CN201427952Y - Biomass fuel gasification device - Google Patents

Biomass fuel gasification device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201427952Y
CN201427952Y CN2009201536788U CN200920153678U CN201427952Y CN 201427952 Y CN201427952 Y CN 201427952Y CN 2009201536788 U CN2009201536788 U CN 2009201536788U CN 200920153678 U CN200920153678 U CN 200920153678U CN 201427952 Y CN201427952 Y CN 201427952Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
inlet pipe
biomass fuel
water
gasification
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009201536788U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王立臣
董立明
王研
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王研
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Publication date
Application filed by 王研 filed Critical 王研
Priority to CN2009201536788U priority Critical patent/CN201427952Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201427952Y publication Critical patent/CN201427952Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency

Abstract

The utility model discloses a biomass fuel gasification device, which is equipped with a furnace body. The upper end of the furnace body is equipped with a feeding opening and a sealing cover, the furnace body is equipped with an inner furnace wall and an outer furnace wall, a water jacket is formed between the inner furnace wall and the outer furnace wall, the upper portion of the inner furnace wall is equipped with a plurality of gas inlet pipes and a plurality of water inlet steam pipes, the upper portion inside the furnace is equipped with a balance gas inlet pipe, the middle portion of the outer wall of the furnace body is equipped with a gasification medium inlet pipe, the lower portion of the furnace body is equipped with a sealed ignition opening and an ash hole, and the inner furnace wall corresponding to the ignition opening and the ash hole is respectively equipped with an upper grate and a lower grate, namely utilizing a double-grate structure. The outer furnace wall between the two grates is equipped with a gasification gas outlet pipe, namely utilizing a bottom gas outlet structure. The outer furnace wall below the grates is equipped with a water inlet pipe of the water jacket. The water inlet pipe of the water jacket is connected with an automatic water replenishing tank outside the furnace. The biomass fuel gasification device is adaptable to biomass fuel gasification, generates biomass fuel gas, is novel in structure, high in gasification rate, low in tar content in the fuel gas, convenient in ignition and safe in fuel gas usage, can be produced continuously and is energy-saving and environment-friendly.

