CN1991020A - Cavity form component - Google Patents

Cavity form component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1991020A
CN1991020A CN 200710007101 CN200710007101A CN1991020A CN 1991020 A CN1991020 A CN 1991020A CN 200710007101 CN200710007101 CN 200710007101 CN 200710007101 A CN200710007101 A CN 200710007101A CN 1991020 A CN1991020 A CN 1991020A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
former component
cavity former
plate
sidewall
shoe
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200710007101
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱则有
Original Assignee
邱则有
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 邱则有 filed Critical 邱则有
Priority to CN 200710007101 priority Critical patent/CN1991020A/en
Publication of CN1991020A publication Critical patent/CN1991020A/en

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Abstract

Disclosed is a hollow shuttering member, which comprises an upper board (1), peripheral side panels (2) and a lower bottom board (3), the upper board (1), the peripheral side panels (2) and the lower bottom board (3) enclose a polyhedral hollow shuttering member, at least one of the upper board (1), the peripheral side panels (2) and the lower bottom (3) are provided with reinforcement articles (4), the invention can be applied to various cast-in-situ concrete hollow building slabs, house roofings, walls, foundation bedplates and hollow bridges, especially for hollow flat slabs.

Description

A kind of cavity former component
The application for the applying date be that October 21, application number in 2003 are 200310101167.9, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of cavity former component ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cavity former component.
(2) background technology
At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has various hollow sections and box, and box has hollow or solid.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom contains fabric reinforcement.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, it comprises " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component; upper plate, sidewall, the reinforces such as containing fiber or gauze wire cloth of going to the bottom on every side, characteristics such as that this cavity former component has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But, do not have in this cavity former component and add competent structure, thereby the bulk strength of cavity former component and rigidity are relatively poor, be prone to the phenomenon of cavity former component breakage, after being applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can not participate in the stressed and power transmission of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor preferably.Therefore, develop a kind of novel cavity former component for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cavity former component, have intensity height, rigidity greatly, not cracky, can participate in superstructure stressed and power transmission, make characteristics such as easy.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe on every side, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe are enclosed the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe contain reinforce at least one on every side, it is characterized in that at least one prefabricated hollow stem mould and upper plate, at least two wall in sidewall, the lower shoe is connected on every side, prefabricated hollow stem mould one end is supported on the overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with prefabricated hollow stem mould in the cavity former component, thereby the intensity height of cavity former component, rigidity greatly, are not prone to the phenomenon of cavity former component breakage, after being applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete enters in the cavity of hollow stem mould, can form the compound rod member of putting more energy into, form integral body, can participate in the stressed and power transmission of superstructure with the Cast-in-place concrete of superstructure; Simultaneously, characteristics such as that cavity former component also has is simple in structure, make easily, production efficiency is high, cost is low, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention also is in the described prefabricated hollow stem mould reinforce is arranged.Like this, after cavity former component was applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the cavity, and the intensity and the rigidity of the compound bracing boom of formation are bigger, and it is stressed better with transmission force property.
Feature of the present invention is that also reinforce and the reinforce in the cavity former component matrix in the described hollow stem mould links, and perhaps links the back reinforce and also stretches out outside the cavity former component.Like this, prefabricated hollow stem mould links for whole by the wall of reinforce and cavity former component, has improved the whole mechanical property of cavity former component greatly; If reinforce also stretches out outside the cavity former component, will be more firm then with the bonding of Cast-in-place concrete, globality will be better.
Feature of the present invention also is to be filled with cement mortar or concrete in the described hollow stem mould, perhaps also has reinforce to stretch out outside the cavity former component.Like this, behind filling concrete mortar or the concrete, the hollow stem mould has formed compound bracing boom in the hollow stem mould, and its intensity and rigidity are bigger, and the globality of cavity former component is better.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the reinforce in sidewall or the lower shoe stretches into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of each adjacent member each other on every side, perhaps also has reinforce to expose.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or sheet, band, or the above combination of said two devices, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Like this, reinforce stretches in the matrix of each adjacent member drawknot mutually, and then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity former component or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity former component at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, raised line self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, inner corner trim on the shuttering member, chamfering, groove, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least one in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib, perhaps there be in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib at least one to expose outside the cavity former component, perhaps also have reinforce to expose on stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib, perhaps muscle, net reinforce are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib and basic unit.