CN201090189Y - Direct neutralization oil pump driven by switch reluctance motor - Google Patents

Direct neutralization oil pump driven by switch reluctance motor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201090189Y
CN201090189Y CNU2007201738032U CN200720173803U CN201090189Y CN 201090189 Y CN201090189 Y CN 201090189Y CN U2007201738032 U CNU2007201738032 U CN U2007201738032U CN 200720173803 U CN200720173803 U CN 200720173803U CN 201090189 Y CN201090189 Y CN 201090189Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
switched reluctance
fixed
reluctance machines
balance weight
belt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2007201738032U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王雪松
董强
陈喜娟
孟艳春
栾文礼
郑宏丽
王秀英
肖丽媛
马驰
张德平
焦亚凤
杜士才
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jilin Petroleum Group Co Ltd
Machinery Factory of Jilin Petroleum Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jilin Petroleum Group Co Ltd
Machinery Factory of Jilin Petroleum Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jilin Petroleum Group Co Ltd, Machinery Factory of Jilin Petroleum Group Co Ltd filed Critical Jilin Petroleum Group Co Ltd
Priority to CNU2007201738032U priority Critical patent/CN201090189Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201090189Y publication Critical patent/CN201090189Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

Disclosed is a direct balanced pumping unit driven by a switch reluctance motor, which is applied to the mechanical oil extraction in an oil and water well in the oil field. The utility model is characterized in that: a switch reluctance motor is fixed on a work platform, and an electromagnetic brake and a belt drive unit are connected on a power output shaft of the switch reluctance motor. The top part of the work platform is fixed with a bearing bracket, and a belt pulley and a friction drum are connected and supported on the main shaft of the bearing bracket. The edge of the work platform is fixed with a carrier, and a guiding drum is fixed on the carrier. A wire rope bypasses the friction drum and the guiding drum, one end of the wire rope is connected with a counter balance, and the other end thereof is connected with a polished rod eye. The utility model has the effects that: all parameters of the switch reluctance motor are controlled in a control cabinet, thus realizing the infinitely variable control to frequent positive and reverse rotations, stroke and frequency of stroke of the electromotor. The utility model is the novel pumping unit having no walking beam, and has advantages of small size, light weight, small live load, low frequency of stroke, low energy consumption and convenient well workover.

