CN201059004Y - Water-saving system - Google Patents

Water-saving system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201059004Y
CN201059004Y CNU2007201211768U CN200720121176U CN201059004Y CN 201059004 Y CN201059004 Y CN 201059004Y CN U2007201211768 U CNU2007201211768 U CN U2007201211768U CN 200720121176 U CN200720121176 U CN 200720121176U CN 201059004 Y CN201059004 Y CN 201059004Y
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China
Prior art keywords
water
delivery port
saving
communicated
water storage
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2007201211768U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖建琛
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肖建琛
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Priority to CNU2007201211768U priority Critical patent/CN201059004Y/en
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Publication of CN201059004Y publication Critical patent/CN201059004Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a water saving system, which comprises a light sewage drain pipe, a sewage filter and a water storage device. The outlet of the sewage drain pipe is communicated with an inlet of the sewage filter and an outlet of the sewage filter is communicated with the water storage device. The water saving device of the utility model can collect the light sewage, conducts filtering treatment and stores the filtered water in the water storage device so as to well reuse the light sewage and avoid the waste of water recourse. The utility model is simple in structure, convenient to use, easy to maintain and low in cost.

Description

A kind of water-saving system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of water-saving system.
Background technology
At present, the mankind are being faced with more and more serious water resources crisis, and water resources crisis has become the focus that common people pay close attention to.China also is one of country of serious water shortage, and National urban has the situation that all has serious water shortage over half.But, the phenomenon that great lot of water resources is wasted is taking place in the life also, particularly in resident living water.For example: wash one's face and rinse one's mouth, do washing, wash light sewage after the dish etc. and all fail to be fully utilized, but directly drain, cause serious waste by sewage conduct.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is exactly in order to overcome above deficiency, to have proposed a kind of water-saving system, the light sewage in the life can be fully utilized, avoiding waste.
Technical problem of the present utility model is solved by following technical scheme:
A kind of water-saving system comprises light sewage drainage pipe, effluent filter, water storage device, and the delivery port of described light sewage drainage pipe is communicated with the effluent filter water inlet, and described effluent filter delivery port is communicated with water storage device.
Technical problem of the present utility model is further solved by following technical scheme:
Described light sewage drainage pipe is provided with first delivery port and second delivery port, and described first delivery port is connected with the effluent filter water inlet, and described second delivery port is connected with sewer, and the position of described second delivery port is lower than the position of described first delivery port.
Described light sewage drainage pipe is a S shape.
Described effluent filter is positioned at the water storage device bottom, described effluent filter comprises foreign material gatherer, three way cock, filtration beds from bottom to top successively, described three way cock is provided with first, second and third outlet pass, described first outlet pass is the water inlet of described effluent filter, described second outlet pass is communicated with described foreign material gatherer, described the 3rd outlet pass is communicated with described filtration beds water inlet, and described filtration beds delivery port is communicated with described water storage device.
Also comprise leakage-proof apparatus, described leakage-proof apparatus is positioned at described foreign material gatherer top, and described foreign material gatherer is removably mounted on the effluent filter.
Described leakage-proof apparatus comprises first card pearl and the lower baffle plate, and described lower baffle plate is provided with and the first suitable bayonet socket of the described first card pearl profile.
Also comprise water-level control apparatus, described water-level control apparatus comprises floatability thing, connecting line, second card pearl and the overhead gage; Described overhead gage is positioned at the filtration beds top, and described overhead gage is provided with and the second suitable bayonet socket of the described second card pearl profile; Described floatability thing blocks pearl by connecting line and second and links to each other, and described floatability thing is positioned at described overhead gage top, and the described second card pearl is positioned at described overhead gage below, and the described second card pearl blocks second bayonet socket when floatability thing buoyancy blocks pearl gravity greater than second.
Be provided with filter screen in the described three way cock, described filter screen is between described second outlet pass and the 3rd outlet pass; Be provided with valve between described light sewage drainage pipe delivery port and the effluent filter water inlet.
