CN201637165U - Connector for solar heat collector - Google Patents

Connector for solar heat collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201637165U
CN201637165U CN2010201523935U CN201020152393U CN201637165U CN 201637165 U CN201637165 U CN 201637165U CN 2010201523935 U CN2010201523935 U CN 2010201523935U CN 201020152393 U CN201020152393 U CN 201020152393U CN 201637165 U CN201637165 U CN 201637165U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar energy
water
connector
heating
nozzles
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2010201523935U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄仁雄
廖进勇
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黄仁雄
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Priority to CN2010201523935U priority Critical patent/CN201637165U/en
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Publication of CN201637165U publication Critical patent/CN201637165U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The utility model provides a connector for a solar heat collector, comprising two sealing covers that are adaptive with a solar glass tube, and two T-shaped three-way joints, wherein each three-way joint is provided with a main nozzle and two side nozzles; the two side nozzles are arranged on the same axis line; the axis line of each main nozzle is vertical to the axis line of the two side nozzles; the external cover surfaces of the two sealing covers face to each other; the main nozzles of the two three-way joints are arranged between the two sealing covers, with openings backing to each other respectively; the main nozzles of the two three-way joints are arranged on the same axis line and are separated on the axis line; and four side nozzles of the two three-way joints pass through the corresponding sealing cover respectively and are exposed on the internal side of the corresponding sealing cover. In the utility model, the heating efficiency of a heating pipeline controlled by each set of automatic controlling mechanism can be improved, furthermore, the arrangement mode of the glass tube is reasonable, thus saving space; furthermore, heating units at the previous level and the rear level are easy to be connected in series and are convenient to disassemble and assemble.