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, stiffening rib, reinforcing rib that is provided with in the shuttering member or the stiffening rib that exposes, reinforcing rib can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then shuttering member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better; If prefabricated stiffening rib, reinforcing rib are superimposed in basic unit, then the making of shuttering member is more convenient.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component.The sound insulation of shuttering member, heat insulation, heat-insulating property have been improved like this, greatly; Simultaneously, shuttering member also has good shock resistance, has reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall for or dismountable movable part arranged.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described cavity former component, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Like this, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side, improved the adhesion between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity former component.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention also is the toss that described lower shoe is extended with toss or reveals reinforce, and perhaps plural at least cavity former component connects into the gang mould mould component by toss.Like this, lower shoe is extended with toss, when then shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can save construction formwork, has improved efficiency of construction greatly; If a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or lower shoe or toss on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one of sidewall or lower shoe be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, when shuttering member is made, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, can make the shuttering member of an opening earlier, then, with opening surface up, overlapping layers is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, shutoff opening surface again, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that basic unit is superimposed with overlapping layers to stipulating the length of time, its making is easier, production efficiency is higher, and corresponding cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity former component or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.Like this, the lower shoe of cavity former component, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate.Like this, the variation of overlapping layers manufacturing materials can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, helps reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, at least one in sidewall or the lower shoe is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, sidewall or lower shoe on every side, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight by multilayer, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with the carrying part.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily cavity former component be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is reinforce, 5 is precast hollow bar mould, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in its cavity former component, precast hollow bar mould 5 superimposed being mounted on upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, and and the wall of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 be connected.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, be provided with steel wire reinforce 4 in its precast hollow bar mould 5.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with reinforce 4 in precast hollow bar mould 5 walls, the reinforce 4 in its precast hollow bar mould 5 stretches out and is anchored in the basic unit after being integral with reinforce 4 drawknots in the basic unit of lower shoe 3 from rod end.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with reinforce 4 in precast hollow bar mould 5 walls, after being integral, reinforce 4 drawknots in the reinforce 4 in the precast hollow bar mould 5 and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 are anchored in the basic unit, one end of its precast hollow bar mould 5 stretches out outside the cavity former component, expose rod end and also expose reinforce 4 is arranged, hollow stem mould 5 inside are filled with concrete.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 stretch into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of adjacent members each other, diagram reinforce 4 is fibrous mesh cloth and thin band.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 stretch into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of adjacent members each other, diagram reinforce 4 is fibrous mesh cloth and thin band, and the horizontal profile of its cavity former component is shaped as polygon.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the upper plate 1, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with chamfering 7, groove 8, pit 9, boss module 10 and external corner 12 on its cavity former component simultaneously.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with inner corner trim 6, chamfering 7, groove 8 and raised line 11 on its cavity former component simultaneously.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with stiffening rib 13 bracing booms 14 and reinforcing rib 15 in its cavity former component simultaneously, stiffening rib 13 has part to expose outside the cavity former component.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with light material 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, diagram light material 16 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1, contain reinforce 4 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be the exasperate external surface.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its cavity former component is provided with align member 17, and illustrated position member 17 is for supporting angle.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its cavity former component is provided with the connector 18 of the usefulness that is connected to each other between the hollow mould shell, and diagram connector 18 is a socket pipe member.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1, contain reinforce 4 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 19, also is provided with carrying part 21 in the toss 19.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1, contain reinforce 4 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 19, and its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 20.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 20.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be to be formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 4 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 are enclosed the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 contain reinforce 4 at least one on every side, it is characterized in that at least one prefabricated hollow stem mould 5 and upper plate 1, at least two wall in sidewall 2, the lower shoe 3 is connected on every side, prefabricated hollow stem mould 5 one ends are supported on the overlapping layers 20.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is reinforce, 5 is precast hollow bar mould, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in its cavity former component, precast hollow bar mould 5 superimposed being mounted on upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, and and the wall of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 be connected.As Figure 16, shown in Figure 17, prefabricated hollow stem mould 5 is connected with the wall of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3, and prefabricated hollow stem mould 5 one ends are supported on the overlapping layers 20.
