CN201849546U - Energy-saving wing plate for motor vehicle - Google Patents

Energy-saving wing plate for motor vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201849546U
CN201849546U CN2010205657604U CN201020565760U CN201849546U CN 201849546 U CN201849546 U CN 201849546U CN 2010205657604 U CN2010205657604 U CN 2010205657604U CN 201020565760 U CN201020565760 U CN 201020565760U CN 201849546 U CN201849546 U CN 201849546U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wing plate
degree
conserving
energy
roof
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010205657604U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石金成
石超
田园
田瑞民
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石金成
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Priority to CN2010205657604U priority Critical patent/CN201849546U/en
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Publication of CN201849546U publication Critical patent/CN201849546U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an energy-saving wing plate for a motor vehicle. The energy-saving wing plate for the motor vehicle is characterized in that a fixed wing plate (2) which is separated from the top surface of the vehicle by an interval and forms an elevation angle ranging from 0 degree to 20 degrees with the horizontal plane is arranged above the top surface of a motor vehicle body (1). The energy-saving wing plate for the motor vehicle changes the pneumatic layout of the motor vehicle, reduces the pressure from wheels of the motor vehicle to the ground through the extra lift force generated during low-speed traveling of the motor vehicle, causes the frictional resistance generated between the wheels and the road surface to be low so as to reduce the energy consumed during traveling, and can ensure the controllability of the vehicle and ensure the driving safety.

