CN201202591Y - Tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for fan - Google Patents

Tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for fan Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201202591Y
CN201202591Y CNU200820058929XU CN200820058929U CN201202591Y CN 201202591 Y CN201202591 Y CN 201202591Y CN U200820058929X U CNU200820058929X U CN U200820058929XU CN 200820058929 U CN200820058929 U CN 200820058929U CN 201202591 Y CN201202591 Y CN 201202591Y
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China
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mass block
vibration damping
mass
blower fan
damping control
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CNU200820058929XU
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Chinese (zh)
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黄亮
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Sany Electric Co Ltd
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Sany Electric Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Abstract

The utility model discloses a tuned mass damper vibration control device used for a fan, relating to the tuned mass damper vibration control technology. The device is arranged in a tower at the upper end of a wind turbine and comprises a platform, as well as a rotary adjusting device, a power device, a mass block assembly and a damper which are arranged on the platform; the platform is fixed on the inner wall of the tower; the device is mainly characterized in that the power of the power device drives the mass block assembly to rotate through the rotary adjusting device, so that the components on the platform can be yawed and synchronously rotated along with the fan. The utility model can initiatively make opposite adjustment along with the wind direction to control the vibration amplitude to the maximum extent. Furthermore, based on the MTMD vibration principle, the utility model also provides an MTMD technical proposal; a plurality of single TMDs are arranged in sequence from top to bottom; and the power device coaxially drives each rotary adjusting device to enable the rotating speed of all turntables to be synchronized, so that the tower vibration inside the scope of frequency band generated by a rotating wind wheel can be effectively controlled.

Description

Tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of tuning quality damper vibration damping control device, is specifically related to a kind of tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan.
Background technique
Tuning quality damper vibration damping control device (Tuned mass damper, abbreviation TMD) utilized resonance principle, the vibrational energy of controlled structures main body is transferred on the damping control device (TMD), thereby reduce that wind shakes and earthquake to the influence of tall and slender structure main body, TMD has had more application (as Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Shanghai, Hefei television tower, the Taibei 101 mansions etc.) at home and abroad.
Show by theoretical calculation, finite element analysis and engineering example: when the quality of TMD suitable, the frequency of TMD damping control device and controlled structures main body is approaching, the damping ratio of TMD is between 5%-15% the time, and most of vibrational energy of controlled tall and slender structure main body will be transferred on the TMD device.
Multiple TMD refers at the diverse location of tall and slender structure main body and arranges a plurality of TMD (be called for short MTMD), compares with single TMD: MTMD has overcome quality and the restricted shortcoming of cushion stroke that can utilize the TMD mass block that the restriction in space causes owing to main structure body inside; Single TMD can only control a kind of vibration of frequency, and MTMD can control the vibration of multiple frequency, and this is better for the wideband arousal effect as wind shakes.Show by computational analysis, to identical TMD mass ratio (mass ratio between mass block and the controlled main body), such as 4%, if adopt a TMD to be arranged in the top of tall and slender structure main body, can reduce main structure body vibration displacement 88% (mass ratio is that vibration damping 81%, mass ratio are that vibration damping 85%, mass ratio are 3% o'clock vibration damping 87%) at 1% o'clock at 2% o'clock; And when adopting the MTMD scheme, when all TMD quality are 4% than sum, can vibration dampings 90% with 2 TMD, with 3 TMD energy vibration dampings 91.5%, with 4 TMD energy vibration dampings 93%.Therefore, for same effectiveness in vibration suppression, MTMD has littler quality than TMD; For same mass ratio, MTMD has better effectiveness in vibration suppression than TMD.
The stability of wind-driven generator tower frame is one of most important Consideration in the tower design, that is to say, the cyclic load excitation that the designer produces in the time of will avoiding owing to the wind wheel blade rotation as far as possible, cause pylon to produce resonance, destroy stability of tower, quicken the damage of pylon, shorten its working life.
Current, the vibration damping scheme of wind-driven generator tower frame (is example with cylinder head tower structure), adopt mostly at 2.5 meters of distance cat head and arrange that along the pylon inwall one encloses the interior back-up sand about thick 8cm, to increase the counterweight of local quality, this scheme is a kind of passive control mode, there is no relative movement between sand quality wherein and the agent structure; This scheme is not proper vibration control, but a kind of avoid pylon fundamental frequency and wind wheel speed near the time measure of resonance takes place; Therefore, this scheme does not have obvious effects to the control of the vibration displacement of engine room inside part.
For wind-driven generator, what produce when the vibrational excitation that adds is mainly rotated from wind wheel blade pass through frequency, and it is a forced vibration, in theory, just can reach effect preferably as long as control the frequency of this excitation; But owing to the change along with wind direction, the cabin of wind-driven generator will be followed and be produced the driftage rotation, is in state down with the wind to guarantee blade.Therefore with respect to wind-driven generator tower frame, described forced vibration also can rotate thereupon.
