CN201467899U - Intelligent type drying system for cured meat with solar energy and air source heat pump - Google Patents

Intelligent type drying system for cured meat with solar energy and air source heat pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201467899U
CN201467899U CN2009201933903U CN200920193390U CN201467899U CN 201467899 U CN201467899 U CN 201467899U CN 2009201933903 U CN2009201933903 U CN 2009201933903U CN 200920193390 U CN200920193390 U CN 200920193390U CN 201467899 U CN201467899 U CN 201467899U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
kiln
heat pump
air
source heat
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009201933903U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘雨兵
陈慧娟
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Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion of CAS
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Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion of CAS
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Priority to CN2009201933903U priority Critical patent/CN201467899U/en
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Publication of CN201467899U publication Critical patent/CN201467899U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The utility model provides a drying system which has advantages of high energy efficiency, low investment, low operation cost, short drying time, energy saving, environmental protection and durable. The system comprises a solar energy drying kiln body, the inner of the kiln body is provided with a blower fan, a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor and the outer of the kiln body is provided with an intelligent drying control apparatus; especially, the inner of the kiln body also be provided with an air source heat pump set; a circuit part of the air source heat pump set connects with the intelligent drying control apparatus and is controlled by the intelligent drying control apparatus. The system processes drying under a lower temperature by adopting a plurality of cleaning energy for heating, the drying air with lower temperature has large moisture absorption capacity, is more similar to the air environment in the autumn, which protects effective ingredients of the material in a maximum limit, increases drying quality, and the 'guang style' cured meat keeps characteristics of color, fragment, taste and nutrition composition preferably, improves economy and market competition of the cured meat.

