CN201016179Y - Domestic waste hot-water heat extraction device - Google Patents

Domestic waste hot-water heat extraction device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201016179Y
CN201016179Y CNU2006201396967U CN200620139696U CN201016179Y CN 201016179 Y CN201016179 Y CN 201016179Y CN U2006201396967 U CNU2006201396967 U CN U2006201396967U CN 200620139696 U CN200620139696 U CN 200620139696U CN 201016179 Y CN201016179 Y CN 201016179Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hot water
heat
spent hot
water
waste hot
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CNU2006201396967U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁强
王剑
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Dianzi University
Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University
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Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University filed Critical Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University
Priority to CNU2006201396967U priority Critical patent/CN201016179Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201016179Y publication Critical patent/CN201016179Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a life waste hot water heat extracting device which consists of a waste hot water extracting floor drain, a filter, a connecting pipe, an electromagnetic valve, an adjusting valve, a waste hot water sealing and storing tank which are connected in order to form a life waste hot water extracting circulating loop. The inside of the floor drain is provided with a waste hot water filtering cavity, a waste hot water extracting passage port and a waste hot water draining pipe port, with the waste hot water extracting passage port communicated with a water inlet of the waste hot water sealing and storing tank and the waste hot water draining pipe port communicated with a water outlet of the waste hot water sealing and storing tank. The life waste hot water heat extracting device is convenient, intuitive and stable in operation, can make full use of the heat resources in the waste hot water, recollect the waste heat in the families and discharge the heat after extraction, which not only saves the energy and the expense of the family on the energy consumption, but also reduces the heat pollution to the environment, having a great economical and social benefit.