Description

The biomass fuel gasifying device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of vapourizing furnace that is applied in industry and civil area, specifically is a kind of the device of biomass fuel gasifying.
Background technology
Along with The development in society and economy, the whole world increases day by day to the demand of the energy.Energy scarcity, oil, coal, electricity price lattice rise on the way, and it is extremely urgent to seek substitute products.And China is as agricultural and forestry big country, the biomass fuels such as waste of farming, forestry, as enormous amount such as stalk, corn cob, straw, rice husk, forest tree castoff, wood chip, wood shavings, sawdust, edible fungi residues, cattle and sheep animal manures, need well development and use.The research and development of biomass fuel gasifying device we can say successfully and have found an effective way of rationally utilizing biomass energy that existing vapourizing furnace comes with some shortcomings: one, the gas tar oil content height of gasification generation.The existence of tar has influenced the utilization of combustion gas, and its energy generally accounts for 5% of combustion gas total energy, is difficult to burn with combustion gas when low temperature, has reduced gasification efficiency.And tar combines with impurity such as water, ash content and charcoal particles easily, obstruction gas pipe line and valve, and corroding metal influences the normal operation of system.Two, adopt the structure of giving vent to anger, can not continuous production.After once filling up material, airtight loam cake, filler once more after fuel combustion is intact.Can not continuous feeding, aerogenesis continuously.Three, ignition difficulties.In furnace roof portion charging position fire fuel, fuel is not easy to light, and influences the normal use of vapourizing furnace.Four, the combustion gas of gasification generation is upwards arranged, and is full of furnace roof portion.Poor stability.Therefore, need improve existing vapourizing furnace technology.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is in order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, to propose a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly biomass fuel gasifying device, and this apparatus structure is reasonable, adopt down give vent to anger, the two-deck oven grate structure, the vaporization rate height is easily lighted a fire, the coal-tar middle oil content of combustion gas is low, energy continuous production, gas safe.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: the biomass fuel gasifying device, be provided with body of heater, and it is characterized in that: the upper end at body of heater is provided with opening for feed, and opening for feed is provided with sealing cover; Be provided with several inlet pipe on top, furnace wall, be provided with the gasifying medium inlet pipe at the middle part of furnace wall, be provided with the seal point burner in the bottom of body of heater, the lighting-up tuyere below is provided with ash output hole, be respectively equipped with upper and lower fire grate on the internal protecting wall of lighting-up tuyere and ash output hole correspondence, promptly adopt the twin furnace grate structure; Two fire grate intermediary furnace walls are provided with the gasification burning escape pipe, the structure of giving vent to anger under promptly adopting.
The utility model progress is improved and the additional project of enforcement is:
Described body of heater is provided with internal protecting wall and outer furnace wall, forms the water jacket of a sealing between internal protecting wall and the outer furnace wall.Furnace wall below the fire grate is provided with the water inlet pipe of water jacket; The water inlet pipe of water jacket is connected with an outer automatic water supplement jar of stove.
Described internal protecting wall is provided with several water vapor steam inlet pipes.
Described body of heater internal upper part is provided with the balance inlet pipe.
The utlity model has following advantage: the structure that 1, adopts twin furnace wall, twin furnace to comb, give vent to anger down, novel and reasonable structure; 2, the gas tar oil content of gasification generation is low, the vaporization rate height, and be difficult for stopping up gas pipe line and valve, corroding metal guarantees the normal operation of system.3, energy continuous feeding can continuous production, aerogenesis continuously.4, adopt furnace side perforate sparking mode, igniting easily.5, water jacket is set, utilizes the waste heat heating water generates water vapor of vapourizing furnace, participate in gasification reaction, improve vaporization rate.6, the stove internal upper part is provided with the balance inlet pipe, plays pressure balanced effect, stops combustion gas to be risen, and combustion gas is safe in utilization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a contour structures synoptic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is an internal structure sectional view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is a three-dimensional arrangement sectional view of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further described: embodiment: referring to accompanying drawing, the biomass fuel gasifying device is provided with body of heater, is provided with opening for feed 4 in the upper end of body of heater, and opening for feed is provided with sealing cover 4.1; Be provided with several inlet pipe 3.1 on top, furnace wall, be provided with gasifying medium inlet pipe 3 at the middle part of furnace wall, be provided with seal point burner 2 in the bottom of body of heater, the lighting-up tuyere below is provided with ash output hole 8, be respectively equipped with upper and lower fire grate 5.1,5.2 on the internal protecting wall of lighting-up tuyere and ash output hole correspondence, promptly adopt the twin furnace grate structure; Two fire grate intermediary furnace walls are provided with gasification burning escape pipe 7, the structure of giving vent to anger under promptly adopting; Body of heater is provided with internal protecting wall and outer furnace wall, forms the water jacket 9 of a sealing between internal protecting wall and the outer furnace wall.Furnace wall below the fire grate is provided with the water inlet pipe 1 of water jacket; The water inlet pipe of water jacket is connected 1.1 with an outer automatic water supplement jar of stove.Internal protecting wall is provided with several water vapor steam inlet pipes 6.Described body of heater internal upper part is provided with balance inlet pipe 10.
Present embodiment is very good through trial effect, is subjected to user's favorable comment.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of biomass fuel gasifying device is provided with body of heater (5), it is characterized in that: be provided with opening for feed (4) in the upper end of body of heater, opening for feed is provided with sealing cover (4.1); Be provided with several inlet pipe (3.1) on top, furnace wall, be provided with gasifying medium inlet pipe (3) at the middle part of furnace wall, be provided with seal point burner (2) in the bottom of body of heater, the lighting-up tuyere below is provided with ash output hole (8), be respectively equipped with upper and lower fire grate (5.1,5.2) on the internal protecting wall of lighting-up tuyere and ash output hole correspondence, promptly adopt the twin furnace grate structure; Two fire grate intermediary furnace walls are provided with gasification burning escape pipe (7), the structure of giving vent to anger under promptly adopting.
2, biofuel gasification installation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described body of heater is provided with internal protecting wall and outer furnace wall, forms the water jacket (9) of a sealing between internal protecting wall and the outer furnace wall; Furnace wall below the fire grate is provided with the water inlet pipe (1) of water jacket; The water inlet pipe of water jacket is connected (1.1) with an outer automatic water supplement jar of stove.
3, biomass fuel gasifying device according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described internal protecting wall is provided with several water vapor steam inlet pipes (6).
4, according to claim 1,2, one of 3 described biomass fuel gasifying devices, it is characterized in that: described body of heater internal upper part is provided with balance inlet pipe (10).
CN2009201536788U 2009-05-08 2009-05-08 Biomass fuel gasification device Expired - Fee Related CN201427952Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201536788U CN201427952Y (en) 2009-05-08 2009-05-08 Biomass fuel gasification device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201536788U CN201427952Y (en) 2009-05-08 2009-05-08 Biomass fuel gasification device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201427952Y true CN201427952Y (en) 2010-03-24

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009201536788U Expired - Fee Related CN201427952Y (en) 2009-05-08 2009-05-08 Biomass fuel gasification device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201427952Y (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102174335A (en) * 2011-03-16 2011-09-07 济南宝华新能源技术有限公司 Preparation method for biomass gas and gasification device
CN102367389A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-03-07 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass air-water vapour gasifier
CN102367393A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-03-07 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass water-cooling air-vapor gasifier
CN110319458A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-10-11 华北理工大学 A kind of two-stage type biomass furnace
CN112680249A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-04-20 苏州允清环境能源科技有限公司 Organic solid waste pressure gasification system and method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102174335A (en) * 2011-03-16 2011-09-07 济南宝华新能源技术有限公司 Preparation method for biomass gas and gasification device
CN102367389A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-03-07 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass air-water vapour gasifier
CN102367393A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-03-07 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass water-cooling air-vapor gasifier
CN102367389B (en) * 2011-06-24 2013-08-07 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass air-water vapour gasifier
CN102367393B (en) * 2011-06-24 2013-09-04 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Biomass water-cooling air-vapor gasifier
CN110319458A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-10-11 华北理工大学 A kind of two-stage type biomass furnace
CN112680249A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-04-20 苏州允清环境能源科技有限公司 Organic solid waste pressure gasification system and method

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Beijing Kai Yang Heat Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Wang Yan

Contract record no.: 2010990000937

Denomination of utility model: Biomass fuel gasification device

Granted publication date: 20100324

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20101202

DD01 Delivery of document by public notice

Addressee: Wang Yan

Document name: Notification to Pay the Fees

DD01 Delivery of document by public notice

Addressee: Wang Yan

Document name: Notification of Termination of Patent Right

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100324

Termination date: 20150508

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model