CN200980021Y - An alternating current permanent magnetic servo motor applied to a tractor without gears - Google Patents

An alternating current permanent magnetic servo motor applied to a tractor without gears Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN200980021Y
CN200980021Y CN 200620091721 CN200620091721U CN200980021Y CN 200980021 Y CN200980021 Y CN 200980021Y CN 200620091721 CN200620091721 CN 200620091721 CN 200620091721 U CN200620091721 U CN 200620091721U CN 200980021 Y CN200980021 Y CN 200980021Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
stator
rotor
winding
shaft
shell
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200620091721
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐任远
陈丽香
安忠良
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenyang University of Technology
Original Assignee
Shenyang University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenyang University of Technology filed Critical Shenyang University of Technology
Priority to CN 200620091721 priority Critical patent/CN200980021Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN200980021Y publication Critical patent/CN200980021Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

An AC permanent-magnet servo-motor for a gearless traction machine belongs to a motor technical field, comprising a shell, an engine base, a rotation shaft, a bearing, a stator, a rotor driven device and a jiggering gear, wherein the driven device is arranged upon the front end side cover rotation shaft, and the jiggering gear is arranged on a gear shaft which is arranged on the back end side cover rotation shaft, while a motor shaft is fixed on the middle of the shell via the bearing on the two sides inner wall of the shell, wherein the stator and the rotor are arranged radially around the rotation shaft one by one, and the rotor comprises a permanent magnet and a rotor holder which is fixed on the motor shaft, and the permanent magnet is spread on the outer surface of the rotor, while the stator comprises a stator yoke, a stator winding which uses a fractional slot winding cooperated with special pole slot as the number of pole to slot is 8: 9. The utility model has the advantages of simple art, reducing the winding end as decreasing copper waste to 60% around of normal winding, and improving back-EMF and air gap magnetic field waveform, and also high efficiency and low speed in stable operation or the like.

