CN201274399Y - DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function - Google Patents

DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201274399Y
CN201274399Y CNU2008201636936U CN200820163693U CN201274399Y CN 201274399 Y CN201274399 Y CN 201274399Y CN U2008201636936 U CNU2008201636936 U CN U2008201636936U CN 200820163693 U CN200820163693 U CN 200820163693U CN 201274399 Y CN201274399 Y CN 201274399Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
phase
current
voltage
silicon
anode
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CNU2008201636936U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁一桥
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浙江谐平科技股份有限公司
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Priority to CNU2008201636936U priority Critical patent/CN201274399Y/en
Priority to CN2008101203722A priority patent/CN101350510B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B70/00Technologies for an efficient end-user side electric power management and consumption
    • Y02B70/10Technologies improving the efficiency by using switched-mode power supplies [SMPS], i.e. efficient power electronics conversion e.g. power factor correction or reduction of losses in power supplies or efficient standby modes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E40/00Technologies for an efficient electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y02E40/30Reactive power compensation

Abstract

The utility model relates to a direct-current high-current ice-melting device with a static reactive power compensation function, which belongs to the technical field of the matching equipment of a high-low voltage distribution system. The ice-melting device has the following characteristics: the primary side of a three-winding rectifier transformer is connected with three-phase buses in parallel; the two secondary sides of the three-winding rectifier transformer are respectively connected with the middle points of an anodal three-phase high-voltage high-current thyristor valve and a cathodal three-phase high-voltage high-current thyristor valve; the anode and cathode of the anodal three-phase high-voltage high-current thyristor valve are connected with the anode and cathode of the cathodal three-phase high-voltage high-current thyristor valve, so that a twelve-pulse rectifier is formed; the anode of the anodal three-phase high-voltage high-current thyristor valve is connected with a direct current reactor in series, so that a positive terminal is formed; the cathode of the cathodal three-phase high-voltage high-current thyristor valve becomes a negative terminal; and a short connecting wire is connected between the positive and the negative terminals. Integrating the direct-current high-current ice-melting technology with the static reactive power compensation technology, the utility model can be used as a static reactive power compensation device as well as the current-controllable direct-current high-current ice-melting device, thus notably reducing the matching cost of the high-low voltage distribution system and effectively improving the utilization rate of equipment.

