CN201759559U - Patient respiratory rhythm monitoring device based on electromagnetic sensor - Google Patents

Patient respiratory rhythm monitoring device based on electromagnetic sensor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201759559U
CN201759559U CN2010202477703U CN201020247770U CN201759559U CN 201759559 U CN201759559 U CN 201759559U CN 2010202477703 U CN2010202477703 U CN 2010202477703U CN 201020247770 U CN201020247770 U CN 201020247770U CN 201759559 U CN201759559 U CN 201759559U
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China
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electromagnetic sensor
patient
coil
monitoring device
gear
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CN2010202477703U
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Chinese (zh)
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尹武良
王奔
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天津大学
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of electromagnetic sensors and relates to a patient respiratory rhythm monitoring device based on an electromagnetic sensor. The monitoring device comprises the electromagnetic sensor and an inductance measuring meter, wherein the electromagnetic sensor adopts a coil, which is shaped like the periphery of a gear and is formed in a manner that a conducting wire is coiled into a circle; and two terminals of the coil are connected with the input terminal of the inductance measuring meter. The sensor is fixed at the chest of a human body; and with the expansion and contraction of the chest muscles during respiration, the sensor expands and contracts, so as to reflect the respiratory rhythm of the human body to be detected from the measured inductance value. The utility model further provides a monitoring device adopting a gear-shaped hollow core as the electromagnetic sensor. The utility model has simple structure and low cost, and is sensitive, quick and efficient in detection.

Description

基于电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律的监测装置 Respiratory rhythm based on the patient monitoring devices electromagnetic sensor

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型属于电磁传感器技术领域,涉及病人呼吸节律监测装置。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of electromagnetic sensors, respiration rhythm of the patient monitoring device relates. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 正常人静息状态下,呼吸的节律基本是均勻而整齐的。 [0002] Under normal resting breathing rhythm is substantially uniform and neat. 病理状态下,往往会出现各种呼吸节律的变化。 Under pathological conditions, various respiratory rhythm changes often occur. 病理状态下的呼吸包括潮式呼吸、间停呼吸、抑制性呼吸以及叹气样呼吸,它们会表现出明显不同的呼吸节律,从而根据不同的呼吸节律可以判断出病人所处的病理状态。 Under pathological conditions include respiratory tidal breathing, between the stop breathing, respiratory inhibition and sighing breathing, they exhibit significantly different respiratory rhythm, which can determine a pathological condition in which the patient depending on respiration rhythm.

[0003] 现阶段我国病人呼吸节律的监测技术随着科学技术的进步和经济全球化进程的加剧,我国在呼吸节律监测技术研究和应用方面取得了迅速发展。 [0003] monitoring technology at this stage of the patient's breathing rhythm intensifies with the advancement of science and technology and economic globalization, China has made rapid development in technology research and application of monitoring breathing rhythm. 监测技术日益趋向于高技术化、系列化、速测化、便携化。 Monitoring technique tends to be increasingly high-tech, series, speed measurement, portable.

[0004] 目前,国内可以用呼吸节律自动监测仪来监测病人的呼吸变化,但是此类成本较高,而且检测装置复杂。 [0004] At present, the respiration rhythm may be used to automatically monitor to monitor changes in the patient's breathing, but such high costs, and complicated detecting means.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本实用新型的目的是提供一种结构简单、成本低廉的病人呼吸节律监测装置。 [0005] The object of the present invention to provide a simple structure, low cost means of monitoring the patient's breathing rhythm. 本实用新型采用如下的技术方案: The present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0006] 一种基于电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律监测装置,包括用于置于人体胸前的电磁传感器、电感测量仪,所述的电磁传感器为由一根导线环绕一圈制成的如齿轮外周形的线圈, 线圈的两个接线端与电感测量仪的输入端相连。 [0006] Based on the patient's respiratory rhythm electromagnetic sensor monitoring apparatus, comprising an electromagnetic sensor disposed for human chest, inductance meter, said electromagnetic sensor wire by a circle around the outer periphery formed as a gear shaped coil connected to the input, the two terminals of the coil and the inductance of the measuring instrument.

[0007] 本实用新型的监测装置,线圈最好能够伸缩;其直径介于10-100mm。 [0007] The monitoring device of the present invention, the coil is preferably extendable; a diameter of between 10-100mm.

[0008] 本实用新型同时提供一种具有相同发明构思的基于电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律监测装置,包括用于置于人体胸前的电磁传感器、电感测量仪,所述的电磁传感器包括一个外周为齿轮形的空芯,在其上沿齿轮形外周缠绕有至少一圈线圈,线圈的两个接线端与电感测量仪的输入端相连。 [0008] The present invention also provides a patient monitoring device having a respiration rhythm of the invention based on the same concept of the electromagnetic sensor, an electromagnetic sensor comprising a body disposed chest, inductance meter, the electromagnetic sensor includes an outer periphery of a gear-shaped hollow core on which a coil is wound at least one turn along the outer periphery of gear shape, connected to the input terminals of the two coils of inductance meter.

