CN201764749U - Simple, efficient and reliable air conditioner water heater - Google Patents

Simple, efficient and reliable air conditioner water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201764749U
CN201764749U CN2010202451309U CN201020245130U CN201764749U CN 201764749 U CN201764749 U CN 201764749U CN 2010202451309 U CN2010202451309 U CN 2010202451309U CN 201020245130 U CN201020245130 U CN 201020245130U CN 201764749 U CN201764749 U CN 201764749U
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water
valve
heat exchanger
interface
hot water
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CN2010202451309U
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Chinese (zh)
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陈则韶
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陈则韶
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a simple, efficient and reliable air conditioner water heater which comprises a refrigerant circuit, a hot water condensation heat exchanger, a hot water storage tank and a signal acquisition and circuit control system. A scheme I is characterized in that an exhaust outlet of a compressor is connected with a gas inlet of a tee valve; a first gas outlet of the tee valve is connected with a refrigerant inlet of the hot water condensation heat exchanger, and a second gas outlet is communicated with a first port of a four-way valve and a refrigerant outlet of the hot water condensation heat exchanger; a second port, a third port and a fourth port of the four-way valve are respectively connected with upper ports of an outdoor air heat exchanger and an indoor air heat exchanger, and a gas inlet of a gas liquid separator, and capillary pipes are connected between lower ports of the outdoor and indoor air heat exchangers in series; a gas outlet of the gas liquid separator is connected with a gas inlet of the compressor; and an electromagnetic guide valve low-pressure gas outlet pipe of the tee valve is communicated with a suction pipe of the compressor, and an electromagnetic guide valve high-pressure gas inlet pipe of the four-way valve is communicated with an exhaust pipe of the compressor. A scheme II is characterized in that the hot water condensation heat exchanger is added between the exhaust outlet of the compressor and a gas inlet of the tee valve and in the refrigerant circulation circuit of an air conditioner, to communicate the electromagnetic guide valve high-pressure gas inlet pipe of the four-way valve and the exhaust pipe of the compressor. Both the schemes have four functions: water heating and refrigeration, water heating, refrigeration, and heating. The air conditioner water heater has a simple structure and can be switched reliably and run stably, and the split installation is convenient and efficient.

Description

Simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device
Technical field
The utility model relates to refrigeration air conditioner, Teat pump boiler and field of energy-saving technology.
Background technology
Existing air conditioner is only useful in two seasons of winter in summer, and spring, autumn are caused the seasonality waste of equipment and fund generally by idle.Utilize the condensation heat of air-conditioner compression refrigeration circulation to heat the Teat pump boiler of water, substitute domestic, electric water heater, can economize on electricity 70%, energy-saving effect is obvious, and market potential is huge.But commercially available air source hot pump water heater has only the unitary system hot water function at present, can not realize cold and hot comprehensive utilization.And existing many patented technologies that relate to multifunctional heat pump, a plurality of magnetic valves or a plurality of cross valve are all disposed in its refrigerating circuit, and refrigerant circulation loop complex structure, valve have leakage unavoidably, fault rate height, poor reliability; Although this case applicant is engaged in the research of cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating three-purpose machine over 10 years always, declare and be authorized to a plurality of relevant patented technologies, for example: a kind of energy saving tripurpose machine for hot and cold air conditioning and supplying hot water (patent No.: 00264455.x), energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating three-purpose machine (the patent No.: 02116049.X) of a kind of four seasons, air source hot pump water heater (the patent No.: 200510053315.3) of band fair water sleeves heat exchanger storage tank, heat-pump hot-water unit (the patent No.: 200610085913.3) etc. that the water internal circulation heat-exchanging loop is arranged, still dislike refrigerant loop configuration valve many, still cold-producing medium occurring stores up in the various heat exchange device and stays inequality, cause cold-producing medium phenomenon on the high side or on the low side occurring, influence unit efficiency at different circulation times; Being connected of hot water coagulation heat exchanger and storage tank and refrigeration cycle is the difficult point of installing always in addition, and these reasons have hindered its marketization, make three-way set not bring into play fine effect in the low-carbon economy epoch.
The utility model content
In order to advance multifunctional cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device to enter into market, in energy-conservation, play a role, need overcome the above-mentioned deficiency of its prior art, the simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device that the utility model proposes, to further simplify its refrigerating circuit structure, improve the reliability that switch in the loop, conveniently select energy conservation model, reduce fault rate simultaneously, reduce the valves leakage influence, make the complete machine production cost lower, install more convenient, move more stablely, efficient is higher.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model I is:
Simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device includes refrigerant circuit systems, hot water coagulation heat exchanger, heat storage water tank, signals collecting and circuit control system; The control signal of gathering includes refrigerant evaporator outlet temperature, boiler coolant-temperature gage and indoor, outside air temperature, compressor air suction pressure and pressure at expulsion etc.; The compressor of described refrigerant circuit systems, flow controller, outdoor wind heat exchanger and fan thereof, cross valve, filter, gas-liquid separator etc. are installed in the off-premises station, and indoor set is equipped with indoor wind heat exchanger and fan thereof; Outdoor casing is provided with first and second two angle valves that are connected with the upper and lower end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger, the refrigerant line of indoor set and off-premises station is coupled together with the pipe that removably connects by these two angle valves; The refrigerant passage of described hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected on the refrigerant circuit systems, and its water passage and heat storage water tank and inlet tube and outlet tube etc. are formed the hot water heat-exchange system; Described heat storage water tank has heat-insulation layer, is provided with to replenish water inlet interface and hot water effluent's interface; The individual interface of cross valve main valve body one side is designated as cross valve first interface, three interfaces of the opposite side of cross valve main valve body, when fixing on the cross valve coil approximately and not having electricity with first interface in the interface that is communicated be cross valve second interface, when the cross valve coil has electricity with first interface in the interface that is communicated be cross valve the 3rd interface, interface placed in the middle is cross valve the 4th interface, promptly when the cross valve coil has electricity with in the 3rd interface, be not communicated with, again when the cross valve coil has electricity with second interface in the interface that is communicated with; Described flow controller is capillary or electric expansion valve or heating power expansion valve;
It is characterized in that: described refrigerant circuit systems also includes a triple valve; Described refrigerant loop connected mode is, the exhaust outlet of compressor is connected with the air inlet of triple valve, first gas outlet of triple valve, when promptly the triple valve coil has electricity with air inlet in the interface that is communicated with, be not connected with the refrigerant inlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger; Second gas outlet of triple valve and the refrigerant outlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger and cross valve first interface tee joint that connects; Cross valve second and third, four interfaces respectively with the last end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger, outdoor casing on the air inlet of second angle valve that is connected with the last end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger, gas-liquid separator connect; The gas outlet of gas-liquid separator is connected with the air inlet of compressor; The following end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger is connected with the import of flow controller, or is connected in series with filter therebetween; First angle valve that is connected with the following end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger on the outlet of flow controller and the outdoor casing connects; Fill cold-producing medium in the loop that is linked to be; Described flow controller is that double fluid is to flow controller; Described triple valve is the Pneumatic three-way valve that has solenoid pilot valve, and the low pressure escape pipe of solenoid pilot valve is directly connected on the compressor suction duct of refrigerant loop; Described cross valve is the Pneumatic four-way valve that has solenoid pilot valve, and the high-pressure pipe of solenoid pilot valve is directly connected on the compressor exhaust pipe of refrigerant loop; Described refrigerant circuit systems can organize heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, heat gas and defrost five kinds of circulations;
Described hot water coagulation heat exchanger is efficient jar pipe heat exchanger or plate type heat exchanger or coaxial sleeve heat exchanger, with the supporting use of water circulating pump; Or place the spiral coil heat exchanger in the heat storage water tank or have the spiral coil heat exchanger of water conservancy diversion sleeve pipe;