Description

Intelligent solar and air source heat pump cured meat and fish drying system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of integrated system that is used for the dry processing of cured meat and fish.
Background technology
Cured meat and fish manufacturing process must be carried out this step of drying.The drying means of existing cured meat and fish mainly contains following several: 1) solar energy and vapour source drying; 2) solar energy and low temperature dehumidifier drying; 3) solar energy and electrothermal tube drying; 4) vacuum and microwave drying etc.The most frequently used is solar energy and vapour source drying, though this method is effective, needs boiler, and easy care, energy consumption are not big, environmental protection is poor.Low temperature dehumidifier baking temperature is low, and it is abundant inadequately to take a breath, the acid value height.The electrothermal drying energy consumption is big.Vacuum and microwave dryer initial investment height, operating cost and maintenance cost are also high.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to propose a kind of efficiency height, investment is low, operating cost is low, drying time is short, energy-saving and environmental protection, durable drying system.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Intelligent solar and air source heat pump cured meat and fish drying system comprise solar energy drying kiln body, and the kiln body is provided with blower fan, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and intelligent apparatus for control of drying; Especially, in the kiln body, also be provided with net for air-source heat pump units; The circuit part of described net for air-source heat pump units is connected with intelligent apparatus for control of drying, is controlled by intelligent apparatus for control of drying.
In addition, also can in the kiln body, be provided as the electric heating tube of auxiliary heating.
The characteristics of described each several part are as follows:
Solar energy drying kiln body: deposit cured food product to be dried.Its double glazing top cover receives the solar thermal energy radiation raises kiln temperature, and no solar time dual-layer vacuum glass can stop effectively that heat distributes in the kiln.
Temperature sensor, humidity sensor: finish the measurement that solar energy drying kiln internal milieu temperature, humidity are changed, and rear end intelligence apparatus for control of drying is given in change.
Intelligence apparatus for control of drying: the intelligent control device that has adopted computer technology.The data acquisition that it sends front end here is come in, and according to user's setting, sends various control commands automatically, makes dry run be in optimum state.The content of control command comprises: the opportunity of shutting down after opportunity, the drying that the opportunity of the opportunity of startup net for air-source heat pump units heating, the quantity, blower fan running and the commutation that start the net for air-source heat pump units heating, hydrofuge, startup electric heating tube heat finished etc.
Blower fan: finish balance transmission, make temperature, humidity equilibrium in the kiln body to the kiln intimate heat.The preferred high-temperature axial flow fan of blower fan.
Net for air-source heat pump units: net for air-source heat pump units is the main supplying heat source of dry kiln.
Electric heating tube: auxiliary firing equipment, when the kiln temperature demand is hanged down than higher or ambient temperature, do the short time compensation and use, control the opportunity that starts or close automatically by intelligent apparatus for control of drying, reach optimum drying/energy-saving effect.
Intelligent solar and air source heat pump cured meat and fish drying system have made full use of abundant renewable and clean energy resource solar energy, the advantage of air heat source, and be aided with the heat supply of electrical heating (being mainly used in the auxiliary heating that heats up early stage) composition multiple thermal source complementary, realize cured meat and fish are carried out drying.Solar energy mainly be daytime solar radiation the kiln body is heated; Net for air-source heat pump units is by consuming a part of electric energy: on the one hand by the energy (hot-air) stored in the evaporation circulating system absorbing environmental medium with the exothermic temperature that improves the refrigerant medium and utilize, reclaim the air draft heat of drying system on the other hand, the operating efficiency of net for air-source heat pump units is improved, energy consumption reduces, and shorten drying time, reduce operating cost.
Because what this system adopted is that low temperature drying is carried out in multiple clean energy resource heat supply; the moisture absorption capacity of low temperature drying air is big; more be similar to the air ambient in autumn; protected the effective ingredient in the material to greatest extent; improved dry mass, made " Cantonese " cured meat and fish keep color and the full characteristic of nutrition tool preferably.The economy and the market competitiveness of cured meat and fish products have been improved.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is circuit side connector piece figure among the utility model embodiment.
Description of reference numerals: 1-kiln body; The 2-heat-insulation layer; 3-dual-layer vacuum glass end face; 4-first gate; 5-second gate; The 6-air inlet; The 7-exhaust outlet; 8-first dry section; 9-second dry section; The 10-first hot air circulation district; The 11-second hot air circulation district; 12-first net for air-source heat pump units; 13-second net for air-source heat pump units; The 14-high-temperature axial flow fan; The 15-electric heating tube; 16-hydrofuge air door.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model content is described further.
As shown in Figure 1, the cured meat and fish drying system comprises brick kiln body 1, is provided with heat-insulation layer 2 in the wall body of kiln body 1.The top of kiln body 1 is provided with dual-layer vacuum glass end face 3, constitutes solar energy drying kiln body.In the present embodiment, one side kiln body 1 be provided with first gate 4 and second gate 5, another side is provided with air inlet 6 and exhaust outlet 7.On air inlet 6 and the exhaust outlet 7, be respectively equipped with hydrofuge air door 16.The zone line of kiln body 1 is divided into first dry section 8 and second dry section 9; The areas at both sides of kiln body 1 is divided into the first hot air circulation district 10 and the second hot air circulation district 11.First net for air-source heat pump units 12 is arranged on the position of close air inlet 6 in the second hot air circulation district 11, corresponding first dry section 8; Second net for air-source heat pump units 13 also is arranged in the second hot air circulation district 11, near the position of exhaust outlet 7, corresponding second dry section 9.Also be provided with high-temperature axial flow fan 14 in the first hot air circulation district 10, the second hot air circulation district 11, be used to make the interior hot blast of kiln in kiln body 1, to circulate, both be beneficial to and made full use of hot blast, can make the uniform heat distribution of hot blast again.Be arranged on the blowing end of high-temperature axial flow fan 14 as the electric heating tube 15 of the usefulness of assisting heating.
Air inlet in this enforcement and exhaust outlet, not strict qualification is only decided according to the loop direction of hot blast in the kiln body.The loop direction of hot blast is counterclockwise in the present embodiment, then first net for air-source heat pump units 12 right air port be air inlet, second net for air-source heat pump units 13 right air port be exhaust outlet; If the loop direction of hot blast is clockwise, the position opposite of then above-mentioned air inlet and exhaust outlet.
Except that above equipment, also distributing in the kiln body is provided with some temperature sensors and humidity sensor.Also be provided with intelligent apparatus for control of drying simultaneously.As shown in Figure 2, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, electric heating tube, high-temperature axial flow fan, hydrofuge air door, net for air-source heat pump units all are connected to intelligent apparatus for control of drying, carry out the automation control of whole drying system by it.
