CN201206893Y - Smoke abatement antiscaling energy saving hot water boiler - Google Patents

Smoke abatement antiscaling energy saving hot water boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201206893Y
CN201206893Y CNU2008201050116U CN200820105011U CN201206893Y CN 201206893 Y CN201206893 Y CN 201206893Y CN U2008201050116 U CNU2008201050116 U CN U2008201050116U CN 200820105011 U CN200820105011 U CN 200820105011U CN 201206893 Y CN201206893 Y CN 201206893Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
smoke
pot body
hot water
water
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201050116U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李洪亮
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李洪亮
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Priority to CNU2008201050116U priority Critical patent/CN201206893Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201206893Y publication Critical patent/CN201206893Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a smoke-elimination anti-scaling and energy-saving hot water boiler, which is composed of a water jacket boiler base (26), a boiler shell (8), a lower tube plate (25), a smoke tube (13), a smoke collecting box (11), a smoke outlet pipe (6), a heat exchange chimney (37) and a water inlet pipe (32) and used for coal-fired boilers to produce hot water. The utility model enables the coal-fired boiler to be smoke-removing, scaling-proof and energy-saving. The boiler shell (8) is connected on the water jacket boiler base (26); the lower tube plate (25) is connected on the inner wall of the lower end of the boiler shell (8); the lower tube plate (25) is connected with the smoke tube (13); the upper end of the smoke tube (13) is connected with the smoke collecting box (11); the smoke outlet pipe (6) is connected on the top of the smoke collecting box (11); the upper opening of the smoke outlet pipe (6) is connected with the heat exchange chimney (37); and a flushing port (29) of the water inlet pipe (32) enters between the upper side of the lower tube plate (25) and the smoke tube (13). The utility model is widely used for boiling living water or heating, or bathing in bathhouses, which is smoke-removing, scaling-proof and energy-saving.