Description

The automobile energy-conserving wing plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to self-propelled vehicle aileron panel assembly, especially a kind of automobile energy-conserving wing plate that is applied in various self-propelled vehiclees such as car, utility van, passenger vehicle, lorry.
Background technology
At present, some automobiles are equipped with empennage, and promptly the spoiler of automobile refers to the add-in card of installing above the tailstock.The effect of spoiler mainly is in order to reduce the lift of vehicle afterbody.If the lift of the tailstock is bigger than the lift of headstock, just easily cause car to turn to too much, the trailing wheel earth-grasping force reduces, high stability is poor.Utilize the degree of dip of spoiler, make wind-force directly produce downward pressure, as the spoiler of F1 racing car afterbody, tilt 15 °, can reach the pressure more than 1000 kilograms when running at high speed.
The top cover trailing edge of some automobile wagon is installed spoiler, makes last minute air-flow of top cover be directed flowing through the rear window surface.The lift at rear window rear portion was reduced, and also bootable air-flow is eliminated rear window surface floating dust, avoids dustiness to adhere to and influences the automotive rear-view open country.Install spoiler additional to car, increased the air resistance coefficient of automobile greatly, improved the practical oil consumption of vehicle, and the speed of a motor vehicle is high more, consumption increase must be many more.
France physicist Bel exerts according to once having proved an aerodynamic theory, and promptly the speed of air flows and pressure are inversely proportional to.That is to say that air rate is fast more, pressure is more little; Air rate is slow more, and pressure is big more.For example the wing of aircraft is positive parabolical above being, air-flow is very fast; Below level and smooth, air-flow is slower, has formed the wing downforce greater than upward pressure, has produced lift.
Chinese patent CN200610050616.5 provides a kind of energy-saving flying-wing device of power actuated vehicle, it is characterized in that comprising: wing body, bracing frame, transmission device, sensor groups, central processing unit, executive circuit and electrical motor, wing body is fixed on motor-vehicle bodies top outside face by bracing frame, central processing unit rotates by sensor groups and executive circuit control motor, transmission device sends rotating torque to wing body, drives wing body and rotates.
Though above-mentioned patent application can produce certain lift during low speed in self-propelled vehicle, yet in the embodiment of this patent application, adopt two groups of devices independently to be installed in the front and rear portions car body surface of an equipment of small motor vehicle separately, two groups of devices are controlled separately by central process unit separately, independent running.Owing to be arranged on automotive front end, can influence pilot's line of vision, area is restricted, and the lift of generation is extremely limited, occurs probably not having energy-conserving action owing to install the phenomenon of the horizontal resistance of this device generation much larger than lift additional.In addition, because any minor alteration at the elevation angle of wing body all may make the aerodynamic feature generation acute variation of the body of motor vehicle of high-speed cruising, therefore, to having relatively high expectations of survey sensor, need have stable operating characteristic and higher survey precision, must cause cost to strengthen less stable, baroque drawback like this.
At present, each car production manufacturing firm all is devoted to study the own wt that alleviates automobile, and to reduce energy consumption and discharging, its common way all is a lightening material weight, such as making steelwork into Plastic Parts etc.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of automobile energy-conserving wing plate, energy efficient when having solved in the self-propelled vehicle low speed driving, the technical matters of emission abatement.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of automobile energy-conserving wing plate, the car body top face of self-propelled vehicle be provided with and the roof face between have spacing and with the horizontal surface elevation angle be the fixing wing plates of 0 degree to 20 degree.
Described wing plate is connected with the car body end face by hold-down arm or support.
Described wing plate rear end is 10 to 100 centimetres apart from the roof interplanar distance; Be preferably 25 to 40 centimetres.
Preferred 10 degree in the elevation angle of described wing plate are to 16 degree.
The shape of cross section of described wing plate is stream line pattern or triangle; The area size and the self-propelled vehicle top surface area sizableness of wing plate, perhaps wing plate length slightly is longer than roof face length degree, and the wing plate front end is held in face of slightly exceeding roof.
A kind of automobile energy-conserving wing plate, the car body top face of self-propelled vehicle be provided with and the roof face between have spacing and with the horizontal surface elevation angle be the adjustable wing plates of 0 degree to 20 degree.
Described wing plate front end is connected with car body by preceding hold-down arm, and the wing plate rear end is connected with car body by the back hold-down arm; Preceding hold-down arm and/or back hold-down arm are adjustable length structure.
Described wing plate rear end is 10 to 100 centimetres apart from the roof interplanar distance; Be preferably 25 to 40 centimetres.
Preferred 10 degree in the elevation angle of described wing plate are to 16 degree.
The shape of cross section of described wing plate is stream line pattern or triangle; The area size and the self-propelled vehicle top surface area sizableness of wing plate, perhaps wing plate length slightly is longer than roof face length degree, and the wing plate front end is held in face of slightly exceeding roof.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Energy-conservation wing plate of the present invention has changed the aerodynamic arrangement of self-propelled vehicle, in self-propelled vehicle during low speed driving, produce extra lift whereby, reduce vehicle wheels to ground-surface pressure, the friction drag that wheel and road surface produce is also little, the energy that is consumed when travelling is just few, and can guarantee the handling of automobile, guarantees traffic safety.
The present invention is simple in structure, and is easy to install, regulates flexibly, need not to change car body material, can reach the energy-saving and emission-reduction purpose.
Description of drawings
The view of automobile energy-conserving wing plate of the present invention when Fig. 1 is the driving of middle low speed.
One of state of automobile energy-conserving wing plate of the present invention scheme drawing when Fig. 2 is high speed traveling.
Two scheme drawings of the state of automobile energy-conserving wing plate of the present invention when Fig. 3 is high speed traveling.
