CN201129076Y - Electronic lock core with clutch device and electronic lock system therewith - Google Patents

Electronic lock core with clutch device and electronic lock system therewith Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201129076Y
CN201129076Y CNU2007201813885U CN200720181388U CN201129076Y CN 201129076 Y CN201129076 Y CN 201129076Y CN U2007201813885 U CNU2007201813885 U CN U2007201813885U CN 200720181388 U CN200720181388 U CN 200720181388U CN 201129076 Y CN201129076 Y CN 201129076Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
core
groove
clutch
plate
electronics
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CNU2007201813885U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈炳辉
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陈炳辉
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Priority to CNU2007201813885U priority Critical patent/CN201129076Y/en
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Publication of CN201129076Y publication Critical patent/CN201129076Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an electronic lock core with a clutch device, including a mechanical rotating core, a rotor, a clutch disc, an electronic rotating core, a rotary table and an install disk; wherein, the rotor is arranged in the mechanical rotating core and the top of the rotor is provided with the clutch disc, on the top of which the electronic rotating core is arranged; the centers of the rotor, the clutch disc and the electronic rotating core are all provided with via holes; the inner part of the electronic rotating core are provided with an electric magnet and a electronic circuitry device; a contact fixation plate is arranged on the rotary table; the rotary clutch disc is arranged in the install disk. Meanwhile, the utility model discloses an electronic system of the electronic lock core, consisting of an electronic lock core, an electronic key and a lock case body; wherein, the electronic key includes a key bar and a key case body; the key bar is provided with a rotating guide groove; the inner cavity of the key bar is provided with electronic elastic contact; the key case body is provided with an integrated circuit. The system is simple in structure and great in safety performance. The key provides the requiring power source for opening the electronic lock core, thus reducing power consumption needed by electronic locks.

Description

A kind of with arrangement of clutch electronic lock cylinder and contain the electronic lock system of this electronic lock cylinder
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of electronic lock cylinder and contains the electronic lock system of this electronic lock cylinder, particularly a kind of electronic lock cylinder and electronic lock system with arrangement of clutch.
Background technology
Electronic lock mainly is divided into two big classes in the market, and a class is the electric lock of the self-powered power supply of lock body, and this lock has two big shortcomings: one, owing to have battery in the lock, regularly replace battery, so maintenance cost is very high.Two, because battery places in the lock body, the volume of lock is bigger, therefore can not be applied to as on the products such as padlock, case lock.There is not power supply in the lock body of another kind of electronic lock, provide lockset to open required power supply by key, this class is phase-locked to have reduced on volume above-mentioned electronic lock, but the electronic lock cylinder drive unit is often adopted the method for timing power supply, the method for cutting off the power supply after 5 to 10 seconds of for example powering continuously, this method is often wasted very big electric weight, not enough science reduces the number of times of key unlocking and the function singleness of key greatly, often, there are not other to stretch function only to lock core power supply and storage data.
The utility model content
In order to overcome defective of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of integrated level height, be applicable to that electronic environment and mechanism are simple, the electronic lock cylinder of the band arrangement of clutch that the pick-proof performance is fabulous, wherein key can be opened required power supply for lock core provides in opening process, and the power consumption of lock core is reduced; And have the function that prevents that key from use being extracted by accident, have the open record function simultaneously.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that a kind of electronic lock cylinder with arrangement of clutch, comprises that machinery changes core, rotor, rotor banding moving plate, clutch-plate, electronics commentaries on classics core, rotating disk, rotation clutch-plate and mounting disc; Described rotor is arranged on machinery to be changeed in the cavity of core, and can change in-core at machinery and rotate to an angle, have the block draw-in groove on the outer wall of described machinery commentaries on classics core, in the block draw-in groove block is set, the top that machinery changes core is provided with clutch-plate, described clutch-plate matches and makes both position relative fixed, the top of described clutch-plate that electronics is set with the outer rim of machinery commentaries on classics core changes core; The middle part of rotor and clutch-plate is provided with the through hole that wears the rotor banding moving plate, and the rotor banding moving plate is fixed in electronics to be changeed in the slot of core; The inside that electronics changes core is provided with electromagnet and electronic circuit device, electromagnet is connected with electronic circuit device, circuit chip and storage chip are set on the described electronic circuit device, one end of electronic circuit device is drawn electronic contact, described electronic contact is fixed by the contact stator, above the stator of described contact rotating disk is set, and described rotating disk changes core with electronics and matches, above the described rotating disk mounting disc is set, described rotation clutch-plate is embedded in the mounting disc.
Further, the end that described machinery changes core is a circular cavity, rotor is set in the circular cavity, one section of machinery commentaries on classics core cavity wall protrudes from other parts, form the arc limited block, the middle part of described arc limited block has the block draw-in groove, in the described block draw-in groove block is set, and has groove on the cavity wall relative with the arc limited block;
Described rotor is that outer wall is provided with reeded cylinder, the shape of groove adapts with the shape that machinery changes core block draw-in groove, described rotor is arranged on machinery to be changeed in the cavity of core, and described centre of rotor portion is provided with square through hole, is provided with in the square through hole can drive the rotor rotor rotated and drive sheet;
Described clutch-plate is to have the cylindricality ring that has annular groove on central through hole and the sidewall, the shape of described annular groove adapts with shape and size that machinery changes the arc limited block of core, the annular groove of clutch-plate is stuck in machinery just to be changeed on the arc limited block of core, both are closely cooperated and relative fixed, the middle part indent of clutch-plate annular groove forms the groove A that a block draw-in groove on the arc limited block with machinery commentaries on classics core adapts, the block draw-in groove of described groove A and arc limited block central authorities is arranged on same position, and described clutch-plate is provided with the electromagnetic core hole clipping;
It is the interior round cylinder of cavity that be that described electronics changes core, and described electronics changes core and is arranged on above the clutch-plate and with the arc limited block of machinery commentaries on classics core and cooperates installation, can coaxial rotation in certain angle; Described electronics changes core and is connected with clutch-plate and has groove C on the outer rim of holding, described groove C indent forms the block groove, the arc length of described groove C is greater than the arc length of arc limited block, the arc limited block can be rotatablely moved in groove C, it should end central authorities be cylindrical protrusions that electronics changes core, described cylindrical protrusions is plugged in the central through hole of clutch-plate, the center of cylindrical protrusions is provided with rotor banding moving plate slot, and the rotor banding moving plate is arranged in rotor through hole, clutch-plate central through hole and electronics to be changeed in the rotor banding moving plate slot of core; In the described electronics commentaries on classics core cavity electromagnet and electronic circuit device are set, described electromagnet is relative with the electromagnetic core hole clipping on the clutch-plate; The other end that described electronics changes core has groove A, and contact fixing plate is fixedly mounted on electronics changes on this end of core, and the outer rim of contact fixing plate is stuck in the groove A; Described rotating disk is the torus that small one and large one two annulus of internal diameter same outer diameter as are formed, the end outer rim shape that external diameter is bigger is identical with contact fixing plate, described rotating disk is arranged on the contact fixing plate, and the outer rim of rotating disk is stuck in electronics changes in the groove A of core, changes core with electronics and matches;
Described machinery commentaries on classics core, rotor, clutch-plate, electronics change core, rotating disk is coaxial.