Described heat storage water tank has two kinds of forms, and a kind of is bearing type heat-storing water tank, and another kind is non-bearing type heat-storing water tank; Join the heat storage water tank that water circulating pump is used, be provided with water tank circulation water-in and water-out interface and replenish water inlet, hot water effluent's interface; Water tank cyclic water outlet interface is fetched water in the water tank lowest water level; Water tank circulation water inlet interface and additional water inlet interface, the water tank middle part water level of intaking, water tank circulation water inlet interface or the additional water inlet of double as interface; Hot water effluent's interface is fetched water in the water tank upper water level; Water tank superpressure safety valve is installed on the arm of hot water effluent's mouthpiece; Hot water effluent's interface of described non-bearing type heat storage water tank adopt ball float traction flexible pipe to fetch water in the water tank upper water level, and the rigid joint of hot water effluent's interface is connected, and hot water effluent's valve is installed on the hot water outlet pipe with the hot water outlet pipe at water tank bottom; The non-bearing type heat storage water tank also is provided with the overflow water interface at water tank top water level, is connected on hot water effluent's valve hot water outlet pipe afterwards with overflow pipe, and water level controller is installed in the water tank; The heat storage water tank of built-in spiral coil heat exchanger only is provided with and replenishes water inlet, hot water effluent's interface, replenishes the water inlet interface at the water tank lowest water level, and hot water effluent's interface is at the water tank peak level;
Described hot water heat-exchange system has two kinds of forced convection circulating hot water heat-exchange system and free convection hot water heat-exchange systems; Its forced convection cycle heat exchange system comprises hot water coagulation heat exchanger, heat storage water tank, water circulating pump, replenishes water inlet pipe, hot water outlet pipe, water intaking valve, water inlet check valve, outlet valve, temperature measurement and control system and heat storage water tank pressure security protection system; Its water route connected mode is: the water tank cyclic water outlet interface of heat storage water tank is connected with water circulating pump water inlet interface, water circulating pump water outlet interface is connected with the water inlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, the delivery port of hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected to water tank circulation water inlet interface, the water tank middle part water level of intaking; Replenish the water inlet pipe interface and be connected with additional water inlet interface, or the water tank circulation water inlet interface that also is connected in parallel with the delivery port of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, replenish on the water inlet pipe into water check valve and water intaking valve are installed; Hot water effluent's interface of heat storage water tank is connected with user's hot water feeding pipe; The spiral coil heat exchanger of the hot water coagulation heat exchanger of the free convection hot water heat-exchange system of described hot water heat-exchange system or have the spiral coil heat exchanger of water conservancy diversion sleeve pipe, directly place in the heat storage water tank, its water route connected mode is, replenish water inlet pipe and be connected with the additional water inlet interface of heat storage water tank bottom, the hot water outlet pipe is connected with hot water effluent's interface at heat storage water tank top;
Described double fluid is double-current to capillary to flow controller, or double-current to electric expansion valve, or double fluid is to heating power expansion valve; Described double fluid is that double fluid is to equal length or double-current to the unequal length capillary restrictor to capillary restrictor; Double fluid is the single capillary flow controller to the equal length flow controller, or 2 flow controllers that above equal length capillary paralleling constitutes; Double fluid is to the unequal length capillary restrictor, be with two unequal length capillaries flow controller of reverse direction flow parallel connection again of respectively connecting after the check valve, or first and second two sections capillary series connection, the check valve and second capillary paralleling, two sections capillaries of the import of check valve and first and second connect the flow controller that end is connected altogether;
Described refrigerant circuit systems organize heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, the electric switch control mode and the cold-producing medium flow process that heat five kinds of circulations of gas and defrosting is respectively:
(1) heat the double refrigeration of water: compressor leaves, the coil no power of triple valve, cross valve, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is closed down, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → hot water coagulation heat exchanger (heating water) → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger (supercooled liquid path) → flow controller → filter → indoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(2) heat water: compressor leaves, triple valve coil no power, and the cross valve coil electricity, outdoor machine fan is opened, and indoor machine fan is closed down, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → hot water coagulation heat exchanger (heating water) → cross valve → indoor wind heat exchanger (supercooled liquid path) → filter → flow controller → outdoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(3) refrigeration gas: compressor leaves, the triple valve coil electricity, and cross valve coil no power, indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger (heat release) → flow controller → filter → indoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(4) heat gas: compressor leaves, the triple valve coil electricity, and the cross valve coil electricity, indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → cross valve → indoor wind heat exchanger (heat release) → filter → flow controller → outdoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(5) defrosting mode: compressor leaves, the triple valve coil electricity, and cross valve coil no power, indoor machine fan closes, and outdoor machine fan closes, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger (heat release defrost) → flow controller → filter → indoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
Described hot water coagulation heat exchanger or be disposed in the outdoor casing, or be disposed in the heat storage water tank, or be disposed on off-premises station and the refrigerant line that heat storage water tank is connected; When back two kinds of configuration modes, have additional two angle valves that are connected with the cold-producing medium import and export of hot water coagulation heat exchanger on the outdoor casing; Water circulating pump or place in the outdoor casing, or place on the outer hot water coagulation heat exchanger of off-premises station and the water route that heat storage water tank is connected.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model II is:
Simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device includes refrigerant circuit systems, hot water coagulation heat exchanger, heat storage water tank, signals collecting and circuit control system; The control signal of gathering includes refrigerant evaporator outlet temperature, boiler coolant-temperature gage and indoor, outside air temperature, compressor air suction pressure and pressure at expulsion etc.; The compressor of described refrigerant circuit systems, flow controller, outdoor wind heat exchanger and fan thereof, cross valve, filter, gas-liquid separator etc. are installed in the off-premises station, and indoor set is equipped with indoor wind heat exchanger and fan thereof; Outdoor casing is provided with first and second two angle valves that are connected with the upper and lower end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger, the refrigerant line of indoor set and off-premises station is coupled together with the pipe that removably connects by these two angle valves; The refrigerant passage of described hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected on the refrigerant circuit systems, and its water passage and heat storage water tank and inlet tube and outlet tube etc. are formed the hot water heat-exchange system; Described heat storage water tank has heat-insulation layer, is provided with to replenish water inlet interface and hot water effluent's interface; Described flow controller is capillary or electric expansion valve or heating power expansion valve;
It is characterized in that: the connected mode of described refrigerant circuit systems is, the exhaust outlet of compressor is connected with the refrigerant inlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, and the refrigerant outlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected with first interface of cross valve; Cross valve second and third, four interfaces, respectively with the last end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger, outdoor casing on the air inlet of second angle valve, the gas-liquid separator that are connected with the last end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger connect; First angle valve that is connected with the following end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger on the following end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger and the outdoor casing is connected with the two-port of flow controller respectively, therebetween on the pipeline of Lian Jieing or filter is installed; The gas outlet of gas-liquid separator is connected with the air inlet of compressor, fills cold-producing medium in the loop that is linked to be; Described cross valve is the Pneumatic four-way valve that has solenoid pilot valve, and the high-pressure pipe of its solenoid pilot valve will directly be linked on the compressor exhaust pipe; Described flow controller is that double fluid is to flow controller; Described refrigerant circuit systems can organize heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, heat gas and defrost five kinds of circulations;