Also comprise dual-purpose three way cock, described water storage device is provided with delivery port, the height of described dual-purpose three way cock is between described water storage device delivery port and water device, be provided with fourth, fifth, six outlet passes in the described dual-purpose three way cock, the described four-way mouth of a river is communicated with described water storage device delivery port, the described five-way mouth of a river is communicated with the tap water water inlet, and described the 6th outlet pass is connected with the water device.
Also be provided with self-con-tained unit in the described dual-purpose three way cock, described self-con-tained unit comprises buoyancy aid thing, water storing vessel, connecting rod, third gear plate and the 4th baffle plate; The described four-way mouth of a river is communicated with described water storing vessel, described buoyancy aid thing is positioned at described water storing vessel, described buoyancy aid thing links to each other with described third gear plate by connecting rod, described the 4th baffle plate is between the described five-way mouth of a river and described the 6th outlet pass, described the 4th baffle plate is provided with through hole, and described buoyancy aid thing drives third gear plate by connecting rod at its buoyancy during greater than gravity and blocks through hole on the 4th baffle plate.
The beneficial effect that the utility model is compared with the prior art is: water-saving system of the present utility model is stored in the water storage device after collecting lightweight sewage and carrying out filtration treatment, makes light sewage obtain well utilizing again, has avoided the waste of water resource.Water-saving system of the present utility model is simple in structure, easy to use, be easy to safeguard, with low cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model specific embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the effluent filter of the utility model specific embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the dual-purpose three way cock of the utility model specific embodiment.
The specific embodiment
Also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further details below by concrete embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, a kind of water-saving system, comprise light sewage drainage pipe 1, effluent filter 2, water storage device 3, described light sewage drainage pipe 1 is provided with first delivery port 11 and second delivery port 12, described first delivery port 11 is connected with effluent filter water inlet 21, described second delivery port 12 is connected with sewer 4, the position of described second delivery port 12 is lower than the position of described first delivery port 11, effluent filter 2 is positioned at water storage device 3 bottoms, and described effluent filter 2 delivery ports are communicated with water storage device 3.
Described light sewage drainage pipe 1 is a S shape bend pipe, and obviously light sewage drainage pipe 1 also can be broken line shape or other shapes, as long as the position of second delivery port 12 of light sewage drainage pipe 1 is lower than the position of first delivery port 11.Can effectively utilize pressure difference like this, light sewage is preferentially flowed in the water storage device 3 by effluent filter 2, improve the sewage utilization rate, avoid waste.
As shown in Figure 1, be provided with valve 5 between described light sewage drainage pipe 1 delivery port and the effluent filter water inlet 21, the user can freely open or close the path between light sewage drainage pipe 1 delivery port and the effluent filter water inlet 21 as required like this.For example: when the user needs check system or purging system, but valve-off 5; When the user needs water storage, can open valve 5.Described water storage device 3 is simple in structure, and the container of any volume adequacy is transformed (setting up two outlet passes) through simple, can work as the water storage device use.Like this, need not to purchase special-purpose water storage device and can realize water-saving system of the present utility model, water-saving system cost of the present utility model is further reduced, also can increase the user and select degree of freedom.
As shown in Figure 2, described effluent filter 2 comprises foreign material gatherer 22, three way cock 23, leakage-proof apparatus, filtration beds 24 and water-level control apparatus from bottom to top successively.Each parts of effluent filter 2 all adopt the separate type design, achieve a fixed connection by the screw thread that coincide mutually between each parts, and add that between each parts suitable packing ring is to reach better sealing effectiveness.User's installation, cleaning and maintenance are convenient in the design of this separate type, and can make things convenient for the user that effluent filter 2 is used in combination with various types of water storage devices 3.
Described three way cock 23 is provided with first outlet pass 21, second outlet pass 232 and the 3rd outlet pass 233, described first outlet pass 21 is the water inlet of the effluent filter 2 among Fig. 1, described second outlet pass 232 is communicated with described foreign material gatherer 22, described the 3rd outlet pass 233 is communicated with described filtration beds 24 water inlets, and described filtration beds 24 delivery ports are communicated with described water storage device 3.
