CN201607149U - Horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger - Google Patents

Horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201607149U
CN201607149U CN2009202624841U CN200920262484U CN201607149U CN 201607149 U CN201607149 U CN 201607149U CN 2009202624841 U CN2009202624841 U CN 2009202624841U CN 200920262484 U CN200920262484 U CN 200920262484U CN 201607149 U CN201607149 U CN 201607149U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fin
heat exchanger
tube
shell
heat exchange
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009202624841U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张加振
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DONGGUAN CARNOY ENERGY-CONSERVATION SCIENCE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
DONGGUAN CARNOY ENERGY-CONSERVATION SCIENCE Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by DONGGUAN CARNOY ENERGY-CONSERVATION SCIENCE Co Ltd filed Critical DONGGUAN CARNOY ENERGY-CONSERVATION SCIENCE Co Ltd
Priority to CN2009202624841U priority Critical patent/CN201607149U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201607149U publication Critical patent/CN201607149U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Heat-Exchange Devices With Radiators And Conduit Assemblies (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger, which comprises a tubular shell and heat exchange pipes, wherein the heat exchange pipes which penetrate through pipe plates and are arranged in rows are arranged in the inner cavity of the shell, and the heat exchange pipes are parallel to the central axis of the shell; the outer walls of the heat exchange pipes are also provided with fins, and the fin comprises a metal foil round fin, a metal foil elliptical fin or metal foil square fin; the fin can be a flat fin or a fin the surface of which is treated by heat exchange enhancement, and the metal foil round fin or the metal foil elliptical fin is sleeved on the outer wall of each heat exchange pipe; and the heat exchange pipes sleeved with the metal foil round fins or the metal foil elliptical fins are regularly distributed, the heat exchange pipes are arranged side by side in the metal foil square fin at intervals, and the fin is in a layered structure. Through the combination of a shell component and the finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger, the utility model increases heat exchange area per unit volume, reduces the volume of the heat exchanger, and reduces material consumption and economic cost.

