CN201405199Y - Compound guide rail structure for digital controlled planer machine ram - Google Patents

Compound guide rail structure for digital controlled planer machine ram Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201405199Y
CN201405199Y CN2009200391758U CN200920039175U CN201405199Y CN 201405199 Y CN201405199 Y CN 201405199Y CN 2009200391758 U CN2009200391758 U CN 2009200391758U CN 200920039175 U CN200920039175 U CN 200920039175U CN 201405199 Y CN201405199 Y CN 201405199Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ram
planker
guide rail
side wall
rail structure
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009200391758U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高坤梁
唐德威
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CHANGZHOU CHANGLONG MACHINE TOOL MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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CHANGZHOU CHANGLONG MACHINE TOOL MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2009200391758U priority Critical patent/CN201405199Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201405199Y publication Critical patent/CN201405199Y/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a compound guide rail structure for a digital controlled planer machine ram, which comprises a planker and a ram arranged in a sliding groove of the planker. The planker is provided with a ram pressure plate. All the side walls of the ram are provided with guide rail blocks. A first side wall and a second side wall of the sliding groove of the planker are both providedwith guiding modules. Each guiding module is provided with a first sliding roll device in contact with the guide rail blocks. A third side wall of the sliding groove of the planker and the ram pressure plate are both provided with a lash adjusting device. The lash adjusting device is provided with a second sliding roll device in contact with the guide rail blocks. The compound guide rail structure of the utility model has the advantages of avoiding the ram drooping, bending and deforming and at the same time being beneficial for reducing the ram friction.

Description

The composite guide rail structure of numerical control gantry machine ram
Technical field
The utility model relates to several numerical control gantry lathes, is specifically related to a kind of composite guide rail structure of numerical control gantry machine ram.
Background technology
The planer type numerical control lathe of machinery manufacturing industry extensive use at present.Numerous categories such as gantry machine tool is contained and decided beam, moving beam, and move at movable workbench, gantry, overhead crossbeam moves.Side's ram is one of critical component of planer type numerical control lathe, the cutter of machine tooling is the end of the side's of being mounted in ram internal spindle just, so the dynamic property of the whole lathe of whether reasonable directly influence of this structure and the machining accuracy of part, and machining accuracy influences the important key factor of the range of application of lathe just.
The square ram of traditional form is coated on planker inside, pastes the wear-resisting polytetrafluoroethylene of one deck with ram contact-making surface (three faces) and mould thin-skinned band on planker, and the front pressing plate also pastes one deck polytetrafluoroethylene and moulds thin-skinned band.And for square ram, the cross section is generally square, the slider grinder bed grinding of square ram length direction four sides, and the surface accuracy height can be divided into according to product specification: 360mmX360mm, 420mmX420mm, 500mmX500mm waits several different sectional dimensions.During machine tool motion, ram stretches out forward from planker, because ram is a cantilever beam structures, makes bending rigidity relatively poor.Be subjected to the center of gravity variation of main shaft assembly and the influence of ram deadweight and spindle nose Tool in Cutting power, ram overhang branch produces the sag bent distortion from the root to the end, and cause the displacement error and the angular error of main shaft and cutter, and error strengthens along with the increasing of ram overhang.Whole subsides guide-soft-band face has thin oil lubricant at regular time and quantity simultaneously, and formed lubricated face oil film thickness is even more consistent than sliding guidance face became uneven, thereby causes ram to produce gap error on the direction of motion.
Above-mentioned several errors directly influence the positioning accuracy and the machining accuracy of lathe, must be eliminated or limit.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of composite guide rail structure of avoiding the numerical control gantry machine ram of ram sag bent distortion, and the utility model helps the advantage that reduces to rub simultaneously.
The technical scheme that realizes the utility model purpose is as follows:
The composite guide rail structure of numerical control gantry machine ram, comprise planker and ram in the chute of this planker is set, planker is provided with the ram pressing plate, be equipped with way block on each side wall surface of described ram, be equipped with oriented module on the first side wall face of the chute of described planker and second side wall surface, each oriented module is provided with the first sliding device that rolls that contacts with way block, be equipped with lash adjusting device on the 3rd side wall surface of the chute of planker and the ram pressing plate, this lash adjusting device is provided with the second sliding device that rolls that contacts with way block.
Adopted such scheme, each oriented module is provided with the first sliding device that rolls that contacts with way block, be equipped with lash adjusting device on the 3rd side wall surface of the chute of planker and the ram pressing plate, this lash adjusting device is provided with the second sliding device that rolls that contacts with way block.The existing soft slip that contacts with lash adjusting device on the moving surface of ram gib piece like this has again with sliding and rolls the straight-line rolling that device contacts, and forms compound guide pass under the effect of thin oil lubricant oil film.Therefore, the utlity model has following characteristics:
(1) because the first sliding device of installing that rolls contact with way block face rigidity on the ram with the second sliding device that rolls, reduces, effectively improved the ram sag bent and be out of shape, the assurance machine tool accuracy owing to the lubricating oil film strain.
(2) second sliding roll the pure laminating limit that device and lash adjusting device substituted original ram and slide, the oil film of thin oil lubricant is lower than the second sliding device contact point that rolls simultaneously, effectively avoid pure slip oil film thickness to change the trueness error that causes, so far precision is well guaranteed.
According to said structure, make to the utlity model has following advantage:
(1) sliding rolls device and lash adjusting device by being provided with, make that coefficient of friction is little between quiet ram and the planker, and be beneficial to that to reduce volume little, easy for installation, cause when running up that the frictional force change is little.Its independently at regular time and quantity lubricating system and laminating form the sliding guidance film, and reduce sliding maintenance of rolling device, be beneficial to the bulk life time that prolongs lathe.
(2) installed sliding roll device after, change the friction mode of former sliding friction for sliding and rolling and mutually combine, the power of reducing friction, thereby reduce the power attenuation of motor improves working ability.
(3) by compound guide pass, can reduce turning torque, rapid dynamic response speed, nothing is creeped, and can guarantee that machine tool capability is reliable; In the dynamic property that improves whole lathe, also will improve the machining accuracy of part.
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is that the A of Fig. 1 is to view;
In the accompanying drawing, 1 is that first cunning is rolled device, and 2 is oriented module, and 3 is lash adjusting device, and 4 is way block, and 5 is ram, and 6 is planker, and 6a is first side, and 6b is second side, and 6c is the 3rd side, and 7 is the ram pressing plate, and 8 is fixed head, and 9 is the second sliding device that rolls.
The specific embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the composite guide rail structure of numerical control gantry machine ram of the present utility model comprises planker 6 and ram 5 in the chute of this planker is set that planker is provided with ram pressing plate 7, by the chute notch sealing of this ram pressing plate with planker.Ram 5 side's of being rams are equipped with two fitting recess at each side wall surface of ram 5, and by way block 4 of super glue bonding, way block 4 adopts GCr15 to make in each fitting recess.After assembling way block 4 on the ram 5,, make way block 4 surfaces in the same plane with the side wall surface of ram 5 by on slideway grinder, ram integral body being carried out grinding.
Be equipped with oriented module 2 on the first side wall face 6a of the chute of planker 6 and the second side wall surface 6b, each oriented module is provided with the first sliding device 1 that rolls that contacts with way block 4, and this first sliding 1 device that rolls is for sliding needle bearing.Simultaneously, also paste the wear-resisting soft band of polytetrafluoroethylene of one deck by super glue on oriented module 2, first cunning is rolled device 1 and is higher than the soft zone face of polytetrafluoroethylene, and difference in height is the sliding surface lubricating oil film thickness.First sliding roll device 1, the soft band of wear-resisting polytetrafluoroethylene and oriented module 2 and fasten as one after, form the oriention benchmark face of ram 5.
Be equipped with lash adjusting device 3 on the 3rd side wall surface 6c of the chute of planker 6 and the ram pressing plate 7, lash adjusting device is the panel piece, and lash adjusting device 3 is provided with second sliding device 9, the second cunnings of rolling that contact with way block 4 and rolls device for sliding needle bearing.Lash adjusting device 3 is provided with and is used to assemble the breach that second cunning is rolled device, and second cunning is rolled device 9 and is installed on this indentation, there, and the end face of lash adjusting device is contacted with way block.The 3rd side wall surface 6c of planker 6 is provided with fixed head 8, and lash adjusting device 3 is connected on this fixed head by screw, and fixed head 8 is anchored in the groove that is provided with on planker 6 the 3rd side by screw.

Claims (6)

1. the composite guide rail structure of numerical control gantry machine ram, comprise planker and ram in the chute of this planker is set, planker is provided with the ram pressing plate, it is characterized in that: be equipped with way block on each side wall surface of described ram, be equipped with oriented module on the first side wall face of the chute of described planker and second side wall surface, each oriented module is provided with the first sliding device that rolls that contacts with way block, be equipped with lash adjusting device on the 3rd side wall surface of the chute of planker and the ram pressing plate, this lash adjusting device is provided with the second sliding device that rolls that contacts with way block.
2. the composite guide rail structure of numerical control gantry machine ram according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described first sliding rolls device and the second sliding device that rolls is and slides needle bearing.
3. the composite guide rail structure of numerical control gantry machine ram according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described lash adjusting device is provided with and is used to assemble the second sliding breach that rolls device.
4. according to the composite guide rail structure of claim 1 or 3 described numerical control gantry machine rams, it is characterized in that: described lash adjusting device is the panel piece, and this panel piece contacts with way block.
5. the composite guide rail structure of numerical control gantry machine ram according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the 3rd side wall surface of described planker is provided with fixed head.
6. the composite guide rail structure of numerical control gantry machine ram according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the surface of described way block and the side wall surface of ram are in the same plane.
CN2009200391758U 2009-05-04 2009-05-04 Compound guide rail structure for digital controlled planer machine ram Expired - Fee Related CN201405199Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200391758U CN201405199Y (en) 2009-05-04 2009-05-04 Compound guide rail structure for digital controlled planer machine ram

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200391758U CN201405199Y (en) 2009-05-04 2009-05-04 Compound guide rail structure for digital controlled planer machine ram

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CN201405199Y true CN201405199Y (en) 2010-02-17

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101817145A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-09-01 济南二机床集团有限公司 Square ram
CN101905422A (en) * 2010-08-04 2010-12-08 无锡中盈实业有限公司 Square ram structure of boring-milling machine
CN102189410A (en) * 2011-03-23 2011-09-21 西安交通大学 T-shaped hydrostatic guide rail for precision finishing machine tool
CN102275077A (en) * 2011-08-12 2011-12-14 翁强 Compound gantry milling machine
CN102528467A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-04 上海三一精机有限公司 Rolling and sliding compound guide track and manufacturing method thereof
CN103252527A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-08-21 天津市天工伟业数控机床有限公司 Numerical control planer type milling machine main shaft ram composite guide rail unit
CN105500021A (en) * 2016-01-21 2016-04-20 宁夏新瑞长城机床有限公司 Pressing plate bearing supporting device on machine tool sliding guide rail
CN109205508A (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-01-15 深圳泰山体育科技股份有限公司 Straight line lifting platform

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101817145A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-09-01 济南二机床集团有限公司 Square ram
CN101905422A (en) * 2010-08-04 2010-12-08 无锡中盈实业有限公司 Square ram structure of boring-milling machine
CN101905422B (en) * 2010-08-04 2012-06-13 无锡中盈实业有限公司 Square ram structure of boring-milling machine
CN102189410A (en) * 2011-03-23 2011-09-21 西安交通大学 T-shaped hydrostatic guide rail for precision finishing machine tool
CN102275077A (en) * 2011-08-12 2011-12-14 翁强 Compound gantry milling machine
WO2013023410A1 (en) * 2011-08-12 2013-02-21 Weng Qiang Compound gantry machine tool
CN102528467A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-04 上海三一精机有限公司 Rolling and sliding compound guide track and manufacturing method thereof
CN103252527A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-08-21 天津市天工伟业数控机床有限公司 Numerical control planer type milling machine main shaft ram composite guide rail unit
CN105500021A (en) * 2016-01-21 2016-04-20 宁夏新瑞长城机床有限公司 Pressing plate bearing supporting device on machine tool sliding guide rail
CN109205508A (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-01-15 深圳泰山体育科技股份有限公司 Straight line lifting platform

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100217

Termination date: 20120504