Description

DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function
Technical field
The utility model belongs to high-low pressure power supply-distribution system corollary equipment technical field, is specifically related to a kind of DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function.
Background technology
Because of transmission line freezes and accumulated snow causes the high voltage transmission line broken string and falls tower, the accident of bar of falling and happens occasionally, ultra-high-tension power transmission line broken string and the accident of falling the tower have had a strong impact on the safe operation of electrical network, cause large area blackout.In order to prevent the generation of this class accident, must be in time with on the lead freeze and accumulated snow melt, that mainly takes at present has machinery (vibration) formula, electrothermal two big class de-icing methods.The ice-melt of machinery (vibration) formula, promptly adopt the method for vibration lead that ice and snow is come off, its characteristics are simple operations, need not to waste electric energy, but its shortcoming is to be undertaken by shelves, speed is slow, and ground freeze and the accumulated snow serious situation under, often can not arrive the transmission line on the high mountain and can't operate because of traffic problems.The electrothermal ice melting technology, promptly utilize the big electric current that the line end short circuit is produced wire-heated to be reached the purpose of ice-melt, compare with machinery (vibration) formula de-icing method, the advantage of electrothermal ice melting technology is that ice-melt speed is very fast, be not subjected to icy on road and influence accumulated snow, but need expend certain electric energy corollary apparatus relevant with needing configuration.Generally adopt the electrothermal ice melting technology that AC great current de-icing technology and DC great current deicing technology are arranged now, comparatively speaking, the advantage of AC great current de-icing technology is that all there is the AC power of different electric pressures in each electric substation, therefore the power supply ratio is easier to obtain, its shortcoming is under identical ice melting current, need higher supply voltage, because the interchange induction reactance of general transmission line is more much bigger than its resistance, thereby ice-melt needs very big power supply capacity and very big reactive power, bigger during ice-melt to system shock, may cause the system voltage stability problem; Another shortcoming is because the voltage of its AC power is non-adjustable, so ice melting current cannot be controlled.The advantage of DC great current deicing technology is under identical ice melting current, only needs lower supply voltage, because the direct current induction reactance of transmission line is zero, so very little to system shock during ice-melt; Its shortcoming is to need to be equipped with in addition rectification and filter, because the phenomenon that circuit seriously freezes is uncommon, makes that the utilance of these rectifications and filter is lower.And static reactive power compensation device (SVC) can reduce harmonic content, reduction line loss, raising system voltage quality and voltage stability in the electrical network, increases the transmittability of transmission line, has obtained application to a certain degree in electric power system.If the DC great current deicing technology can be attached in the static reactive power compensation device, to improve utilization rate of equipment and installations effectively, also can solve the problem that the need that exist in the existing DC great current deicing technology are equipped with rectification and filter in addition, but the corresponding device thereof Application and Development is not arranged as yet at present, and traditional static reactive power compensator employing thyristor controlled reactor and the fixing passive filter structure that drops into, also be difficult to realize conversion and control.
The utility model content
The utility model aims to provide a kind of DC great current deicing apparatus technical scheme with static state reactive compensation function, with effective solution transmission line ice-melt problem and improve utilization rate of equipment and installations, overcomes existing problems of the prior art.
Described DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function, it is characterized in that the former limit of three winding rectifier transformers is connected on the three-phase bus, two secondary respectively with the big controlled current silicon of anode three-phase high-voltage valve, the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve intermediate point connects, the positive pole of the negative pole of the big controlled current silicon of anode three-phase high-voltage valve and the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve connects and composes one 12 impulse commutation device, get positive terminals behind the anodal serial connection of the big controlled current silicon of the anode three-phase high-voltage valve direct current reactor, the negative pole of the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve forms negative terminals, positive terminals, connect between the negative terminals shorting stub is set.
Described DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function is characterized in that the controllable silicon that is connected in series between the intermediate point of the big controlled current silicon of described anode three-phase high-voltage valve, the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve and positive pole, the negative pole is identical.
Described DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function is characterized in that described three winding rectifier transformers, two secondary adopt star, delta connection mode respectively, and it is identical that the line voltage-phase of output differs 30 ° and amplitude.
Described DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function is characterized in that on the described three-phase bus and connects the three-phase alternating current filter is set.
The utility model is with the DC great current deicing technology and the static reactive power compensation technology is organic combines together, novel, rational in infrastructure, by being used of selection that circuit is connected and controller, making it both can be used as the static reactive power compensation device uses, improve system voltage quality and voltage stability, increase the transmittability of transmission line, the DC great current deicing apparatus that can be used as controlled current under the situation that circuit freezes uses, directly transmission line is carried out ice-melt, realized the multifunction of same device, different demands according to the electricity consumption scene realize corresponding function, obviously reduced the supporting cost of high-low pressure power supply-distribution system device, effectively improve utilization rate of equipment and installations, and handover operation is simple, can realizes the continuous adjusting that perception is idle.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an electrical block diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the electrical block diagram of the utility model when moving as DC great current deicing apparatus;
Fig. 3 is the electrical block diagram of the utility model when moving as the static reactive power compensation device;
Fig. 4 is the utility model as the current waveform figure by direct current reactor among the emulation embodiment of static reactive power compensation device operation;
Fig. 5 is input to the current waveform figure of three-phase bus as three-phase system phase voltage waveform figure and static reactive power compensation device among the emulation embodiment of static reactive power compensation device operation for the utility model;
Fig. 6 is that the utility model is as three-phase system phase voltage waveform figure and three winding rectifier transformer primary current oscillograms among the emulation embodiment of static reactive power compensation device operation.