Description

A kind of horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger that has fin.
Background technology
Finned heat exchanger is used for gas more---liquid heat exchange or gas---phase-change heat-exchange has a wide range of applications in fields such as air-conditioning, electronic device cooling, refrigeration, Aero-Space.Along with the enhancing of social enviroment protection consciousness and the puzzlement of energy scarcity pressure, the energy utilization rate of heat exchanging device has proposed more and more higher requirement.
At present, China almost the shell-and-tube heat exchanger of the large-scale central air-conditioning condenser more than 90% be light pipe (or bellows) pipe bundle heat exchanger; This heat exchanger volume is huge, heat exchange efficiency is low, weight is big, and oneself does not satisfy the development of modern technologies far away owing to above this heat exchanger of various shortcoming.Though double pipe heat exchanger, plate type heat exchanger, node pipe heat exchanger etc. in addition commonly used at present, but, the heat exchange amount of these heat exchangers is little or working pressure is low, and range of application is little, and very difficult large tracts of land is promoted the use of and replaced present pandemic light pipe (or bellows) shell-and-tube heat exchanger.
Double pipe heat exchanger: coefficient of heat transfer height, but because structural limitations, the wearing and tearing that bump easily (pipe and pipe, pipe and outer tube) thus destroy and cause scrapping of heat exchanger, this defective even be difficult to improve stop up easily simultaneously, and cleaning is difficult; Unit heat exchange area consumption of materials is big; The heat exchange area of unit volume is little.
Plate type heat exchanger: coefficient of heat transfer height, but convection cell quality requirements height, and not easy cleaning and maintenance, it is lower to can bear pressure ratio.
Shell-and-tube heat exchanger: consumption maximum, purposes be heat exchanger the most widely, and heat transfer coefficient is lower, and unit heat exchange area consumption of materials is higher.
Chinese patent CN2338712Y discloses a kind of high-efficiency fin type shell-and-tube heat exchange of heat pipe, constitute by housing and heat exchanger tube core, its heat exchanger tube core is made up of fin-type pipe and tube sheet, dozens of fin-type pipe is fixed on the tube sheet, its fin-type pipe is made up of fin and heat exchanger tube, this fin is vertical straight fins or vertical straight ripple formula fin, but the outer wall of this heat exchanger only part stud with fin, thereby cause that heat exchange area per unit volume is little, heat exchange efficiency is low and be unfavorable for being applied to condensation place (as the condenser of central air-conditioning etc.).
Summary of the invention
At the weak point that existing heat exchanger manufacturing and mode of operation in the market exist, the utility model aims to provide and a kind ofly can increase heat exchange area per unit volume, reduces heat exchanger volume, reduces the horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger of the consumption of materials of heat exchanger.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: this horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger comprises that tubular shell and housing inner chamber are established and runs through tube sheet and be the heat exchanger tube of arranging and putting; Heat exchanger tube is parallel to the center of housing along axis; The heat exchanger tube outer wall also is provided with fin, and this fin is three kinds of metal forming circle fin, metal forming elliptical fin or the square fins of metal forming; Fin can be flat fin or the fin (as ripple type, flap type etc.) that enhanced heat exchange is handled is made on the surface; Metal forming circle fin or metal forming elliptical fin are enclosed within the outer wall of every heat exchanger tube, and the heat exchanger tube that is with metal forming circle fin or metal forming elliptical fin is to arrange to be put, gapped between the adjacent fins in twos; In the square fin of metal forming at interval heat exchanger tube arranged side by side, and fin is hierarchy, leaves the gap between each layer.
The described housing outer wall of above-mentioned utility model also is equipped with air inlet pipe, needle-valve, safety valve and drain pipe; Expanded joint, solderless wrapped connection or welding between fin and the heat exchanger tube; The heat exchanger tube inwall is smooth type or female type; Fin is made with the strong metal material of heat conductivility according to different needs, and heat exchanger tube adopts the suitable metal material to make according to different needs.
It is that those skilled in the art pass through prior art and all can realize that the described surface of above-mentioned utility model does that enhanced heat exchange handles.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, by the combination of housing unit and fin-tube heat exchanger, increases heat exchange area per unit volume, reduce heat exchanger volume.
2,, reduced the consumption of materials of heat exchanger by the employing of fin-tube heat exchanger.
