CN201742093U - Distributed energy resource based intelligent grid system adopting layered structure - Google Patents

Distributed energy resource based intelligent grid system adopting layered structure Download PDF

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CN201742093U
CN201742093U CN2010202508256U CN201020250825U CN201742093U CN 201742093 U CN201742093 U CN 201742093U CN 2010202508256 U CN2010202508256 U CN 2010202508256U CN 201020250825 U CN201020250825 U CN 201020250825U CN 201742093 U CN201742093 U CN 201742093U
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周锡卫
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周锡卫
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E40/00Technologies for an efficient electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y02E40/70Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for improving the carbon footprint of electrical power generation, transmission or distribution, i.e. smart grids as climate change mitigation technology in the energy generation sector
    • Y02E40/72Systems characterised by the monitoring, control or operation of energy generation units, e.g. distributed generation [DER] or load-side generation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/70Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies mediating in the improvement of the carbon footprint of electrical power generation, transmission or distribution, i.e. smart grids as enabling technology in the energy generation sector
    • Y02E60/78Communication technology specific aspects
    • Y02E60/7807Communication technology specific aspects characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y02E60/7853Communication technology specific aspects characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wireless data transmission
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/70Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies mediating in the improvement of the carbon footprint of electrical power generation, transmission or distribution, i.e. smart grids as enabling technology in the energy generation sector
    • Y02E60/78Communication technology specific aspects
    • Y02E60/7807Communication technology specific aspects characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y02E60/7853Communication technology specific aspects characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wireless data transmission
    • Y02E60/7861By means of mobile telephony
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/10Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment
    • Y04S10/12Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment the elements or equipment being or involving energy generation units, including distributed generation [DER] or load-side generation
    • Y04S10/123Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment the elements or equipment being or involving energy generation units, including distributed generation [DER] or load-side generation the energy generation units being or involving renewable energy sources
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/10Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by communication technology
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by communication technology characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/126Using wireless data transmission
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/10Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by communication technology
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by communication technology characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/126Using wireless data transmission
    • Y04S40/127Using wireless data transmission by means of mobile telephony

Abstract

The utility model provides a distributed energy resource (DER) based intelligent network system adopting a layered structure. The system comprises a parameter measuring module, an intelligent grid node parameter two-way communication module, an information processing, management and control module, an intelligent dispatching driver module, a distributed energy access module, an intelligent regulation and control load output module, and an accumulator battery composed of a plurality of groups of single controllable storage batteries; and a unit system in the bottom layer is connected with a unit system in the same or the upper layer. The DER based intelligent network system adopting the layered structure has the advantages of seal-healing capability, real-time monitoring, dispatching measurement, user excitation, attack resistance and the like, and allows the access and mutual cogeneration of various power generation modes (including new energy); and in the intelligent grid, users can turn from power customers into power suppliers, namely, electric power produced by a solar panel on the roof of a user can be transmitted to the grid to be distributed uniformly, so as to create value for the user.

Description

一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统 One kind of hierarchical structure of distributed power smart grid system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及智能电网技术领域,具体涉及一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of smart grid technology, in particular to a hierarchical structure of a distributed intelligent power grid system.

技术背景 technical background

[0002] 近来,智能电网作为各国的国家战略发展之一,受到全球的追捧。 [0002] Recently, the smart grid as one of national strategic development of all countries, sought after by the world. 查阅现有资料可以看到,所谓“智能电网”,顾名思义,是指一种变聪明了的新型电网,懂得更“智慧”地获取和分配电力。 Searching existing data sources can be seen, the so-called "smart grid", as the name suggests, refers to a new type of grid smarter, know more "intelligence" to obtain and distribute power. 分布的、集成的、高速双向通信网络与分布的、可互动的多源电力节点网络的融合是它“智力超群”的法宝。 Distribution, integrated, high-speed two-way communication and distribution network, integration, interactive multi-source power node network is its "superior intelligence" magic. 在其先进的传感和测量技术、设备技术、控制方法以及决策支持系统技术的运筹帷幄下,打造了可靠、安全、经济、高效、环境友好和使用安全的智能电网。 In strategizing its advanced sensing and measurement technology, equipment technology, control methods and decision support systems technology, to create a reliable, safe, economical, efficient, environmentally friendly and safe to use smart grid.

[0003] 智能电网将容许各种不同类型发电和储能系统的接入,将促使电力市场蓬勃发展。 [0003] smart grid will allow access to a variety of different types of power generation and energy storage systems, will promote the vigorous development of the electricity market. 智能电网通过市场上供给和需求的互动,可以最有效地管理如能源、容量、容量变化率、 潮流阻塞等参量,降低潮流阻塞,扩大市场,汇集更多的买家和卖家。 Smart Grid by the market interaction of supply and demand, can most effectively manage parameters such as energy, capacity, capacity rate of change, the trend obstruction, blocking trend lower, to expand the market, bringing together more buyers and sellers.

[0004] 智能电网优化其资产应用,使运行更加高效。 [0004] Smart Grid applications to optimize their assets, so that run more efficiently. 例如,通过动态评估技术以使资产发挥其最佳的能力,通过连续不断地监测和评价其能力使资产能够在更大的负荷下使用。 For example, dynamic play the asset evaluation techniques to its best ability, by its ability to monitor and evaluate the asset can be used in a greater load continuously.

[0005] 把传统电网改造成为新一代安全、高效与环保的智能电网,并形成新的技术产业, 是国家经济转型的一个重要途径,被视作重塑经济与能源格局的重要动力。 [0005] The transformation of traditional power a new generation of safe, efficient and environmentally friendly smart grid, and the formation of new technology industries, is an important way for countries in transition, is regarded as an important driving force for economic and reshape the energy landscape.

[0006] 智能电网的核心在于构建具备智能判断与自适应调节能力的多种能源统一入网和分布式管理的智能化网络系统,可对电网与用户用电信息进行实时监控和采集,且采用最经济与最安全的输配电方式将电能输送给终端用户,实现对电能的最优配置与利用,提高电网运营的可靠性和能源利用效率。 [0006] The core of the smart grid is to build a unified network and a plurality of distributed energy management system includes a intelligent network intelligence and adaptive adjustment capability determination may be made real-time monitoring and collection of information on the electricity grid and the user, and using the most the most economic and safe way transmission and distribution power delivered to the end user, configuration and optimal utilization of energy, energy efficiency and improve the reliability of the grid operator.

[0007] 分布式电源(DER)的种类很多,包括小水电、风力发电、光伏电源、燃料电池和储能装置(如飞轮、超级电容器、超导磁能存储、液流电池和钠硫蓄电池等)。 [0007] Distributed power type (DER) are many, including small hydro, wind power, solar power, fuel cells and energy storage device (e.g., a flywheel, a super capacitor, a superconducting magnetic energy storage, flow cell, and sodium-sulfur batteries, etc.) . 由于分布式电源(DER),如太阳能和风能发电受自然条件的影响,电能输出不连续也极不稳定,为解决这一问题,电厂必须在蓄电及逆变送电方面花费大量投资,而且效果也不太理想,造成不小的浪费,如何最大发挥清洁能源的投资效益,如何使不稳定的电源能满足人们使用的需要,是清洁能源有效利用的全球关注的问题。 As the distributed power (DER), such as solar and wind power generation affected by natural conditions, without continuous power output is also very unstable, in order to solve this problem, the power plant must spend a lot of investment in terms of storage and an inverter power transmission, and the effect is not ideal, resulting in no small waste, how to maximize the benefits of investment in clean energy, how unstable power supply can meet the needs of people use, it is a global concern efficient use of clean energy. 一般来说,分布式电源(DER)其容量从IkW到10MW。 In general, distributed power (DER) IkW from its capacity to 10MW. 配电网中的分布式电源(DER)由于靠近负荷中心,降低了对电网扩展的需要,并提高了供电可靠性,因此得到广泛采用。 Distributed power distribution network (DER) as close to the load center, reduces the need for network expansion, and improve the reliability of power supply, so widely used. 特别是有助于减轻温室效应的分布式可再生能源,在许多国家政府政策上的大力支持下,迅速增长。 In particular, help to reduce the greenhouse effect of distributed renewable energy, the strong support of government policies in many countries, the rapid growth.

[0008] 大量的分布式电源并于中压或低压配电网上运行,彻底改变了传统的配电系统单向潮流的特点,要求系统使用新的保护方案、电压控制、仪表以及更加智能化的新型供电网络来满足双向潮流的需要。 [0008] and a large number of distributed power operation in medium or low voltage power distribution network has revolutionized conventional unidirectional flow distribution system characteristics and requirements of the system using the new protection, voltage control, intelligent instrumentation, and more the new power supply network to meet the needs of two-way trend.

[0009] 正是智能电网的未来的美好前景和其重要的战略意义,全球各国大力发展。 [0009] It is a bright future prospects of the smart grid and its strategic importance, countries around the world to develop. 特别是美国,目前,智能电网研究较为成熟的主要是美国,美国多个州已开始设计智能电网系统,国际上电子产业和信息产业龙头都已投入智能电网业务。 Especially the United States, at present, more mature smart grid mainly the United States, many US states have begun to design smart grid system, the international electronics industry and information industry leading smart grid have been put into service. 据美国能源部中国办公室的官员2009年6月介绍,美国科罗拉多州的波尔得市是美国第一个智能电网城市。 According to officials, the United States Department of Energy Office of China's introduction in June 2009, Boulder, Colorado, USA, is the first US smart grid city. 每户家庭都安排了智能电表,人们可以很直观地了解当时的电价,从而把一些事情,比如洗衣服、烫衣服等安排在电价低的时间段。 Each family arranged a smart meter, it can be very intuitive understanding of the prevailing price, so some things, such as laundry, ironing and other arrangements at a low price periods. 电表还可以帮助人们优先使用风电和太阳能等清洁能源。 The meter can also help people priority use of wind power and solar power and other clean energy. 同时,变电站可以收集到每家每户的用电情况。 Meanwhile, the substation can be collected to every household electricity consumption. 一旦有问题出现,可以重新配备电力。 Once a problem occurs, it can re-equipped with electricity. 该智能电网技术的特征主要是,每户家庭都安排了智能电表,人们可以很直观地了解当时的电价并调整用电计划,同时,电表还可以帮助人们优先使用风电和太阳能等清洁能源。 The characteristics of smart grid technology is mainly, are arranged for each household smart meters, people can intuitively understand the time and adjust the electricity tariff plans, at the same time, the meter can also help people priority use of wind power and solar power and other clean energy.