Described hot water coagulation heat exchanger is efficient jar pipe heat exchanger or plate type heat exchanger or coaxial sleeve heat exchanger, with the supporting use of water circulating pump; Or place the spiral coil heat exchanger in the heat storage water tank or have the spiral coil heat exchanger of water conservancy diversion sleeve pipe;
Described heat storage water tank has two kinds of forms, and a kind of is bearing type heat-storing water tank, and another kind is non-bearing type heat-storing water tank; Join the heat storage water tank that water circulating pump is used, be provided with water tank circulation water-in and water-out interface and replenish water inlet, hot water effluent's interface; Water tank cyclic water outlet interface is fetched water in the water tank lowest water level; Water tank circulation water inlet interface and additional water inlet interface, the water tank middle part water level of intaking, water tank circulation water inlet interface or the additional water inlet of double as interface; Hot water effluent's interface is fetched water in the water tank upper water level; Water tank superpressure safety valve is installed on the arm of hot water effluent's mouthpiece; Hot water effluent's interface of described non-bearing type heat storage water tank adopt ball float traction flexible pipe to fetch water in the water tank upper water level, and the rigid joint of hot water effluent's interface is connected, and hot water effluent's valve is installed on the hot water outlet pipe with the hot water outlet pipe at water tank bottom; The non-bearing type heat storage water tank also is provided with the overflow water interface at water tank top water level, is connected on hot water effluent's valve hot water outlet pipe afterwards with overflow pipe, and water level controller is installed in the water tank; The heat storage water tank of built-in spiral coil heat exchanger only is provided with and replenishes water inlet, hot water effluent's interface, replenishes the water inlet interface at the water tank lowest water level, and hot water effluent's interface is at the water tank peak level;
Described hot water heat-exchange system has two kinds of forced convection circulating hot water heat-exchange system and free convection hot water heat-exchange systems; Its forced convection cycle heat exchange system comprises hot water coagulation heat exchanger, heat storage water tank, water circulating pump, replenishes water inlet pipe, hot water outlet pipe, water intaking valve, water inlet check valve, outlet valve, temperature measurement and compositions such as control system and pressure security protection system; Its water route connected mode is: the water tank cyclic water outlet interface of heat storage water tank is connected with water circulating pump water inlet interface, water circulating pump water outlet interface is connected with the water inlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, the delivery port of hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected to water tank circulation water inlet interface, the water tank middle part water level of intaking; Replenish the water inlet pipe interface and be connected with additional water inlet interface, or the water tank circulation water inlet interface that also is connected in parallel with the delivery port of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, replenish on the water inlet pipe into water check valve and water intaking valve are installed; Hot water effluent's interface of heat storage water tank is connected with user's hot water feeding pipe; The spiral coil heat exchanger of the hot water coagulation heat exchanger of the free convection hot water heat-exchange system of described hot water heat-exchange system or have the spiral coil heat exchanger of water conservancy diversion sleeve pipe, directly place in the heat storage water tank, its water route connected mode is, replenish water inlet pipe and be connected with the additional water inlet interface of heat storage water tank bottom, the hot water outlet pipe is connected with hot water effluent's interface at heat storage water tank top;
Described double fluid is double-current to capillary to flow controller, or double-current to electric expansion valve, or double fluid is to heating power expansion valve; Described double fluid is that double fluid is to equal length or double-current to the unequal length capillary restrictor to capillary restrictor; Double fluid is the single capillary flow controller to the equal length flow controller, or 2 flow controllers that above equal length capillary paralleling constitutes; Double fluid is to the unequal length capillary restrictor, be with two unequal length capillaries flow controller of reverse direction flow parallel connection again of respectively connecting after the check valve, or first and second two sections capillary series connection, the check valve and second capillary paralleling, two sections capillaries of the import of check valve and first and second connect the flow controller that end is connected altogether;
Described refrigerant circuit systems organize heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, heat the electric switch control mode of five kinds of circulations of gas and defrosting, and the cold-producing medium flow process is respectively:
(1) heat the water kind of refrigeration cycle of holding concurrently: compressor leaves, and the cross valve coil does not have electricity, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan closes, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger (heating water) → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger (supercooled liquid path) → filter → flow controller → indoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor.
(2) heat the water circulation: compressor leaves, the cross valve coil electricity, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and indoor machine fan is closed down, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger (heating water) → cross valve → indoor wind heat exchanger (supercooled liquid path) → flow controller J → filter → outdoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor.
(3) refrigeration gas circulation: compressor leaves, and the cross valve coil does not have electricity, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger (crossing hot gas path) → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger (heat release) → filter → flow controller → indoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor.
(4) heat the gas circulation: compressor leaves, the cross valve coil electricity, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger (crossing hot gas path) → cross valve → indoor wind heat exchanger (heat release) → flow controller → filter → outdoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor.
(5) defrost cycle: compressor starts, and the cross valve coil has electricity, and indoor machine fan closes, and outdoor machine fan closes, and water circulating pump stops.Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger (crossing hot gas path) → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger (heat release defrost) → filter → stream device → indoor wind heat exchanger (heat absorption) → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
Described hot water coagulation heat exchanger or be disposed in the outdoor casing, or be disposed in the heat storage water tank, or be disposed on off-premises station and the refrigerant line that heat storage water tank is connected; When back two kinds of configuration modes, have additional two angle valves that are connected with the cold-producing medium import and export of hot water coagulation heat exchanger on the outdoor casing; Water circulating pump or place in the outdoor casing, or place on the outer hot water coagulation heat exchanger of off-premises station and the water route that heat storage water tank is connected.
Innovative point of the present utility model is:
1, the refrigerant circulation loop of She Ji cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device is simple in structure: compare with existing cooling and heating air conditioner, technical scheme II of the present invention refrigerant loop in only between exhaust outlet of compressor and cross valve air inlet, added a hot water coagulation heat exchanger, by improvement, the cross valve that uses in gas circuit when changing feed liquor into, also can be switched freely in air inlet to the control gas circuit of cross valve; Therefore only adopt the switching of a cross valve, cooperate water circulating pump, outdoor machine fan, the start-stop of indoor machine fan, can organize heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, heat gas and the defrosting multi-functional air conditioner hot water machine of totally five kinds of circulations.Its successful key point is: the high-pressure pipe of the solenoid pilot valve of cross valve is directly linked on the compressor exhaust pipe, rather than intactly be connected on the air inlet pipe of cross valve main valve body.Because, higher pressure refrigerant gas by the hot water coagulation heat exchanger in heating the water circulation has condensed into liquid, the original air inlet of cross valve becomes liquid-inlet, the high-pressure pipe of the solenoid pilot valve that is connected with cross valve main valve body air inlet pipe can not obtain gases at high pressure, also just can't provide gases at high pressure, change the cross valve path direction to the piston cavity at cross valve main valve body two ends.The hot water coagulation heat exchanger that before the cross valve air inlet, increases in the refrigerant loop of technical scheme II, this point is innovation not very, because being a lot of patents of invention and utility model, this all mentions, but, if the control gas circuit of cross valve is not improved, multi-functional circulation just can not realize, can not reliable and stablely move in other words.Have only the full implementation of technical solution of the present invention II, be only feasible innovation.The switching construction of technical scheme is the simplest; But, when long-time kind of refrigeration cycle, the hot water of hot water coagulation heat exchanger otherwise the heat of the overheated gas of higher pressure refrigerant gas is received in disconnecting, temperature can slowly raise, and surely not surpasses the compressor air-discharging maximum temperature.
