CN201688578U - Solar water heater modified from gas or electric water heater - Google Patents

Solar water heater modified from gas or electric water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201688578U
CN201688578U CN2010201690355U CN201020169035U CN201688578U CN 201688578 U CN201688578 U CN 201688578U CN 2010201690355 U CN2010201690355 U CN 2010201690355U CN 201020169035 U CN201020169035 U CN 201020169035U CN 201688578 U CN201688578 U CN 201688578U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
solar
heat
heater
thermal
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010201690355U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑克汀
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SHANGHAI JITE INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI JITE INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010201690355U priority Critical patent/CN201688578U/en
Priority claimed from US12/816,387 external-priority patent/US8375934B2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201688578U publication Critical patent/CN201688578U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar water heater modified from a gas or electric water heater, which comprises a water storage barrel of an original water heater, two tees, a solar heat circulation loop, three temperature sensors and a computer controller. The solar heat circulation loop comprises a first manual ball valve, a solar circulation water pump, a solar heat collector, a temperature/pressure valve, a vacuum valve, a heat circulation stop valve and a second manual ball valve which are sequentially connected, the three temperature sensors are respectively installed at an output end of the solar heat collector, on a water discharge valve hole at the bottom of the water storage barrel and on a hot water outlet of the water storage barrel, and the computer controller is respectively electrically connected with the solar circulation water pump and the three temperature sensors. The computer controller automatically controls the modified solar water heater to lead solar energy to be utilized to the maximum to heat water in the water storage barrel, and the traditional gas or electricity of the original water heater can only be used when the solar energy cannot heat water to a required temperature.