3, by the employing of fin-tube heat exchanger, can select more cheap material for use, the consumption of reduction or cancellation heat exchanger noble metal (as copper) etc. reduces the heat exchanger cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is that Fig. 1 is along A-A line profile;
Fig. 3 is that Fig. 1 is along A-A line profile;
Fig. 4 is the utility model shell inner fin tubular type heat exchanger structure schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
For the ease of it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
In Fig. 1,4, this horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger comprises the end socket 2 of tubular shell 1, two end cap shapes, the tube sheet 3 that cooperates with housing 1, the dividing plate 5 in the end socket 2; End socket 2, tube sheet 3 and 5 formation compartments 4 of dividing plate, wherein an end cap 2 is provided with water inlet 6 and delivery port 7; Housing 1 also is equipped with air inlet pipe 8, needle-valve 9, safety valve 10 and drain pipe 11; Be provided with at housing 1 inner chamber and run through tube sheet 3 and to be the heat exchanger tube 12 of arranging and putting, heat exchanger tube 12 is parallel to center at housing 1 along axis, and heat exchanger tube 12 is provided with backplate 13 and fin 14; Compartment 4 is formed fluid into and out of flow process with each compartment along separate routes heat exchanger tube 12 along separate routes by each, makes fluid pass in and out fluid interchange in heat exchanger tube.
In Fig. 2, heat exchanger tube 12 outer walls of the present utility model also are provided with fin 14, and fin 14 is metal forming circle fin or metal forming elliptical fin, are enclosed within the outer wall of every heat exchanger tube 12; The heat pipe 12 that is with metal forming circle fin 14 or metal forming elliptical fin 14 is to arrange to be put, 4 side by side of first rows, 5 side by side of second rows, 4 side by side of the 3rd rows, 5 side by side of the 4th rows, 4 side by side of the 5th rows establish five row's metal forming circle fin 14 or metal forming elliptical fins 14 altogether, gapped between the fin 14 in twos, also leave the gap between each layer fin 14.
In Fig. 3, fin 14 of the present utility model can also be the square fin of metal forming, in the fin 14 at interval heat exchanger tube 12 arranged side by side, and fin 14 is hierarchy, leaves the gap between each layer, 3 heat exchanger tubes 12 are arranged in the ground floor fin 14 side by side, have side by side in the second layer fin 14 to have side by side in 12, the four layers of fin 14 of 5 heat exchanger tubes in 12, the three layers of fin 14 of 4 heat exchanger tubes 4 heat exchanger tubes 12 are arranged side by side, 3 heat exchanger tubes 12 are arranged in the layer 5 fin 14 side by side, establish five row's heat exchanger tubes 12 altogether.
Expanded joint, solderless wrapped connection or welding between fin 14 described in the utility model and the heat exchanger tube 12; Heat exchanger tube 12 inwalls are smooth type or female type; Fin 14 is the strong metal of heat conductivility, and heat exchanger tube 12 is the suitable metal material.
The utility model working method is: a kind of fluid media (medium) (as water) enters from water inlet 6, and the propelling fluid medium flows in heat exchanger tube under fluid pressure, and flow process finishes the last delivery port 7 that passes through in back and flows out; One other fluid medium (as cold-producing medium R22) enters from air inlet pipe 8, flows between fin-tube heat exchanger heat exchanger tube 12 outsides and housing, is flowed out by drain pipe 11 behind condensing heat-exchange; Carry out the transmission of convection current conduction heat by heat exchanger tube 12 and fin 14 between two kinds of fluid media (medium)s.
The Nu Saier formula of perpendicular wall film condensation surface coefficient of heat transfer was when liquid film layer flowed:
h V = 0.943 [ gr ρ l 2 λ l 3 η l H l ( t s - t w ) ] 1 / 4
H wherein VBe surface coefficient of heat transfer, unit is W/ (m 2.K); H 1Be perpendicular wall height, unit is m; h VBig more, expression heat exchanger heat exchange effect is good more.
By above-mentioned formula as can be seen, when the wall height is erected in minimizing, surface coefficient of heat transfer is increased, heat exchange strengthens; Therefore adopt and disconnect the surface coefficient of heat transfer that layering fin-tube heat exchanger or circle fin-tube heat exchanger or elliptical fin tubular type heat exchanger can effectively increase heat exchanger.Have horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger performance of heat exchange tubes of common tube shell heat exchanger and the utility model and cost now and be analyzed, see the following form.
In addition, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the present utility model design, any conspicuous replacement is all within the utility model protection domain.
Performance has common tube shell heat exchanger and horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger performance of heat exchange tubes and cost to be analyzed
Figure G2009202624841D00042