2 at the technical solution of the utility model I, than technical scheme II between the import of the gas outlet of the compressor of refrigerant loop and cross valve, add a triple valve, it makes simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device, remain with the function of cooling and heating air conditioner fully, and it is certain strictly to control the hot water temperature.Adopt the technical solution of the utility model I, heating two circulation times that water is held concurrently and freezed and heat water, first and second interface pressure of giving vent to anger of triple valve is equal substantially, interior leakage can not appear, improved stability, can all reclaim the condensation heat of compression refrigerant gas, the highest heat recovery efficiency has been arranged; And, heating water when holding concurrently kind of refrigeration cycle, the hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected on before the outdoor wind heat exchanger, and outdoor wind heat exchanger is the subcooler of refrigerant liquid, can also improve refrigerating capacity.Technical scheme I has peak performance efficient.The key problem in technology point of guaranteeing technical scheme I success is: used triple valve and cross valve in the refrigerating circuit, all passed through transformation, the blast pipe of the solenoid pilot valve of the triple valve that is made into by existing cross valve is connected on the compressor suction duct, and the air inlet pipe of the solenoid pilot valve of the cross valve that is made into by existing cross valve is connected on the compressor exhaust pipe.There has been this improvement to make and switched reliably, stable performance.
3, adopt compact efficient formula hot water coagulation heat exchanger, miniaturization is made separately, the production efficiency height, and cost is low.Therefore, can be installed in the hot water coagulation heat exchanger in the outdoor casing, the hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected with circulating water line with heat storage water tank, than connecting with the fluorine pipeline, not only be convenient to install and user's use, reduce the connecting line cost, and reduce the leakage probability of refrigerant loop.In addition, adopt water circulating pump forced circulation heat exchange mode, improved the heat transfer efficiency of hot water coagulation heat exchanger greatly, the Energy Efficiency Ratio of unit is further improved.
4, joining the heat storage water tank that water circulating pump uses is provided with water tank circulation water-in and water-out interface and replenishes water inlet, hot water effluent's interface, water tank cyclic water outlet interface is at the water tank foot, hot water effluent's interface should be from the water intaking of water tank peak level, and this design is that everybody adopts; But, the additional water inlet interface of the technical program, be not common water inlet in water tank bottom, but the water tank middle part water level of intaking; The water tank circulation water inlet interface of the technical program is not the water tank upper water level of intaking usually, but the water tank middle part water level of intaking; Water circulating pump is installed on the circulation inlet pipeline of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, the running water water inlet is not the water inlet that is connected water circulating pump, but in parallel with the recirculated water water outlet interface of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, receive on the cistern circulated water water inlet interface water tank middle part water level of promptly intaking; This design, be that to fully take into account heat pump the best operating mode of exerting oneself be that condensation temperature is in 35~50 ℃ of intervals, if the running water temperature is very low in the winter time, allow 7 ℃ of running water directly pass through the hot water coagulation heat exchanger when for example 7 ℃ of users take hot water continuously, the condensing pressure of heat pump can be very low, it is normal 30% that the exerting oneself of Teat pump boiler has only, and can not normally move; And design of the present utility model, the running water that replenishes enters the water tank middle part, and the hot water blending of cold water and water tank middle and lower part makes the circulating water temperature that enters the hot water coagulation heat exchanger far above the temperature of replenishing running water, be lower than the average water temperature of heat storage water tank again, be suitable for heat pump work again most.When the check valve of installing on the running water water inlet pipe avoided tap water pressure not enough, hot water outflow and force water circulation were normal in the heat storage water tank; Hot water effluent's interface of heat storage water tank is got heat storage water tank top water level, can allow the user obtain the hottest hot water; The non-bearing type heat storage water tank adopts ball float traction flexible pipe outlet pipe water inlet, no matter the water level height can be got hot water the hottest in the water tank.This design is comprehensive utilization thermodynamics, thermal conduction study and a hydromechanical principle.
In a word, owing to taked above-mentioned a plurality of invention measure, simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of the present utility model, can adapt to and cold and hotly measure different and any allotment with the hot water demand, really realized comprehensive frigiopyretic dysentery usefulness, the utilization rate maximization of equipment year, the average annual maximized target of energy-saving efficiency; Structure is simplified most, has avoided the leakage problem of many valves, has solved in many heat exchangers multiloop heat pump water heater system, and the unbalanced difficult problem of cold-producing medium had improved operation stability of equipment when the loop that the various heat exchange device is formed was moved; Being easy to batch making, being easy to install, can reduce cost significantly, is the energy-conservation domestic hot-water's of producing of real science good equipment, has wide market prospects, will play a role in low-carbon economy, contributes.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of the present utility model, the system architecture of embodiment 1 and fundamental diagram, and the switching mechanism of refrigerant circuit systems is made of a triple valve and a cross valve.
Fig. 2 is a simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of the present utility model, and embodiment 3 system architectures and fundamental diagram, refrigerant circuit systems switching mechanism are a cross valve.
Fig. 3 a, Fig. 3 b, Fig. 3 c, Fig. 3 d are the hot water coagulation heat exchanger of simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of the present utility model four kinds of configuration modes and the rough schematic views that connect of hot water heat-exchange system water route thereof in system.
Specific embodiment:
Further describe the structure and the operation principle of simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of the present utility model by embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.But the utility model content is not limited only to shown in the accompanying drawing.
Structural relation and the operation principle of embodiment 1 are illustrated by Fig. 1.
As shown in Figure 1, three of Fig. 1 dashed rectangle A, B, C represent off-premises station, indoor set, the heat storage water tank three big assemblies of the simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of the utility model respectively; The compressor 1 of the refrigerant circuit systems of embodiment 1, hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2, triple valve 3, cross valve 4, flow controller J, outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 and fan 5a thereof, gas-liquid separators 6 etc. and water circulating pump all are assembled in the outdoor casing; Indoor wind heat exchanger 7 and fan 7a thereof are placed in the indoor set; Heat storage water tank 8 is the vertical heat-insulation layer press-bearing water tank that is surrounded by; Note, the individual interface of cross valve main valve body one side is cross valve first interface 1. (code name is D in standardization), three interfaces of the opposite side of cross valve main valve body, when fixing on the cross valve coil approximately and not having electricity with first interface in the interface that is communicated be cross valve second interface 2. ((the change code name is C in standard), when the cross valve coil has electricity with first interface in the interface that is communicated be cross valve the 3rd interface 3. (changing code name in standard is E), interface placed in the middle is cross valve the 4th interface 4. (changing code name in standard is S), promptly when the cross valve coil has electricity with in the 3rd interface, be not communicated with, again when the cross valve coil has electricity with second interface in the interface that is communicated with, the cross valve first interface diameter is less relatively generally as common inlet, and cross valve the 4th interface is generally as public outlet;
The refrigerant loop connected mode of embodiment 1 is, the exhaust outlet of compressor 1 is connected with the air inlet of triple valve 3,1. first gas outlet of triple valve 3 with the interior interface that is communicated with of air inlet, is not connected with the refrigerant inlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 when promptly the triple valve coil has electricity; 1. 2. triple valve second gas outlet be connected intercommunicated with the refrigerant outlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 with cross valve first interface 4; 2. cross valve second interface 4 is connected with the last end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger 5, after 3. cross valve the 3rd interface 4 is connected to the second angle valve Z2 on the outdoor casing, be connected with the last end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger 7 with the pipe that removably connects again, 4. cross valve the 4th interface 4 is connected with the air inlet of gas-liquid separator 6, and the gas outlet of gas-liquid separator is connected with the air inlet of compressor 1; The following end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 is connected with first interface of flow controller J, behind the second interface in-line filter G of flow controller, is connected to the first angle valve Z1 on the outdoor casing, is connected with the following end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger 7 with the pipe that removably connects again; Fill cold-producing medium in the loop that is linked to be;
The triple valve 3 of embodiment 1 is the Pneumatic three-way valves that have solenoid pilot valve 3a, form by the existing Pneumatic four-way valve improvement that has solenoid pilot valve in market, promptly there is the cross valve main valve body the middle interface of three interfaces to block, the solenoid pilot valve 3a low pressure tubule that goes out to breathe hard, from original with cut off being connected of mouthpiece (code name is the adapter of S in standardization), one section tubule of repair welding is connected with the compressor suction duct of refrigerant loop as solenoid pilot valve low pressure escape pipe L1 and leads to; Described cross valve 4 is the Pneumatic four-way valves that have solenoid pilot valve 4a, form by the existing Pneumatic four-way valve improvement that has solenoid pilot valve in market, promptly the short tubule of the high pressure admission of solenoid pilot valve, from cutting off original the connection with cross valve first mouthpiece, one section tubule of repair welding is connected logical as the high-pressure pipe L2 of solenoid pilot valve with the compressor exhaust pipe of refrigerant loop; L1 and L2 use some a some line to represent especially in Fig. 1;
Embodiment 1 used heat storage water tank 8 is the vertical press-bearing water tank that has heat-insulation layer, and the heat storage water tank of joining the water circulating pump use is provided with three water interfaces: cistern circulated water water outlet interface C1, fetch water in the water tank lowest water level; Cistern circulated water water inlet interface C2, double as replenishes running water inlet, the water tank middle part water level of intaking; Hot water effluent's interface C3 fetches water in the water tank upper water level, and superpressure safety protective valve Fa and hot water effluent's valve F2 are housed on the hot water outlet pipe; Water-in and water-out interface S1, the S2 of hot water coagulation heat exchanger and the water tank of heat storage water tank interface C1, the C2 pipeline S1-C1 that recycles, intakes, S2-C2 connects into circulating water loop, and water circulating pump 9 is installed on the circulation inlet pipeline (S1-C1) of hot water coagulation heat exchanger in the off-premises station; Running water water inlet pipe interface is in parallel with the water outlet interface S2 of hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2, receives on the water tank circulation water inlet interface C2 again, into water check valve Ds1 is housed, water intaking valve F1 on the running water water inlet pipe; Hot water effluent's interface of heat storage water tank is connected with user's hot water feeding pipe.
