CN1981308A - Money item dispensing apparatus - Google Patents

Money item dispensing apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1981308A
CN1981308A CN 200580022805 CN200580022805A CN1981308A CN 1981308 A CN1981308 A CN 1981308A CN 200580022805 CN200580022805 CN 200580022805 CN 200580022805 A CN200580022805 A CN 200580022805A CN 1981308 A CN1981308 A CN 1981308A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
coin
coins
apparatus
means
path
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CN 200580022805
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
M·R·H·贝尔
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货币控制有限公司
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Priority to GB0415276A priority Critical patent/GB2416061A/en
Application filed by 货币控制有限公司 filed Critical 货币控制有限公司
Publication of CN1981308A publication Critical patent/CN1981308A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D9/00Counting coins; Handling of coins not provided for in the other groups of this subclass
    • G07D9/008Feeding coins from bulk
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D3/00Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations
    • G07D3/14Apparatus driven under control of coin-sensing elements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D5/00Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of coins, e.g. for segregating coins which are unacceptable or alien to a currency
    • G07D5/08Testing the magnetic or electric properties
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F1/00Coin inlet arrangements; Coins specially adapted to operate coin-freed mechanisms
    • G07F1/04Coin chutes

Abstract

The application relates to money item dispensing apparatus (1, 123) having a money item acceptor (10, 124) and a hopper arrangement (23, 126). The application further relates to money item dispensing apparatus (1) having sorting means (15, 16, 17) operable to selectively direct a money item (12) to one of a first money item store (27) and a second money item store (142), to money item dispensing apparatus (139) having two hopper arrangements (23, 150), to a money item acceptor (10) having a self-clearing mechanism (37, 38), to a money item conveyor (160), to a method of purging the money items in a money item dispensing apparatus, to money item dispensing apparatus (1, 123, 139) having means for ejecting a money item from a receptacle through an outlet via a first path to a return tray and via a second path into a cashbox, to a method of filling a money item dispensing apparatus (180) and filling apparatus (170) for filling a money item dispensing apparatus (180).

Description

钱币分配装置 Coin dispensing apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及钱币分配装置、钱币接受器、钱币传送带、清除钱币分配装置中的钱币的方法、充填钱币分配装置的方法、用于充填钱币分配装置的充填装置。 The present invention relates to coin dispensing apparatus, coin acceptor, coin conveyor, the method of removing coins coin dispensing apparatus, the method coin dispensing apparatus is filled, filling means for filling the coin dispensing apparatus. 更特别地,本发明涉及用于娱乐机器、自动售货机的装置,或其它用于接收、接受、存储以及分配硬币和代币的硬币或代币操作机器、清除钱币分配装置中的钱币的方法、用于充填钱币分配装置的传送带和装置以及方法。 Method More particularly, the present invention relates to entertainment machines, vending machine apparatus, or other device for receiving, receiving, storing and dispensing coins and tokens of coins or tokens operating the machine, removing coins coin dispensing apparatus , money dispensing means for filling and conveyor apparatus and methods.

背景技术 Background technique

用来支付和接收钱币的钱币操作机器,例如自动售货机和娱乐机器通常包括内部接受器和内部料斗。 And receiving money to pay coins to operate the machines, such as vending machines and entertainment machines typically include an internal receptacle and the hopper. 被插入的钱币,例如硬币和代币进入接受器后,接受器验证它们的真实性并且如果被接受的话,钱币随后可被引入到用于存储和随后进行支付的料斗中。 Inserted coins, coins and tokens, for example, after entering the receptacle, the receptacle verify their authenticity and, if accepted, then money can be introduced into a hopper for storage and subsequent payments in. 料斗被致动,以便在需要支付给用户,例如在用户赢得了现金或代币的情况下用于分配钱币,或者在例如用户插入了太多的钱币的情况下用于找零。 The case where the hopper is actuated so as to be paid to the user, for example, the user wins cash or tokens for dispensing coins for change or in the case where, for example, the user too many coins inserted.

传统的钱币接受器包括下降路径,沿该路径,钱币沿边缘行进而通过具有多个传感器的检测站。 Coin acceptor include conventional descending path, along the path, along the edge of the coin travels through detecting station having a plurality of sensors. 这些传感器检测输入钱币的性质,相应的信号被提供至确定钱币真实性的处理器。 These sensors detect the nature of the input coins, a corresponding signal is provided to a processor to determine the authenticity of the coin. 这种接受器的例子可见于我们的GB-A-0307880,GB-A-2169429以及WO 99/23615中。 Examples of such receptacles may be found in our GB-A-0307880, GB-A-2169429 and in WO 99/23615.

用于接收、存储和排出硬币的料斗是已知的,其中的一个例子公开在我们的EP-A-0080842中。 Means for receiving, storing and discharging of the coin hopper is known, an example of which is disclosed in our EP-A-0080842 in. 它涉及一种指的是通用料斗的料斗装置,它由钱币控制有限公司(Money Controls Limited)制造。 It refers to a general relates to a hopper of the hopper apparatus, which controls Limited (Money Controls Limited) manufactured by the coins. 该装置通过使用容纳在料斗内部的传送带来将钱币输送至出口而克服了现有料斗设计的一些问题。 By using the apparatus in the transmission housed inside the hopper outlet to bring the coins conveyed overcomes some of the problems of the prior hopper designs. 该传送带包括多个通过铰链相互连接的部分,每一个部分具有被设计用来形成位于传送带表面上的硬币箱的凸缘。 The belt portion includes a plurality of mutually connected by a hinge, each portion having a flange designed to form a coin box located on the conveyor surface. 通常,传送带是静止的,但是,当人们通过该装配有硬币处理机构的机器游戏并获得了获胜线时,即需要进行支付,此时将产生适当的信号,用于致动传送带电机并且驱动该传送带。 Typically, the conveyor is stationary, however, when people have a coin processing by means of the game machine assembly and access to the winning line, i.e., payment is required, then an appropriate signal is generated for actuating the motor and drives the conveyor conveyor belt. 这使得传送带被驱动穿过存储在料斗中的硬币,以使得一些硬币落入到相邻凸缘之间的传送带上的空间。 This allows the belt to be driven through the coins stored in the hopper, so that the number of coins fall into the space between the flanges of adjacent conveyor. 这些硬币因此朝向出口点向上携带,其中每一个凸缘上具有一个硬币,通过出口支出而作为奖金。 These coins thus carried toward the exit point upward, having a flange on each of a coin through the outlet expenditures as a bonus.

尽管通用料斗装置提供了很多优点,但是在这些单元被安装到具有传统接受器单元的机器中时仍保持有很多缺点。 Although common hopper means offers many advantages, but is attached to the these units have many disadvantages remain a machine having a conventional receptacle unit. 其中的一个缺点是,接受器钱币输入点和硬币被引向其的钱币返回托盘之间的间隙的尺寸远离接受器或料斗。 One disadvantage is that the coin acceptor a coin entry point and which is directed towards the coin return the size of the gap between the tray away from the receptacle or hopper. 接受器必须通常被定位在机器内部的料斗上方这一事实,以及该两个单元应该被制造的牢固和相对坚固一些并且因此非常大,结果是导致用户钱币输入点和返回托盘之间的间隙相对很大。 Upper hopper receptacle must be located within the machine typically fact, relatively rigid and firm and the two units should be produced and therefore a number of very large, the result is a coin entry point and cause the user to return the gap between the opposing tray great. 这意味着该机器需要被提供面积足够大的用户可接近区域,以便容纳间隔相对较宽的输入点和返回托盘。 This means that the machine needs to be large enough to provide the user accessible area of ​​the region to accommodate the relatively wide spacing of the input point and the return tray. 输入点和返回托盘之间的间隙对于用户来说也可能是不方便的,特别是对于安装在灯光模糊区域的游戏机,在那里,输出托盘很难定位。 A gap between the entry point and the return tray for the user may be inconvenient, especially for the gaming machine installed in the light gray zone, where the output tray difficult to locate.

当前所使用的装置的另一缺点是,接受器和料斗单元必须被这样安装,即在接受器硬币出口和料斗硬币入口之间有连续的硬币路径。 A further disadvantage of the currently used apparatus is that the receptacle and the hopper unit to be mounted such that there is a continuous path between the coin and the coin outlet of the hopper coin receptacle inlet. 这在一些自动售货机或游戏机上被证明是不方便的,特别是在机器内部缺少这些空间时。 This proved to be inconvenient in some vending or gaming, especially inside the machine when the lack of space. 这还使得该装置的安装复杂化并且因此昂贵。 This also makes the installation of the apparatus is complicated and therefore expensive.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明试图克服这些问题。 The present invention seeks to overcome these problems. 在本发明的第一方面中,提供了一种钱币分配装置,包括壳体,在该壳体内包括钱币接受器,可选择地驱动的环形传送带,它的路径包括钱币接收部分,和钱币存储器,用于接收来自钱币接受器的钱币,并将待分配的一批钱币顺序进给至所述钱币接收部分,该传送带在其上具有多个容器,当传送带经过钱币接收部分中的钱币并将其输送至出口点时,每一个容器在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币。 In a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a coin dispensing apparatus comprising a housing, an endless conveyor belt comprising a coin acceptor, selectively driven in the housing, which path includes a coin receiving portion, and a memory coins, It means for receiving coins from the coin receptacle, and the number of coins to be dispensed sequentially fed to the coin receiving portion, the belt having a plurality of containers thereon, the conveyor belt when the coins through the coin receiving portion and when delivered to the exit point, each container adapted to carry a coin to be dispensed in use.

还提供了一种钱币分配装置,包括壳体,在该壳体内包括钱币接受器,可选择地驱动的旋转件,它基本上为盘形并具有多个呈环形布置的钱币接受器,钱币存储器,用于接收来自钱币接受器的钱币,并将待分配的一批钱币连续进给至所述多个钱币容器,和电机,用于选择性地驱动旋转件,以便将钱币输送至出口点。 It is also provided a coin dispensing apparatus comprising a housing, comprising coin receptacle within the housing selectively driven rotary member, which is substantially disc shaped and having a plurality of annular shape arranged coin acceptor, coin memory for receiving the coins from the coin receptacle, and the number of coins to be dispensed is continuously fed to said plurality of coin containers, and a motor for selectively driving the rotary member for delivering coins to the exit point.

这种装置通过提供一种装置来克服先前的局限,其中该装置具有在其内包括接受器和料斗的壳体。 This means to overcome the previous limitations by providing an apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises a housing having a receptacle therein and a hopper. 因此,本发明的装置可具有更好的可靠性、紧凑性并且比先前已知的装置更容易安装。 Thus, the apparatus of the present invention can have better reliability, compactness, and the device is easier to install than previously known.

当前料斗的支付速度受到因素,例如传送带可被驱动的最大速度的限制。 Hopper's current pay rate by factors, such as limiting the maximum speed of the conveyor can be driven. 料斗能够更快地支付钱币,但是不损害支付精度通常是有利的。 Hopper able to pay the money sooner, but without compromising the accuracy of pay is often advantageous. 大容量的料斗也是有利的,它对于例如娱乐场所的自动售货机设备可提供更快的支付。 Large-capacity hopper is also advantageous, it is faster to pay for entertainment such as vending equipment available.

为克服这些局限,在本发明的另一方面中,提供了一种钱币分配装置,包括第一可选择地驱动的环形传送带,它的路径包括第一钱币接收部分,第一钱币存储器,用于将待分配的第一批钱币顺序进给至所述第一钱币接收部分,该第一传送带在其上具有多个容器,当第一传送带经过第一钱币接收部分中的第一批钱币并将其输送至第一出口点时,每一个容器在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币,可选择地驱动的第二环形传送带,它的路径包括第二钱币接收部分,和第二钱币存储器,用于将待分配的第二批钱币顺序进给至所述第二钱币接收部分,该第二传送带在其上具有多个容器,当第二传送带经过第二钱币接收部分中的第二批钱币并将其输送至第二出口点时,每一个容器在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币。 To overcome these limitations, in another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a coin dispensing apparatus comprising a first endless conveyor belt driven selectively, its path includes a coin receiving a first portion, a first coin memory for the first coins to be dispensed sequentially fed to said first money receiving portion, the first conveyor having a plurality of containers thereon, the first conveyor when the coin passes a first receiving portion of the first coin and when it is conveyed to the first exit point, each container adapted, in use, carries coins to be dispensed, a second endless belt selectively driven, which path comprises a second coin receiving portion, and a second memory coins, with a second batch of coins to be dispensed sequentially fed to the coin receiving portion of the second, the second conveyor having a plurality of containers thereon, when the second conveyor belt through a second receiving portion of the second batch of coins and coin when it is conveyed to the second exit point, each container adapted to carry a coin to be dispensed in use.

