CN201488255U - Electric heater with earth wire live detection function - Google Patents

Electric heater with earth wire live detection function Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201488255U
CN201488255U CN2009201929819U CN200920192981U CN201488255U CN 201488255 U CN201488255 U CN 201488255U CN 2009201929819 U CN2009201929819 U CN 2009201929819U CN 200920192981 U CN200920192981 U CN 200920192981U CN 201488255 U CN201488255 U CN 201488255U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
resistance
circuit
ground wire
links
output
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009201929819U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方献良
王�琦
茅忠群
诸永定
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Fotile Kitchen Ware Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ningbo Fotile Kitchen Ware Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningbo Fotile Kitchen Ware Co Ltd filed Critical Ningbo Fotile Kitchen Ware Co Ltd
Priority to CN2009201929819U priority Critical patent/CN201488255U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201488255U publication Critical patent/CN201488255U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

An electric heater with an earth wire live detection function comprises an inner container, a heating body and a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe which are mounted in the inner container, wherein two ends of the heating body are respectively connected with a live conductor and a zero curve of a 220V alternating current power supply, and a controllable switch achieves the connection and disconnection of a circuit which is jumped between the earth wire and the zero curve of the 220V alternating current power supply, and the earth wire live detection circuit comprises a detection circuit and an execution circuit. Compared with the prior art, the zero curve and the earth wire between the 220V alternating current power supply are connected by a big-impedance resistance and an optical coupler between the zero curve and the earth wire of the 220V alternating current power supply, when the earth wire is electrified or the live conductor and the zero curve are reversely connected, current passes through the luminous diode of the optical coupler, the optical coupler is conducted, current signals are input into the singlechip of the execution circuit through a secondary-magnified conversion circuit, acousto-optic alarm and cutting of power supply switches are simultaneously achieved through the treatment of the singlechip, and the electric heater can avoid leakage casualty in time.