Described rotor is also to be provided with projection on the outer wall, described epitrochanterian projection is positioned at the groove that machinery changes core, and can rotatablely move along groove, when the block draw-in groove of epitrochanterian groove and machinery commentaries on classics core was in same position, the projection of rotor touched with the cell wall side edge that machinery commentaries on classics core cavity wall leaves.
Preferably, also be provided with optoelectronic switch on the described electronics commentaries on classics core, the light reflection hole is set on the clutch-plate, when electronics changeed the core rotation, described optoelectronic switch can be relative with the light reflection hole.
Another purpose of the present utility model provides a kind of electronic lock system with arrangement of clutch, comprises described electronic lock cylinder, electron key and lock housing body;
Described electron key comprises key bar and key housing;
The middle and upper part of described key bar is disposed radially the rotation guide groove, and the width of described rotation guide groove is greater than the thickness of described rotation clutch-plate, and the head outer wall of described key bar axially is provided with guide groove, and described guide groove is opened to joining with the rotation guide groove; The electronics resilient contact is set in the inner chamber of described key bar; When unblanking, described electron key is inserted in the electronic lock cylinder, and the electronic contact in the electronics resilient contact of electron key and the electronic lock cylinder is communicated with;
In the described key housing integrated circuit is set, the electronics resilient contact in integrated circuit and the key bar is connected by lead; It is the integrated circuit power supply that battery is set in the key housing;
One end of described lock housing body has lock core mounting hole, and it is that inclined-plane one side is the inclined plane groove of facing directly that a side is set on the lock core mounting hole inwall, on the lock housing body at lock core mounting hole top kelly is set;
Described electronic lock cylinder is arranged in the lock core mounting hole of lock housing body.
Preferably, the rotation clutch-plate of described electronic lock cylinder is an annulus, on the inwall of annulus guide block is set, rotation fixture block on described guide block and the rotating disk is on same straight line, this straight line is parallel with the axis of electronic lock cylinder, on the outer wall of rotation clutch-plate locating piece is set, has the locating slot that adapts with described locating piece on the described mounting disc inwall; Described rotation clutch-plate places in the mounting disc, and described locating piece is positioned at locating slot, when unblanking, and guide groove on the key bar and guide block relative insert of rotation on the clutch-plate, described guide block slips in the rotation guide groove of key bar along guide groove.
Preferably, the guide block on the described rotation clutch-plate inwall is one.
As preferably, the guide block on the described rotation clutch-plate inwall is two, on the symmetrical or asymmetric annular inner wall that is arranged at the rotation clutch-plate, and the number of the guide groove on the described key bar and the corresponding setting in position and guide block.
As preferably, described electronic lock cylinder contact fixing plate comprises the disk of being with groove and is arranged on the projection at disk middle part, has groove B on the lateral wall of described projection; Be provided with and the corresponding projection of groove B on the end inwall of the key bar of described electron key, when key bar insertion electronic lock cylinder was unblanked, the projection on the key bar was positioned at the groove B of contact fixing plate.
As preferably, the shape any regular of the projection of described contact fixing plate or irregularly shaped, the shape of key bar inner chamber adapts with it, and the inner chamber of key bar and projection match to merge and can drive the contact fixing plate rotation.
The outer wall that described machinery changes core radially has cannelure, in the described cannelure waterproof apron is set.
As further improvement, on the described electron key housing LCDs is set, button is set on the housing sidewall.
As preferably, the optoelectronic switch that described electronics changes in-core can replace with Hall element.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, the utility model integrated level height is applicable to that electronic environment uses, and simple in structure, and the pick-proof performance is fabulous.
2, electronic lock cylinder structure of the present utility model can prevent key in use accident extract, provide electronic lock cylinder to open required power supply by key, reduce the maintenance cost of lockset greatly, the required power consumption of electronic lock cylinder is reduced.
3, the utility model can be applicable to as case lock and the less lockset of padlock class volume.
4, the utility model is when not changing traditional habitual movement of unblanking, and a kind of Intelligent key with hommization is provided, and makes things convenient for the user to understand the mode of occupation and the controlled state of key more intuitively.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model electronic lock cylinder overall structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the utility model electron key overall structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the utility model electron key internal construction schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the utility model electronic lock cylinder exploded view.
Fig. 5 is the utility model electronic lock cylinder other direction exploded view.
Fig. 6 is applied to structural representation in the padlock for the utility model electronic lock cylinder.
Fig. 7 is applied to structural representation in the case lock for the utility model electronic lock cylinder.
Fig. 8 is in the sectional view of the state of shutting for the utility model electronic lock cylinder is installed in the lock housing body.
Fig. 9 is in the sectional view of half-open lock state for the utility model electronic lock cylinder is installed in the lock housing body.
Figure 10 is the utility model electronic lock cylinder and is installed in the lock housing body, is in the sectional view of complete unlocking condition.
Figure 11 is the decomposing schematic representation of the electronic lock cylinder of the utility model contact fixing plate band groove.
Figure 12 is the key bar structural representation of the utility model band projection.
Figure 13 changes the structural representation that core and rotor and clutch-plate are installed togather for the utility model machinery.