Embodiment 1 used hot water coagulation heat exchanger is efficient jar pipe heat exchanger, places augmentation of heat transfer helical form copper pipe in the pressure-bearing jar, flowing water in the pipe, and tank skin becomes liquid with pipe outer room condensation of refrigerant.
The control signal refrigerant evaporator outlet temperature of embodiment 1 described collection is temp probe T1, the T2 of outdoor, indoor wind heat exchanger upper port, hot water coagulation heat exchanger delivery port and heat storage water tank hot water temperature pop one's head in T3, T4, compressor air suction and pressure at expulsion probe P1 and P2; Temp probe T1, the T2 of outdoor, indoor wind heat exchanger provides air conditioner control parameter, and coolant-temperature gage probe T3, T4 provide and heat water running control parameter, and pressure probe P1 and P2 provide security of system protection parameter;
Embodiment 1 described simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device, have four kinds of function closed circuits: heat the double refrigeration of water, heat water, refrigeration gas, heat the gas closed circuit, can organize four kinds of function circulations and a kind of defrost cycle operational mode, wherein heat the double refrigeration of water and heat water-flow circuit, be respectively refrigeration and heat the wind heat exchanger used as condenser in the gas closed circuit and exhaust outlet of compressor between add the new independent loop that the hot water coagulation heat exchanger forms, be called for short three heat-exchanger circuits of the preposition series connection of hot water coagulation heat exchanger; The circuit control of five kinds of circulation patterns and the cold-producing medium flow process of closed circuit are respectively:
(1) heat the water refrigeration mode of holding concurrently: compressor 1 starts, triple valve 3, cross valve 4 coil no powers, and indoor machine fan 7a opens, and outdoor machine fan 5a is closed down, and water circulating pump 9 leaves; The cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → triple valve 3 1. → hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 (heating water) → cross valve 4 (1. → 2.) → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (supercooled liquid path) → flow controller J → filter G → first angle valve Z1 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (heat absorption) → second angle valve Z2 → cross valve 4 (3. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressors 1.
(2) heat aqueous mode: compressor starts, triple valve coil no power, and the cross valve coil electricity, outdoor machine fan is opened, and indoor machine fan is closed down, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → triple valve 3 (1.) → hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 (heating water) → cross valve 4 (1. → 3.) → second angle valve Z2 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (supercooled liquid path) → first angle valve Z1 → filter G → flow controller J → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (heat absorption) → cross valve 4 (2. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressor 1.
(3) refrigeration gas pattern: compressor starts, the triple valve coil electricity, and cross valve coil no power, indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → triple valve 3 (2.) → cross valve 4 (1. → 2.) → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (the heat release) → flow controller J → filter G → first angle valve Z1 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (heat absorption) → second angle valve Z2 → cross valve 4 (3. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressors 1.
(4) heat the gas pattern: compressor starts, the triple valve coil electricity, and the cross valve coil electricity, indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → triple valve 3 (2.) → cross valve 4 (1. → 3.) → second angle valve Z2 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (heat release) → first angle valve Z1 → filter G → flow controller J → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (heat absorption) → cross valve 4 (2. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressor 1.
(5) defrosting mode: compressor starts, the triple valve coil electricity, and cross valve coil no power, indoor machine fan 7a closes, and outdoor machine fan 5a closes, and water circulating pump 9 stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → triple valve 3 (2.) → cross valve 4 (1. → 2.) → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (heat release defrost) → flow controller J → filter G → first angle valve Z1 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (heat absorption) → second angle valve Z2 → cross valve 4 (3. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressors 1.
Structural relation and the operation principle of embodiment 2 are illustrated by Fig. 2.
Switching mechanism in the simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of embodiment 2, refrigerant loop has only a cross valve.
As shown in Figure 2, off-premises station, indoor set, the heat storage water tank three big assemblies of three dashed rectangle A, B among Fig. 2, the C simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of representing the utility model embodiment 2 respectively; The compressor 1 of the refrigerant circuit systems of embodiment 2, hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2, cross valve 4, flow controller J, outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 and fan 5a thereof, gas-liquid separator 6 etc., and water circulating pump all is contained in the off-premises station; Indoor wind heat exchanger and fan thereof are placed in the indoor set; Heat storage water tank 8 is surrounded by the heat-insulation layer press-bearing water tank for horizontal wall-hanging, and heat storage water tank is provided with water tank circulation water-in and water-out interface C1, C2 and hot water effluent's interface C3; The C2 interface has short tube to insert half height of water level in the water tank; The C3 interface has short tube to insert the height of water level of water tank interior 90%; Water-in and water-out interface S1, the S2 of hot water coagulation heat exchanger and cistern circulated water go out, intake interface C1, C2 water pipe C1-S1 and water pipe C2-S2 connects into circulating water loop, and water circulating pump 9 is housed in the C1-S1 connecting line; The circulation waterway flow process is: the water tank circulation water inlet C2 of water tank circulating outlet C1 → water circulating pump 9 → hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 → heat storage water tank of heat storage water tank 8; The water outlet interface S2 of additional water inlet pipe and hot water coagulation heat exchanger also is connected on the water tank circulation water inlet C2 of heat storage water tank, replenishes on the water pipe into water check valve Ds1 and water intaking valve F1 are installed; Superpressure safety protective valve Fa is installed on the arm of the outlet pipe of heat storage water tank;
The refrigerant loop connected mode of embodiment 2 is: the exhaust outlet of compressor 1 is connected with the refrigerant inlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2, and 1. the refrigerant outlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected with cross valve first interface 4; Cross valve second and third, 44 (2., 3., 4.) interface, respectively with the last end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger 5, outdoor casing on the air inlet of the second angle valve Z2, the gas-liquid separator 6 that are connected with the last end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger connect; Described flow controller J be double fluid to flow controller, an end interface of flow controller is connected with the following end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger 5, the first angle valve Z1 connection that is connected with the following end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger on other end interface and the outdoor casing; The gas outlet of gas-liquid separator 6 is connected with the air inlet of compressor 1; Pipe is connected the upper and lower end interface of the indoor wind heat exchanger 7 of indoor set with second, one angle valve Z2, Z1 on the outdoor casing with removably connecting; Fill cold-producing medium R22 in the loop that is linked to be; Described cross valve is the Pneumatic four-way valve that has solenoid pilot valve, and the high-pressure pipe L1 of its solenoid pilot valve directly links on the compressor exhaust pipe, represents with some point line among the figure; Described flow controller J be double fluid to flow controller, its constituted mode is: two sections capillary J1 and J2 series connection, check valve D1 and J2 are connected in parallel, the import of check valve D1 connects altogether to hold with J1 and J2 and is connected.