Description

Smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler, is suitable for coal-burning boiler and produces hot water, is specially adapted to heat bath water.
Background technology
In the actual life, coal-fired hot-water boiler particularly bath boiler exists black fume of coal burning and pot problem that the body fouling burns out, and contaminated environment wastes energy, and service life of equipment is short.Burner hearth burning aspect, coal-fired general employing are just being burnt or are instead being burnt, and gravity-flow ventilation burning or blower fan dynamic combustion do not have in the burning that secondary wind or secondary wind are improper to cause the pyrotechnics burning abundant inadequately.Pot body heat exchange aspect, structure adopts horizontal heat exchanging water pipe, adds hot water in the pipe the inside, and incrustation scale easily at pipe internal memory knot, causes water pipe to burn out; The pyrotechnics pipe heat exchange that some adopt to be erect, the pyrotechnics pipe is erect, and pipe is outer to be difficult for depositing dirt, solves the problem that the pipe fouling burns out, but the tube sheet of pyrotechnics pipe lower end is deposited dirt easily and is burnt out.In addition, also have a kind of bath boiler, adopt vertical backhaul heat exchanger channels up and down in order to increase the heat exchange process of hot water and flue gas, the dead angle is many in the pot body, is easy to the fouling explosion, also must smoke to draw with air-introduced machine to overcome resistance, and to add the black smoke water processing establishment, not environmental protection, easily fouling.
For overcoming above problem and shortage, the utility model provides a kind of smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler, can make to be difficult for depositing dirt, thermal efficiency raising in coal-fired hot-water boiler smoke elimination burning, the pot body.
Technical scheme
The utility model smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler is made of water jacket furnace seat, pot body case, lower perforated plate, pyrotechnics pipe, collection smoke box, pipe, heat exchange chimney, water inlet pipe.Butt joint body of heater shell lower end above the water jacket furnace seat, the inwall of body of heater shell lower end does not have to meet with the periphery of the lower perforated plate that keeps flat and is connected, the distributing pyrotechnics pipe of the setting that communicates with burner hearth of the top connection of lower perforated plate, the upper end of pyrotechnics pipe is communicated with the collection smoke box, the collection smoke box is communicated with pipe, and pipe is communicated with the heat exchange chimney.The flush port of water inlet pipe enter into pot body case the inside lower perforated plate top and several pyrotechnics pipes between.Burner hearth, pyrotechnics pipe, collection smoke box, pipe, heat exchange chimney form an airtight fireworks channel; The inside formation of water jacket furnace seat, pot body case, heat exchange chimney is independently heated water system and is ganged up by the water pipe connection.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that burner hearth eliminates smoke and burns environmental protection and energy saving; The pyrotechnics pipe is erect, and the lower perforated plate surface is washed away in water inlet, has prevented to deposit dirt, has prolonged pot body service life; Flue is upwards straight-through, and the cigarette resistance is little, without air-introduced machine and black smoke water processing establishment; The heat exchange chimney has increased the flue gas heat exchange flow process, absorbs waste heat, and the boiler heat exchange efficiency improves; Boiler heat exchange water system independently heats and gangs up, and hot water increases progressively step by step heats, and terminal water outlet temperature raising is fast, is fit to the timely water in bathing place; The a plurality of heat exchange water systems of boiler are independent, but multi-use when not ganging up.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is a schematic diagram of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
The utility model smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler is made of water jacket furnace seat (26), pot body case (8), lower perforated plate (25), pyrotechnics pipe (13), collection smoke box (11), pipe (6), heat exchange chimney (37), water inlet pipe (32).
Water jacket furnace seat (26) is formed by water leg (21), burner hearth (24), secondary wind cover (18), holder device for coal (23), an air compartment (22) etc.Water leg (21) surrounds the airtight water jacket furnace wall that forms by inside and outside cylindrical shell and the connection of upper and lower doughnut-shaped steel plate, is connecting the blow-off pipe (27), water receiving pipe (28) and the water receiving pipe (20) that are communicated with it above; Blow-off pipe (27) is got rid of the dirt in the water leg (21), and water receiving pipe (28) and water receiving pipe (20) are water inlet pipe or outlet pipe.The water jacket furnace wall surrounds cross section and is circular or polygonal burner hearth (24).The airtight secondary wind ventilating duct that secondary wind cover (18) is made by steel plate is provided with the blast pipe (17) and the tornadotron (19) that are communicated with it above; Be centered around on the inside or border, outside of water leg (21), also can be centered around on the inside or border, outside of an air compartment (22); Blast pipe (17) communicates with air-blast device, tornadotron (19) bevel degree, same rotation direction, a plurality of, be distributed in burner hearth (24) and communicate on every side and with burner hearth (24); Air-blast device, blast pipe (17), secondary wind cover (18), tornadotron (19), burner hearth (24) have formed secondary wind communication channel, make the swirl combustion of the interior pyrotechnics whirlwind of burner hearth (24).Be provided with holder device for coal (23) below the burner hearth (24), holder device for coal (23) is fire bars or firing machine etc., the effect of play and hold coal, the fall ash and the burning of ventilating.Be provided with an air compartment (22) below the holder device for coal (23), the base space that an air compartment (22) is surrounded by steel plate, and be communicated with air-blast device, coal above holder device for coal (23) or burner hearth (24) are for a wind, and air-blast device, an air compartment (22), holder device for coal (23), burner hearth (24) form a wind communication channel.Dock with the lower end of pot body case (8) upper end of water jacket furnace seat (26).
Pot body case (8) dock pot body housing that forms by the steel plate capping on its top with the steel plate cylindrical shell, have the outlet pipe (34) that is communicated with Heat Room (31) inside it and (30), water inlet pipe (32), blast pipe (7), inspection opening (14) etc. on the housing.Outlet pipe (34) is located at housing top, outlet pipe (30) is located at the superjacent air space that bottom and an end extend to Heat Room (31), go out earlier in order to hot hot water, blast pipe (7) is opened in case top, inspection opening (14) is opened on the housing nearby of pyrotechnics pipe (13) lower end, in order to the incrustation scale situation of checking above the lower perforated plate (25).The lower end inwall of pot body case (8) cylindrical shell does not have to meet with the periphery of lower perforated plate (25) and is connected.