这种具有两个料斗装置的设备与传统的单料斗设备相比增加了该装置的存储容量和支付速度。 Such a device having a single hopper device with two hoppers conventional devices increase the storage capacity as compared to the speed of the device and the payment. 双料斗的另一优点是,当一个料斗在使用中出现故障时,硬币仍可通过另一个料斗装置的操作而返回至用户。 A further advantage is that dual hopper, when a fault occurs in the use of a hopper, the coin is returned to the user through a still another operation of the hopper apparatus. 这与单料斗装置的局限形成了对比。 This is in contrast with the limitations of a single hopper apparatus.

在本发明的另一方面中,提供了一种钱币分配装置,包括第一料斗装置,具有第一可选择地驱动的环形传送带,它的路径包括第一钱币接收部分,和第一钱币存储器,用于将待分配的第一批钱币顺序进给至所述第一钱币接收部分,该第一传送带在其上具有多个容器,当第一传送带经过第一钱币接收部分中的第一批钱币并将其输送至第一出口点时,每一个容器在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币,其中钱币分配装置包括分拣装置,可操作用于接收钱币并将该钱币选择性地引向第一钱币存储器,并且其中所述分拣装置还可操作用于将钱币引向与第二料斗装置相连的第二钱币存储器。 In another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a coin dispensing apparatus comprises a first hopper means, a first endless belt having a selectively driven, which path comprises a first coin receiving portion, and a first memory coins, the first order for the coins to be dispensed is fed into said first money receiving portion, the first conveyor having a plurality of containers thereon, the first conveyor when the coin passes a first receiving portion of the first coin a first time and sending it to the exit point, each container is adapted, in use, carries coins to be dispensed, wherein the dispensing apparatus comprises a coin sorting means operable to receive coins and the coin is selectively directed to a first Coin memory, and wherein said sorting means further operable to be coupled to a second coin storage coin toward the second hopper means.

因此,该包括单料斗装置的设备能够被“升级”为包括两个料斗装置的设备。 Thus, the apparatus comprising a single hopper device can be "upgraded" is a device comprising two hoppers devices. 因此其优点在于,双料斗设备的制造程序被极大地简化了,这是由于它们的设计的大部分就是单料斗装置。 Thus the advantage that dual hopper device manufacturing process is greatly simplified, because most of them is a single hopper apparatus design. 这明显具有成本效益。 This is clearly cost effective. 该设备的操作者同样具有额外的灵活性,即能够在具有单料斗装置的设备和具有两个料斗装置的设备之间切换。 The operator of the apparatus also has the additional flexibility of being able to switch between devices and apparatus having a single hopper having two hopper device apparatus.

有时候,其上涂覆有不希望的粘性物质的钱币被插入到接受器并且粘在接受器机构中。 Sometimes, which is coated with viscous material undesirable coins are inserted into the receptacle and is stuck in the receptacle means. 通常在这种情况下,一旦认识到该机器既不接受也不返回他们的钱币,则用户可按压机器前部的按钮以便致动接受器的清除程序。 Usually in this case, once the machine received neither recognized nor return to their coins, the user can press the button on the front of the machine to actuate receptacle cleaners. 该系统的缺点在于,它取决于用户能意识到钱币被卡在机构中并且知道他们必须采取的步骤以松开这些钱币。 The disadvantage of this system is that it depends on the user to realize that money is stuck in the steps of institutions and know that they must take in order to release these coins.

本发明试图克服该问题。 The present invention seeks to overcome this problem. 根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种钱币接受器,包括钱币下降路径,感应装置,用于感应钱币并且提供至少一个感应输出信号,电机装置,用于执行下降路径的清除程序,和处理装置,可操作用于判定感应输出信号何时采用预定值关系,并且与此响应,提供第一处理器输出信号以起动清除程序。 According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a coin acceptor, coin descending path comprising, sensing means for sensing coins and providing at least a sensed output signal, motor means for performing the scavenger descending path, and processing means operable for determining when the sensed output signal takes a predetermined value relationship, and in response to this, the processor provides a first output signal to start the purge process.

这种钱币接受器可具有自动松开被卡在设备内的钱币的优点,而无需用户命令的动作。 Such coin acceptor may have the advantage of being automatically released coins stuck in the apparatus, without a user operation command.

该钱币接受器还可包括第一传感器,用于沿下降路径检测处于第一位置的钱币并提供第一输出信号,和第二传感器,用于沿下降路径检测处于第二位置的钱币并提供第二输出信号,其中处理装置判定第一和第二输出信号何时采用预定值关系,并且与此响应,提供一控制信号以起动清除程序。 The coin acceptor may also include a first sensor for detecting coins along a descending path in the first position and providing a first output signal, and a second sensor for detecting at coins along a descending path and a second position providing a first a second output signal, wherein the processing means determines when the first and second output signals using a predetermined value relationship, and in response to this, providing a control signal to start the purge process.

根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种在钱币分配装置中使用的钱币传送带,其中所述传送带基本上由单个制模形成。 According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a conveyor belt for use in a money coin dispensing device, wherein the conveyor belt is substantially formed of a single molding.

在单个制模中形成该传动带降低了制造成本,并使得需要用来形成传送带的元件的数量最少,因此简化了设计并使得传送带机构发生故障的风险最小。 The belt is formed to reduce manufacturing costs in a single molding, and such that the minimum number required to form the belt elements, thus simplifying the design and minimizes the risk of failure of the belt mechanism.

在一些情况下,需要排空料斗内的所有内容物,例如在职员取走营业收入的那天的结束。 In some cases, emptying all the contents in the hopper, such as removal of the end of the day in revenue staff. 在该情形下,适当的信号被提供至该设备中的微处理器,用于驱动传送带电机以便从料斗出口连续地排出钱币至钱币返回托盘在清除传统料斗的内容物时,钱币返回至返回托盘,并且取走料斗中的内容物的人们必须将袋子或其它这种容器定位在返回托盘之下以用于收集钱币。 In this case, an appropriate signal is provided to a microprocessor in the apparatus, the motor for driving the conveyor belt to discharge coins from the coin hopper outlet is continuously returned to the tray when clearing the contents of a conventional hopper, coins returned to the tray return and where people take the contents of the hopper must be a bag or other container is positioned for collecting this coin return tray below. 这证明是很困难并且耗时的,还增加了抢劫和诈骗的风险,这是因为在离开机器的时候,钱币未处于安全的容器中。 This proved to be very difficult and time-consuming, but also increases the risk of robbery and fraud, because when leaving the machine, the money is not in a safe container. 本发明试图克服该问题。 The present invention seeks to overcome this problem.

根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种清除钱币操作机器的钱币分配装置中的钱币的方法,该方法包括将来自与分配装置相连的钱币源的钱币进给至容器中,将容器内的钱币移动至与分配装置的出口相连的位置处,和经由出口将钱币排出至容纳在该机器中的钱箱。 According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of coin dispensing apparatus of the coins to clear coins operation of the machine, the method comprising the coins from the coin dispensing device is connected to the source feeding into a container, the inner container at a position connected to the outlet of the coin dispensing device moves, and a cash box receiving coins discharged to the machine via the outlet.

还提供了一种用于钱币操作机器的钱币分配装置,该装置包括:钱币源,钱币容器,用于将来自钱币源的钱币进给至容器中的装置,用于将容器中的钱币移动至与出口相连的位置处的电机装置,用于将来自容器中的钱币通过出口并经由第一路径排出至钱币返回托盘以使得用户取走的装置,和用于将来自容器中的钱币通过出口并经由第二路径排出至钱箱的装置。 Coin dispensing apparatus is also provided for operation of the machine coins, the apparatus comprising: a source of coins, coin container, for coins from the coin source into a container feeding device for moving the coins to the container motor means connected to the outlet at a position of a container for the coins from the coin through the outlet and is discharged through the first path to return to the tray so that the removal of the device user, and for the coins from the container through the outlet and discharge means to the cashbox via a second path.

将钱币排至钱箱中意味着钱币在离开机器之前可进入安全的容器中。 The money means money in the cash box to the row before leaving the machine into a safe container. 因此,安全风险和与收集从机器的钱币返回托盘中清除钱币有关的障碍可被克服。 Therefore, the security risks and remove barriers to the collection of coins relating to the return tray from the coin machine can be overcome.

充填料斗设备通常在料斗装置中的钱币进入点处通过手动操作。 Coin hopper device typically filled in the hopper at the entry point of the device by a manual operation. 这是耗时的并且因此是高成本的充填料斗的方法,这是因为即使是使用具有漏斗作用的设备,对于钱币进入到料斗中的速度也是有局限的,例如由于被卡在具有漏斗作用的设备的输出口的硬币。 This is time consuming and therefore costly method of filling hopper, since even the use of the device with a funnel effect, the speed for the coins into the hopper is also limited, for example due to a card having a funnel effect the coin outlet device.

根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种用于充填钱币分配装置的充填装置,该装置包括,钱币源,钱币容器,用于将来自钱币源的钱币进给至容器中的装置,钱币出口,用于将容器中的钱币移动至与出口相连的位置处的电机装置,和用于将来自容器中的钱币通过出口排出的排出装置,其中充填装置适于允许连续的钱币路径形成在钱币分配装置的出口和钱币入口之间。 According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided filling apparatus for filling apparatus for dispensing coins, the apparatus comprising a source coins, coin container, for coins from the coin source into the feed vessel apparatus, coin outlet , motor means for moving the container at a coin in a position connected to the outlet, and means for discharging the coins in the container is discharged through the outlet from which the filling device is adapted to allow a continuous path is formed in the coin dispensing coins inlet and outlet means between coins.

还提供了一种充填钱币分配装置的方法,该方法包括,将钱币分配装置的充填装置定位在与钱币分配装置相连的适当位置,以使得连续的钱币路径形成在充填装置的钱币出口和钱币分配装置的钱币入口之间,和致动充填装置以便再充填钱币分配装置。 Coin also provided a method of filling the dispensing device, the method comprising the filling apparatus coin dispensing apparatus is positioned in place connected to the coin dispensing means, so that a continuous path is formed in the coin and the coin outlet of the coin dispensing apparatus of the filling between money inlet means, and actuating means for filling the dispensing device refilling coins.

还提供了一种钱币分配装置,包括用于将充填装置与所述分配装置定位在一起的装置,以允许连续的钱币路径形成在所述充填装置的钱币出口和钱币分配装置的钱币入口之间。 Is also provided a coin dispensing apparatus, comprising means for filling said dispensing means and means for positioning together to allow a continuous path is formed between the coin coin coin inlet and the outlet of the coin dispensing apparatus of a filling apparatus .