Described refrigerant circuit systems can organize heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, heat gas circulation and defrost cycle, the electric switch control mode and the cold-producing medium flow process of five kinds of circulations are respectively:
(1) heat the water kind of refrigeration cycle of holding concurrently: compressor 1 leaves, and cross valve 4 coils do not have electricity, and indoor machine fan 7a opens, and outdoor machine fan 5a is closed down, and water circulating pump 9 leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 (heating water) → cross valves 4 (1. → 2.) → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (supercooled liquid path) → filter G → flow controller J (J1) → check valve D1 → first angle valve Z1 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (heat absorption) → second angle valve Z2 → cross valve 4 (3. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressors 1;
(2) heat the water circulation: compressor leaves, the cross valve coil electricity, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and indoor machine fan is closed down, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 (heating water) → cross valves 4 (1. → 3.) → second angle valve Z2 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (supercooled liquid path) → first angle valve Z1 → flow controller J (J1+J2) → filter G → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (heat absorption) → cross valve 4 (2. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressor 1;
(3) refrigeration gas circulation: compressor leaves, and the cross valve coil does not have electricity, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 (crossing hot gas path) → cross valve 4 (1. → 2.) → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (heat release) → filter G → flow controller J (J1) → check valve D1 → first angle valve Z1 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (heat absorption) → second angle valve Z2 → cross valve 4 (3. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressors 1;
(4) heat the gas circulation: compressor leaves, the cross valve coil electricity, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 (crossing hot gas path) → cross valve 4 (1. → 3.) → second angle valve Z2 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (heat release) → the → angle valve Z1 → flow controller J (J1+J2) → filter G → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (heat absorption) → cross valve 4 (2. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressor 1;
(5) defrost cycle: compressor starts, and the cross valve coil has electricity, and indoor machine fan closes, and outdoor machine fan closes, and water circulating pump stops.Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor 1 → hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 (crossing hot gas path) → cross valve 4 (1. → 2.) → outdoor wind heat exchanger 5 (heat release) → filter G → stream device J (J1) → check valve D1 → angle valve Z1 → indoor wind heat exchanger 7 (heat absorption) → angle valve Z2 → cross valve 4 (3. → 4.) → gas-liquid separator 6 → compressor 1.
Fig. 3 is several separate form of simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of the present utility model.
It is split type that Fig. 3 a is depicted as four assemblies, and dashed rectangle A, B, C, E represent off-premises station, indoor set, heat storage water tank and hot water coagulation heat exchanger assembly respectively, and wherein water circulating pump is attached in the hot water coagulation heat exchanger assembly; First, second and third and four angle valve Z1 being convenient to connect are installed on the casing of off-premises station, Z2, Z3 and Z4, first and second angle valve Z1, Z2 is connected with the lower end of the indoor wind heat exchanger of indoor set, last end interface, and third and fourth angle valve Z3, Z4 are connected into and out of interface with the cold-producing medium of hot water coagulation heat exchanger; Heat storage water tank 8 is provided with three water interfaces for having the horizontal type press-bearing water tank of heat-insulation layer: water tank cyclic water outlet interface C1, fetch water in the water tank lowest water level; Water tank circulation water inlet interface C2, the water tank middle part water level of intaking; Hot water effluent's interface C3 fetches water in the water tank upper water level; Pressure security relief valve Fa and hot water effluent's valve F2 are housed on the hot water outlet pipe; Heat storage water tank is horizontal to be hung on the wall; Hot water heat-exchange system shown in Fig. 3 a, it is forced convection circulating hot water heat-exchange system, its water route connected mode is: water-in and water-out interface S1, the S2 of hot water coagulation heat exchanger and the water tank of heat storage water tank recycle, intake interface C1, C2 connects into circulating water loop with pipeline S1-C1 and S2-C2, water circulating pump 9 is installed on the circulation inlet pipeline (S1-C1) of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, and the additional water inlet pipe interface of running water and the recirculated water water outlet interface S2 of hot water coagulation heat exchanger also are connected on the water tank circulation water inlet interface C2; Into water check valve Ds1 is housed, water intaking valve F1 on the running water water inlet pipe; Hot water effluent's interface C3 of heat storage water tank is connected with user's hot water feeding pipe, and superpressure safety valve Fa is installed on the arm of hot water effluent's mouthpiece.Hot water circulation loop is: and the water passage of heat storage water tank (C1) → water circulating pump 9 → hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 (S1 → S2) → heat storage water tank (C2 → C1) → water circulating pump.Take hot water and adopt running water to eject the water mode, i.e. running water water intaking valve F1 (long opening), the hot water effluent's valve F2 on the hot water outlet pipe opens, and can go out hot water; The temp probe T4 of heat storage water tank provides and heats water circulation starting and stop, and heats water or heat the signal that water is held concurrently the kind of refrigeration cycle starting and stopping.
It is split type that Fig. 3 b is depicted as three assemblies, dashed rectangle A, B, C represent off-premises station, indoor set, heat storage water tank three assemblies respectively, heat storage water tank is vertical, hot water coagulation heat exchanger 2 is directly installed in the off-premises station A, water circulating pump 9 is placed on the circulating water line S1-C1 that is connected hot water coagulation heat exchanger and heat storage water tank between heat storage water tank and the off-premises station, two angle valves on the casing of two off-premises stations of saving, very compact, be convenient in the user, install; The connected mode in water route is identical with Fig. 3 a.
Fig. 3 C is depicted as three body formulas, and dashed rectangle A, B, C represent off-premises station, indoor set, heat storage water tank respectively, and the hot water coagulation heat exchanger is spiral coil or the band fair water sleeves spiral coil heat exchanger that places in the water tank; Heat storage water tank is provided with and replenishes water inlet interface C2 and hot water effluent's interface C3; Replenish water inlet interface C2 at the water tank bottommost, hot water effluent's interface C3 is in the water tank highest order; Replenish water inlet pipe and directly be connected, into water check valve Ds1 is housed, water intaking valve F1 on the water inlet pipe with additional water inlet interface C2; Hot water effluent's interface C3 is connected with user's hot water feeding pipe, and superpressure safety valve Fa is installed on the arm of hot water effluent's mouthpiece.This mode, though the complete machine compactness, the heat storage water tank complex manufacturing technology of band spiral coil heat exchanger, cost increases, and the water tank installation site is restricted.