At present, the TMD that uses in actual engineering mostly is suspending type TMD and two kinds of forms of supported TMD greatly.As shown in Figure 1a, this figure is the structural representation of suspending type TMD, and it mainly is made up of weight mass piece 102, messenger wire 105, spring 103 and damper 104, and weight mass piece 102 is suspended in the top of main structure body 108 by messenger wire 105; Shown in Fig. 1 b, this figure is the structural representation of supported TMD, and it mainly is made up of weight mass piece 202, spring 203, damper 204 and roller 205, and weight mass piece 202 contacts with main structure body 208 by roller 205.The TMD of above-mentioned two kinds of forms all is provided with piston type damper and spring assembly between weight mass piece and agent structure, realize motion control to the weight mass piece by damper and spring, finishes the vibration damping control to main structure body.
Above-mentioned two kinds of TMD devices are applied in the blower fan frame, can't realize following the driftage of wind-driven generator that wind is rotated tuning synchronously, therefore, can not give full play to the vibration damping control effect of TMD.
The model utility content
At above-mentioned defective, the technical problem that the utility model solves is, a kind of tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan is provided, and can initiatively carry out the subtend adjustment by box haul, controls vibration amplitude to greatest extent.
The device that the utility model provides comprises:
At least one platform is fixed on the inwall of pylon;
At least one rotary regulator comprises:
Rotating disk is arranged on the top of described platform,
The rotating disk drive assembly is fixedly installed on the described platform and drives described rotating disk and rotates,
The revolution supporting part is arranged between described rotating disk and the platform;
Power plant are fixedly installed on the described platform and its power exports the rotating disk drive assembly to;
At least one mass block assembly is arranged on the rotating disk, and this assembly comprises:
Mass block,
At least two mass block support devices, left and right symmetry are fixed on the lower surface of mass block;
At least one damper, the cylinder body of described damper is fixedlyed connected with the lower surface of mass block, and the termination of the piston rod of described damper is fixed on the rotating disk.
Preferably, comprise that also at least one has the limit guide rail of straight-line guidance groove, be fixedly installed on the rotating disk of described mass block below; The lower end of described mass block support device places also can be along this limit guide rail straight-line displacement in the described straight-line guidance groove.
Preferably, described platform, rotary regulator, mass block assembly and limit guide rail are several, from top to bottom set gradually; Each rotating disk drive assembly of described power plant Driven by Coaxial.
Preferably, described mass block assembly also comprises several springs, and described mass block is made up of top mass block, barycenter mass block and lower mass piece and is from top to bottom set gradually; Fixedly connected with the pylon internal surface with described barycenter mass block outer surface respectively in the two ends of described several springs, and along the uniform setting of the outer surface of barycenter mass block.
Preferably, described mass block assembly also comprises vertical boom, and fixedly connected with the lower mass piece in the lower end of described vertical boom and the middle part of described vertical boom is provided with cross struts; Described top mass block and barycenter mass block are sleeved on the described vertical boom and put upper and lower both sides in institute's cross struts respectively.
Described mass block assembly also comprises safetied pin, and described top mass block and lower mass piece are formed by discoid quality sheet, and described safetied pin is installed on from the end of the vertical boom of top mass block top.
Described cross struts is the Mi Zixing structure, has the Mi Zixing groove of ccontaining cross struts on the lower surface of described top mass block.
Be provided with several along the circumferential direction uniform lubricated balls between described lower mass piece and the barycenter mass block.
Preferably, described power plant comprise drive motor and speed reducer, and described rotating disk drive assembly is intermeshing driving gear and driven gear; Wherein, described driven gear is sleeved on the outside of described rotating disk, and described driving gear is fixedlyed connected with the output shaft of speed reducer, and the input shaft of described speed reducer is fixedlyed connected with the output shaft of drive motor.
Preferably, described revolution supporting part is several revolution balls, on the lower surface of the upper surface of described platform and described rotating disk, be relatively set with a circular groove and No. two circular grooves respectively, described several revolution balls be arranged in circular groove and No. two circular grooves and the distance between described platform upper surface and the disk lower surface less than the diameter of described revolution ball.
Preferably, described revolution supporting part is a pivoting support bearing, and the inner ring of described pivoting support bearing is fixedlyed connected with the lower surface of rotating disk, fixedlys connected with the upper surface of platform in the outer ring of described pivoting support bearing.
Described mass block support device is roller or slide block.
Preferably, the medium inlet of described damper is provided with the damping modulating valve.
Preferably, described mass block assembly 4 also comprises several springs; Described mass block is made up of core mass block and external mass piece; Wherein, the axial cross section of core mass block is shaped as big end down stepped shaft, and the external mass piece is a ring structure, and described annular exterior mass block is sleeved on the outside of core mass block top Cylindrical object; Fixedly connected with the pylon internal surface with described external mass piece outer surface respectively in the two ends of described several springs, and along the uniform setting of the outer surface of external mass piece.
The upper surface of described core mass block lower step is provided with several along the circumferential direction uniform lubricated balls.
Preferably, described mass block is the container of contain fluid.