还提供了一种钱币分配装置,包括用于将该装置电连接至充填装置的装置。 Is also provided a coin dispensing apparatus, comprising means for filling device is electrically connected to the device.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

为了使本发明能得到更全面地理解,现在将通过例子并参照附图对本发明的实施例进行描述,其中:图1是根据本发明的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置的外视图;图2是从图1的箭头“A”的方向截取的根据本发明的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置的一部分的内视图。 In order that the invention can be more fully understood, reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be described by way of example, in which: FIG. 1 is a general external view of the coin hopper receptacle apparatus according to the invention; FIG. 2 is taken from an arrow direction in FIG. 1 "a" in the general view of a portion of the coin acceptor of the present invention and according to a hopper apparatus. 该图也是从图20的箭头“F”的方向截取的根据本发明的通用接受器和双料斗装置的内视图;图3是从图4的线II截取的该机构的横断面图;图4是从图3的线II-II截取的并从图1的箭头B方向看去的根据本发明的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置的一部分的横断面图。 This is also taken from FIG direction "F" arrow in FIG. 20 view of the receptacle of the present invention and common dual hopper apparatus; Figure 3 is a line II of Figure 4, taken cross sectional view of the mechanism; FIG. 4 It is a cross-sectional view taken from the line II-II of Figure 3 and viewed from the direction of arrow B of FIG. 1 according to the general coin receptacle apparatus of the present invention and a portion of the hopper. 该图也是从图20的箭头“G”的方向截取的根据本发明的通用接受器和双料斗装置的第一部分的横断面图;图5是根据本发明的钱币接受器的视图;图6是根据本发明的通用料斗和接受器的电路的示意性方框图;图7是由螺线管致动的接受门的视图,所示的螺线管被致动以使得钱币被引向返回路径;图8是由螺线管致动的接受门的视图,所示的螺线管被致动以使得钱币被引向接受路径;图9是具有第一和第二分拣器螺线管致动门的分检器,所示的这些螺线管被致动以便经由第一钱箱斜槽将钱币引向钱箱;图10是具有第一和第二分拣器螺线管致动门的分检器,所示的这些螺线管被致动以便经由第二钱箱斜槽将钱币引向钱箱;图11是具有第一和第二分拣器螺线管致动门的分检器,所示的这些螺线管被致动以便经由第一滑槽将钱币引向钱箱;图12是传送带链段的路 This is also taken from FIG direction "G" in FIG. 20 according to an arrow cross-sectional view of a first portion and a common receptacle of the present invention dual hopper apparatus; FIG. 5 is a coin acceptor view of the present invention; FIG. 6 is general schematic block diagram of the circuit of the present invention the hopper and the receptacle; Figure 7 is a view of a door to accept actuated by the solenoid, the solenoid is actuated as shown so that the coin is guided to the return path; FIG. 8 is a view of a door accepted by the solenoid actuated, the solenoid is actuated as shown so that the accepted coin path is directed; FIG. 9 is an actuator having a first and second sorting gate solenoids the sorter, these solenoids are shown actuated to the cashbox coins towards the cashbox via a first chute; FIG. 10 is a partial sorter having a first and second solenoid actuated door detecting device, the solenoid is actuated so as shown in the cashbox coins towards the cashbox via a second chute; FIG. 11 is a sorter having a first and a second solenoid actuated sorting gate these are shown in the solenoid actuated to the coins towards the cashbox via a first chute; FIG. 12 is a belt path segment 侧面的平面图;图13是传送带的链段的凸缘侧的平面图;图14是传送带的链段的侧视图;图15是图14的传送带的链段的端部视图,该图从图14的箭头“C”的方向得到;图16是用于根据本发明的装置的感应设备和出口门;图17是用于根据本发明的装置的排出指针;图18a是根据本发明的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置的中心部分的第一视图,突出显示了该装置内的第一和第二钱箱斜槽以及钱箱装置。 Side plan view; FIG. 13 is a plan view of the flange side of the conveyor segment; FIG. 14 is a side view of a segment of a conveyor belt; FIG. 15 is an end view of a portion of the belt segment of FIG. 14, FIG. 14 from FIG. the direction of arrow "C" is obtained; FIG. 16 is a sensing apparatus according to the door and exit device according to the present invention; Figure 18a is a common coin acceptor according to the invention; discharging a pointing device according to the present invention. FIG. 17 is a and a first view of the central portion of the hopper means, highlighting the first and second safe cash box and chute means within the device. 该图还是根据本发明的通用接受器和双料斗装置的第一中心部分的第一视图;图18b是从图18a的箭头“D”的方向截取的示于图18a的装置的横断面图;图18c是从图18a的箭头“E”的方向截取的示于图18a的装置的横断面图;图19是根据本发明的通用接受器和旋转盘式料斗的视图; This figure is a first view of a first central portion of the receptacle of the present invention and common dual hopper means; Figure 18b is taken from the direction of an arrow in FIG. 18a "D" of the apparatus shown in FIG. 18a is a cross-sectional view; FIG 18c is a cross-sectional view of the apparatus, taken from the direction of "E" arrow in FIG. 18a is shown in Figure 18a; Figure 19 is a general view of the receptacle and the rotary disc a hopper of the invention;

图20是根据本发明的双料斗装置的第一外视图;图21是根据本发明的双料斗装置的第二外视图;图22是具有第一和第二分拣器螺线管致动门的分检器,所示的这些螺线管被致动以便经由第二滑槽将钱币引向料斗装置;图23是从图20的箭头“F”的方向截取的根据本发明的双料斗装置的第二部分的内视图;图24是根据本发明的传送带的视图;图25是根据本发明的料斗充填设备的视图。 FIG 20 is an external view of a first dual hopper device according to the present invention; FIG. 21 is an external view of a second dual hopper device according to the present invention; FIG. 22 is a sorter having a first and second solenoid actuated gate the sorter, the solenoid is actuated so as shown via a second chute coins towards a hopper apparatus; FIG. 23 is taken from the direction "F" of the double arrow 20 in FIG fighting apparatus according to the invention the second portion of the view; FIG. 24 is a view of a conveyor belt according to the present invention; 25 is a view of the hopper of the filling apparatus in accordance with the present invention. FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

综述参照图1,示出了根据本发明的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的外视图。 Summary Referring to Figure 1, shows a general external view of the receptacle of the present invention coins and the hopper device 1 according to. 在该例子中,装置1的壳体大体上形成为不规则的五角棱镜形并具有多个外部开口,包括钱币入口2和钱币返回口3。 In this example, the housing device 1 is substantially formed in an irregular pentagonal prism shape and has a plurality of external openings, comprising a coin inlet and coin return port 32. 装置1还具有其它开口4、5(见图2),通过该开口,钱币可被排出到一个或多个钱箱(未示出),以及开口6(图2),外部数据线可经由该开口进入到装置1以便连接至装置1。 Apparatus 1 further has other openings 4,5 (see FIG. 2), can be discharged to one or more cash box (not shown), and the openings 6 (FIG. 2) through the opening, coins, via the external data line opening into the apparatus 1 for connection to the device 1. 装置1的机构被容纳在具有第一盖8和第二盖9的中心部分7内部。 It means a mechanism portion 7 is housed in the central interior having a first cover and a second cover 8 to 9.

图2-18更详细地示出了通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1。 Figure 2-18 shows in more detail the general receptacle coins and the hopper device 1. 在这些附图中示出的装置1同样也是通用接受器和双料斗装置的一个基本元件,该双料斗装置示于图20-23中。 The apparatus illustrated in Figure 1 is also a common base element and the dual hopper receptacle means, the dual hopper apparatus shown in FIG. 20-23. 在所示实施例中的单料斗装置1可通过将一个额外的元件连接至单料斗装置1而“升级”为双料斗装置。 Single hopper apparatus in the embodiment shown in embodiment 1 can be connected via an additional element to the single hopper device 1 "promoted" dual hopper means. 但是,其结果是,示于图2-18的单料斗装置1的一些元件仅仅适用于双料斗型式,并且因此在单料斗型式1中是多余的。 However, as a result, some elements of a single hopper apparatus shown in Fig. 2-18 is only applicable to dual hopper type, and thus a single hopper pattern is superfluous. 在本发明的实施例中,单料斗装置1不具有“升级”元件,因此这些多余的元件可被省略。 In an embodiment of the present invention, the apparatus 1 does not have a single hopper "upgrade" element, thus excess of these elements may be omitted. 这将通过参照它所应用的特定元件来详细说明。 This will be explained in detail by referring to specific elements which it is applied.

图2是通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的中心部分7的侧视图,该图是从图1的箭头“A”指示的方向得到的。 FIG 2 is a side common center apparatus 1 and the hopper coin receptacle portion 7, which is a direction of the arrow in FIG. 1 "A" indicates obtained. 在该例子中,中心部分7包括接受器10,接受门11,可操作用于将钱币12引向接受路径13或返回路径14,包括第一分拣器门16和第二分拣器门17的分拣器15,第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19,具有盖21、连接孔22和料斗装置23的印刷电路板20(图3和4)。 In this example, the receptacle 10 includes a central portion 7, acceptance gate 11, operable to accept the coin path 12 toward the return path 13 or 14, comprising a first sorter 16 and the second door door sorter 17 the sorter 15, the first and second chute cashbox 18, 19, a cover 21, connection holes 22 and the hopper means 23 in the printed circuit board 20 (FIGS. 3 and 4).

在使用中,钱币12经钱币入口2进入到通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1。 In use the coins 12 through the coin inlet 2 into the common coin hopper receptacle means 1. 一次一个钱币12经由入口2进入到钱币接受器10。 Once a coin through the inlet 12 into the receptacle 2 to 10 coins. 钱币接受器10包括微控制器,它根据接受器10内的多个传感器的输出来判定进入的钱币12是否是假的。 Coin acceptor 10 includes a microcontroller, which is determined according to the output of the plurality of sensors within the receptacle 10 into the coin 12 is false. 如果是假的,一信号被提供至接受门螺线管驱动器,以促使接受门11引导钱币12经由返回路径14至钱币返回口3,随后从接受器10排出钱币12。 If it is false, an accepted signal is provided to the solenoid driver door, the guide 11 to cause the coin acceptance gate 14 to the coin return port 12 3 via the return path 12 and then discharged from the coin acceptor 10. 相反,如果钱币12被认为是真的,一信号被提供至接受门螺线管驱动器,以促使接受门11引导钱币12经由接受路径13至分拣器15。 Conversely, if the coin 12 is considered to be true, a signal is supplied to the gate solenoid driver accepted, acceptance gate 11 to cause the guide 13 to the sorter 12 via the receiving path 15 coins.

通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1包括处理装置,可操作用于判定进入的钱币12从分拣器15那里分别经由第一或第二钱箱斜槽18、19被引向料斗装置23还是第一和第二钱箱24、25之一(图18a和1 8b)。 General coins and the hopper receptacle means includes a processing means, determining means operable for entering the hopper 12 from the coin sorter 15 there via the first or the second chute 18, 19 is guided to the cash box 23 or a first and a second one of the cash drawer 24, 25 (FIGS. 18a and 1 8b). 在该例子中,处理装置接收来自料斗装置23的传感器的用于指示料斗23中的钱币12数量的信号。 Signal 12 is the number of coins 23 in this example, processing device receives from the sensor 23 of the hopper means for indicating the hopper. 输入的钱币12在料斗装置23充满的情况下被引向第一和第二钱箱24、25之一,但在其它情况下钱币12被引向料斗装置23。 Coin input 12 is directed to one of the first and second cashbox apparatus 24, 25 in the case where the hopper 23 is full, but in other cases the coin hopper 12 is directed to apparatus 23. 一旦确定了钱币12的目的地,将产生适当的信号以控制第一和第二分拣器门16、17,以便分别经由第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19将钱币12引向第一和第二钱箱24、25之一,或者引向料斗装置23。 Once the destination of coins 12 will generate an appropriate signal to control the first and second sorting gate 16, 17 respectively to the first and second chutes 18, 19, the coin cash drawer 12 via the first lead and a second one of the cash drawer 24, 25, or 23 towards the hopper means. 在该例子中,如果确定钱币12应被引向一个钱箱,则它们首先被引向第一钱箱24。 In this example, if the coin is determined to be directed to a cash box 12, they are first directed to the first cash box 24. 但是,一旦一些特定数量的钱币12已被引向第一钱箱24后,接着清空该第一钱箱24,随后钱币将被引向第二钱箱25。 However, once certain number of coins 12 have been directed to the first cash box 24, and then empty the cashbox 24 first, then the second coin will be directed to the cash box 25.

图3是图1的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的中心部分7的横断面图,即从图4的线II和从图1的箭头“B”指示的方向得到的视图。 FIG 3 is a general receptacle coins and the hopper device 1 of FIG. 1 cross-sectional view of the center portion 7, i.e., taken along the line II in FIG. 4 and FIG. 1 from the direction of arrow "B" indicates the view. 中心部分7的侧面包括料斗装置23,其包括料斗入口26、料斗存储器27、传送带28、具有传送带齿轮装置30的传送带电机29以及钱币出口31。 Side of the central portion 7 of the apparatus includes a hopper 23, which includes a hopper inlet 26, the memory hopper 27, conveyor belt 28, the conveyor belt having a belt motor 29 and gear device 30, coin outlet 31. 该料斗通常按EP-A-0080842的描述进行操作。 The hopper typically operates as described in EP-A-0080842. 如图2所示,被接受的钱币12经过门装置16、17,并且如图3所示经由钱币入口26进入到料斗。 2, accepted coins pass the gate device 16, 17 12, and 26 as shown in FIG coins into the hopper via the inlet. 钱币12随后落入到料斗存储器27中。 Coin 12 then fall into a hopper 27 memory. 料斗存储器27具有向下倾斜的基座32,因此料斗存储器27中的钱币12由于重力将向传送带28的内侧33移动。 Memory 27 having a base 32 of the hopper downwardly, so coin hopper 27 in the memory 12 by gravity inside 28 of the belt 33 will be moved. 传送带28通过传送带电机29沿方向“Q”被选择性地驱动。 The conveyor belt 28 "Q" is selectively driven by motor 29 in the direction of the belt. 传送带28在它的内表面上包括多个被设置用于形成钱币接受器的凸缘34(图4)。 Conveyor belt 28 on its inner surface includes a flange 34 (FIG. 4) are provided for forming a plurality of coin receptacle. 如果需要支付一个或多个钱币12,则传送带28被驱动。 If one or more coins to pay 12, the conveyor belt 28 is driven. 钱币12从存储器27朝向传送带28的内侧移动,该部分是传送带28的钱币接受部分33,并且被保持在由传送带表面上的凸缘34形成的容器中。 Coin 12 from the conveyor belt 28 moves inward toward the memory 27, the portion of conveyor belt 28 to the coin receiving portion 33, and is held in a container by a flange 34 formed on the surface of the conveyor belt. 待支付给用户的钱币12因此向传送带28上的钱币出口31输送,并且在一到达钱币出口31之后,钱币12从出口31排出。 Money to be paid to the user 12 is thus conveyed to the conveyor belt 28 on the coin outlet 31, and a coin reaches the outlet after 31, coin 12 discharged from the outlet 31.