Figure 14 changes the structural representation that core and miscellaneous part are combined for the utility model electronics.
The accompanying drawing sign
1-lock housing body 2-lock core mounting hole 3-inclined plane groove 4-kelly 5-groove
6-spring 7-waterproof apron 8-cannelure 9-machinery changes core
10-spring mounting hole 11-circular cavity 12-arc limited block 13-block
14-block draw-in groove 15-rotor 16-groove 17-projection 18-square through hole
19-rotor banding moving plate 20-clutch-plate 21-annular groove 22-central through hole
23-electromagnetic core hole clipping 24-light reflection hole 25-electronics changes core 26-cylindrical protrusions
27-rotor banding moving plate slot 28-groove C 29-block groove
31-groove A 32-electronics changes core cavity 34-electronic circuit device 35-circuit chip
36-storage chip 37-optoelectronic switch 38-electromagnet 39-electromagnetic core
40-electronic contact 41-insulating trip 42-circular hole 43-contact fixing plate
44-fixing hole 45-cylinder 46-rotating disk 47-fixed groove
Annulus 51-rotation clutch-plate in the 48-key through hole 49-rotation fixture block 50-
The 54 cavity 55-mounting discs of 52-locating piece 53-guide block
57-locating slot 59 lock core fixed screw 60-key bar 61-guide grooves
62-rotation guide groove 63-electronics resilient contact 65-contact fixed insulation post
67-key bar fixing hole 69-key housing 70-LCDs
71-key brace 72-button 73-padlock body 74-integrated circuit
76-battery 79-lock ring 80-case lock lock body 83-dead bolt
84-dead bolt installing hole 85-screw 86-groove B 87-projection
88-groove A 89-sidewall A 90-sidewall B 91-sidewall C
92-sidewall D 93-sidewall E 94-sidewall F 95-steel ball
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail, but not as to qualification of the present utility model.
Be illustrated in figure 1 as each unit construction of the utility model electronic lock cylinder overall structure schematic diagram together, described electronic lock cylinder is installed in the electronic lock cylinder installing hole 2 (in conjunction with Fig. 6), mounting disc 55 is fixed on the lock housing body 1 by lock core fixed screw 59, in the process of switch lock, mounting disc 55 and rotation clutch-plate 51 do not rotate with electronic lock cylinder.
As Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, described electronic lock cylinder comprises that machinery changes core 9, rotor 15, clutch-plate 20, electronics commentaries on classics core 25, electronic circuit device 34, insulating trip 41, rotating disk 46, rotation clutch-plate 51 and mounting disc 55; Machinery commentaries on classics core 9, clutch-plate 20, electronics change core 25, insulating trip 41 is identical with the external diameter of rotating disk 46.It is much the same with the commentaries on classics core of existing standard machinery lock core of padlock that described machinery changes core 9, the end that machinery changes core 9 is a circular cavity 11, rotor 15 is set in the circular cavity 11, one section of machinery commentaries on classics core 9 cavity walls protrudes from other parts, form arc limited block 12, have block draw-in groove 14 in the middle part of arc limited block 12, block 13 is set in the block draw-in groove 14.Have groove 5 on the cavity wall, the other end shape that machinery changes core 9 is not to be determinate, can have tangent plane or groove, to cooperate different rotational structures; Have spring mounting hole 10 described rotors 15 are provided with groove 16 and projection 17 for outer wall cylinder on the other end of machinery commentaries on classics core 9, the shape of groove 16 adapts with the shape that machinery changes core 9 block draw-in grooves 14, described epitrochanterian projection 17 is positioned at the groove 5 that machinery changes core, and can rotatablely move along groove 5, when the groove on the rotor 15 16 was in same position with the mechanical block draw-in groove 14 that changes core 9, the projection 17 of rotor 15 is against machinery to be changeed on the sidewall of the groove of opening on the core cavity wall 5; The central part of described rotor 15 is provided with square through hole 18, is provided with in the square through hole 18 to drive rotor 15 rotor rotated drive sheet 19.
As shown in figure 13, described clutch-plate 20 is for having the cylindricality ring that has annular groove 21 on central through hole 22 and the sidewall, the shape of described annular groove 21 adapts with shape and size that machinery changes the arc limited block 12 of core 9, the annular groove 21 of described clutch-plate 20 is stuck in machinery just to be changeed on the arc limited block 12 of core 9, both are closely cooperated and relative fixed, the middle part indent of clutch-plate annular groove 21 forms a groove A 31 who adapts with the mechanical block draw-in groove 14 that changes on the core arc limited block 12, described groove A 31 is arranged on same position with the block draw-in groove 14 at arc limited block 12 middle parts, the external diameter of described clutch-plate 20 is identical with the external diameter that machinery changes core 9, and light reflection hole 24 and electromagnetic core hole clipping 23 are set on the clutch-plate 20; Above-mentioned two holes can be through hole or blind hole, electromagnetic core hole clipping 23 is used to locate the electromagnetic core 39 in the electromagnet 38 that is arranged in the electronics commentaries on classics core 25, when being in when shutting state, electromagnet iron core 39 embeds in the electromagnetic core hole clipping 23, making 39 pairs of electronics of electromagnetic core change core 25 plays a part spacing, electronics changes core 25 and just can not rotate, when unblanking, key provides electric energy for electronic lock cylinder, the unlocking authority of electronic lock cylinder identification key, after authorized, because electromagnet 38 and electronic circuit device 34 are connected by lead, electronic circuit device 34 is to electromagnet 38 output driving currents, electromagnet 38 work make electromagnetic core 39 produce downward pulling force and break away from electromagnetic core hole clipping 23, making electronics change core 25 can turn clockwise, and in the electronic lock cylinder rotary course, optoelectronic switch 37 is relative with light reflection hole 24, cause optoelectronic switch 37 work, make the optoelectronic switch that is connected on the electronic circuit device 34 be in normal opening, thereby make the electromagnet outage, play the effect of saving electric energy.When shutting, after electromagnet 38 outages, electromagnetic core 39 produces resiliences and changes the rotation of core 25 and slide on clutch-plate with electronics, since shut state lower electromagnet core 39 be with clutch-plate 20 on electromagnetic core hole clipping 23 vertical corresponding, so electromagnetic core 39 will inevitably fall back in the electromagnetic core hole clipping 23 in the process that shuts, the home position that promptly shuts.