Among the figure: 1-controller, 2-three winding rectifier transformers, 3-three-phase alternating current filter, 4-direct current reactor, the big controlled current silicon of 5-anode three-phase high-voltage valve, the big controlled current silicon of 6-negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve, 7-positive terminals, 8-shorting stub, 9-negative terminals, 10-three-phase bus.
Curve A: by the current waveform of direct current reactor 4;
Curve B: three-phase system phase voltage waveform;
Curve C: the static reactive power compensation device is input to the current waveform of three-phase bus;
Curve D: three winding rectifier transformer primary current waveforms.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with Figure of description:
Be illustrated in figure 1 as DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function, three winding rectifier transformers, 2 former limits are connected on the three-phase bus, two secondary adopt star, delta connection mode respectively, it is identical that the line voltage-phase of output differs 30 ° and amplitude, and two secondary are connected with the big controlled current silicon of anode three-phase high-voltage valve 5, the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve 6 intermediate points respectively.The main body of every phase is a string thyristor valve in the big controlled current silicon of anode three-phase high-voltage valve 5, the big controlled current silicon of the negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve 6, every phase thyristor valve externally has three electrical terminals, be respectively positive pole, negative pole, intermediate point, intermediate point is AC side, the controllable silicon that is connected in series between intermediate point and positive pole, the negative pole is identical, comprise that controllable silicon model, the quantity of being connected are all identical, its rated voltage and quantity are by the secondary voltage decision of three winding rectifier transformers 2.The positive pole of the negative pole of the big controlled current silicon of anode three-phase high-voltage valve 5 and the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve 6 connects and composes one 12 impulse commutation device, get positive terminals 7 behind the big controlled current silicon of the anode three-phase high-voltage valve 5 anodal serial connection direct current reactors 4, the negative pole of the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve 6 forms negative terminals 9, connect between positive terminals 7, the negative terminals 9 shorting stub 8 is set, shorting stub 8 also can be adopted modes such as plug-in strip, by controller 1 its connection of control or disconnection.The gate pole of the big controlled current silicon of anode three-phase high-voltage valve 5, the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve 6 links to each other with the triggering signal end of controller 1 respectively, by controller 1 its operation of control, controller 6 is selected to switch by the connection state of control shorting stub 8 simultaneously, and the controller as DC great current deicing apparatus, static reactive power compensation device uses respectively.On the three-phase bus and connect and three-phase alternating current filter 3 is set is used for the harmonic current that filtering 12 impulse commutation devices produce.
In the foregoing description:
When shorting stub 8 disconnected, this device used as DC great current deicing apparatus, as shown in Figure 2.In use, to treat any two-phase short circuit in the terminal three-phase line of DC ice-melting earlier, mounting points place at great current deicing apparatus, receive positive terminals 7, negative terminals 9 in the circuit respectively, by adjusting the trigger angle of thyristor valve, obtain the needed electric current of ice-melt, the energising back is owing to electric current in the circuit is very big, and circuit generates heat and carries out ice-melt.
When shorting stub 8 short circuits, this device uses as the static reactive power compensation device, as shown in Figure 3.This static reactive power compensation apparatus system is made up of one 12 pulse controllable rectifying device and several groups of L-C mode filters, under the control of controller 1,12 impulse commutation devices can become an adjustable perceptual reactive source, and three-phase alternating current filter 3 still is a fixing capacitive reactive power source in the filtering harmonic wave.Controller 1 can come control flows to cross the electric current I of direct current reactor 4 by control silicon controlled trigger angle α dThereby, reach and adjust the idle purpose of 12 impulse commutation devices output perception.
Suppose: V DcBe direct current reactor 4 both end voltage; V is that 12 impulse commutation device AC side are the line voltage of intermediate point, and formula: V is then arranged Dc=1.35VCos α.
Can draw as drawing a conclusion by above-mentioned formula:
When 12 impulse commutation devices work in stable state, direct current reactor 4 both end voltage V DcMean value be 0, trigger angle α approaches 90 °.
When 12 impulse commutation devices need increase I dThe time, controller 1 can reduce trigger angle α, makes V Dc0, thereby make I dProgressively rise.
When 12 impulse commutation devices need reduce I dThe time, controller 1 can increase trigger angle α, makes V Dc<0, thus make I dProgressively reduce.
Because the idle Q=1.35Vsin α I of 12 impulse commutation device AC side d, approach this idle Q=1.35VI under 90 ° the situation at trigger angle α dThis just makes controller 1 control the idle possibility that becomes of 12 impulse commutation device AC side by control trigger angle α.
Three-phase alternating current filter 3 also provides non-adjustable capacitive reactive power Q to system in the filtering harmonic current CDC side is an adjustable perceptual reactive source through 12 impulse commutation devices of an inductance short circuit, and its reactive power is proportional to DC side electric current, i.e. Q=1.35VI dAs mentioned above, α can regulate the DC side electric current continuously by control rectifying valve trigger angle, regulates the idle and then control SVC reactive compensation capacity (Q of its perception thereby reach C-Q L) purpose.Further specify in conjunction with the computer system simulation example.
The Computer Simulation example:
1. three winding rectifier transformers 2 and direct current reactor 4 parameters:
Three winding rectifier transformer 2:46MVA, 35kV/4kV/4kV, the mode of connection: Y/Y/D
Direct current reactor 4:6mH, rated current: 4000A
2. three-phase system parameter:
Line voltage 35kV, mains frequency 50HZ, grid short circuit capacity 2000MVA;
3. three-phase alternating current filter 3 parameters:
No. 11 filters: capacity 20Mvar, tuning point 10.9
No. 13 filters: capacity 16Mvar, tuning point 12.9
No. 17 filters: capacity 10Mvar, tuning point 16.9
4. simulation result:
The current waveform that flows through direct current reactor 4 as shown in Figure 4;
The current waveform that three-phase system phase voltage and static reactive power compensation device are input to three-phase bus 10 as shown in Figure 5;
Three-phase system phase voltage and three winding rectifier transformers, 2 primary current waveforms are shown in Fig. 6 institute.
Clear for figure, the three-phase system phase voltage waveform among Fig. 5 and 6 is all removed 4.At t=0.16 constantly, the direct current set point becomes 3000A from 0, and the electric current that actual flow is crossed direct current reactor 4 rises to 3000A as shown in Figure 4 in about 50 milliseconds.Because rising along with the electric current that passes through direct current reactor 4, three winding rectifier transformers, 2 primary currents also rise thereupon, shown in curve among Fig. 5, the electric current that thereby the difference of three-phase alternating current filter 3 electric currents and three winding rectifier transformers, 2 primary currents is the static reactive power compensation device is input to three-phase bus 10 descends thereupon, shown in Fig. 6 curve.Among Fig. 5, three winding rectifier transformers, 2 primary currents lag behind 90 ° of system's phase voltages, thereby are perception; Among Fig. 6, the electric current that the static reactive power compensation device is input to three-phase bus 10 is ahead of 90 ° of system's phase voltages, thereby is capacitive.
The software that described controller 1 is suitable for does not belong to the utility model protection range, does not repeat them here.