Description

The solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into
Technical field
The utility model relates to solar energy green energy resource application, is specifically related to a kind of solar water heater that utilizes family, the commercial combustion gas of generally using or electric heater to repack into.
Technical background
Solar energy is inexhaustible green energy resource.Utilize the hot water and the heating system of solar energy and average family, commerce and enterprise as much as possible, can greatly reduce use, to reach the target of energy-saving and emission-reduction and minimizing global greenhouse effect traditional energy.
At present the most frequently used common water heater overwhelming majority is to be acted as a fuel by combustion gas in family, commerce and the enterprise of countries such as Europe, the United States, and small part is used the electric energy heating water heater, all has one in the garage of common family in country of Europe, the United States.This water heater has an enclosed pressure bearing stored bucket and directly is connected with cold water inlet.This combustion gas or electric heater progressively are being applied to the family of China, commercial hot-water heating system along with the development that Chinese foreign exchanges.These combustion gas () water heater consumption all be non-renewable energy resources, if things go on like this to energy-saving and emission-reduction with to reduce global greenhouse effect very unfavorable.Therefore demand a kind of method that can utilize these water heaters that are used in a large number to repack solar water heater into urgently, to use green energy resource, energy-saving and emission-reduction, protection environment.
Summary of the invention
The utility model has solved the problem that existing water heater mainly uses combustion gas and electrical heating traditional energy, a kind of solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into is provided, it can make original hot water supply system can utilize this green energy resource of solar energy fully, thereby has saved the non-renewable energy resources that need consume originally greatly.
Realize that the above-mentioned purpose technical scheme is: a kind of solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into, the water butt that comprises former water heater, the top of described water butt is provided with cooling water inlet and hot water outlet, the bottom is provided with and discharges water valve opening and discharging valve is installed, described cooling water inlet and hot water outlet are connected with cold water inlet and hot water delivery pipe respectively, described solar water heater also comprises first threeway, second threeway, the solar heat circulation loop, first temperature sensor, second temperature sensor, three-temperature sensor and computer control
Between the bottom blow valve hole of described water butt and discharging valve, increase a pipeline, described first threeway is installed on this pipeline, the outlet of this first threeway is as the water inlet of described solar heat circulation loop, described second threeway is installed on the described cold water inlet, and the inlet of this second threeway is as the delivery port of described solar heat circulation loop;
Described solar heat circulation loop is connected between described water inlet and the delivery port, and it comprises first manual ball valve, solar energy water circulating pump, solar thermal collector, heat collector temperature/pressure valve, thermal cycle check-valves and second manual ball valve that connects successively;
Described first temperature sensor, second temperature sensor, three-temperature sensor are installed in respectively on the hot water outlet of the bottom blow valve hole of the output of described solar thermal collector, described water butt and described water butt;
Described computer control is electrically connected with described solar energy water circulating pump and described first temperature sensor, second temperature sensor and three-temperature sensor respectively.
The above-mentioned solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into, wherein, described solar thermal collector is the vacuum heat-pipe heat collector, it comprises a thermal-arrest connecting tube and a plurality of vacuum heat collection pipe, described thermal-arrest connecting tube is communicated with described solar heat circulation loop, its length direction is offered a plurality of jacks uniformly at intervals, is inserted with a spile in these jacks respectively hermetically, the upper end closed of this spile and lower ending opening; Described a plurality of vacuum heat collection pipe comprises respectively and is used to absorb heat and heat insulation vacuum tube and the heat pipe that is used to conduct heat that is inserted in vacuum pipe inner cavity central authorities, heat pipe in the vacuum heat collection pipe is plugged in the spile, so that the recirculated water by solar thermal collector only flows into described thermal-arrest connecting tube and do not flow in the described vacuum heat collection pipe.
The above-mentioned solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into, wherein, described thermal-arrest connecting tube and spile are copper pipe or stainless steel tube, and the outside of described thermal-arrest connecting tube is coated with insulating barrier.
The above-mentioned solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into, wherein, described solar heat circulation loop also comprises the vacuum valve that is connected between described heat collector temperature/pressure valve and the described thermal cycle check-valves.
The above-mentioned solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into, wherein, the cold water check-valves is installed on the cold water inlet of described water butt, thermostatic valve and hot water circulating pump are installed on the hot water delivery pipe of described water butt, this hot water circulating pump is electrically connected with described computer control.