It is the interior round cylinders of cavity that are that described electronics changes core 25, electronics changes core 25 and is arranged on above the clutch-plate 20, and the arc limited block 12 that changes core 9 with machinery cooperates installation, described electronics changes core 25 and is connected with clutch-plate 20 and has groove C 28 on the outer rim of holding, described groove C 28 indents form block groove 29, the arc length of described groove C28 can rotatablely move arc limited block 12 greater than the arc length of arc limited block 12 in groove C28; This end middle part that electronics changes core 25 is a cylindrical protrusions 26, as shown in figure 14, described cylindrical protrusions 26 is plugged in the central through hole 22 of clutch-plate 20, the center of cylindrical protrusions 26 is provided with rotor banding moving plate slot 27, in the rotor banding moving plate slot 27 rotor banding moving plate 19 is set, and rotor banding moving plate 19 passes clutch-plate central through hole 22, is inserted in the square through hole 18 of rotor 15; In the described electronics commentaries on classics core cavity 32 electromagnet 38 is set, optoelectronic switch 37 (can replace with Hall element as improving or substitute described optoelectronic switch 37, and be a magnet to be installed on the clutch-plate 20 get final product in the position of the corresponding effect of Hall element) and electronic circuit device 34, circuit chip 35 and storage chip 36 are set on the described electronic circuit device 34, one end of electronic circuit device 34 is drawn electronic contact 40, the other end that electronics changes core 25 has two groove opposite, and described insulating trip 41 is fixedly mounted on electronics with contact fixing plate 43 to be changeed on core 25 these ends; Contact fixing plate 43 comprises one and has the disk of groove and the cylinder 45 vertical with disk, cylinder 45 is positioned at a middle side part of disk, 41 pairs of lock core contacts of described insulating trip are play a part fixing and insulation, insulating trip 41 fits together closely with contact fixing plate 43, and the fixing hole 44 that makes the electronic contact 40 that passes insulating trip 41 pass contact fixing plate 43 is fixed on the contact fixing plate 43.Described insulating trip 41 can replace with insulation sleeve or other parts that can play insulating effect.The shape that only needs the fixing hole 44 on the contact fixing plate 43 matches with the shape of lock core contact and position and gets final product.
Described rotating disk 46 is the torus that small one and large one two annulus of internal diameter same outer diameter as are formed, the end outer rim shape that external diameter is bigger is identical with contact fixing plate 43, be to have fixed groove 47 on the sidewall, and match with contact fixing plate 43, (described rotating disk 46 can be made one with contact stator 43) internal diameter of rotating disk 46 is slightly larger than the external diameter of key bar 60, so that key bar 60 can penetrate in the electronic lock cylinder at an easy rate, radial symmetric is provided with two rotation fixture blocks 49 on described rotating disk 46 inwalls, the effect of rotation fixture block 49 is to be identified can open lock core the time at electron key, rotation fixture block 49 is stuck in the guide groove 61 of key bar 60, thereby the key rotation can drive rotating disk 46 rotations, and then the drive electronic lock cylinder rotates, and when shutting, under the effect of key bar 60 revolving forces, drive whole electronic lock cylinder and get back to the home position, as a kind of improvement of the present utility model, rotation fixture block 49 on the described rotating disk 46 can be one, also can reach identical effect.
Described rotation clutch-plate 51 is an annulus, be symmetrical arranged two guide blocks 53 on the inwall of annulus, rotation fixture block 49 on described guide block 53 and the rotating disk 46 is on same straight line, this straight line is parallel with the axis of electronic lock cylinder, be symmetrical arranged two locating pieces 52 on the outer wall of rotation clutch-plate 51, described mounting disc 55 is an annulus, have on the inwall of annulus and rotate the locating slot 57 that the locating piece 52 on clutch-plate 51 outer walls adapts, rotation clutch-plate 51 is arranged in the cavity 54 of mounting disc 55, locating piece 52 is embedded in the locating slot 57, and described rotation clutch-plate 51 can be made one with mounting disc 55.Annulus 50 is pressed on the rotation clutch-plate 51 that is installed in the mounting disc 55 in the rotating disk 46.The head outer wall of described key bar 60 axially is provided with guide groove 61, and guide groove 61 is corresponding with guide block 53 on rotation clutch-plate 51 inwalls.When unblanking, guide groove 61 on the key bar 60 is relative with the guide block 53 of rotation on the clutch-plate 51, key could insert, when being inserted into the lock core bottom, described guide block 53 slips in the rotation guide groove 62 of key bar 60, when key bar 60 unblanks to rotate along guide groove 61, when the very little angle of key rotation, because the existence of guide block 53, key bar 60 just can not arbitrarily be extracted in electronic lock cylinder, has only when key bar rotates to initial position again and just can extract.As a kind of improvement of the present utility model, the guide block 53 on the described commentaries on classics clutch-plate 51 also can be one, and 61 on the described key bar 60 also is one simultaneously, and described locating piece 52 also can be one.
As shown in figure 11,, can cancel the rotation fixture block 49 on rotating disk 46 inwalls, or not cancel said structure and following structure is set simultaneously, promptly on the cylindrical lateral wall of described contact fixing plate 43, have groove B 86 as a kind of improvement of the present utility model; Change 53 position simultaneously, and it is vertical corresponding with groove B 86, as shown in figure 12, be provided with and described groove B 86 corresponding projection A 87 on the end inwall of described key bar 60, when key bar inserts mounting disc, projection A 87 on the key bar 60 snaps in the groove B 86 of contact fixing plate 43, thereby key can drive the electronic lock cylinder rotation.
As further improvement of the utility model, the outer wall that described machinery changes core 9 radially has cannelure 8, in the described cannelure 8 waterproof apron 7 is set, and anti-sealing enters.
