CN201746831U - Turbopump-lifting downhole and rotary drilling machine - Google Patents

Turbopump-lifting downhole and rotary drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201746831U
CN201746831U CN2010202560522U CN201020256052U CN201746831U CN 201746831 U CN201746831 U CN 201746831U CN 2010202560522 U CN2010202560522 U CN 2010202560522U CN 201020256052 U CN201020256052 U CN 201020256052U CN 201746831 U CN201746831 U CN 201746831U
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China
Prior art keywords
drill bit
turbine
drilling rod
horizontal
transverse axis
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010202560522U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢学军
章宝贵
吴海
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a turbopump-lifting downhole and rotary drilling machine, which includes a frame, a drill rod and a mud and slurry separator, wherein a horizontal drill bit is arranged at the lower end of the drill rod; a retractable horizontal shaft is arranged on the horizontal drill bit; the horizontal shaft is perpendicular to the drill rod; a vane is arranged on the horizontal shaft; a soil storage cavity is formed between the upper end of the drill bit and the drill rod; an upper worm wheel and a lower worm wheel are arranged in the earth storage cavity; and the diameter of the upper worm wheel is smaller than that of the lower worm wheel. Due to the adoption of the horizontal drill bit with the structure, the drilling machine has the advantages of applicability to different soil layers, uninterrupted drilling during pore-forming process, integrity of hole walls, continuous operation, high production efficiency, no limitation on site conditions, no slurry discharge, low water consumption, cost reduction for slurry processing, capability of chambering on the appropriate soil layer, effective utilization of bearing ability of lower underlying sol layer, improvement of bearing capability of a single pile, and reduction of engineering cost of the pile foundation.