As shown in Figure 2, described leakage-proof apparatus is positioned at described foreign material gatherer 22 tops.Described leakage-proof apparatus comprises first card pearl 25 and the lower baffle plate 26, and described lower baffle plate 26 is provided with and the first suitable bayonet socket 261 of described first card pearl 25 profiles.The first card pearl 25 will fit like a glove with first bayonet socket 261 when sinking.When in the water storage device 3 during lack of water, owing to have pressure differential in water storage device 3 and the pipeline, will promote the first card pearl, 25 come-ups, gently the water in the sewage drainage pipe 1 enters into water storage device 3 by first bayonet socket 261 via filtration beds 24; After water inlet was finished, the first card pearl 25 can sink under the effect of self gravitation and block first bayonet socket 261 below it, stoped water in the water storage device 3 toward dirty.Foreign material gatherer 22 can take off cleaning aperiodically, when cleaning foreign material gatherer 22, should first valve-off 5, and the first card pearl 25 of leakage-proof apparatus has blocked first bayonet socket 261, has stoped the outflow of water in the water storage device 3.Like this, need not discharges water earlier foreign material gatherer 22 directly to be backed out to water storage device 3 cleans, and uses easily.
As shown in Figure 2, described water-level control apparatus comprises floatability thing 271, connecting line 272, second card pearl 273 and the overhead gage 274; Described overhead gage 274 is positioned at filtration beds 24 tops, and described overhead gage 274 is provided with and the second suitable bayonet socket 275 of described second card pearl 273 profiles.Described floatability thing 271 links to each other with the second card pearl 273 by connecting line 272, described floatability thing 271 is positioned at described overhead gage 274 tops, the described second card pearl 273 is positioned at described overhead gage 274 belows, and the described second card pearl 273 blocks second bayonet socket 275 when floatability thing 271 buoyancy block pearl 273 gravity greater than second.Described floatability thing 271 can form by foam, hollow plastics etc. being cut into the suitable shape size at the material of water float.The described first card pearl 25 and the second card pearl 273 can be the lightweight spherical bodies that glass or plastic or other material are made, but its density is slightly larger than the density of water, and it can be sunk in water.
According to the required moisture storage capacity of water storage device 3 can pre-set adjusting connecting line 272 length, make when water level rises the water level that reaches predetermined in the water storage device 3, the second card pearl 273 below floatability thing 271 will drive by connecting line 272 is floated, and block second bayonet socket 275 on the overhead gage 274, reach the purpose that stops water storage device 3 to continue water inlet.Obviously also can regulate the length of floatability thing 271 and 273 connecting lines 272 of the second card pearl by the winding number of turns that changes connecting line 272 and top floatability thing 271.This makes the moisture storage capacity in the water storage device 3 can control voluntarily by water level controller, and does not need manual operation, and the user is more saved worry.And, can not need on water storage device 3, to design overfall gap, the noise that has produced when effectively having avoided spilling water by being used of water level controller and water storage device 3.
As shown in Figure 2, described filtration beds 24 is made of middle particle haydite, and this filtration beds 24 is with low cost, good filtration effect.The all available common plastics of miscellaneous part in the above-mentioned effluent filter 2 except that filtration beds 24 are made, to reduce cost.Be provided with filter screen 234 in the described three way cock, described filter screen 234 is between described second outlet pass 232 and the 3rd outlet pass 233.When light sewage after first outlet pass 21 enters into three way cock 23, carry out further filtration treatment by entering upper strata filtration beds 24 again after filter screen 234 preliminary the filtrations earlier, and in the foreign material gatherer 22 below the foreign material that filter screen 234 filters also can fall in the effect of self gravitation, floating thing in the foreign material also can only be stranded between filter screen 234 and the foreign material gatherer 22, and this has brought convenience for cleaning sullage strainer 2.
Above-mentioned water-saving system can have been realized sewage is reclaimed, be stored in water in the water storage device 3 can be directly used in mop floor, flush toilet, and more can be used for green area irrigation through simple filtering, after precipitating, disinfecting.