The control principle of TMD provided by the utility model is as follows:
During blower fan work, primary load produces the horizontal gas dynamicthrust when being the wind wheel rotation, and this thrust is more many greatly than the wind load that tower structure self bears, therefore, with designs simplification is the single-degree-of-freedom system of top lumped mass, and the horizontal gas dynamicthrust is reduced to the simple harmonic quantity external load.If x TMD(t), x (t) is respectively TMD, the main structure body absolute displacement with respect to the space, its coupled motions equation is:
M TMD ( x · · TMD + x · · wind ) + c TMD ( x · TMD - x · jg ) + k TMD ( x TMD - x jg ) = 0 M jg ( x · · jg + x · · wind ) + c jg x · jg + k jg x jg - c TMD ( x · TMD - x · jg ) - k TMD ( x TMD - x jg ) = 0
In the formula x · · wind = F wind sin ωt Be the simple harmonic quantity external load, be expressed as follows with matrix form:
M TMD 0 0 M jg x · · TMD x · · jg + C TMD - C TMD - C TMD C TMD + C jg x · TMD x · jg + k TMD - k TMD - k TMD k TMD + k jg x TMD x jg = - M TMD M jg x · · wind
When not considering damping, motion equation (C=0) can be reduced to:
M TMD 0 0 M jg x · · TMD x · · jg + k TMD - k TMD - k TMD k TMD + k jg x TMD x jg = - M TMD M jg x · · wind
F in the formula WindBe the maximum horizontal pneumatic thrust of wind wheel in one changes.
At F WindEffect under, the differential equation of motion of main structure body is:
[ M ] { x · · jg } + [ C ] { x · jg } + [ K ] { x jg } = F wind sin ωt
[M], [C] and [K] are respectively mass matrix, damping matrix and the stiffness matrix of structure, F in the formula WindSin ω t is a wind wheel Pneumatic horizontal thrust.
Utilize vibration shape vector perpendicularity and modal analysis method, and when only considering the first vibration mode of structure.When in structural top a quality being installed is M TMD, damping is C TMD, rigidity is K TMDTMD the time, the differential equation of motion of structure under the effect of wind wheel horizontal gas dynamicthrust is:
M TMD x · · TMD + C TMD ( x · TMD - x · jg ) + k TMD ( x TMD - x jg ) = F wind sin ωt + F TMD
F in the formula TMDBe the active force of TMD to main structure body.
As can be seen from the above equation, because F has been arranged TMDExistence, just external load has been transferred to above the TMD the active force part of structure, thereby has been reached the purpose of passive energy dissipation.
The tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan that the utility model provides compared with prior art has following advantage:
1, controlling the direction of shaking can rotate in good time.After power plant start, drive the mass block assembly that is arranged on the rotating disk by rotary regulator and finish spinning movement, when the change driftage of the cabin of wind-driven generator box haul was rotated, described vibration damping control of quality piece can rotate synchronously.Therefore, in working order, the control of the TMD described in the utility model direction of shaking is in down with the wind direction all the time, and the forced vibration direction of generation is consistent in the time of can rotating with wind wheel blade in real time, the comprehensive in good time control of realization 360 degree is shaken, to cut down the vibration displacement of top electric generator structure to greatest extent.
2, improve the operating life of controlled main body.Because under the effect of wind load alternation, cat head will produce horizontal vibration displacement, cat head cabin and inner components thereof are also along with making double vibrations together.Further, use TMD described in the utility model, avoided blower fan engine room inside parts such as bearing, motor and control gear to be in the working state of reciprocal Fatigue Load for a long time, and then improved its stable working and fatigue life.
3, improve the blower fan power generating quality.By the transverse vibration displacement of rational control blower fan pylon, improved the stable working of wind-driven generator, thereby improved the stationarity of networking power frequency.
4, in the further preferred version that the utility model provides, design with limit guide rail of straight-line guidance groove, the control direction of shaking is determined uniquely, has overcome the ambiguity defective that traditional TMD utilizes the resultant motion control TMD direction of vibration of two vertical directions in the horizontal plane.
5, wideband modulability.Further, the utility model provides a kind of MTMD, a plurality of TMD from top to bottom set gradually, when collectivity Scheme Design, can utilize the relation in space by volume, stroke and the pylon inside of balance TMD mass block, optimize suitable quantity, effectively control the interior tower oscillation of frequency band range that the wind wheel rotation is produced.
6, adjustable damping.Because the monsoon characteristics of wind energy turbine set, the wind-force intensity and the wind direction of different times all have difference, and therefore, damper described in the utility model is provided with the damping modulating valve, can be different and adjust the flow of damper working medium (oil or gas) according to season in good time, thus reach the purpose of regulating damping.
The tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan that the utility model provides, be not limited to the blower fan special use, it also goes for the vibration damping control of other rotatable tall and slender structures, such as: the towering game station in tower crane in revolving restaurant, the engineering machinery and the amusement park etc. with vertical running shaft, for the pylon of different structure form and material, can be suitable for equally as structures such as steel cylinder, concrete tube, Steel Trusss.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of TMD of suspending type described in the background technique and supported TMD, and wherein: Fig. 1 a is the structural representation of suspending type TMD, and Fig. 1 b is the structural representation of supported TMD.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan described in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is that the B of Fig. 2 is to view.