Description

The turbine pump act formula rotary drill machine of diving
Technical field
The utility model relates to the construction equipment of a kind of building, bridge foundation, the latent rotary drill machine of particularly a kind ofly be used to build, bridge foundation engineering filling pile construction pore-creating being used.
Background technology
Building, bridge foundation engineering filling pile construction piling technique divide mechanical pore-forming and manual pore-forming two kinds, and the manual pore-forming be a manually digging hole filling pile, a large amount of manpowers of its need, speed of fulfiling hole is slow, potential safety hazard is big, and the less construction manually digging hole filling pile of engineering is not done analysis at this at present.Introduce existing machinery hole creating technology and deficiency thereof below:
1, mechanical dry operation pore-creating filling pile mainly contains tube-sinking cast-in-situ pile machine, short spiral drilling machine, long-spiral drilling machine etc.Its characteristics are that equipment is simple, preparation of construction work is few, speed of fulfiling hole is fast, advantages such as mud-less pollution, and its shortcoming limits for being subjected to pile frame height and unit head, and general expanded diameter is less, and general stake footpath is less than 0.8m, and the degree of depth is more shallow, is generally less than 30m.Short spiral depth of pore forming can reach 50m more greatly, and the stake footpath is also bigger, but its speed of fulfiling hole is low, only is applicable to the area that northern groundwater table is low, and the higher area of groundwater table is then inapplicable.
2., positive and negative circulating mud (sleeve pipe) retaining wall rig mainly contains positive and negative circulation drilling machine, diving drill machine, percussive drill, slewing drilling machine etc.Above-mentioned different drilling equipment is simple, easy to operate, and every kind of rig all has it to be suitable for and inapplicable rock-soil layer, all use extensively at present at home, its common shortcoming is that speed of fulfiling hole is slow, efficient is low, and water supply volume is big, the mud emission amount is big, contaminated environment, the difficult control of reaming efficient etc.
3, rotary drilling rig is a kind of advanced job practices in the bored pile construction that had just grown up in recent years, and this job practices main feature is the efficiency of construction height, and mud contamination is few, has lacked the characteristics of the expense of mud outward transport.Grasp but its equipment manufacturing cost height, equipment complicated operation are difficult, particularly at the rotary drilling rig of super dark and large diameter filling pile construction, cost is higher; And go into rock bearing stratum difficulty than hard.
The utility model content
At above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problems to be solved in the utility model provides that a kind of speed of fulfiling hole is fast, applied widely, the turbine pump act formula of mud-less pollution is dived the rotary drill machine.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of turbine pump act formula rotary drill machine of diving, comprise frame, drilling rod and mud, the slurry separator, described drilling rod is positioned on the described frame, described drilling rod lower end is provided with a horizontal drill bit, described horizontal drill bit comprises a drill bit support, described drill bit support is provided with a telescopic transverse axis, described transverse axis is vertical with described drilling rod, described transverse axis is provided with blade, described transverse axis is connected with the horizontal hydraulic motor that drives, the lower end of described drill bit support is provided with a guiding spiral apex point, form a soil storing cavity between the upper end of described drill bit support and the described drilling rod, be provided with on one turbine and turbine once in the described soil storing cavity, the described diameter of going up the diameter of turbine less than described following turbine, the described turbine of going up, following turbine and guiding spiral apex point are by the coaxial connection of a connecting axle, and described connecting axle and vertically drives hydraulic motor and is connected.
Preferably, described transverse axis comprises a fixed axis, and described fixed axis two ends respectively are with a shifting axle, and described shifting axle and described fixed axis are slidingly connected, be provided with the transverse axis telescopic oil cylinder between described fixed axis and the described shifting axle, be equipped with blade on described fixed axis, the shifting axle.
Preferably, establish creeper undercarriage on the described frame, also be provided with pylon on the described frame, described drilling rod is positioned on the described pylon, and described pylon is connected with a telescopic oil cylinder, and described telescopic oil cylinder is fixed on the described frame.
Preferably, described pylon is provided with a hoist engine, and the wire rope of described hoist engine is connected with described drilling rod.
Preferably, described frame is provided with a plate rail, and described horizontal driving hydraulic motor, the oil pipe that vertically drives hydraulic motor are wrapped on the described plate rail.
Preferably, described mud, slurry separator are provided with conveyer belt.