Claims (4)

1. the DC great current deicing apparatus that has static state reactive compensation function, it is characterized in that the former limit of three winding rectifier transformers (2) is connected on the three-phase bus, two secondary respectively with the big controlled current silicon of anode three-phase high-voltage valve (5), the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve (6) intermediate point connects, the positive pole of the negative pole of the big controlled current silicon of anode three-phase high-voltage valve (5) and the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve (6) connects and composes one 12 impulse commutation device, get positive terminals (7) behind the big controlled current silicon of anode three-phase high-voltage valve (5) the anodal serial connection direct current reactor (4), the negative pole of the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve (6) forms negative terminals (9), positive terminals (7), connect between the negative terminals (9) shorting stub (8) is set.
2. the DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the controllable silicon that is connected in series between the intermediate point of described anode three-phase high-voltage big controlled current silicon valve (5), the big controlled current silicon of negative terminal three-phase high-voltage valve (6) and positive pole, the negative pole is identical.
3. the DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described three winding rectifier transformers (2) two secondary adopt star, delta connection mode respectively, it is identical that the line voltage-phase of output differs 30 ° and amplitude.
4. the DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that on the described three-phase bus and connects three-phase alternating current filter (3) is set.
CNU2008201636936U 2008-08-28 2008-08-28 DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function CN201274399Y (en)