Feature of the present invention also is in the described prefabricated hollow stem mould 5 reinforce 4 is arranged.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, be provided with steel wire reinforce 4 in its precast hollow bar mould 5.
Feature of the present invention also is the reinforce 4 and interior reinforce 4 bindings of cavity former component matrix in the described hollow stem mould 5, perhaps links back reinforce 4 and also stretches out outside the cavity former component.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with reinforce 4 in precast hollow bar mould 5 walls, the reinforce 4 in its precast hollow bar mould 5 stretches out and is anchored in the basic unit after being integral with reinforce 4 drawknots in the basic unit of lower shoe 3 from rod end.
Feature of the present invention also is to be filled with cement mortar or concrete in the described hollow stem mould 5, perhaps also has reinforce 4 to stretch out outside the cavity former component.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with reinforce 4 in precast hollow bar mould 5 walls, after being integral, reinforce 4 drawknots in the reinforce 4 in the precast hollow bar mould 5 and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 are anchored in the basic unit, one end of its precast hollow bar mould 5 stretches out outside the cavity former component, expose rod end and also expose reinforce 4 is arranged, hollow stem mould 5 inside are filled with concrete.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, the reinforces 4 in sidewall 2 or the lower shoe 3 stretch into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of each adjacent member each other on every side, perhaps also have reinforce 4 to expose.Reinforce 4 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or sheet, band, or the above combination of said two devices, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 4.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 stretch into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of adjacent members each other, diagram reinforce 4 is fibrous mesh cloth and thin band.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity former component or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 stretch into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of adjacent members each other, diagram reinforce 4 is fibrous mesh cloth and thin band, and the horizontal profile of its cavity former component is shaped as polygon.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity former component at least one in inner corner trim 6, chamfering 7, groove 8, pit 9, boss module 10, raised line 11, the external corner 12.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the upper plate 1, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with chamfering 7, groove 8, pit 9, boss module 10 and external corner 12 on its cavity former component simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim 6, chamfering 7, groove 8, raised line 11 self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with inner corner trim 6, chamfering 7, groove 8 and raised line 11 on its cavity former component simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least one in stiffening rib 13, bracing boom 14, the reinforcing rib 15, perhaps there be in stiffening rib 13, bracing boom 14, the reinforcing rib 15 at least one to expose outside the cavity former component, perhaps also have reinforce 4 to expose on stiffening rib 13, bracing boom 14, the reinforcing rib 15, perhaps muscle, net reinforce 4 are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib 13, bracing boom 14, reinforcing rib 15 and basic unit.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with stiffening rib 13 bracing booms 14 and reinforcing rib 15 in its cavity former component simultaneously, stiffening rib 13 has part to expose outside the cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material 16 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, also be provided with light material 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, diagram light material 16 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 for or dismountable movable part arranged.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1, contain reinforce 4 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described cavity former component, at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2 is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be the exasperate external surface.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with align member 17.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its cavity former component is provided with align member 17, and illustrated position member 17 is for supporting angle.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with connector 18 connected to one another between the cavity former component.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its cavity former component is provided with the connector 18 of the usefulness that is connected to each other between the hollow mould shell, and diagram connector 18 is a socket pipe member.
Feature of the present invention also is the toss 19 that described lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 19 or reveals reinforce 4, and perhaps plural at least cavity former component connects into the gang mould mould component by toss 19.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1, contain reinforce 4 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 19, also is provided with carrying part 21 in the toss 19.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 or toss 19 on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers 20.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1, contain reinforce 4 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 19, and its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 20.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 be provided with overlapping layers 20.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 20.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate 1 of cavity former component or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.As shown in figure 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, and upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side also is provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its lower shoe 3 is the concrete plate, upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the fiber cement mortar wall.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 20 is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate.As shown in figure 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, contain reinforce 4 in the lower shoe 3, also are provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, and its overlapping layers 20 is a light aggregate concrete.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, at least one in sidewall 2 or the lower shoe 3 is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 4 of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate 1 and contain reinforce 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with precast hollow bar mould 5 in the cavity former component, its upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be to be formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 4 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with carrying part 21.Shown in Figure 15,16, the toss 19 of cavity former component is provided with carrying part 21.