参照图2,从传送带28的容器排出的钱币12从料斗出口31出现,并且与通向钱币返回开口3和钱币取走托盘(未示出)的返回路径14相连,以便用户取走。 Referring to FIG. 2, the conveyor belt 28 is discharged from the vessel 12 occurs coins from the hopper outlet 31, and is connected to an opening 3 and coins removed tray (not shown) and a return path leading to the coin return 14, so that the user removed.

操作现在将参照图1-19详细描述在将硬币12插入到开口2之后,通用接受器和料斗装置1的操作。 Operation will now be made in detail after 1-19 coin 12 is inserted into the opening 2, general operation of the receptacle 1 and the hopper apparatus is described.

硬币12经开口2转到钱币接受器10,这将在图5中更详细的示出。 2 through the opening 12 of the coin to the coin receiver 10, which will be illustrated in more detail in FIG. 5. 接受器10包括大体板状的主体35,该主体靠近装置1的中心部分7的表面36定位。 Receptacle 10 includes a generally plate-like body 35, close to the surface of the central body portion 1 7 of the apparatus 36 is positioned. 主体35通过铰接装置37连接至表面36,并且还通过连接至接受器间隙螺线管(未示出)的臂38被保持在与铰接装置37对角相对的主体35上的点处。 Body 35 is connected by a hinge means 37 to the surface 36, and also by a gap at the point of attachment to the receptacle solenoid (not shown) of the arm 38 is held on the body 37 with the diagonally opposite hinge means 35. 主体35包括从主体35中沿表面36的方向突出的隔板39,以使得它基本上邻接表面36。 35 comprises a body 35 protrudes from the surface 36 in the direction of the separator body 39 so that it substantially abutting surface 36. 这导致在主体35和表面36之间形成间隙和下降路径40,沿该下降路径,试验中的钱币12沿其边缘从接受器10的入口41沿着隔板39通过,该隔板引导硬币通过钱币检测站并且随后引向出口43。 This results in a gap between the body and the drop path 35 and the surface 36 40, along the descent path, the test coin from the inlet 12 along an edge 10 of the receptacle 41 along the separator 39 through the partition plate through the coin guide Coin testing station 43 and then toward the outlet port.

钱币接受器10能够确定若干不同面额的钱币,包括双本位制的硬币,例如欧洲硬币组和包括双本位制£2.00的英国硬币组。 Coin acceptor 10 to determine a number of different denominations of coins, including coins made of double standard, and includes groups such as the European coins British coins set of two standard system of £ 2.00. 当每一个钱币通过检测站42时,执行对该钱币的测试。 When each coin through the inspection station 42, a test is performed for the coins. 钱币检测站42包括四个钱币传感线圈单元S1、S2、S3和S4,它们是激励的以便产生与硬币12的电感耦合。 Coin detection station 42 includes four coin sensing coil units S1, S2, S3 and S4, which are energized to produce an inductive coupling with coins 12. 图6是通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的电路的示意图。 FIG 6 is a schematic circuit common coins and the hopper device 1 receptor. 由点线框44限定的元件与接受器10相连。 Point defined by the frame member 44 is connected to the receptacle 10. 接受器10的线圈S1-S4通过驱动器和接口电路45激励不同的频率。 Receiver coil S1-S4 10 45 different excitation frequencies by a drive and interface circuitry. 处于测试中的钱币通过线圈单元在其中感应出涡流。 Coins under test in which the eddy currents induced by the coil unit. 四个线圈S1-S4之间的不同电感耦合是钱币基本上唯一的特征。 Different inductive coupling between the coils S1-S4 are four coin substantially unique characteristic. 驱动器和接口电路45产生相应的数字化钱币参数数据信号x1、x2、x3、x4,它们作为钱币和线圈单元S1、S2、S3和S4之间的不同电感耦合的函数。 Drive and interface circuit 45 generates a corresponding digital coin parameter data signals x1, x2, x3, x4, are functions of different inductive coupling between the S1, S2, S3 and S4 as coin and the coil units. 线圈单元S相对于处于测试中的钱币的直径具有较小的直径,以便检测钱币各个弧弦区域的感应特征。 Coil unit S with respect to the diameter of coins under test has a smaller diameter, wherein each of the arc sensor to detect coins stringed area. 改进的识别可通过使面对钱币的线圈单元S,例如线圈S1的面积A小于72mm2而实现,这允许钱币表面各个区域的感应特征可被检测。 Improved coil face identifying unit S by coins, such as a coil S1 is the area A is smaller than 72mm2 is achieved, which allows the sensing surface characteristics of each region of the coin can be detected. 但是,本发明不限于任何特定的线圈尺寸,并且较大的线圈可被用于与钱币的整个表面耦合。 However, the present invention is not limited to any particular size of the coil, and the larger coils may be used for the entire surface of the coupling with the coin.

每一个传感器线圈单元S包括一个或多个与各个振荡电路相连接的感应线圈,并且线圈驱动器和接口电路45包括用于扫描从线圈单元顺序输出的多路复用器(未示出),以便将数据提供至接受器微控制器46。 A sensor coil units S each include one or more induction coils are connected to the respective oscillating circuit and the coil drive and interface circuit 45 includes a multiplexer to scan outputs from the coil units sequentially (not shown), for the data to the microcontroller 46 receptacle. 每一个电路通常在50-150kHz范围的频率下振动,并且电路元件被选择以使得每一个传感器线圈S1-S4具有不同的固有共振频率,以避免它们之间的交叉耦合。 Each circuit is typically at a vibration frequency range 50-150kHz, and the circuit elements are selected so that each sensor coil S1-S4 has a different natural resonant frequency in order to avoid cross coupling between them.

当处于测试中的钱币通过传感器线圈单元S1时,它的阻抗由于硬币的存在而在~100毫秒的时间内改变。 When the coin under test by the sensor coil units S1, its impedance is changed to 100 milliseconds in time due to the presence of a coin. 结果,通过线圈的振幅在硬币通过的时间内被改变,并且振荡频率也发生改变。 As a result, the amplitude of the coil is changed by the time the coin, and the oscillation frequency is also changed. 由硬币产生的调制引起的振幅和频率的变化被用于产生表示硬币特性的钱币参数信号x1-x4。 Change in the amplitude and frequency of the modulation produced by the coin is used to produce due to represent characteristics of the coin coin parameter signals x1-x4.

卡住解除机构检测装置可被设置在接受器10内,用于确定什么时候钱币被卡在接受器10的机构内部。 Jam detecting means release mechanism may be disposed within the receptacle 10, for determining when the card is inside the coin acceptor mechanism 10. 卡住可在不需要的粘性涂层,例如啤酒涂覆于其上的钱币被输入并且粘在接受器机构内时发生。 You need not be stuck in the adhesive coating, e.g. Coins beer is input applied thereto and occurs when the binding in the receptacle means. 检测装置可包括线圈S1-S4,它们的输出被用于确定什么时候硬币已经静止并因此卡在接受器10内。 Detecting means may comprise a coil S1-S4, their outputs are used to determine when a coin has been stationary and thus stuck in the receptacle 10. 可替换地,一个或多个传感器可结合在接受器10内,以用于检测卡住的钱币的目的。 Alternatively, one or more sensors may be incorporated within the receptacle 10, for the purpose of detecting the jammed coins.

在图5所示的例子中,连接至接受器微控制器46(见图6)的传感器C1和C2沿着钱币下降路径40被定位在适当位置,并且被用于检测钱币进入和离开接受器10,以便确定钱币是否被卡在接受器10中。 In the example shown in FIG. 5, the microcontroller 46 is connected to the receptacle (see FIG. 6) of the sensor C1 and C2 40 are positioned at an appropriate position along the coin path to fall, and is used to detect coin entering and exiting the receptacle 10, in order to determine whether the coins are stuck in the receptacle 10. 如果传感器C2在一段时间内,例如从它已被检测到进入接受器10开始的5秒内,未检测到钱币离开接受器10,则起动接受器清除程序。 If the sensor C2 period of time, for example, it has been detected from the receptacle 10 enters the first 5 seconds, leaving not detected coin receptacle 10, the receptacle scavenger is started. 在该例子中,接受器清除程序包括微控制器46确定钱币未被线圈C2检测到,在该情况下,微控制器46产生卡住清除信号,该信号致动接受器清除螺线管驱动器49(见图6)。 In this example, the receptacle scavenger includes a microcontroller 46 determines Coin coil C2 is not detected, in this case, the microcontroller 46 generates jam clearing signal, the clear signal to the actuator solenoid driver receptacle 49 (see FIG. 6). 与该信号相对应,螺线管驱动器49驱动伺服电机50(见图3)以移动臂38,用于绕铰链37转动接受器10的主体35,以便加宽钱币下降路径40。 Corresponding to the signal, the solenoid driver 49 drives the servo motor 50 (see FIG. 3) to move the arms 38, 37 for rotation about the hinge 10 in the receptacle body 35, so as to widen the path 40 coins fall. 通过这样做,以解除钱币从接受器的卡住,从而钱币可从接受器10落下并且进入钱币返回路径14。 By doing so, in order to release jammed coins from the receptacle, so that coins can be dropped from the receptacle 10 and into the coin return path 14.

再次参照图2,如果硬币12被卡在接受器10中,它可通过起动接收清除程序而自动释放,并且通过钱币返回路径14返回至用户。 Referring again to Figure 2, if the coin 12 is stuck in the receptacle 10, it can start receiving a clear program automatically released, and returns to the user 14 through the coin return path. 可替换地,如果硬币12未被卡在接受器10中,它经由接受器出口43离开接受器10,并且根据接受器微控制器46判定硬币12是否是真的而通过接受门11被引导至接受路径13或返回路径14。 Alternatively, if the coin 12 is not stuck in the receptacle 10, the receptacle 10 it exits via the outlet receptacle 43, and determines whether the coin 12 is really through the microcontroller 46 in accordance with the receptacle acceptance gate 11 is directed to receiving return path 14 or path 13.

接受门图7从后部示出了与图2相比较的接受门11。 Figure 7 shows a gate receiving the acceptance gate 11 from the rear in comparison with FIG 2. 接受门11包括通过接受器门臂52连接至槽路元件53的接受门螺线管51,其中槽路元件包括分别连接至接受路径14和排出路径13的接受通道54和返回通道55。 Acceptance gate 11 is connected to the tank element comprises a receptacle gate arm 52 through the acceptance gate 53 is a solenoid 51, which comprises a tank element 14 are respectively connected to the receiving path and the discharge path 13 of the receiving channel 54 and the return passage 55. 硬币12沿接受器10的硬币下降路径40向下传递,并且进入接受通道54和返回通道55之一。 Coins in the coin acceptor 10 12 drop downwardly transfer path 40, and into the receiving channel 54 and the return passage 55 one. 为了确定硬币12进入哪一个通道,接受器门臂52可操作用于在接受门螺线管51的控制下使槽路元件53沿虚线箭头56的方向前后移动,以便在判定硬币12是真的的情况下使接受通道54与硬币下降路径40对准,或者在判定硬币12是假的的情况下使返回通道55与硬币下降路径40对准。 To determine which channel 12 into the coin, the gate arm receptacle 52 is operable for receiving the longitudinal direction of the door control solenoid 51 causes the tank member 53 moves along the dotted arrow 56, the coin 12 is determined to be true that the receiving channel 54 is aligned with the coin dropped in the case of path 40, or to the return passage 12 in the case where the determination is false coin 55 is aligned with the coin path 40 is decreased. 图7示出了接受器门臂52处于其延伸位置,使得硬币下降路径40与返回通道55对准,并且硬币12沿返回路径14的方向从槽路元件53排出,从那里,它经由钱币返回口3从通用钱币接受器和料斗装置排出,并且通过经由返回托盘(未示出)返回至用户。 FIG. 7 shows a receptacle door arm 52 is in its extended position, such that the coin path 40 is decreased and the return channel 55 are aligned and a coin return direction 12 along path 14 is discharged from the tank element 53, from where it returns via Coin port 3 and is discharged from the common coin hopper receptacle means, and by returning the tray (not shown) via a return to the user. 图8示出了另一种情况,其中接受器门臂52收缩,并且因此接受通道54与硬币下降路径40对准,因此硬币12沿接受路径13的方向从槽路元件53排出。 FIG 8 shows another case in which the receptacle door arm 52 contracts and thus accept the coin passage 54 is aligned descending path 40, thus receiving the coin 12 along the direction of the path 13 is discharged from the tank element 53.