Among the figure: 1 is that car body, 2 is that wing plate, 3 is that preceding hold-down arm, 4 is the back hold-down arm.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further described:
Automobile energy-conserving wing plate of the present invention, car body 1 top face of self-propelled vehicle be provided with and the roof face between have spacing and with the horizontal surface elevation angle be the fixing wing plates 2 of 0 degree to 20 degree.Wing plate 2 can be connected with car body 1 end face by hold-down arm or support.For example, hold-down arm is captiveed joint with the car body end face before and after wing plate 2 underruns, and perhaps wing plate 2 both sides are connected with the roof face by support.Wing plate 2 rear ends are 10 to 100 centimetres apart from the roof interplanar distance, are preferably 25 to 40 centimetres.Preferred 10 degree in the elevation angle of wing plate 2 are to 16 degree.The shape of cross section of wing plate 2 is stream line pattern or triangle, and the area size and the self-propelled vehicle top surface area sizableness of wing plate 2 with the area of effective increase wing plate 2, do not influence the safety of self-propelled vehicle simultaneously owing to do not exceed the self-propelled vehicle end face.The plan view shape of wing plate 2 depends on the shape of roof, can be rectangle, trapezoidal or other geometric configuration.
Automobile energy-conserving wing plate of the present invention, car body 1 top face of self-propelled vehicle be provided with and the roof face between have spacing and with the horizontal surface elevation angle be the adjustable wing plates 2 of 0 degree to 20 degree, wing plate 2 front ends are connected with car body 1 by preceding hold-down arm 3, wing plate 2 rear ends are connected with car body 1 by back hold-down arm 4, and preceding hold-down arm 3 and/or back hold-down arm 4 are adjustable length structure.
Preceding hold-down arm 3 and/or back hold-down arm 4 can be telescopic structure, as hydraulically extensible structure, cylinder stretching structure, it also can be the mechanical transmission structure that can make the wing plate angle of inclination variable, as drive the structure of the angular adjustment of wing plate 2 by connecting rod, tooth bar, worm screw, back and front supporting arm lengths varistructure can also be introduced the operator's compartment panel by intellectuality and operate, said structure can pass through existing techniques in realizing.Wing plate 2 rear ends are 10 to 100 centimetres apart from the roof interplanar distance, are preferably 25 to 40 centimetres.Preferred 10 degree in the elevation angle of wing plate 2 are to 16 degree.The shape of cross section of wing plate 2 is stream line pattern or triangle; The area size and the self-propelled vehicle top surface area sizableness of wing plate 2.The area of wing plate 2 is big more, acts on obviously more, is example with the car, and wing plate length can be 1.2 to 1.5 meters, and wing plate 2 width can be 1.2 to 1.4 meters.The other types self-propelled vehicle is analogized selection.Perhaps, wing plate length slightly is longer than roof face length degree, and the wing plate front end is held in face of slightly exceeding roof, so in motion, because the effect of wind-force can further improve lift.
As Fig. 1, wing plate 2 is obliquely installed, wing plate 2 front end height, rear end are low, during low speed driving, air produces the application force that car body is upwards held up under the effect of wing plate 2 in the self-propelled vehicle, effectively alleviate self-propelled vehicle to surface pressure, wheel reduces the friction drag that ground produces, and makes the self-propelled vehicle consumption energy still less, and reduces discharge of harmful gases.
As Fig. 2, when the self-propelled vehicle high speed is travelled, wing plate 2 is horizontally disposed with, air is under the effect of wing plate 2, produce certain application force that car body is upwards held up, surface pressure and wheel are reduced that to the friction drag that ground produces certain help is arranged alleviating self-propelled vehicle, but this moment, important effect is the uneven lift in car body front and rear part of balancing motor vehicle, and it is stable to keep motor-driven vehicle going.
As Fig. 3, when self-propelled vehicle is run at high speed, but the wing plate 2 furnishing angles of depression are provided with, and wing plate 2 front ends are low, the rear end is high, during motor-driven vehicle going, air is under the effect of wing plate 2, the pressure that generation is downward with car body effectively increases the friction drag that self-propelled vehicle produces ground surface pressure and wheel, increases the self-propelled vehicle earth-grasping force, prevent hydro-planing, it is stable to keep motor-driven vehicle going.
Wing plate 2 is generally hollow structure, and the hollow structure that can utilize wing plate is with the additional baggage container of 2 whiles of wing plate as the self-propelled vehicle roof.
Principle of work of the present invention is:
Energy-conservation wing plate of the present invention has changed the aerodynamic arrangement of self-propelled vehicle, in self-propelled vehicle during low speed driving, because the air lift force that self produces is less, even it is very little, at this moment, suitable lift plays good actv. facilitation for self-propelled vehicle energy-conservation, at this moment, high back is low before the energy-conservation wing plate of the present invention, produce extra lift whereby, reduce vehicle wheels to ground-surface pressure, the friction drag that wheel and road surface produce is also little, the energy that is consumed when travelling is just few, and reduces discharge of harmful gases.We can utilize the pressure of this buoyancy lift partial offset tare road pavement, make the self-propelled vehicle consumption energy still less on the whole, reduce the consumption of driving engine effect horse power, thereby reach the purpose of energy-saving and emission-reduction, and can guarantee the handling of automobile, guarantee traffic safety.
Supposing to get area of foil is 1.8 sq ms, and the elevation angle is 15 degree, then according to wing plate lift formula, can obtain following result:
When the speed of a motor vehicle for per hour 60 kilometers the time, about 200 kilograms of lift,
When the speed of a motor vehicle for per hour 80 kilometers the time, about 370 kilograms of lift,
When the speed of a motor vehicle for per hour 100 kilometers the time, about 570 kilograms of lift;
This shows the energy-saving effect highly significant.
Embodiment recited above is described preferred implementation of the present invention; be not that design of the present invention and scope are limited; do not breaking away under the design concept prerequisite of the present invention; common engineering staff make technical scheme of the present invention in this area various modification and improvement; all should fall into protection scope of the present invention, the technology contents that the present invention asks for protection all is documented in claims.