[0010] 由于智能电表是基于现有电力供应系统基础上,加之现有技术与产品的局限和不足,这种基于现有电网基础的供电方式是通过集中管理模式进行智能化供电,虽然可以有限地实现精细化供电和指导用户明白省钱地用电,使其实现的智能电网其效果十分有限, 智能电网及技术的很多优势还不能实现。 [0010] Since the smart meter is based on the existing power supply system, based on existing technologies and products coupled with the limitations and shortcomings, which is powered by intelligent centralized management model based on the existing power grid-based power supply, although limited to achieve fine power and guide the user to understand the power and money, making it the smart grid to achieve its effect is very limited, and many of the advantages of smart grid technology can not be achieved. 对于现有电网来说,用户很难自由地接入风电和太阳能电等清洁能源,更难完成智能化实时调配供电和用电计划,分布式电源(DER)与现有电网的融合,如果还是只有现有电力供应方参与,就很难摆脱上述模式的束缚,很难有突破性进展,如太阳能和风能发电受自然条件的影响,电能输出不连续也极不稳定,为解决这一问题,电厂必须在蓄电及逆变送电方面花费大量投资,而且效果也不太理想,造成不小的浪费,不能最大发挥清洁能源的投资效益,而且也不能达到激励用户的效果。 For existing power grid, it is difficult for users to freely access wind power and solar power and other clean energy, more difficult to complete the deployment of real-time intelligent power supply and the electricity plan, the integration of distributed power (DER) with the existing power grid, or if only existing electricity supplier involved, it is difficult to get rid of the shackles of the above-mentioned modes, it is difficult to have a breakthrough, such as solar and wind power generation affected by natural conditions, without continuous power output is also very unstable, to solve this problem, power plant must spend in storage and inverter transmission substantial investment, but the effect is not ideal, resulting in no small waste, can not maximize the benefits of clean energy investment, but also encourage the user can not achieve the effect. 为了实现更加先进、更加有效的智能电网,在此,本实用新型提出了一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统。 In order to achieve a more advanced, more efficient smart grid, in this, the present invention proposes a distributed power system-level smart grid construction.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 为克服上述不足,本实用新型目的和解决的技术问题是构造一种智能电网,使其具有可自愈、有实时监测与计量调度、会激励用户、能抵御攻击、容许包括新能源在内的各种不同发电形式的接入和互联互供;智能电网指导用户或自动帮助用户如何节省电费;在智能电网中,用户还可以反客为主,成为供电者,使用户屋顶的太阳能电板生产的电力传至电网统一配送,为用户创造价值。 [0011] In order to overcome these shortcomings, the present invention is to solve the technical problem and the purpose is to construct a smart grid, it has a self-healing, real-time monitoring and measurement scheduling, will inspire users, can withstand attacks, permits the inclusion of new energy various forms of power generation, including Internet access and mutual supply; smart grid guide the user or automatically helps the user how to save electricity; in the smart grid, users can also become masters, who become the power supply, allowing users rooftop solar panel production unified distribution power transmitted to the grid, creating value for customers. 其目的是通过如下技术方案实现。 The aim is achieved by the following technical solution.

[0012] 本实用新型设计了一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其设计要点是该电源智能电网系统采用信息处理与管控模块、智能调度驱动模块、分布式电源接入模块、参数量测模块、智能调控负荷输出模块和电网节点参数双向智能通信模块、以及由多组单组可控蓄电池组成的蓄电池组构成层级构造的分布式电源智能电网的单元系统; [0012] The present invention designed a hierarchical structure distributed intelligent power grid system, which is the design point of the intelligent power grid system uses information processing and management module, the drive module intelligent scheduling, distributed power access module, the parameter amount sensing module units of the system, and intelligent control output module loads the grid node parameters bidirectional intelligent communication module, battery pack and a battery controlled by a plurality of sets of the group consisting of a single hierarchical structure composed of a distributed intelligent power grid;

[0013] 所述单元系统的信息处理与管控模块、智能调度驱动模块、分布式电源接入模块、 参数量测模块、智能调控负荷输出模块和电网节点参数双向智能通信模块,均采用以微处理器为核心的嵌入式系统,具有独立的CPU处理器,对预先通过软件设定的或根据实时接收和量测的数据信息自动进行连续不断的动态更新,运行中对在线数据信号按照软件设定的方法进行相应处理和评判,及时评测电网供电质量和优化各种能源电力的组合配电,发现已经存在的或将会发生的问题,立即按照软件设定的方法自动采取措施重新配电及调度,实时加以控制或纠正,通过系统总线以异步通信方式实现单元系统各功能模块并行的智能化管控; [0013] The information processing unit of the system management module, the drive module intelligent scheduling, distributed power access module, the parameter measurement module, and intelligent control output module loads the parameters grid node bidirectional communication intelligent module, are employed to microprocessor as the core of the embedded system, the processor having a CPU independent of previously set via software or data information received in real time and in accordance with measurements carried out automatically continuously updated dynamically, on-line operation according to the software settings data signal the appropriate treatment methods and evaluation, prompt evaluation of quality of power supply and optimize various combinations of energy distribution of electricity, or find an already existing problem will occur automatically and immediately take measures to re-distribution and scheduling software in accordance with the method set , real-time control or be corrected to achieve asynchronous communication system unit function modules in parallel in each intelligent control through a system bus;

[0014] 所述单元系统中,由底层单元系统A的分布式能源接入模块与上层或同层单元系统B的智能调控负荷输出模块相连接,以及由底层单元系统A的智能调控负荷输出模块与上层或同层单元系统B的相应的分布式电源接入模块相连接,再由各单元系统的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块通过电脑网络和无线/有线通信网相连接,构成层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统。 [0014] The units in the system, DER and an upper module units of the system or the same layer as the bottom B by means of intelligent control system A load is connected to the output module, the output module loads and intelligent control unit by the underlying system A and an upper layer unit or the system B with the corresponding access module of the distributed power supply is connected, then by the grid node parameters bidirectional intelligent communication module units of the system are connected through a computer network and a wireless / wired communication network, the hierarchical structure constituting the distribution power smart grid system.

[0015] 所述信息处理与管控模块通过系统总线与智能调度模块、电网节点参数双向智能通信模块、参数量测模块相连,并通过电网节点参数双向智能通信模块或通过电脑网络与同层或上层或下层的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块相连;对参数量测模块采集的参数量测数据信息和电网节点参数双向智能通信模块收到的实时数据信息,根据预先通过程序与数据存储器存储的软件和键控电路设定的数据信息与要求进行分析、处理及判断、决策,并发出相应配电调度指令。 [0015] The information processing and control module via a system bus intelligent scheduling module, node parameters grid smart two-way communication module, the parameter measurement module is connected, via the grid node parameters smart two-way communication module or a computer network with the same layer or an upper layer lower grid node parameters or smart two-way communication module is connected; real-time data on the measured parameter data and the node parameters bidirectional power modules intelligent communication module measurement acquisition parameters received, in accordance with a program previously stored in the data memory and software keying data and requirements set in the circuit analysis, processing and judgment, decision-making, and issue the appropriate instructions to dispatch.

[0016] 所述单元系统的信息处理与管控模块设有微处理器、程序与数据存储器、通信驱动与选通电路、I/O驱动电路、外接存储器接口电路、时钟、模块电源电路、标准通信电路与接口、系统总线电路与接口、显示电路、键控电路和总线;其特征在于通过系统总线电路与接口连接参数量测模块,对安装在分布式电源接入模块和智能调控负荷输出模块以及连接多组单组可控的蓄电池组成的蓄电池组的智能调度驱动模块上的每个输入和每个输出线路上的传感器信息进行采集并分析处理,并通过电网节点参数双向智能通信模块及电脑网络和无线/有线通信网实时与供电方的信息系统进行交互信息,根据接收的供电信息和分类分时电价数据以及实时监测的多能源供电参数进行比对形成配电指令,该配电指令传送给分布式电源接入模块和智能调控负荷输出模块, [0016] The information processing unit of the system management module is provided with a microprocessor, a program and data memory, a communication driver I / O driver circuit, the external memory interface circuit, a clock, a power supply circuit module, in communication with a standard gate circuit, and an interface circuit, the system bus interface circuit, a display circuit, and a bus key circuit; characterized in that via a system bus interface circuit parameter measuring module, the access module and distributed power intelligent control output module is installed in the load and each input driving schedule module on the smart battery pack connecting a plurality of groups of single batteries consisting of controlled and the sensor information on each output line acquisition and analysis process, and the grid node parameters through smart two-way communication and computer network module and a wireless / wired communication networks with real-time information and interactive systems power supplier information, distribution form for comparison and classification information according to the supply instruction TOU price received data and a plurality of energy supply parameter monitored in real time, the distribution instructions to the access module and distributed power intelligent control output module loads, 配电指令对每个输入和每个输出线路上的可电控执行同步通断的智能开关控制,完成电力调配的指令调配要求。 Distribution synchronization instruction switch off intelligent control of electrically controllable performed on each input and each output line, to complete the deployment of the deployment command power requirements.