Description

A kind of life spent hot water heat extraction device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of heat-exchange device, particularly a kind of life spent hot water heat extraction device.
Background technology
Raising along with living standards of the people, the use amount of daily life hot water improves year by year, most domestic hot-water is just directly discharged after using, and ASSOCIATE STATISTICS shows that the spent hot water's that lives average temperature is about 32 ℃, it is good low-grade heat source, China is populous nation in addition, and life spent hot water's total emission volumn is very big, with this direct discharging of waste water that has a large amount of heat energy, not only waste energy, and increased environment pollution.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of spent hot water of family heat that can extract for the deficiency that solves above-mentioned technology, and is used for the pre-warmed life of living water use spent hot water heat extraction device.
In order to achieve the above object, a kind of life spent hot water heat extraction device that the utility model is designed, it extracts floor drain by the spent hot water, strainer, connecting line, electromagnetic valve, control valve, airtight spent hot water's storage box connects and composes the life spent hot water successively and extracts closed circuit, spent hot water's adapter cavity is set in floor drain, the spent hot water extracts path interface and waste water drainage channel interface, spent hot water in the floor drain extracts the path interface and is communicated with the water inlet of airtight spent hot water's storage box, waste water drainage channel interface in the floor drain is communicated with the delivery port of airtight spent hot water's storage box, minipump is installed in the top of airtight spent hot water's storage box, its air entry links to each other with the top of airtight spent hot water's storage box, used heat extracts heat exchanger and is installed in airtight spent hot water's storage box inside, and the delivery port of airtight spent hot water's storage box is communicated with the discharge of wastewater interface of floor drain.Pressure sensor is installed on airtight spent hot water's storage box, and pressure sensor is connected by control line with minipump.In specific implementation process, used heat extracts heat exchanger, compressor, heat release heat exchanger, throttle part and connects the system that copper pipe is formed the transfer of heat function jointly, and the heat release heat exchanger places the water tank that has heat effect.The system of transfer of heat function also can be extracted heat exchanger, compressor, heat release heat exchanger, throttle part, water pump and be connected copper pipe and form jointly by used heat, and the heat release heat exchanger is connected with the water tank that has heat effect by water pump.
Life the spent hot water can be stored when flowing through floor drain, is easy to be recovered and has a preliminary filtering function.The strainer of flowing through is carried out smart filter, and the waste water that assurance is flow through behind the strainer does not have solid matter.Two interfaces of floor drain, one be used to obtain the spent hot water, another is used to extract the discharge of wastewater behind the heat.Electromagnetic valve has two effects, and the one, after airtight spent hot water's storage box held full spent hot water, closed electromagnetic valve guaranteed that the spent hot water does not reflux, and is convenient to heat utilization; Another effect is behind closed electromagnetic valve, forms closed system, is convenient to vacuum pump and forms negative pressure.Pressure sensor is connected by control line with minipump, and control vacuum pump unlatching and stop.When the vacuum pump work, can make waste water extraction passage and water storage box internal pressure be lower than atmospheric pressure, the spent hot water will enter airtight spent hot water's storage box by the above-mentioned passage in externally atmospheric effect lower edge, pressure sensor can obtain the case internal pressure, situation of change by pressure, make the work of controller control vacuum pump, make the interior pressure stability of case in certain scope.When water level increased channel certain altitude, controller can make closed electromagnetic valve, closes vacuum pump simultaneously.Fluviograph also has a critical function to make to guarantee the not admission pipe of intake duct vacuum pump of water, the work of protection vacuum pump normal reliable.The effect of transparent pipe is can observe the regimen condition in use, the effect of control valve is a relative equilibrium between the water yield of the flow of waste water when making shower by its aperture of manual adjustments when first use the and extraction, makes to keep that in use stable water inlet can be arranged.
The resulting a kind of life spent hot water heat extraction device of the utility model, easy to operate, directly perceived, stable, can make full use of the heat resource among the spent hot water, life used heat in the family is reclaimed, and discharge behind the extraction heat, it is energy conservation not only, for family saves a large amount of energy costs and reduces heat pollution to environment, good economic and social benefit is arranged.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model embodiment 1 structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the utility model embodiment 2 structural representations;
Fig. 3 is that the spent hot water extracts floor drain example structure schematic diagram.
1, the spent hot water extracts floor drain; 2, strainer; 3, connecting line; 4, electromagnetic valve; 5, transparent pipe; 6, control valve; 7, pressure sensor; 8, airtight spent hot water's storage box; 9, used heat extracts heat exchanger; 10, minipump; 11, compressor; 12, heat release heat exchanger; 13, the water tank that has heat effect; 14, throttle part; 15, connect copper pipe; 16, fluviograph; 17, spent hot water's delivery pipe; 18, water flow switch; 19, controller; 20, temperature pick up; 21, circulating water pump, 22, spent hot water's adapter cavity; 23, the spent hot water extracts path; 24, waste water drainage channel.
The specific embodiment
The utility model will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings below by embodiment.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of life spent hot water heat extraction device that present embodiment is described, it extracts floor drain 1 by the spent hot water, strainer 2, connecting line 3, electromagnetic valve 4, control valve 6, airtight spent hot water's storage box 8 connects and composes the life spent hot water successively and extracts closed circuit, as shown in Figure 3, extract the spent hot water spent hot water's adapter cavity 22 is set in the floor drain 1, the spent hot water extracts path 23 and waste water drainage channel 24, the spent hot water extracts spent hot water in the floor drain 1 and extracts path 23 and be communicated with airtight spent hot water's storage box 8 imports, the waste water drainage channel 24 that the spent hot water extracts in the floor drain 1 is communicated with the outlet of airtight spent hot water's storage box 8, minipump 10 is installed in the top of airtight spent hot water's storage box 8, its air entry links to each other with the top of airtight spent hot water's storage box 8, the part that links to each other is handled through leakproof seal, used heat extracts heat exchanger 9 and is installed in airtight spent hot water's storage box 8 inside, and the delivery port of airtight spent hot water's storage box 8 is communicated with the waste water drainage channel 24 that the spent hot water extracts floor drain 1.Described pressure sensor 7 is installed on airtight spent hot water's storage box 8, pressure sensor 7 electricly connects with minipump 10, used heat extracts heat exchanger 9, compressor 11, heat release heat exchanger 12, throttle part 14 and connects the system that copper pipe is formed the transfer of heat function jointly, and heat release heat exchanger 12 places the water tank 13 that has heat effect.
When hot water uses, be installed in water flow switch 18 closures on the hot water outlet pipe during work, the electromagnetic valve 4 on the discharge pipe line 17 cuts out; Electromagnetic valve 4 on the inlet pipeline is opened.Controller 19 is received closure signal and is continued after several seconds, treat the spent hot water extract spent hot water's adapter cavity 22 water in the floor drain 1 full after, the airtight pipeline space that strainer 2, connecting line 3, electromagnetic valve 4, transparent pipe 5, control valve 6, airtight spent hot water's storage box 8, spent hot water's delivery pipe 17 are formed is also isolated with outside air.Minipump 10 is started working, and makes the pressure in the airtight pipeline space begin to descend, and airtight pipeline space pressure is measured by pressure sensor 7, and controls the start-stop of vacuum pumps 10 by controller 19.Keep airtight pipeline under certain pressure condition.Because the pressure of confined space is lower than atmospheric pressure.Under the externally atmospheric effect of spent hot water in spent hot water's adapter cavity 22, be pressed into the spent hot water and extract path 23 and enter airtight spent hot water's storage box 8 at last, the spent hot water of follow-up whereabouts also is pressed into airtight spent hot water's storage box 8 thereupon.Flow of inlet water is stable when guaranteeing that the spent hot water extracts, and the aperture by control valve 6 when the debugging makes the flow of following water of hot water and the flow that extracts spent hot water balance within the specific limits.For easy to adjust, can observe by transparent pipe 5.After fluviographs 16 are measured in the casees water level and are higher than certain water level in airtight spent hot water's storage box 8, controller can allow compressor 11 start working.When water level rises to apart from a certain position, casing top, after controller receives this information, can close that the spent hot water extracts electromagnetic valve 4 on the path 23, vacuum pump 10 is shut down simultaneously.The outlet that compressor 11 air entries and used heat extract heat exchanger 9 links to each other, the exhaust opening of compressor and heat release heat exchanger 12 import link to each other, heat release heat exchanger 12 outlet link to each other with the import of throttle part 14, the throttle part 14 that present embodiment provides can be selected heating power expansion valve for use, the outlet of throttle part 14 links to each other with the import that used heat extracts heat exchanger 9, use the copper pipe welding to form airtight refrigeration pipe between each interface, in pipeline, fill a certain amount of cold-producing medium.By the steam compression type refrigeration principle as can be known, the transfer of heat of spent hot water in airtight spent hot water's storage box 8 can be heated it in the water tank 13 that has heat effect.Transfer along with heat, the water temperature of airtight spent hot water's storage box 8 descends gradually, when temperature pick up 20 detection water temperatures drop to uniform temperature, spent hot water's empty calory extracts value, compressor quits work, electromagnetic valve 4 in spent hot water's discharge pipe is opened, and waste water can be used for the wash water of flush toilet, or discharges by sewer.For ease of clean and maintenance, the described airtight spent hot water's storage box 8 of present embodiment adopts the bottom demountable structure.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 2, a kind of life spent hot water heat extraction device that present embodiment is described, described used heat extracts heat exchanger 9, compressor 11, heat release heat exchanger 12, throttle part 14, water pump 21 and connects the system that copper pipe is formed the transfer of heat function jointly, and heat release heat exchanger 12 is connected with the water tank 13 that has heat effect by water pump 21.Heat release heat exchanger 12 in the present embodiment is selected plate exchanger for use, by water pump 21 and the water tank 13 that has heat effect, has avoided cold-producing medium to leak into the harm that brings in the water because of 12 breakages of heat release heat exchanger.