The electronic lock cylinder of the electronic lock system of the utility model band arrangement of clutch is arranged in the lock core mounting hole 2 of lock housing body 1, on the lock housing body 1 at lock core mounting hole 2 tops kelly 4 is set, 4 pairs of machineries of kelly change 9 position-limiting actions of core, kelly 4 and machinery change in the relative position of core 9 and the existing machinery lock core that the position is set is identical, spacing principle is also identical.It is that inclined-plane one side is the inclined plane groove of facing directly 3 (with reference to Fig. 8) that one side is set on lock core mounting hole 2 inwalls.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, described electron key comprises key bar 60, key housing 69 and key brace 71, key housing 69 is fixedly installed on the key brace 71, described key bar 60 is installed on the key brace 71 by key bar fixing hole 67, the middle and upper part of described key bar 60 is disposed radially rotation guide groove 62, the rotation guide groove 62 of described key bar 60 has two guide grooves 61 vertically to the sidewall of end this section key bar of key bar 60, when key bar 60 is inserted in the mounting disc 55 of electronic lock cylinder, guide groove 61 on the key bar 60 is aimed at the guide block 53 on rotation clutch-plate 51 inwalls, guide block 53 slips into rotation guide groove 62 along guide groove 61, (described guide groove 61 also can be one, corresponding described guide block 53 also is one) rotation clutch-plate 51 is stuck in the rotation guide groove 62 of key bar 60 just, key can not arbitrarily be extracted in the process of unblanking.Electronics resilient contact 63 is set in the inner chamber of key bar 60; Electronics resilient contact 63 is fixed in the key housing by contact fixed insulation post 65, and electronics resilient contact 63 is communicated with the electronic contact 40 of electronic lock cylinder by circular hole 42 and the fixing hole 44 on the contact fixing plate 43 on the electronic lock cylinder insulating trip 41 in the process of unblanking.In the described key housing 69 integrated circuit 74 is set, battery 76 is set in the housing is integrated circuit 74 power supplies; Be provided with key cipher in the integrated circuit 74; Preset the password of electron key unlocking electronic lock core in the electronic circuit device 34, in the time of in electron key is inserted into electronic lock cylinder, power supply in the electron key and key cipher signal are connected with electronic contact 40 on the electronic lock cylinder electronic circuit device 34 by the electronics resilient contact 63 on the key bar 60, constitute a complete Circuits System.Electronic circuit device 34 adopts the basic functional principle the same with existing electronic lock in the electronic lock cylinder, and it has the function of identification key cipher, after confirming that key cipher correctly, electronic circuit device 34 to electromagnet 38 output driving currents to make its work.
As a kind of improvement of the present utility model, on the described key housing 69 LCDs 70 is set, can show information and certain operations function that key writes down.Can various combination functions be set according to mode of occupation when function setting, the user can be easy to obtain the various use information of key in the middle of using like this, the using and managing of Key.On described key housing 69 sidewalls button 72 is set, can carries out the use setting of feature operation and observation key key.
Below application of the present utility model and operating principle are further described.
As shown in Figure 6, for being applied to the utility model in the padlock, it among Fig. 6 present the most frequently used pad lock structure, the switch of lock is by the rotation of mechanical lock, make steel ball 95 flexible, realization is blocked lock ring 79 and is thrown off, reach the function of switch lock, 73 is padlock body among the figure, the lower end of padlock body 73 is provided with lock core mounting hole 2, the upper end of padlock body 73 is provided with lock ring 79, on the padlock body 73 at lock core mounting hole 2 tops kelly 4 is set, and it is that inclined-plane one side is the inclined plane groove of facing directly 3 (with reference to Fig. 9) that a side is set on lock core mounting hole 2 inwalls.For close-fitting is installed, the machinery of electronic lock cylinder end changes core 9 and is connected with spring 6, mounting disc 55 compresses in the utility model mounted lock core in lock core mounting hole 2, and be fixed in by lock core fixed screw 59 in the lock core mounting hole 2 of padlock body 73, rotation clutch-plate 51 is embedded in the mounting disc 55, and other parts of electronic lock cylinder place in the lock core mounting hole 2, and can rotate at lock core mounting hole 2.Shutting under the state, lock core mounting hole 2 sidewalls that are provided with steel ball 95 1 sides contact with the outer rim that machinery changes core 9, machinery changes core 9 steel ball 95 is ejected, lock ring 79 is blocked, make lock be in closed condition, as shown in Figure 8, this moment, the groove of described rotor 15 changeed the block draw-in groove 14 of core 9 not on same position with machinery, just machinery changes core 9 and can not form a room that can hold block 13 with rotor 15, block 13 is ejected the inclined plane groove 3 that is positioned on lock core mounting hole 2 sidewalls, the projection 17 of rotor 15 contacts with the sidewall A 89 that machinery changes the groove 5 of core 9, the sidewall E 93 that electronics changes the groove C 28 of core 25 contacts with the sidewall F 94 that machinery changes the arc limited block 12 of core 9, when needs are opened lock, with guide groove on the key bar 60 of electron key 61 and the guide block 53 that rotates on the clutch-plate 51, rotation fixture block 49 on the rotating disk 46 is inserted in the mounting disc 55 relatively, the guide block 53 of the rotation clutch-plate 51 in the mounting disc 55 slips in the rotation guide groove 62 of key bar 60 along guide groove 61, the very little angle of key bar 60 rotations, because the existence of guide block 53, key bar 60 just can not arbitrarily be extracted in electronic lock cylinder, the end of key bar 60 is inserted in the rotating disk 46, and the guide groove on the key bar 60 61 blocks the rotation fixture block 49 on the rotating disk 46, elasticity get an electric shock 63 with electronic lock cylinder in electronic contact 40 corresponding contacts, promptly connected the power supply in key and the lock core, at first the electronic circuit device in the electronic lock cylinder 34 is discerned the password of keys, if password correctly then electronic circuit device 34 sends current signal to electromagnet 38, electromagnet 38 work produce pulling force down and break away from original position, thereby make electronics change core 25 clockwise direction rotation in the past, so electron key will drive rotating disk 46 and rotate when clockwise direction rotates, because changeing core 25 with electronics, rotating disk 46 matches, and being stuck in electronics changes in the groove A 88 that opens on the core, rotates together so rotating disk 46 drives electronics commentaries on classics core 25.Because the arc length of groove C 28 is greater than arc limited block 12, when so electronics commentaries on classics core 25 past opposite directions with arc limited block 12 contacted sidewalls are moved, to not drive machinery and change core 9 rotations, rotate to clockwise direction and only drive rotor 15, when the sidewall C 91 of the groove C 28 that rotates to electronic lock cylinder 25 contacts with the sidewall D 92 of the arc limited block 12 of machinery commentaries on classics core 9, the projection 17 of rotor 15 is against machinery to be changeed on the sidewall B of groove 5 of core 9, the block groove 29 of while electronic lock cylinder 25, when the block draw-in groove 14 that rotor recesses 16 is changeed core 9 with machinery simultaneously is in same position, as shown in Figure 9, can form a room that holds block 13 this moment, as long as continue toward the clockwise direction rotation, because the position of inclined plane groove 3 effect, block 13 falls in the room very naturally, at this moment continue to turn clockwise, electronics changes core 25 will drive 9 rotations of machinery commentaries on classics core, when rotating to position shown in Figure 10, because the rotation that 4 pairs of machineries of kelly change core 9 plays position-limiting action, lock core can not be again toward turning clockwise, the concave surface of the core 9 of machinery commentaries on classics simultaneously is relative with the one side that is provided with steel ball 95, make steel ball 95 retractions, lock ring is lost grab, lock ring just can be pulled out in lock body, promptly finishes the action of unblanking.
