A kind of tracking system of solar module support
The utility model relates to a kind of solar energy power generating industry installing bracket of solar cell module and tracking system thereof, relates to a kind of column tracking system specifically along with the difference of position of sun is adjusted the mounting system that battery component array things turn to automatically.
The mounting bracket system of the existing solar module of existing market is fixed system comparatively commonly, and its structure at most also can only be regulated level inclination and then just can not have been rotated.Fig. 1 is a typical column fixing bracket system.Its use background and shortcoming are as follows:
1. fixing bracket system
This fixing bracket system shown in Figure 1, in order better to obtain lighting quantity, need with its towards Due South to placement.Except a period of time at high noon, the unalterable level inclination of array all makes it be in unfavoured state on lighting quantity, in addition in the morning with the situation that surfaces of cell is blocked by self shade appears at dusk constantly.
2. matrix form mounting system
This matrix form mounting system shown in Figure 2, the optimum level inclination angle of most regional arrays is less, so just requires the distance between the column of support front and back bigger, and the land area that array takies also increases thereupon.The construction more complicated on the basis of array; For meeting footing foundation, the foundation ditch of front and back need be connected to an integral body, so just increased the materials of base concrete and reinforcing bar, strengthened construction cost.
Summary of the invention
Low in order to overcome the fixing bracket system generating efficiency, matrix form mounting system floor space is big, foundation construction cost height, the restricted shortcoming of the scope of application, and the utility model provides a kind of column battery component mounting bracket and tracking system thereof.This system can be along with the difference of position of sun, automatically the thing of adjusting array turns to, make the battery component array towards remaining consistent with the position of the sun, pre-determine the level inclination of battery component array simultaneously by the tilt adjustment bar, satisfy the demand of the optimum angle of incidence of different latitude area generating.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: comprising: column suspension column base plate is fixed by chemical bolt and reinforced concrete foundation; Connect the capital connecting plate on the column top by bolt, the capital connecting plate is connected by high-strength bolt with rotational structure; Be fixed on rotational structure and the post side connecting plate with the bolt hole of high-strength bolt tilt adjustment bar two ends; The bearing pedestal of rocking arm fork is fixed on high-strength bolt on the welded plate of rotational structure, and its front end is connected on the chan frame by high-strength bolt; A light sensor is fixed by one side briquetting in edge at the battery component array, settles the tracking control unit of a control rocking arm fork on column; Chan frame is connected with support guide by anti-skidding fixed structure with the battery component array; The battery component array is placed on the support guide, and the chute of support guide is put in the termination of T type bolt, is fixed by upper holder block; Minimum range between two battery components is greater than 5mm; Inclination pipe one end and capital connecting plate bolt, the other end is supported on the post side connecting plate by tilt adjustment bar and high-strength bolt; The axle sleeve of superhigh molecular weight polyethylene material is put into the inclination pipe, and flange that axle sleeve is and bolt are on the angle bar piece on the cross bar; The angle bar piece is fixed on the inclination square tube by stay bolt; At top board of the top of column welding, top board and capital connecting plate are fixed by four construction bolts; At the top side limit of column pipe welded post side connecting plate; Chan frame is placed upside down on the inclination square tube, with square bolt circle live square tube and it is placed in the mounting bolt hole of chan frame; The bearing pedestal of rocking arm fork base bar is installed on the inclination pipe, and tracking control unit control rocking arm stretches out or shrinks.
Useful achievement of the present utility model is that the photovoltaic cell component array changes thing automatically and turns to, and obtains more lighting quantity along with the variation of position of sun in a day, improves generating efficiency, reduces the floor space of assembly array simultaneously, saves construction cost.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example the utility model is described further.
Fig. 1 is a kind of fixed column mounting system.
Fig. 2 is fixed matrix form mounting system.
Fig. 3 is a stereogram of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is an end view of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is the connection diagram of the utility model medium-height trestle guide rail and battery component.
Fig. 6 is the explosive view of the utility model rotational structure.
Fig. 7 is the connection diagram of the utility model capital syndeton.
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram that the inclination square tube is connected with chan frame.