[0017] 所述智能调度驱动模块设有微处理器、存储器、时钟、模块电源电路、A/DD/A电路、传感器组电路、蓄电池接口组、I/O驱动电路、充电电路、逆变电路、可电控开关组、系统总线电路与接口、通信驱动与选通电路和总线;通过系统总线电路与接口与分布式电源接入模块及智能调控负荷输出模块相连,根据信息处理与管控模块发送的电力调度指令与要求发出调度驱动指令,分布式能源接入模块及智能调控负荷输出模块接到指令后,完成可电控执行同步通断的智能开关的相应控制;设有多端口充电电路和多端口逆变电路且每个端口设有一个可电控执行同步通断的智能开关,并且与蓄电池相连,根据信息处理与管控模块发送的充电、变电及放电调度指令与要求控制各组充电电路和逆变电路上智能开关的通断。 [0017] The intelligent scheduling module is provided with driving a microprocessor, memory, a clock, a power supply circuit module, A / DD / A circuit, the sensor circuit group, a battery interface group, I / O driver circuit, a charging circuit, an inverter circuit , the group may be electronically controlled switch, a system bus interface circuit, a communication circuit, and driving the gate buses; via a system bus interface circuit and the access module and a smart distributed power regulation module is connected to the output load, according to information processing and transmission control module drive instruction issued scheduling command and the desired power dispatch, DER intelligent control module and the output module loads after receiving the command, the control may be electronically controlled to complete the corresponding synchronization of the on-off of smart switch; and a charging circuit provided with a multi-port the multi-port inverter circuit and each port is provided with an electrically controlled intelligent switch off the synchronization, and is connected to the battery, the charging control groups according to the charge information processing and transmission of the management module, and a variable scheduling command and the desired discharge smart switch-off circuit and the inverter circuit.

[0018] 为了市电和太阳能电及风电等分布式电源能够有效合理的为用户供电,所述分布式电源接入模块设有微处理器、多传感器电路、电源接入端口组、保护电路及可电控开关组、通信驱动与选通电路、系统总线电路与接口、标准数字通信电路与接口、时钟、模块电源电路、存储器和总线;具有多种电源输入的端口,且每个端口供电线路上装有用于监测电参数和温度参数的传感器,以及由具有保护电路的可电控开关组构成的可电控执行同步通断的智能开关通过系统总线电路与接口受控于智能调度驱动模块。 [0018] In order to electricity and solar and wind power can be effectively distributed power supply reasonable for the user, the access of the distributed power supply module is provided with a microprocessor, a multi-sensor circuit, a power group access port, and a protection circuit group may be electronically controlled switch, the gate drive circuit communication, the system bus interface circuit, a communication circuit with a standard digital interface, clock, a power supply circuit module, and a memory bus; having a plurality of power input ports, and each port supply line equipped with sensors for monitoring the electrical parameters and temperature parameters, and may be made of electrically controlled can be performed electronically controlled switch having a protective circuit of the synchronous group off of smart switch via a system bus interface circuit controlled by the intelligent scheduling driver module.

[0019] 为了实现实时获取供电和用电参数,所述参数量测模块设有微处理器、存储器、A/ DD/A电路、参数量测电路与接口组、通信驱动与选通电路、系统总线电路与接口、标准数字通信电路与接口、时钟电路、模块电源电路和总线;通过系统总线电路与接口及参数量测电路与接口组与安装在多种电源输入的各端口以及充电电路和逆变电路的供电线路上用于监测电参数和温度参数的传感器相连,采集传感器电路发出的传感信号,并通过模数转换A/DD/A电路,将传感信号转换成数据信息,由微处理器处理后供信息处理与管控模块使用。 [0019] In order to achieve real-time access and power supply parameters, said parameter measuring module is provided with a microprocessor, memory, A / DD / A circuit, and an interface circuit measured parameter group, the communication with the gate drive circuit, the system bus interface circuits, standard digital interface communication circuit, clock circuits, power source circuits, and a bus module; via a system bus interface circuit and the measured parameter group and an interface circuit mounted on each port, and a plurality of reverse charge circuit and power input sensors for monitoring an electrical parameter and temperature parameter variations on the power supply line circuit is connected to the sensing signal from the sensor circuit to send acquisition and analog-digital conversion by the a / DD / a circuit that converts sensor signals into information data, a micro post-processor for information processing and control module.

[0020] 由于用户用电装置包括了常规市电和常用的直流电以及各种标准的电源电力,所述智能调控负荷输出模块设有微处理器、存储器、时钟、模块电源电路、传感器组电路、电力输入输出保护电路及端口组、计量电路、I/O驱动电路、通信驱动与选通电路、系统总线电路与接口、输入电力控制开关组、输出电力控制开关组、总线;由电力输入输出保护电路及端口组提供多种用户标准电源输出的各端口,且每个端口供电线路上装有可电控执行同步通断的智能开关输入电力控制开关组,输出电力控制开关组,并受控于微处理器以此配合智能调度驱动模块完成柔性交流输电和轻型直流输电的电力调配输出。 [0020] Since the user of the electric device include a conventional mains and common DC power supply and a variety of standards, the intelligent control output module loads with a microprocessor, memory, a clock, a power supply circuit module, the sensor circuit group, power input output protection circuit and a port group, the measurement circuit, I / O driver circuit, a communication driver and a gate circuit, the system bus circuit interface, an input power control switch group, the output power control switch group, the bus; protected by the power input output and a plurality of port circuits each port group provides users standard power output, and equipped with electrically controlled intelligent switch can perform synchronization control of the input power on-off switch group, switches the output power control group on each port supply line, and is controlled by a micro in this processor complete with intelligent scheduling driver module output power formulations and FACTS HVDC light.

[0021] 为实现单元系统及多单元系统组网并完成智能化配电管控和信息共享与管理。 [0021] Network distribution control and intelligent completion and information sharing and management unit of the system and to achieve multi-cell system. 作为智能电网,要做到安全合理配电,节省用电成本,同时尽可能达到电网供电与用电的平衡,就需要对分布式能源的多种电源供电参数及计划能力,以及用电参数和计划与用电习惯的参量数据进行实时采集,分析和处理与判别,生成对策方案和指令,并可及时迅速传达到相应节点。 As a smart grid, to be safe and reasonable distribution, saving electricity costs, while achieving a balance with the electricity power grid as much as possible, we need a variety of power supply parameters and the ability to plan for distributed energy and power parameters and planning and parametric data energy usage in real-time collection, analysis and processing and identification, generation countermeasure program and instruction, and promptly communicated to the appropriate node. 为此,所述电网节点参数双向智能通信模块除了与信息处理与管控模块相连接外,还设有微处理器、I/O驱动电路、通信驱动与选通电路、存储器、时钟、模块电源电路、无线通信电路与接口、网络通信电路与接口、电信通信电路与接口、系统总线电路与接口、标准通信电路与接口、总线;通过无线通信电路与接口,网络通信电路与接口,电信通信电路与接口和通信驱动与选通电路及标准通信电路与接口与标准的RS485、RS232、USB、 INTNET电脑网络以及GSM、CDMA.3G和ISDN的无线/有线电信网相连,或通过相应接口与内部专用的电脑网络相连,实现与同层或上层或下层的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块相连,集成为分布式电网通信系统,进行高速、双向、实时及动态智能通信。 For this purpose, the grid node parameters in addition to the two-way intelligent communication module connected to the information processing and control module is also provided with a microprocessor, I / O driver circuit, the gate circuit communication driver, a memory, a clock, a power supply circuit module , the wireless communication circuit interface, a network communication circuit interface, telecommunication circuits and interfaces the system bus circuit interface, a standard communication circuit with the interface bus; via wireless communication circuit interface, a network communication circuit interface, the telecommunication circuit interfaces and communication with the gate drive circuit and a communication circuit with a standard RS485 interface standard, RS232, USB, INTNET computer networks and GSM, CDMA.3G ISDN and wireless / wireline telecommunication network is connected, via a corresponding interface or dedicated internal computer connected to the network, to achieve the same layer or connected to the upper or lower grid node parameters smart two-way communication module, integrated as a distributed power communications system, high-speed, bi-directional, real-time and dynamic communication intelligence.

[0022] 实时接收电力公司通过通信网络发出的计量每天不同时段、不同能源电能电力的电费和不同能源电能选配优先级,以及实时存有供电方下达的高峰、低谷电力价格信号及电费费率,根据费率政策自动编制用电配电时间表,自动控制用户内部电力使用的策略,达到合理配电用电,节约能源、节省电费的最佳效果。 [0022] received in real time via a communication network utility metering emitted at different times, different electricity and electricity energy energy energy energy matching different priority day, and real-time peak power supplier issued there, low electricity price and electricity rate signal according to the policy rate schedule automatic preparation and distribution of electricity, automatic control strategy using internal power users, to achieve a reasonable distribution of electricity, energy saving, saving electricity for best results.