It is opposite with the process of unblanking to shut process.Key to the opposite spin of unblanking, is rotated to initial position, key could be extracted.Electron key does not need circuit to confirm the authority and the drive magnet work of electron key to rotation counterclockwise, that is to say that unblanking with key cipher correctly is condition, and shut other conditions that need not, only need toward rotation counterclockwise, after electromagnet 38 dead electricity, the screen resilience of electromagnetic core 39 drops in the electromagnetic core hole clipping 23 it automatically in the process of circling round, key promptly can be extracted in the promptly original position that shuts.
As shown in Figure 7, for being applied to the utility model in the case lock, just padlock body 73 changes case lock lock body 80 into, machinery changes the shape of core 9 bottom lock core mounting hole and adapts, on the case lock lock body 80 dead bolt 83 is set, dead bolt 83 1 ends are provided with dead bolt installing hole 84, and screw 85 passes dead bolt installing hole 84 dead bolt 83 is fixed on the case lock lock body 80, kelly 4 is set on the dead bolt 83, is used for its position-limiting action of electronic lock cylinder.Screw 59 is fixed on mounting disc 55 in the case lock body.All the other structures are identical with padlock, and operating principle is also identical, below operating principle is briefly described as follows:
The state of shutting is a reset condition, as shown in Figure 8.
At first when inserting in the lock core without any key, as shown in Figure 8, on the one hand because the effect of kelly 4, machinery changes core 9 can not be toward counterclockwise rotating, owing to being installed in the mechanical circular cavity 11 interior rotors 15 that change core 9, block 13 is limited in the position of lock housing inclined plane groove 3 simultaneously, machinery changes core 9 can not be toward the clockwise direction rotation, clutch-plate 20 is pushed down rotor 15 on the one hand in machinery changes the circular cavity 11 of core 9, the annular groove 21 of clutch-plate 20 is limited to piece 12 meshing fixing with the arc that machinery changes on the core 9 simultaneously, have electromagnetic core hole clipping 23 on the clutch-plate, the cylindrical protrusions 26 that electronics changes on the core 25 is passed the central through hole 22 of clutch-plate 20 and is compressed clutch-plate 20 on machinery commentaries on classics core 9, on the rotor banding moving plate slot 27 of electronics commentaries on classics core 25 rotor banding moving plate 19 is installed, the central through hole 22 that rotor banding moving plate 19 passes clutch-plate 20 patches in the square through hole 18 in the rotor 15, the block groove 29 that electronics changes on the core 25 is in same position with rotor recesses 16, rotor 15 can be followed the rotation of electronics commentaries on classics core 25 and be rotated, after machinery commentaries on classics core 9 has been installed clutch-plate 20, the arc limited block 12 that machinery changes core 9 is embedded in the arc groove C 28 of electronics commentaries on classics core 25, be installed with electromagnet 38 on the electronics commentaries on classics core 25, electromagnetic core 39 on the electromagnet 38 just is stuck in the electromagnetic core hole clipping 23 of clutch-plate 20, clearly in this position, 23 pairs of electromagnetic core hole clippings on the clutch-plate 20 are installed on 39 position-limiting actions of electromagnetic core on the electronics commentaries on classics core 25, i.e. rotation to electronics commentaries on classics core 25 plays position-limiting action, if electromagnetic core 39 is not deviate from the electromagnetic core card 23 on the clutch-plate 20, electronics changes core 25 and can not rotate, above-mentioned is that lock core of the present utility model is in when shutting state, can not be toward rotation counterclockwise, can not be toward clockwise direction rotation, the state that shuts promptly of the present utility model.
The process of unblanking is:
Guide groove 61 on the key bar 60 of the present utility model is relative with rotation fixture block 49 with the guide block 53 of rotation on the clutch-plate 51, key bar 60 inserts the lock core bottom, guide block 53 is stuck in the rotation guide groove 62, the rotation fixture block is stuck in the guide groove 61, key obtains the lock core mandate, electromagnetic core 39 is deviate from electromagnetic core hole clipping 23, key bar 60 rotates and drives 25 rotations of electronics commentaries on classics core, the rotor banding moving plate 19 that inserting in electronics simultaneously changes in the core 25 drives rotor 15 rotations, when forwarding as shown in Figure 9 the position to, block draw-in groove 14 on block groove 29 on the electronics commentaries on classics core 25 and the groove on the rotor 15 16 and the machinery commentaries on classics core 9 is on same position, in this position, by block groove 29, block draw-in groove 14 and groove that can hold block 13 of groove 16 common formation, as long as key bar continues toward turning clockwise, under the effect of revolving force, block 13 is owing to the effect of inclined plane groove 3 slips into very naturally by block groove 29, in block draw-in groove 14 and the groove 16 common grooves that form, in this position is that rotation has taken place electronics commentaries on classics core 25, machinery changes core 9 and does not still rotate, in this position of Fig. 9, as long as key bar 60 is again toward the clockwise direction rotation, because changeing arc groove sidewall C 91 sidewalls of core 25, electronics contacts with the sidewall D 92 that machinery changes the arc limited block 12 of core 9, electronics changes core 25 rotations must drive 9 rotations of machinery commentaries on classics core, when the position that rotates to as Figure 10, machinery changes core 9 because kelly 4 plays position-limiting action to it, whole electronic lock cylinder of the present utility model can not be again toward clockwise direction rotation, unlocking condition promptly of the present utility model.

