CN1990065B - Portable life saving device in high building - Google Patents

Portable life saving device in high building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1990065B
CN1990065B CN2005100623145A CN200510062314A CN1990065B CN 1990065 B CN1990065 B CN 1990065B CN 2005100623145 A CN2005100623145 A CN 2005100623145A CN 200510062314 A CN200510062314 A CN 200510062314A CN 1990065 B CN1990065 B CN 1990065B
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China
Prior art keywords
fixed pulley
casing
rope
rope wheels
high building
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2005100623145A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1990065A (en
Inventor
章绿林
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2005100623145A priority Critical patent/CN1990065B/en
Publication of CN1990065A publication Critical patent/CN1990065A/en
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Publication of CN1990065B publication Critical patent/CN1990065B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to lifesaving equipment for landing and self-rescuer in high buildings in case of emergency, particularly a portable high building escape device. The bulk of prior high building escape device is huge, the structure is complex, and the use is inconvenient when emergency. The technology program of the invention is: a portable high building escape device which is characterized by a box body with top cover and handle and seat belts connecting with the box body, the box body is equipped with matching cord pulley and fixed pulley, the cord pulley is wound runner ropes, one end of rope is fixed on the cord pulley and other end through the fixed pulley extends the box body and connects with building, said ropes cord pulley and fixed pulley are equipped with elastic plate which can adjust rotate speed. The invention has ingenious ideas and smart volume, can be used for escaping in high hotels or residential buildings, it adjusts rotate speed of rotary wheel relying on two arrangements for speed regulation in different structures to adjusting ropes releasing and making the escape personnel land safely.

Description

Portable life saving device in high building
[technical field]
The invention belongs to buoyant apparatus, the landing when being used for high-rise generation emergency is saved oneself, particularly a kind of portable life saving device in high building.
[background technology]
Along with economic development, high-rise commercial building, office building and dwelling house are more and more.The inconvenience but high-rise is escaped when running into fire or similar accidents such as " 9.11 ", this moment people wish can be quick, safe the outer ground of arrival building on.Existing high-rise escape apparatus is bulky, and complex structure uses very inconvenient under the emergency.
[summary of the invention]
The safe escape problem of the present invention when solving existing high-rise generation emergency provides a kind of volume simple in structure small and exquisite portable life saving device in high building, and the survivor is predeterminable or adjust sinking speed in the landing process at any time.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that the prior art problem adopted: a kind of portable life saving device in high building, it is characterized in that having the casing and the connected safety belt of a band top cover and handle, be provided with the rope wheels and the fixed pulley that match in the casing, be wound with rope on the rope wheels, rope one end is fixedly connected on the runner, the other end is connected with building through stretching out casing behind the fixed pulley, is equipped with the elastic plate device that same structure can be regulated velocity of rotation on described rope wheels and the fixed pulley.During use rope pulled out and be fixed on the building, by safety belt escape apparatus handle and people are linked together, dependence is arranged on the velocity of rotation that the elastic plate device on rope wheels and the fixed pulley is regulated runner and fixed pulley, and control rope rate of release is realized the escape that descends.
Elastic plate device described in the present invention comprises two groups of elastic plates that are positioned at rope wheels and fixed pulley both sides, every group of elastic plate is made of two blocks of folder power plates that connect by spring, folder power plate near rope wheels and fixed pulley one side is provided with the folder dynamic braking sheet that can contact rope wheels and fixed pulley, casing is provided with the screw rod that correspondence is passed rope wheels and fixed pulley and folder power plate, the one end stretches out box shape and becomes turning handle, and screw rod cooperates with folder power plate spiral.Pass through rotating screw bolt, promote folder power plate toward a side shifting,, rely on the folder dynamic braking sheet that is arranged on the folder power plate and the CONTACT WITH FRICTION of rope wheels and fixed pulley along with elastic plate is adjacent to gradually, the velocity of rotation of control rope wheels and fixed pulley, and then the rate of release of change rope.
Elastic plate device described in the present invention comprises two blocks of top power plates that couple together by spring that are arranged on rope wheels and fixed pulley one side, on the top power plate of rope wheels and fixed pulley one side, bow-shaped support is housed, post the top dynamic braking sheet that can contact rope wheels and fixed pulley on it, be installed with a promotion top power plate on the casing and move inward the push rod that contacts rope wheels and fixed pulley, the one end stretches out box shape and becomes rocking handle, push rod cooperates with top power plate spiral, is provided with the back-moving spring that the pulling elastic plate resets in the casing.Rotation rocking handle during use, push rod promote pulling force that top power plate overcomes back-moving spring to be made and moves inward, and makes top dynamic braking sheet and rope wheels and fixed pulley friction, and top power plate moves inward many more, the frictional force increase, and rope wheels and fixed pulley velocity of rotation are slack-off; The backward rotation rocking handle, push rod is return, and top power plate retreats under the effect of back-moving spring and resets, and away from rope wheels and fixed pulley, frictional force reduces, and the velocity of rotation of rope wheels and fixed pulley is accelerated.Adjust the velocity of rotation of two-wheeled with this, the rotation of control rope wheels and top block, the adjustment release rope allows escape personnel's safe falling.
Be provided with the bearing that matches with screw rod in the casing described in the present invention.Effectively reduce friction, increase the service life.
Be provided with the bearing that matches with push rod in the casing described in the present invention.Effectively reduce friction, increase the service life.
The present invention is skillfully constructed, and volume is small and exquisite, is convenient for carrying, and can be widely used in the escape of high building hotel or dwelling house and uses, and relies on the arrangements for speed regulation of two kinds of different structures to change the runner velocity of rotation, regulates rope and discharges, and allows escape personnel's safe falling.Rope can adopt the rope more than two strands to be entwined in addition, prevents the unexpected fracture that the wearing and tearing of single rope cause, and strengthens security performance; Pull out the quick draw that the rope head is provided with on a hook and the runner and be connected establishing on the top cover inwall, open top cover during use and take the runner rope out of, use more convenient.
The present invention is described further below in conjunction with description of drawings and the specific embodiment.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1: the embodiment of the invention 1 structural representation.
Fig. 2: the embodiment of the invention 2 structural representations.
Among the figure: 1. casing, 2. rope wheels, 3. fixed pulley, 4. rope, 5-1. folder power plate, 5-2. top power plate, 6-1. folder dynamic braking sheet, 6-2. top dynamic braking sheet, 7-1. screw rod, 7-2. push rod, 8-1. turning handle, 8-2. rocking handle.
[specific embodiment]
Embodiment 1 as shown in Figure 1, portable life saving device in high building comprises the casing 1 of a band top cover and handle, with belt on the casing handle, be provided with the rope wheels 2 and the fixed pulley 3 that match in the casing, be wound with rope 4 on the rope wheels, rope one end is fixedly connected on the runner 2, the other end can be connected with building through stretching out casing behind the fixed pulley 3, be equipped with same structure on rope wheels 2 and the fixed pulley 3 and can regulate the elastic plate device of wheel turns speed, described elastic plate device comprises two groups of elastic plates that are positioned at rope wheels and fixed pulley both sides, every group of elastic plate is made of two folder power plate 5-1 that connect by spring, folder power plate near rope wheels and fixed pulley one side is provided with the 6-1 folder dynamic braking sheet that can contact rope wheels and fixed pulley, casing is provided with two screw rod 7-1 that correspondence is passed rope wheels 2 and fixed pulley 3 and folder power plate 5-1, screw rod one end stretches out box shape and becomes turning handle 8-1, and screw rod cooperates with folder power plate 5-1 spiral.
Pulling out rope 4 one ends during use is fixed in the building (on windowsill), after fastening one's safety belt, the escape personnel climbs out of building, the turning handle 8-1 that rotates on the casing 1 with hand drives screw rod 7-1 rotation, screw rod promotes folder power plate 5-1 toward medial movement, along with the folder power plate of wheel both sides is adjacent to gradually, folder dynamic braking sheet 6-1 and rope wheels 2 and fixed pulley 3 CONTACT WITH FRICTION, change folder power plate displacement and regulate frictional force, can control the velocity of rotation of rope wheels 2 and fixed pulley 3, change the rate of release of rope 4, escape personnel's safety is descended, and the rotation direction that wherein changes turning handle can be adjusted the displacement of folder power plate.
Embodiment 2 as shown in the figure, portable life saving device in high building comprises the casing 1 of a band top cover and handle, with belt on the casing handle, be provided with the rope wheels 2 and the fixed pulley 3 that match in the casing, be wound with rope 4 on the rope wheels, rope one end is fixedly connected on the rope wheels 2, the other end can be connected with building through stretching out casing behind the fixed pulley 3, be equipped with same structure on rope wheels 2 and the fixed pulley 3 and can regulate the elastic plate device of wheel turns speed, described elastic plate device comprises two top power plate 5-2 that couple together by spring that are arranged on rope wheels 2 and fixed pulley 3 one sides, on the top power plate of rope wheels and fixed pulley one side, bow-shaped support is housed, post the top dynamic braking sheet 6-2 that can contact rope wheels and fixed pulley on it, be installed with a promotion top power plate 5-2 on the casing 1 and move inward the push rod 7-2 that contacts rope wheels and fixed pulley, the one end stretches out the casing 1 outer rocking handle 8-2 that forms, push rod cooperates with top power plate spiral, is provided with the back-moving spring (not shown) that the pulling elastic plate resets in the casing.
Pulling out rope 4 one ends during use is fixed in the building (on windowsill), after fastening one's safety belt, the escape personnel climbs out of building, the rocking handle 8-2 that rotates on the casing 1 with hand drives push rod 7-2 rotation, the pulling force that push rod promotion top power plate 5-2 overcomes back-moving spring moves inward, make 3 frictions of top dynamic braking sheet 6-2 and rope wheels 2 and fixed pulley, both velocity of rotation of slowing down, the rotation of control rope wheels 2 and top block 3, adjustment release rope 4 allows escape personnel's safe falling; Backward rotation rocking handle 8-2, push rod 7-2 returns, and top power plate 5-2 retreats under the effect of back-moving spring and resets, and away from rope wheels and fixed pulley, frictional force reduces gradually, and the velocity of rotation of rope wheels and fixed pulley is accelerated.The displacement of top power plate is adjusted in acting in conjunction by push rod and back-moving spring, changes the frictional force size of top dynamic braking sheet and rope wheels and fixed pulley, regulates the rope rate of release.