Description

The connector of solar energy heat collector
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of solar energy heat collector, is specifically related to a kind of connector of solar energy heat collector.
Background technology
The heat-absorbing member that solar energy heat collector is commonly used is the solar energy glass pipe, and heat absorption liquid commonly used is water or conduction oil, and water or conduction oil are introduced in the solar energy glass pipe and are heated during work.The solar energy glass pipe manufacture standardization, industrialization, commercially available solar energy glass pipe specification (diameter, length) is tending towards unified substantially.
The type of flow of the heat absorption liquid of solar energy glass pipe mainly contains following two kinds:
First kind is the mode that circulates in the single solar energy glass pipe, being about to water directly packs in the solar energy glass pipe, utilize the temperature difference of water in the solar energy glass pipe to realize that water circulates in the solar energy glass pipe, for example the normal domestic solar water heater adopts this mode exactly, the shortcoming of this mode is as follows: 1, because the solar energy glass pipe can not pressure-bearing, so current can not be with hydraulic pressure, each solar energy glass pipe can only be communicated with water tank respectively, between each solar energy glass pipe owing to there is not hydraulic pressure, can not flow and progressively intensification of realization by plural serial stage, mean and multistagely to heat, and can only single-stage heat (so-called " multistage heating ", the next stage solar energy glass pipe of water after the heating of upper level solar energy glass pipe being sent into series connection with it heats again exactly, and multistage heating can realize progressively heating up; So-called " single-stage heating " heats be exactly water no longer is transported to next stage solar energy glass pipe after by the solar energy glass pipe); 2, under the situation of single-stage heating, surface area and cavity volume according to existing commercially available common solar energy glass pipe, the highest water can only being heated to about 80 ℃, and water temperature can't be improved 100 ℃, also can't be heated to 100 ℃ for conduction oil, thereby can only utilize solar energy to make water heater usually to be used for shower, and can't boil water, toast, make warm, cooking etc., purposes is restricted; In addition, under the situation of single-stage heating, after water being heated to about 80 ℃, even shine heating more for a long time, water temperature also is difficult to improve, and this means after water temperature is elevated to a certain degree can't absorb solar energy effectively more, thereby has the problem that can not make full use of solar energy; 3, the solar energy glass pipe breaks a little and promptly can not use, and the solar energy glass pipe constantly bears to expand with heat and contract with cold and very easily breaks.
The type of flow of second kind of heat absorption liquid is the series flow mode, be connected in series by more piece solar energy glass pipe and form series pipe, cold water during work (or other heat absorption liquid of heat conduction wet goods) enters from an end of series pipe, through becoming hot water after the series pipe heating or boiling water flows out from the other end, therefore can flow out boiling water while importing cold water, realize that cold water is flowed through just to become the boiling water utilization behind the pipeline.In this mode, directly bear hydraulic pressure for fear of the solar energy glass pipe, the metal tube of generally in the solar energy glass pipe, packing into, and utilize seal cover to cover the end face of solar energy glass pipe, solar energy glass pipe tube chamber is hedged off from the outer world, water flows into metal tube during work, and does not directly contact with the solar energy glass pipe.Owing to adopt series system, and can realize multistage heating, realize progressively heating up, become boiling water so the water in the metal tube can be heated to 100 ℃.Obviously, the mode of this " online utilization " in the course of the work, the water that needs on the one hand to be heated to 100 ℃ is in time drained, and must guarantee again that on the other hand the temperature of the water of draining reaches design temperature (for example 100 ℃).In time discharge in order to control the water that is heated to design temperature, and the water that prevents from not reach as yet preset temperature is discharged, one cover automatic controls must be set at the front end of series pipe, this automatic controls comprises temperature sensor at least, magnetic valve and microprocessor, after the water of temperature sensor detection series pipe front end reaches design temperature, the microprocessor instructs magnetic valve is opened, allow the water (conduction oil) that is heated to design temperature in time drain, and allow follow-up water or additional the inflow in the series pipe rear end of conduction oil be heated, so just can maximally utilise solar energy, and obtain high-temperature water (conduction oil) to greatest extent.
But the existing second way in use still has the following disadvantages: 1, the heating power of the heating pipe line of every cover automatic controls control is low, it is few that magnetic valve is opened water (conduction oil) amount that is flowed out each time, the speed of producing boiling water is slow, possibly can't satisfy the speed of people to the boiling water demand, supply falls short of demand to cause the boiling water that series pipe produces.Heating power for the series pipe (promptly overlaps the series pipe of solenoid control) that improves the control of every cover automatic controls, people once attempted increasing the progression of solar energy glass pipe series connection, but the effect of receiving is but disproportionate with the progression of connecting that increases, this be because: after water is heated to 100 ℃, continue heating and be difficult to the temperature that raises again, can make boiling water become steam on the contrary, the endothermic effect of steam is poor than aqueous water, and the air pressure of steam can force the current of back to retreat backflow again, until current are squeezed metal tube, thereby influence solar energy glass pipe operate as normal.Therefore, the simple progression that relies on increase solar energy glass pipe to connect is limited to the effect that improves heating power, proper as for the series-connected solar glass tube that adopts how many levels, then need according to latitude of living in what, the heat-conducting medium that adopted be the temperature that reaches of what, needs what etc. the factor decision, also need progression in addition according to the series connection of Various Seasonal adjustment increase and decrease solar energy glass pipe.On the other hand, the connected mode of the existing second way is mostly connected from the axial of solar energy glass pipe, and it is unreasonable that the solar energy glass pipe is controlled mode, and integral body takies the place, and every increase one-level series connection, just need to prolong the space, place that is equivalent to a node solar glass tube length.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming and connector that a kind of solar energy heat collector is provided, and it can make the heating power of the heating pipe line of every cover automatic controls control improve, and the solar energy glass pipe to control mode reasonable, save the space.
Its purpose can realize by following scheme: a kind of connector of solar energy heat collector, comprise two with the adaptive seal cover of solar energy glass pipe, the three-way connection of two T fonts; Each three-way connection is provided with a master and connects to chew with two side joints and chew, and wherein two side joints are chewed and are positioned on the same axis, mainly connects the axis that the axis normal of chewing is chewed in two side joints; The outer capping of two seal covers faces one another; The master of two three-way connections connect chew between two seal covers and both openings towards opposing, the master of two three-way connections connects to chew and is arranged on the same axis but both cut off on this axis; Four side joints of two three-way connections are chewed and are passed corresponding seal cover respectively and expose inboard at corresponding seal cover.So-called " inboard of seal cover ", one side of close solar energy glass tube cavity when being exactly the seal cover use; In two cappings of each seal cover, the capping towards the solar energy glass tube cavity during use is called " the interior capping of seal cover ", and the another side of seal cover just is called " the outer capping of seal cover ".
The three-way connection cast solid of above-mentioned two seal covers and two T fonts.
The utlity model has following advantage and effect:
When 1, the utility model uses, two U font metal tubes (connecing the axis place direction of chewing with two masters of connector is fore-and-aft direction) about each connector can connect, wherein the left side side joint of a three-way connection of an end of left side U font metal tube connection is chewed, and the other end of left side U font metal tube connects the left side side joint of another three-way connection and chews; And the right side joint of a three-way connection of an end of the right U font metal tube connection is chewed, and the other end of the right U font metal tube connects the right side joint of another three-way connection and chews; About two U font metal tubes stretch into respectively about in two solar energy glass pipe tube chambers, two seal covers are with the tube chamber sealing of two solar energy glass pipes about can utilizing simultaneously, like this, two solar energy glass pipes that each connector connects can form the unit of a single-stage heating, the unit that means a single-stage heating can have two solar energy glass pipes to heat, and the current in these two solar energy glass pipes close first the branch afterwards; Import and outlet owing to each grade heating unit is located along the same line again, therefore heating units at different levels can be together in series easily before and after, be that the back master of front connector connects and chews the preceding master who connects the back connector and connect and chew, after each connector is together in series, the master of connector meets the place of chewing one cover automatic controls is set up front, promptly the master of connector meets the place of chewing temperature inductor and magnetic valve is installed up front, and being provided with microprocessor, microprocessor opens or closes according to the testing result control magnetic valve of temperature inductor; And backmost after the one-level main connecing chew and can be connected (also can be connected, or be in high-order water tank and be connected) with the conduction oil that has pressure with running water, so just can construct formation and overlap the multistage heating pipe line that automatic controls (magnetic valve) is controlled by one.When this heating pipe line work, after top water (conduction oil) is heated to design temperature, magnetic valve is opened, the water (conduction oil) that is heated to design temperature flows out, simultaneously under hydraulic pressure (oil pressure of the conduction oil) effect of running water, follow-up water (conduction oil) flows into series pipe, after entering each grade heating unit, be divided into two-way, after the heating of each grade heating unit, be combined into one the tunnel again, on and off like this, constantly pass temperature, the rising temperature, until reaching design temperature, water can be heated as 100 ℃ becomes boiling water, and conduction oil can be heated to 200 ℃.Compared with prior art, the utility model can make the heating power by the multistage heating pipe line of cover automatic controls (magnetic valve) control significantly improve, the speed that the heating pipe line of each solenoid control adds hot water (or conduction oil) can significantly improve, it is many that magnetic valve is opened the water yield (or oil mass) that is flowed into each time, and firing rate is fast.
2, the serial connection of front and back level heating unit is easy, and easy accessibility only needs to connect or dismounting one place's joint gets final product.
3, can make putting of solar energy glass pipe compact regular; Every increase one-level series unit only needs to prolong the space, place that is equivalent to a node solar diameter glass tube.
4, both be suitable for adding the pipeline of hot water, also be fit to the pipeline of heating conduction oil; Water flows into metal tube during work, and does not directly contact with the solar energy glass pipe, and the solar energy glass pipe is pressurized not, even also can keep operate as normal, high insulating effect during a small amount of solar energy glass tracheal rupture.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of a kind of specific embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of connector shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 3 is an A-A cross-sectional view among Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the using method schematic diagram of single connector.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that a plurality of connectors form multistage heating pipe line.
The specific embodiment
The connector of Fig. 1, Fig. 2, solar energy heat collector shown in Figure 3 comprises the three-way connection of two seal covers 2, two T fonts, and seal cover 2 is adaptive with commercially available solar energy glass pipe; In each three-way connection, being provided with a master connects to chew with two side joints and chews, wherein main the connecing that be provided with of first three-way connection chewed 36, two side joints and chewed 34,35, and these two side joints are chewed 34,35 and are positioned on the same axis, and main connecing chewed 36 axis s and chewed 34,35 axis perpendicular to two side joints; And main the connecing that be provided with of second three-way connection chewed 31, two side joints and chewed 32,33, and wherein two side joints are chewed 32,33 and are positioned on the same axis, and main connecing chewed 31 axis s and chewed 32,33 axis perpendicular to two side joints; The outer capping of two seal covers 2 faces one another; The master of two three-way connections connect chew 31,36 between two seal covers 2 and both openings towards opposing, the master of two three-way connections connects and chews 31,36 be arranged in that same axis s goes up but both cut off on this axis s, and promptly the master of two three-way connections connects and chews 31,36 and directly be not communicated with on this axis s; Four side joints of two three-way connections are chewed 32,33,34,35 and are passed corresponding seal cover 2 respectively and expose inboard at corresponding seal cover 2.The three-way connection of above-mentioned two seal covers and two T fonts adopts the metal cast solid.
Shown in Figure 4, when the utility model uses, two U font metal tubes 6 about each connector can connect, wherein the left side side joint of a three-way connection of an end of left side U font metal tube 6 connection chews 35, and the other end of left side U font metal tube 6 connects the left side side joint of another three-way connection and chews 33; And the right side joint of a three-way connection of an end of the right U font metal tube 6 connection chews 32, and the other end of the right U font metal tube 6 connects the right side joint of another three-way connection and chews 34; About two U font metal tubes 6 stretch into respectively about in two solar energy glass pipe 1 tube chambers, two seal covers 2 are with the tube chamber sealing of two solar energy glass pipes 1 about can utilizing simultaneously, like this, two solar energy glass pipes 1 that each connector connects can form the unit of a single-stage heating, and the import and the outlet of each grade heating unit are located along the same line, and wherein import chews 31 for the master of first three-way connection connects; Outlet is that the master of second three-way connection connects and chew 36 (import, outlet are also passable conversely, because first three-way connection and second three-way connection are symmetrical).
Shown in Figure 5, front and back heating unit at different levels can be together in series easily, be that the back master of front connector connects and chews the 31 preceding masters that connect the back connectors and connect and chew 36, after each connector is together in series, the master of connector meets the place of chewing temperature inductor 7 is installed up front, and the master of foremost connector connect chew 36 places be provided with one the cover automatic controls, this automatic controls comprises magnetic valve 4, temperature inductor, microprocessor, the master of foremost connector connects and chews 36 and be connected to incubator 5 by magnetic valve 4, and by the switching of automatic controls control magnetic valve; And backmost after the one-level main connecing chew 31 and can be connected (also can be connected) with running water with the conduction oil that has pressure, so just can construct formation and overlap the multistage heating pipe line that automatic controls (magnetic valve) is controlled by one.
The heating unit of three grades of fronts wherein that in Fig. 5, only draws, but in actual use, needing what grade unit of serial connection be according to the decision of factors such as described latitude, season, generally can connect tens grades even up to a hundred grades of heating units.Be serially connected with 50 grades of heating units in this embodiment altogether.
When above-mentioned heating pipe line is worked, after top water (conduction oil) is heated to design temperature, temperature inductor is passed to microprocessor with signal, microprocessor instructs magnetic valve 4 is opened, water (conduction oil) flows into incubator 5 savings and gets up, under hydraulic pressure (oil pressure of the conduction oil) effect of running water, follow-up water (conduction oil) flows into series pipe, is divided into two-way after entering each grade heating unit, is combined into one the tunnel again after the heating of each grade heating unit, on and off like this, constantly pass heat, the rising temperature is until reaching design temperature, water can be heated as 100 ℃ becomes boiling water, and conduction oil can be heated to 200 ℃.The flow direction of water (conduction oil) is shown in Fig. 5 arrow.Boiling water can flow out continually.