Fig. 5 is the I portion enlarged view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is the II portion enlarged view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 7 is that the revolution supporting part adopts pivoting support bearing 23 " structure diagram.
Fig. 8 is the TMD overall structure schematic representation of second kind of mass block structure.
Fig. 9 is the axial sectional view of second kind of mass block structure.
Figure 10 is the TMD overall structure schematic representation of the third mass block structure.
Figure 11 is the TMD overall structure schematic representation of the 4th kind of mass block structure.
Figure 12 is the overall structure schematic representation of the MTMD that provides of the utility model.
Among Fig. 2-Figure 10:
1-platform, circular groove of 11-, the perforation of 12-leader cable, the perforation of 13-cat ladder;
2-rotary regulator, 21-rotating disk, No. two circular grooves of 211-, 22-rotating disk drive assembly, 221-driving gear, 222-driven gear, 23-revolution supporting part, 23 '-revolution ball, 23 "-pivoting support bearings;
3-power plant, 31-drive motor, 32-speed reducer;
4-mass block assembly, 41 and 41 '-mass block, 41-1 and 41-2-liquid quality piece, 41-2-1-liquid filling hole, 411-top mass block, 412-barycenter mass block, 413-lower mass piece, 415-core mass block, 416-external mass piece, 42-mass block support device, 43 ' and 43 "-spring, the vertical boom of 44-, 441-cross struts, 45-safetied pin, 46 ' and 46 "-lubricated ball;
5-damper, 51-cylinder body, 52-piston rod, 53-damping modulating valve;
6-limit guide rail, 61-straight-line guidance groove;
7-off-course signal transmission line;
8-pylon, 81-leader cable, 82-anti-collision protection device, 83-cat ladder;
The 9-transmission shaft;
10 attached seats.
Embodiment
The key points in design of tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan described in the utility model is, TMD can realize that box haul changes and initiatively carry out the subtend adjustment, and then the shake conformity of direction and this forced vibration direction of the control of assurance TMD.
Specify mode of execution below in conjunction with Figure of description.
Referring to Fig. 2, this figure is the structural representation of tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan described in the utility model.
As shown in the drawing, the described tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan of present embodiment is arranged in the upper end pylon 8 of wind-driven generator, comprises platform 1, rotary regulator 2, power plant 3, mass block assembly 4 and damper 5.Position between each parts and annexation, please in the lump referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, wherein, Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 2, Fig. 4 is that the B of Fig. 2 is to view.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, described platform 1 is fixed on the inwall of pylon 8; Described rotary regulator 2 comprises rotating disk 21, rotating disk drive assembly 22 and revolution supporting part 23, described rotating disk 21 is arranged on the top of described platform 1, described rotating disk drive assembly 22 is fixedly installed on the described platform 1 and drives described rotating disk 21 rotations, described revolution supporting part 23 is arranged between described rotating disk 21 and the platform 1, is used to realize the relative rotary motion between rotating disk 21 and the platform 1; Described power plant 3 are fixedly installed on the described platform 1 and its power exports rotating disk drive assembly 22 to; Described mass block assembly 4 is arranged on the rotating disk 21, and this assembly comprises mass block 41 and mass block support device 42, and described mass block support device 42 is that four and left and right symmetry are fixed on the lower surface of mass block 41; The cylinder body 51 of described damper 5 is fixedlyed connected with the lower surface of mass block 41, and the termination, both sides of the piston rod 52 of described damper 5 is fixed on the rotating disk 21 by attached seat 10 respectively.Because the hydraulic pressure viscous damper is widely used in the engineering structure damping, and technology is comparatively ripe, and therefore, damper described in the present embodiment 5 selects for use the hydraulic pressure viscous damper as optimum scheme.
Above-mentioned TMD in working order in, when rotation is gone off course in the variation of blade of wind-driven generator box haul, power plant 3 described in the utility model start, the rotating disk 21 of motivational drive rotary regulator 2 rotates, and then the drive mass block rotates, the direction that makes the control of TMD produce forced vibration when shaking direction and wind wheel rotation is consistent, and finishes oscillation damping and energy dissipating through damper 5.
Further, in conjunction with shown in Figure 4, described TMD also comprises two limit guide rail 6 with straight-line guidance groove 61, and left and right symmetry is fixedly installed on the rotating disk 21 of described mass block 41 belows; The lower end of described mass block support device 42 places also can be along these limit guide rail 6 straight-line displacements in the described straight-line guidance groove 61.Detailed structure and annexation for clearer expression limit guide rail 6 see also Fig. 5, and this figure is the I portion enlarged view of Fig. 3.Limit guide rail 6 described in the utility model can guarantee that the control direction of shaking determines uniquely, has overcome the ambiguity defective that traditional TMD utilizes the resultant motion control TMD direction of vibration of two vertical directions in the horizontal plane, the best results so that the control of TMD is shaken.