Description

A kind of electric heater with ground wire electrification detection function
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of electric heater, particularly a kind of electric heater with ground wire electrification warning function.
Background technology
Electric heater has become a kind of general household electrical appliance, and in use, because the water that flows in the water heater directly contacts with human body, in case electric leakage, electric current can pass through human body by the transmission of water, causes human body because of electric leakage crisis life security.Though itself is provided with insulation protection electric heater; but when use aging or after other reasons causes insulation damages; water heater exists electric leakage dangerous equally; and concerning the electric heater that earth connection is arranged; in case electrical leakage will cause earth connection charged; whether therefore, detect ground wire charged is that at present a lot of producers are used for judging the main mode that electric heater is whether charged.
As application number is that 200510079766.4 Chinese invention patent " Earthwire charged monitoring display water heater " discloses a kind of Earthwire charged monitoring display water heater, comprise shell, inner bag, water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe, water inlet bushing pipe and water outlet bushing pipe, described water inlet bushing pipe is an insulation tube, the water inlet bushing pipe, the water inlet of water outlet bushing pipe to the length L of delivery port satisfies L>53r2 (r is a pore radius in the water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe), fix or be connected in water heater on the body of wall by pylon, the inner bag of water heater with shell and pylon insulation, is connected an indicator lamp of being contacted and being constituted by neon bulb and protection impedance by lead between inner bag and body of wall; Or satisfactory electrical conductivity is connected, the indicator lamp that neon bulb and protection impedance polyphone are constituted is connected between inner bag and the shell.Indicator lamp was bright when local tape was electric, display alarm in time, and help in time to find converse electrical leakage.
The ground wire electrification of above-mentioned patent is reported to the police and has been adopted the electroprobe principle, when two interpolar voltages of neon bulb reach certain value, two interpolars just produce aura, prompting is reported to the police thus, but this patent can only be carried out whether water heater leaked electricity and be pointed out warning, can't in time cut off the operating circuit of water heater, the cut-out action of power circuit must be carried out by the people, if in time do not see when alarm signal or neon bulb lost efficacy, then electric heater still is in the work zone electricity condition, still has serious potential safety hazard; In addition; whether charged in the above-mentioned patent because adopted neon bulb to detect electrical equipment; operation principle according to electroprobe; one end of neon bulb connects the inner bag of water heater; the other end need link to each other with the earth through inner bag; so; water heater must guarantee shell when mounted; satisfactory electrical conductivity between pylon and the body of wall connects; between inner bag and body of wall, form the detection loop with the indicator lamp that allows neon bulb and protection impedance be in series; but when actual installation, often there is certain alignment error, if will guarantee shell; satisfactory electrical conductivity between pylon and the body of wall connects; will increase mounting hardness and cost, work brings some inconvenience to actual installation.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of installation more simple and convenient and can either display alarm when ground wire electrification at above-mentioned prior art present situation, the electric heater with ground wire electrification detection function of the circuit of can in time cutting off the electricity supply again.
The utility model solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that is adopted: this has the electric heater of ground wire electrification detection function, include inner bag (1), be arranged on the calandria (2) in this inner bag (1) and be installed in water inlet pipe (3) and outlet pipe (4) in this inner bag (1), wherein, the two ends of described calandria (2) link to each other with zero line (N) with the live wire (L) of 220V AC power respectively, and realize connecting and disconnecting of the circuit between this calandria (2) and the power supply by gate-controlled switch, it is characterized in that: also include one and be connected across the ground wire (E) of described AC power and the ground wire electrified detection circuit (5) between the zero line (N), this ground wire electrified detection circuit (5) includes
One testing circuit (51) is used to detect the ground wire (E) of described electric heater power supply and the voltage of zero line (N), and sends a triggering signal under the state that has pressure reduction between described ground wire (E) and the zero line (N); And
One executive circuit (52), receive and handle the triggering signal that described testing circuit (51) sends, exist under the state of pressure reduction at described ground wire (E) and zero line (N), this executive circuit (52) output one ground wire electrification signal prompt is reported to the police, and exports simultaneously that a control signal is opened described gate-controlled switch and the circuit that cuts off between described AC power and the described calandria (2) connects.
As preferably, described signal deteching circuit (51) includes first resistance (R1), second resistance (R2), first diode (D1) and optocoupler (U), wherein, the ground wire (E) of one end of described first resistance (R1) and described AC power links to each other, the other end of this first resistance (R1) links to each other with the anode of described first diode (D1), the negative electrode of described first diode (D1) links to each other with the anode of the input light emitting diode of described optocoupler (U), the negative electrode of the input light emitting diode of this optocoupler (U) links to each other through the zero line (N) of described second resistance (R2) and described 220V AC power, the output triode emitter stage of described optocoupler (U) links to each other with dc supply (VCC), and the output triode colelctor electrode of this optocoupler (U) links to each other as the output of whole signal deteching circuit and the input of described change-over circuit (52).
As preferably, described executive circuit (52) includes the 3rd resistance (R3), the 4th resistance (R4), the 5th resistance (R5), NPN type triode (Q), single-chip microcomputer (MCU), the 6th resistance (R6) and as the light emitting diode (D2) of alarm element;
Wherein, one end one tunnel of described the 3rd resistance (R3) links to each other as the input of described this signaling conversion circuit (52) and the output of described testing circuit (51), another road is through described the 4th resistance (R4) ground connection, the other end of described the 3rd resistance (R3) links to each other with the base stage of described triode (Q), the colelctor electrode of this triode (Q) links to each other with dc supply (VCC) through described the 5th resistance (R5), the grounded emitter of this triode (Q);
Described single-chip microcomputer (MCU) includes input (in), first output (out) and second output (cont), the input of this single-chip microcomputer (in) links to each other with the colelctor electrode of described triode (Q), first output (out) of this single-chip microcomputer (MCU) links to each other through the anode of described the 6th resistance (R6) with described light emitting diode (D2), the minus earth of this light emitting diode (D2), second output (cont) of described single-chip microcomputer (MCU) is controlled the switching of described switch (K).