[0023] 由于现实与未来用电均会由分布式能源的多种电源供电,在太阳能电源、风能电源完成设备投资以后,以零能耗供电时,应尽量利用该电源,即使用电不足时,也应将多余的电力转入电网供其他单元系统使用或储存起来。 [0023] As the reality of the future and the future of electricity supply will by a variety of distributed energy, solar power, wind power equipment investment is completed, when power consumption to zero, should make full use of the power supply, even when electricity shortage it should also be transferred to the extra electricity supply grid system or other stored unit. 层级构造的分布式电源智能电网的单元系统,可做到小至家庭,容量在几百瓦或几千瓦;为分布式蓄电提供了便利,而且投资少,便于管理与安全使用。 Hierarchical structure of the system unit distributed intelligent power grid, can do little to the family, in the capacity of a few hundred watts or several kilowatts; facilitated distributed storage, and low investment, easy to manage and safe to use. 为达到此效果本并考虑蓄电池的充放电特性,对充放电时间与电量均有要求,为安全、有效、合理的进行充放电管理与控制,本实用新型设置了多组单组可控蓄电池组成的蓄电池组,多组单组可控的蓄电池组按四个工作状态设定为工作蓄电池组、就绪蓄电池组、准备蓄电池组以及一组以上的备用蓄电池组构成,每组蓄电池的工作状态由相连的智能调度驱动模块根据设有的监测电参数和温度参数的传感器组电路采集的相应参数进行设定,并通过同步通断的可电控开关组与充电电路和逆变电路进行通断控制。 To achieve this effect and considering the present battery charge and discharge characteristics, charge and discharge time and quantity of both requirements for safe, effective and reasonable charge and discharge management and control, the present invention is provided a plurality of sets consisting of a single set of batteries controllable the battery pack, multiple groups of single battery pack controlled by the operation state set to operate four battery pack, the battery pack is ready, to prepare a battery pack and one or more set of backup battery pack constituted by the operating state of each battery connected the intelligent scheduling driver module corresponding parameters set in accordance with the monitored electrical parameter and temperature sensor set circuit parameters collected by the on-off control and synchronization of the on-off switch may be electronically controlled charging circuit group and the inverter circuit.

[0024] 本实用新型设计的一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,由底层起步小至家庭、楼宇、小店、学校、医院以及机关单位、社区,大至城市,可以由小到大分级分层,深入到千家万户,对于以家庭及社区、单位与片区采用安装太阳能、风能等分布能源供电的用户, 尤为适用。 [0024] smart grid distributed power system hierarchical structure of the present invention is designed from the bottom to start small homes, buildings, shops, schools, hospitals and departments and units, the community, to a large city, from small to large can be divided hierarchical level, go to every household for the family and community, units and users to install patches using solar, wind and other distributed energy supply, particularly applicable. 可以大大减少智能电网的投资,不仅提高电网的供电可靠性和资产的利用率, Can greatly reduce the investment in smart grid, not only to improve the reliability of power supply and utilization of grid assets,

8繁荣电力市场,抵御电网受到的攻击,从而提高电网价值,还使千家万户在参与的过程中受 8 prosperity of the electricity market, to resist the power grid to attacks, thereby enhancing the value of the power grid, but also the thousands of families affected in the process of participation in

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[0025] 不远的未来,大量的分布式电源并于中压或低压配电网上运行,将彻底改变了传统的配电系统单向潮流的特点,通过层级构造的分布式电源智能电网构建,形成智能化、自动化分布式电源智能电网系统把这些分布式电源无缝集成到电网中来并协调运行,将可带来巨大的效益。 [0025] the near future, a large number of distributed power and run on medium or low voltage distribution networks, will completely change the way the trend of the traditional distribution system characteristics, building a smart grid through distributed power hierarchical structure, the formation of intelligent, automated smart grid distributed power system to be seamlessly integrated into these distributed power grid to coordinate and run, will bring huge benefits. 除了节省对输电网的投资外,它可提高全系统的可靠性和效率,提供对电网的紧急功率和峰荷电力支持,及其他一些辅助服务功能,如无功支持、电能质量改善等;同时,它也为系统运行提供了巨大的灵活性。 In addition to saving investment in the transmission grid, but it can improve the reliability and efficiency of the system-wide to provide emergency power and peak load electricity grid support, and some other auxiliary services, such as reactive support, improve power quality and so on; at the same time it also provides great flexibility for system operation. 如在风暴和冰雪天气下,当大电网遭到严重破坏时,这些分布式电源可自行形成孤岛或微网向医院、交通枢纽和广播电视等重要用户提供应急供电。 As in the snow and ice storms and weather, when the power grid has been severely damaged, these distributed power supply can form their own island or micro network to provide emergency power supply to important users hospitals, transportation hubs and broadcast television.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0026] 图1为本实用新型的单元系统方框示意图; [0026] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of new units of the system of the present utility;

[0027] 图2为本实用新型的一个单元系统与上层级单元系统连接组网方框示意图,图中A、B为系统单元; A networking schematic block [0027] FIG. 2 of the present invention a system unit connected to the upper level unit of the system, figure A, B for the system unit;

[0028] 图3为本实用新型的典型组网方框示意图; [0028] FIG. 3 is typically present invention a networking schematic block;

[0029] 图4为本实用新型的信息处理与管控模块的原理方框示意图; [0029] FIG. 4 is a schematic block diagram of the principle of the invention, the control information processing module;

[0030] 图5为本实用新型的智能调度驱动模块的原理方框示意图; [0030] FIG. 5 present practical new intelligent scheduling principle block diagram of the drive module;

[0031] 图6为本实用新型的分布式能源接入模块的原理方框示意图; [0031] FIG. 6 of the present invention DER principle block diagram of the module;

[0032] 图7为本实用新型的参数量测模块的原理方框示意图; [0032] FIG. 7 of the present invention the parameters measuring principle block diagram of the module;

[0033] 图8为本实用新型的智能调控负荷输出模块的原理方框示意图; [0033] FIG. 8 of the present invention intelligent control output module loads the principle block diagram;

[0034] 图9为本实用新型的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块的原理方框示意图。 [0034] FIG. 9 of the present invention bidirectional grid node parameters intelligent communication module principle block diagram.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0035] 本实用新型的具体实施例子主要用于示范性说明根据本实用新型的原理性实现的一种具体实施方式,专业技术人员可以在理解本实用新型的原理和方法的基础上,用更多的方式实现本实用新型。 [0035] Specific embodiments of the present invention is mainly used for example in accordance with one exemplary illustration of the principles of the present invention to achieve the specific embodiments, technicians may be appreciated that the principles underlying the present invention and methods on a more many ways to implement the invention. 下面结合附图对层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统给予说明,但是,本实用新型的技术与方案不限于本实施例子说明给出的内容。 BRIEF further detail below in conjunction with distributed power system level configuration of the smart grid, but the present invention with the technical solutions of the present embodiment is not limited to the examples given content.

[0036] 如图1所示,层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统的单元系统由信息处理与管控模块11、智能调度驱动模块12、分布式能源接入模块13、参数量测模块14、智能调控负荷输出模块15和电网节点参数双向智能通信模块16,以及由多组单组可控的蓄电池组成的蓄电池组17构成。 [0036] 1, the hierarchical structure of a smart grid system distributed power system by the information processing unit of the control module 11, drive module 12 intelligent scheduling, DER module 13, the parameter measurement module 14, a smart load regulation battery module 15 and the output node parameters bidirectional grid intelligent communication module 16, and controlled by a plurality of sets consisting of a single set of batteries 17.

[0037] 组网时,一个层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统的单元系统与上层级单元系统连接,如图2所示,S卩:层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统的单元系统A和上层级单元系统B连接组网示意图。 [0037] When the network, a hierarchical structure of a distributed power system unit is a smart grid system is connected to the upper level unit of the system, as shown, S Jie FIG. 2: distributed power hierarchical structure of a smart grid system A and the system unit B connecting upper hierarchy unit of the system network diagram.

[0038] 单元系统A主要由信息处理与管控模块11、智能调度模块12、分布式能源接入模块13、参数量测模块14、智能调控负荷输出模块15、电网节点参数双向智能通信模块16、多组蓄电池组17、INTNET网络08、无线/有线通信网09组成;上层级单元系统B主要由信息处理与管控模块21、智能调度模块22、分布式能源接入模块23、参数量测模块24、智能调控负荷输出模块25、电网节点参数双向智能通信模块26、多组蓄电池组27、INTNET网络08、 无线/有线通信网09组成。 [0038] A main unit of the information processing system of the control module 11, the intelligent scheduling module 12, DER module 13, the parameter measurement module 14, intelligent control output module 15 load, bidirectional node parameters grid intelligent communication module 16, battery pack 09 composed of a plurality of sets 17, INTNET network 08, wireless / wired communication network; B mainly upper hierarchy unit of the system by the information processing management module 21, the intelligent scheduling module 22, DER module 23, a parameter measuring module 24 , intelligent control output module 25 load, bidirectional node parameters grid intelligent communication module 26, a plurality of sets of the battery pack 27, INTNET network 08, wireless / wired communication network 09 components.

[0039] 由单元系统A的分布式能源接入模块13与上层级单元系统B的智能调控负荷输出模块25 ;由单元系统A的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块16通过INTNET网络08或无线/有线通信网09与上层级单元系统B的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块26相连即可。 [0039] DER module by the unit 13 on system A hierarchical intelligent control unit of the system B is a load output module 25; a bidirectional grid node parameters by the intelligent communication module 16 by means of the system A 08 INTNET network or wireless / wired communication network 09 and the upper-level unit of the system parameter the node B bidirectional grid 26 can be connected to intelligent communication module.

[0040] 图3是层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统典型组网示意图。 [0040] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a typical distributed power networking system level configuration of a smart grid. 如图3所示,上一层级单元系统All的智能调控负荷输出模块115与下一层级每个组网的单元系统B的分布式能源接入模块213、223、……、2n3分别相连;上一层级单元系统All的分布式能源接入模块113与下一层级每个组网的单元系统B的智能调控负荷输出模块215、225、……、2n5分别相连;下一层级单元系统B21的智能调控负荷输出模块215与同一层级单元系统B22的分布式能源接入模块223相连、下一层级单元系统B22的智能调控负荷输出模块225与同一层级单元系统B23的分布式能源接入模块233相连、……、下一层级单元系统Β2.Π-1的智能调控负荷输出模块2. n-1. 5与同一层级单元系统B2n的分布式能源接入模块2n3相连、 下一层级单元系统B2n的智能调控负荷输出模块2n5与同一层级单元系统B21的分布式能源接入模块213相连;上一层级单元系统All的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块1 3, an upper level unit of the system All the intelligent control output module 115 and loads the next level B to each unit of the system networking module DER 213,223, ......, 2n3 are connected; the All units of the system in a hierarchical DER intelligent control module 113 loads the next level of the output of each unit of the system B networking modules 215,225, ......, 2n5 are connected; smart B21 to the next level of the system unit load regulation module 215 connected to the same output level unit of the system DER B22 module 223, the next level of the load cell system intelligent control output module 225 B23 and B22 of the same hierarchical level unit of the system module is connected DER 233, ...... next hierarchical intelligent control unit of the system output load module Β2.Π-1 is 2. n-1. 5 units of the system with the same level of DER B2n 2n3 module is connected, the next level of the intelligent unit of the system of B2n load regulation 2n5 connected to the same output module units of the system hierarchy B21 DER access module 213; a hierarchy unit of the system All the nodes in bidirectional grid parameters intelligent communication module 1 16通过INTNET网络08或无线/有线通信网09与下一层级每个组网的单元系统B21、B22、……、 B2n的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块216、226、……、2n6分别相连即可。 16 through 08 INTNET network or a wireless / wired communication network 09 to each network with the next level of the system unit B21, B22, ......, bidirectional node parameters grid B2n intelligent communication module 216,226, ......, 2n6 are connected i.e. can.

[0041] 层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统的单元系统,其主要电控模块的构成结合附图说明如下: [0041] The hierarchical structure of a smart grid system distributed power system unit, which constitutes the main electronic control module in conjunction with the accompanying drawings as follows:

[0042] 1.信息处理与管控模块11,如图4所示。 [0042] 1. The information processing and control module 11, as shown in FIG.

[0043] 以微处理器1101为主,通过总线1112程序与数据存储器1102,通信驱动与选通电路1103,I/O驱动电路1104,外接存储器接口电路1105,时钟1106和模块电源电路1107相连;通信驱动与选通电路1103还与标准通信电路与接口1108、及系统总线电路与接口1109 相连;I/O驱动电路1104连接显示电路1110和键控电路1111,通过系统总线电路与接口1109连接参数量测模块14,对安装在分布式能源接入模块13和智能调控负荷输出模块15 以及连接多组单组可控的蓄电池组成的蓄电池组17的智能调度驱动模块12上的每个输入和每个输出线路上的传感器信息进行采集并分析处理,并通过电网节点参数双向智能通信模块16及电脑网络08和无线/有线通信网09实时与供电方交互信息,根据接收的供电信息和分类分时电价数据以及实时监测的多能源供电参数进行比对形成配电指令,该配电指令传 [0043] In the main microprocessor 1101, program via bus 1112 and data memory 1102, a communication with the gate drive circuit 1103, I / O driver circuit 1104, the external memory interface circuit 1105, a clock module 1106, and 1107 is connected to a power supply circuit; also connected to communication driver circuit 1103 and gate circuit and the standard communication interface 1108, and a system bus interface circuit 1109; I / O circuit 1104 connected to the display driver circuit 1110 and key circuit 1111, the connection parameters with the interface circuit via a system bus 1109 measuring module 14, is mounted on each input module 13 and DER intelligent control output module loads intelligent scheduling driver 15 and connecting a plurality of groups of single controllable battery pack consisting of battery modules 12 and 17 each information on the sensor output line acquisition and analysis process, and two-way intelligent communication module 16 and computer network 08 and a wireless / wired communication network 09 side to interact with the real-time information by the grid power supply node parameters, based on the received power information sharing and classification and a plurality of energy supply tariff data real-time monitoring of the parameters forming the distribution instruction for comparison, the distribution instruction transmitted 给分布式能源接入模块13和智能调控负荷输出模块15,依配电指令对每个输入和每个输出线路上的可电控开关进行通断控制,完成电力调配的指令调配要求。 Module 13 to the DER and intelligent control output module 15 loads, instruction distribution by on-off control of electrically controllable switches on each input and each output line, to complete the deployment of the deployment command power requirements.

[0044] 2.智能调度驱动模块12,如图5所示。 [0044] 2. The intelligent scheduling driver module 12, as shown in FIG.

[0045] 以微处理器1201为核心,通过总线1214与存储器1202、时钟1203、模块电源1204、A/DD/A电路1205、可电控开关组1211、I/O驱动电路1208、通信驱动与选通电路1213相连;并由I/O驱动电路1208与充电电路1209、逆变电路1210相连;由A/DD/A电路1205与传感器组电路1206相连;蓄电池接口组1207在连接充电电路1209和逆变电路1210 的同时,还与可电控开关组1211和传感器组电路1206相连;系统总线电路与接口1212与通信驱动与选通电路1213相连;通过系统总线电路与接口1212与分布式能源接入模块13 及智能调控负荷输出模块15相连,根据信息处理与管控模块11发送的电力调度指令与要求发出调度驱动指令,分布式能源接入模块13及智能调控负荷输出模块15接到指令后,完成可电控执行同步通断的智能开关的相应控制;设有多端口充电电路和多端口逆变电路且每个端口设有一个可电控 [0045] In the microprocessor core 1201, and memory 1202 via a bus 1214, a clock 1203, the power supply module 1204, A / DD / A circuit 1205 may be electronically controlled switch group 1211, I / O driver circuit 1208, and the communication driver gating circuit 1213 is connected; by I / O driver circuit 1208 and the charging circuit 1209, an inverter circuit 1210 is connected; connected by a A / DD / A circuit 1205 and the sensor circuit group 1206; 1207 interface group in the battery charging circuit 1209 is connected, and while the inverter circuit 1210 is also connected to an electrically controllable switch group 1211 and a sensor circuit 1206 group; a system bus interface circuit 1212 is connected to communication driver circuit 1213 and the gate; through a system bus interface circuit 1212 and then distributed energy and the intelligent control module 13 is connected to load output module 15, a drive instruction issue scheduling instruction dispatch in accordance with the power requirements of information processing and transmission of the control module 11, access module 13 and energy distributed intelligent control output module 15 to the load instruction, smart completion electrically controllable switching off of the respective synchronous control; a charging circuit provided with a multi-port and multi-port inverter circuit and each port is provided with an electrically controlled 行同步通断的智能开关,并且与蓄电池相连,根据信息处理与管控模块11发送的充电、变电调度指令与要求控制各组充电电路和逆变电路上智能开关的通断。 Intelligent switches off line synchronization, and is connected with the battery, the charging information processing and transmission of the control module 11, the control variable command and the desired scheduling groups off the charging circuit and the inverter circuit of the smart switch.

[0046] 3.分布式电源接入模块13,如图6所示。 [0046] 3. Distributed power entry module 13 shown in FIG. 6.

[0047] 以微处理器1301为核心,通过总线1311与多传感器电路1302,保护电路及可电控开关组1304,通信驱动与选通电路1305,时钟1308,模块电源电路1309和存储器1310相连;分布式电源接入端口组1303与多传感器电路1302,在电源接入端口组1303的每个输入端口均与保护电路及可电控开关组1304相连;系统总线与接口1306和标准数字通信电路与接口1307连接在通信驱动与选通电路1305上;分布式电源接入模块13的特征是具有多种电源输入的端口,且每个端口供电线路上装有用于监测电参数和温度参数的传感器, 以及由具有保护电路的可电控开关组1304构成的可电控执行同步通断的智能开关并通过系统总线与接口1306受控于智能调度驱动模块12。 [0047] In the microprocessor core 1301, via bus 1311 with multi-sensor circuit 1302, and a protection circuit electrically controllable switch group 1304, the communication driver circuit 1305 and the gate, a clock 1308, 1310 is connected to the power supply circuit 1309, and a memory module; distributed power group access port 1303 and the multi-sensor circuit 1302, and are connected to the protection circuit electrically controllable switch group 1304 in each input port of the power access port group 1303; 1306 and the system bus interface circuits and digital communications standards 1307 connected to the communication interface to the gate drive circuit 1305; distributed power wherein the access module 13 having a plurality of power input port, and equipped with sensors for monitoring electrical parameters and temperature parameters for each port on the supply line, and consisting of a protective circuit may be electrically controlled electric switch group 1304 may perform synchronization on-off switch and intelligent interfaces through a system bus 1306 controlled by the intelligent scheduling driver module 12.

[0048] 4.参数量测模块14,如图7所示。 [0048] 4. The measured parameter module 14, as shown in FIG.

[0049] 由微处理器1401构成嵌入式系统,并通过总线1410连接存储器1402,A/DD/A 电路1403,通信驱动与选通电路1405,时钟电路1408和模块电源电路1409 ;由A/DD/A电路1403连接参数量测电路与接口组1404 ;由通信驱动与选通电路1405与系统总线与接口1406和标准数字通信电路与接口1407相连;通过系统总线与接口1406及参数量测电路与接口组1404与安装在多种电源输入的各端口以及充电电路和逆变电路的供电线路上用于监测电参数和温度参数的传感器相连,采集传感器电路发出的传感信号,并通过模数转换电路A/DD/A电路1403将传感信号转换成数据信息,由微处理器处理后供信息处理与管控模块11使用。 [0049] The embedded system composed of a microprocessor 1401, and 1410 are connected by a bus memory 1402, A / DD / A circuit 1403, a communication circuit 1405 drives the gate, a clock circuit 1408 and a power supply circuit module 1409; manufactured by A / DD / A circuit 1403 is connected measured parameter circuit with an interface group 1404; connected by a communication driver and gate circuit 1405 and the system bus interface 1406 and the standard digital communications circuit and the interface 1407; via a system bus interface 1406 and the measured parameter circuit interface group 1404 mounted on the power supply line of each port and a charging circuit and the inverter circuit for a plurality of sensors to monitor the power input and the electrical parameters is connected to temperature parameters, collecting the sensing signals emitted by the sensor circuit, and analog-digital conversion by circuit A / DD / A sensing circuit 1403 converts the signal into information data, for information processing and management module 11 uses the processing by the microprocessor.

[0050] 5.智能调控负荷输出模块15,如图8所示。 [0050] The load intelligent control output module 15, as shown in FIG.

[0051] 以微处理器1501为控制核心,通过总线1513连接存储器1502,时钟1503,模块电源电路1504,传感器组电路1505,计量电路1507,I/O驱动电路1508和通信驱动与选通电路1509 ;由I/O驱动电路1508连接输入电力控制开关组1511和输出电力控制开关组1512, 在输入电力控制开关组1511和输出电力控制开关组1512还分别设有电力输入输出保护电路及端口组1506 ;在电力输入输出保护电路及端口组1506的端口内侧分别与传感器组电路1505和计量电路1507相连接;由通信驱动与选通电路1509与系统总线接口1510连接; 其特点是由电力输入输出保护电路及端口组1506提供多种用户标准电源输出的各端口, 且每个端口供电线路上装有可电控执行同步开断的智能开关输入电力控制开关组1511,输出电力控制开关组1512,并受控于微处理器1501以此完成柔性交流输电和轻型直流输电的电力调配 [0051] In the microprocessor 1501 to control the core, a memory connected by a bus 15131502, clock 1503, the power supply circuit module 1504, a sensor circuit group 1505, measurement circuitry 1507, I / O driver circuit 1508, and a communication with the gate drive circuit 1509 ; manufactured by I / O driver circuit 1508 is connected to control the input power and the output power switch group 1511 sets control switch 1512 to control the input power and the output power switch group 1511 sets control switch 1512 are further provided with a power protection circuit and input and output port groups 1506 ; respectively connected to the port inside the power input output protection circuit and the port group 1506 and the sensor group 1505 and measurement circuit 1507; connected by a communication driver and gate circuit 1509 and the system bus interface 1510; which is characterized by protection of the power input output circuit 1506 and the port group to provide more power output of each of the standard user interface and equipped with electrically controlled intelligent switch can perform synchronization breaking input power control switch group 1511, the output power control switch group 1512 on each port supply lines, and by complete control of FACTS and HVDC power in this formulation microprocessor 1501 出。 Out.

[0052] 6.电网节点参数双向智能通信模块16,如图9所示。 [0052] 6. Network node parameters bidirectional intelligent communication module 16, as shown in FIG.

[0053] 以微处理器1601构成的嵌入式系统为核心,通过总线1612与I/O驱动电路1602, 通信驱动与选通电路1603,存储器1604,时钟1605及模块电源电路1606相连;再由I/O 驱动电路1602分别连接无线通信电路与接口1607,网络通信电路与接口1608及电信通信电路与接口1609 ;由通信驱动与选通电路1603与系统总线接口电路1610及标准通信电路 [0053] In the embedded system microprocessor core 1601 is configured, the drive circuit 1602 via bus 1612 and I / O, communication with the gate drive circuit 1603, memory 1604, 1605 is connected to a clock module and a power supply circuit 1606; and then by I / O driver circuit 1602 are connected to the wireless communication interface circuit 1607, a network communication interface circuit 1608 and the interface 1609 with a telecommunication circuit; a communication driver circuit 1603 and the gate circuit 1610 and a system bus interface standard communication circuit

11与接口1611相连;其特征是通过无线通信电路与接口1607,网络通信电路与接口1608,电信通信电路与接口1609、通信驱动与选通电路1603及标准通信电路与接口1611与标准的RS485、RS232、USB、INTNET电脑网络以及GSM、CDMA、3G和ISDN的无线/有线通信网相连, 或通过相应接口与内部专用电脑网络相连,实现与同层或上层或下层的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块相连,集成为分布式电网通信系统,进行高速、双向、实时及动态智能通信。 11 is connected to an interface 1611; wherein the wireless communication circuit interface 1607, a network communication circuit interface 1608, a telecommunication circuit with the interface 1609, the communication driver with RS485 gate circuit 1603 and a standard communication circuit interface 1611 standard, RS232, USB, INTNET computer networks and GSM, CDMA, 3G and ISDN wireless / wired communication network connected, or connected through respective interfaces to the internal private computer network, to achieve the same layer or the node parameters grid upper or lower layer of the smart two-way communication module connected to the grid integration of distributed communication systems, high-speed, two-way, real-time dynamic and intelligent communication.

[0054] 7.蓄电池组17的设计特点 Design Features [0054] 7. The battery pack 17

[0055] 为安全、有效、合理的进行充放电管理与控制,本实用新型设置了多组单组可控蓄电池组成的蓄电池组17,多组单组可控的蓄电池组按四个工作状态设定为工作蓄电池组、 就绪蓄电池组、准备蓄电池组以及一组以上的备用蓄电池组构成,每组蓄电池的工作状态由相连的智能调度驱动模块12根据设有的监测电参数和温度参数的传感器组电路1206采集的相应参数进行设定,并通过可电控执行同步通断的智能开关组1211与充电电路1209 和逆变电路1210进行通断控制。 [0055] safe, effective and reasonable charge and discharge management and control, the present invention is provided a plurality of sets of a single set of batteries consisting of a controllable battery 17, multiple groups of single battery pack controlled by four working state provided working as a battery pack, the battery pack is ready, to prepare a battery pack and one or more set of backup battery pack constituted by the operating state of each battery intelligent scheduling module 12 connected to the driving based on monitoring of electrical parameters and temperature parameters of the sensor group features corresponding parameter acquisition circuit 1206 is set, and 1211 on-off controls the charging circuit 1209 and the inverter circuit 1210 performs synchronization intelligent switching off via the electronic control group.

[0056] 上述层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统的单元系统,其主要电控模块中的模块电源电路包含了可以为模块供电的备用电池,以及电参数监测电路及模块用电的电源切换电路,使模块正常运行时利用单元系统的蓄电池供电,特殊情况下自动切换到为模块供电的备用电池。 [0056] The hierarchical structure of the distributed power system unit of a smart grid system, the main module power electronic control circuit module may include a battery backup power supply modules, and the electrical parameters of the power monitoring circuit and the power supply switching circuit module using battery power supply unit of the system, the module to normal operation, automatically switch to battery backup power to the module under special circumstances.

[0057] 系统建立后,将分布式电源的多种电源分别独立接入分布式电源接入模块的相应接口上,再根据需要将用电器接在智能调控负荷模块的输出接口上。 After the [0057] system is built, the plurality of distributed power supply is independently access the corresponding access module interfaces in distributed power, and then output interface as required by electrical loads connected to the intelligent control module. 并且,由本层单元系统的分布式电源接入模块与同层及上层单元系统的智能调控负荷输出模块相连接,作为电力输入供应的一种;同时,由本层单元系统的智能调控负荷输出模块与同层及上层单元系统的分布式电源接入模块相连接,作为电力输出供应的一种。 And, a load connected to the intelligent control output module access module and distributed power present in the same layer and the upper layer unit of the system unit of the system, as the power input of supplying; the same time, the load by the intelligent control output module units of the system and the current layer with an upper layer and a distributed power system unit connected to the access module, as a power output supply. 再由各单元系统的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块与电脑网络相连,就构成了层级构造的分布式电源智能电网。 Then by the grid node parameters smart two-way communication with the computer network module units of the system are connected, they constitute a distributed hierarchical structure of the intelligent power grid. 系统开启后,先由信息处理与管控模块对系统进行自检和初始化,并按约定和实时信息调用相应软件进行处理并生成配电方案及相应调度指令。 After the system is turned on, first by the information processing and management module of the system self-test and initialization, and real-time information at agreed to call processing and generates the corresponding software distribution program and the corresponding scheduling instruction. 如:可预先设定授权人指定最先执行零能耗供电优先,低价供电次之,常规电再次之等,遇到某种电源故障时自动隔离故障电源的供电,调配接通其他次优的电源进行供电并发出相应故障信息通知相关部门。 Such as: the donor can be pre-set specified zero-energy power priority is executed first, followed by low power, and the like of conventional electric again encountered automatic fault isolation when certain power failure power supply, connected to another sub-optimal formulation power supply power to issue the corresponding error message and notify the relevant authorities.

[0058] 由于在分布式电源电网条件下,为了电网的灵活性和用户的自主性,每个单元都具有多个多种电源输入端口和多个多种电源输出端口,在正常运行时要同时完成多个任务的处理和控制;为此,本实用新型的层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统的单元系统,各模块都具有独立的微处理器,分别对预先通过软件设定的评判数据、比对和计算方法或根据实时接收和量测电力参数、供电计划和阶梯电价的数据信息自动进行连续不断的动态更新,在运行中对在线数据信号按照软件设定的方法进行相应处理和评判,及时评测电网供电质量和优化各种能源电力的组合配电,发现已经存在的或将会发生的问题,立即按照软件设定的方法自动采取措施重新配电及调度,实时加以控制或纠正,通过系统总线以异步通信方式实现单元系统各功能模块并行的智能化管控 [0058] Since in distributed power grid conditions, autonomy and flexibility for users of the grid, each cell having a plurality of input ports and a plurality of power supply a plurality of output ports more, while in normal operation to complete processing and control a plurality of tasks; to this end, the present invention hierarchical structure distributed intelligent power grid system unit of the system, each module has a separate microprocessor, respectively judgment data set in advance by the software, alignment and received in real time according to the calculation method and measurement of electrical parameters, data and power price ladder program automatically dynamically updated continuously, on-line data processing and signal evaluation method according to the respective set of software in operation, timely evaluation of quality of power supply and optimize various combinations of energy distribution of electricity, or find an already existing problem will occur automatically and immediately take measures in accordance with the method set by the software re-distribution and scheduling, real-time control or correct, by a system bus unit system to achieve the functional modules in parallel asynchronous communication intelligent control .

[0059] 层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统会按设置的方式自动实现智能化管控;并可以根据实时通信信息、授权人指定或采集的信息进行处理后,动态生成的新配电方案,重新调整并发出供电和用电的新配电指令。 Distributed power smart grid system [0059] The hierarchical structure will be provided by intelligent automatic control; and may be processed in accordance with the real-time communication of information, the authorized person information acquired or specified, dynamically generate a new distribution scheme, again and issue a new command to adjust the supply and distribution of electricity. 使系统始终保持最佳和最省成本的最合理用电模式,为用户节省费用,为社会节省资源,大大提高分布式能源的利用率;不仅分散了分布式能源电网的投资,而且减少分布式电源使用的投资成本。 The system is always the most reasonable power consumption mode of the best and most cost-saving, cost savings for users, conserve resources for the community, greatly improve the utilization of distributed energy; not only dispersed the investment distributed energy grid, and reduce distributed investment cost of power usage.

Claims (9)

  1. 一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其特征是该电源智能电网系统采用信息处理与管控模块(11)、智能调度驱动模块(12)、分布式电源接入模块(13)、参数量测模块(14)、智能调控负荷输出模块(15)和电网节点参数双向智能通信模块(16),以及多组单组可控蓄电池组成的蓄电池组(17)构成层级构造的分布式电源智能电网的单元系统;所述单元系统的信息处理与管控模块(11)、智能调度驱动模块(12)、分布式电源接入模块(13)、参数量测模块(14)、智能调控负荷输出模块(15)和电网节点参数双向智能通信模块(16),均采用以微处理器为核心的嵌入式系统,具有独立的CPU处理器;所述单元系统中,由底层单元系统A的分布式电源接入模块与上层或同层单元系统B的智能调控负荷输出模块相连接,以及由底层单元系统A的智能调控负荷输出模块与上层或同层单元系统B的 One kind of hierarchical structure distributed intelligent power grid system, characterized in that the system uses intelligent power grid and the information processing management module (11), intelligent scheduling driver module (12), (13), the amount of distributed power parameter access module sensing module (14), a load intelligent control output module (15) and node parameters bidirectional grid intelligent communication module (16), and a plurality of groups of single batteries consisting of a controllable battery pack (17) constituting the hierarchical structure distributed intelligent power grid the system unit; the information processing unit of the system control module (11), intelligent scheduling driver module (12), distributed power access module (13), the parameter measuring module (14), a load intelligent control output module ( 15) and node parameters bidirectional grid intelligent communication module (16), are used as the core of an embedded microprocessor system, having a processor independent CPU; the unit system, distributed system, the power supply unit a by the underlying access into the same module with the upper layer unit or the system B intelligent control output module is connected to the load, and by the intelligent control output module loads the underlying units of the system a and an upper layer unit or the same system B 应的分布式电源接入模块相连接,再由各单元系统的电网节点参数双向智能通信模块通过电脑网络(08)与无线/有线通信网(09)相连接,构成层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统。 Distributed access module should be connected to the power supply, then by the grid node parameters bidirectional intelligent communication module units of the system via a computer network (08) with a wireless / wired communication network (09) connected to a distributed hierarchical structure constituting the intelligent power grid system.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其特征是所述信息处理与管控模块(11)通过系统总线电路(1109)与智能调度驱动模块(12)、电网节点参数双向智能通信模块(16)、参数量测模块(14)相连,并通过电网节点参数双向智能通信模块(16)或通过电脑网络(08)与电网节点参数双向智能通信模块(16)相连;对参数量测模块(14)采集的参数量测数据信息和电网节点参数双向智能通信模块(16)收到的实时数据信息,是根据预先通过程序与数据存储器(1102)存储的软件以及键控电路(1111)设定的数据信息和要求进行分析、处理,并发出相应配电调度指令。 2. The distributed power system of a smart grid in the one hierarchical structure according to claim, wherein said information processing and management module (11) circuit via a system bus (1109) and the intelligent scheduling driver module (12), the grid node parameters smart two-way communication module (16), the parameter measuring module (14) is connected, via the grid node parameters smart two-way communication module (16) or via a computer network (08) and the node parameters grid smart two-way communication module (16) ; parameter measuring module (14) acquired measured parameter data and the node parameters grid smart two-way communication module (16) receives real-time data, based on a program previously stored in the data memory (1102) and a software key control circuit (1111) and the setting information data requirements analysis, processing, and issue the appropriate instructions to dispatch.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其特征是所述单元系统的信息处理与管控模块(11)设有微处理器(1101)、程序与数据存储器(1102)、通信驱动与选通电路(1103)、1/0驱动电路(1104)、外接存储器接口电路(1105)、时钟(1106)、模块电源电路(1107)、标准通信电路与接口(1108)、系统总线电路与接口(1109)、显示电路(1110)、键控电路(1111)、总线(1112),通过系统总线电路与接(1109)连接参数量测模块(14),对安装在分布式电源接入模块(13)和智能调控负荷输出模块(15),以及连接蓄电池组(17)的智能调度驱动模块(12)上的每个输入和每个输出线路的传感器信息进行采集并分析处理,并通过电网节点参数双向智能通信模块(16)及电脑网络(08)和无线/有线通信网(09)实时与供电方的信息系统交互信息,根据接收的供电信息、分类分时电价 3. The distributed power system of a smart grid requirements of the one hierarchical structure, characterized in that the information processing unit of the system control module (11) is provided with a microprocessor (1101), the program and data memory ( 1102), the communication driver to the gate circuit (1103), 1/0 driving circuit (1104), the external memory interface circuit (1105), a clock (1106), the module power supply circuit (1107), a standard communication circuit interface (1108) , a system bus interface circuit (1109), display circuit (1110), keying circuit (1111), a bus (1112), connected to the parameter measurement module (14) via a system bus access circuit (1109), mounted on the distribution of power entry module (13) loads and intelligent control output module (15), and connecting the battery pack (17) of the intelligent scheduling driver module for each input (12) and each output line of the sensor information collected and analyzed processed through the intelligent node parameters grid bidirectional communication module (16) and computer network (08) and a wireless / wired communication network (09) real-time information and interactive information system side power supply, the power supply according to the received information, the classification TOU price 数据以及实时监测的多能源供电参数进行比对形成配电指令,该配电指令传送给分布式电源接入模块(13)和智能调控负荷输出模块(15),依配电指令对每个输入和每个输出线路上的可电控执行同步通断的智能开关控制,完成电力调配指令的调配要求。 Multi-parameter data, and real-time monitoring the energy supply to compare the distribution instruction is formed, the distributed power distribution instructions to the access module (13) loads and intelligent control output module (15), according to distribution for each input instruction and electrically controllable performed on each output line off intelligent synchronous switching control, complete deployment of the deployment command required power.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其特征是所述智能调度驱动模块(12)设有微处理器(1201)、存储器(1202)、时钟(1203)、模块电源电路(1204)、A/DD/A电路(1205)、传感器组电路(1206)、蓄电池接口组(1207)、I/O驱动电路(1208)、充电电路(1209)、逆变电路(1210)、可电控开关组(1211)、系统总线电路与接口(1212)、通信驱动与选通电路(1213)、总线(1214);通过系统总线电路与接口(1212) 与分布式电源接入模块(13)及智能调控负荷输出模块(15)相连,根据信息处理与管控模块(11)发送的电力调度指令和要求发出调度驱动指令,分布式电源接入模块(13)及智能调控负荷输出模块(15)接到指令后,完成可电控执行同步通断的智能开关的相应控制;设有多端口充电电路和多端口逆变电路,且每个端口设有一个可电控执行同步通断的智能 4. The distributed system of intelligent power grid 1 of the one hierarchical structure as claimed in claim, characterized in that said intelligent scheduling driver module (12) is provided with a microprocessor (1201), a memory (1202), a clock (1203) , a power supply circuit module (1204), A / DD / A circuit (1205), the sensor circuit group (1206), a battery interface group (1207), I / O driver circuit (1208), a charging circuit (1209), an inverter circuit (1210), can be electronically controlled switch group (1211), a system bus interface circuit (1212), a communication circuit driving the gate (1213), a bus (1214); and an interface circuit via a system bus (1212) and distributed power the access module (13) and the load intelligent control output module (15) is connected, and power scheduling instruction dispatch is required to send the drive command to the information processing management module (11), distributed power access module (13) and the intelligent control load output module (15) after receiving the command, the control may be electronically controlled to complete the corresponding smart switching off of the synchronization; a charging circuit provided with a multi-port and multi-port inverter circuit, and each port is provided with an electrically controlled execution smart sync off 关,所述端口与蓄电池相连,根据信息处理与管控模块(11)发送的充电、变电及放电调度指令和要求控制各组充电电路和逆变电路上智能开关的通断。 Off, the battery is connected to the port, the information processing and management module (11) transmits the charging, discharging and substation control requirements and scheduling instruction on each set-off the charging circuit and the inverter circuit of the smart switch.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其特征是所述分布式电源接入模块(13)设有微处理器(1301)、多传感器电路(1302)、电源接入端口组(1303)、保护电路及可电控开关组(1304)、通信驱动与选通电路(1305)、系统总线电路与接口(1306)、标准数字通信电路与接口(1307)、时钟(1308)、模块电源电路(1309)、存储器(1310)、总线(1311),具有多种电源输入的端口,且每个端口供电线路上装有用于监测电参数和温度参数的传感器,以及由具有保护电路的可电控开关组(1304)构成的可电控执行同步通断的智能开关通过系统总线电路与接口(1306)受控于智能调度驱动模块(12)。 Distributed power smart grid system according to claim 1 in the one hierarchical structure, characterized in that the distributed power entry module (13) is provided with a microprocessor (1301), multi-sensor circuit (1302), power access port group (1303), and a protection circuit electrically controllable switch group (1304), a communication circuit driving the gate (1305), a system bus interface circuit (1306), a standard digital communication with the interface circuit (1307), clock (1308), a power supply circuit module (1309), a memory (1310), a bus (1311) having a plurality of power input ports, and is equipped with sensors for monitoring electrical parameters and temperature parameters of each port power lines, and the a protective circuit may be electrically controlled switch block (1304) made of an electrically controllable perform synchronization intelligent switching off through a system bus interface circuit (1306) controlled by the intelligent scheduling driver module (12).
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其特征是所述参数量测模块(14)设有微处理器(1401)、存储器(1402)、A/DD/A电路(1403)、参数量测电路与接口组(1404)、通信驱动与选通电路(1405)、系统总线电路与接口(1406)、标准数字通信电路与接口(1407)、时钟电路(1408)、模块电源电路(1409)、总线(1410);通过系统总线电路与接口(1406)及参数量测电路与接口组(1404)与安装在多种电源输入的各端口以及充电电路和逆变电路的供电线路上用于监测电参数和温度参数的传感器相连,采集传感器电路发出的传感信号,并通过模数转换A/DD/A电路(1403),将传感信号转换成数据信息, 由微处理器处理后供信息处理与管控模块(11)使用。 6. A hierarchical structure of the distributed power smart grid system according to claim, wherein said parameter measuring module (14) is provided with a microprocessor (1401), a memory (1402), A / DD / A circuit (1403), the parameter measuring circuit interface group (1404), the communication driver to the gate circuit (1405), the system bus circuit interface (1406), a standard digital communication circuit interface (1407), a clock circuit (1408 ), a power supply circuit module (1409), a bus (1410); and an interface circuit via a system bus (1406) and the measured parameter with the interface circuit group (1404) and installed in each port, and a plurality of charging power supply circuit and the inverter input It is connected to sensors for monitoring electrical parameters and temperature parameters of the power supply line circuit, collecting the sensing signals emitted by the sensor circuit, and analog-digital conversion by the a / DD / a circuit (1403), converting the sensor signals into information data, after processing by the microprocessor for processing the information and management module (11).
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其特征是所述智能调控负荷输出模块(15)设有微处理器(1501)、存储器(1502)、时钟(1503)、模块电源电路(1504)、传感器组电路(1505)、电力输入输出保护电路及端口组(1506)、计量电路(1507)、 I/O驱动电路(1508)、通信驱动与选通电路(1509)、系统总线接口电路(1510)、输入电力控制开关组(1511)、输出电力控制开关组(1512)、总线(1513),由电力输入输出保护电路及端口组(1506)提供多种用户标准电源输出的各端口,且每个端口供电线路上装有可电控执行同步通断的智能开关输入电力控制开关组(1511)、输出电力控制开关组(1512),并受控于微处理器(1501)以此配合智能调度驱动模块(12)完成柔性交流输电和轻型直流输电的电力调配输出。 7. The distributed power system of a smart grid in the one hierarchical structure according to claim, wherein said load intelligent control output module (15) is provided with a microprocessor (1501), a memory (1502), a clock (1503 ), the module power supply circuit (1504), a sensor group circuit (1505), the power input output protection circuit and a port group (1506), the measurement circuit (1507), I / O driver circuit (1508), the communication driver and a gate circuit ( 1509), a system bus interface circuit (1510), an input power control switch group (1511), the output power control switch group (1512), a bus (1513), offers a variety of user input and output from the protection circuit and a power port group (1506) each standard intelligent switch port output power, and may be equipped with electronically controlled supply line perform synchronization on each port input power off switch group control (1511), the output power control switch group (1512), and is controlled by the microprocessor (1501) in this complex intelligent scheduling driver module (12) to complete the deployment of the output power and FACTS HVDC light.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其特征是所述电网节点参数双向智能通信模块(16)设有微处理器(1601)、1/0驱动电路(1602)、通信驱动与选通电路(1603)、存储器(1604)、时钟(1605)、模块电源电路(1606)、无线通信电路与接口(1607)、网络通信电路与接口(1608)、电信通信电路与接口(1609)、系统总线接口电路(1610)、标准通信电路与接口(1611)、总线(1612),通过无线通信电路与接口(1607)、网络通信电路与接口(1608)、电信通信电路与接口(1609)、通信驱动与选通电路(1603)及标准通信电路与接口(1611)与标准的RS485、RS232、USB、INTNET电脑网络(08),以及GSM、 CDMA、3G和ISDN的无线/有线通信网(09)相连,或通过相应接口与内部专用的电脑网络相连,实现与电网节点参数双向智能通信模块相连,集成为分布式电网通信系统,进行 8. The distributed power system of a smart grid requirements of the one hierarchical structure, characterized in that said bidirectional grid node parameters intelligent communication module (16) is provided with a microprocessor (1601), 1/0 driver circuit ( 1602), the communication driver to the gate circuit (1603), a memory (1604), a clock (1605), the module power supply circuit (1606), the wireless communication circuit interface (1607), a network communication circuit interface (1608), the telecommunication circuit interface (1609), a system bus interface circuit (1610), a standard communication circuit interface (1611), a bus (1612), by the wireless communication circuit interface (1607), a network communication circuit interface (1608), the telecommunication circuit interface (1609), the communication driver to the gate circuit (1603) and a standard communication circuit interface (1611) with standard RS485, RS232, USB, INTNET computer network (08), and GSM, CDMA, 3G and the ISDN wireless / wired communication network (09) is connected, or connected through respective dedicated interface to the internal computer network, the node connected to the grid parameters smart two-way communication module, integrated as a distributed power communications system, for 速、 双向、实时及动态智能通信。 Speed, two-way, real-time dynamic and intelligent communication.
  9. 9.根据权利要求1所述一种层级构造的分布式电源智能电网系统,其特征是所述多组单组可控蓄电池组成的蓄电池组(17)按四个工作状态设定为工作蓄电池组、就绪蓄电池组、准备蓄电池组以及一组以上的备用蓄电池组构成,每组蓄电池的工作状态由相连的智能调度驱动模块(12)根据设有的监测电参数和温度参数的传感器组电路(1206)采集的相应参数进行设定,并通过同步通断的可电控开关组(1211)与充电电路(1209)、逆变电路(1210)进行通断控制。 9. The distributed power system of a smart grid requirements of the one hierarchical structure, wherein the plurality of sets of battery pack battery consisting of a single set of controllable (17) according to the operating state set to operate four battery ready battery pack, the battery pack and prepare more than one set of spare battery pack constituted by the operating state of each battery module is connected to intelligent scheduling driver (12) based on the monitoring of electrical parameters and temperature parameters of the circuit is provided with a sensor set (1206 ) acquired set corresponding parameters, and on-off control by the synchronization-off group may be electronically controlled switch (1211) and a charging circuit (1209), an inverter circuit (1210).
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WO2012166872A3 (en) * 2011-05-31 2013-02-28 Cisco Technology, Inc. Distributed intelligence architecture with dynamic reverse/forward clouding
CN103151802A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-06-12 上海交通大学 Coordinated control system and method for DG (Differential Gain) of multi-time scale active power distribution network
CN103762587A (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-04-30 上海电力学院 Optimized networking method of distributed power supply system end users
WO2014087124A1 (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-06-12 Moixa Energy Holdings Limited A system of battery assemblies
US9099868B2 (en) 2011-05-31 2015-08-04 Cisco Technology, Inc. Control federation for utility grids
US9866022B2 (en) 2012-05-24 2018-01-09 Osaka Gas Co., Ltd. Power supply system

