CN201864982U - Heat pump clothes dryer - Google Patents

Heat pump clothes dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201864982U
CN201864982U CN 201020605022 CN201020605022U CN201864982U CN 201864982 U CN201864982 U CN 201864982U CN 201020605022 CN201020605022 CN 201020605022 CN 201020605022 U CN201020605022 U CN 201020605022U CN 201864982 U CN201864982 U CN 201864982U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
condenser
drying
evaporimeter
clothes dryer
heat pump
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201020605022
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘锋
鲁益军
Original Assignee
Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 filed Critical Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司
Priority to CN 201020605022 priority Critical patent/CN201864982U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201864982U publication Critical patent/CN201864982U/en

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F58/00Domestic laundry dryers
    • D06F58/20General details of domestic laundry dryers 
    • D06F58/206Heat pump arrangements

Abstract

The utility model provides a heat pump clothes dryer. The clothes dryer comprises a control system, a refrigerating system and an air circulating system, wherein the refrigerating system comprises a compressor, condensers, evaporators and a throttle valve; the air circulating system comprises a clothes drying barrel, the evaporators, an evaporator fan, the condensers, a condenser fan, a wet hot air flow passage arranged among the clothes drying barrel and the evaporators, a low temperature dry air flow passage arranged among the evaporators and the condensers, and a dry air flow passage arranged among the condensers and the clothes drying barrel; the compressor is a variable-frequency compressor; the condensers comprise a first condenser and a second condenser which are connected in series; and a bypass pipeline is also arranged at the output end of the first condenser, so that refrigerants can choose to pass through the bypass pipeline and flow to the throttle valve. The clothes dryer provided by the utility model conducts dehumidification in a high temperature when the wet content is high, and conducts dehumidification in an intermediate temperature when the wet content is low, thereby achieving an obvious energy-saving effect.

Description

A kind of heat pump clothes dryer

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of equipment of drying clothes, more particularly, relates to a kind of heat pump clothes dryer.

Background technology

Under the condition of long-term wet weather, humidity, windy and dusty, outdoor multiplex (MUX) industry flue dust, the crowded not thoroughly suitable airing clothes of house, using dryer is very easily concerning family.Dryer is to utilize hot blast to make the cleaning class household electrical appliance of the instant evaporation drying of moisture in the washed clothing.

Dryer is divided into cabinet type and drum-type by version, and cabinet type machine is clothes to be hung over clothes hanger carry out drying in the baking oven, and capacity is bigger; Drum-type is that clothes is directly put in the cylinder, and is littler than cabinet type machine on volume.Dryer is divided into exhaust and removes wet type by the moisture wipe-out mode, and exhaust is directly to be discharged into the steam that clothes evaporates in the surrounding environment; Remove wet type and be to use circulating air, the clothes vapor evaporated is condensed into water by condenser, the discharge pipe line in the slave flows out again.The computer full rotation type dryer of band humidity sensor, can automatic measurement machine in relative humidity and carry out function control, instant autostop behind the drying, not only saves energy but also easy to use.

Mostly dryer in the market is the exhaust tumble drier, and its groundwork principle is to adopt the electric heating appliance heats laundry, uses the method for elevated temperature, reduction temperature, the air velocity that increases, expansion disengagement area, makes clothing quick-drying.Its mode of heating commonly used has heating wire heating, semiconductor (PTC) heating, with the heater that semiconductor is formed, is convenient to temperature and controls automatically, and is safe and reliable.It is not limited by weather condition, is the effective equipment that reduces the large tracts of land threshing ground and oven dry is provided at any time.But the nichrome wire heating element heater of most of dryer standard need consume a large amount of electric energy, and improper use is accident such as initiation fire very easily.

Dryer on the market also has except that wet type, as heat pump clothes dryer.Patent 200820058083.X, 02287667.7 discloses a kind of heat pump clothes dryer respectively, according to the condensation heat of refrigeration working medium wet fabric is heated up, and the moisture in the fabric becomes steam, utilizes evaporation to analyse the moor reason then steam is separated out.Just can realize not having the exhaust drying.But the dryer of above two patented technologies all can not solve the control parameter of regulating the drying process according to the humidity situation of fabric, high temperature dehumidifying when realizing that moisture removal is big, temperature dehumidifying in the moisture removal hour.The heat pump clothes dryer drying process refrigeration system power output of prior art is constant, can not adjust according to kind, weight, the dried wet degree of fabric.

