CN201252404Y - Ad hoc network wireless monitoring device of a photovoltaic generating plant - Google Patents

Ad hoc network wireless monitoring device of a photovoltaic generating plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201252404Y
CN201252404Y CNU2008201095850U CN200820109585U CN201252404Y CN 201252404 Y CN201252404 Y CN 201252404Y CN U2008201095850 U CNU2008201095850 U CN U2008201095850U CN 200820109585 U CN200820109585 U CN 200820109585U CN 201252404 Y CN201252404 Y CN 201252404Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wireless
rfd
ffd
voltage
inverter
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Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CNU2008201095850U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷志芳
刘森林
程冰
柳大为
夏剑英
武振羽
周民
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ENN Science and Technology Development Co Ltd
ENN Solar Energy Co Ltd
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ENN Science and Technology Development Co Ltd
ENN Solar Energy Co Ltd
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Application filed by ENN Science and Technology Development Co Ltd, ENN Solar Energy Co Ltd filed Critical ENN Science and Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CNU2008201095850U priority Critical patent/CN201252404Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201252404Y publication Critical patent/CN201252404Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers

Abstract

The utility model provides an ad hoc network wireless monitoring device of a photovoltaic generating plant, which comprises a PC, a PC side FFD, a wireless coordinator, a wireless router, an RFD with a photovoltaic charger, an FFD, a solar battery assembly, a temperature and humidity sensor, a voltage and current sensor and a control switch, wherein the wireless RFD converts wired data into wireless data; an inverter side FFD monitors the information of the inverter through a wired interface, the PC monitors the whole situation through the PC side FFD; the RFD is connected with the temperature and humidity sensor and the voltage and current sensor, the state of the battery assembly is detected through the RFD, the temperature and humidity sensor and the voltage and current sensor; the wireless router connects and expands RFD equipment; the wireless coordinator is communicated with the PC side FFD to perform the global network setup and the information transmission; the photovoltaic charger charges all the RFD equipment. The utility model can measures each battery assembly and the environmental data at the periphery, has low power consumption, is expanded unlimitedly, and saves the trouble of monitoring a large-scale wiring.