The tube sheet that lower perforated plate (25) is made by steel plate is convex or plane, is covered with the pore of pyrotechnics pipe (13) above.Pore is connected with pyrotechnics pipe (13).
The fireworks channel that pyrotechnics pipe (13) is made by steel pipe or steel plate, a plurality of pyrotechnics pipes (13) stand in great numbers on lower perforated plate (25), and the lower end tube wall does not have to meet with the pore of lower perforated plate (25) and is connected, and the mouth of pipe communicates with burner hearth (24).The upper end communicates with collection smoke box (11) the inside.
The airtight beacon chamber that box plate (12), casing (10), the roof box (33) that collection smoke box (11) is made by steel plate is connected to form.The plane tube sheet that box plate (12) is made for steel plate has the pore that pyrotechnics pipe (13) upper end is passed on the tube sheet, tube wall does not have to meet and is connected on pore and the pyrotechnics pipe (13); Shell ring or cylindrical shell that casing (10) is made by steel plate are cylindrical shape or cone barrel, and have the gray-drawing port (9) that is communicated with it, and gray-drawing port (9) is drawn grey-way by what steel pipe or steel plate were made, is provided with fire door; Flat board or convex head that roof box (33) is made by steel plate have outlet flue above, and outlet flue is connected with pipe (6).
The smoke-outlet flue that pipe (6) is made by steel plate or socket, its lower end do not have meet be connected the collection smoke box (11) outlet flue on and with the collection smoke box (11) the inside communicate, the upper end is communicated with heat exchange chimney (37).
The funnel shaft (2) that heat exchange chimney (37) is made by steel pipe or steel plate, lower perforated plate (5), upper perforated plate (1) and pyrotechnics pipe (35) form.In funnel shaft (2) the inside, upper inside wall is met with upper perforated plate (1) periphery nothing and is connected, lower inner wall is met with lower perforated plate (5) periphery nothing and is connected, several pyrotechnics pipes (35) stand in great numbers inner and pass pore on upper perforated plate (1) and the lower perforated plate (5) at chimney, pore does not have to meet with the tube wall at pyrotechnics pipe (35) two ends and is connected, and flue gas passes through in pyrotechnics pipe (35).Space between two tube sheets of funnel shaft (2) the inside is chimney Heat Room (3), have water inlet pipe (4), outlet pipe (36) on the funnel shaft (2) of chimney Heat Room (3), when outlet pipe (36) was located at funnel shaft (2) bottom, an end will extend to the space on top, Heat Room (3) the inside as outlet pipe (30).Blow-off pipe is located on the pipeline that is communicated with water inlet pipe (4).
The ventilating water pipe that water inlet pipe (32) is made by steel pipe or steel plate, the flush port of its water side (29) enter into the top of lower perforated plate (25) and several pyrotechnics pipes (13) between, to the bath of lower perforated plate (25) surface, the plate face of lower perforated plate (25) is washed away.
Water jacket furnace seat (26) upper end is docked with pot body case (a 8) lower end and is enclosed by adapter sleeve (16) and connects the outside.Upper and lower annular slab that adapter sleeve (16) is made by steel plate and tube circle are connected with boiler shell and surround the airtight chuck that forms, and center on the border that is connected between water jacket furnace seat (26) top and pot body case (8) bottom.The inside in airtight adapter sleeve (16), its water leg (21) is opened less exhaust eyelet on the border, and its pot body case (8) is opened bigger scale discharge outlet on the border, in order to exhaust and blowdown; Have the blow-off pipe (15) that is communicated with it on the adapter sleeve (16).
Water jacket furnace seat (26) upper end can also be docked with ring flange with pot body case (8) lower end.Blow-off pipe (15) directly is opened in a pot body case (8) bottommost, communicates with pot body Heat Room (31); The less steam vent on water leg (21) top directly is communicated with pot body Heat Room (31) by water pipe, also can not offer the exhaust eyelet, directly by water receiving pipe (28) exhaust.
Burner hearth (24), pyrotechnics pipe (13), collection smoke box (11), pipe (6), heat exchange chimney (37) connect the airtight pyrotechnics heat exchanger channels of formation that communicates.The fire coal of burner hearth (24) lining forces burning under a wind effect of an air compartment (22), burned flame by the cyclone firing of the secondary wind eddies of secondary wind cover (18) stream, has been eliminated black smoke in burner hearth (24).The flame that does not have black smoke is finally discharged from chimney through the pyrotechnics heat exchanger channels.
Pot body case (8) does not have to meet with the neighboring of lower perforated plate (25), gray-drawing port (9), pipe (6) and has been connected to form a pot body Heat Room (31); The upper perforated plate (1) at funnel shaft (2) and sealing pyrotechnics pipe (35) two ends, the periphery of lower perforated plate (5) do not have to meet and have been connected to form chimney Heat Room (3); Stove seat Heat Room is water leg (21).
Heat exchange water enters into by water inlet pipe (4) in the chimney Heat Room (3) of heat exchange chimney (37) the inside, discharges through outlet pipe (36), forms chimney heat exchange water system.
Heat exchange water enters in the pot body Heat Room (31) of a pot body case (8) the inside by the flush port (29) of water inlet pipe (32), discharges through outlet pipe (34) or (30), forms pot body heat exchange water system.
It is in the water leg (21) that heat exchange water enters into stove seat Heat Room by water receiving pipe (28), discharges through water receiving pipe (20).Or enter by water receiving pipe (20), discharge through water receiving pipe (28), form body of heater heat exchange water system.
Gang up mutually between chimney heat exchange water system, pot body heat exchange water system, the body of heater heat exchange water system, heat exchange water is heated step by step by segmentation, and boiler water outlet temperature raising is fast, is particularly suitable for publilc baths bathing and heating.Still can be used alone or in combination between the water system, realize different heat exchange purposes.
Burner hearth eliminates smoke and burns, and combustible component is utilized in the black smoke; Lower perforated plate (25) surface is washed away in water inlet, and lower perforated plate is difficult for depositing dirt on (25); Heat exchange chimney (37) utilizes fume afterheat, and is energy-saving and cost-reducing, can be widely used in bathing pool bathing and heating, also goes for places such as daily life, office and produces hot water or heating.