The utility model content

The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is, high temperature dehumidifying in the time of can not realizing wet greatly measuring at above-mentioned dryer, the deficiency of temperature dehumidifying in during the low humidity amount, provide a kind of can be according to the heat pump clothes dryer of fabric humidity automatic adjustment system moisture removal, drying capacity is variable, to adapt to the needs of different fabrics and different humidity drying, reach the effect of energy savings.

The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of heat pump clothes dryer comprises control system; The refrigeration system of forming by frequency-changeable compressor, condenser, evaporimeter, choke valve; And by rotation drying bucket, evaporimeter and evaporator fan, condenser and condenser exhaust blower, be located at damp-heat air runner between rotation drying bucket and evaporimeter, be located at low temperature drying air flow channel between evaporimeter and condenser, be located at the air circulation system that the dry air runner between condenser and drying bucket is formed, described compressor is a frequency-changeable compressor, described condenser comprises first condenser and the second condenser group that is connected in series, and the output of described first condenser also is provided with by-pass line makes cold-producing medium can select to flow to choke valve by described by-pass line.

In the above-mentioned heat-pump-type drying, described evaporimeter comprises first evaporimeter and second evaporator bank that is connected in series, and the output of described first evaporimeter also is provided with by-pass line makes cold-producing medium can select to flow to frequency-changeable compressor by described by-pass line.

In the above-mentioned heat-pump-type drying, described drying bucket is a rotation drying tube, is made up of drying tube urceolus and drying tube rotating cylinder.

In the above-mentioned heat-pump-type drying, the bottom of described drying tube urceolus is provided with the dry air import, and the top has the damp-heat air steam vent.

In the above-mentioned heat-pump-type drying, the ladle body of described drying tube rotating cylinder is provided with a plurality of air vents, and the bottom of drying tube rotating cylinder is provided with osculum.

In the above-mentioned heat-pump-type drying, described drying tube rotating cylinder inwall is provided with helical form lifting muscle.

Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following advantage:

Heat pump clothes dryer of the present utility model, degree of drying by humidity sensor perception fabric, controller is according to humidity parameter that humidity sensor detected, come the rotating speed of control of conversion compressor by control of conversion power of compressor frequency, thereby the capacity of adjustment compressor unit interval, the heat exchange amount that makes condenser and evaporimeter are automatic conversion as required.Control first, second evaporimeter of heat pump clothes dryer refrigeration system simultaneously, the duty of first, second condenser makes dryer high temperature dehumidifying when big wet amount, during the low humidity amount in the temperature dehumidifying.

Heat pump clothes dryer of the present utility model is regulated automatically by the process of drying, can reduce dryer power consumption, energy savings.In addition, system carries out auto-alarm-signal keying device dryer of the present utility model reaches the numerical value of default setting when the fabric drying value after, avoids the drying overlong time and potential safety hazard such as clothing is burned, burning.The heated drying air of nozzle ejection is upwards sprayed towards the fabric that hangs along certain angle, makes fabric by heat even, has ensured that high-grade fabric is wrinkle resistant indeformable in dry run.

The utility model heat pump clothes dryer adopts the refrigeration system of frequency-changeable compressor, has huge energy-saving effect in the use.The heat pump clothes dryer that adopts common constant speed compressor all carries out with same operational factor during to the fabric drying of variety classes, different humidity, therefore, the phenomenon that invalid worker when the low humidity amount, can occur, and reactance capacity not only increases the heating of line loss and equipment, the reduction of power factor that main is causes the reduction of electric network active power, a large amount of reactive energy consumption make the equipment service efficiency low in the middle of circuit, and waste is serious.But use frequency-changeable compressor can reduce reactive loss, increased the active power of electrical network.In addition, when the efficient of compressor is fixed, the power consumption of compressor is approximated to cube relation of ratio with rotating speed.Therefore when power fix but flow after variable frequency adjustment, the compressor power consumption obviously descends, heat pump clothes dryer of the present utility model can be according to the power output of the Numerical Control frequency-changeable compressor of humidity sensor transmission, when low-frequency operation, reduce reactive loss and reduce power consumption, make dryer more energy-conservation.