Description

The direct balanced oil extractor that switched reluctance machines drives
Technical field
The utility model relates to oil recovery technique field, oil field, and particularly a kind of energy-saving pumping unit is applicable to that the mechanical type of oilfield oil well recovers the oil.
Background technology
At present, domestic field use is beam pumping unit the most widely, and beam pumping unit is to commutate by crank connecting link.Rotatablely moving of motor is converted into the up-and-down movement of sucker rod, the oil pumper of this structure have floor space big, consume that steel are many, the high system effectiveness of cost is low, transfer aborning and join problems such as workload is big.When well workover, the beam pumping unit complete machine need be removed the operating position, abdicate the well workover space;
Blue elephant adopts the drive path of switched reluctance machines commutation, electromagnetic brake, cycloidal-pin wheel deceleration, directive wheel guiding mostly simultaneously.Find to exist cycloidal-pin wheel reducer fault rate height and influence reliability through field test; During well workover simultaneously, need remove part oil pumper parts equally, for difficulty has been added in workover treatment.
Technology contents
The purpose of this utility model is: the direct balanced oil extractor that provides a kind of switched reluctance machines to drive, can realize commutation by switched reluctance machines; Do not shut down the adjustment operational factor; Do not need mobile complete machine just can abdicate the well workover position, and have the blue elephant that volume is little, in light weight, dynamic load is little, well workover is convenient in power consumption less.
The utility model purpose is achieved in that the direct balanced oil extractor that switched reluctance machines drives comprises belt pulley, belt, switched reluctance machines, working platform, bracing frame, balance weight, friction roll, bearing bracket stand, wire rope, guide pulley, bearing, polished rod eye, electromagnetic brake.The bracing frame top is fixed with working platform.It is characterized in that: be fixed with switched reluctance machines on working platform, switched reluctance machines has driving and commutation function.Be connected with electromagnetic brake and belt drive unit on the power output shaft of switched reluctance machines, drive the positive and negative rotation of friction roll by belt drive unit.Belt drive unit plays driving torque and decelerating effect.Belt drive unit comprises two belt pulleys and belt.Top at working platform is fixed with bearing bracket stand, and main shaft is arranged on the bearing bracket stand, connects on the main shaft and is supported with belt pulley and friction roll.Edge at working platform is fixed with bearing, is fixed with guide pulley on the bearing.Wire rope is walked around friction roll and guide pulley, and wire rope one end connects balance weight, and the other end connects polished rod eye.Balance weight is hung vertically in the bracing frame inside casing.Switched reluctance machines is realized running anyway under the control of switch board, friction roll and guide pulley are reciprocating by driving wire rope, and rope belt dynamic equilibrium piece and polished rod eye pump, and finish oil extraction operation.
In order to improve stability, switched reluctance machines has the two ends output shaft, connects belt drive unit on the output shaft of two ends respectively.On friction roll and guide pulley, there are two wire rope to walk around.
In order to improve the stability of balance weight, there is directive wheel the both sides of balance weight, adopt the two sides guiding.Balance weight comprises and is divided into the stable equilibrium piece and can adds balance weight.
In order to improve the balance quality of balance weight, described structure of adding balance weight adopts the casing of steel plate welding, and iron sand or blanc fixe are arranged in casing.In casing, add iron sand or blanc fixe, make counterpoise more accurate.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the direct balanced oil extractor that switched reluctance machines drives, exchange system are to be realized by switched reluctance machines and switch board.Balance sysmte balance weight rectilinear motion, the balance weight guiding adopts two-sided guiding, is divided into fixed weight piece and adjustable weight balancing weight.Brake system adopts electromagnetic brake, can realize a little stopping.Bearing and guide pulley can be lifted and overturn during workover treatment, do not need mobile complete machine just can abdicate the well workover position.The direct balanced oil extractor that switched reluctance machines drives can be realized stroke and jig frequency parameter step-less adjustment, adapts to different well ' s conditions; the adjustment mode adopts turn-knob and button control, and is easy and simple to handle, adjusts the precision height; do not shut down the adjustment operational factor, monitor other outer operational factors of polished rod load in real time.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is main TV structure figure of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Among the figure, 1. belt pulley, 2. belt, 3. switched reluctance machines, 4. working platform, 5. bracing frame, 6. balance weight, 7. friction roll, 8. bearing bracket stand, 9. wire rope, 10. guide pulley, 11. bearings, 12. polished rod eyes, 13. electromagnetic brakes.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: consult Fig. 1.The direct balanced oil extractor that the utility model switched reluctance machines drives, 12 meters of bracing frame 5 height.Bracing frame 5 tops are fixed with working platform 4,2.5 meters of working platform 4 length, 1.5 meters of width.Be fixed with switched reluctance machines 3 on working platform 4, switch board connects switched reluctance machines 3 by lead.Switched reluctance machines 3 has the two ends output shaft, is connected with electromagnetic brake 13 on the end power output shaft of switched reluctance machines 3, is fixed with belt drive unit on the output shaft of two ends respectively.Belt drive unit comprises two belt pulleys 1 and belt 2.Be fixed with bearing bracket stand 8 at the top of working platform 4, on the bearing bracket stand 8 main shaft arranged, connect on the main shaft and be supported with belt pulley 1 and friction roll 7.Be fixed with the liner 14 of 15 millimeters thick on the outer wall of friction roll 7, the effect of liner 14 is to increase and wire rope 9 frictional force.Be fixed with bearing 11 at the edge of working platform 4, be fixed with guide pulley 10 on the bearing 11.On friction roll 7 and guide pulley 10, there are two wire rope 9 to walk around.Wire rope 9 one ends connect balance weight 6, and the other end connects polished rod eye 12.Balance weight 6 is hung vertically in bracing frame 5 inside casings.
There is directive wheel the both sides of balance weight 6, adopt the two sides guiding.Balance weight 6 comprises and is divided into the stable equilibrium piece and can adds balance weight.The structure that can add balance weight adopts the casing of steel plate welding, and iron sand or blanc fixe are arranged in casing.
The stroke of the direct balanced oil extractor that this switched reluctance machines drives can be done step-less adjustment as required.This is that commutation position is adjusted arbitrarily by the noncontacting switch determining positions because of commutation position.The adjusting of jig frequency is to rely on switched reluctance machines to adjust arbitrarily by the switch board button between 0-150rpm.