Claims (8)

1, the utility model smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler, by water jacket furnace seat (26), pot body case (8), lower perforated plate (25), pyrotechnics pipe (13), collection smoke box (11), pipe (6), heat exchange chimney (37), water inlet pipe (32) constitutes, it is characterized in that: the upper end that is provided with the water jacket furnace seat (26) of a secondary wind cover (18) and an air compartment (22) simultaneously is connected with the lower end of pot body case (8), top is connected with the periphery of lower perforated plate (25) with the lower end inwall of the pot body case (8) that the neighboring of gray-drawing port (9) and pipe (6) is connected, the pore of lower perforated plate (25) is connected with the lower end of pyrotechnics pipe (13), the upper end of pyrotechnics pipe (13) is communicated with collection smoke box (11), collection smoke box (11) is communicated with pipe (6), and pipe (6) is communicated with heat exchange chimney (37).
2, smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: between the pyrotechnics pipe (13) of pot body case (8) inside and the top of lower perforated plate (25) is provided with the flush port (29) of water inlet pipe (32).
3, smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: pot body case (8) is connected to form a pot body Heat Room (31) with the neighboring of lower perforated plate (25), the gray-drawing port (9) that collects smoke box (11) and pipe (6).
4, smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the top of the water leg (21) of water jacket furnace seat (26) has steam vent and is communicated with the pot body Heat Room (31) of pot body case (8) the inside; Have sewage draining exit or blow-off pipe (15) on the pot body case (8) of pot body Heat Room (31) bottom.
5, smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be intervally distributed with the mouth of pipe of the two or more tornadotrons (19) that communicate with burner hearth (24) on burner hearth (24) periphery of water jacket furnace seat (26) the inside, the mouth of pipe is asking device for coal (23) top more than 200 millimeters.
6, smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: gang up mutually between the pyrotechnics pipe (13) of the burner hearth (24) of water jacket furnace seat (26) the inside, burner hearth (24) top, the collection smoke box (11) of pyrotechnics pipe (13) upper end, the pipe (6) above the collection smoke box (11), the heat exchange chimney (37) above the pipe (6).
7, smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: gang up mutually between the pot body Heat Room (31) of the chimney Heat Room (3) of heat exchange chimney (37) the inside, pot body case (8) the inside, the water leg (21) of water jacket furnace seat (26).
8, smoke elimination antiscale energy-saving hot water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: lower perforated plate (25) becomes convex, and its periphery is connected with the upper end of the water leg (21) of pot lower end of body case (8) or water jacket furnace seat (26).
CNU2008201050116U 2008-04-03 2008-04-03 Smoke abatement antiscaling energy saving hot water boiler Expired - Fee Related CN201206893Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201050116U CN201206893Y (en) 2008-04-03 2008-04-03 Smoke abatement antiscaling energy saving hot water boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201050116U CN201206893Y (en) 2008-04-03 2008-04-03 Smoke abatement antiscaling energy saving hot water boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201206893Y true CN201206893Y (en) 2009-03-11

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CNU2008201050116U Expired - Fee Related CN201206893Y (en) 2008-04-03 2008-04-03 Smoke abatement antiscaling energy saving hot water boiler

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102889805A (en) * 2012-10-12 2013-01-23 吴鸣海 Heat exchanger capable of effectively preventing incrustation scale hazard
CN106838860A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-06-13 包光华 A kind of vertical smoke tube boiler

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102889805A (en) * 2012-10-12 2013-01-23 吴鸣海 Heat exchanger capable of effectively preventing incrustation scale hazard
CN106838860A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-06-13 包光华 A kind of vertical smoke tube boiler

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090311

Termination date: 20100403