Claims (7)

1. horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger, comprising that tubular shell (1) and housing (1) inner chamber are established runs through tube sheet (3) and is the heat exchanger tube (12) of arranging and putting, heat exchanger tube (12) is parallel to the center of housing (1) along axis, heat exchanger tube (12) outer wall also is provided with fin (14), it is characterized in that: described fin (14) is three kinds of metal forming circle fin, metal forming elliptical fin or the square fins of metal forming.
2. horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described fin (14) can be flat fin or the fin that enhanced heat exchange is handled is made on the surface.
3. horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described metal forming circle fin (14) or metal forming elliptical fin (14) are enclosed within on the outer wall of every heat exchanger tube (12), and the heat exchanger tube (12) that is with metal forming circle fin (14) or metal forming elliptical fin (14) is arranged in housing (1) inner chamber rule.
4. horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: heat exchanger tube (12) is arranged in the square fin of described metal forming (14) side by side, and fin (14) is a hierarchy.
5. as the arbitrary described horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger of claim 1~4, it is characterized in that: described housing (1) outer wall also is equipped with air inlet pipe (8), needle-valve (9), safety valve (10) and drain pipe (11).
6. horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: expanded joint, solderless wrapped connection or welding between described fin (14) and the heat exchanger tube (12).
7. horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that: described heat exchanger tube (12) inner wall smooth or inwall are provided with internal thread equably.
CN2009202624841U 2009-11-05 2009-11-05 Horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger Expired - Fee Related CN201607149U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202624841U CN201607149U (en) 2009-11-05 2009-11-05 Horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202624841U CN201607149U (en) 2009-11-05 2009-11-05 Horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201607149U true CN201607149U (en) 2010-10-13

Family

ID=42951856

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009202624841U Expired - Fee Related CN201607149U (en) 2009-11-05 2009-11-05 Horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201607149U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102288045A (en) * 2011-06-03 2011-12-21 冯中宇 Hot and cold exchange technical device with direct air circulation mode
CN102878728A (en) * 2012-08-30 2013-01-16 吴江市万事达环保溶剂有限公司 Supercooled condenser
CN103411447A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-27 广东申菱空调设备有限公司 Horizontal-fin shell and tube heat exchanger
CN105352346A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-02-24 张伟 Header shell pressure bearing heat exchanger
CN105910465A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-31 施婷婷 Heat exchanger

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102288045A (en) * 2011-06-03 2011-12-21 冯中宇 Hot and cold exchange technical device with direct air circulation mode
CN102878728A (en) * 2012-08-30 2013-01-16 吴江市万事达环保溶剂有限公司 Supercooled condenser
CN103411447A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-27 广东申菱空调设备有限公司 Horizontal-fin shell and tube heat exchanger
CN105352346A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-02-24 张伟 Header shell pressure bearing heat exchanger
CN105910465A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-31 施婷婷 Heat exchanger

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201607149U (en) Horizontal finned shell-and-tube heat exchanger
CN2932273Y (en) A cold and heat exchanger
CN201028900Y (en) Novel flat flowing condenser
CN203908113U (en) Microchannel heat exchanger and heat exchanging device
CN201059903Y (en) Different piece type combined pipe fin type heat exchanger
CN104034194B (en) Rectangle turns round tooth finned tube and rectangle turns round tooth finned tube heat-exchanging tube bundle
CN206399233U (en) A kind of water-cooled parallel-flow heat exchanger
CN108548326A (en) A kind of water-heater water tank and air-source water heater
CN211084569U (en) Cooling device of biomass boiler
CN209857688U (en) Novel little logical board, and possess radiator and air conditioner end equipment of this little logical board
CN201413066Y (en) Shell-and-tube helix flat tube heat exchanger
CN115930641A (en) High-temperature gas-liquid flat finned tube heat exchanger
CN201748713U (en) High-efficiency compact heat exchanger
CN204923933U (en) Evaporative condenser
CN210345837U (en) Multi-process heat exchange device and heat pump system
CN108240720A (en) A kind of metallic membrane heat exchanger
CN210463271U (en) Annular C-shaped opening micro-channel parallel flow heat exchanger
CN203011200U (en) Heat exchanger of air-cooling oil-gas cooling unit
CN203731744U (en) Stable parallel flow heat exchanger
CN209512581U (en) Gas-liquid counter current heat-exchanger rig
CN207936779U (en) A kind of dry-and wet-type condenser of anti-scaling anti-corrosive
CN106016840A (en) Air-conditioner heat exchanger with high heat exchange efficiency
CN206131844U (en) Ripple copper pipe
CN202254987U (en) Special high-efficiency heat exchanger
CN205192299U (en) Novel all -welded lamella heat exchanger

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101013

Termination date: 20121105