[0009] 本实用新型的监测装置,所述齿轮形空芯为可以伸缩的空芯;线圈直径为lO-lOOmm,绕线匝数介于1-20000。 [0009] The monitoring device of the present invention, the hollow core of the gear-shaped retractable air core; coil diameter of lO-lOOmm, winding number between 1-20000.

[0010] 根据权利要求1所述的电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律的监测装置,其特征在于,绕线的直径在0. OOlmm-IOmm之间 [0010] The monitoring device of the patient's breathing rhythm of the electromagnetic sensor as claimed in claim 1, characterized in diameter between 0. OOlmm-IOmm winding

[0011] 本实用新型的病人呼吸节律监测装置,传感器由齿轮形线圈构成,可以伸缩,使用时,将其置于病人胸前,因为呼吸时胸部肌肉的扩张与收缩,造成传感器的扩张与收缩,从而由测得的电感值来反映被测人体呼吸的节律。 [0011] In the present invention the patient's breathing rhythm monitoring apparatus, a gear-shaped sensor coils, retractable, in use, to place the patient chest, because the expansion and contraction of the chest muscles, resulting in the expansion and contraction of the breathing sensor so the inductance value measured to reflect the measured respiration rhythm of the human body. 具有结构简单,成本低廉,灵敏度高的优 Having a simple structure, low cost, high sensitivity excellent

点O Point O

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 图1是本实用新型的基于电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律的监测装置结构框图。 [0012] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention, the patient's breathing rhythm monitoring apparatus configuration of the electromagnetic sensor. [0013] 具体实施方法 [0013] DETAILED DESCRIPTION Method

[0014] 下面结合附图和实施例对本实用新型做详细说明。 Drawings and embodiments of the present invention is described in detail [0014] below in conjunction. [0015] 实施例1 [0015] Example 1

[0016] 图1是按照本实用新型一个实施例画出的测量装置结构框图。 [0016] FIG. 1 is a block configuration measuring apparatus according to the embodiment shown in the embodiment of a present invention. 它由电磁传感器1、 电感测量仪2两个主要部分构成。 It is an inductance meter 2 is composed of two main parts, an electromagnetic sensor. 电磁传感器1为由一根导线握制一圈而成的形似齿轮外周的线圈,其两个接线端与电感测量仪的输入端相连。 1 by an electromagnetic sensor wire holder made of a circle formed by the outer periphery of the coil shape of the gear, which is connected to two input terminals of the inductance measuring instrument. 由于导线本身的性质,线圈可以向外或向内伸缩。 Due to the nature of the wire itself, the coils can be inwardly or outwardly stretching.

[0017] 实施例2 [0017] Example 2

[0018] 电磁传感器1为类似齿轮状的线圈,该线圈为空芯的,其制作方法是,在一个齿轮形可以伸缩的空芯上绕制而成。 [0018] The electromagnetic sensor 1 is similar to the gear-shaped coil, the coil is a hollow core, its production method is in a gear-shaped retractable hollow core around the system. 空芯可以由软硬适度可以赋形又可以外展或内缩的尼龙、 橡胶之类的材料制成。 Air core may be shaped by a moderately hard and soft turn outreaching reduced or made of Nylon, rubber-like material. 也可以由硬塑料制成,在齿形底部的每个转折处(部位3)由两段塑料铰接而成。 It may also be made of a hard plastic, at the bottom of each tooth of the turning (3 portions) of two hinge made of plastic. 该电磁传感器的线圈直径为lO-lOOmm,绕线匝数可以介于1-20000 ;绕线的直径可以在0. OOlmm-IOmm之间。 The electromagnetic sensor coil diameter of lO-lOOmm, winding number may range 1-20000; the winding diameter can be between 0. OOlmm-IOmm.

[0019] 互感测量仪2可以使用商用的阻抗分析仪(例如安捷伦4284、自制的互感测量仪等);测量时,可以将此类电磁传感器放置于待测人体的胸部,线圈的两个接线端与电感测量仪的输入端相连,通过测量得到的电感值判断待测病人的呼吸节律是否稳定。 [0019] mutual inductance meter 2 can be used commercially available impedance analyzer (e.g., Agilent 4284, made the mutual inductance measuring instrument, etc.); measurement, such electromagnetic sensor may be placed on the chest of the human body to be tested, the two terminals of the coil and inductance measuring instrument connected to the input, the inductance value is determined by measuring the obtained test patient respiratory rhythm is stable. 通过实验或仿真,根据胸部肌肉扩张和收缩的大小,测量得到该传感器的不同电感值,通过标定制成一个健康表,当测得的电感值处在危险的范围时,电感测量仪报警。 Through experiments or simulations, in accordance with expansion and contraction of the chest muscle size, measured different inductance values ​​of the sensor, calibration is made by a healthy table, when the measured inductance value at risk range, inductance meter alarm.