Claims (5)

1. portable life saving device in high building, it is characterized in that having the casing (1) and the connected safety belt of a band top cover and handle, be provided with the rope wheels (2) and the fixed pulley (3) that match in the casing, be wound with rope (4) on the rope wheels, rope one end is fixedly connected on the runner, the other end is connected with building through stretching out casing behind the fixed pulley, is equipped with the elastic plate device that same structure can be regulated velocity of rotation on described rope wheels and the fixed pulley.
2. portable life saving device in high building according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described elastic plate device comprises two groups of elastic plates that are positioned at rope wheels (2) and fixed pulley (3) both sides, every group of elastic plate is made of two blocks of folder power plates (5-1) that connect by spring, folder power plate near rope wheels and fixed pulley one side is provided with the folder dynamic braking sheet (6-1) that can contact rope wheels and fixed pulley, casing (1) is provided with the screw rod (7-1) that correspondence is passed rope wheels and fixed pulley and folder power plate, the one end stretches out the outer turning handle (8-1) that forms of casing (1), screw rod cooperates with folder power plate spiral, is provided with the back-moving spring that the pulling elastic plate resets in the casing.
3. portable life saving device in high building according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described elastic plate device comprises two blocks of top power plates (5-2) that couple together by spring that are arranged on rope wheels (2) and fixed pulley (3) one sides, on the top power plate of rope wheels and fixed pulley one side, bow-shaped support is housed, post the top dynamic braking sheet (6-2) that can contact rope wheels and fixed pulley on it, be installed with a promotion top power plate (5-2) on the casing (1) and move inward the push rod (7-2) that contacts rope wheels and fixed pulley, the one end stretches out the outer rocking handle (8-2) that forms of casing (1), and push rod cooperates with top power plate spiral.
4. portable life saving device in high building according to claim 2 is characterized in that being provided with in the described casing (1) and bearing that screw rod (7-1) matches.
5. portable life saving device in high building according to claim 3 is characterized in that being provided with in the described casing (1) and bearing that push rod (7-2) matches.
CN2005100623145A 2005-12-27 2005-12-27 Portable life saving device in high building Expired - Fee Related CN1990065B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2005100623145A CN1990065B (en) 2005-12-27 2005-12-27 Portable life saving device in high building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2005100623145A CN1990065B (en) 2005-12-27 2005-12-27 Portable life saving device in high building

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1990065A CN1990065A (en) 2007-07-04
CN1990065B true CN1990065B (en) 2010-12-01

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101653641B (en) * 2008-11-18 2011-10-05 毕子熙 Mechanical rescue curtain box
CN110104573B (en) * 2019-05-06 2020-05-01 中启胶建集团有限公司 Firm strong performance lifts by crane equipment structure for building engineering
CN112843509B (en) * 2021-01-13 2021-10-29 四川洲集应急服务有限公司 Assembled quick-falling escape device for fire emergency training

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2303648Y (en) * 1997-07-07 1999-01-13 杨朝杰 Hand-braking life escaping apparatus
CN2553834Y (en) * 2002-06-14 2003-06-04 蓝伟民 Self-control lifesaving back pack
CN2868335Y (en) * 2005-12-27 2007-02-14 章绿林 Portable building life-escaping device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2303648Y (en) * 1997-07-07 1999-01-13 杨朝杰 Hand-braking life escaping apparatus
CN2553834Y (en) * 2002-06-14 2003-06-04 蓝伟民 Self-control lifesaving back pack
CN2868335Y (en) * 2005-12-27 2007-02-14 章绿林 Portable building life-escaping device

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