Particularly, described power plant 3 are made up of drive motor 31 and speed reducer 32, and described rotating disk drive assembly 22 is intermeshing driving gear 221 and driven gear 222; Wherein, described driven gear 222 is sleeved on the outside of described rotating disk 21, and described driving gear 221 is fixedlyed connected with the output shaft of speed reducer 32, and the input shaft of described speed reducer 32 is fixedlyed connected with the output shaft of drive motor 31.
Here specify a bit, when go off course in the cabin, control system can be sent the driftage control signal according to the signal that wind meter (wind direction, air velocity transducer) collects, this driftage control signal is sent to described drive motor 31 through off-course signal transmission line 7, accurately controlling and driving motor 31 and blower fan yaw motor synchronization motion, the rotating speed of round turntable and the driftage rotating speed in cabin are consistent, that is to say, guarantee that the axis of cabin main shaft is consistent with the moving direction of TMD mass block.Because those skilled in the art can realize above-mentioned functions fully according to existing automatic control technology, therefore, about control section, does not repeat them here.
In the such scheme, described revolution supporting part 23 for several the revolution balls 23 ', referring to Fig. 6, this figure is the II portion enlarged view of Fig. 3.
As shown in the drawing, on the lower surface of the upper surface of described platform 1 and described rotating disk 21, be relatively set with a circular groove 11 and No. two circular grooves 211 respectively, in circular groove 11 of described several revolution balls 23 ' be arranged on and No. two circular grooves 211 and the distance L between described platform 1 upper surface and rotating disk 21 lower surfaces less than described revolution ball 23 ' diameter.Restriction rotating disk 21 can only move along fixation locus, to keep the accuracy of its rotation.
In addition, described revolution supporting part 23 also can adopt pivoting support bearing 23 ".Referring to Fig. 7, this figure is that revolution supporting part 23 adopts pivoting support bearings 23 " structure diagram.
The following circle of as shown in the drawing, described pivoting support bearing 23 " the circle of going up fixedly connected described pivoting support bearing 23 with the lower surface of rotating disk 21 " is fixedlyed connected with the upper surface of platform 1.Be appreciated that ground, described pivoting support bearing 23 " can select contact ball types or crossed roller bearing formulas for use at 4 according to concrete operating mode, use needs all can as long as satisfy; In the present embodiment, employing is 4 contact ball type pivoting support bearings.
In the utility model, be used to support the mass block support device 42 of mass block 41, can be roller or slide block (slide block is not shown in the drawings) with respect to rotating disk 21 motions.
Consider the monsoon variation when blower fan moved in annual period, as shown in Figure 3, the medium inlet of described damper 5 is provided with damping modulating valve 53.Damper described in the utility model is provided with the damping modulating valve, can be different and adjust the flow of damper 4 working mediums (oil or gas) according to season in good time, thus reach the purpose of regulating damping.
Be that described mass block 41 can require to adopt different structures, present embodiment to provide following four kinds of concrete schemes according to pylon inner space and assembly technology with being appreciated that.
First kind of mass block structure, please in the lump referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, described mass block 41 is made up of top mass block 411, barycenter mass block 412 and lower mass piece 413 and is from top to bottom set gradually; Described mass block assembly 4 also comprise several springs 43 along the uniform setting of outer surface of barycenter mass block 412 ', described several springs 43 ' two ends fixedly connected with pylon 8 internal surfaces with described barycenter mass block 412 outer surfaces respectively.
Spring 43 shown in the figure ' be eight and be radial Mi Zixing setting.Described spring 43 ' can select extension spring or stage clip for use.When selecting extension spring for use, assembling needs pre-stretching; When selecting stage clip for use, assembling needs precompression.This prestretching or precompressed value should be able to guarantee that spring in the stroke range of TMD, is in tension or pressured state all the time, have avoided spring owing to compressing or stretching unstability disengaging geometrical axis to take place.
Further, described mass block assembly 4 also comprises vertical boom 44, and fixedly connected with lower mass piece 413 in the lower end of described vertical boom 44 and the middle part of vertical boom 44 is provided with cross struts 441; Described top mass block 411 and barycenter mass block 412 are sleeved on the described vertical boom 44 and place the upper and lower both sides of institute's cross struts 441 respectively.
Described mass block assembly 4 also comprises safetied pin 45, and described top mass block 411 and lower mass piece 413 are formed by discoid quality sheet; The upper end of described vertical boom 44 passes from top mass block 411 tops, and safetied pin 45 is installed on the upper end of vertical boom 44, and restriction mass block 8 is the axial motion of the vertical boom 44 in edge at the volley; Simultaneously, when needs increase and decrease quality sheet, safetied pin 45 can be extracted the back operation.
Further, described cross struts 441 is the Mi Zixing structure, has the Mi Zixing groove (not shown) of ccontaining cross struts 441 on the lower surface of described top mass block 411.This cross struts 441 is used to carry the weight of top mass block 411.