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present utility model is: be connected with optocoupler with big impedance resistance between the zero line of 220V AC power and ground wire, in the time of local tape electricity or live wire and zero line reversal connection, promptly there is electric current to pass through on the light emitting diode of optocoupler, the optocoupler conducting, current signal is input in the single-chip microcomputer of executive circuit through the change-over circuit of secondary amplification, sound and light alarm signal and separate power supplies switching signal are sent in processing through single-chip microcomputer, the circuit of promptly when prompting is reported to the police, can in time cutting off the electricity supply again, further improve safety in utilization, avoided the injures and deaths of leaking electricity in time; Ground of the present utility model tape line detection circuit directly is connected across between ground wire and the zero line, need not during actual installation to guarantee that the satisfactory electrical conductivity between outer cover of water heater, pylon and the body of wall connects, and makes installation more convenient simple.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the electric heater syndeton schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the concrete circuit connection diagram of ground wire electrified detection circuit shown in Figure 1.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment describes in further detail the utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, electric heater structural representation for the utility model embodiment, this electric heater includes the inner bag 1 that is positioned within the housing, be arranged on first calandria 21 in this inner bag 1, second calandria 22 and be installed in water inlet pipe 3 and outlet pipe 4 in this inner bag 1, wherein, one end of first calandria 21 connects the live wire L of 220V AC power through the first relay switch K1, the other end of this first calandria 21 connects the zero line N of AC power through the 3rd relay switch K3, one end of second calandria 22 connects the live wire L of AC power through the second relay switch K2, the other end concurrent of the other end of this second calandria 22 and first calandria 21 is connected after the 3rd relay switch K3 connects the zero line N of AC power, the first relay switch K1, the second relay switch K2 and the 3rd relay switch K3 are respectively three gate-controlled switches, be used for controlling first calandria 21 respectively, connecting and disconnecting of the circuit between second calandria 22 and the 220V AC power, and can realize the selection of electric heater different heating power;
Connecting path in K switch and 220V AC power also is provided with an earth leakage protective device 6, can cut off all relay switches and stop power supply and continue heating for calandria 2 under power supply electric leakage state, guarantees the safe in utilization of water heater.
In order further to improve the security of using, the danger of avoiding ground wire electrification or reverse leakage to cause, also cross-over connection has a ground wire electrified detection circuit 5 between the ground wire E of 220V AC power and zero line N, wherein, in the sidewall of water inlet pipe 3 and in the sidewall of outlet pipe 4, be respectively arranged with first earth connection 31 and second earth connection 41, the end of first earth connection 31 and second earth connection 41 is connected to one simultaneously to be positioned on the metalwork 7 of water inlet pipe 3 openings and outlet pipe 4 openings below, during physical cabling, draw the ground wire E input of a lead as ground wire electrified detection circuit 5 from this metalwork 7, the zero line N input of this ground wire electrified detection circuit 5 directly links to each other with the zero line of 220V AC power.
As shown in Figure 2, ground wire electrified detection circuit 5 is specially, and includes:
One testing circuit 51, this signal deteching circuit 51 is by first resistance R 1, second resistance R 2, the first diode D1 and optocoupler U form, wherein, one end of first resistance R 1 links to each other with the ground wire E of 220V AC power, the other end of this first resistance R 1 links to each other with the anode of the first diode D1, the anode of the input light emitting diode of the negative electrode of the first diode D1 and optocoupler U links to each other, the negative electrode of the input light emitting diode of this optocoupler U links to each other through the zero line N of second resistance R 2 and 220V AC power, the output triode emitter stage of optocoupler U links to each other with 5V dc supply VCC, and the output triode colelctor electrode of this optocoupler U is promptly as the output of whole signal deteching circuit; Damage optocoupler U for fear of rush of current, first resistance R 1 and second resistance R 2 all adopt big impedance resistance, so testing circuit 51 can be used to detect the ground wire E of electric heater power supply and the voltage of zero line N, and under the state that has pressure reduction between ground wire E and the zero line N, send a triggering signal;
One executive circuit 52, the triggering signal of above-mentioned testing circuit is converted to level signal and handles, exist under the state of pressure reduction at ground wire E and zero line N, executive circuit 53 outputs one ground wire electrification signal prompt is reported to the police, and export simultaneously that a control signal is opened K switch and the circuit that cuts off between 220V AC power and the calandria 2 connects, the water heater quits work, wherein, this executive circuit 52 is that Korea S's Samsung single-chip microprocessor MCU of S3F9488 is a core with the model, as the process chip of present embodiment executive circuit 52;
Particularly, this executive circuit includes the 3rd resistance R 3, the 4th resistance R 4, the 5th resistance R 5 and NPN type triode Q, wherein, one end one tunnel of the 3rd resistance R 3 links to each other as the output triode colelctor electrode of the optocoupler U in the input of this signaling conversion circuit 52 and the testing circuit 51, another Lu Jingdi four resistance R 4 ground connection, the other end of the 3rd resistance R 3 links to each other with the base stage of triode Q, the colelctor electrode of this triode Q links to each other with 5V dc supply VCC through the 5th resistance R 5, the grounded emitter of triode Q, the colelctor electrode of triode Q are promptly as the output of whole signaling conversion circuit 52;
This executive circuit also 52 includes the 6th resistance R 6 and light emitting diode D2, wherein, single-chip microprocessor MCU includes input in, the first output out and the second output cont, the input in of this single-chip microcomputer links to each other with triode Q colelctor electrode in the change-over circuit 52 as the input of whole executive circuit 53, the first output out of this single-chip microprocessor MCU links to each other through the anode of the 6th resistance R 6 and light emitting diode D2, the minus earth of light emitting diode D2, the switching of the second output cont gauge tap K of single-chip microprocessor MCU.
The operation principle of present embodiment is:
Ground wire E forms a loop through first resistance R 1, the first diode D1, optocoupler U, second resistance R 2 and zero line N, under normal circumstances, ground wire E and zero line N do not have pressure reduction, the input light emitting diode two ends pressure drop of optocoupler U is zero, optocoupler U closure, executive circuit 53 does not have any signal output at the output of single-chip microcomputer;
When ground wire E charged (or converse electrical leakage), perhaps zero line N and live wire L connect under the anti-situation, at this moment, there is certain pressure reduction between ground wire E and the zero line N, at this moment, there is pressure drop at the input light emitting diode two ends of optocoupler U, optocoupler U conducting, and send a triggering signal at the emitter stage of output triode, under the effect of the signal of this triggering signal, the NPN type triode Q conducting of change-over circuit 52, and pass through the colelctor electrode of changing by this triode and send the input in that a level signal is given single-chip microprocessor MCU, single-chip microprocessor MCU incoming level signal is also after treatment, export high level and then make light emitting diode D2 conducting at the first output out, light emitting diode D2 sends optical signal and reports to the police with the prompting ground wire electrification, and simultaneously, single-chip microprocessor MCU is exported a control signal and opened relay switch K at the second output cont, at this moment, current loop between 220V AC power and the calandria 2 is cut off, and electric heater quits work, and avoids the generation of electric leakage accident.