Description

Photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device
Technical field
The utility model relates to supervising device, particularly a kind of photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device.
Background technology
In recent years, energy problem becomes increasingly conspicuous, and gives birth to so photovoltaic plant is seasonable.Along with rapid development of economy, it has been recognized that importance of energy conservation, the photovoltaic plant system is on the increase, generate output strengthens day by day, along with the power generation solar cell subassembly node increase and building on the difficulty of battery component safeguard, the increasing of difficult detection property, only depended on inverter integrated wired formula monitoring and wired mode that adds the wireless monitor inverter can not satisfy current real-time fully in the past, accuracy, the needs of ease for maintenance, and can large tracts of land layout, low in energy consumption, cost is low, installation and maintenance are used simple, the supervising device that accuracy is high does not have as yet at present and sees.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of and can monitors the running status and the surrounding enviroment situation of every battery component, and easy to install and use, and suitable large tracts of land is arranged net and debugged simple photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device.
For achieving the above object, this photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device comprises solar module, Temperature Humidity Sensor, and voltage-current sensor and control switch also comprise PC, PC side FFD, wireless telegon, wireless router, inverter side FFD, RFD.Wherein said Temperature Humidity Sensor, voltage-current sensor and control switch link to each other with solar module, described RFD and described Temperature Humidity Sensor, voltage-current sensor and control switch link to each other; Described RFD (far-end) links to each other with wireless router is wireless, and near-end RFD links to each other with wireless telegon is wireless; Described FFD (far-end) links to each other with wireless router is wireless, and near-end FFD links to each other with wireless telegon is wireless; Described wireless router links to each other with wireless telegon is wireless; Described PC links to each other with wireless telegon is wireless by PC side FFD.
The mode that the power supply of described inverter side FFD5 and RFD6 can adopt independent storage battery mode or charge a battery by solar cell.
This photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device, wherein said Temperature Humidity Sensor, voltage-current sensor and control switch are divided into some groups, every group each 1, one group can corresponding one or more solar modules, be near-end RFD6 and far-end RFD6 can with one group of Temperature Humidity Sensor 8, voltage-current sensor 9 and control switch 10 or organize Temperature Humidity Sensor 8 more, voltage-current sensor 9 and control switch 10 link to each other; Wherein each group can connect one or more solar modules 7.This device can link to each other with solar module by Temperature Humidity Sensor and monitor near the battery component humiture, the operating voltage and the electric current that link to each other with battery component and monitor battery component constantly by voltage-current sensor, and monitored signal is transferred to RFD, finally signal is judged, if come control switch in time to disconnect solar module by RFD when abnormal conditions appear in the voltage of battery component or electric current by the treatment system on the PC.
This photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device, described Temperature Humidity Sensor, voltage-current sensor and control switch group can be expanded arbitrarily and add the diversification collection that novel transducer is realized information.
This photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device, described PC can link to each other by RS485, RS232, Ethernet, any one mode of USB with PC side FFD.
The utility model wireless technology can adopt wireless sensor network Zigbee technology any suitable wireless technologys such as (purple-bee technologies).
The utility model radio node adopts the low-power consumption mode, and adopts photovoltaic charger to charge, because low in energy consumption, daytime, charger can be powered to the RFD node, can also charge to reserve battery simultaneously, guaranteed that long-time RFD normally moves.
The utility model is applicable to the photovoltaic plant of any form and any size.
The advantage of the utility model photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device is:
1. can refine to each generating node, by to the voltage of generating node and the collection of electric current and temperature characterisitic, in conjunction with the treatment system on the PC, the health status of each piece battery component of real-time judge.
2. adopt the wireless self-networking mode, when having avoided generate output big, node is too much, the shortcoming of the loaded down with trivial details debugging trouble that connects up; The shortcoming that being not easy to when also having avoided installing on the building safeguarded and detected.
3. radio node adopts the low-power consumption mode, and adopts photovoltaic charger to charge, can long-play and do not go to safeguard.Prolonged the life-span of whole system greatly.
4. the system expandability is outstanding, not only can expand to add that novel transducer is realized the diversification collection of information but also also promptly generate electricity when the generate output increase and also easily system be expanded when node increases.
5.PC machine software is succinct, and is low to the requirement of operator's computer level, training can be grasped whole operations a little.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device block diagram
Fig. 2 is the utility model photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device network node networking schematic diagram
Fig. 3 is the utility model photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device system schematic
Among the figure, 1-PC machine, 2-PC side FFD, the wireless telegon of 3-, 4-wireless router, 5-inverter side FFD, 6-RFD, 7-solar module, 8-Temperature Humidity Sensor, 9-voltage-current sensor, 10-control switch.
Wherein, Fig. 1 is a Figure of abstract.
Embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1, the utility model photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device mainly comprises Temperature Humidity Sensor (8), voltage-current sensor (9) and control switch (10), it is characterized in that: also comprise PC (1), PC side FFD (2), wireless telegon (3), wireless router (4), inverter side FFD (5), RFD (6), solar module (7).
With reference to Fig. 2, in the utility model photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device supervisory control system, FFD is the global function wireless communication node, and he bears network coordination person's function, can communicate with the equipment of any kind in the network.RFD is the lowermost level wireless communication node, and he can not can only communicate with main equipment as network coordination person, RFD be responsible for receiving data and with data by radioing to router or telegon.Router provides channel relaying and management for wireless network, and telegon is responsible for the coordination of master network.
With reference to Fig. 3, in the utility model photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device supervisory control system, inverter side FFD is by wireline interface monitoring inverter information, and detected information is deferred to the packing of wireless protocols format packets to be sent, realize the multi-hop transmission by wireless network then, finally be transferred to PC, PC is by the PC side FFD monitoring wireless network overall situation; RFD and solar module Temperature Humidity Sensor, voltage-current sensor were connected, and they detect the battery component state; Switch opens the light for the photoelectricity isolated controlling, and actual is long close point switch, and whether it disconnects by Single-chip Controlling; RFD terminal node equipment is undertaken by wireless router and joins expansion; Wireless telegon is responsible for global network and is set up, and communicates by letter and the information transmission with PC side FFD.Photovoltaic charger is given all RFD, FFD equipment charge.