Fig. 3 d is depicted as four body formulas, and dashed rectangle A, B, C represent off-premises station, indoor set, heat storage water tank assembly respectively, and wherein water circulating pump and hot water coagulation heat exchanger are installed in the off-premises station; Its heat storage water tank is the non-bearing type heat storage water tank that heat-insulation layer is arranged, and is provided with three water interfaces and an overflow water interface C4, and cistern circulated water water outlet interface C1 fetches water in the water tank lowest water level; Cistern circulated water water inlet interface C2, double as replenishes running water inlet, the water tank middle part water level of intaking; Hot water effluent's interface adopts ball float C3a traction flexible pipe to fetch water in the water tank upper water level, and hot water effluent's interface rigid interface C3 is at water tank bottom; Outlet valve F2 is installed on hot water effluent's mouthpiece; Overflow water interface C4 at water tank top water level, is connected after hot water effluent's valve with overflow pipe YL; Water level controller SW and water temperature probe T4 is installed in the water tank; When the floating ring of water level controller SW is run into down the water level contact, open entering water electromagnetic valve automatically and replenish running water,, stop into water when running into when going up the water level contact; When water temperature arrives setting value, for example 55 ℃, stop to heat the water circulation; When water temperature is lower than the design temperature lower limit, for example 40 ℃, restarts and heat the water circulation.

Claims (9)

1. simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device includes refrigerant circuit systems, hot water coagulation heat exchanger, heat storage water tank, signals collecting and circuit control system; The control signal of gathering includes refrigerant evaporator outlet temperature, boiler coolant-temperature gage and indoor, outside air temperature, compressor air suction pressure and pressure at expulsion etc.; The compressor of described refrigerant circuit systems, flow controller, outdoor wind heat exchanger and fan thereof, cross valve, filter, gas-liquid separator etc. are installed in the off-premises station, indoor set is equipped with indoor wind heat exchanger and fan thereof, outdoor casing is provided with first and second two angle valves that are connected with the upper and lower end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger, the refrigerant line of indoor set and off-premises station is coupled together with the pipe that removably connects by these two angle valves; The refrigerant passage of described hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected on the refrigerant circuit systems, and its water passage and heat storage water tank and inlet tube and outlet tube etc. are formed the hot water heat-exchange system; Described heat storage water tank has heat-insulation layer, is provided with to replenish water inlet interface and hot water effluent's interface; The individual interface of cross valve main valve body one side is designated as cross valve first interface, three interfaces of the opposite side of cross valve main valve body, when fixing on the cross valve coil approximately and not having electricity with first interface in the interface that is communicated be cross valve second interface, when the cross valve coil has electricity with first interface in the interface that is communicated be cross valve the 3rd interface, interface placed in the middle is cross valve the 4th interface, promptly when the cross valve coil has electricity with in the 3rd interface, be not communicated with, again when the cross valve coil has electricity with second interface in the interface that is communicated with; Described flow controller is capillary or electric expansion valve or heating power expansion valve;
It is characterized in that: described refrigerant circuit systems also includes a triple valve; Described refrigerant loop connected mode is, the exhaust outlet of compressor is connected with the air inlet of triple valve, first gas outlet of triple valve, when promptly the triple valve coil has electricity with air inlet in the interface that is communicated with, be not connected with the refrigerant inlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger; Second gas outlet of triple valve and the refrigerant outlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger and cross valve first interface tee joint that connects; Cross valve second and third, four interfaces respectively with the last end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger, outdoor casing on the air inlet of second angle valve that is connected with the last end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger, gas-liquid separator connect; The gas outlet of gas-liquid separator is connected with the air inlet of compressor; The following end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger is connected with the import of flow controller, or is connected in series with filter therebetween; First angle valve that is connected with the following end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger on the outlet of flow controller and the outdoor casing connects; Fill cold-producing medium in the loop that is linked to be; Described flow controller is that double fluid is to flow controller; Described triple valve is the Pneumatic three-way valve that has solenoid pilot valve, and the low pressure escape pipe of solenoid pilot valve is directly connected on the compressor suction duct of refrigerant loop; Described cross valve is the Pneumatic four-way valve that has solenoid pilot valve, and the high-pressure pipe of solenoid pilot valve is directly connected on the compressor exhaust pipe of refrigerant loop; Described flow controller is that double fluid is to flow controller; Described refrigerant circuit systems can organize heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, heat gas and defrost five kinds of circulations.
2. simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device includes refrigerant circuit systems, hot water coagulation heat exchanger, heat storage water tank, signals collecting and circuit control system; The control signal of gathering includes refrigerant evaporator outlet temperature, boiler coolant-temperature gage and indoor, outside air temperature, compressor air suction pressure and pressure at expulsion etc.; The compressor of described refrigerant circuit systems, flow controller, outdoor wind heat exchanger and fan thereof, cross valve, filter, gas-liquid separator etc. are installed in the off-premises station, and indoor set is equipped with indoor wind heat exchanger and fan thereof; Outdoor casing is provided with first and second two angle valves that are connected with the upper and lower end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger, the refrigerant loop of indoor set, off-premises station is coupled together with the pipe that removably connects by these two angle valves; The refrigerant passage of described hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected on the refrigerant circuit systems, and its water passage and heat storage water tank system and inlet tube and outlet tube are formed the hot water heat-exchange system; Described heat storage water tank has heat-insulation layer, is provided with to replenish water inlet interface and hot water effluent's interface; Described flow controller is capillary or electric expansion valve or heating power expansion valve;
It is characterized in that: the connected mode of described refrigerant circuit systems is, the exhaust outlet of compressor is connected with the refrigerant inlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, and the refrigerant outlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected with first interface of cross valve; Cross valve second and third, four interfaces, respectively with the last end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger, outdoor casing on the air inlet of second angle valve, the gas-liquid separator that are connected with the last end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger connect; First angle valve that is connected with the following end interface of indoor wind heat exchanger on the following end interface of outdoor wind heat exchanger and the outdoor casing is connected with the two-port of flow controller respectively, therebetween on the pipeline of Lian Jieing or filter is installed; The gas outlet of gas-liquid separator is connected with the air inlet of compressor, fills cold-producing medium in the loop that is linked to be; Described cross valve is the Pneumatic four-way valve that has solenoid pilot valve, and the high-pressure pipe of its solenoid pilot valve will directly be linked on the compressor exhaust pipe; Described flow controller is that double fluid is to flow controller; Described refrigerant circuit systems can organize heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, heat gas and defrost five kinds of circulations.
3. as claim 1 and the described simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described hot water coagulation heat exchanger, be efficient jar pipe heat exchanger or plate type heat exchanger or coaxial sleeve heat exchanger, with the supporting use of water circulating pump; Or place the spiral coil heat exchanger in the heat storage water tank or have the spiral coil heat exchanger of water conservancy diversion sleeve pipe.
4. as claim 1 and the described simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described heat storage water tank has two kinds of forms, and a kind of is bearing type heat-storing water tank, and another kind is non-bearing type heat-storing water tank; Join the heat storage water tank that water circulating pump is used, be provided with water tank circulation water-in and water-out interface and replenish water inlet, hot water effluent's interface; Water tank cyclic water outlet interface is fetched water in the water tank lowest water level; Water tank circulation water inlet interface and additional water inlet interface, the water tank middle part water level of intaking, water tank circulation water inlet interface or the additional water inlet of double as interface; Hot water effluent's interface is fetched water in the water tank upper water level; Water tank superpressure safety valve is installed on the arm of hot water effluent's mouthpiece; Hot water effluent's interface of described non-bearing type heat storage water tank adopt ball float traction flexible pipe to fetch water in the water tank upper water level, and the rigid joint of hot water effluent's interface is connected, and hot water effluent's valve is installed on the hot water outlet pipe with the hot water outlet pipe at water tank bottom; The non-bearing type heat storage water tank also is provided with the overflow water interface at water tank top water level, is connected on hot water effluent's valve hot water outlet pipe afterwards with overflow pipe, and water level controller is installed in the water tank; The heat storage water tank of built-in spiral coil heat exchanger only is provided with and replenishes water inlet, hot water effluent's interface, replenishes the water inlet interface at the water tank lowest water level, and hot water effluent's interface is at the water tank peak level.