参照图6,在判定硬币12是真的的情况下,接受器微控制器46向螺线管驱动器48提供适当的信号,该螺线管驱动器驱动接受门螺线管51以便缩进接受器门臂52,并且因此移动槽路元件53,从而将硬币12通过接受路径13引向分拣器15。 Referring to Figure 6, the coin 12 is determined in the real case, the acceptor microcontroller 46 to provide appropriate signals to the solenoid driver 48, the solenoid driver 51 to drive the solenoid retracted acceptance gate door receptacle arm 52, and thus the mobile tank components 53, 12 so that the coin sorter 15 is directed through a receiving path 13.

分拣器门通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的第一和第二分拣器门16、17的第一例图示于图9中,并且其包括分别通过第一和第二分拣器臂59(示于图11),60连接至第一和第二分拣器门16、17的第一和第二分拣器门螺线管57、58。 Coin sorter gate common hopper receptacle means and illustrating a first embodiment of the first and second valves 16, 17 of the sorter 1 in FIG. 9, and includes a first and second arm respectively sorter 59 (shown in FIG. 11), 60 is connected to the first and second gates of the first and second sorter sorter solenoid valves 16, 17 57, 58. 第一分拣器门16包括钱箱通道61和料斗通道62。 The first door 16 includes a cash drawer sorting passage 61 and the passage 62 of the hopper. 第二分拣器门17包括第一槽路面63和第二槽路面64。 The second sorter 17 includes a gate 63 a first groove and a second groove road pavement 64. 斜槽部件65包括四个分拣器斜槽,它们是第一和第二料斗斜槽66、67和第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19(可供选择地是,它们可以是一个钱箱斜槽),其中钱币可根据第一和第二分拣器门16、17的位置而被引向这些斜槽。 Chute member 65 comprises four sorting chutes, which are first and second hopper 66, 67 and the first chute and second chute cash drawer 18, 19 (alternatively, they can be a cashbox chute), wherein the coins can be directed to the chute the position of the first and second valves 16, 17 of the sorter. 但是,在该例子中,只有一个料斗装置1的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1不使用第二滑槽67,该第二滑槽被用在示于图20-23的双料斗装置中。 However, in this example, only a common coin hopper receptacle means and the hopper apparatus 1 without using the second chute 67, the second dual hopper chute is used in the apparatus shown in FIG. 20-23. 第二滑槽67可被完全省略。 The second chute 67 may be omitted entirely.

参照图6,装置1具有微处理器68,可操作用于确定硬币12应被引向哪一个分拣器斜槽66、67、18、19。 Referring to FIG. 6, apparatus 1 has a microprocessor 68, operable to determine a coin 12 which should be directed towards a sorter chute 66,67,18,19. 在该例子中,微处理器68接收来自料斗存储器27中的传感器69的信号,用于提供料斗存储器27中的钱币12的数量的指示。 In this example, the microprocessor 68 receives a signal from the memory 27 of the hopper sensor 69 for providing the number of coins in the hopper 27 in the memory 12 an indication. 微处理器68可操作用于根据接收到的信号来确定料斗存储器27是否是满的,并将适当的信号提供至第一和第二分拣器门螺线管驱动器70、71,以便以将要描述的方式分别驱动第一和第二分拣器门螺线管57、58,并且因此引导硬币12。 The microprocessor 68 is operable to determine whether the hopper is full, the memory 27, and the appropriate signal to the first and second sorting gate solenoid driver 70, 71 according to the received signal, so as to be in the manner described respectively drive the first and second sorting gate solenoids 57, 58, 12 and thus guide the coins. 如果料斗存储器27是满的,则硬币12被引向第一或第二钱箱斜槽18、19。 If the memory hopper 27 is full, the coin 12 is directed to the first or the second chute 18, 19 cashbox. 在料斗存储器27未满的情况下,硬币12被引向通向料斗装置23的第一滑槽66(如图11所示)。 In the case where the memory 27 under the hopper, the coin hopper means 12 is directed to a first lead 6623 of the chute (FIG. 11).

在可替换的实施例中,料斗装置23被用于接收、存储和返回两种面额的硬币,并且因此第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19被使用,从而在料斗存储器27是充满的时候,进入的硬币可根据它们的面额分别通过第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19之一被引向第一和第二钱箱24、25之一,在该例子中,钱币的面额通过接受器微控制器46确定并且指示给微处理器68。 In an alternative embodiment, the hopper 23 is means for receiving, storing, and two kinds of denomination of the coin return, and thus the first and second chute cash drawer 18, 19 is used, the memory 27 so that the hopper is full when entering the coins according to their denominations by the respective one of the first and second chutes 18, 19 are directed to the cashbox Denomination one of the first and second cashbox 24, 25, in this example, coins The microcontroller 46 determines and indicates to the microprocessor 68 via the receptacle. 在可替换的实施例中,两个钱箱斜槽18、19可通向同一钱箱,以用于接收一个或多个面额的硬币,或者第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19中的一个或另一个可被完全省略。 In an alternative embodiment, the two chutes 18, 19 lead to the same cash box cash box, for receiving one or more coins of the denomination, or the first and second chutes 18, 19 of the cashbox one or the other may be omitted entirely.

参照图9,第一分拣器门16可操作用于在第一分拣器门螺线管57的控制下沿箭头72的方向移动。 Referring to FIG 9, a first sorting gate 16 is operable under control of a first sorting gate 57 of the solenoid 72 is moved in the direction of the arrow. 钱箱通道61由第一隔板73限定,该第一隔板从包括钱箱通道61的门的侧面上的第一分拣器门16的平面伸出,沿着该隔板,钱币可沿其边缘通过,以便绕过第一和第二滑槽66、67。 Cashbox channel 6173 defined by a first separator, the first partition plate extends from the plane of the first sorting gate 16 comprises a gate on the side of the cashbox channel 61 along the barrier, along the coin by its edge, so as to bypass the first and second chutes 66, 67. 当硬币到达隔板73的端部时,在该例子中它们将由于重力而落下,根据第二分拣器门17的位置而落到第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19中的一个上。 When the coin reaches the end of the spacer 73, in this example, they will fall by gravity, and fall into a first and a second safe position of the chute 18, 19 according to a second sorting gate 17 of on. 图9示出了分拣器装置15,其中第一分拣器门螺线管57已被致动,因此第一分拣器臂59被缩回以使得第一分拣器门16的钱箱通道61从接受门11开始与接受路径13对准。 Figure 9 shows a sorting apparatus 15, wherein the first sorting door solenoid 57 has been actuated, the first sorter arm 59 is retracted so that the cash drawer door 16 in the first sorting receiving from the channel 61 and the door 11 starts to accept path 13 are aligned. 钱箱通道61根据第二分拣器门17的位置将钱币引向第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19中的一个。 The position of the second channel 61 cashbox sorter gate 17 will be directed to a first and a second coin chute 18, 19 of the cashbox.

参照图10,第二分拣器门17由两个并肩对准的、连接至并且通过分隔板76分隔的大体矩形的板74、75形成,该三个板设置成交叉配置。 Referring to FIG. 10, the second sorting gate 17 is composed of two aligned side by side, it is connected to and spaced substantially rectangular plate 74, 75 formed by the partition plate 76, the three plates disposed in a cross configuration. 第二分拣器门17绕容纳在装置1的接受插座(未示出)中的第一和第二突起77、78枢转。 The second sorting gate 17 is received about the socket receiving apparatus 1 (not shown) in the first and second protrusions 77, 78 pivot. 参照在图10中由划线部分限定的放大视图,第二螺线管臂60铰接地连接至平移部件79。 Referring to an enlarged view of a portion defined by the chain line, the second solenoid arm 60 hingedly connected to the translating member 79 in FIG. 10. 平移部件79包括垂直转动轴80,旗子部分81和致动杆82。 Translating member 79 comprises a vertical shaft 80 rotates, the flag portion 81 and the actuating lever 82. 旗子部分81是沿第一侧边连接至轴80的长度部分的矩形板。 Flag portion 81 is a rectangular plate is connected to the length of the portion of the shaft 80 along the first side edge. 旗子部分81沿垂直于轴80的旋转轴83的方向延伸,并且在与第二侧面相对的第一侧面通过销子84铰接地连接至第二螺线管臂60。 Flag portion 81 extending perpendicular to the axis of rotation 83 of the shaft 80, the pin 84 and hingedly connected to the second solenoid arm 60 and a second side opposite the first side surface through. 致动杆82也连接至轴80,并且沿垂直于轴80的旋转轴83以及与旗子部分81的延伸方向相对的方向延伸。 Actuating lever 82 is also connected to the shaft 80, and extends in a direction perpendicular to the rotation shaft 83 and a shaft 80 extending in a direction opposite to the Flag portion 81. 致动杆82与分隔板76中的孔85接合。 Actuating lever 82 engaging with the aperture 85 in the partition plate 76. 平移部件79因此将第二分拣器臂60的移动转换成绕轴80的旋转轴83的旋转移动。 Thus translating member 79 to convert the movement of the second sorter arm 60 to rotate about axis 83 moves the rotary shaft 80. 该通过致动杆82,该旋转移动被用于将第二分拣器门17移动至它的两个相应位置中的一个。 By actuating the lever 82, the rotational movement is used to move a second sorting gate 17-1 to its respective two positions. 第二分拣器门17是加重的,以使得它被返回至一适当位置,在该位置,在第二分拣器门螺线管58失效的情况下,该分拣器门将钱币引向第一料斗斜槽66或第二钱箱斜槽18。 A second sorter door 17 is weighted so that it is returned to a proper position, in this position, when the second sorting gate 58 of the solenoid failure, the coin sorter towards the keeper of a chute hopper 66 chute 18 or the second cashbox.

在图9的例子中,第二分拣器门螺线管58被致动,从而第二分拣器臂60延伸以使得第二分拣器门17的第一槽路面63与第一分拣器门16的钱箱通道61以及接受路径13对准。 In the example of FIG. 9, the second sorting gate solenoid 58 is actuated so that the second arm 60 extends to the sorter so that the second sorting gate 63 and the road surface of the first groove 17 of the first sorting cash box path 61 and the door 16 is aligned to accept path 13. 这使得插入的硬币12被引向第一钱箱斜槽18。 This makes the insertion of the coin chute 12 is directed to the first cash box 18.

图10描绘了可替换的情形,其中第二分拣器门螺线管58被致动,从而第二分拣器臂60收缩以使得第二分拣器门17的第二槽路面64与第一分拣器门16的钱箱通道61以及接受路径13对准。 10 depicts an alternative scenario, where the second sorting gate solenoid 58 is actuated so that the second sorter arm 60 such that the second contract to the road surface a second groove 64 of the sorting gate 17 and the second a cash box path 61 and the sorting gate 16 receiving path 13 are aligned. 这使得插入的硬币12被引向第二钱箱斜槽19。 This makes the insertion of the coin chute 12 is directed to the cash box 19 a second.

