CN201277687Y - Energy saving heat exchange apparatus for air conditioner system - Google Patents

Energy saving heat exchange apparatus for air conditioner system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201277687Y
CN201277687Y CNU2008201227169U CN200820122716U CN201277687Y CN 201277687 Y CN201277687 Y CN 201277687Y CN U2008201227169 U CNU2008201227169 U CN U2008201227169U CN 200820122716 U CN200820122716 U CN 200820122716U CN 201277687 Y CN201277687 Y CN 201277687Y
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
heat exchange
air
energy
exchange chamber
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Expired - Lifetime
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CNU2008201227169U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘安全
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AIRSYS REFRIGERATION ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY (BEIJING) Co Ltd
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AIRSYS REFRIGERATION ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY (BEIJING) Co Ltd
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Priority to CNU2008201227169U priority Critical patent/CN201277687Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an energy-saving heat-exchanger used in an air-conditioning system. The device comprises a heat insulating board, a plurality of heat transfer pipes and a communicating pipe, wherein the cavity body of the device is divided into two mutually independent cavity chambers, i.e., an outdoor heat-exchange cavity chamber and an indoor heat-exchange cavity chamber; one end of each heat transfer pipe extends into the outdoor heat-exchange cavity chamber, the other end of the heat transfer pipe extends into the indoor heat-exchange cavity chamber through the heat insulating board, and the heat transfer pipes are infused with refrigeration working medium; the communicating pipe is communicated with one end of each heat transfer pipe positioned in the outdoor heat-exchange cavity chamber and can be in an opened state and a closed state; and the refrigeration working medium is infused into the heat transfer pipes through the communicating pipe. Through the evaporation, the liquefaction and the circulation of the refrigeration working medium in the heat transfer pipes, the utility model effectively reduces the indoor temperature of the base station, ensures the indoor clean of the base station, reduces the maintenance cost and saves the energy.