[0020] 测量方法具体包括以下步骤: [0020] The measuring method comprises the steps of:

[0021] (1)将此类电磁传感器放置于待测人体的胸部; [0021] (1) The electromagnetic sensor is placed in such test human breast;

[0022] (2)测量电磁传感器的电感值; [0022] (2) Measurement of electromagnetic inductance sensor;

[0023] 电感测量仪根据测量得到的数据,判断病人的呼吸节律是否处在危险当中,电感测量仪中存储的数据可以通过实验或仿真得到。 [0023] The inductance meter measurement data obtained, it is determined whether the respiration rhythm of the patient in danger, the data stored in the inductance meter can be obtained by experiment or simulation.

Claims (7)

  1. 一种基于电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律监测装置,包括用于置于人体胸前的电磁传感器、电感测量仪,其特征在于,所述的电磁传感器为由一根导线环绕一圈制成的如齿轮外周形的线圈,线圈的两个接线端与电感测量仪的输入端相连。 Based on the monitoring the patient's breathing rhythm electromagnetic sensor apparatus, comprising an electromagnetic sensor disposed for human chest, inductance meter, wherein said electromagnetic sensor such as a gear by a conductor surrounded by a circle made the outer periphery of the input terminal is connected to a coil shape, the two terminals of the coil and the inductance of the measuring instrument.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律的监测装置,其特征在于,所述线圈能够伸缩。 2. The monitoring device of the patient's breathing rhythm electromagnetic sensor according to claim 1, characterized in that said coil is extendable.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律的监测装置,其特征在于,线圈直径为10-100mm。 3. The patient monitoring apparatus of respiratory rhythm electromagnetic sensor according to claim 1, characterized in that the coil diameter is 10-100mm.
  4. 4. 一种基于电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律监测装置,包括用于置于人体胸前的电磁传感器、电感测量仪,其特征在于,所述的电磁传感器包括一个外周为齿轮形的空芯,在其上沿齿轮形外周缠绕有至少一圈线圈,线圈的两个接线端与电感测量仪的输入端相连。 A monitoring device based on the patient's breathing rhythm electromagnetic sensor, comprising a magnetic sensor disposed in the human chest, inductance meter, wherein the electromagnetic sensor comprises a hollow core-shaped outer periphery of a gear, in thereon along the outer periphery with a gear-wound coil turn is connected to at least an input terminal, the two terminals of the coil and the inductance of the measuring instrument.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的病人呼吸节律的监测装置,其特征在于,所述齿轮形空芯为可以伸缩的空芯。 The patient's breathing rhythm monitoring apparatus according to claim 4, characterized in that the gear-shaped air core is retractable hollow core.
  6. 6.根据权利要求4所述的电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律的监测装置,其特征在于,所述电磁传感器的线圈直径为10-100mm,绕线匝数介于1-20000。 6. The patient monitoring apparatus respiratory rhythm electromagnetic sensor as claimed in claim 4, wherein said electromagnetic sensor coil diameter of 10-100mm, winding number between 1-20000.
  7. 7.根据权利要求4所述的电磁传感器的病人呼吸节律的监测装置,其特征在于,绕线的直径在0. OOlmm-lOmm之间。 7. The monitoring device of the patient's breathing rhythm of the magnetic sensor according to claim 4, characterized in that the winding diameter between 0. OOlmm-lOmm.
CN2010202477703U 2010-07-05 2010-07-05 Patient respiratory rhythm monitoring device based on electromagnetic sensor CN201759559U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013154855A1 (en) * 2012-04-10 2013-10-17 Cardionxt, Inc. System and method for localizing medical instruments during cardiovascular medical procedures
US9955893B2 (en) 2013-08-22 2018-05-01 Aftx, Inc. Methods, systems, and apparatus for identification and characterization of rotors associated with atrial fibrillation

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013154855A1 (en) * 2012-04-10 2013-10-17 Cardionxt, Inc. System and method for localizing medical instruments during cardiovascular medical procedures
US9955893B2 (en) 2013-08-22 2018-05-01 Aftx, Inc. Methods, systems, and apparatus for identification and characterization of rotors associated with atrial fibrillation

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