Claims (3)

1. electric heater with ground wire electrification detection function, include inner bag (1), be arranged on the calandria (2) in this inner bag (1) and be installed in water inlet pipe (3) and outlet pipe (4) in this inner bag (1), wherein, the two ends of described calandria (2) link to each other with zero line (N) with the live wire (L) of 220V AC power respectively, and realize connecting and disconnecting of the circuit between this calandria (2) and the power supply by gate-controlled switch, it is characterized in that: also include one and be connected across the ground wire (E) of described AC power and the ground wire electrified detection circuit (5) between the zero line (N), this ground wire electrified detection circuit (5) includes
One testing circuit (51) is used to detect the ground wire (E) of described electric heater power supply and the voltage of zero line (N), and sends a triggering signal under the state that has pressure reduction between described ground wire (E) and the zero line (N); And
One executive circuit (52), receive and handle the triggering signal that described testing circuit (51) sends, exist under the state of pressure reduction at described ground wire (E) and zero line (N), this executive circuit (52) output one ground wire electrification signal prompt is reported to the police, and exports simultaneously that a control signal is opened described gate-controlled switch and the circuit that cuts off between described AC power and the described calandria (2) connects.
2. the electric heater with ground wire electrification detection function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described signal deteching circuit (51) includes first resistance (R1), second resistance (R2), first diode (D1) and optocoupler (U), wherein, the ground wire (E) of one end of described first resistance (R1) and described 220V AC power links to each other, the other end of this first resistance (R1) links to each other with the anode of described first diode (D1), the negative electrode of described first diode (D1) links to each other with the anode of the input light emitting diode of described optocoupler (U), the negative electrode of the input light emitting diode of this optocoupler (U) links to each other through the zero line (N) of described second resistance (R2) and described AC power, the output triode emitter stage of described optocoupler (U) links to each other with dc supply (VCC), and the output triode colelctor electrode of this optocoupler (U) links to each other as the output of whole signal deteching circuit and the input of described change-over circuit (52).
3. the electric heater with ground wire electrification detection function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described executive circuit (52) includes the 3rd resistance (R3), the 4th resistance (R4), the 5th resistance (R5), NPN type triode (Q), single-chip microcomputer (MCU), the 6th resistance (R6) and as the light emitting diode (D2) of alarm element;
Wherein, one end one tunnel of described the 3rd resistance (R3) links to each other as the input of described this signaling conversion circuit (52) and the output of described testing circuit (51), another road is through described the 4th resistance (R4) ground connection, the other end of described the 3rd resistance (R3) links to each other with the base stage of described triode (Q), the colelctor electrode of this triode (Q) links to each other with dc supply (VCC) through described the 5th resistance (R5), the grounded emitter of this triode (Q);
Described single-chip microcomputer (MCU) includes input (in), first output (out) and second output (cont), the input of this single-chip microcomputer (in) links to each other with the colelctor electrode of described triode (Q), first output (out) of this single-chip microcomputer (MCU) links to each other through the anode of described the 6th resistance (R6) with described light emitting diode (D2), the minus earth of this light emitting diode (D2), second output (cont) of described single-chip microcomputer (MCU) is controlled the switching of described switch (K).
CN2009201929819U 2009-08-28 2009-08-28 Electric heater with earth wire live detection function Expired - Fee Related CN201488255U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201929819U CN201488255U (en) 2009-08-28 2009-08-28 Electric heater with earth wire live detection function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201929819U CN201488255U (en) 2009-08-28 2009-08-28 Electric heater with earth wire live detection function