Mechanicalness noise when the utility model heat pump clothes dryer frequency-changeable compressor does not have constant speed compressor startup and shutdown is particularly suitable for using in the little family of floor space.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the air circulation system structural representation of the utility model heat pump clothes dryer;

Fig. 2 is the drying barrel structure schematic diagram of the utility model heat pump clothes dryer;

Fig. 3 is the drying tube bottom structural representation of the utility model heat pump clothes dryer;

Fig. 4 is the refrigerant system configurations schematic diagram of the utility model heat pump clothes dryer.

The parts that each label is represented in the accompanying drawing are as follows: rotation drying tube 1, frequency-changeable compressor 2, condenser exhaust blower 30, first condenser 31, second condenser 32, dry air runner 33, evaporimeter induced-draught fan 40, first evaporimeter 41, second evaporimeter 42, damp-heat air runner 43, choke valve 5, low temperature drying air flow channel 53, header tank 7, unidirectional battery valve 8, liquid reservoir 9, drying tube rotating cylinder 10, drying tube urceolus 11, heated drying air inlet 12, first electromagnetic valve 62, second electromagnetic valve 64, the 3rd electromagnetic valve 61, the 4th electromagnetic valve 63, helical form lifting muscle 13.

The specific embodiment

Below pass through the specific embodiment, and the utility model is described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

The utility model heat pump clothes dryer can be regulated the temperature of heated drying air at different fabrics and different fabric humidity, as the suitable middle temperature is dried of silk, the canvas kind fabric is at the high suitable high temperature of initial dry period of moisture, and, avoid fabric Yin Gaowen hot wrinkling near the low end of a period of moisture suitable low temperature of dry period.Therefore, this heat pump clothes dryer adopts the cooling cycle system of frequency-changeable compressor 2 and two branch roads, makes the drying running parameter adjustable.This heat pump clothes dryer comprises control system, air circulation system and cooling cycle system, and control system comprises parts such as controller, humidity sensor, temperature sensor.In the work, air circulation is carried out in dryer, and the hot humid air in the rotation drying tube 1 enters the evaporimeter of refrigeration system rather than discharges dryer.

As shown in Figure 1, the structural representation of the air circulation system of the utility model heat pump clothes dryer.This air circulation system comprises damp-heat air runner 43, dry air runner 33, low temperature drying air flow channel 53 3 big air flow channels.Under the driving of evaporimeter induced-draught fan 40 and condenser exhaust blower 30, damp-heat air in the rotation drying tube 1 enters damp-heat air runner 43, under the forced convertion of evaporimeter induced-draught fan 40 drives, damp-heat air and cryogenic vaporizer carry out heat exchange, air themperature reduces, airborne water vapour is condensed into water droplet and flows into header tank 7, the air water capacity reduces the cold air that becomes drying and enters low temperature drying air flow channel 53, under the effect of condenser exhaust blower 30, carry out heat exchange with condenser, be transformed into the heated drying air of high temperature, enter rotation drying tube 1 from heated drying air runner 33, the fabric in the drying tube is heated the water evaporates of fabric, airborne humidity increases, the high temperature drying air has become the high temperature damp-heat air, enters evaporimeter again and advances to do the cooling and dehumidifying processing, and so circulation reaches the purpose of drying.

As shown in Figure 2, be the drying barrel structure schematic diagram of heat pump clothes dryer, rotation drying tube 1 is made up of drying tube rotating cylinder 10 and drying tube urceolus 11, the air circulation route of air-out on the air intake under adopting.The bottom of drying tube urceolus 11 is provided with a plurality of dry air imports, introduce in the rotation drying tube by the hot air delivery pipe road, top at drying tube urceolus has the damp-heat air steam vent, and damp-heat air steam vent thus leaves rotation drying tube under the guiding of evaporator fan.Drying tube rotating cylinder 10 ladle body facades at rotation drying tube have been opened a plurality of air vents, are convenient to heated drying air and contact with clothing.Drying tube rotating cylinder 10 inwalls are provided with many helical form lifting muscle 13, fabric is owing to the power of the up support that is subjected to helical form lifting muscle 13 is moving to upthrow in drying tube rotating cylinder 10 rotary courses, after reaching a certain height, freely falling body reaches fabric and fully contacts with hot-air in drying tube rotating cylinder 10 bottoms.The quantity of helical form lifting muscle 13 can be adjusted according to the drying capacity of dryer.In drying tube rotating cylinder 10 rotary courses, have the generation of fabric fibre bits, for evaporimeter and the condenser operate as normal that ensures heat-pump-type work clothes machine is not affected, be provided with screen pack (not shown in the accompanying drawing) in the hot-air inlets of drying tube bottom and the outlet of top damp-heat air, the order number of screen pack can be matched according to designing requirement and fabric type, and specific fabric is had a better control.Fig. 3 is a drying tube bottom structural representation, and the drying tube bottom is provided with a plurality of osculums, and the water in the drying tube in the clothing drying process is discharged from the osculum of bottom.