Claims (11)

1, a kind of electronic lock cylinder with arrangement of clutch is characterized in that, comprises that machinery changes core (9), rotor (15), rotor banding moving plate (19), clutch-plate (20), electronics commentaries on classics core (25), rotating disk (46), rotation clutch-plate (51) and mounting disc (55); Described rotor (15) is arranged on machinery to be changeed in the cavity of core (9), and can in changeing core (9), machinery rotate to an angle, have block draw-in groove (14) on the outer wall of described machinery commentaries on classics core (9), block (13) is set in the block draw-in groove (14), the top that machinery changes core (9) is provided with clutch-plate (20), described clutch-plate (20) matches with the outer rim of machinery commentaries on classics core (9) and makes both position relative fixed, the top of described clutch-plate (20) that electronics is set changes core (25); The middle part that rotor (15), clutch-plate (20) and electronics change core (25) is provided with the hole that wears rotor banding moving plate (19), and rotor banding moving plate (19) is fixed in electronics to be changeed in the slot of core (25); The inside that electronics changes core (25) is provided with electromagnet (38) and electronic circuit device (34), electromagnet (38) is connected with electronic circuit device (34), circuit chip (35) and storage chip (36) are set on the described electronic circuit device (34), one end of electronic circuit device (34) is drawn electronic contact (40), described electronic contact (40) is fixing by contact stator (43), rotating disk (46) is set above the described contact stator (43), described rotating disk (46) changes core (25) with electronics and matches, mounting disc (55) is set above the described rotating disk (46), and described rotation clutch-plate (51) is embedded in the mounting disc (55).
2, the electronic lock cylinder of band arrangement of clutch according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the end that described machinery changes core (9) is circular cavity (11), rotor (15) is set in the circular cavity (11), one section of machinery commentaries on classics core (9) cavity wall protrudes from other parts, form arc limited block (12), the middle part of described arc limited block (12) has block draw-in groove (14), block (13) is set in the described block draw-in groove (14), has groove (5) on the cavity wall relative with arc limited block (12);
Described rotor (15) is provided with the cylinder of groove (16) for outer wall, the shape of groove (16) adapts with the shape that machinery changes core (9) block draw-in groove (14), described rotor (15) is arranged on machinery to be changeed in the cavity of core (9), the central part of described rotor (15) is provided with square through hole (18), is provided with in the square through hole (18) to drive rotor (15) rotor rotated drive sheet
(19);
Described clutch-plate (20) is for having the cylindricality ring that has annular groove (21) on central through hole (22) and the sidewall, the shape of described annular groove (21) adapts with shape and size that machinery changes the arc limited block (12) of core (9), the annular groove (21) of clutch-plate (20) is stuck in machinery just to be changeed on the arc limited block (12) of core (9), both are closely cooperated and relative fixed, the middle part indent of clutch-plate annular groove (21) forms the groove A (31) that a block draw-in groove (14) on the arc limited block (12) with machinery commentaries on classics core (9) adapts, described groove A (31) is arranged on same position with the block draw-in groove (14) of arc limited block (12) central authorities, and described clutch-plate (20) is provided with electromagnetic core hole clipping (23);
It is the interior round cylinder of cavity that be that described electronics changes core (25), and described electronics changes core (25) and is arranged on above the clutch-plate (20) and with the arc limited block (12) of machinery commentaries on classics core (9) and cooperates installation, can coaxial rotation in certain angle; Described electronics changes core (25) and is connected with clutch-plate (20) and has groove C (28) on the outer rim of holding, described groove C (28) indent forms block groove (29), the arc length of described groove C (28) is greater than the arc length of arc limited block (12), arc limited block (12) can be rotatablely moved in groove C (28), it is cylindrical protrusions (26) that electronics changes these end central authorities of core (25), described cylindrical protrusions (26) is plugged in the central through hole (22) of clutch-plate (20), the center of cylindrical protrusions (26) is provided with rotor banding moving plate slot (27), and rotor banding moving plate (19) is arranged in the rotor through hole, clutch-plate central through hole (22) and electronics change in the rotor banding moving plate slot (27) of core (25); In described electronics commentaries on classics core (25) cavity electromagnet (38) and electronic circuit device (34) are set, described electromagnet (38) is relative with the electromagnetic core hole clipping (23) on the clutch-plate (20); The other end that described electronics changes core (25) has groove A (88), and contact fixing plate (43) is fixedly mounted on electronics changes on this end of core (25), and the outer rim of contact fixing plate (43) is stuck in the groove A (88); Described rotating disk (46) is the torus that small one and large one two annulus of internal diameter same outer diameter as are formed, the end outer rim shape that external diameter is bigger is identical with contact fixing plate (43), the less interior annulus 50 of external diameter compresses rotation clutch-plate 51 in the cavity 54 of mounting disc 55, and can in cavity 54, rotate, described rotating disk (46) is arranged on the contact fixing plate (43), the outer rim of rotating disk (46) is stuck in electronics changes in the groove A (88) of core (25), changes core (25) with electronics and matches;
Described machinery commentaries on classics core (9), rotor (15), clutch-plate (20), electronics change core (25), rotating disk (46) is coaxial.
3, the electronic lock cylinder of band arrangement of clutch according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described rotor (15) also is provided with projection (17) on the outer wall, projection (17) on the described rotor (15) is positioned at the groove (5) that machinery changes core (9), and can rotatablely move along groove (5), the block draw-in groove (14) that groove (16) on rotor (15) and machinery change core (9) is when being in same position, and the projection (17) of rotor (15) contacts with groove (5) mural margin that machinery commentaries on classics core cavity wall leaves.