Technique scheme has following beneficial effect: this turbine pump act formula is dived the rotary drill machine when work, laterally the transverse axis on the drill bit laterally rotates cutting soil at the drive blade that laterally drives under the fluid motor-driven, in this simultaneously, the spiral apex point is the boring of driving formation downwards under the drive that vertically drives hydraulic motor, the flexible diameter that can change boring of transverse axis.In boring procedure, upper and lower turbine together rotates in company with the spiral apex point, and following turbine diameter is bigger, and rotating speed is slower, and major function sucks the soil body of drill bit cutting and slurry mixture in the soil storing cavity; Last turbine diameter is less, and the rotating speed height pumps into drilling rod to the soil body in the soil storing cavity and slurry mixture, takes the soil body and mud out of ground by drilling rod.Adopt the applicable different soil of horizontal drill bit of this structure, uninterruptedly creep in the pore forming process, the hole wall is complete, can work continuously, the production efficiency height, not limited by site condition, no mud emission, water supply volume is little, reduced the mud conditioning cost, can carry out reaming at suitable soil layer, effectively utilize the bearing capacity of soil layer for sleeping in down, improve bearing capacity of single pile and reduce the pile foundation engineering cost.
Above-mentioned explanation only is the general introduction of technical solutions of the utility model, for can clearer understanding technological means of the present utility model, and can be implemented according to the content of manual, below with preferred embodiment of the present utility model and conjunction with figs. describe in detail as after.The specific embodiment of the present utility model is provided in detail by following examples and accompanying drawing thereof.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the horizontal drill bit of the utility model embodiment.
Structural representation when Fig. 3 normally holes for the horizontal drill bit of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the horizontal drill bit of the utility model embodiment at the reaming state;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment mud, slurry separator conveyer belt.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the latent rotary drill machine of this turbine pump act formula comprises frame 1, drilling rod 14 and mud, slurry separator 12 and horizontal drill bit 2.Establish creeper undercarriage 3 on the frame 1, can drive frame 1 by creeper undercarriage and move around.Also be provided with one 6 pylons on the frame 1, pylon 6 is connected with a telescopic oil cylinder 5, and telescopic oil cylinder 5 is fixed on the frame 1, and telescopic oil cylinder 5 can drive pylon 6 and hold up or lie low.Drilling rod 14 is positioned on the pylon 6, and the top of pylon 6 is provided with a hoist engine 7, and the wire rope 8 of hoist engine 7 connects by an adpting flange 9 drilling rods.Frame 1 is provided with a plate rail 4, and plate rail 4 is used for twining the oil pipe 11 of hydraulic motor on the horizontal drill bit 2.Drilling rod 14 is connected with a flexible pipe 13, and flexible pipe 13 is positioned at mud, slurry separator 12 tops.
This turbine pump act formula is dived the rotary drill machine when work, by telescopic oil cylinder 5 pylon 6 is holded up, laterally drill bit 2 is holed downwards then, boring soil of gained and slurry mixture by drilling rod 14 from the interior extraction of holing, and pass through flexible pipe 13 mud, pulp mixture is delivered to mud, on the slurry separator 12, mud, the slurry separator is provided with conveyer belt, its structure as shown in Figure 5, solid-state clod is transported on automobile or the mound by conveyer belt, mud then flows to mud along the conveyer belt both sides, slurry separator 12 bottoms, in the process that mud continues to flow downward, silt in the mud further is deposited on the conveyer belt, be deposited in silt on the conveyer belt and be transferred band and transport on automobile or the mound, flow to mud pit and flow back in the hole through the mud of precipitation and circulate along the A direction.In boring procedure, plate rail 4 is with the lifting of drilling rod 14 and creep into and reclaim and emit oil pipe 11, is responsible for promoting drilling rods 14 by the hoist engine on the pylon 67 behind the pore-forming.
As shown in Figure 2, laterally drill bit 2 comprises a drill bit support 21, and drill bit support 21 is provided with a telescopic transverse axis 22, and transverse axis 22 is vertical with drilling rod 14, and transverse axis 22 is connected with the horizontal hydraulic motor 27 that drives.Transverse axis 22 comprises a fixed axis 23, and the two ends of fixed axis 23 respectively are with a shifting axle 24, and shifting axle 24 is slidingly connected with fixed axis 23, is provided with transverse axis telescopic oil cylinder 25 between fixed axis 23 and the shifting axle 24, is equipped with blade 26 on fixed axis 23, the shifting axle 24.The lower end of drill bit support 21 is provided with a guiding spiral apex point 28, form a soil storing cavity 29 between the upper end of drill bit support 21 and the drilling rod 14, be provided with on one turbine 30 and turbine 31 once in the soil storing cavity 29, the diameter of last turbine 30 is less than the diameter of following turbine 31, last turbine 30, following turbine 31 and guiding spiral apex point 28 are by a connecting axle 32 coaxial connections, connecting axle 32 and one vertically drives hydraulic motor 33 and is connected, connecting axle 32 is provided with sealing ring with drill bit support 21 junctions, to guarantee the sealing of soil storing cavity 29.Laterally drive hydraulic motor 27, vertically drive hydraulic motor 33 and be connected with oil pipe 11.
This turbine pump act formula is dived the rotary drill machine when work, laterally the transverse axis 22 on the drill bit 2 is at the drive blade 26 horizontal rotation cutting soils that laterally drive under hydraulic motor 25 drivings, in this simultaneously, spiral apex point 28 tunnels downwards under the drive that vertically drives hydraulic motor 33 and forms boring.State during normal boring as shown in Figure 3, this moment, transverse axis 22 was in contraction state.Drive the axially outwards slip of shifting axle 24 at fixed axis 23 by transverse axis telescopic oil cylinder 25, make transverse axis 22 be in the state of stretching out (as shown in Figure 4), this moment, this horizontal drill bit 2 was in the reaming duty.In boring procedure, upper and lower turbine 30,31 together rotates in company with spiral apex point 28, and following turbine 31 diameters are bigger, and rotating speed is slower, and major function sucks the soil body of drill bit cutting and slurry mixture in the soil storing cavity 29; The diameter of last turbine 30 is less, and the rotating speed height pumps into drilling rod 14 to the soil body and slurry mixture in the soil storing cavity 29, takes the soil body and mud out of ground by drilling rod 14.