Be to increase the utility model operability, as shown in Figure 2, be provided with between described lower mass piece 413 and the barycenter mass block 412 several along the circumferential direction uniform lubricated balls 46 '.
Working principle below in conjunction with first kind of mass block structure of corresponding construction explanation: in theory, described barycenter mass block 412 can only be done the straight-line displacement of different direction with roller or slide block in limit guide rail 6, in space range, do not rotate, therewith eight springs 43 of Xiang Lianing ' just elongate or shorten and can not rotate motion.And top mass block 411 and lower mass piece 413 are understood along with vertical boom 44 rotates in space range, so barycenter mass block 412 separates with the motion of top mass block 411 with lower mass piece 413.The cross struts 441 of the Mi Zixing at the middle part of vertical boom 44 (with top mass block 411 bottom positions of intersecting) is with the Mi Zixing groove fit on the lower surface of top mass block 411.Like this, the weight of top mass block 411 is by Mi Zixing cross struts 441 carrying, keeps zero pressure contact between the lower surface that guarantees top mass block 411 in theory and the upper surface of barycenter mass block 412, therefore, can avoid rotating relatively the frictional force of generation.In like manner, the lubricated ball 46 that is provided with between described lower mass piece 413 and the barycenter mass block 412 ' be used to the overcome frictional force of caused by relative motion between lower mass piece 413 and the barycenter mass block 412.
Second kind of mass block structure, referring to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, Fig. 8 is the TMD overall structure schematic representation of second kind of mass block structure, Fig. 9 is the axial sectional view of second kind of mass block structure.
As shown in the figure, described mass block 41 ' form by core mass block 415 and external mass piece 416, wherein, the axial cross section of core mass block 415 is shaped as big end down stepped shaft, external mass piece 416 is a ring structure, and described annular exterior mass block 416 is sleeved on the outside of core mass block 415 top Cylindrical objects; Described mass block assembly 4 also comprises and also comprises several springs 43 along the uniform setting of outer surface of external mass piece 416 "; Described several springs 43 " two ends fixedly connected with pylon 8 internal surfaces with described external mass piece 416 outer surfaces respectively.
Further, the upper surface of described core mass block 415 lower step is provided with several along the circumferential direction uniform lubricated balls 46 ".
Similar to the working principle of first kind of mass block structure, described annular exterior mass block 416 also can only be done the straight-line displacement of different direction with roller or slide block in limit guide rail 6, the lubricated ball 46 that is provided with on the upper surface of core mass block 415 lower step " is used to overcome the frictional force of caused by relative motion between core mass block 415 and the external mass piece 416.
The third mass block structure, referring to Figure 10, this figure is the TMD overall structure schematic representation of the third mass block structure.As shown in the drawing, the difference of it and first and second kind mass block structure is that described mass block 41-1 is the container of contain fluid, i.e. liquid quality piece (TLD), this container be sealing and internal liquid be half full state.This structure further realizes the purpose that the power consumption control is shaken by liquid in container in the non-wave vibration that is full of enclosed space.
The 4th kind of mass block structure, referring to Figure 11, this figure is the TMD overall structure schematic representation of the 4th kind of mass block structure.As shown in the drawing, described mass block 41-2 also is the liquid quality piece, but different with the third mass block structure is, the loam cake of this container has liquid filling hole 41-2-1, and the liquid in the described container is that full state and described loam cake can move up and down with the lifting of liquid level.This programme can be in not occasions with limited application of structure space, liquid filling hole 41-2-1 can be communicated with liquid injection system, by the frequency of real-time monitoring external load, the injection of controlling liquid or extraction can realize in a wide frequency range accurately to obtain the mass block of changeable weight as required.
Especially, based on the vibration damping base reason of MTMD, the utility model also provides the technological scheme of a kind of MTMD.Referring to Figure 12, this figure is the overall structure schematic representation of the MTMD that provides of the utility model.As shown in the drawing, described platform 1, rotary regulator 2, mass block assembly 4 and limit guide rail 6 are several, from top to bottom set gradually; Described each rotating disk drive assembly 22 of power plant 3 Driven by Coaxial, wherein, several driving gears are coaxial fixing with transmission shaft 9 respectively, through same power plant 3 Driven by Coaxial, guarantee the synchronization of each rotating disk.When conceptual design, can adopt the MTMD decentralized control structure according to actual conditions, can utilize the relation in space by balance TMD mass block volume, stroke and pylon inside, optimize the quantity of TMD.Wherein, parameters such as mass block quality, spring rate and the damping parameter of each TMD need be determined according to the excitation frequency band scope of reality, thereby effectively controlled the interior tower oscillation of frequency band range that the wind wheel rotation is produced.