Description

A kind of AC permanent magnetic servo motor that is used for gearless machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the motor technology field, particularly a kind of AC permanent magnetic servo motor that is used for gearless machine.
Background technology
Along with Chinese economic development, particularly accession to the WTO makes China's economy stride forward major step to globalization calendar year 2001, meanwhile also driven the great development of building trade, the skyscraper scale is increasing, demand to elevator improves constantly, national elevator in 2004 is sold and is reached 110,000 ones, account for 1/3rd of whole world elevator sales volume, Chinese in recent years elevator market is with the speed increment in every year nearly 30%, average thousand people in the whole world just have an elevator, China is apart from this standard, also to increase by 80~1,000,000 elevators, at that time, only scrap every year upgrade elevator will 6~70,000, therefore be badly in need of high performance traction machine satisfies market development with motor needs.
That extensively adopts in traction machine at present has been still gear structure, therefore has problems such as whole efficiency is low, power factor is low, vibration noise is big, dynamic property is relatively poor.And in existing technology, the patent No.: CN1387300A, name is called " gearless permanent-magnet synchronous traction machine " and the patent No.: CN1464623A, name is called " gearless permanent-magnet synchronous traction machine ", common fit system is all adopted in these two kinds of motor slots cooperations, the structural shape of winding also is a general expression, will make motor have following defective like this: copper loss shared proportion in the motor total losses is quite big, the processing technology of stator punching and winding is the same with common electric machine, complicated, and the utilance of silicon steel sheet is lower.
And conventional stator iron-core lamination generally is stamped into whole round iron-core lamination, and this processing mode, the utilance of silicon steel sheet is very low.
The utility model content
In order to solve the problem of above-mentioned existence, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of AC permanent magnetic servo motor that is used for gearless machine, it is by changing the version of motor utmost point groove fit system and winding, making processing technology simple, and improved efficiency of motor.
The utility model comprises shell, support, rotating shaft, bearing, rotor, stator, brake apparatus and jiggering gear, brake apparatus is installed on the top of front end housing side rotating shaft, the jiggering gear is installed on the gear shaft of rear end cap side rotating shaft top, gear shaft is fixed on the rear end cap, on the gear shaft of housing exterior, jigger wheel is installed, machine shaft is by the middle part of the bearing fixing on the inwall of shell both sides at shell, around rotating shaft, radially set gradually rotor, stator, stationary part comprises stator yoke, stator winding, stator winding employing span is 1 fractional slot winding, stator slot shape adopts vat, it is dovetail groove, the utility model adopts novel utmost point groove fit system, and promptly number of poles and slot-number ratio are 8: 9.
Advantage of the present utility model is: the waveform that has improved back electromotive force and air gap flux density greatly, motor performance is improved, the span of winding is 1, and directly coiling when rolling off the production line need not adopted traditional rule mode, processing technology is simple, be convenient to processing, the end reduces greatly, has saved copper, reduced copper loss, improved efficiency of motor,, it is generally acknowledged no loss unshakable in one's determination on the rotor especially for permanent-magnet servo motor, do not need to use silicon steel plate stacking, this processing technology can improve the utilance of silicon steel sheet greatly, and rotor does not adopt silicon steel sheet, has formed vat after the edge-wind naturally, it is trapezoid groove structure, this class motor has the characteristics of multipole few groove, and stator yoke portion is little, is difficult to make the pears type groove structure of common electric machine, and this flute profile can guarantee that stator yoke portion is highly identical, makes the close distribution of magnetic more reasonable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall structure schematic diagram of the present utility model,
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 is the groove electromotive force star graph that the utility model adopts utmost point groove to cooperate to be winding under 8: 9 situations, and this figure is an example with 32 utmost points, 36 groove motors,
Fig. 4 is the winding diagram that the utility model adopts utmost point groove to cooperate to be winding under 8: 9 situations, and this figure is an example with 32 utmost points, 36 groove motors,
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of stator iron-core lamination manufacture craft process, and wherein (a) is the iron-core lamination schematic diagram after the punching press, (b) is the iron-core lamination schematic diagram after the edge-wind.
1. shells among the figure, 2. encoder, 3. jiggering gear, 4. rear end cap, 5. gear shaft, 6. jigger wheel, 7. screw, 8. rotor, 9. friction plate, 10. stator, 11. electromagnet, 12. bolts, 13. front end housing, 14. bearings, 15. friction pulleys, 16. rotating shafts, 17. brake-shoes, 18. brake arms.
Embodiment
Further narrate content of the present utility model below in conjunction with drawings and Examples:
Embodiment: mechanical structure of the present utility model as shown in Figure 1, comprise shell 1, rotating shaft 16, bearing 14, rotor 8, stator 10, brake apparatus and jiggering gear 3, brake apparatus comprises friction pulley 15, brake-shoe 17, brake arm 18, friction plate 9 and electromagnet 11, be installed on the top of front end housing 13 side rotating shafts 16, its effect is: after the motor stall, and braking rapidly; Jiggering gear 3 is installed on the gear shaft 5 of rear end cap 4 side rotating shafts 16 tops, gear shaft 5 is fixed on the rear end cap 4, on the gear shaft 5 of shell 1 outside, jigger wheel 6 is installed, when in running process of elevator, breaking down, for example when two floor gaps stop, manually making jigger wheel 6 runnings, drive rotating shaft 16 runnings by gear shaft 5, thereby the drive elevator lifting shifts the personal security that is confined in the elevator; Machine shaft 16 is fixed on the middle part of shell 1 by the bearing 14 on the shell 1 both sides inwall, around rotating shaft 16, radially set gradually rotor 8, stator 10, rotor 8 parts comprise permanent magnet, rotor field spider, rotor field spider is fixed on the machine shaft 16, and permanent magnet is distributed in the outer surface of rotor; Stator 10 parts comprise stator yoke, stator winding, and stator winding employing span is 1 fractional slot winding, and the flute profile of stator adopts dovetail groove: number of poles of the present utility model and slot-number ratio are 8: 9.Rear end cap 4 ends in rotating shaft 16 also are equipped with encoder 21, are used for detection signal.
This example is an example with 32 utmost points, 36 groove motors, its fractional slot winding groove electromotive force star graph, as shown in Figure 3, every extremely every phase groove number is 3/8, can improve back electromotive force and air gap flux density ground waveform effectively, reduce vibration noise and torque ripple etc., and span is 1, and directly coiling of winding is directly around to tooth, do not need rule, technology simply is convenient to processing, and the end of winding can be done the most shortly, and by shown in Figure 32,11,20,29 and 5,14,23,32 and 8,17,26,35 embedded coil reversal connections, as shown in phantom in Figure 3, be divided into A, B, the C three-phase can be realized the line of adjacent slot, guarantees that wiring is the shortest, reduce copper loss, improved efficiency of motor; Its winding diagram as shown in Figure 4, stator punching adopts processing technology as shown in Figure 5, stator punching does not need to resemble full wafer punching the common electric machine, but strike out pattern shown in Fig. 5 (a) earlier, edge-wind becomes pattern shown in Fig. 5 (b) again, seam crossing welding after the edge-wind, and guarantee after the edge-wind that interior external diameter of stator and bottom land are concentric circles.Angle θ 1, angle θ 2 equate, change with the variation of number of poles, and be 8,16,24,32 o'clock as number of poles, θ 1, θ 2 are 40 °, 20 °, 13.3 °, 10 °.This structure and processing technology have improved the utilance of silicon steel sheet greatly, especially for permanent-magnet servo motor, it is generally acknowledged no loss unshakable in one's determination on the rotor, do not need to use silicon steel plate stacking, and it is necessary more that this structure and processing technology just seem.Its operation principle: stator winding is powered by variable frequency power supply, and stator winding produces rotating magnetic field, drives the rotor rotation that permanent magnet is arranged, and rotating speed changes with the frequency change of variable frequency power supply, by changing the purpose that the variable frequency power supply frequency reaches speed governing.
Make a gearless machine permanent magnetic Ac servo motor by said structure, the payload ratings of traction machine is 1000kg, motor speed is 150r/min, stator winding is 32 utmost points, 36 groove structures, θ 1, θ 2 are 13.3 °, adopt the winding overhang of this structure to reduce, and copper loss is reduced to about 60% of common winding, vibration noise is less, and torque density is higher.Technology contents of the present utility model is applicable to other class low speed high torque motor simultaneously.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of AC permanent magnetic servo motor that is used for gearless machine, comprise shell, support, rotating shaft, bearing, rotor, stator brake apparatus and jiggering gear, brake apparatus is installed on the top of front end housing side rotating shaft, the jiggering gear is installed on the gear shaft of rear end cap side rotating shaft top, machine shaft is by the middle part of the bearing fixing on the inwall of shell both sides at shell, around rotating shaft, radially set gradually rotor, stator, rotor portion comprises permanent magnet, rotor field spider, rotor field spider is fixed on the machine shaft, permanent magnet is distributed in the outer surface of rotor, stationary part comprises stator yoke, stator winding is characterized in that the number of poles of stator winding and slot-number ratio are 8: 9.
2, a kind of AC permanent magnetic servo motor that is used for gearless machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that described stator winding employing span is 1 fractional slot winding version.
3, a kind of AC permanent magnetic servo motor that is used for gearless machine according to claim 1, the flute profile that it is characterized in that described stator is a dovetail groove.
CN 200620091721 2006-06-26 2006-06-26 An alternating current permanent magnetic servo motor applied to a tractor without gears Expired - Fee Related CN200980021Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620091721 CN200980021Y (en) 2006-06-26 2006-06-26 An alternating current permanent magnetic servo motor applied to a tractor without gears