The course of work of the present utility model is as follows: material to be dried is hung in first dry section 8 and second dry section 9.Sunshine sees through dual-layer vacuum glass end face 3, makes that the temperature in the kiln body 1 raises.Intelligent apparatus for control of drying is carried out relative parameters setting, so that net for air-source heat pump units, high-temperature axial flow fan 14, hydrofuge air door 16, electric heating tube 15 are controlled automatically, temperature sensor and humidity sensor are to the environmental data of intelligent apparatus for control of drying feedback kiln body inside.First net for air-source heat pump units 12 and second net for air-source heat pump units 13 will heat via the outdoor air that air inlet 6 is come in, deliver to dry section, under the effect of high-temperature axial flow fan 14, hot blast circulates between two dry sections and two hot air circulation districts and carries out air-dry to material.At the dry initial stage, the air humidity in the kiln body can be bigger, and intelligent apparatus for control of drying is according to the loop direction of hot blast in the kiln body, and the unlatching of control hydrofuge air door 16 or close makes that the dry air outside the humid air and kiln exchanges in the kiln.The function of air inlet and exhaust outlet is exchanged when axial flow blower commutates, thereby makes indoor temperature and humidity evenly distribute.Because in the process of air draft, moist hot blast can pass through net for air-source heat pump units, is absorbed its heat energy by net for air-source heat pump units, thereby can reach purpose of energy saving.It is particularly evident when kiln external environment temperature is low.Electric heating tube 15 is done the short time compensation and is used when the kiln temperature requirement is hanged down than higher or ambient temperature, the hot blast of electric heating tube 15 generations also makes hot blast evenly mobile in the hot air circulation district by high-temperature axial flow fan 14, to play the effect of compensation thermal source.After finishing whole dry run, stop drying system, take out product.
The heat that the air source heat pump technology utilizes refrigeration compressor to extract from thermal source in thermodynamic cycle process.Because the thermal efficiency of heat pump is up to 300%-600% (relevant with thermal source and heat supply temperature), promptly heat pump consumes the 1kW electric energy, and the user can obtain the above heat of 4kW, so air source heat pump system is energy-saving system.Compare with boiler (electricity, fuel) heating system, boiler heat supplying can only can be converted into heat in the fuel with the electric energy of 95%-98% or 70%-95%, electrothermal tube hot blast heat efficiency has only 50%-70% to be converted into heat, use for the user, therefore use heat pump than the electric energy of electric boiler heating saving more than 3/4, than the energy of fuel boiler saving more than 4/5; No matter be to use in operating cost or maintenance cost, heat pump can both be saved cost.The Guangzhou of located in subtropical zone, the air heat is big, and the time of heat is long, uses air source heat pump to have more superiority.
Utilize multipotency source flexible combination heat supplies such as renewable and clean energy resource solar energy, air source heat pump, it is a protection environment that cured food product is carried out drying, saves conventional energy resource, excavates, makes good use of the new technology of renewable and clean energy resource.The utility model has adopted the intelligent apparatus for control of drying of computer technology, measure accurately, the supply of control thermal source is stable, when solar energy, air source heat pump heat supply make kiln temperature still not reach the drying process fiducial temperature of intelligent apparatus for control of drying setting, the intelligence apparatus for control of drying will start the electric heating system heat supply automatically, make the energy consumption of cured food product dry run and financial cost drop to minimum.
Embodiment only is a preferred implementation of the present utility model, and all equivalent technologies conversion of making under operation principle of the present utility model and thinking all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. intelligent solar and air source heat pump cured meat and fish drying system comprise solar energy drying kiln body, and the cellar for storing things body is provided with blower fan, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and intelligent apparatus for control of drying; It is characterized in that: in the kiln body, also be provided with net for air-source heat pump units; The circuit part of described net for air-source heat pump units is connected with intelligent apparatus for control of drying, is controlled by intelligent apparatus for control of drying.
2. intelligent solar as claimed in claim 1 and air source heat pump cured meat and fish drying system is characterized in that: be provided with the electric heating tube as auxiliary heating in the kiln body.
3. intelligent solar as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and air source heat pump cured meat and fish drying system, it is characterized in that: the kiln body is provided with air inlet and exhaust outlet; The zone line of kiln body is divided into first dry section and second dry section; The areas at both sides of kiln body is divided into the first hot air circulation district and the second hot air circulation district; First net for air-source heat pump units is arranged on the position of close air inlet in the second hot air circulation district, corresponding first dry section; Second net for air-source heat pump units also is arranged in the second hot air circulation district, near the position of exhaust outlet, corresponding second dry section.
4. intelligent solar as claimed in claim 3 and air source heat pump cured meat and fish drying system is characterized in that: in the first hot air circulation district, the second hot air circulation district is provided with high-temperature axial flow fan.
5. intelligent solar as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and air source heat pump cured meat and fish drying system is characterized in that: be provided with heat-insulation layer in the wall body of kiln body.
6. intelligent solar as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and air source heat pump cured meat and fish drying system, it is characterized in that: the top of kiln body is provided with the dual-layer vacuum glass end face.
CN2009201933903U 2009-08-25 2009-08-25 Intelligent type drying system for cured meat with solar energy and air source heat pump Expired - Fee Related CN201467899U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101884425A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-11-17 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Energy-saving food drying baking room
CN104286166A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-21 宁夏塞上阳光太阳能有限公司 Solar heat pump grain drying and storage system
CN105451564A (en) * 2013-06-17 2016-03-30 W.C.布拉德利公司 High efficiency apparatus and method for cooking, heating and drying
CN105627727A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-06-01 衡山县逢缘草艺开发有限责任公司 Drying system
CN105674693A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-15 长沙市跃奇节能电气设备贸易有限公司 Double-duct drying system

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101884425A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-11-17 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Energy-saving food drying baking room
CN101884425B (en) * 2010-06-24 2012-09-05 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Energy-saving food drying baking room
CN105451564A (en) * 2013-06-17 2016-03-30 W.C.布拉德利公司 High efficiency apparatus and method for cooking, heating and drying
US9668613B2 (en) 2013-06-17 2017-06-06 W.C. Bradley Co. High efficiency apparatus and method for cooking, heating and drying
CN104286166A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-21 宁夏塞上阳光太阳能有限公司 Solar heat pump grain drying and storage system
CN105627727A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-06-01 衡山县逢缘草艺开发有限责任公司 Drying system
CN105674693A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-15 长沙市跃奇节能电气设备贸易有限公司 Double-duct drying system

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100519

Termination date: 20100825