In addition, on platform 1, have leader cable perforation 12, at the bottom of the leader cable 81 of controlled wind-driven generator hung down to tower by leader cable perforation 12 along tower, leader cable perforation 12 should have enough spaces, and leader cable 81 can the space is too small break because of reversing when guaranteeing the cabin driftage; Same as the prior art, on the sidewall of pylon 8, be welded with the anti-collision protection device 82 of leader cable; Also have cat ladder perforation 13 on platform 1, cat ladder 83 is weldingly fixed on the sidewall of pylon 8 of this position, is used for the maintainer and operates the computer.Certainly, for the stress distribution that makes platform 1 is more even, should arrange leader cable perforation 12 and cat ladder perforation 13 according to concrete operating mode.
Be to briefly introducing that the technology point of the utility model installation process is done below:
1, rotating disk 21, limit guide rail 6, driving gear 221, speed reducer 32 and drive motor 31 are in place, and take interim measures and fixed, make it in the hoisting process of tower tube, not do relative movement.
2, with whole TMD mass block assembled in series, be locked with safetied pin 45, roller or slide block and damper 5 are installed in the bottom, and the whole a certain position of packing and being temporarily fixed at tower tube inside of these parts.
3, treat that top drum tube lifting puts in place, after flange connects, disconnect all temporary fixed measures, roller or slide block are placed in the straight-line guidance groove 61 of limit guide rail 6, the piston rod 52 with damper 5 is fixed on the attached seat 10 at limit guide rail 6 two ends again; At this moment, the damping modulating valve 53 of damper 5 is adjusted to the damping maximum position, vertical boom 44 axis are overlapped with the tower medial axis.
4, finish the location after, mounting spring 43.Per two symmetrically arranged springs 43 that are on the same straight line assemble simultaneously, are a meter font assembling until eight springs 43 and finish.
5, last basis seasonal characteristic and wind conditions at that time is transferred to theoretical position with the modulating valve 53 of damper 5, and so far, the whole erection process finishes.
For the installation of MTMD, need the tower tube in the process of processing and fabricating, to place each TMD.After bottom TMD installed, the platform 1 above it was welded in sealing again, finished until TMD installation topmost; Equally, for each TMD, all after putting in place, the lifting of tower tube carries out the assembling of spring 43 again.
In sum, during the blower fan proper functioning, the direction of facining the wind is over against fan blade rotation plane, place, and this moment TMD moving direction perpendicular to the blade plane of rotation, therefore wind direction is exactly that TMD is controlled the moving direction of shaking, so in theory having guaranteed that TMD is controlled towards the direction motion of the wind comes from all the time shakes, i.e. the shake kinematic relation of direction zero degree angle of wind direction and control, and the control effect of shaking just reaches best.Because wind direction itself is a change at random, when wind shift, for the quality that guarantees to generate electricity, the blower fan cabin can be along with the wind deflection subtend, the engine room inside control system will be sent the driftage rotation signal this moment, and this signal is transferred to drive motor 31, and the power of drive motor 31 slows down through speed reducer 32, finally drive rotatable fluted disc rotation with a velocity ratio, guarantee that the rotating speed of rotating disk is consistent with the blower fan cabin by the driving gear that connects speed reducer.Show by theoretical calculation, rationally regulate quality, rigidity and the damping of tuned mass damper, when the structure tip displacement being reduced to do not have control below 15%.
Because the rotating disk of TMD device keeps rotation synchronously with the cabin all the time, therefore when the cabin is in a new upwind position, TMD still can the zero angle direction to wind control shake, that is, and the variation of the box haul principle that comprehensive control is shaken in 360 ° of scopes.
The above only is a preferred implementation of the present utility model; should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model principle; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (17)

1, a kind of tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan is characterized in that, comprising:
At least one platform is fixed on the inwall of pylon;
At least one rotary regulator comprises:
Rotating disk is arranged on the top of described platform,
The rotating disk drive assembly is fixedly installed on the described platform and drives described rotating disk and rotates,
The revolution supporting part is arranged between described rotating disk and the platform;
Power plant are fixedly installed on the described platform and its power exports the rotating disk drive assembly to;
At least one mass block assembly is arranged on the rotating disk, and this assembly comprises:
Mass block,
At least two mass block support devices, left and right symmetry are fixed on the lower surface of mass block;
At least one damper, the cylinder body of described damper is fixedlyed connected with the lower surface of mass block, and the termination of the piston rod of described damper is fixed on the rotating disk.
2, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 1 is characterized in that, comprises that also at least one has the limit guide rail of straight-line guidance groove, is fixedly installed on the rotating disk of described mass block below; The lower end of described mass block support device places also can be along this limit guide rail straight-line displacement in the described straight-line guidance groove.
3, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described platform, rotary regulator, mass block assembly and limit guide rail are several, from top to bottom set gradually; Each rotating disk drive assembly of described power plant Driven by Coaxial.
4, according to the described tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan of each claim in the claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, described mass block assembly also comprises several springs, and described mass block is made up of top mass block, barycenter mass block and lower mass piece and is from top to bottom set gradually; Fixedly connected with the pylon internal surface with described barycenter mass block outer surface respectively in the two ends of described several springs, and along the uniform setting of the outer surface of barycenter mass block.
5, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described mass block assembly also comprises vertical boom, and fixedly connected with the lower mass piece in the lower end of described vertical boom and the middle part of described vertical boom is provided with cross struts; Described top mass block and barycenter mass block are sleeved on the described vertical boom and put upper and lower both sides in institute's cross struts respectively.
6, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described mass block assembly also comprises safetied pin, described top mass block and lower mass piece are formed by discoid quality sheet, and described safetied pin is installed on from the end of the vertical boom of top mass block top.
7, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described cross struts is the Mi Zixing structure, has the Mi Zixing groove of ccontaining cross struts on the lower surface of described top mass block.
8, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 7 is characterized in that, is provided with several along the circumferential direction uniform lubricated balls between described lower mass piece and the barycenter mass block.
9, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 8 is characterized in that, described power plant comprise drive motor and speed reducer, and described rotating disk drive assembly is intermeshing driving gear and driven gear; Wherein, described driven gear is sleeved on the outside of described rotating disk, and described driving gear is fixedlyed connected with the output shaft of speed reducer, and the input shaft of described speed reducer is fixedlyed connected with the output shaft of drive motor.
10, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described revolution supporting part is several revolution balls, on the lower surface of the upper surface of described platform and described rotating disk, be relatively set with a circular groove and No. two circular grooves respectively, described several revolution balls be arranged in circular groove and No. two circular grooves and the distance between described platform upper surface and the disk lower surface less than the diameter of described revolution ball.
11, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described revolution supporting part is a pivoting support bearing, the inner ring of described pivoting support bearing is fixedlyed connected with the lower surface of rotating disk, fixedlys connected with the upper surface of platform in the outer ring of described pivoting support bearing.
12, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described mass block support device is a roller.
13, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described mass block support device is a slide block.
14, according to the described tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that the medium inlet of described damper is provided with the damping modulating valve.
According to the described tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that 15, described mass block assembly 4 also comprises several springs; Described mass block is made up of core mass block and external mass piece; Wherein, the axial cross section of core mass block is shaped as big end down stepped shaft, and the external mass piece is a ring structure, and described annular exterior mass block is sleeved on the outside of core mass block top Cylindrical object; Fixedly connected with the pylon internal surface with described external mass piece outer surface respectively in the two ends of described several springs, and along the uniform setting of the outer surface of external mass piece.
16, tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan according to claim 15 is characterized in that, the upper surface of described core mass block lower step is provided with several along the circumferential direction uniform lubricated balls.
According to the described tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for blower fan of arbitrary claim in the claim 9, it is characterized in that 17, described mass block is the container of contain fluid.
CNU200820058929XU 2008-05-21 2008-05-21 Tuning quality damper vibration damping control device for fan Expired - Lifetime CN201202591Y (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8123484B2 (en) 2011-02-04 2012-02-28 Vestas Wind Systems A/S Torsional dynamic damper for a wind turbine and method of using same
CN102561544A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-07-11 苏州云白环境设备制造有限公司 Vibration damper of chimney
CN103171744A (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-06-26 江苏金风科技有限公司 Offshore floating wind turbine foundation
CN103452768A (en) * 2012-05-28 2013-12-18 北京能高自动化技术股份有限公司 Fan tower load shedding method based on separated engine room
CN106895108A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-27 北京金风科创风电设备有限公司 Powered shock absorption device, pylon and wind power generating set
CN107514337A (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-12-26 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Control method, device and the wind power plant group control system of wind power generating set
CN109555653A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-02 陕西理工大学 A kind of wind-driven generator failure warning system based on GPS/GSM technology

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8123484B2 (en) 2011-02-04 2012-02-28 Vestas Wind Systems A/S Torsional dynamic damper for a wind turbine and method of using same
CN102561544A (en) * 2012-01-09 2012-07-11 苏州云白环境设备制造有限公司 Vibration damper of chimney
CN102561544B (en) * 2012-01-09 2014-05-14 苏州云白环境设备制造有限公司 Vibration damper of chimney
CN103452768A (en) * 2012-05-28 2013-12-18 北京能高自动化技术股份有限公司 Fan tower load shedding method based on separated engine room
CN103171744A (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-06-26 江苏金风科技有限公司 Offshore floating wind turbine foundation
CN103171744B (en) * 2013-03-29 2015-12-09 江苏金风科技有限公司 The marine blower foundation that floats
CN107514337A (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-12-26 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Control method, device and the wind power plant group control system of wind power generating set
CN107514337B (en) * 2016-06-17 2019-08-09 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Control method, device and the wind power plant group control system of wind power generating set
CN106895108A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-27 北京金风科创风电设备有限公司 Powered shock absorption device, pylon and wind power generating set
CN106895108B (en) * 2017-03-28 2019-06-18 北京金风科创风电设备有限公司 Powered shock absorption device, pylon and wind power generating set
CN109555653A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-02 陕西理工大学 A kind of wind-driven generator failure warning system based on GPS/GSM technology

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