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201488255U true CN201488255U (en) 2010-05-26

Family

ID=42427132

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009201929819U Expired - Fee Related CN201488255U (en) 2009-08-28 2009-08-28 Electric heater with earth wire live detection function

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201488255U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101650070B (en) * 2009-08-28 2012-05-30 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Electric water heater with ground wire electrification detection function
CN105490246A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-13 张正怡 Electric leakage protection device for AC polarity correction and control method of electric leakage protection device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101650070B (en) * 2009-08-28 2012-05-30 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Electric water heater with ground wire electrification detection function
CN105490246A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-13 张正怡 Electric leakage protection device for AC polarity correction and control method of electric leakage protection device
CN105490246B (en) * 2015-12-22 2017-12-12 佛山市顺德区凌晨电器有限公司 A kind of alternating electrical polarity correction earth leakage protective device and control method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101650070B (en) Electric water heater with ground wire electrification detection function
CN103293985A (en) Zero-power-consumption standby circuit
CN103487633A (en) Non-contact high-voltage line electroscope
CN104155505A (en) Earth wire live detection device, air conditioner and electrical equipment
CN101853558B (en) Cable burglar alarm wireless monitoring system
CN104600763B (en) Under-voltage protecting circuit and lamps and lanterns
CN201488255U (en) Electric heater with earth wire live detection function
CN206293379U (en) A kind of intelligent miniature circuit breaker
CN204203345U (en) A kind of voltage detecting circuit
CN203942269U (en) A kind of New Arc failure to trip device
CN105135691A (en) Electric water heater intelligent control system
CN101749468B (en) Communication equipment room waterproof system
CN203350348U (en) Electrification detection device for ground wire, air-conditioner and electrical equipment
CN207557400U (en) A kind of low voltage failure circuit investigates instrument
CN207994614U (en) A kind of route protection monitoring device
CN203481578U (en) Remote-control type power switching device
CN203205650U (en) Intelligent safety socket
CN202916635U (en) Stand-by pump controller
CN202939429U (en) Arc extinguishing cabinet controller
CN206321698U (en) A kind of power supply row cabinet of auto-alarming
CN101359030A (en) Earthing discrimination, monitor and alarm unit for electrical power system in substation
CN204374393U (en) Detect the warning device that instantaneous ac scurries into straight-flow system
CN104638758B (en) Real-time detection and switching circuit for power supply of remote control intelligent gas meter concentrator
CN202524054U (en) Power supply control device for household appliances and air-conditioner
CN209929827U (en) Error-proof voice alarm device for transformer substation and switching station

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100526

Termination date: 20120828

C17 Cessation of patent right