The technical scheme of utilizing the solar water heater that combustion gas or electric heater repack into of the present utility model, under the prerequisite of not removing original traditional gas heater in the family, green energy resource-solar energy be can make things convenient for, effectively and at low cost promote and the most general commerce and the application on family's combustion gas or the electric heater used, solved main use combustion gas or the electric power present situation as the hot water energy, the consumption that greatly reduces non-renewable traditional energy also effectively reduces discharge of harmful gases such as carbon dioxide.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that utilizes the solar water heater that combustion gas or electric heater repack into of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 a is the structural representation of thermal-arrest connecting tube in the solar thermal collector that utilizes the solar water heater that combustion gas or electric heater repack into of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 b is the A-A cutaway view among Fig. 2 a.
The specific embodiment
Also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail below by the specific embodiment.
See also Fig. 1, the solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into of the present utility model, the former water heater of present embodiment is a gas heater, it has an enclosed pressure bearing stored bucket 1, the top of water butt 1 is provided with cooling water inlet 11, hot water outlet 12, temperature/pressure valve 16 and smoke exhaust pipe 15, the bottom is provided with the valve opening 13 that discharges water, and cooling water inlet 11 and hot water outlet 12 are connected with cold water inlet 8 and hot water delivery pipe 9 respectively, and the valve opening 13 that discharges water is equipped with discharging valve 17.The solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into of the present utility model also comprises first threeway, second threeway, solar heat circulation loop, first temperature sensor 4, second temperature sensor 5, three-temperature sensor 6 and computer control 3, wherein
Between the bottom blow valve hole 13 of water butt 1 and discharging valve 17, increase a pipeline 14, first threeway is installed on this pipeline 14, the outlet of this first threeway is as the water inlet 21 of described solar heat circulation loop, second threeway is installed on the cold water inlet 8, and the inlet of this second threeway is as the delivery port 29 of solar heat circulation loop;
The solar heat circulation loop is connected between water inlet 21 and the delivery port 29, and it comprises first manual ball valve 22, solar energy water circulating pump 23, solar thermal collector 24, heat collector temperature/pressure valve 25, vacuum valve 26, thermal cycle check-valves 27 and second manual ball valve 28 that connects successively; Thermal cycle check-valves 27 can guarantee that the cold water in the cold water inlet 8 can not flow to the solar heat circulation loop; Heat collector temperature/pressure valve 25, vacuum valve 26 can shield to the solar heat circulation loop; First manual ball valve 22 and second manual ball valve 28 can be closed the solar heat circulation loop when solar thermal collector 24 needs repairing;
First temperature sensor 4, second temperature sensor 5 and three-temperature sensor 6 be installed in the output of solar thermal collector 24 respectively, in the bottom blow valve hole 13 of former water heater water butt 1 and the hot water outlet 12 of former water heater water butt 1; The water temperature that first temperature sensor 4, second temperature sensor 5 and three-temperature sensor 6 are responded to is respectively T1, T2 and T3;
Computer control 3 is electrically connected with solar energy water circulating pump 23 and first temperature sensor 4, second temperature sensor 5 and three-temperature sensor 6 respectively;
On the cold water inlet 8 of former water heater cold water check-valves 81 is installed also, this cold water check-valves 81 can not flow to the cold water watering in order to guarantee the hot water that circulates in the solar energy heating circulation loop; Thermostatic valve 91 and hot water circulating pump 92 are installed on the hot water delivery pipe 9 of former water heater water butt 1, and this hot water circulating pump 92 is electrically connected with computer control 3; The hot water output temperature that thermostatic valve 91 assurances are repacked into behind the solar water heater can be set by the user, and avoids the hot water of water butt 1 output excessive temperature; Hot water circulating pump 92 is as the hot water circuit power of hot water supply system, also can be by computer control 3 controls, start when water butt 1 temperature is increased to the highest control temperature in summer, force to make hot water in hot water delivery pipe 9, circulate with the water temperature of reduction water butt 1;
Solar thermal collector 24 is vacuum heat-pipe heat collector (seeing also Fig. 2 a and Fig. 2 b), it comprises a thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 and a plurality of vacuum heat collection pipe 243, the length direction of thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 is offered a plurality of jacks uniformly at intervals, be inserted with a spile 242 in these jacks respectively hermetically, the upper end closed of this spile 242 and lower ending opening, thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 usefulness copper pipes or stainless steel tube material are made; Spile 232 is made by copper pipe or stainless steel tube and is consistent with the material therefor of thermal-arrest connecting tube 241; Thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 is communicated with solar energy water circulating pump 23 in the solar heat circulation loop by pipeline; Vacuum heat collection pipe 243 comprises and is used to absorb heat and the heat insulation vacuum tube heat pipe that be used to conduct heat central with being inserted in vacuum pipe inner cavity; Heat pipe in the vacuum heat collection pipe 243 is plugged in the spile 242, so that the recirculated water by solar thermal collector only flows into thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 