CN201532990U - Storage battery - Google Patents

Storage battery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201532990U
CN201532990U CN2009202313236U CN200920231323U CN201532990U CN 201532990 U CN201532990 U CN 201532990U CN 2009202313236 U CN2009202313236 U CN 2009202313236U CN 200920231323 U CN200920231323 U CN 200920231323U CN 201532990 U CN201532990 U CN 201532990U
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China
Prior art keywords
positive
negative
negative pole
plate
storage battery
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009202313236U
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Chinese (zh)
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许长权
李进兴
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Individual
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Individual
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

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Abstract

A storage battery includes a casing, electrolyte, a positive electrode plate, and a negative electrode plate; the electrolyte, the positive electrode plate and the negative electrode plate are sealed in the casing, arranged at intervals, and provided with a positive electrode and a negative electrode respectively. The storage battery is characterized in that the positive electrode and the negative electrode have different directions; binding posts for the positive electrode and the negative electrode are arranged on the casing and the positive electrode and the negative electrode are connected to the corresponding binding posts. The storage battery adopting the technical scheme has high utilization rate of raw material; since the assembly method of two-way electrode serial connection is adopted for electricity charging, upper and lower resistors are small and uniform, the energy resource is saved, and the cost is reduced.

Description

Storage battery
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of battery, specifically is a kind of storage battery.
Background technology
Storage battery is a kind of energy accumulator.Since the Prandtl invention in 1859, for the mankind have made huge contribution, technical merit constantly improves, and is various in style, constantly brings forth new ideas, and plays great function in national economic development.Storage battery is widely used in every field in China at present, is mainly used in automobile, motorcycle, electric bicycle etc.Storage battery is commonly used the chemical reaction discharge generation electric current between electrolyte and the metal polar plate.For example, the electrolyte that uses in the lead acid accumulator is the sulfuric acid solution of hydrogen ion concentration when the highest, and pole plate is that the operation principle of lead acid accumulator is with plumbous
The electrode reaction of lead accumulator discharge principle:
Negative pole: Pb+SO 4 2-+ 2e-=PbSO 4Anodal: PbO 2+ 4H ++ SO 4 2-+ 2e-=PbSO 4+ 2H 2O; Overall reaction: Pb+PbO 2+ 2H 2SO 4=2PbSO 4+ 2H 2O.
The electrode reaction of lead accumulator charging principle:
Anode: PbSO 4+ 2H 2O-2e-=PbO 2+ 4H++SO 4 2-Negative electrode: PbSO 4+ 2e-=Pb+SO 4 2-Overall reaction: 2PbSO 4+ 2H 2O=Pb+PbO 2+ 2H 2SO 4
The utilance of present accumulator material is low, reason is because the storage battery height is high more, cause raw-material utilance few more. the first half at storage battery pole plate top electrode place in charge and discharge process and the charging of electrode Lower Half are inhomogeneous, and the first half overcharges, and the top reaction is fierce during charging, dehydration is many, the latter half is to owe charging, and electricity fills deficiency, and resistance is big, put and do not go out, plate material has only 70%-80% to bring into play effect basically.Reason is to have adopted the negative pole and the anodal method that is connected in parallel on pole plate one side of pole plate in the existing design, and such charging method is unfavorable for the accumulator cell charging and discharging requirement, makes battery capacity accelerate decay, has shortened the life-span of battery.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to storage battery of the prior art in the wasting of resources and energy aspect the deficiencies in the prior art such as good good utilisation not, propose a kind of new storage battery, concrete technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of storage battery comprises shell, electrolyte and positive plate, negative plate; Electrolyte, positive plate, negative plate are in the enclosure airtight; Described positive and negative pole plate is spaced, and is respectively equipped with positive and negative electrode on the positive and negative pole plate, and the direction of positive electrode and negative electrode is opposite; Described shell is provided with the binding post of positive and negative electrode, and positive and negative electrode is received corresponding binding post.
Described positive plate, negative plate have a plurality of, are provided with dividing plate between adjacent positive and negative pole plate; Positive electrode on a plurality of positive plates is connected in parallel and constitutes the positive plate group, and the negative electrode on a plurality of negative plates is connected in parallel and constitutes the negative plate group, is respectively equipped with positive and negative pole on the positive and negative pole plate group.
Described positive and negative pole plate all is a rectangle, and positive and negative pole plate is arranged in the positive and negative pole plate group of cuboid; Positive and negative electrode becomes three-dimensional symmetry about the center of gravity of cuboid.
Described enclosure is divided into a plurality of independent sealed single lattice, establishes positive and negative pole plate group and electrolyte in each single lattice; Described positive and negative pole passes from the two ends up and down of single lattice respectively, and the positive and negative pole of each single lattice is connected in series successively, obtains relevant voltage.
The placement location of positive and negative pole plate group in adjacent single lattice becomes center symmetry (positive and negative electrode that is adjacent positive and negative pole plate group is towards opposite); The positive and negative pole plate group in the single lattice of first and last, the positive and negative pole of adjacent positive and negative pole plate connects by the conductor that confluxes successively.