Claims (2)

1. the connector of a solar energy heat collector, it is characterized in that comprising two with the adaptive seal cover of solar energy glass pipe, the three-way connection of two T fonts; Each three-way connection is provided with a master and connects to chew with two side joints and chew, and wherein two side joints are chewed and are positioned on the same axis, mainly connects the axis that the axis normal of chewing is chewed in two side joints; The outer capping of two seal covers faces one another; The master of two three-way connections connect chew between two seal covers and both openings towards opposing, the master of two three-way connections connects to chew and is arranged on the same axis but both cut off on this axis; Four side joints of two three-way connections are chewed and are passed corresponding seal cover respectively and expose inboard at corresponding seal cover.
2. the connector of solar energy heat collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the three-way connection cast solid of described two seal covers and two T fonts.
CN2010201523935U 2010-03-30 2010-03-30 Connector for solar heat collector Expired - Lifetime CN201637165U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201523935U CN201637165U (en) 2010-03-30 2010-03-30 Connector for solar heat collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201523935U CN201637165U (en) 2010-03-30 2010-03-30 Connector for solar heat collector

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201637165U true CN201637165U (en) 2010-11-17

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010201523935U Expired - Lifetime CN201637165U (en) 2010-03-30 2010-03-30 Connector for solar heat collector

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201637165U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101813391A (en) * 2010-03-30 2010-08-25 黄仁雄 Connecting piece of solar heat collecting device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101813391A (en) * 2010-03-30 2010-08-25 黄仁雄 Connecting piece of solar heat collecting device
CN101813391B (en) * 2010-03-30 2012-04-18 黄仁雄 Connecting piece of solar heat collecting device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20101117

Effective date of abandoning: 20120418