Claims (4)

1. life spent hot water heat extraction device, it extracts floor drain by the spent hot water, strainer, connecting line, electromagnetic valve, control valve, airtight spent hot water's storage box connects and composes the life spent hot water successively and extracts closed circuit, it is characterized in that in floor drain, being provided with spent hot water's adapter cavity, the spent hot water extracts path interface and waste water drainage channel interface, spent hot water in the floor drain extracts the path interface and is communicated with the water inlet of airtight spent hot water's storage box, waste water drainage channel interface in the floor drain is communicated with the delivery port of airtight spent hot water's storage box, minipump is installed in the top of airtight spent hot water's storage box, its air entry is connected with the top of airtight spent hot water's storage box, used heat extracts heat exchanger and is installed in airtight spent hot water's storage box inside, and the delivery port of airtight spent hot water's storage box is communicated with the discharge of wastewater interface of floor drain.
2. a kind of life spent hot water heat extraction device according to claim 1 is characterized in that on described spent hot water's storage box pressure sensor being installed, and pressure sensor is connected by control line with minipump.
3. a kind of life spent hot water heat extraction device according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that used heat extracts heat exchanger, compressor, heat release heat exchanger, throttle part and connects the system that copper pipe is formed the transfer of heat function jointly, the heat release heat exchanger places the water tank that has heat effect.
4. a kind of life spent hot water heat extraction device according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that used heat extracts heat exchanger, compressor, heat release heat exchanger, throttle part, water pump and connects the system that copper pipe is formed the transfer of heat function jointly, the heat release heat exchanger is connected with the water tank that has heat effect by water pump.
CNU2006201396967U 2006-11-03 2006-11-03 Domestic waste hot-water heat extraction device Expired - Lifetime CN201016179Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2006201396967U CN201016179Y (en) 2006-11-03 2006-11-03 Domestic waste hot-water heat extraction device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2006201396967U CN201016179Y (en) 2006-11-03 2006-11-03 Domestic waste hot-water heat extraction device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201016179Y true CN201016179Y (en) 2008-02-06

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ID=39056662

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2006201396967U Expired - Lifetime CN201016179Y (en) 2006-11-03 2006-11-03 Domestic waste hot-water heat extraction device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201016179Y (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100455732C (en) * 2006-11-03 2009-01-28 杭州电子科技大学 Heat extraction method of domestic waste hot water and its device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100455732C (en) * 2006-11-03 2009-01-28 杭州电子科技大学 Heat extraction method of domestic waste hot water and its device

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Effective date of abandoning: 20090128

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting