CN201693051U - Single-point mould-less forming movable supporting device - Google Patents

Single-point mould-less forming movable supporting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201693051U
CN201693051U CN2010202165203U CN201020216520U CN201693051U CN 201693051 U CN201693051 U CN 201693051U CN 2010202165203 U CN2010202165203 U CN 2010202165203U CN 201020216520 U CN201020216520 U CN 201020216520U CN 201693051 U CN201693051 U CN 201693051U
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China
Prior art keywords
assembly
gear
worm
supporting device
point
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2010202165203U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王大志
罗远新
何凯
杜如虚
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Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology of CAS
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Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology of CAS
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Abstract

The utility model provides a single-point mould-less forming movable supporting device which comprises a base, a lifting table assembly and a rotating table assembly arranged on the base, a guide rail assembly arranged on the rotating table assembly, and a supporting head arranged on the guide rail assembly. The supporting head can slide on the guide rail assembly, the lifting table assembly is connected with the rotating table assembly so as to drive the rotating table to move up and down, and the rotating table assembly can rotate on a plane vertical to the lifting direction of the lifting table assembly. The sliding direction of the supporting head on the guide rail assembly and the lifting direction of the lifting table assembly are located in the same plane and are vertical to each other. The single-point mould-less forming movable supporting device adopts the lifting table assembly, the rotating table assembly and the guide rail assembly to respectively control the height h, the rotating angle Theta and the polar diameter Rho of the spatial point of the supporting head in a cylindrical coordinate. With good flexibility, high adaptability, compact equipment structure and good modularization, the single-point mould-less forming movable supporting device thoroughly realizes mould-less forming processing, can adapt to the producing and processing of various products, and can be used for mould-less forming of complicated parts.

Description

Single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device
[technical field]
The utility model relates to a kind of sheet machining apparatus, relates in particular to a kind of single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device.
[background technology]
Single-point mouldless shaping technology is a kind of new sheet forming technology, can overcome the deficiency of die forming, save the expense and the time of mould development, workpiece complexity that can be shaped and percentage elongation be than traditional handicraft height, for the production of multi-varieties and small-batch product and the trial-production of new product provide a kind of new thinking and approach.
In traditional single-point mouldless shaping technology, can be divided into three classes: promptly do not have support, part support and full the support according to the form that whether adopts support and used support in the forming process.Unsupported forming mode only depends on the drawing of drift, and motion mode is single, can only process comparatively simple part; And part support and the full mode that supports are similar to the counterdie in the mould processing, and plate is shaped under the common effect of the supporting mould of top forming tool and bottom.These two kinds of forming modes have been still contour forming processing in essence, need to design supporting mould according to part shape in advance, and or not flexible manufacturing completely.
[utility model content]
Based on the traditional single-point mouldless shaping technology flexibility and the problem of very flexible, be necessary to provide a kind of flexibility and the good single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device of flexibility.
A kind of single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device comprises base, places lifting platform assembly and turntable assembly on the described base, places the guide assembly on the described turntable assembly, the supporting member that is slidingly connected with described guide assembly; Described lifting platform assembly is connected with the turntable assembly, drives the lifting of described turntable assembly; Described turntable assembly can rotate in the plane perpendicular to lifting platform assembly lifting direction; The direction that described supporting member slides on guide assembly is in same plane and vertical mutually with the direction of lifting platform assembly lifting.
Preferably, described lifting platform assembly comprises power-actuated drive mechanism, and described transmission mechanism is connected with the turntable assembly, drives the lifting of described turntable assembly.
Preferably, described drive mechanism adopts worm and gear and rack-and-pinion transmission, comprise the gear housing that is installed on the described base, vertically run through the tooth bar assembly of described gear housing, and laterally be installed in worm-gear toothing assembly and worm component on the described gear housing; Described tooth bar assembly comprises tooth bar, described worm-gear toothing assembly comprise power-actuated first worm gear and with the coaxial mounted gear of worm gear, described worm component comprises first worm screw, the engagement of described first worm screw and first worm gear, described wheel and rack engagement.
Preferably, described tooth bar assembly comprise circular rack, with the linear bearing that described circular rack cooperates, described circular rack enters described gear housing after passing described linear bearing, with the engagement of described worm-gear toothing assembly; Be provided with limited block between described circular rack and the described linear bearing.
Preferably, described turntable assembly comprises the back shaft that is connected with described base plate, power-actuated second worm screw in the gear-box on the described back shaft, described gear-box and second worm gear, vertical axis and the rotating disk that is connected successively; Described second worm gear and second worm engaging, the described rotating disk and second worm gear are separately positioned on the two ends up and down of vertical axis.
Preferably, described turntable assembly also comprises the thrust metal of being located between described gear-box and the rotating disk, and places the thrust bearing on the described thrust metal; Described thrust metal wraps up the sidewall of described rotating disk and the thrust metal of lower end, the side wall lower ends indentation of described rotating disk, and form the gap between the described thrust metal sidewall, described thrust axis radially bearing in described gap.
Preferably, described turntable assembly also comprises the radial axle bearing of being located between described thrust metal and the vertical axis, and is installed in the journal bearing between radial axle bearing and the vertical axis.
Preferably, described thrust metal radially is provided with link near a side of described lifting assembly, and described lifting platform assembly is fixedlyed connected with thrust metal at this, thereby drives the lifting of described turntable assembly.
Preferably, described guide assembly comprises guiderail base, is installed in power-actuated ball screw on the described guiderail base, the slide block that is slidingly connected with described ball screw; Described supporting member is fixed on the slide block, and described guiderail base is connected with the turntable assembly.
Preferably, described guide assembly also comprises the rolling bearing pedestal of being located between described guiderail base and the ball screw, and is located at the rolling bearing between described rolling bearing pedestal and the ball screw; The inner ring of described rolling bearing cooperates with the axle journal of ball screw.
Preferably, one or more in described lifting platform assembly, turntable assembly, the guide assembly by driven by servomotor.
Above-mentioned single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device adopts lifting platform assembly, turntable assembly, and guide assembly is controlled height h, rotational angle theta, the utmost point footpath ρ of supporting member spatial point in cylindrical coordinates respectively.Thoroughly realize mouldless shaping processing, had bigger flexibility and flexibility, can adapt to the production and the processing of multi-assortment production, and can be used for the mouldless shaping of complex parts, had bigger adaptability.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is the front view of single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device among the embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of lifting platform assembly among the embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of an embodiment middle rack assembly;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of an embodiment intermediate station assembly;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of an embodiment middle guide assembly.
[specific embodiment]
The utility model is used for the movable supporting of single-point mouldless shaping, applies real-time some support by supporting member bottom active position to plate in process.Single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device comprises base, places lifting platform assembly and turntable assembly on the base, places the guide assembly on the turntable, places on the guide assembly and the supporting member that can slide on guide assembly.Three assemblies, i.e. lifting platform assembly, turntable assembly, guide assembly produce height h, rotational angle theta, the utmost point footpath ρ of supporting member spatial point in cylindrical coordinates respectively.One or more in three assemblies are furnished with servomotor, can realize accurate location.
Fig. 1 is the front view of single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device among the embodiment, and Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.Single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device comprises base plate 10, places lifting platform assembly 20 and turntable assembly 30 on the base plate 10, places the guide assembly 40 on the turntable assembly 30, places the supporting member 50 that is slidingly connected with guide assembly 40 on the guide assembly 40.Lifting platform assembly 20 is connected with turntable assembly 30, drives 30 liftings of turntable assembly; Turntable assembly 30 can drive guide assembly 40 and rotate in the plane perpendicular to lifting platform assembly 20 lifting directions; The direction that supporting member 50 slides on guide assembly 40 is in same plane and vertical mutually with the direction of lifting platform assembly 20 liftings.62,63,64 be respectively the servomotor that drives lifting platform assembly 20, turntable assembly 30 and guide assembly 40.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of lifting platform assembly 20.In a preferred embodiment, lifting platform assembly 20 adopts worm and gear and rack-and-pinion to cooperate, realize nyctitropic drive mechanism, comprise gear housing 21, vertically run through the tooth bar assembly 22 of gear housing 21, and laterally be installed in worm-gear toothing assembly 23 and worm component 24 on the gear housing 21.Worm-gear toothing assembly 23 comprise first worm gear and with the coaxial mounted gear of first worm gear.Worm component 24 rotates under the driving of servomotor, the wherein engagement of first worm gear in the first worm and wheel gear assembly 23 in the worm component 24, driving worm-gear toothing assembly 23 rotates, tooth bar engagement on the wheel and rack assembly 22 on the worm-gear toothing assembly 23, the rotation of gear is converted to the straight line elevating movement of tooth bar, thereby realizes the variation of height h.In other embodiments, also can adopt other can change the drive mechanism of the direction of motion.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of tooth bar assembly 22.Comprise circular rack 221 perpendicular to base 10, the limited block 222 that links to each other with circular rack 221, the linear bearing 223 that cooperates with circular rack 221, it is outer and carry the sleeve 224 of linear bearing 223 to be enclosed within linear bearing 223, and be located at sleeve 224 near base 10 1 ends, be connected with sleeve 224 with linear bearing 223, the fixing back-up ring 225 of linear bearing 223.Limited block 222 also is connected with sleeve 224, is used to retrain the rotation of circular rack 221, moving of h direction just can only be arranged between linear bearing 223 and the circular rack 221 like this and can not rotate, thereby constitute moving sets.The structure that this employing linear bearing, limited block and circular rack constitute moving sets has characteristics simple in structure, that cost is low, performance is high.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of turntable assembly 30.Comprise the back shaft 31 that links to each other with base plate 10, cover plate 32 on the back shaft 31, gear-box 33 on the cover plate 32, second worm screw 34 in the gear-box 33 and second worm gear 35 that meshes with second worm screw 34 are with second worm gear, the 35 coaxial vertical axises that are connected 36, the rotating disk 37 that is connected with vertical axis 36, thrust bearing 382, the thrust metal 384 that is connected with thrust bearing 382, journal bearing 392, the radial axle bearing 394 that is connected with journal bearing 392.
Back shaft 31, cover plate 32 are connected with gear-box 33, and the support that is used as turntable assembly 30 is to improve the rigidity and the bearing capacity of turntable assembly 30.
Second worm gear 35, vertical axis 36 and rotating disk 37 are connected successively.Second worm gear 35 and rotating disk 37 are separately positioned on vertical axis 36 near an end of bases with away from an end of base.During work, second worm screw 34 drives second worm gear 35 and rotates under the driving of servomotor 63, and then 36 rotations of second worm gear, 35 drive vertical axises, and rotating disk 37 is with the variation of vertical axis 36 coaxial rotation realization rotational angle theta.
The sidewall and the lower end of thrust metal 384 parcel rotating disks 37 are provided with.The lower end indentation of rotating disk 37 sidewalls, and form the gap between thrust metal 384 sidewalls, thrust bearing 382 is placed in one.Thrust bearing 382 is mainly used to bear axial load.Be provided with radial axle bearing 394 between thrust metal 384 and the vertical axis 36, journal bearing 392 is installed between radial axle bearing 394 and the vertical axis 36.Journal bearing 392 is used for to thrust bearing 382 centering and reduces the pivoting friction of vertical axis 36, and journal bearing 392 and thrust bearing 382 are combined raising equipment rigidity and bearing capacity.
Thrust metal 384 radially is provided with link near a side of lifting assembly 10, and circular rack 221 is fixedlyed connected with thrust metal 384 at this, thus the lifting of control turntable assembly 30.Circular rack 221 and back shaft 31 are formed the dual-support structure of single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting devices, help improving the bearing capacity and the rigidity of device.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of guide assembly 40, comprises rolling bearing 412, rolling bearing pedestal 414, and guiderail base 42 is installed in the ball screw 43 on the guiderail base 42, the slide block 44 that is slidingly connected with ball screw 43.Guiderail base 42 is connected with rotating disk 37, rotates under the drive of rotating disk 37.Ball screw 43 is done rectilinear motion together at the supporting member 50 that drives slide block 44 under the driving of servomotor 64 and be fixed on the slide block 44, the direction of motion of slide block 44 and supporting member 50 is in same plane and vertical mutually with the direction of lifting platform assembly 20 liftings, thereby forms the utmost point footpath ρ of spatial point cylindrical coordinates.Be provided with rolling bearing pedestal 414 between guiderail base 42 and the ball screw 43, be provided with rolling bearing 412 between rolling bearing pedestal 414 and the ball screw 43.Rolling bearing pedestal 414 is used for back-up roller dynamic bearing 412, and the inner ring of rolling bearing 412 cooperates with the axle journal of ball screw 43, the friction when rotating to reduce ball screw 43.
Above-mentioned single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device adopts lifting platform assembly, turntable assembly, and guide assembly is controlled height h, rotational angle theta, the utmost point footpath ρ of supporting member spatial point in cylindrical coordinates respectively.Thoroughly realize mouldless shaping processing, had bigger flexibility and flexibility, can adapt to the production and the processing of multi-assortment production, and can be used for the mouldless shaping of complex parts, had bigger adaptability.And compact equipment, modularization are good.
The above embodiment has only expressed several embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but can not therefore be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model claim.Should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model design, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (11)

1. a single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device is characterized in that, comprises base, places lifting platform assembly and turntable assembly on the described base, places the guide assembly on the described turntable assembly, the supporting member that is slidingly connected with described guide assembly; Described lifting platform assembly is connected with the turntable assembly, drives the lifting of described turntable assembly; Described turntable assembly can rotate in the plane perpendicular to lifting platform assembly lifting direction; The direction that described supporting member slides on guide assembly is in same plane and vertical mutually with the direction of lifting platform assembly lifting.
2. single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described lifting platform assembly comprises power-actuated drive mechanism, and described transmission mechanism is connected with the turntable assembly, drives the lifting of described turntable assembly.
3. single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described drive mechanism adopts worm and gear and rack-and-pinion transmission, comprise the gear housing that is installed on the described base, vertically run through the tooth bar assembly of described gear housing, and laterally be installed in worm-gear toothing assembly and worm component on the described gear housing; Described tooth bar assembly comprises tooth bar, described worm-gear toothing assembly comprise power-actuated first worm gear and with the coaxial mounted gear of worm gear, described worm component comprises first worm screw, the engagement of described first worm screw and first worm gear, described wheel and rack engagement.
4. single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described tooth bar assembly comprise circular rack, with the linear bearing that described circular rack cooperates, described circular rack enters described gear housing after passing described linear bearing, with the engagement of described worm-gear toothing assembly; Be provided with limited block between described circular rack and the described linear bearing.
5. single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described turntable assembly comprises the back shaft that is connected with described base plate, power-actuated second worm screw in the gear-box on the described back shaft, described gear-box and second worm gear, vertical axis and the rotating disk that is connected successively; Described second worm gear and second worm engaging, the described rotating disk and second worm gear are separately positioned on the two ends up and down of vertical axis.
6. single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device according to claim 5 is characterized in that described turntable assembly also comprises the thrust metal of being located between described gear-box and the rotating disk, and places the thrust bearing on the described thrust metal; Described thrust metal wraps up the sidewall of described rotating disk and the thrust metal of lower end, the side wall lower ends indentation of described rotating disk, and form the gap between the described thrust metal sidewall, described thrust axis radially bearing in described gap.
7. single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described turntable assembly also comprises the radial axle bearing of being located between described thrust metal and the vertical axis, and is installed in the journal bearing between radial axle bearing and the vertical axis.
8. single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described thrust metal radially is provided with link near a side of described lifting assembly, and described lifting platform assembly is fixedlyed connected with thrust metal at this, thereby drives the lifting of described turntable assembly.
9. single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described guide assembly comprises guiderail base, is installed in power-actuated ball screw on the described guiderail base, the slide block that is slidingly connected with described ball screw; Described supporting member is fixed on the slide block, and described guiderail base is connected with the turntable assembly.
10. single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described guide assembly also comprises the rolling bearing pedestal of being located between described guiderail base and the ball screw, and is located at the rolling bearing between described rolling bearing pedestal and the ball screw; The inner ring of described rolling bearing cooperates with the axle journal of ball screw.
11., it is characterized in that one or more in described lifting platform assembly, turntable assembly, the guide assembly according to any described single-point mouldless shaping movable supporting device in the claim 1 to 10 by driven by servomotor.
CN2010202165203U 2010-06-04 2010-06-04 Single-point mould-less forming movable supporting device Expired - Lifetime CN201693051U (en)

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CN2010202165203U CN201693051U (en) 2010-06-04 2010-06-04 Single-point mould-less forming movable supporting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103316981A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-25 上海交通大学 Double-sided multi-point incremental forming device
CN103341542A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-10-09 上海交通大学 Double-faced multipoint increment forming technology
CN107252969A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-10-17 厦门市三熠智能科技有限公司 A kind of lithium battery laser welding precise clamp
CN110544662A (en) * 2019-10-11 2019-12-06 王华珍 rotary positioning device for semiconductor device processing

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103316981A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-25 上海交通大学 Double-sided multi-point incremental forming device
CN103341542A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-10-09 上海交通大学 Double-faced multipoint increment forming technology
CN103316981B (en) * 2013-06-21 2016-07-06 上海交通大学 Two-sided multi-point incremental forming device
CN103341542B (en) * 2013-06-21 2016-10-12 上海交通大学 Two-sided multi-point incremental forming technology
CN107252969A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-10-17 厦门市三熠智能科技有限公司 A kind of lithium battery laser welding precise clamp
CN110544662A (en) * 2019-10-11 2019-12-06 王华珍 rotary positioning device for semiconductor device processing
CN110544662B (en) * 2019-10-11 2022-06-14 青岛融合装备科技有限公司 Rotary positioning device for semiconductor device processing

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Granted publication date: 20110105

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