and do not flow in the vacuum heat collection pipe 243, the solar thermal energy of vacuum heat collection pipe 243 being collected by spile 242 passes to the recirculated water in the thermal-arrest connecting tube 241; The flow of this thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 and flow velocity design basic identically with flow, the flow velocity of solar energy heating circulation loop; Thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 outsides also are coated with insulating barrier, can insulate with external environment condition well, vacuum thermal insulator owing to vacuum heat collection pipe 243 is not communicated with thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 simultaneously, thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 there is fabulous underground heat protection, water so can directly circulate in the thermal-arrest connecting tube 241 in the water butt 1 does not transmit hydraulic fluid and do not use other transmitting medium to do thermal cycle;
The major control function of computer control 3 comprises: based on the using energy source of solar energy resources, promptly under the enough situation of solar energy resources, do not use any conventional energy resource heat cycles water, only when solar energy is not enough, start the combustion heater of former water heater or electric heater as supplementary energy heat cycles water; The water temperature of control solar water heater; The protection of solar thermal collector maximum temperature; The solar thermal collector freezing prevention protection; The control of water butt maximum temperature; Water butt is refrigerating function again; System is Celsius to show conversion with Fahrenheit temperature; Water butt automatic sterilizing function; Water heater hot-water output hot water temperature control; The water butt overtemperature protection; The function manual adjustments of control system and the cryptoguard of control system.
The operation principle of the solar water heater that combustion gas or electric heater repack into of utilizing of the present utility model is:
Solar heat circulating pump 23 is startup work under the control of computer controlled automatic device 3, gives water butt 1 in order to the solar thermal energy circulating transfer that the solar thermal collector in the solar heat circulation loop 24 is collected; Computer control 3 is controlled the startup of solar energy water circulating pump 23 by the water temperature T 1 of solar thermal collector 24 outputs with the temperature difference of the water temperature T 2 of water butt 1 bottom or is closed, the temperature difference of opening or closing solar energy water circulating pump 23 can be set by the user, and the water temperature T 3 of computer control 3 usefulness water butts 1 hot water outlet 12 compares and control the highest water temperature of solar water heater; The difference of comparing with the water temperature T 2 of water butt 1 bottom in the water temperature T 1 of solar thermal collector 24 outputs reaches a certain setting value, and thermal-arrest circulating pump 23 is opened, and the solar thermal energy of assembling is flowed by hot water circuit is transferred to water butt 1; Transmission along with heat energy, the temperature of solar thermal collector 24 outputs progressively reduces, the water temperature T 2 of water butt 1 progressively raises, when the temperature difference of the water temperature T 1 of solar thermal collector 24 outputs and the water temperature T 2 of water butt 1 bottom is reduced to a certain setting value, computer control 3 control thermal-arrest circulating pumps 23 cut out, and solar water heating system stops to heat to the water in the water butt 1.Computer control 3 detects the highest water temperature of water butt 1 simultaneously by three-temperature sensor 6, when hot water circuit makes the water temperature T 3 of the hot water outlet 12 of water butt 1 reach the highest water temperature of setting, computer control 3 is by different control methods, such as the hot water circulating pump 92 that is connected on by startup on the hot water delivery pipe 9, high-temperature-hot-water in the water butt 1 is circulated, so that water butt 1 water temperature is reduced under the highest set water temperature in hot water delivery pipe 9.
Under the condition of illumination abundance, computer control 3 enough heats the temperature that the water arrival in the water butt 1 needs by the solar energy that first temperature sensor 4 detects solar thermal collector 24 outputs, combustion heater or electric heater 7 by the former water heater of computer control 3 controls do not start, or by the temperature of water in the temperature control system of the former water heater induction water butt 1, when water temperature satisfied setting value, the combustion heater of former water heater or electric heater 7 did not start;
Under the relatively poor condition of illumination, the water temperature T 2 that the solar energy that computer control 3 is exported by first temperature sensor, 4 detection solar thermal collectors 24 is not enough to heat in the water butt 1 arrives the setting value of setting, simultaneously because when the use of hot water makes water temperature be reduced to specified temp in the water butt 1, the combustion heater of former water heater or electric heater 7 are opened by computer control 3 controls, or, the water in the water butt 1 is heated by its former water heater temperature control system control unlatching; When computer control 3 detected the temperature of a certain setting of water temperature T 2 arrival in the water butt 1 by three-temperature sensor 6, then the combustion heater of former water heater or electric heater 7 were closed.
Solar water heater of the present utility model is not owing to pass through water in the vacuum heat collection pipe 243 of solar thermal collector 24, so solar thermal collector 24 except being installed in the roof, can also vertically be installed on the metope in face south or install angularly with the metope in face south.
Electrical heating water heater commonly used on the mobile garage can repack solar water heater of the present utility model into equally.