4, the electronic lock cylinder of band arrangement of clutch according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: also be provided with optoelectronic switch (37) on the described electronics commentaries on classics core (25), light reflection hole (24) is set on the clutch-plate (20), when electronics changeed core (25) rotation, described optoelectronic switch (37) can be relative with light reflection hole (24).
5, a kind of electronic lock system with arrangement of clutch comprises claim 1,2,3 or 4 described electronic lock cylinders, electron key and lock housing body; It is characterized in that:
Described electron key comprises key bar (60) and key housing (69);
The middle and upper part of described key bar (60) is disposed radially rotation guide groove (62), and the head outer wall of described key bar (60) axially is provided with guide groove (61), and described guide groove (61) is opened to joining with rotation guide groove (62); Electronics resilient contact (63) is set in the inner chamber of described key bar (60); When unblanking, described electron key is inserted in the electronic lock cylinder, and the electronic contact (40) in the electronics resilient contact (63) of electron key and the electronic lock cylinder is communicated with;
Integrated circuit (74) is set in the described key housing (69), and the electronics resilient contact (63) in integrated circuit (74) and the key bar (60) is connected by lead; Battery (76) is set in the key housing (69) is integrated circuit (74) power supply;
One end of described lock housing body (1) has lock core mounting hole (2), is provided with on lock core mounting hole (2) inwall that both sides are the inclined-plane or a side is that inclined-plane one side is the inclined plane groove of facing directly (3), and kelly (4) is set on the lock housing body (1);
Described electronic lock cylinder is arranged in the lock core mounting hole (2) of lock housing body (1).
6, the electronic lock system of band arrangement of clutch according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the rotation clutch-plate (51) of described electronic lock cylinder is an annulus, guide block (53) is set on the inwall of annulus, rotation fixture block (49) on described guide block (53) and the rotating disk (46) is on same straight line, this straight line is parallel with the axis of electronic lock cylinder, on the outer wall of rotation clutch-plate (51) locating piece (52) is set, has the locating slot (57) that adapts with described locating piece (52) on described mounting disc (55) inwall; Described rotation clutch-plate (51) places in the mounting disc (55), described locating piece (52) is positioned at locating slot (57), when unblanking, the relative insertion of guide block (53) in guide groove (61) on the key bar (60) and rotation clutch-plate (51), described guide block (53) slips in the rotation guide groove (62) of key bar (60) along guide groove (61).
7, the electronic lock system of band arrangement of clutch according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the guide block (53) on described rotation clutch-plate (51) inwall is one.
8, the electronic lock system of band arrangement of clutch according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the guide block (53) on described rotation clutch-plate (51) inwall is two, symmetrical or asymmetric be arranged at the rotation clutch-plate (51) annular inner wall on, the number of the guide groove (61) on the described key bar (60) and position and the corresponding setting of guide block (53).
9, according to the electronic lock system of each described band arrangement of clutch in the claim 5,6,7 or 8, it is characterized in that: the contact fixing plate of described electronic lock cylinder (43) comprises the disk of being with groove and is arranged on the projection at disk middle part, has groove B (86) on the lateral wall of described projection; Be provided with and the corresponding projection of groove B (86) (87) on the end inwall of the key bar of described electron key (60), when key bar (60) insertion electronic lock cylinder was unblanked, the projection (87) on the key bar (60) was positioned at the groove B (86) of contact fixing plate (43).
10, according to the electronic lock system of each described band arrangement of clutch in the claim 5,6,7 or 8, it is characterized in that: the shape any regular of the projection of described contact fixing plate (43) or irregularly shaped, the shape of key bar inner chamber adapts with it, and the inner chamber of key bar and projection match to merge and can drive the rotation of electric shock fixed head.
11, according to the electronic lock system of each described band arrangement of clutch in the claim 5,6,7 or 8, it is characterized in that: LCDs (70) is set on the described electron key housing (69), on key housing (69) sidewall button (72) is set.
CNU2007201813885U 2007-10-23 2007-10-23 Electronic lock core with clutch device and electronic lock system therewith Expired - Lifetime CN201129076Y (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010088799A1 (en) * 2009-02-06 2010-08-12 Zhai Xiaoming Self-reset and power-supplied-from-key intelligent rotating lock core and its matching lockset and key
CN102041925A (en) * 2010-02-11 2011-05-04 珠海理想科技有限公司 Electrically controlled intelligent key for magnetically coded lock
CN101418656B (en) * 2007-10-23 2011-07-27 陈炳辉 Electronic lock core with clutch device and electronic lock system therewith
CN103527005A (en) * 2012-07-03 2014-01-22 陈炳辉 Electronic lock cylinder, electronic lock system comprising electronic lock cylinder and unlocking method
CN104695772A (en) * 2015-03-22 2015-06-10 何宗龙 Electronic lock and mechanical lock cylinder in same
WO2016034049A1 (en) * 2014-09-05 2016-03-10 上海圣享科技股份有限公司 Electromagnetic lock, lock cylinder thereof, and unlocking method therefor

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101418656B (en) * 2007-10-23 2011-07-27 陈炳辉 Electronic lock core with clutch device and electronic lock system therewith
WO2010088799A1 (en) * 2009-02-06 2010-08-12 Zhai Xiaoming Self-reset and power-supplied-from-key intelligent rotating lock core and its matching lockset and key
CN102041925A (en) * 2010-02-11 2011-05-04 珠海理想科技有限公司 Electrically controlled intelligent key for magnetically coded lock
CN102041925B (en) * 2010-02-11 2013-03-13 珠海理想科技有限公司 Electrically controlled intelligent key for magnetically coded lock
CN103527005A (en) * 2012-07-03 2014-01-22 陈炳辉 Electronic lock cylinder, electronic lock system comprising electronic lock cylinder and unlocking method
CN103527005B (en) * 2012-07-03 2015-08-05 陈炳辉 Electronic lock cylinder and containing the electronic lock system of this electronic lock cylinder and method for unlocking
WO2016034049A1 (en) * 2014-09-05 2016-03-10 上海圣享科技股份有限公司 Electromagnetic lock, lock cylinder thereof, and unlocking method therefor
CN104695772A (en) * 2015-03-22 2015-06-10 何宗龙 Electronic lock and mechanical lock cylinder in same

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