As shown in Figure 4, the heat pump clothes dryer refrigeration system is made up of evaporimeter, condenser, frequency-changeable compressor 2, choke valve 5, electromagnetic valve, unidirectional electrical magnet valve 8 and tube connector.The output of first evaporimeter is connected with the input of two electromagnetic valves respectively, the output of first electromagnetic valve 62 is connected with the input of second evaporimeter 42, the output of second evaporimeter 42 is connected with the input of unidirectional electrical magnet valve 8, the output of unidirectional electrical magnet valve 8 is connected with frequency-changeable compressor 2 by liquid reservoir 9, and the output of another electromagnetic valve is connected with frequency-changeable compressor 2 by liquid reservoir 9.

Connect at the pipeline of condenser, frequency-changeable compressor 2 is connected with first condenser, 31 inputs, and first condenser, 31 outputs are connected with the input of two electromagnetic valves respectively, forms the branch road of two refrigeration.On a refrigeration branch road, the output of the 3rd electromagnetic valve 61 is connected with the input of second condenser 32, and the output of second condenser 32 is connected with the input of unidirectional electrical magnet valve 8, and the output of unidirectional electrical magnet valve 8 is connected with the incoming end of choke valve 5.At another refrigeration branch road, the output of the 4th electromagnetic valve 63 connects choke valve 5.Controller is controlled the flow direction of cold-producing medium by the switching of control electromagnetic valve, when rotation rotation drying tube 1 is in wet greatly state, second electromagnetic valve 64 and the 4th battery valve 63 are closed, first battery valve 62 and the 3rd battery valve 61 are opened, cold-producing medium is discharged from frequency-changeable compressor 2, through first condenser 31, second condenser 32, arrive choke valve 5 by unidirectional electrical magnet valve 8, flow through first evaporimeter 41 and second evaporimeter 42 by choke valve 5 again, by unidirectional electrical magnet valve 8, finally get back in the frequency-changeable compressor 2.When rotation drying tube 1 is in the state of low humidity, battery valve 62 and the 3rd battery valve 61 are closed, second battery valve 64 and the 4th battery valve 63 are opened, cold-producing medium flows out from frequency-changeable compressor 2, arrive choke valve 5 through first condenser 31, flow to first evaporimeter 41 by choke valve 5, finally turn back in the frequency-changeable compressor 2 by first evaporimeter 41.Wherein the effect of unidirectional electrical magnet valve 8 is to prevent that cold-producing medium from flowing backwards, and reaches the effect of guard block operate as normal.

Temperature sensor is sent to the dryer controller with the temperature parameter value then by 1 interior air themperature of induction rotation drying tube, and the dryer controller sends instruction control of conversion compressor 2 and electromagnetic valve operation work again.Also by the degree of drying of perception fabric, fabric reaches mass dryness fraction and requires the back system to report to the police automatically humidity sensor, has avoided overdry textiles.

Heat pump clothes dryer of the present utility model also is provided with temperature sensor.For different fabrics; the drying maximum temperature value that default is different; when temperature sensor senses when the air themperature of rotation drying tube reaches the maximum temperature value of this fabric; controller control of conversion compressor shutdown keeps the dryer air circulation by evaporimeter induced-draught fan 40 and condenser exhaust blower 30.

The utility model can improve the drying capacity of drying machine rapidly, and under the less situation of small amount of fabric and low-temperature working load, drying capacity can change.Because the evaporimeter and the condenser working of dryer can be made accommodation according to the demand of cold, make dryer use energy-conserving and environment-protective more simultaneously, meet green designing requirement.