The positive terminal of supposing battery is connected with positive terminal in first single lattice, and then in first single lattice, positive terminal need be connected with the positive terminal of battery, and the interior positive terminal of negative terminal and second single lattice is connected.Situation in last single lattice is corresponding with it, and negative terminal need be connected with the negative terminal of battery, and the interior negative terminal of positive terminal and penult list lattice is connected.
The negative terminal of supposing battery connects with the interior negative terminal of first single lattice and is connected, and then situation is with above-mentioned opposite.
The upper/lower terminal of shell is provided with end cap, and end cap seal passes the described positive and negative pole at the two ends up and down of single lattice; Also be provided with positive and negative binding post on the described shell, positive and negative binding post and corresponding positive and negative pole connection.
Described each single lattice all are provided with overflow valve and liquid injection hole, allow gas overflow automatically when pressure is excessive, and liquid injection hole is used for liquid make-up.
The advantage of this battery has the following aspects:
1. raw-material utilance height adopts two-way utmost point assembled in series method at the storage battery of model of the same race, can increase the capacity of 20%-30%, greatly reduces cost.
2. resistance was little and even up and down when the assembly method that adopts the two-way utmost point to connect was charged.Top and the bottom are the same during discharge.
3. adopt the storage battery of two-way utmost point assembled in series method, little and even because of discharging and recharging resistance, the little moisture loss of storage battery own, the life-span is long.
4. our purpose is an energy savings, reduces cost, and allows prolong the life of storage battery under the constant prerequisite of cost and promote, and the life-span, constant then cost descended, and the capacity life-span of storage battery improves greatly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a negative plate schematic diagram among the embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is a positive plate schematic diagram among the embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is the view behind the positive and negative pole plate location in the prior art;
Fig. 4 is the view behind the positive and negative pole plate location among the embodiment 1;
Fig. 5 is the positive and negative pole plate group of each a single lattice connection diagram;
Fig. 6 is the profile schematic diagram of assembling finished product among the embodiment 1;
Fig. 7 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 7.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the technical program is described further.
In this example, battery is the 12V lead acid accumulator, comprises shell 7, electrolyte and positive plate 4, negative plate 3; Electrolyte, positive plate 4, negative plate 3 are enclosed in the shell 7; Described positive and negative pole plate is spaced, and is respectively equipped with positive electrode 2, negative electrode 1 on the positive and negative pole plate, and the direction of positive electrode 2 and negative electrode 1 is opposite; Described shell 7 is provided with the binding post A and the B of positive and negative electrode, and positive and negative electrode is received corresponding binding post.
As Fig. 4, described positive plate 4, negative plate 3 have a plurality of, are provided with dividing plate between adjacent positive and negative pole plate; Positive electrode 2 on a plurality of positive plates 4 is connected in parallel and constitutes the positive plate group, and the negative electrode 1 on a plurality of negative plates 3 is connected in parallel and constitutes the negative plate group, is respectively equipped with positive terminal 8, negative terminal 9 on the positive and negative pole plate group.Described positive and negative pole plate all is a rectangle, and positive and negative pole plate is arranged in the positive and negative pole plate group of cuboid; Positive and negative electrode becomes three-dimensional symmetry about the center of gravity of cuboid.
As Fig. 5, described enclosure is divided into 6 independent sealed single lattice, establishes one group of positive and negative pole plate group and electrolyte in each single lattice; Described positive and negative pole passes from the two ends up and down of single lattice respectively, and the positive and negative pole of each single lattice is connected in series successively, obtains relevant voltage.The voltage that each single lattice obtains is 2V, and the series connection of 6 lattice list lattice obtains 12V.The placement location of positive and negative pole plate group in adjacent single lattice becomes the center symmetry
(positive and negative electrode that is adjacent positive and negative pole plate group is towards opposite); The positive and negative pole plate group in the single lattice of first and last, the positive and negative pole 8 of adjacent positive and negative pole plate is connected by the conductor 11 that confluxes successively with 9.
In this example, the positive terminal 8 in the positive terminal A of battery and first single lattice is connected, and then in first single lattice, positive terminal 8 need be connected with the positive terminal A of battery, and the interior positive terminal 8 of negative terminal 9 and second single lattice is connected.Situation in last single lattice is corresponding with it, and negative terminal 9 need be connected with the negative terminal B of battery, and the interior negative terminal 9 of positive terminal 8 and penult list lattice is connected.
The upper/lower terminal of shell 7 is provided with end cap 5 and 6, and end cap seal passes the described positive and negative pole at the two ends up and down of single lattice; Also be provided with positive and negative binding post A and B on the described shell, positive and negative binding post and corresponding positive and negative pole connection.
Described each single lattice all are provided with overflow valve and liquid injection hole, allow gas overflow automatically when pressure is excessive, and liquid injection hole is used for liquid make-up.