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US9099868B2 (en) 2011-05-31 2015-08-04 Cisco Technology, Inc. Control federation for utility grids
US9768613B2 (en) 2011-05-31 2017-09-19 Cisco Technology, Inc. Layered and distributed grid-specific network services
CN103597707A (en) * 2011-05-31 2014-02-19 思科技术公司 Distributed intelligence architecture with dynamic reverse/forward clouding
US9450454B2 (en) 2011-05-31 2016-09-20 Cisco Technology, Inc. Distributed intelligence architecture with dynamic reverse/forward clouding
CN103597707B (en) * 2011-05-31 2016-08-17 思科技术公司 Dynamic Reverse / Forward cloud of distributed intelligence architecture
US9331480B2 (en) 2011-05-31 2016-05-03 Cisco Technology, Inc. Variable topology distributed intelligence for utility grid control operation services
WO2012166872A3 (en) * 2011-05-31 2013-02-28 Cisco Technology, Inc. Distributed intelligence architecture with dynamic reverse/forward clouding
US9866022B2 (en) 2012-05-24 2018-01-09 Osaka Gas Co., Ltd. Power supply system
US9379545B2 (en) 2012-12-04 2016-06-28 Moixa Energy Holdings Limited Systems and methods for battery assemblies
WO2014087124A1 (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-06-12 Moixa Energy Holdings Limited A system of battery assemblies
CN103151802B (en) * 2013-02-06 2015-07-01 上海交通大学 Coordinated control system and method for DG (Differential Gain) of multi-time scale active power distribution network
CN103151802A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-06-12 上海交通大学 Coordinated control system and method for DG (Differential Gain) of multi-time scale active power distribution network
CN103762587A (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-04-30 上海电力学院 Optimized networking method of distributed power supply system end users

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