Above embodiment has been described in detail the utility model, and those skilled in the art can make the many variations example to the utility model according to the above description.Thereby some details in the embodiment should not constitute qualification of the present utility model, and the scope that the utility model will define with appended claims is as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into, the water butt that comprises former water heater, the top of described water butt is provided with cooling water inlet and hot water outlet, the bottom is provided with and discharges water valve opening and discharging valve is installed, described cooling water inlet and hot water outlet are connected with cold water inlet and hot water delivery pipe respectively, it is characterized in that, described solar water heater also comprises first threeway, second threeway, the solar heat circulation loop, first temperature sensor, second temperature sensor, three-temperature sensor and computer control
Between the bottom blow valve hole of described water butt and discharging valve, increase a pipeline, described first threeway is installed on this pipeline, the outlet of this first threeway is as the water inlet of described solar heat circulation loop, described second threeway is installed on the described cold water inlet, and the inlet of this second threeway is as the delivery port of described solar heat circulation loop;
Described solar heat circulation loop is connected between described water inlet and the delivery port, and it comprises first manual ball valve, solar energy water circulating pump, solar thermal collector, heat collector temperature/pressure valve, thermal cycle check-valves and second manual ball valve that connects successively;
Described first temperature sensor, second temperature sensor, three-temperature sensor are installed in respectively on the hot water outlet of the bottom blow valve hole of the output of described solar thermal collector, described water butt and described water butt;
Described computer control is electrically connected with described solar energy water circulating pump and described first temperature sensor, second temperature sensor and three-temperature sensor respectively.
2. the solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described solar thermal collector is the vacuum heat-pipe heat collector, it comprises a thermal-arrest connecting tube and a plurality of vacuum heat collection pipe, described thermal-arrest connecting tube is communicated with described solar heat circulation loop, its length direction is offered a plurality of jacks uniformly at intervals, is inserted with a spile in these jacks respectively hermetically, the upper end closed of this spile and lower ending opening; Described a plurality of vacuum heat collection pipe comprises respectively and is used to absorb heat and heat insulation vacuum tube and the heat pipe that is used to conduct heat that is inserted in vacuum pipe inner cavity central authorities, heat pipe in the vacuum heat collection pipe is plugged in the spile, so that the recirculated water by solar thermal collector only flows into described thermal-arrest connecting tube and do not flow in the described vacuum heat collection pipe.
3. the solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described thermal-arrest connecting tube and spile are copper pipe or stainless steel tube, and the outside of described thermal-arrest connecting tube is coated with insulating barrier.
4. the solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described solar heat circulation loop also comprises the vacuum valve that is connected between described heat collector temperature/pressure valve and the described thermal cycle check-valves.
5. the solar water heater that utilizes combustion gas or electric heater to repack into according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the cold water check-valves is installed on the cold water inlet of described water butt, thermostatic valve and hot water circulating pump are installed on the hot water delivery pipe of described water butt, and this hot water circulating pump is electrically connected with described computer control.
CN2010201690355U 2010-04-26 2010-04-26 Solar water heater modified from gas or electric water heater Expired - Fee Related CN201688578U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201690355U CN201688578U (en) 2010-04-26 2010-04-26 Solar water heater modified from gas or electric water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201690355U CN201688578U (en) 2010-04-26 2010-04-26 Solar water heater modified from gas or electric water heater
US12/816,387 US8375934B2 (en) 2010-04-26 2010-06-16 Solar water heater retrofitted from conventional water heater, system and method

Publications (1)

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CN201688578U true CN201688578U (en) 2010-12-29

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CN2010201690355U Expired - Fee Related CN201688578U (en) 2010-04-26 2010-04-26 Solar water heater modified from gas or electric water heater

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102789247A (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-11-21 长沙旁流水处理设备有限公司 Temperature control system of recoil valve
CN102799197A (en) * 2011-05-21 2012-11-28 冯军 Negative-pressure operating pump temperature control system
CN106247643A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-21 合肥通用电源设备有限公司 A kind of power control system of solar water heater

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102789247A (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-11-21 长沙旁流水处理设备有限公司 Temperature control system of recoil valve
CN102799197A (en) * 2011-05-21 2012-11-28 冯军 Negative-pressure operating pump temperature control system
CN106247643A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-21 合肥通用电源设备有限公司 A kind of power control system of solar water heater
CN106247643B (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-08-07 合肥通用电源设备有限公司 A kind of power control system of solar water heater

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101229

Termination date: 20120426

C17 Cessation of patent right