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620091721 CN200980021Y (en) 2006-06-26 2006-06-26 An alternating current permanent magnetic servo motor applied to a tractor without gears

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN200980021Y true CN200980021Y (en) 2007-11-21

Family

ID=38980404

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200620091721 Expired - Fee Related CN200980021Y (en) 2006-06-26 2006-06-26 An alternating current permanent magnetic servo motor applied to a tractor without gears

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN200980021Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104485777A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-01 布劳恩电梯有限公司 External rotor permanent magnet synchronous traction machine
CN104539098A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 布劳恩电梯有限公司 Outer rotor permanent magnet synchronous tractor for elevator

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104485777A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-01 布劳恩电梯有限公司 External rotor permanent magnet synchronous traction machine
CN104539098A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 布劳恩电梯有限公司 Outer rotor permanent magnet synchronous tractor for elevator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201041974Y (en) A dual protrusion pole axial magnetic field permanent magnetic electromotor
CN202004600U (en) Magnetic gear based disc type composite motor with low speed and large torque
CN2862477Y (en) Transverse flux motor
CN200980021Y (en) An alternating current permanent magnetic servo motor applied to a tractor without gears
CN204089544U (en) External rotor electric machine
CN101705917A (en) Permanent-magnetic wind driven generator
CN1141775C (en) Directly driven synchronous dragger with Nd-Fe-B permanent magnetic rotor
CN1870387A (en) AC permanent magnetic servo motor for gearless tractor
CN2678952Y (en) Electrical vortex buffer
CN2777836Y (en) Permanent magnet CD non-commutation motor
CN102161455A (en) Gearless permanent-magnet synchronous driving motor used for escalator
CN202261134U (en) Outer rotor switch magnetic-resistance traction drive unit
CN202651914U (en) Permanent magnet brushless DC motor specially used for electric vehicle
CN202997896U (en) Switch magnetic resistance motor in cast-aluminum rotor structure
CN202193523U (en) Switched reluctance motor-type elevator traction machine
CN101373917A (en) Multi-disc type permanent magnet synchronous motor
CN201621003U (en) Permanent magnet wind power generator
CN202007074U (en) Gearless permanent magnetic synchronous driving host of escalator
CN101626182B (en) Capacitor-run asynchronous motor with six-pole outer rotors
CN201374634Y (en) Self-starting single-phase permanent-magnet synchronous motor
CN201137553Y (en) Wind power generator for road lamp illumination
CN201282402Y (en) Multi-disc type permanent magnet synchronous motor
CN2664262Y (en) Low-speed external rotor permanent magnet synchronous motor
CN2128800Y (en) Travel stator stepless speed regulating induction motor
CN202034842U (en) Permanent magnet synchronous servo motor for elevator

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee