireless power charging device according to claim 12, wherein: said housing means is a radio receiving housing in addition to the electromagnetic field of the coil receiving portion of the charge shield.
4.如权利要求1或2所述的车载无线供电充电装置,其特征在于:所述无线发射装置的壳体是屏蔽除供电线圈的发射部位外的电磁场的壳体。 4. The vehicle wireless power charging device according to claim 1, wherein: said housing is a housing of the radio transmitter emitting an electromagnetic field in addition to the shield portion of the power feeding coil.
5.如权利要求1〜4中任意一项所述的车载无线供电充电装置,其特征在于:所述电源是220V市电电源、DC12V〜18V电源适配器供电电源、DC5V电源和USB供电电源中的一种。 5. The vehicle wireless power charging apparatus according to any one of 1 ~ 4 claims, characterized in that: said power source is a 220V mains supply, DC12V~18V supply power adapter, and USB DC5V power of the power supply one kind.
CN2010206400630U 2010-12-02 2010-12-02 Vehicle-mounted wireless power supplying and charging device CN201887567U (en)

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CN102868238A (en) * 2012-06-08 2013-01-09 杨彤 Middle-and-high-power wireless power unit
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CN104852409A (en) * 2014-02-17 2015-08-19 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Vehicle-mounted wireless charging device
CN104852409B (en) * 2014-02-17 2018-10-02 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Vehicle-mounted wireless charging device
CN104935275A (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-09-23 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 Power amplifier and charging device for wireless batch charging
CN104935275B (en) * 2014-03-21 2018-09-18 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 A kind of power amplifier and charging unit for wireless batch charging
CN105262173A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-01-20 福建奥通迈胜电力科技有限公司 Wireless charger suitable for fault indicator
CN106451606A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 安徽中科自动化股份有限公司 Remote wireless charging system of vehicle-mounted mobile equipment

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