Claims (5)

1. the direct balanced oil extractor that drives of a switched reluctance machines, comprise belt pulley (1), belt (2), switched reluctance machines (3), working platform (4), bracing frame (5), balance weight (6), friction roll (7), bearing bracket stand (8), wire rope (9), guide pulley (10), bearing (11), polished rod eye (12), electromagnetic brake (13), bracing frame (5) top is fixed with working platform (4), it is characterized in that: on working platform (4), be fixed with switched reluctance machines (3), be connected with electromagnetic brake (13) and belt drive unit on the power output shaft of switched reluctance machines (3), belt drive unit comprises two belt pulleys (1) and belt (2), be fixed with bearing bracket stand (8) at the top of working platform (4), bearing bracket stand has main shaft on (8), connect on the main shaft and be supported with belt pulley (1) and friction roll (7), be fixed with bearing (11) at the edge of working platform (4), be fixed with guide pulley (10) on the bearing (11), wire rope (9) is walked around friction roll (7) and guide pulley (10), wire rope (9) one ends connect balance weight (6), the other end connects polished rod eye (12), and balance weight (6) is hung vertically in bracing frame (5) inside casing.
2. the direct balanced oil extractor that switched reluctance machines according to claim 1 drives, it is characterized in that: switched reluctance machines (3) has the two ends output shaft, connect belt drive unit on the output shaft of two ends respectively, on friction roll (7) and guide pulley (10), have two wire rope (9) to walk around.
3. the direct balanced oil extractor that switched reluctance machines according to claim 1 drives, it is characterized in that: there is directive wheel the both sides of balance weight (6), adopt the two sides guiding, and balance weight (6) comprises and is divided into the stable equilibrium piece and can adds balance weight.
4. the direct balanced oil extractor that switched reluctance machines according to claim 3 drives is characterized in that: the structure that can add balance weight adopts the casing of steel plate welding, and iron sand or blanc fixe are arranged in casing.
5. according to the direct balanced oil extractor of claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described switched reluctance machines drivings, it is characterized in that: be fixed with liner (14) on the outer wall of friction roll (7).
CNU2007201738032U 2007-10-25 2007-10-25 Direct neutralization oil pump driven by switch reluctance motor Expired - Fee Related CN201090189Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201738032U CN201090189Y (en) 2007-10-25 2007-10-25 Direct neutralization oil pump driven by switch reluctance motor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201738032U CN201090189Y (en) 2007-10-25 2007-10-25 Direct neutralization oil pump driven by switch reluctance motor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201090189Y true CN201090189Y (en) 2008-07-23

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Family Applications (1)

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CNU2007201738032U Expired - Fee Related CN201090189Y (en) 2007-10-25 2007-10-25 Direct neutralization oil pump driven by switch reluctance motor

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102140906A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-08-03 周生祥 Double-roller tower type oil-pumping unit device
CN105840145A (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-08-10 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Switched reluctance motor direct-driven oil extraction device
CN105986783A (en) * 2015-02-09 2016-10-05 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Oil pumping unit
CN107780889A (en) * 2017-12-16 2018-03-09 吕传庆 A kind of Straight pull oil pumper
CN116752940A (en) * 2023-08-23 2023-09-15 克拉玛依市圣起钻采设备有限责任公司 Beam-free mechanical reversing type pumping unit

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102140906A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-08-03 周生祥 Double-roller tower type oil-pumping unit device
CN105840145A (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-08-10 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Switched reluctance motor direct-driven oil extraction device
CN105986783A (en) * 2015-02-09 2016-10-05 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Oil pumping unit
CN107780889A (en) * 2017-12-16 2018-03-09 吕传庆 A kind of Straight pull oil pumper
CN116752940A (en) * 2023-08-23 2023-09-15 克拉玛依市圣起钻采设备有限责任公司 Beam-free mechanical reversing type pumping unit

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20080723

Termination date: 20101025