图11描绘了另一可替换的情形,其中第一分拣器门螺线管57被致动,从而第一分拣器臂59延伸以使得第一分拣器门16的料斗通道62从接受门11开始与接受路径13对准。 11 depicts another alternative case wherein the first sorting door solenoid 57 is actuated, so that the first arm 59 extends in a sorter such that the first sorting channel 62 of the hopper 16 from the receiving door the door 11 starts to accept path 13 and are aligned. 料斗通道62由第二隔板86限定,该第二隔板从包括料斗通道62的门的侧面上的第一分拣器门16的平面垂直地伸出,用于根据第二分拣器门17的位置而引导钱币落到第一或第二滑槽66、67上。 Hopper 62 is defined by the second channel separator 86, the second partition plate extends from the plane of the first sorting gate 16 comprises a gate on the side of the hopper 62 is perpendicular to the channel, a second sorting gate in accordance with the position of the guide 17 and fall on the first or second coin chutes 66, 67. 在该例子中,第二隔板86同样设置有用于将第一分拣器臂59连接至第一分拣器门16的装置(如图22所示)。 In this example, the second partition plate 86 is also provided for connecting the arm 59 to the first sorting means sorting the first door 16 (Figure 22). 在示于图11的例子中,第二分拣器螺线管58被致动,从而第二分拣器臂60延伸以使得第二分拣器门17的第一槽路面63与第一分拣器门16的钱箱通道61以及接受路径13对准。 In the example shown in FIG. 11, a second sorter solenoid 58 is actuated so that the second arm 60 extends to the sorter so that the second sorting gate 63 of the first groove 17 of the first road points cashbox door pick channel 61 receiving path 13 and 16 are aligned. 这使得插入的硬币12通过第一滑槽66被引向料斗装置23。 This makes the insertion of the coin hopper device 1266 is guided by a first chute 23.

在料斗装置23(如图3所示)中,硬币12进入料斗存储器27并且如果需要支付一个或多个钱币时,传送带28沿方向Q被驱动。 In the hopper means 23 (FIG. 3), a coin hopper 12 into memory 27 and if the one or more coins to pay, the conveyor belt 28 is driven in the direction Q. 传送带通过传送带电机29驱动,而传送带电机又由受通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1内的微处理器68控制的传送带电机驱动器87驱动(见图6)。 A motor driven by the belt conveyor 29, the belt motor and a microprocessor receiving receptacle common coins and the hopper 68 of the conveyor apparatus 1 controls the driving motor driver 87 (see FIG. 6). 将要支付给用户的硬币12被容纳在由传送带28的表面上的凸缘34形成的容器内,并且向传送带28上的钱币出口31携带并从出口31排出。 Coins to be paid to the user are contained within the container 12 by the flange 28 of the upper surface of the conveyor belt 34 and carries the coin outlet 31 on the conveyor belt 28 and is discharged from the outlet 31.

传送带现在将参照图12-15更详细地描述传送带28的操作。 Operation of the conveyor belt 28 will now be described in more detail with reference to Figures 12-15. 传送带28由多个铰接连接的链段(segments)88形成。 Conveyor belt 28 by a plurality of hingedly connected segments (segments) 88 are formed. 参照图14,链段88通过枢销89连接在一起,并且每一个链段包括钱币拾取凸缘34,该凸缘被设置成接收钱币的容器并且向料斗出口31携带钱币。 Referring to FIG. 14, the segment 88 is connected by a pivot pin 89 together, and each segment comprises a coin pickup flange 34, the flange is disposed into a container receiving coins and the hopper outlet 31 to carry the coins. 每一个拾取凸缘34横跨链段88的宽度沿着链段88的相对侧面从它的一个角倾斜地延伸至大约中间点。 Each pickup 34 across the width of the flange segment 88 extends from the intermediate point to about one of its opposite side surfaces inclined at an angle along the segment 88. 在使用中以一种将要描述的方式用作搅拌器的直立突起90形成在每一个凸缘34的一个端部,凹口91形成在临近凸缘34的传送带链段88的上表面,倒角边92形成在凹口91的底部和凸缘34之间的接合点处。 In use, in a manner to be described as a stirrer upstanding projections 90 are formed is formed in each of the one end portion of the flange 34, a recess 91 in the upper surface of flange 34 adjacent belt segment 88, the chamfered edge 92 is formed at the junction between the flange 34 and the bottom of recess 91. 可从附图中看出,凸缘34相互平行的延伸。 As can be seen from the figures, the flange 34 extending parallel to each other. 每一个传送带链段88的下面形成有多个向下凸出的齿93,它们与由电机驱动的驱动轮啮合。 Each belt segment 88 is formed below a plurality of downwardly projecting teeth 93, which engage with the motor-driven wheels.

传送带链段88通过铰销89连接在一起以形成循环的环。 Conveyor segments 88 are connected together to form a circular ring 89 by a hinge pin. 该销子装配在并且沿形成在一对间隔开的侧板中的路径滑动,该传送带通过齿轮与环形传送带外部上的齿93的接合而绕所述路径被驱动。 The path is formed along the pin and fitted in the pair of side plates spaced apart in the sliding engagement of the teeth 93 on the outside of the conveyor belt and through the ring gear is driven around said path.

再次参照图4,料斗底部32的嘴直接开在传送带环底部处的恒定半径的钱币接收部分33上,从而可以看到料斗存储器27中的硬币将由于重力而自动落在倾斜的料斗底部32,并且落在传送带28的内表面上。 Referring again to Figure 4, the nozzle 32 is directly open bottom of the hopper in the coin constant radius conveyor belt loop at the bottom of the receiving portion 33, which can be seen in the bottom of the coin hopper memory 27 will automatically fall by gravity inclined hopper 32, and fall on the inner surface 28 of the conveyor belt. 这种设置,即输送到闭合的环形传送带28内部的优点在于,沿传送带28侧面的整个区域以及更重要地,多数其内部的区域可被用于容纳硬币。 This arrangement, i.e., delivery to a closed endless conveyor belt 28 inside the advantage that the entire area of ​​the conveyor belt 28 along the side and, more importantly, the majority of the interior area may be used for receiving coins. 因此,在非常紧凑的空间内提供了非常大容量的硬币存储器。 Thus, a very large capacity memory coins in a very compact space.

由于传送带凸缘34之间的距离小于两个硬币的直径之和,并且由于搅拌器90,当传送带链段88开始向上传送时,即使两个硬币在非常短的时间间隔内相互叠置在该链段的底部转角中,顶部硬币也在一开始就被迫向一侧滚动,且在此后从凸缘34上滑落下来,从而按照预期的那样在其上仅留下一个硬币。 Since the distance between the two conveyor belts is smaller than the flange 34 and the diameter of the coin, and since the agitator 90, when the transfer belt segment 88 starts up, even if two coins are stacked with each other in a very short time interval in which corner bottom segment, the top coin is also forced to start rolling to one side, and thereafter fall down from the flange 34, thus leaving a coin in accordance with that which is only intended.

倒角边92被用于从传送带28松开任何硬币,其中这些硬币由于它们被浸泡在例如啤酒中而粘附至传送带。 Bevelled edges 92 are used to release any coins from the conveyor belt 28, where the coins as they are soaked in beer, for example, adhered to the conveyor belt. 当传送带28开始提升时,一个硬币将向下滑动到凸缘34上,并且当这发生后,它将通过倒角边92向外推出。 When the conveyor belt 28 begins to lift, slide a coin down onto the flange 34, and when this occurs, it will be pushed outwards by the chamfered edges 92. 这也用于向外推动任何搁置在待支付的硬币顶部上的其它硬币,从而它从凸缘落到下一个位于它下面的可用凸缘上。 It is also used to drive any other coins resting on top of the coin to be paid out, so that it fell on the next available beneath it a flange from the flange.

搅拌器90的作用是防止钱币接收部分33中的任意的硬币组形成横跨传送带28的宽度延伸的“滚动”。 Action of the agitator 90 is to prevent the coins from the coin receiving any group portion 33 is formed extending across the width of the conveyor belt 28 "rolling." 该“滚动”在硬币处理过程中是非常普遍的现象并且应该被避免,因为它意味着硬币垂直竖立的对准并且因此它们将沿传送带28滚动,而不是翻倒并且落在凸缘34之间的间隔中。 The "roll" is a very common phenomenon in the coin handling process and should be avoided, since it means that the coin is aligned vertically upright and therefore they roll along the conveyor belt 28, not tip over and fall between the flanges 34 intervals.

在所示的实施例中,传送带路径的所有转角半径都是相同的,这意味着在它的路径上不存在传送带28可抓住的点,并且在两个相邻的凸缘34之间保持有一个硬币,从而形成夹紧点。 In the illustrated embodiment, all of the corner radius the conveyor path is the same, which means that the conveyor belt 28 may be caught there is no point in its path, and is held between two adjacent flanges 34 a coin, to form a pinch point. 如果发生这种情况,传送带28可能卡住并且电机29可能烧坏。 If this happens, the conveyor belt 28 and the motor 29 may be jammed may be damaged. 同时,避免在钱币接收部分33中存在夹紧点是重要的,在硬币已经通过出口31进给后,不存在传送带28被卡在它的路径的最上部也是必要的。 Meanwhile, to avoid the presence of the money receiving section 33 is important to the clamping point, the coin has passed through the feed outlet 31, conveyor belt 28 is stuck in the uppermost portion of its path does not exist is necessary. 如果上部半径未被制成适当的大小以避免卡住,则粘性的硬币可使其本身粘附至传送带28,并且因此不能够滑离至出口31内。 If the radius of the upper portion is not made to avoid jamming the appropriate size, the viscosity of the coin itself, it may be adhered to the conveyor belt 28, and therefore can not slide off to the outlet 31. 因此它将传送带28继续变圆,直到它到达第一上部带并将产生阻塞。 It will therefore continue round the conveyor belt 28, until it reaches a first upper belt and the resulting clogging. 通过所示的配置,这可被阻止,由于传送带在上部弯曲处变成圆形,它的链段铰接起来,从而松开可自由回落至钱币存储器27的硬币。 By the configuration shown, this can be prevented, because the belt becomes circular at the upper bends, its hinged segments, thereby releasing the coins can be freely dropped to the coin memory 27.

所示的实施例可以处理代币以及一种或多种面额的硬币。 Illustrated embodiment may process one or more tokens and coins of the denomination. 换句话说,它可以从料斗中支付面额全部相同,例如10p的硬币,或者它可处理多个硬币,在那里1p、5p、10p和50p在料斗中混在一起。 In other words, it can be paid out of the hopper are all the same denomination, for example, 10p coin, or it can handle a plurality of coins, 1p, 5p, 10p and 50p in the hopper where mixed together. 通过前面的单个硬币处理,简单的料斗输出传感器94(见图3、4和6),例如电子设备,如光电检测器或电感临近设备装配在出口31处并且连接至微处理器68,该微处理器可操作使得在已经分配预定数量的硬币后,断开电机29。 By foregoing a single coin processing, simple sensor output hopper 94 (see FIGS. 3, 4 and 6), for example, electronic devices, such as photo detectors or inductive devices mounted adjacent the outlet 31 and is connected to the microprocessor 68, the micro- the processor is operable such that after a predetermined number of coins has been dispensed, the motor 29 is turned off. 优选地,电机29配备有制动器,用于防止惯性感应超限运动,以使得在提供给电机29的动力被断开后,额外的硬币不能被支付。 Preferably, the motor 29 is provided with a brake for preventing overrun inertial induction, so that after the power supplied to the motor 29 is turned off, the additional coins can not be paid. 如果需要支付多个硬币,则需要复杂的、可操作的第一料斗输出传感器95,例如与螺线管致动的料斗输出门96结合。 If a plurality of coins to pay, the need for complex, a hopper operable to output a first sensor 95, for example, the solenoid actuator 96 in combination with a hopper gate output. 这种配置示于图16中。 This configuration is shown in FIG. 16. 输出传感器95在该情形中可以是处于不同高度的一排光电管,用于识别面额并且对需要支付的硬币进行计数,直到应支付最后一个硬币为止。 In this case the output of sensor 95 may be at different heights of a row of photocells, used to identify the denomination of coins to be paid for and counts up until the last coin to be paid. 如果最后一个硬币是非常大的面额,料斗输出门96将被致动。 If the last coin denomination is very large, the output of gate 96 to the hopper is actuated. 料斗输出门96可操作用于沿箭头97的方向移动,其中该移动通过连接至由微处理器68控制的料斗输出门螺线管(未示出)的电机轴98来驱动。 Hopper output of gate 96 is operable to move the direction of arrow 97, to drive the movement 98 by being connected to the hopper 68 is controlled by the microprocessor output gate solenoid (not shown) of the motor shaft. 微处理器68向料斗输出门螺线管驱动器99提供适当的信号(见图6),该驱动器驱动料斗输出门螺线管以用于移动料斗输出门96以堵塞出口31。 The microprocessor 68 provides an appropriate signal (see FIG. 6) to the hopper solenoid driver output gate 99, the output of the gate driver drives the hopper solenoid for moving the output of gate 96 to close the hopper outlet 31. 因此,如果不需要排出硬币,则料斗输出门96被驱动至覆盖料斗出口31的位置,并且硬币将被引导回到料斗存储器27中。 Therefore, if no coin is discharged, the output of the gate 96 of the hopper is driven to the covering position the hopper outlet 31 and the coin will be directed back to the storage hopper 27. 这将继续直到合适的硬币,即当门96将恢复至它的可替换位置(如图16所示)时,用于完成支付的适当面额的硬币到达为止,并且该合适的硬币将被支付并且传送带电机29被切断。 This will continue until the appropriate coin, i.e. when the door 96 is restored to its alternative position (shown in Figure 16), until the completion of the appropriate denomination for payment reaches the coin, and the coin to be paid appropriate and conveyor motor 29 is cut off.

一旦到达出口31,在该例子中,硬币12由于重力经由出口排出。 Upon reaching the outlet 31, in this example, the coin is discharged through the outlet 12 by gravity. 但是,图17示出了弹簧加载的钱币排出器100,可操作用于提供额外的力以经由出口31排出钱币。 However, FIG. 17 shows a spring loaded coin ejector 100 operable for providing additional force is discharged via outlet 31 coins. 排出器100被这样定位,以使得它逆向弹簧101的力从与钱币接合的位置移动至排出位置,以便经由出口31排出硬币12,并且因此移动至与钱币接合的位置以用于下一个临近的待排出的硬币。 Discharging 100 is positioned so as to reverse the force of the spring 101 so that it is moved from a position engaged with coins to the discharging position, so that the coin 12 is discharged through the outlet 31, and thus moved to a position of engagement with the coin for the next adjacent coins to be discharged. 排出器100由微处理器68控制,从而它可操作,以便在需要排出钱币时被致动。 10068 ejector controlled by the microprocessor, so that it is operable so as to be activated when necessary to discharge the coins.

除了定位在料斗出口31处的简单的第一料斗输出传感器94或复杂的第一料斗输出传感器95之外,第二料斗输出传感器102(在图6中示意性示出)也可与钱币排出器100一起使用。 In addition to the simple output sensor is positioned at the first hopper at the outlet 31 of the hopper 94 or the first hopper complex output of the sensor 95, second sensor output hopper 102 (shown schematically in FIG. 6) may be the coin ejector 100 used together. 它可以是一种机械致动或光学计数器设备,用作防止在第一传感器94或95由于欺骗而出现不能为力的风险时的另一个安全措施。 It may be an optical or a mechanical actuating device counter, as a further safety measures to prevent the risk can not be due deception occurs in the first force sensor 94 or 95.

再次参照图2,硬币12一旦从传送带28的容器排出后,将从料斗出口31显现出来并且加入到通向钱币取走托盘(未示出)的返回路径14中,以便让用户取走。 Referring again to Figure 2, a coin from the container 12 once the conveyor belt 28 is discharged from the outlet of the hopper 31 and added to the apparent removal of the leading coin tray (not shown) of the return path 14, so that the user removed.

排空料斗在一些情况下,需要排空料斗内的所有内容物,例如在职员取走营业收入的那天的结束。 Emptying the hopper, in some cases, emptying all the contents in the hopper, such as removal of the end of the day in revenue staff. 在该情形下,微处理器68向传送带电机驱动器87提供适当的信号,用于驱动传送带电机29以便从料斗出口31连续地排出钱币。 In this case, the microprocessor 68 provides the appropriate signals to the motor drives the belt 87, the motor 29 for driving the conveyor belt 31 so that the outlet is continuously discharged from the coin hoppers. 通常在这种情况下,钱币以常规方式从料斗出口31经由返回路径14排出钱币,并被排出至钱币返回托盘。 Usually in this case, in a conventional manner via the coin return path is discharged from the coin hopper outlet 3114, and is discharged to the coin return tray. 但是,本发明的特征在于清除斜槽盖103(见图3)可被打开,以将钱币从料斗出口31经由第一或第二清除斜槽104、105引向第三或第四钱箱106、107。 However, the present invention is to remove the cap chute 103 (see FIG. 3) can be opened, the coins from the hopper to the outlet 31 via the first or the third or fourth cashbox 104, 105 toward the second chute 106 Clear , 107. 盖103大体上是矩形的,并且可通过连接至并通过清除斜槽盖螺线管(未示出)的驱动可旋转的第一销子108而沿一侧枢转,其中清除斜槽盖螺线管通过受由微处理器68提供的适当信号控制的清除斜槽盖螺线管驱动器109(见图6)驱动。 Cover 103 is generally rectangular, and can connect to the solenoid and a first chute cover by removing the pin 108 along the side of the pivot (not shown) driving a rotatable, wherein the cover screw chute clear ray tube driven by a suitable signal provided by the microprocessor 68 controls the removal of the cap chute solenoid driver 109 (see FIG. 6). 清除斜槽门110同样设置在第一和第二清除斜槽104、105的入口处,用于将硬币从出口31处经由第一和第二清除斜槽104、105之一分别引向第三和第四钱箱106、107之一。 Clear chute gate 110 is also provided at the inlet of the first and second chutes 104, 105 clear, one for the coins from the outlet of the chute 31 via first and second leads 104 and 105, respectively, the third clearance and one fourth cashbox 106,107. 图18c是通用钱币接受器和料斗1的中心部分7从图18a的箭头“E”的方向截取的横断面图。 FIG 18c is a common coin receptacle center portion 1 and the hopper 7, taken from the direction of "E" of the cross-sectional view arrow 18a in FIG. 清除斜槽门110绕经由驱动轴112连接至示于图2的清除斜槽门螺线管113的第二销子111枢转,其中该螺线管控制门110的位置。 Clear chute gate 112 is connected via a drive shaft 110 about to clear is shown in FIG. 2 chute door solenoid 111 second pivot pin 113, wherein the position of the door 110 of the solenoid control. 清除斜槽门110可操作用于沿示于图18c的箭头方向相互转动,以便将硬币12引向第一或第二清除斜槽104、105。 Clear chute gate 110 is operable in the direction of an arrow shown in FIG. 18c rotated each other, so that the coin 12 towards the first or second purge chute 104,105. 如图6所示,清除斜槽门螺线管113通过受微处理器68控制的清除斜槽门螺线管驱动器114驱动。 6, the chute gate cleared by clearing by the solenoid 113 drives the chute gate microprocessor 68 controls the solenoid driver 114.

钱箱参照图18a-18c,示出了通用钱币接受器和料斗1的中心部分7,突出显示了第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19以及第一和第二清除斜槽104、105。 Referring to FIG cashbox 18a-18c, it shows a general center coin receptacle portion 1 and the hopper 7, highlighting the first and second chute cashbox 18, 19 and first and second chutes 104, 105 Clear . 还示出了第一、第二、第三和第四钱箱24、25、106、107,用于分别从第一和第二钱箱斜槽24,25以及第一和第二清除斜槽104、105取走钱币。 Also it shows a first, second, third and fourth 24,25,106,107 cash drawer for cash box from the first and second chutes 24, 25 and first and second purge chute 104,105 coins removed. 图18b是从图18a的箭头“D”的方向截取的示于图18a的中心部分7的横断面图。 Figure 18b is taken from the direction of an arrow in FIG. 18a "D" is shown in cross-sectional view of the center portion 18a of FIG. 7. 图18c是从图18a的箭头“E”的方向截取的示于图18a和18b的中心部分7的横断面图。 FIG 18c is taken from the direction of "E" in FIG arrow 18a shown in FIGS. 18a and 18b of the central cross-sectional view of portion 7. 钱箱24、25、106、107可以是完全独立的盒子,可被容纳在具有任意数量的第一、第二或第三分隔部分115、116、117的相同盒子内,或者是统一的以用于通过移除分隔部分115、116、117而形成单个钱箱。 24,25,106,107 cashbox cassette may be completely independent, it can be housed in the same case with an arbitrary number of first, second or third partition part 115,116,117, or to use a unified to form a single cash box by the removal of the partition portion 115,116,117.

图6的位于点线框44之外的下部区域示出了不同于接受器10内的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1内的电路。 FIG 6 is located in the lower region outside the dotted box 44 shows a circuit within a general different from the coin hopper receptacle means 10 within the receptacle. 除了先前描述的元件之外,该电路还包括与微处理器68相连的存储设备118,供电设备119和外部连接装置120。 In addition to the elements previously described, the circuit further includes a storage device 68 connected to the microprocessor 118, the power supply apparatus 119 and the external connection device 120.

微处理器68可执行在其它方面由接受器微控制器46执行的功能。 The microprocessor 68 may perform functions performed by the receiver microcontroller 46 in other ways. 在该情况下,接受器10可以不包括微控制器46本身,并且可替代的是由虚线框121限定的单个处理器可被用在装置1中。 In this case, the receptacle 10 may not include a microcontroller 46 itself, and alternatively a single processor is defined by the dashed box 121 may be used in the device 1. 而且,与微处理器68相连的存储器118可存储在其它方面由接受器存储器47保持的数据。 Further, the memory connected with the microprocessor 68 may store data 118 In other aspects of memory 47 held by the receptacle. 接受器10可以不包括单个的存储设备47,并且由虚线框122限定的单个存储器可被用在装置1中。 The receptacle 10 may not comprise a single storage device 47, and a single memory defined by the dashed box 122 may be used in the device 1.

第二实施例图19示出了根据本发明的通用旋转式接受器和料斗装置123。 Second Embodiment FIG. 19 shows a general rotating susceptor 123 and the hopper device according to the invention. 其包括接受器124,接受门125和料斗装置126。 Which comprises a receiver 124, a receiving hopper doors 125 and 126. 钱币127经由输入开口128进入到接受器124。 Coin 127 into the receptacle 124 via the input opening 128. 通用旋转式接受器和料斗装置123的接受器124以与先前描述的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的接受器10类似的方式操作。 Universal rotary receptacle and the hopper device 123 of the receptacle 124 in a similar manner common coin receptacle means and the receptacle and the hopper 10 of the previously described operation. 所示的接受器124包括微控制器,可操作用于确定被插入的钱币的真实性以及提供相应的信号,以使得接受门125引导钱币至接受路径129或返回路径130。 Receptacle 124 shown comprises a microcontroller operable to determine the authenticity of the inserted coins and providing a corresponding signal, so that the coin acceptance gate 125 to accept the guide path 129 or the return path 130. 如果钱币127被接受器124判定为是不可接受的,则钱币127经由返回路径130引向返回托盘(未示出),以便用户取走。 If the coin 127 is determined to be unacceptable receptacle 124, the coin return tray 127,130 directed via a return path (not shown), so that the user removed. 可替换地,如果被判定是可接受的,则钱币127被引向料斗装置126。 Alternatively, if it is determined to be acceptable, the coin hopper 127 is directed to means 126.

料斗装置126包括壳体131,料斗存储器132和安装在壳体131上的盘式旋转件133。 Hopper means 126 includes a housing 131, a memory 132 and a hopper 133 mounted to the disc rotor on the housing 131. 旋转件133通过安装在壳体131内的电电机(未示出)经由减速齿轮系(未示出)而沿箭头“R”的方向旋转。 The rotary member 133 via a reduction gear train (not shown) mounted electric motor (not shown) within the housing 131 is rotated in the arrow direction of "R".

在使用中,料斗存储器132用作钱币源并将这些钱币进给至由旋转件133的表面上的凸缘135形成的容器中。 In use, the hopper coin memory 132 is used as a source and feeding these coins to the container by a flange 133 on the surface of the rotary member 135 formed. 硬币出口136设置在临近钱币排出设备138的侧壁137中。 Coin outlet 136 is disposed adjacent to the coin discharge apparatus 138 in the sidewall 137. 从接受门125处进给至料斗存储器132中的钱币127因此可被进给到容器134中,并且当旋转件133通过电电机旋转时,钱币沿环形路径移动直到到达邻接排出设备138的位置时为止。 Therefore, when can be fed into the container 134, and when the rotary member is rotated by the electric motor 133, circular path movement of coins along until reaching the abutment position of the device 138 is discharged from the acceptance of the door 125 is fed to the hopper memory 132 coins 127 until. 排出设备138迫使钱币127通过出口136,并且钱币137被引向返回托盘,以便用户取走。 138 forces the coin discharge apparatus 127 through outlet 136, and the coin 137 is guided to return the tray, so that the user removed.