Claims (7)

1. a storage battery comprises shell, electrolyte and positive plate, negative plate; Electrolyte, positive plate, negative plate are in the enclosure airtight; Described positive and negative pole plate is spaced, and is respectively equipped with positive and negative electrode on the positive and negative pole plate, it is characterized in that the direction of positive electrode and negative electrode is opposite; Described shell is provided with the binding post of positive and negative electrode, and positive and negative electrode is received corresponding binding post.
2. storage battery according to claim 1, it is a plurality of to it is characterized in that described positive plate and negative plate have, and is provided with dividing plate between adjacent positive and negative pole plate; Positive electrode on a plurality of positive plates is connected in parallel and constitutes the positive plate group, and the negative electrode on a plurality of negative plates is connected in parallel and constitutes the negative plate group, is respectively equipped with positive and negative pole on the positive and negative pole plate group.
3. storage battery according to claim 2 is characterized in that described positive and negative pole plate all is a rectangle, and positive and negative pole plate is arranged in the positive and negative pole plate group of cuboid; Positive and negative electrode becomes three-dimensional symmetry about the center of gravity of cuboid.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described storage batterys, it is characterized in that described enclosure is divided into a plurality of independent sealed single lattice, establishes positive and negative pole plate group and electrolyte in each single lattice; Described positive and negative pole passes from the two ends up and down of single lattice respectively, and the positive and negative pole of each single lattice is connected in series successively.
5. storage battery according to claim 4 is characterized in that the placement location of the positive and negative pole plate group in adjacent single lattice becomes the center symmetry; The positive and negative pole plate group in the single lattice of first and last, the positive and negative pole of adjacent positive and negative pole plate connects by the conductor that confluxes successively.
6. storage battery according to claim 5 is characterized in that the upper/lower terminal of shell is provided with end cap, and end cap seal passes the described positive and negative pole at the two ends up and down of single lattice; Also be provided with positive and negative binding post on the described shell, positive and negative binding post and corresponding positive and negative pole connection.
7. storage battery according to claim 4 is characterized in that described each single lattice all are provided with overflow valve and liquid injection hole.
CN2009202313236U 2009-08-21 2009-08-21 Storage battery Expired - Fee Related CN201532990U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202313236U CN201532990U (en) 2009-08-21 2009-08-21 Storage battery

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202313236U CN201532990U (en) 2009-08-21 2009-08-21 Storage battery

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CN201532990U true CN201532990U (en) 2010-07-21

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108152748A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-06-12 株洲广锐电气科技有限公司 Ice storing time system and its detection method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108152748A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-06-12 株洲广锐电气科技有限公司 Ice storing time system and its detection method

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C17 Cessation of patent right
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Granted publication date: 20100721

Termination date: 20110821