During the invention process, mix the system cement mortar earlier, in mould, make one deck cement mortar one deck fibrous mesh cloth (or gauze wire cloth), the multilayer build-up of one deck cement mortar by upper plate 1 and the open cavity shuttering member that surrounds of sidewall 2 on every side again, before its sclerosis is condensed, precast hollow bar mould 5 is connected with it, sidewall 2 is extended with fibrous mesh cloth or gauze wire cloth reinforce 4 at opening part around it simultaneously, then, in the lower shoe mould, make ferro-cement lower shoe 3, the open cavity shuttering member is connected with the lower shoe 3 of setting and harden not, fibrous mesh cloth that will stretch out or gauze wire cloth reinforce 4 are anchored in the lower shoe 3 simultaneously, after treating setting and harden, maintenance promptly gets cavity former component to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of cavity former component, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) are enclosed the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) contain reinforce (4) at least one on every side, it is characterized in that at least one prefabricated hollow stem mould (5) and upper plate (1), at least two wall in sidewall (2), the lower shoe (3) is connected on every side, prefabricated hollow stem mould (5) one ends are supported on the overlapping layers (20).
2, a kind of cavity former component according to claim 1 is characterized in that in the described prefabricated hollow stem mould (5) reinforce (4) being arranged.
3, a kind of cavity former component according to claim 2, it is characterized in that reinforce (4) and interior reinforce (4) binding of cavity former component matrix in the described hollow stem mould (5), perhaps link back reinforce (4) and also stretch out outside the cavity former component.
4, a kind of cavity former component according to claim 2 is characterized in that being filled with cement mortar or concrete in the described hollow stem mould (5), perhaps also has reinforce (4) to stretch out outside the cavity former component.
5, a kind of cavity former component according to claim 1, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), the reinforce (4) in sidewall (2) or the lower shoe (3) stretches into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of each adjacent member each other on every side, perhaps also has reinforce (4) to expose.
6,, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described cavity former component or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular according to the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5.
7,, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity former component at least one in inner corner trim (6), chamfering (7), groove (8), pit (9), boss module (10), raised line (11), the external corner (12) according to the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5; Perhaps inner corner trim (6), chamfering (7), groove (8), raised line (11) self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid; Perhaps be provided with at least one in stiffening rib (13), bracing boom (14), the reinforcing rib (15) in the enclosed cavity of cavity former component, perhaps there be in stiffening rib (13), bracing boom (14), the reinforcing rib (15) at least one to expose outside the cavity former component, perhaps stiffening rib (13), bracing boom (14), reinforcing rib (15) are gone up and are also had reinforce (4) to expose, and perhaps muscle, net reinforce (4) are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib (13), bracing boom (14), reinforcing rib (15) and basic unit.
8,, it is characterized in that being provided with light material (16) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component according to the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5; Perhaps upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) for or dismountable movable part arranged; Perhaps the upper plate of cavity former component (1), at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2) is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side; Perhaps cavity former component is provided with align member (17); Perhaps cavity former component is provided with connector connected to one another (18) between the cavity former component.
9, according to the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that the toss (19) that described lower shoe (3) is extended with toss (19) or reveals reinforce (4), perhaps plural at least cavity former component connects into the gang mould mould component by toss (19); Perhaps at least one of upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) or toss (19) on every side is provided with overlapping layers (20); Perhaps upper plate (1) or on every side at least one of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) be provided with overlapping layers (20).
10, according to the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity former component (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete; Perhaps overlapping layers (20) is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate; Perhaps upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2) or the lower shoe (3) is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net (4) is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side; Perhaps cavity former component is provided with carrying part (21).
CN 200710007101 2003-10-21 2003-10-21 Cavity form component CN1991020A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200710007101 CN1991020A (en) 2003-10-21 2003-10-21 Cavity form component

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200710007101 CN1991020A (en) 2003-10-21 2003-10-21 Cavity form component

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2003101011679A Division CN1296583C (en) 2003-10-21 2003-10-21 Hollow form structural member

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1991020A true CN1991020A (en) 2007-07-04

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Family Applications (1)

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CN 200710007101 CN1991020A (en) 2003-10-21 2003-10-21 Cavity form component

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1991020A (en)

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