Description

A kind of energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system
Technical field
The utility model relates to air-conditioning technical field, is specifically related to a kind of energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is fit to be installed in the big regional air conditioner system of heat dissipation capacities such as communication base station.
Background technology
A large amount of electronic equipments is installed in the mobile communication base station, these electronic equipment caloric values are big, and need year-round operation, in order to guarantee the operate as normal of electronic equipment, prevent high temperature ageing, prolong the service life of electronic devices and components, must be to base station processing of lowering the temperature, that is to say needs air-conditioning equipment to serve for it provides annual cooling cooling.
Polytype base station special air conditioner equipment is arranged in the market, and these equipment generally also have some power saving functions except having basic compression-type refrigerating system, mainly contain: the natural cooling and energy conserving method that adopts ethylene glycol; Or the natural cooling and energy conserving method of outdoor new wind is directly introduced in employing.These two kinds of methods respectively have its pluses and minuses, first method has the advantage that can guarantee the base station cleaning, reduce maintenance workload, but shortcoming is only just to obtain natural preferably cooling effect under lower outside air temperature, the hours worked that can carry out the nature cooling whole year is less, and this in addition method also has system complexity, the higher shortcoming of initial cost.Second method can obtain best natural cooling and energy conserving effect, yet because outdoor air directly enters the base station, and dust is easy to enter the base station, has increased the maintenance workload to the base station on the one hand, has also reduced the functional reliability of base station equipment on the other hand.Enter the base station although can take the filtration measure to reduce outdoor foreign particles such as dust; but increased the maintenance workload of air conditioner simultaneously again; for long-term unattended base station; inconvenience very; and foreign particles such as outdoor dust can cause the obstruction of filter; thereby reduce the introducing amount of outdoor air, reduce the effect of nature cooling and energy conserving.
The air-conditioning unit that existing heat pipe air-conditioning equipment has employing to make around the chip heat pipe.As: application number is the heat-exchanger rig in the disclosed air conditioner of ZL200520134337.8, and the heat exchanger volume that this air-conditioning conducts heat is bigger, complex manufacturing technology, heat-transfer effect is bad; Another kind is the monoblock type heat exchanger that adopts heat-transfer pipe and aluminium foil to make, and has increased collector tube and discharge, though average temperature performance is good, volume is still bigger, is heat-exchanger rig in the 200720036155.6 disclosed air-conditioning equipments as application number; Also having a kind of also is the monoblock type heat exchanger that has adopted heat-transfer pipe and aluminium foil to make, the two ends of every heat-transfer pipe have all become to seal, its kind end closure band liquid injection pipe, processing is got up cumbersome, the refrigeration working medium of finding time and annotate of post-production need be to each root heat-transfer pipe repetitive operation, because each root heat-transfer pipe all is independently, the uniform temperature of heat pipe integral body that is not communicated with mutually this structure is poor, heat-transfer effect is bad, is that heat-exchanger rig in the 200710122900.3 disclosed air-conditionings just exists this problem as application number.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system, strengthen the uniform temperature and the heat-transfer effect of heat-transfer pipe, reduce the heat-transfer pipe processing cost, effectively reduce the communication base station indoor temperature simultaneously, guaranteed the base station indoor cleaning, energy savings.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system, this device comprises:
Thermal insulation board is divided into two chambers independent of each other up and down with the cavity of this device, is respectively outdoor heat exchange chamber and indoor heat exchange chamber;
Some heat-transfer pipes, every heat-transfer pipe one end stretches into described outdoor heat exchange chamber, and the other end stretches into described indoor heat exchange chamber by thermal insulation board, is marked with refrigeration working medium in the described heat-transfer pipe;
Communicating pipe is communicated with an end of the every heat-transfer pipe that is positioned at the outdoor heat exchange chamber, and the end of described communicating pipe is provided with opens shutoff device.
Wherein, described every heat-transfer pipe is a U type pipe, and the outdoor heat exchange chamber is stretched at the two ends of described U type pipe, and described communicating pipe is a U type pipe.
Wherein, this device also comprises the outdoor heat exchange fin, and described outdoor heat exchange fin is sleeved on the heat-transfer pipe that is positioned at described outdoor heat exchange chamber.
Wherein, this device also comprises indoor heat exchange fin, and described indoor heat exchange fin is sleeved on and is positioned on the indoor heat-transfer pipe of described indoor heat exchanging chamber.
Wherein, described outdoor heat exchange chamber and/or indoor heat exchange chamber are equipped with blower fan.
Wherein, described blower fan is axial flow blower or centrifugal blower.
Wherein, the blower fan that is installed in outdoor heat exchange chamber place is an axial fan.
Wherein, the cross section of described communicating pipe is circular, and the diameter of communicating pipe is 3~4.5mm.
Wherein, the cross section of described communicating pipe is circular, and the size of described circle is φ 3.2 * 0.75mm, and wherein 3.2mm is the size of communicating pipe external diameter, and 0.75mm is the wall thickness of communicating pipe.
Wherein, the refrigeration working medium that is injected in the described heat-transfer pipe is a F-22.
The energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system that utilizes the utility model to provide, it is big when indoor that air-conditioning is installed in heat radiation such as communication base station, has following beneficial effect:
1) adopt dividing plate and the heat-transfer pipe heat exchanger of communicating pipe, heat transfer area is accomplished maximum under equal volume, has strengthened the uniform temperature and the heat-transfer effect of heat-transfer pipe;
2) by adopting the evaporation liquefaction cycle of refrigeration working medium in air-conditioning equipment, thereby reduce the indoor temperature of communication base station effectively, and guaranteed the indoor cleaning in base station, reduced maintenance cost, energy savings;
3) the heat exchange of heat pipe structural volume is little, has reduced the heat-transfer pipe processing cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is this novel energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig structural representation that is used for air-conditioning system;
Fig. 2 is the refrigeration working medium flow graph in the heat-transfer pipe in this energy-saving heat exchange device;
Fig. 3 is the installation of air conditioners schematic diagram with this energy-saving heat exchange device;
Fig. 4 is heat-transfer pipe and the connection layout of communicating pipe in this new embodiment.
Among the figure: 1, thermal insulation board; 2, heat-transfer pipe; 3, communicating pipe; 4, outdoor heat exchange chamber; 5, indoor heat exchange chamber; 6, outdoor heat exchange fin; 7, indoor heat exchange fin; 8, blower fan; 9, cabinet shell; 10, mounting flange; 11, mounting plane.
The specific embodiment
The energy-saving heat-exchange equipment that is used for air-conditioning system that the utility model proposes is described as follows in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, this novel energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system that provides mainly comprises: thermal insulation board 1, the cavity of this heat-exchanger rig in the air-conditioning is divided into two chambers independent of each other up and down, be respectively outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 and indoor heat exchange chamber 5, thermal insulation board 1 is represented outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 with top among the figure, be located at the exterior space during installation, thermal insulation board 1 is represented indoor heat exchange chamber 5 with the lower part, be located at the interior space during installation, as shown in Figure 3, the cabinet shell 9 of air-conditioning is pressed close to the metope of both sides, and fixes with the mounting plane of the level of both sides by the mounting flange 10 of both sides; Some heat-transfer pipes 2, every heat-transfer pipe 2 one ends stretch into outdoor heat exchange chamber 4, the other end stretches into indoor heat exchange chamber 5 by thermal insulation board 1, be injected into refrigeration working medium in the heat-transfer pipe 2, like this, each root heat-transfer pipe 2 couples together outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 and indoor heat exchange chamber 5, and refrigeration working medium just can circulate for 2 li at each root heat-transfer pipe, and loop direction is as shown in Figure 2 under the gravity effect for refrigeration working medium; Communicating pipe 3 is communicated with an end of the every heat-transfer pipe 2 that is positioned at outdoor heat exchange chamber 4, and the end of communicating pipe 3 is provided with opens shutoff device, can be in the opening and closing two states; After air-conditioning equipment installs, by communicating pipe 3 pairs of heat-transfer pipes 2 vacuumize, other medium in the heat-transfer pipe 2 is drained only, then by communicating pipe 3 pairs of heat-transfer pipes, the 2 interior liquid refrigeration working medium that fill, guarantee to have only in the heat-transfer pipe 2 a kind of medium of refrigeration working medium, as adopt refrigeration working medium F-22 (R22), and closed after communicating pipes 3, inlet added refrigeration working medium, make heat-transfer pipe 2 be in closed state.
Heat-transfer pipe 2 employing U type pipes in the present embodiment in the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 4, communicating pipe 3 is to be connected together by several less U type pipes of outside and heat-transfer pipe 2 to constitute, and heat-transfer pipe 2 is connected together by communicating pipe 3 in the outside.
In the present embodiment, be set with outdoor heat exchange fin 6 on the heat-transfer pipe 2 in outdoor heat exchange chamber 5, on the heat-transfer pipe 2 of indoor heat exchange chamber 4, be set with indoor heat exchange fin 7, because each heat-transfer pipe 2 stretches in outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 and the indoor heat exchange chamber 5 simultaneously, make indoor heat exchange chamber 5 and outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 shared each root heat-transfer pipe 2, the cold working medium of work schedule is carried out closed circulation up and down in every heat-transfer pipe 2, make every heat-transfer pipe 2 respectively as fluid collection tube and gas collecting pipe.
The next door of outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 and/or indoor heat exchange chamber 5 is equipped with blower fan 8, and the blower fan of being installed 8 is axial flow blower or centrifugal blower.Blower fan 8 is installed at indoor heat exchange chamber 4 places, is used for accelerating the circulation rate of indoor (as the base station) interior air, thereby accelerates the process of refrigerastion of indoor temperature and the heat transfer efficiency of raising heat exchanger; Simultaneously, because after blower fan 8 is installed, has quickened process of refrigerastion, improved the heat transfer efficiency of heat exchanger, so can dwindle the complete machine size of air-conditioning equipment, this is very important for the narrow and small relatively communication base station in space.In addition, for outdoor heat exchange chamber 4, for dwindling the volume of complete machine, reach better heat-transfer effect, the blower fan 8 of forcing heat transfer also can be installed, this blower fan 8 is generally selected axial fan for use.
Adopted the design of minor diameter communicating pipe in the present embodiment, can adopt the cross section is circular communicating pipe, and the general diameter range that adopts is 3~4.5mm, it is little that the diameter of communicating pipe 3 designs, make air-conditioning heat exchanger tube coil pipe diminish, improve the unit are heat output, the space is saved in the machine integral installation.
The above-mentioned energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is provided in the present embodiment adopts indoor heat exchange chamber 5 and outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 to be integral type, separate by heat-insulating shield 1 in the middle of the two, be installed in the air-conditioning system, be fit to air-conditioning is installed in big indoor of communication base station or other heat dissipation capacity.
Communication base station is generally a confined space for consideration such as dustproof, rainproof, antitheft, and draught capacity is very poor in other words, in addition because a large amount of electronic devices and components work heat radiation, so if communication base station does not adopt the refrigeration measure, temperature often is higher than outside air temperature far away in it.Therefore present embodiment adopts refrigeration working medium circularly cooling in heat-transfer pipe 2 according to these characteristics of base station.With reference to figure 2, the arrow that makes progress among Fig. 2 is represented vaporized gas, downward arrow is represented the liquid of condensation, when indoor hot gas under the effect of blower fan 8, hot-air is during by indoor heat exchange chamber 5, simultaneously carry out heat exchange with the liquid refrigerating working medium that is positioned at indoor heat exchange chamber 5 heat-transfer pipes 2, liquid refrigerating working medium is evaporated to gas refrigeration working medium after absorbing heat, and enter into heat-transfer pipe 2 in the outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 from bottom to top, carry out exchange heat by outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 and outdoor cold air, release heat, liquefaction is liquid, liquid refrigerating working medium be easy to from top to down pass through outdoor heat exchange chamber 4, because the installation site of outdoor heat exchange chamber 4 is than the installation site height of indoor heat exchange chamber 5, under the effect of gravity, liquid refrigerating working medium flows to the heat-transfer pipe 2 that is positioned at indoor heat exchange chamber 5 by the heat-transfer pipe 2 that is positioned at outdoor heat exchange chamber 4, thereby circulates.By the process that refrigeration working medium circulates in heat-transfer pipe 2, therefore the hot-air in the communication base station has reached the purpose to the communication base station cooling owing to the heat absorption of refrigeration working medium is lowered the temperature.
As can be seen from the above embodiments, evaporation and the condensation of present embodiment by refrigeration working medium is delivered to the heat in the communication base station outdoor, reaches the purpose of communication base station room temperature lowering.Because present embodiment is to utilize the cooling that circulates of the natural quality of refrigeration working medium, except that blower fan 8, do not need other energy, so have energy-conservation characteristics, in addition, have cooling and be not subjected to the restriction of time, guaranteed to communication base station for a long time, cooling efficiently, and keep the indoor cleaning in base station.
Above embodiment only is used to illustrate the utility model; and be not to restriction of the present utility model; the those of ordinary skill in relevant technologies field; under the situation that does not break away from spirit and scope of the present utility model; can also make various variations and modification; therefore all technical schemes that are equal to also belong to category of the present utility model, and scope of patent protection of the present utility model should be defined by the claims.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system is characterized in that this device comprises:
Thermal insulation board is divided into two chambers independent of each other up and down with the cavity of this device, is respectively outdoor heat exchange chamber and indoor heat exchange chamber;
Some heat-transfer pipes, every heat-transfer pipe one end stretches into described outdoor heat exchange chamber, and the other end stretches into described indoor heat exchange chamber by thermal insulation board, is marked with refrigeration working medium in the described heat-transfer pipe;
Communicating pipe is communicated with an end of the every heat-transfer pipe that is positioned at the outdoor heat exchange chamber, and the end of described communicating pipe is provided with opens shutoff device.
2, the energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described every heat-transfer pipe is a U type pipe, and the outdoor heat exchange chamber is stretched at the two ends of described U type pipe, and described communicating pipe is a U type pipe.
3, the energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that this device also comprises the outdoor heat exchange fin, and described outdoor heat exchange fin is sleeved on the heat-transfer pipe that is positioned at described outdoor heat exchange chamber.
4, the energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that this device also comprises indoor heat exchange fin, and described indoor heat exchange fin is sleeved on and is positioned on the indoor heat-transfer pipe of described indoor heat exchanging chamber.
5, the energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described outdoor heat exchange chamber and/or indoor heat exchange chamber are equipped with blower fan.
6, the energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, described blower fan is axial flow blower or centrifugal blower.
7, the energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, the blower fan that is installed in outdoor heat exchange chamber place is an axial fan.
8, the energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the cross section of described communicating pipe is circular, and the diameter of described communicating pipe is 3~4.5mm.
9, the energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that the cross section of described communicating pipe is circular, the size of described circle is φ 3.2 * 0.75mm, wherein 3.2mm is the size of communicating pipe external diameter, and 0.75mm is the wall thickness of communicating pipe.
10, the energy-conservation heat-exchanger rig that is used for air-conditioning system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the refrigeration working medium that is injected in the described heat-transfer pipe is a F-22.
CNU2008201227169U 2008-09-24 2008-09-24 Energy saving heat exchange apparatus for air conditioner system Expired - Lifetime CN201277687Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201227169U CN201277687Y (en) 2008-09-24 2008-09-24 Energy saving heat exchange apparatus for air conditioner system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201227169U CN201277687Y (en) 2008-09-24 2008-09-24 Energy saving heat exchange apparatus for air conditioner system

Publications (1)

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CN201277687Y true CN201277687Y (en) 2009-07-22

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102705929A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-10-03 李彬 Energy-saving air conditioner with heat pipes for base station
TWI458924B (en) * 2011-12-08 2014-11-01 Chunghwa Telecom Co Ltd Energy Saving Device and Method of Air Cooling in Room
CN105651096A (en) * 2014-08-19 2016-06-08 建准电机工业股份有限公司 Heat exchange pipe

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI458924B (en) * 2011-12-08 2014-11-01 Chunghwa Telecom Co Ltd Energy Saving Device and Method of Air Cooling in Room
CN102705929A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-10-03 李彬 Energy-saving air conditioner with heat pipes for base station
CN105651096A (en) * 2014-08-19 2016-06-08 建准电机工业股份有限公司 Heat exchange pipe

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Granted publication date: 20090722