Adopt the applicable different soil of horizontal drill bit of this structure, uninterruptedly creep in the pore forming process, the hole wall is complete, can work continuously, the production efficiency height, not limited by site condition, no mud emission, water supply volume is little, reduced the mud conditioning cost, can carry out reaming at suitable soil layer, effectively utilize the bearing capacity of soil layer for sleeping in down, improve bearing capacity of single pile and reduce the pile foundation engineering cost.
More than a kind of turbine pump act formula that the utility model embodiment is provided rotary drill machine of diving be described in detail; for one of ordinary skill in the art; thought according to the utility model embodiment; part in specific embodiments and applications all can change; in sum; this description should not be construed as restriction of the present utility model, and all any changes of being made according to the utility model design philosophy are all within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the turbine pump act formula rotary drill machine of diving, comprise frame, drilling rod and mud, the slurry separator, described drilling rod is positioned on the described frame, it is characterized in that: described drilling rod lower end is provided with a horizontal drill bit, described horizontal drill bit comprises a drill bit support, described drill bit support is provided with a telescopic transverse axis, described transverse axis is vertical with described drilling rod, described transverse axis is provided with blade, described transverse axis is connected with the horizontal hydraulic motor that drives, the lower end of described drill bit support is provided with a guiding spiral apex point, form a soil storing cavity between the upper end of described drill bit support and the described drilling rod, be provided with on one turbine and turbine once in the described soil storing cavity, the described diameter of going up the diameter of turbine less than described following turbine, the described turbine of going up, following turbine and guiding spiral apex point are by the coaxial connection of a connecting axle, and described connecting axle and vertically drives hydraulic motor and is connected.
2. the turbine pump act formula according to claim 1 rotary drill machine of diving, it is characterized in that: described transverse axis comprises a fixed axis, described fixed axis two ends respectively are with a shifting axle, described shifting axle and described fixed axis are slidingly connected, be provided with the transverse axis telescopic oil cylinder between described fixed axis and the described shifting axle, be equipped with blade on described fixed axis, the shifting axle.
3. the turbine pump act formula according to claim 1 rotary drill machine of diving, it is characterized in that: establish creeper undercarriage on the described frame, also be provided with pylon on the described frame, described drilling rod is positioned on the described pylon, described pylon is connected with a telescopic oil cylinder, and described telescopic oil cylinder is fixed on the described frame.
4. the turbine pump act formula according to claim 1 rotary drill machine of diving, it is characterized in that: described pylon is provided with a hoist engine, and the wire rope of described hoist engine is connected with described drilling rod.
5. the turbine pump act formula according to claim 1 rotary drill machine of diving, it is characterized in that: described frame is provided with a plate rail, and described horizontal driving hydraulic motor, the oil pipe that vertically drives hydraulic motor are wrapped on the described plate rail.
6. the turbine pump act formula according to claim 1 rotary drill machine of diving is characterized in that: described mud, slurry separator are provided with conveyer belt.
CN2010202560522U 2010-07-13 2010-07-13 Turbopump-lifting downhole and rotary drilling machine Expired - Fee Related CN201746831U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202560522U CN201746831U (en) 2010-07-13 2010-07-13 Turbopump-lifting downhole and rotary drilling machine

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102330536A (en) * 2010-07-13 2012-01-25 谢学军 Lifting type diving rotary drilling rig with turbine pump
CN107366503A (en) * 2016-05-13 2017-11-21 周兆弟 A kind of underlying drill rod assemblies of power
US11131144B1 (en) 2020-04-02 2021-09-28 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Rotary dynamic system for downhole assemblies
US11306555B2 (en) 2020-04-02 2022-04-19 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Drill pipe with dissolvable layer
US11319777B2 (en) 2020-04-02 2022-05-03 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Extended surface system with helical reamers

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102330536A (en) * 2010-07-13 2012-01-25 谢学军 Lifting type diving rotary drilling rig with turbine pump
CN107366503A (en) * 2016-05-13 2017-11-21 周兆弟 A kind of underlying drill rod assemblies of power
US11131144B1 (en) 2020-04-02 2021-09-28 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Rotary dynamic system for downhole assemblies
US11306555B2 (en) 2020-04-02 2022-04-19 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Drill pipe with dissolvable layer
US11319777B2 (en) 2020-04-02 2022-05-03 Saudi Arabian Oil Company Extended surface system with helical reamers

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110216

Termination date: 20110713