Claims (10)

1. automobile energy-conserving wing plate, it is characterized in that car body (1) top face at self-propelled vehicle is provided with and the roof face between have spacing and with the horizontal surface elevation angle be the fixing wing plates (2) of 0 degree to 20 degree.
2. automobile energy-conserving wing plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that described wing plate (2) is connected with car body (1) end face by hold-down arm or support.
3. automobile energy-conserving wing plate according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that described wing plate (2) rear end is 10 to 100 centimetres apart from the roof interplanar distance; Be preferably 25 to 40 centimetres.
4. automobile energy-conserving wing plate according to claim 1 and 2, preferred 10 degree in the elevation angle that it is characterized in that described wing plate (2) are to 16 degree.
5. automobile energy-conserving wing plate according to claim 1 and 2, the shape of cross section that it is characterized in that described wing plate (2) is stream line pattern or triangle; The area size and the self-propelled vehicle top surface area sizableness of wing plate (2), perhaps wing plate (2) length slightly is longer than roof face length degree, and wing plate (2) front end is held in face of slightly exceeding roof.
6. automobile energy-conserving wing plate, it is characterized in that car body (1) top face at self-propelled vehicle is provided with and the roof face between have spacing and with the horizontal surface elevation angle be the adjustable wing plates (2) of 0 degree to 20 degree.
7. automobile energy-conserving wing plate according to claim 6 is characterized in that described wing plate (2) front end is connected with car body (1) by preceding hold-down arm (3), and wing plate (2) rear end is connected with car body (1) by back hold-down arm (4); Preceding hold-down arm (3) and/or back hold-down arm (4) are adjustable length structure.
8. according to claim 6 or 7 described automobile energy-conserving wing plates, it is characterized in that described wing plate (2) rear end is 10 to 100 centimetres apart from the roof interplanar distance; Be preferably 25 to 40 centimetres.
9. according to claim 6 or 7 described automobile energy-conserving wing plates, preferred 10 degree in the elevation angle that it is characterized in that described wing plate (2) are to 16 degree.
10. according to claim 6 or 7 described automobile energy-conserving wing plates, the shape of cross section that it is characterized in that described wing plate (2) is stream line pattern or triangle; The area size and the self-propelled vehicle top surface area sizableness of wing plate (2), perhaps wing plate (2) length slightly is longer than roof face length degree, and wing plate (2) front end is held in face of slightly exceeding roof.
CN2010205657604U 2010-10-18 2010-10-18 Energy-saving wing plate for motor vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN201849546U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205657604U CN201849546U (en) 2010-10-18 2010-10-18 Energy-saving wing plate for motor vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205657604U CN201849546U (en) 2010-10-18 2010-10-18 Energy-saving wing plate for motor vehicle

Publications (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106004619A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 国网河南镇平县供电公司 Electric power breakdown van
CN107444504A (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-12-08 丰田自动车株式会社 Aerodynamic Device
US10730570B2 (en) 2018-04-20 2020-08-04 Autaero LLC Enhanced vehicle efficiency using airfoil to raise rear wheels above road surface

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107444504A (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-12-08 丰田自动车株式会社 Aerodynamic Device
CN106004619A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 国网河南镇平县供电公司 Electric power breakdown van
US10730570B2 (en) 2018-04-20 2020-08-04 Autaero LLC Enhanced vehicle efficiency using airfoil to raise rear wheels above road surface

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110601

Termination date: 20121018