As shown in Figure 1, for the convenience of the user to toilet 7 flushings, promptly when in the water storage device 3 water being arranged the water in the water storage device 3 is used for flush toilet, when tap water being used for flush toilet when anhydrous in the water storage device 3, water-saving system of the present utility model also can also comprise dual-purpose three way cock 6.Described water storage device 3 is provided with delivery port 31, and the height of described dual-purpose three way cock 6 draws water between the case 71 described water storage device delivery port 31 and toilet.
Shown in Fig. 1,3, be provided with the four-way mouth of a river 61, the five-way mouth of a river 62, the 6th outlet pass 63 and self-con-tained unit in the described dual-purpose three way cock 6, the described four-way mouth of a river 61 is communicated with described water storage device 3 delivery ports, the described five-way mouth of a river 62 is communicated with tap water water inlet 8, and described the 6th outlet pass 63 is connected with the case 71 that draws water of toilet.Described self-con-tained unit comprises buoyancy aid thing 64, water storing vessel 65, connecting rod 66, third gear plate 67 and the 4th baffle plate 68; The described four-way mouth of a river 61 is communicated with described water storing vessel 65, described buoyancy aid thing 64 is positioned at described water storing vessel 65, described buoyancy aid thing 64 links to each other with described third gear plate 67 by connecting rod 66, described the 4th baffle plate 68 is between the described five-way mouth of a river 62 and described the 6th outlet pass 63, and described the 4th baffle plate 68 is provided with through hole.
When in the water storage device 3 water being arranged, water in the water storage device 3 flows in the water storing vessel 65 by the four-way mouth of a river 61, when the buoyancy of buoyancy aid thing 64 during greater than himself gravity, the buoyancy aid thing 64 that is positioned at water storing vessel 65 floats under the water buoyancy function, thereby connecting rod 66 is rotated around the rotation strong point 69, promote the through hole that third gear plate 67 is blocked on the 4th baffle plate 68, and then stop the water of tap water water inlet to flow into, water storage device 3 interior water flowed out by the 6th outlet pass 63 and used for toilet this moment.When water storage device 3 is anhydrous, if water-closet tank 7 needs water, water in the water storing vessel 65 can be because self and the drop inflow water-closet tank 7 of water-closet tank 71, water storing vessel 65 is in can't resident enough water states, the buoyancy of buoyancy aid thing 64 is less than himself gravity, buoyancy aid thing 64 will fall automatically, and pass through connecting rod 66 promotion third gear plates 67 away from the 4th baffle plate 68, the water of tap water water inlet flows into by the through hole on the five-way mouth of a river 62, the 4th baffle plate 68, and tap water flowed out by the 6th outlet pass 63 and used for toilet this moment; When toilet tank water is full, because the 6th outlet pass 63 can't water outlet, water storing vessel 65 will be in the capable of storing water state again, tap water will be full of water storing vessel 65, the buoyancy aid thing 64 that is positioned at water storing vessel 65 floats under the water buoyancy function, thereby connecting rod 66 is rotated around the rotation strong point 69, promote the 3rd baffle plate 67 and block through hole on the 4th baffle plate 68, and then stop the water of tap water water inlet to continue to flow into.This dual-purpose three way cock 6 can be realized the automatic switchover between tap water and the light sewage, and is user-friendly.
Be that example describes above with the toilet, obviously, need the device of water to be suitable for too for other.Water-saving system of the present utility model not only can use at dwelling house, also can use in other places such as hospital, factory.Water-saving system of the present utility model adopts gravity flow, utilize difference in height to realize to the collection of light sewage and utilization again, whole recovery, handle and all be that principle by physics realizes utilizing process, not only need not manual intervention and realized full-automation, and need not to expend the extra energy, simple in structure, convenient and practical, be the system of comparatively ideal conserve water resource.Above-mentioned all component interface all adopts standard interface design, makes things convenient for the user to purchase and uses with the collocation of other products.
Above content be in conjunction with concrete preferred implementation to further describing that the utility model is done, can not assert that concrete enforcement of the present utility model is confined to these explanations.For the utility model person of an ordinary skill in the technical field, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model design, can also make some simple deduction or replace, all should be considered as belonging to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. water-saving system, it is characterized in that: comprise light sewage drainage pipe, effluent filter, water storage device, the delivery port of described light sewage drainage pipe is communicated with the effluent filter water inlet, and described effluent filter delivery port is communicated with water storage device.