Claims (6)

1. a heat pump clothes dryer comprises control system; The refrigeration system of forming by frequency-changeable compressor (2), condenser, evaporimeter, choke valve (5); With by the rotation drying bucket (1), evaporimeter and evaporimeter induced-draught fan (40), condenser and condenser exhaust blower (30), be located at the damp-heat air runner (43) between rotation drying bucket and evaporimeter, be located at the low temperature drying air flow channel (53) between evaporimeter and condenser, be located at the air circulation system that the dry air runner (33) between condenser and drying bucket is formed, it is characterized in that: described compressor is frequency-changeable compressor (2), described condenser comprises first condenser (31) and second condenser (32) group that is connected in series, and the output of described first condenser (31) also is provided with by-pass line makes cold-producing medium can select to flow to choke valve (5) by described by-pass line.
2. heat pump clothes dryer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described evaporimeter comprises first evaporimeter (41) and second evaporimeter (42) that is connected in series, and the output of described first evaporimeter (41) also is provided with by-pass line makes cold-producing medium can select to flow to frequency-changeable compressor (2) by described by-pass line.
3. heat pump clothes dryer according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described drying bucket is a rotation drying tube, is made up of drying tube urceolus (11) and drying tube rotating cylinder (10).
4. heat pump clothes dryer according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the bottom of described drying tube urceolus (11) is provided with the dry air import, and the top has the damp-heat air steam vent.
5. heat pump clothes dryer according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the ladle body of described drying tube rotating cylinder (10) is provided with a plurality of air vents, and the bottom of drying tube rotating cylinder (10) is provided with osculum.
6. heat pump clothes dryer according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described drying tube rotating cylinder (10) inwall is provided with helical form lifting muscle (13).
CN 201020605022 2010-11-12 2010-11-12 Heat pump clothes dryer CN201864982U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201020605022 CN201864982U (en) 2010-11-12 2010-11-12 Heat pump clothes dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201020605022 CN201864982U (en) 2010-11-12 2010-11-12 Heat pump clothes dryer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201864982U true CN201864982U (en) 2011-06-15

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CN 201020605022 CN201864982U (en) 2010-11-12 2010-11-12 Heat pump clothes dryer

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102002843A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-04-06 Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 Heat pump type clothes dryer
CN104101146A (en) * 2013-04-03 2014-10-15 海尔集团公司 Refrigeration system and refrigeration equipment
CN104101145A (en) * 2013-04-03 2014-10-15 海尔集团公司 Control method and control circuit for refrigerating system
WO2014173149A1 (en) * 2013-04-24 2014-10-30 海尔集团公司 Control method for laundry dryer
CN104329820A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-02-04 合肥华凌股份有限公司 Refrigeration system and refrigeration equipment with refrigeration system
AU2013245540B2 (en) * 2012-10-22 2015-12-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Laundry machine
CN105603698A (en) * 2014-11-20 2016-05-25 无锡小天鹅股份有限公司 Air condensation type clothes dryer and cool source regulating device thereof
CN106436230A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-22 吴江市晓昱喷气织造有限公司 Condensation-type dryer
US9803313B2 (en) 2014-12-29 2017-10-31 Lg Electronics Inc. Clothes treating apparatus

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102002843A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-04-06 Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 Heat pump type clothes dryer
AU2013245540B2 (en) * 2012-10-22 2015-12-03 Lg Electronics Inc. Laundry machine
CN104101146A (en) * 2013-04-03 2014-10-15 海尔集团公司 Refrigeration system and refrigeration equipment
CN104101145A (en) * 2013-04-03 2014-10-15 海尔集团公司 Control method and control circuit for refrigerating system
CN104101146B (en) * 2013-04-03 2016-12-28 海尔集团公司 Refrigeration system and refrigeration plant
WO2014173149A1 (en) * 2013-04-24 2014-10-30 海尔集团公司 Control method for laundry dryer
US10161078B2 (en) 2013-04-24 2018-12-25 Haier Group Corporation Control method for laundry dryer
CN104329820A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-02-04 合肥华凌股份有限公司 Refrigeration system and refrigeration equipment with refrigeration system
CN105603698A (en) * 2014-11-20 2016-05-25 无锡小天鹅股份有限公司 Air condensation type clothes dryer and cool source regulating device thereof
US9803313B2 (en) 2014-12-29 2017-10-31 Lg Electronics Inc. Clothes treating apparatus
CN106436230A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-22 吴江市晓昱喷气织造有限公司 Condensation-type dryer
CN106436230B (en) * 2016-10-26 2019-03-05 吴江市晓昱喷气织造有限公司 A kind of condensed type drying machine

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110615

Termination date: 20131112