Claims (7)

1. photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device, comprise PC (1), PC side FFD (2), wireless telegon (3), wireless router (4), inverter side FFD (5), RFD (6), solar module (7), Temperature Humidity Sensor (8), voltage-current sensor (9) and control switch (10), it is characterized in that: PC (1) links to each other by RS485, RS232, Ethernet or USB with PC side FFD (2) with the wireless PC of linking to each other of wireless telegon (3) (1) by PC side FFD (2).
2. photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described inverter side FFD (5) adopts independent storage battery or solar cell to charge a battery with the power supply of RFD (6).
3. photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described wireless router (4) and wireless linking to each other of wireless telegon (3); Far-end RFD (6) and wireless linking to each other of wireless router (4), near-end RFD (6) and wireless linking to each other of wireless telegon (3); Far-end inverter side FFD (5) and wireless linking to each other of wireless router (4), near-end inverter side FFD (5) and wireless linking to each other of wireless telegon (3).
4. photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: it is by wireline interface monitoring inverter that described inverter side FFD (5) links to each other with inverter.
5. photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described solar module (7) links to each other with battery component Temperature Humidity Sensor (8), voltage-current sensor (9) and control switch (10); Described RFD (6) and Temperature Humidity Sensor (8), voltage-current sensor (9) and control switch (10) link to each other.
6. photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described Temperature Humidity Sensor (8), and voltage-current sensor (9) and control switch (10) are divided into some groups, every group each 1; Wherein near-end RFD (6) and far-end RFD (6) and one group of Temperature Humidity Sensor (8), voltage-current sensor (9) and control switch (10) or organize Temperature Humidity Sensor (8) more, voltage-current sensor (9) and control switch (10) link to each other; Wherein each group can connect one or more solar modules (7).
7. according to claim 1,5 or 6 described any one photovoltaic plant MANET wireless monitoring devices, it is characterized in that: described Temperature Humidity Sensor (8), voltage-current sensor (9) and control switch (10) group can be expanded arbitrarily and add the diversification collection that novel transducer is realized information.
CNU2008201095850U 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Ad hoc network wireless monitoring device of a photovoltaic generating plant Expired - Lifetime CN201252404Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102821147A (en) * 2012-07-30 2012-12-12 嘉兴优太太阳能有限公司 Energy-saving solar array data collection system
CN106444455A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-22 株洲中车时代电气股份有限公司 Wireless networking method and system for internal communication of centralized-distributed type inverting system
CN106772090A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 深圳市共济科技股份有限公司 The Analysis of Networking method and Analysis of Networking system of Monitored System of Industrial Storage Cell

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102821147A (en) * 2012-07-30 2012-12-12 嘉兴优太太阳能有限公司 Energy-saving solar array data collection system
CN102821147B (en) * 2012-07-30 2015-02-11 嘉兴优太太阳能有限公司 Energy-saving solar array data collection system
CN106444455A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-22 株洲中车时代电气股份有限公司 Wireless networking method and system for internal communication of centralized-distributed type inverting system
CN106772090A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 深圳市共济科技股份有限公司 The Analysis of Networking method and Analysis of Networking system of Monitored System of Industrial Storage Cell
CN106772090B (en) * 2016-12-28 2019-06-18 深圳市共济科技股份有限公司 The Analysis of Networking method and Analysis of Networking system of Monitored System of Industrial Storage Cell

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Granted publication date: 20090603