2. water-saving system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described light sewage drainage pipe is provided with first delivery port and second delivery port, described first delivery port is connected with the effluent filter water inlet, described second delivery port is connected with sewer, and the position of described second delivery port is lower than the position of described first delivery port.
3. water-saving system according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described light sewage drainage pipe is a S shape.
4. according to the arbitrary described water-saving system of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: described effluent filter is positioned at the water storage device bottom, described effluent filter comprises foreign material gatherer, three way cock, filtration beds from bottom to top successively, described three way cock is provided with first, second and third outlet pass, described first outlet pass is the water inlet of described effluent filter, described second outlet pass is communicated with described foreign material gatherer, described the 3rd outlet pass is communicated with described filtration beds water inlet, and described filtration beds delivery port is communicated with described water storage device.
5. water-saving system according to claim 4 is characterized in that: also comprise leakage-proof apparatus, described leakage-proof apparatus is positioned at described foreign material gatherer top, and described foreign material gatherer is removably mounted on the effluent filter.
6. water-saving system according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described leakage-proof apparatus comprises first card pearl and the lower baffle plate, and described lower baffle plate is provided with and the first suitable bayonet socket of the described first card pearl profile.
7. water-saving system according to claim 6 is characterized in that: also comprise water-level control apparatus, described water-level control apparatus comprises floatability thing, connecting line, second card pearl and the overhead gage; Described overhead gage is positioned at the filtration beds top, and described overhead gage is provided with and the second suitable bayonet socket of the described second card pearl profile; Described floatability thing blocks pearl by connecting line and second and links to each other, and described floatability thing is positioned at described overhead gage top, and the described second card pearl is positioned at described overhead gage below, and the described second card pearl blocks second bayonet socket when floatability thing buoyancy blocks pearl gravity greater than second.
8. water-saving system according to claim 6 is characterized in that: be provided with filter screen in the described three way cock, described filter screen is between described second outlet pass and the 3rd outlet pass; Be provided with valve between described light sewage drainage pipe delivery port and the effluent filter water inlet.
9. according to the arbitrary described water-saving system of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: also comprise dual-purpose three way cock, described water storage device is provided with delivery port, the height of described dual-purpose three way cock is between described water storage device delivery port and water device, be provided with fourth, fifth, six outlet passes in the described dual-purpose three way cock, the described four-way mouth of a river is communicated with described water storage device delivery port, and the described five-way mouth of a river is communicated with the tap water water inlet, and described the 6th outlet pass is connected with the water device.
10. water-saving system according to claim 9 is characterized in that: also be provided with self-con-tained unit in the described dual-purpose three way cock, described self-con-tained unit comprises buoyancy aid thing, water storing vessel, connecting rod, third gear plate and the 4th baffle plate; The described four-way mouth of a river is communicated with described water storing vessel, described buoyancy aid thing is positioned at described water storing vessel, described buoyancy aid thing links to each other with described third gear plate by connecting rod, described the 4th baffle plate is between the described five-way mouth of a river and described the 6th outlet pass, described the 4th baffle plate is provided with through hole, and described buoyancy aid thing drives third gear plate by connecting rod at its buoyancy during greater than gravity and blocks through hole on the 4th baffle plate.
CNU2007201211768U 2007-07-04 2007-07-04 Water-saving system Expired - Fee Related CN201059004Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201211768U CN201059004Y (en) 2007-07-04 2007-07-04 Water-saving system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201211768U CN201059004Y (en) 2007-07-04 2007-07-04 Water-saving system

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CNU2007201211768U Expired - Fee Related CN201059004Y (en) 2007-07-04 2007-07-04 Water-saving system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104947740A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 西南交通大学 Cross-floor water recovery utilization system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104947740A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 西南交通大学 Cross-floor water recovery utilization system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20080514

Termination date: 20110704

C17 Cessation of patent right