CN201299983Y - Multi-column energy-saving alcohol distillation device - Google Patents

Multi-column energy-saving alcohol distillation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201299983Y
CN201299983Y CNU2008202033495U CN200820203349U CN201299983Y CN 201299983 Y CN201299983 Y CN 201299983Y CN U2008202033495 U CNU2008202033495 U CN U2008202033495U CN 200820203349 U CN200820203349 U CN 200820203349U CN 201299983 Y CN201299983 Y CN 201299983Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
aldehyde
rectifying column
tower
alcohol
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008202033495U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林国宁
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CNU2008202033495U priority Critical patent/CN201299983Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201299983Y publication Critical patent/CN201299983Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/50Improvements relating to the production of bulk chemicals

Abstract

The utility model discloses a multi-column energy-saving alcohol distillation device, which comprises a crude distillation column, an aldehyde column, a rectifying column and a heat conducting oil boiler. The crude distillation column forms a circulating distillation loop with a plurality of condensers and vacuum air pumps through a pipeline, the top portion of the aldehyde column forms a circulating distillation loop with a plurality of condensers and pumps through an alcohol output pipe, a heater of the rectifying column and a heater of the aldehyde column form a loop with the heat conducting oil boiler through heat conducting input and output pipes, and a flash tank is arranged between the rectifying column and the aldehyde column. Under the environment of pressure-differential distillation, because of the repeated circulation distillations of the crude distillation column, the aldehyde column and the rectifying column, the quality and the purity of the alcohol are greatly improved. The heat conducting oil is used as a heating medium, thereby the heat conduction is speeded up, the heat supply is stable, and the energy consumption is reduced. Further, a float valve is mounted on a veneer sheet of the column, and thereby vapors can be fully given off and are not easy to be blocked by impurity. The flash tank is arranged between the rectifying column and the aldehyde column to recover vapor and the recovered vapor is supplied to the aldehyde column, thereby improving the utilization of the heat energy.

Description

The energy-conservation alcohol distillation device of multitower
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of alcohol distillation device, thereby is meant that specifically a kind of is heat medium and the energy-conservation alcohol distillation device of multitower that obtains higher alcohol purity by the distillation of the circulation between the multitower with the conduction oil.
Background technology
Traditional multitower differential pressure alcohol distillation device is a medium with the water vapour, and it exists not enough, and the water vapour heat radiation is slow, heat supply instability, coal consumption height, phenomenon such as electricity consumption is many.Thereby cause its distillation benefit low, the cost height, its water vapour boiler safety coefficient is low in addition, fouling easily in process of production, and the maintenance that stops production causes economic loss.Labour intensity is big, thereby makes the cost of Alcohol Production enterprise high.Invent a kind of energy-saving distilling tower, adopt the steam distillation instability, the difficult quality of alcohol is up to state standards owing to distill it.
The utility model content
In order to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, the purpose of this utility model be to provide a kind of alcohol is purified high, production efficiency height, the multitower energy-saving distilling tower apparatus of safe and low energy consumption.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopted is: a kind of multitower energy-saving distilling tower apparatus, include topping still, aldehyde tower, rectifying column and heat conducting oil boiler, the topping still top is connected with the aldehyde tower bottom by the alcohol efferent duct, the rectifying column top is connected with the finished product condenser, the heater of rectifying column top and topping still bottom forms the loop, it is characterized in that: described topping still is through pipeline and a plurality of condenser and vavuum pump formation circulation distillation loop; The aldehyde top of tower is by alcohol efferent duct and a plurality of condenser and pump formation circulation distillation loop; The heater of the heater of rectifying column and aldehyde tower forms the loop by conduction oil input and output pipe and heat conducting oil boiler.
Be provided with between described rectifying column and the aldehyde tower and dodge true jar, aldehyde tower bottom and rectifying column are connected to form circulation distillation loop.The effect of dodging true jar is: recovered steam uses with supply aldehyde tower.
The laminate of described topping still, aldehyde tower, rectifying column body of the tower is provided with float valve.
Described float valve is by becoming the block plate die sinking to strike out the structure of a round panel and three Z-shaped pin, three Z-shaped pin are positioned at the bottom of round panel and are equally spaced along the periphery of round panel, and each Z-shaped pin active buckle is on the laminate of topping still, aldehyde tower, rectifying column body of the tower.Steam promotes float valve and produces bob, and steam distributes from float valve pin limit under float valve hinders.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: owing to established vavuum pump in circulation distillation loop, historical facts or anecdotes has showed differential distillation, under the environment of differential distillation, and the distillation of circulation repeatedly by topping still, aldehyde tower, rectifying column, thereby the quality and the purity of alcohol have been improved greatly; With the conduction oil is heat medium, and speed and the heat supply of having accelerated heat conduction are stable, have reduced energy consumption; Be provided with between rectifying column and aldehyde tower and dodge true jar, supply with the aldehyde tower with recovered steam and use, utilize wine vapour that the topping still heater is heated, purpose is to improve the utilization rate of heat energy; Because the laminate of topping still, aldehyde tower, rectifying column body of the tower is provided with float valve, compare with more traditional float valve, reduce cost, more can help steam and fully distribute thereby can reduce the sheet material loss, be not subject to impurity again and stop up.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is a connection layout of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of float valve of the present utility model.
Among the figure: the 1-topping still; 2-aldehyde tower; The 3-rectifying column; The 4-preheater; 5,6,7,8,30,31,32,33,35-condenser; 9,10,11,18,24,29-heater; 12,20,27-alcohol basin; 17,19,25,26,14-pump (13-vavuum pump); 34-finished product storage tank; The 36-heat conducting oil boiler; 37-dodges true jar; 38-impurity jar; 39-carries hydraulic fluid port; The 40-round panel; 41-Z shape pin.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the energy-conservation alcohol distillation device of multitower comprises topping still 1, rectifying column 3, aldehyde tower 2 and heat conducting oil boiler 36, and rectifying column 3 tops of tower form loops through the heater 10,11 of pipeline and topping still bottom and alcohol basin 12, pump 14; Aldehyde tower 2 tops form loops through pipeline and condenser 30,31,32 and alcohol basin 27, pump 25, the low wine of cooling enters hold-up tank 27, hold-up tank 27 wine liquid continue distillation with the middle part of pump 25 input aldehyde towers 2 and by heater 24, and the wine liquid of generation continues distillation by pump 26 input rectifying columns 3 middle parts of aldehyde tower 2 bottoms; The heater 29 of rectifying column and the heater of aldehyde tower 24 form the loop by conduction oil input and output pipeline and heat conducting oil boiler 36; Topping still 1 top is connected with condenser 5,6,7,8 by the alcohol efferent duct, and condenser is connected with alcohol basin 20, and smart basin 20 is connected with aldehyde tower middle part by pump 19; Rectifying column 3 forms circulation distillation loop by alcohol efferent duct and condenser.Be provided with between rectifying column 3 and the aldehyde tower 2 and dodge true jar 37; The laminate of topping still, aldehyde tower, rectifying column body of the tower is provided with float valve.
As shown in Figure 2, float valve is by becoming the block plate die sinking to strike out the structure of a round panel 40 and three Z-shaped pin 41, three Z-shaped pin 41 are positioned at the bottom of round panel 40 and are equally spaced along the periphery of round panel, and each Z-shaped pin 41 active buckle is on the laminate of topping still, aldehyde tower, rectifying column body of the tower.
The course of work: enter topping still 1, preheater 4 through piping with the ferment mash, the waste liquid that topping still produces is squeezed into heater 9,18 by topping still 1 bottom effluent discharge with pump 17 and is entered topping still 1 top feeding mouth, wine vapour is discharged after the wine steam pipe enters the preheater 4 of topping still 1 and condenser 5,6,7,8 and carries out the condenser cooling in the topping still top, enters alcohol basin 20 and squeezes into aldehyde tower 2 middle part feeding mouths with pump 19 again; Useless wine liquid in the topping still is discharged by the sewer pipe that heater 18 connects, weak liquor in the topping still flows to alcohol basin 12 by heater 10,11 through pipeline, squeeze into rectifying column 3 tops with pump 14 then and continue distillation, the wine vapour of generation is discharged to topping still 1 through rectifying tower top wine steam pipe; The impurity that rectifying column produces enters impurity jar 38 by carrying hydraulic fluid port 39 through condenser 35 coolings.The alcohol that high concentration is extracted at the rectifying column top enters finished product storage tank 34 through finished product cooler 33, and alcohol purity is more than 95%, reaches national alcohol food sanitation standard.

Claims (4)

1, the energy-conservation alcohol distillation device of a kind of multitower, a kind of multitower energy-saving distilling tower apparatus, include topping still (1), aldehyde tower (2), rectifying column (3) and heat conducting oil boiler (36), topping still (1) top is connected with aldehyde tower (2) bottom by the alcohol efferent duct, rectifying column (3) top is connected with finished product condenser (33), the heater of rectifying column (3) top and topping still (1) bottom forms the loop, it is characterized in that: described topping still (1) is through pipeline and a plurality of condenser and vavuum pump (20) formation circulation distillation loop; Aldehyde tower (2) top forms circulation distillation loop by alcohol efferent duct and a plurality of condenser, pump (25); The heater of the heater of rectifying column and aldehyde tower forms the loop by conduction oil input and output pipe and heat conducting oil boiler (36).
2, the energy-conservation alcohol distillation device of multitower according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with between described rectifying column (3) and the aldehyde tower (2) and dodge true jar (37).
3, the energy-conservation alcohol distillation device of multitower according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the laminate of described topping still (1), aldehyde tower (2), rectifying column (3) body of the tower is provided with float valve.
4, the energy-conservation alcohol distillation device of multitower according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described float valve is by becoming the block plate die sinking to strike out the structure of a round panel (40) and three Z-shaped pin (41), three Z-shaped pin (41) are positioned at the bottom of round panel (40) and are equally spaced along the periphery of round panel, and each Z-shaped pin active buckle is on the laminate of topping still, aldehyde tower, rectifying column body of the tower.
CNU2008202033495U 2008-11-13 2008-11-13 Multi-column energy-saving alcohol distillation device Expired - Fee Related CN201299983Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202033495U CN201299983Y (en) 2008-11-13 2008-11-13 Multi-column energy-saving alcohol distillation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202033495U CN201299983Y (en) 2008-11-13 2008-11-13 Multi-column energy-saving alcohol distillation device

Publications (1)

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CN201299983Y true CN201299983Y (en) 2009-09-02

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CNU2008202033495U Expired - Fee Related CN201299983Y (en) 2008-11-13 2008-11-13 Multi-column energy-saving alcohol distillation device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102716596A (en) * 2012-07-06 2012-10-10 广东高科生物工程有限公司 Five-tower differential-pressure energy-saving alcohol distillation device
WO2014097311A1 (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-06-26 Praj Industries Limited Production of ethanol products

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102716596A (en) * 2012-07-06 2012-10-10 广东高科生物工程有限公司 Five-tower differential-pressure energy-saving alcohol distillation device
CN102716596B (en) * 2012-07-06 2014-08-06 广东高科生物工程有限公司 Five-tower differential-pressure energy-saving alcohol distillation device
WO2014097311A1 (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-06-26 Praj Industries Limited Production of ethanol products

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090902

Termination date: 20161113