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CN2008101203722A CN101350510B (en) 2008-08-28 2008-08-28 DC great current deicing apparatus with static state reactive compensation function

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Cited By (5)

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CN102616152A (en) * 2011-01-31 2012-08-01 株洲变流技术国家工程研究中心有限公司 Online anti-icing system and method of rail traction power supply contact net
CN102756672A (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-10-31 株洲变流技术国家工程研究中心有限公司 Ice melting system for overhead contact system of electric railway
CN103457222A (en) * 2012-05-28 2013-12-18 南京南瑞继保电气有限公司 Reconfiguration method of 12-pulse transistor converter valve set
CN106452135A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-02-22 上海泓语电气技术有限公司 Power distribution transformer rectifier
EP3767771A1 (en) * 2019-07-17 2021-01-20 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing inductive idle power by means of an electric consumer device, electric consumer device and electrolysis device

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CN101505044B (en) * 2009-03-19 2012-03-14 浙江省电力设计院 Three bus access method for DC ice melting current
CN101557090B (en) * 2009-05-21 2011-04-27 鸡西电业局 De-icing device with wattless current injected in the end of transmission line
CN104037702A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-09-10 周细文 Direct-current deicing and SVG (static var compensator) device with uncontrollable rectification units and fully-controlled rectification units connected in series
CN104701796B (en) * 2015-03-27 2016-04-27 国家电网公司 A kind of intensive DC de-icing device topological structure
CN106411146B (en) * 2016-11-16 2019-01-29 株洲中车时代电气股份有限公司 A kind of 12 pulsating wave voltage-type reversible rectifier device and its control method
CN107215246B (en) * 2017-05-22 2020-05-12 北京千驷驭电气有限公司 Intelligent ice melting system of contact network
CN107215245B (en) * 2017-05-22 2020-01-21 北京千驷驭电气有限公司 Energy self-circulation contact net ice melting system
CN107508472A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-22 中国舰船研究设计中心 A kind of New Type of Rectifier system
CN108880277A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-11-23 南京南瑞继保电气有限公司 A kind of voltage source converter having ice-melt function concurrently and control method
CN111431126A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-07-17 广东电网有限责任公司清远供电局 Online ice melting device

Cited By (9)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102616152A (en) * 2011-01-31 2012-08-01 株洲变流技术国家工程研究中心有限公司 Online anti-icing system and method of rail traction power supply contact net
CN102616152B (en) * 2011-01-31 2014-02-05 株洲变流技术国家工程研究中心有限公司 Online anti-icing system and method of rail traction power supply contact net
CN102756672A (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-10-31 株洲变流技术国家工程研究中心有限公司 Ice melting system for overhead contact system of electric railway
CN102756672B (en) * 2011-04-28 2015-05-13 株洲变流技术国家工程研究中心有限公司 Ice melting system for overhead contact system of electric railway
CN103457222A (en) * 2012-05-28 2013-12-18 南京南瑞继保电气有限公司 Reconfiguration method of 12-pulse transistor converter valve set
CN106452135A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-02-22 上海泓语电气技术有限公司 Power distribution transformer rectifier
CN106452135B (en) * 2016-11-10 2019-02-12 上海泓语电气技术有限公司 Distribution transformer rectifier
EP3767771A1 (en) * 2019-07-17 2021-01-20 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing inductive idle power by means of an electric consumer device, electric consumer device and electrolysis device
WO2021008762A1 (en) 2019-07-17 2021-01-21 Siemens Energy Global GmbH & Co. KG Method for generating an inductive reactive power by means of an electrical load apparatus, electrical load apparatus, and electrolysis apparatus

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