5. as claim 1 and the described simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described hot water heat-exchange system has two kinds of forced convection circulating hot water heat-exchange system and free convection hot water heat-exchange systems; Its forced convection cycle heat exchange system comprises hot water coagulation heat exchanger, heat storage water tank, water circulating pump, replenishes water inlet pipe, hot water outlet pipe, water intaking valve, water inlet check valve, outlet valve, temperature measurement and control system and heat storage water tank pressure security protection system; Its water route connected mode is: the water tank cyclic water outlet interface of heat storage water tank is connected with water circulating pump water inlet interface, water circulating pump water outlet interface is connected with the water inlet of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, the delivery port of hot water coagulation heat exchanger is connected to water tank circulation water inlet interface, the water tank middle part water level of intaking; Replenish the water inlet pipe interface and be connected with additional water inlet interface, or the water tank circulation water inlet interface that also is connected in parallel with the delivery port of hot water coagulation heat exchanger, replenish on the water inlet pipe into water check valve and water intaking valve are installed; Hot water effluent's interface of heat storage water tank is connected with user's hot water feeding pipe; The spiral coil heat exchanger of the hot water coagulation heat exchanger of the free convection hot water heat-exchange system of described hot water heat-exchange system or have the spiral coil heat exchanger of water conservancy diversion sleeve pipe, directly place in the heat storage water tank, its water route connected mode is, replenish water inlet pipe and be connected with the additional water inlet interface of heat storage water tank bottom, the hot water outlet pipe is connected with hot water effluent's interface at heat storage water tank top.
6. as claim 1 and the described simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described double fluid is double-current to capillary to flow controller, or double-current to electric expansion valve, or double fluid is to heating power expansion valve; Described double fluid is that double fluid is to equal length or double-current to the unequal length capillary restrictor to capillary restrictor; Double fluid is the single capillary flow controller to the equal length flow controller, or 2 flow controllers that above equal length capillary paralleling constitutes; Double fluid is to the unequal length capillary restrictor, be with two unequal length capillaries flow controller of reverse direction flow parallel connection again of respectively connecting after the check valve, or first and second two sections capillary series connection, the check valve and second capillary paralleling, two sections capillaries of the import of check valve and first and second connect the flow controller that end is connected altogether.
7. simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described refrigerant circuit systems is organized heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, heat the electric switch control mode of five kinds of circulations of gas and defrosting, and the cold-producing medium flow process is respectively:
(1) heat the double refrigeration of water: compressor leaves, the coil no power of triple valve, cross valve, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is closed down, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → hot water coagulation heat exchanger → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger → flow controller → filter → indoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(2) heat water: compressor leaves, triple valve coil no power, and the cross valve coil electricity, outdoor machine fan is opened, and indoor machine fan is closed down, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → hot water coagulation heat exchanger → cross valve → indoor wind heat exchanger → filter → flow controller → outdoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(3) refrigeration gas: compressor leaves, the triple valve coil electricity, and cross valve coil no power, indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger → flow controller → filter → indoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(4) heat gas: compressor leaves, the triple valve coil electricity, and the cross valve coil electricity, indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → cross valve → indoor wind heat exchanger → filter → flow controller → outdoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(5) defrosting mode: compressor leaves, the triple valve coil electricity, and cross valve coil no power, indoor machine fan closes, and outdoor machine fan closes, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → triple valve → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger → flow controller → filter → indoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor.
8. simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described refrigerant circuit systems organize heat water hold concurrently refrigeration, heat water, the gas that freezes, heat the electric switch control mode of five kinds of circulations of gas and defrosting, and the cold-producing medium flow process is respectively:
(1) heat the water kind of refrigeration cycle of holding concurrently: compressor leaves, and the cross valve coil does not have electricity, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan closes, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger → filter → flow controller → indoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(2) heat the water circulation: compressor leaves, the cross valve coil electricity, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and indoor machine fan is closed down, and water circulating pump leaves; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger → cross valve → indoor wind heat exchanger → flow controller → filter → outdoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(3) refrigeration gas circulation: compressor leaves, and the cross valve coil does not have electricity, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger → filter → flow controller → indoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(4) heat the gas circulation: compressor leaves, the cross valve coil electricity, and indoor machine fan is opened, and outdoor machine fan is opened, and water circulating pump stops; Cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger → cross valve → indoor wind heat exchanger → flow controller → filter → outdoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor;
(5) defrost cycle: compressor starts, the cross valve coil has, indoor machine fan closes, outdoor machine fan closes, water circulating pump stops, the cold-producing medium flow process: compressor → hot water coagulation heat exchanger → cross valve → outdoor wind heat exchanger → filter → flow controller → indoor wind heat exchanger → cross valve → gas-liquid separator → compressor.
9. as claim 1 and the described simple high efficient and reliable cooling/warming conditionner and hot water device of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described hot water coagulation heat exchanger or be disposed in the outdoor casing, or be disposed in the heat storage water tank, or be disposed on off-premises station and the refrigerant line that heat storage water tank is connected; Water circulating pump or place in the outdoor casing, or place on the outer hot water coagulation heat exchanger of off-premises station and the water route that heat storage water tank is connected.
CN2010202451309U 2010-06-30 2010-06-30 Simple, efficient and reliable air conditioner water heater CN201764749U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102155819A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-08-17 海尔集团公司 Water heating system of air conditioner
CN102313326A (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-11 陈则韶 Simple, high-efficiency and reliable cold-warm air-conditioning water heater
CN102486344A (en) * 2010-12-02 2012-06-06 陈则韶 Compact cooling/heating air-conditioning and hot water supply three-purpose machine capable of building natural circulating flow for heat exchange
CN103032999A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 陈则韶 Dual-heat source heat pump water heating all-in-one machine employing dual four-way valves for switching
CN103913009A (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-07-09 赵佳佳 Refrigerating and heating air conditioner
CN104792064A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-07-22 陈丽红 Instant-heating type hot water air conditioner
CN107024022A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 Cooling/heating water heating machine group of three heat exchangers with circuit in series formula

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102313326A (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-11 陈则韶 Simple, high-efficiency and reliable cold-warm air-conditioning water heater
CN102313326B (en) * 2010-06-30 2013-05-22 陈则韶 Simple, high-efficiency and reliable cold-warm air-conditioning water heater
CN102486344A (en) * 2010-12-02 2012-06-06 陈则韶 Compact cooling/heating air-conditioning and hot water supply three-purpose machine capable of building natural circulating flow for heat exchange
CN102486344B (en) * 2010-12-02 2013-09-25 陈则韶 Compact cooling/heating air-conditioning and hot water supply three-purpose machine capable of building natural circulating flow for heat exchange
CN102155819A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-08-17 海尔集团公司 Water heating system of air conditioner
CN102155819B (en) * 2011-03-29 2013-11-27 海尔集团公司 Water heating system of air conditioner
CN103032999A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 陈则韶 Dual-heat source heat pump water heating all-in-one machine employing dual four-way valves for switching
CN103032999B (en) * 2011-10-08 2014-12-03 陈则韶 Dual-heat source heat pump water heating all-in-one machine employing dual four-way valves for switching
CN103913009A (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-07-09 赵佳佳 Refrigerating and heating air conditioner
CN104792064A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-07-22 陈丽红 Instant-heating type hot water air conditioner
CN107024022A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 Cooling/heating water heating machine group of three heat exchangers with circuit in series formula

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