Fig. 9 is the outside drawing of rocking arm fork.
Numbering is detailed among the figure
1. battery component 2. support guides 3. columns 4. inclination square tubes 5. chan frames 6. rocking arm forks
7. inclination pipe 8. tilt adjustment bars 9. upper holder blocks 10. light sensors 11. tracking control units 12. angle bar pieces
13. ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene axle sleeve 15. capital connecting plates 16. post side connecting plates 18. square bolt 19. basic bars
20. swing arm 21.T shape bolt 22. stay bolts
The utility model drills through the pilot hole of some on the tilt adjustment bar, when using bolt with different pilot holes and the installation of the connecting plate on the column, just formed the level inclination of different battery component arrays; A light sensor is fixed by one side briquetting in edge at the battery component array, transducer is according to the difference that receives light intensity and to being installed in the signal that tracking control unit on the column discharges varying strength, controller is controlled the flexible of rocking arm according to the power that receives signal; When rocking arm stretches out forward, make chan frame be subjected to the effect of pulling force.Chan frame and tilting bar are bound by U bolt, and it connected with being connected by anti-skidding fixed structure of support guide.Tilting bar rotates by the axle sleeve that special material is made in the inclination square tube, has so just changed the east-west direction of chan frame.
In Fig. 3, Fig. 4, column 3 suspension column base plates are fixed by chemical bolt and reinforced concrete foundation.Connect capital connecting plate 15 on the column top by bolt, the capital connecting plate is connected by high-strength bolt with rotational structure.Be fixed on rotational structure and the post side connecting plate 16 with the bolt hole of high-strength bolt tilt adjustment bar 8 two ends.The bearing pedestal of rocking arm fork 6 is fixed on high-strength bolt on the welded plate of rotational structure, and its front end is connected on the chan frame 5 by high-strength bolt, and attention will guarantee can rotate relatively freely between them.Inductor 10 can discharge the signal of varying strengths to tracking control unit 11 according to the power that receives light, the power control rocking arm fork that tracking control unit will the number of it is believed that flexible.The rocking arm fork drives chan frame and rotates when flexible, and chan frame is connected with support guide 2 by anti-skidding fixed structure with battery component 1 array, thereby the battery component array also can rotate, and has changed its east-west direction.
In Fig. 5, battery component 1 is placed on the support guide 2, the termination of T type bolt 21 is put into the chute of support guide, be fixed by custom-designed upper holder block 9, the minimum range between two battery components promptly in the middle of distance between contiguous block bipod outward flange need satisfy solar photovoltaic power systems installation engineering design specification regulation greater than this regulation of 5mm.
In Fig. 6, inclination pipe 7 one ends and capital connecting plate bolt, the other end is supported on the post side connecting plate by tilt adjustment bar and high-strength bolt.The axle sleeve 13 of superhigh molecular weight polyethylene material is put into the inclination pipe, and flange that axle sleeve is and bolt limit it at the angle bar piece 12 on the cross bar and come off in rotation process.The angle bar piece is fixed on the inclination square tube by stay bolt 22.The good superhigh molecular weight polyethylene material of anti-wear performance has been adopted in the design of axle sleeve, has improved the useful life of mechanism on the one hand, has also reduced the stressed of rocking arm fork on the other hand, has saved the cost of generating.
In Fig. 7, at top board of the top of column 3 welding, top board and capital connecting plate 15 are fixed by four construction bolts.At the top side limit of column pipe welded post side connecting plate 16, just can determine the level inclination of battery component by post side connecting plate and tilt adjustment bar.
In Fig. 8, chan frame 5 is placed upside down on the inclination square tube 4, with square bolt 18 circles live square tube and it is placed in the mounting bolt hole of chan frame fastening nut.
In Fig. 9, select suitable position that the bearing pedestal of rocking arm fork base bar 19 is installed on the inclination pipe, rocking arm 20 meetings are stretched out or are shunk according to the difference that tracking control unit sends signal, thereby have realized following the tracks of the effect that the sun turns to.Among the figure: basic pole length: 1220-1240mm; Rocking arm length: 838-889mm.