计数装置(未示出)可合并在装置123内,用于在钱币被排出时对其进行计数。 Counting means (not shown) may be incorporated in the apparatus 123 for counting them when the coin is discharged.

与在图9、10和11中描述的合并在通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1中的分拣器装置类似的分拣器装置可合并在装置123中。 Similar to the 9, 10 and 11 are combined in general described coin hopper receptacle means and a sorting means sorting means 123 may be incorporated in the apparatus. 该装置可操作用于经由根据例如料斗存储器132的钱币面额或充填面描述的钱箱斜槽类似的钱箱斜槽将钱币选择性地引导至一个或多个钱箱。 The chute means is operable via a chute according to a similar cashbox cashbox e.g. denomination coin hopper or filling the surface of the memory 132 will be described selectively directing coins to one or more cash drawer. 装置123还可以包括用于通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的钱币清除门和相连接的机构以及所述电路。 Apparatus 123 may further include a common coin acceptor and coin hopper means and to clear the door 1 and a mechanism connected to said circuit.

通用接受器和双料斗实施例图20是根据本发明的通用接受器和双料斗装置139的第一外视图,该装置包括接受器单元以及第一和第二料斗。 General receptacle of FIG dual hopper and the first embodiment 20 is an external view of the receptacle of the present invention and common dual hopper apparatus 139 according to the apparatus comprising a receiver unit and first and second hopper. 通用接受器和双料斗装置139包括第一中心部分140和第二中心部分141。 And common dual hopper receptacle means 139 includes central portion 140 and a second portion 141 of the first center. 通过与通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1类似的方式,还设置有第一和第二盖142、143。 In a similar manner to General coins and the hopper receptacle means 1, further provided with first and second covers 142, 143. 通用接受器和双料斗装置139的第一中心部分140还包括钱币进入开口144和钱币返回开口145。 A first common central receptacle apparatus 139 and the dual hopper portion 140 further includes an opening 144 into the coin and coin return opening 145. 如图21所示,第一中心部分还设置有用于将钱币排出到一个或多个钱箱的其它开口146、147。 21, further provided with a first central portion for discharging the coins to a cash box or a plurality of further openings 146,147. 而且,设置有用于外部连接的开口148,以及印刷电路板盖149。 Further, an opening 148, and a printed circuit board with a cover 149 for external connection.

通用接受器和双料斗装置139与示于图1-4的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1相同,但是除了第二中心部分141之外,其包括第二料斗装置。 And the same general receiver apparatus 139 and the common dual hopper coin hopper receptacle means 1 shown in Figures 1-4, but in addition a second central portion 141, which includes a second hopper means. 参照图2,这是从图20的箭头指示“F”的方向截取的通用接受器和双料斗装置139的第一中心部分140的侧视图。 Referring to FIG. 2, which is a side view of the first receptacle and the central common dual hopper device 139 indicating "F" from an arrow direction in FIG. 20, taken in section 140.

在装置1中未使用的通向第二料斗的第二料斗斜槽67被用在通用接受器和双料斗装置139中,以便将钱币引向位于第二中心部分141的第二料斗中,这将在下文更详细的描述。 In a second hopper leading to the second hopper device 1 is not used chute 67 and is used in common dual hopper receptacle means 139, so that the coins towards the center of the second hopper located in the second portion 141, which It will be described in more detail.

现在将参照附图详细描述在硬币12插入到装置139之后通用接受器和双料斗装置139的操作。 Reference will now be in a general dual hopper device 139 and the receptacle after coin 12 is inserted into the apparatus 139 detailed description.

参照图2,进入到通用接受器和双料斗装置139的硬币12将进入到接受器10并且以与先前参照单料斗装置1描述的方式类似的方式被分析。 Referring to FIG 2 the coin, into the general receptacle apparatus 139 and the dual hopper 12 and into the receptacle 10 in the manner previously described with reference to the single hopper apparatus 1 is analyzed in a similar manner. 如果硬币12被卡在接受器10中,它将通过致动在先前描述的接收清除程序而自动释放,并且经由钱币返回路径14返回至用户。 If the coin 12 is stuck in the receptacle 10, it will automatically release the previously received clearing procedure described by actuation of the return path 14 and returned to the user via the coins. 可替换地,如果硬币12未被卡在接受器10中,则它经由接受器出口43离开接受器10,并且根据由接受器微控制器46所判定的硬币是真的还是假的而经由接受门11被引向接受路径13或返回路径14。 Alternatively, if the coin 12 is not stuck in the receptacle 10, it exits via the outlet receptacle 43 the receptacle 10, and a receptacle in accordance with the microcontroller 46 determines that the coin is true or false acceptance via the acceptance gate 11 is directed to return path 14 or path 13. 根据本发明的一个实施例,通用接受器和双料斗装置139的接受门11以与示于图7和8的通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的接受门11的操作方式类似的方式来操作。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, and common dual hopper receptacle apparatus 139 is shown with the acceptance gate 11 and 7 in a manner similar to the operation of the common coin acceptance gate 8 and the hopper receptacle means 11 of FIG. 1 operates. 因此,硬币12经由返回路径14被引向入口145,或经由接受路径13被引向分拣器15。 Therefore, the coin return path 12 via the inlet 14 is directed to 145, or via a path 13 to be directed to accept the sorter 15.

图22示出了通用接受器和双料斗装置139的分拣器装置15,并且它与参照图9-11描述的用于通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的分拣器装置15相同。 FIG. 22 illustrates a generalized dual hopper receptacle means 139 and the sorting device 15, and it means the same as for general sorting coins and the hopper receptacle 15 of apparatus 1 described with reference to Figures 9-11. 图22所示的附图标记与图9-11中所使用的附图标记相同。 The same reference numerals as shown in FIG. 9-11 and FIG. 22 is used.

图22示出了该分拣器装置,其中第一分拣器门螺线管57被致动,以便第一分拣器臂59延伸,以使得第一分拣器门16的料斗通道62从接受门11开始与接受路径13对准。 22 shows the sorting apparatus, wherein the first sorting door solenoid 57 is actuated, so that the first arm 59 extends sorter, a first passage 62 so that the hopper door 16 from the sorter acceptance gate 11 starts with the receiving path 13 are aligned. 料斗通道62根据第二分拣器门17的位置而将钱币引导至第一和第二滑槽66、67中的一个上。 The hopper coin passage 62 is guided to the first and second chutes 66, 67 in accordance with a position of the second sorting gate 17. 在该例子中,第一料斗被用于接收、存储和返回第一面额的硬币,并且第二料斗被用于接收、存储和返回第二面额的硬币。 In this example, a first hopper for receiving, storing and return of coins of the first denomination, and a second hopper for receiving, storing and return of coins of the second denomination. 在图22所示的例子中,第二分拣器门螺线管58被致动,以便第二分拣器臂60收缩,以使得第二分拣器门17的第二槽路面64与第一分拣器门16的料斗通道62以及接受路径13对准。 In the example shown in FIG. 22, the second sorting gate solenoid 58 is actuated, so that the second sorter arm 60 contracts to the road surface such that the second groove 17 of the second sorting gate 64 of the first a sorter hopper doors 16 and the passage 62 are aligned to accept path 13. 这使得插入的硬币12被引向第二滑槽17并且进入到第二料斗内。 This makes the insertion of the coin 12 is directed toward the second chute 17 and into the second hopper.

第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19可被用于通用接受器和双料斗装置139中,以使得在一个或两个料斗填满后,进入的硬币可根据它们的面额而被引向第一和第二钱箱24、25之一(见图18b)。 The first and second chutes 18, 19 may be used for cash drawer receptacle and common dual hopper means 139, such that after one or two hoppers filled into the coin may be directed according to their denominations one of the first and second cash drawer 24, 25 (see FIG. 18b). 可替换地,第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19均可被用于相同面额的硬币或可通向同一个钱箱以接收单面额或多面额的硬币,或者第一和第二钱箱斜槽18、19中的一个或另一个可被完全省略。 Alternatively, the first and second safe for a coin chute 18, 19 may be the same or may lead to the same denomination of a cash box for receiving coins of the denomination or denominations a single, or the first and second money a chute box 18, 19 or the other may be omitted entirely.

该分拣器装置可操作用于将插入的硬币引向第一或第二料斗装置,以及一个或多个钱箱。 The sorter is operable means for inserting coins directed to the first or second hopper means, and one or more of the cash drawer. 双料斗装置139内的第一料斗位于第一中心部分140中,并且根据本发明的一个方面,它与示于图3和4的通用接受器和料斗1是相同的。 First hopper means 139 in the dual hopper located in the center of the first portion 140, and according to one aspect of the present invention, it is shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 of hopper common receptacle 1 are the same. 图3相应地示出了从图20的箭头“G”的方向截取的根据本发明的双料斗装置的第一中心部分140的横断面图。 Accordingly, FIG. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of a dual hopper apparatus first center portion 140 of the present invention taken from the "G" direction of arrow 20 of FIG. 图3是图4的从其II线截取的侧视图。 FIG 3 is a side view from the line II of Figure 4 taken. 第一料斗以与先前参照通用接受器和料斗装置1描述的方式类似的方式工作。 Working first hopper in the manner described previously with reference to a common receptacle and the hopper apparatus in a similar manner. 例如示于图17的支在弹簧上的排出器100也可被用于增加第一料斗的支付速度。 Branched example shown in FIG 17 on the ejector spring 100 may also be used to pay the first hopper speed increases. 而且,图16所示的复杂料斗输出传感器95和料斗出口门96可合并在第一料斗中,例如在料斗将被用于多种面额的硬币时。 Moreover, the complex output of the hopper and the hopper outlet door sensor 95 shown in FIG. 16 in the first hopper 96 may be combined, for example in a hopper to be used for a variety of coin denominations.

双料斗装置的第二料斗可定位在第二中心部分141中。 A second hopper dual hopper device may be positioned at a second center portion 141. 装置139的该部分141的横断面图示于图23中。 The cross section of the portion of the device 139 shown in FIG. 23 141. 以与第一料斗类似的方式,该部分包括料斗装置150,其包括料斗入口151、料斗存储器152、传送带153、具有传送带齿轮装置155的传送带电机154以及钱币出口156。 In a similar manner to the first hopper, the apparatus includes a hopper portion 150, which includes a hopper inlet 151, a memory hopper 152, conveyor belt 153, a motor 154 having a conveyor belt 156 and the coin outlet 155 of the gear device. 钱币12经由钱币入口151进入到第二料斗,该入口是图22所示的第二滑槽67的端部。 Coin coins via the inlet 12 into the second hopper 151 to the inlet end of the second chute 67 is shown in FIG. 22. 被插入的钱币随后落入到第二料斗存储器152中。 Subsequently inserted coins fall into the hopper of the second memory 152. 存储器152具有向下倾斜的基座157,因此钱币12由于重力将向传送带153的内侧158移动。 The memory 152 has a base 157 downwardly, thus coins inside the belt 12 due to gravity 158 will move 153. 传送带153通过传送带电机154沿方向“S”被选择性地驱动,以便排出硬币以使其通过出口156。 The conveyor belt 153 "S" is selectively driven by the motor 154 in the direction of the belt, so that it is discharged through the outlet 156 of the coin. 例如示于图17的支在弹簧上的排出器100可被用于增加第二料斗的支付速度。 Branched example shown in FIG 17 on the ejector spring 100 may be used to increase the speed of the second hopper to pay. 而且,图16所示的复杂料斗输出传感器95和料斗出口门96可合并在第二料斗中,例如在第二料斗装置150将被用于多种面额的硬币时。 Moreover, the complex output of the hopper and the hopper outlet door sensor 95 shown in FIG. 16 in the second hopper 96 may be combined, for example in the second hopper device 150 to be used for a variety of coin denominations.

硬币12经由返回路径14从料斗出口156排出至托盘,以便用户取走。 1214 coins from the hopper outlet via the return path 156 is discharged to the tray, so that the user removed. 通用接受器和双料斗装置139还可包括用于通用钱币接受器和料斗装置1的钱币清除门和相连接的机构以及所述电路。 And common dual hopper receptacle means 139 may further comprise a common coin acceptor and coin hopper means and to clear the door 1 and a mechanism connected to said circuit.

由于与通用接受器和料斗装置1与通用接受器和双料斗装置之间的相似性,图18a-18c同样示出了通用接受器和双料斗装置139的第一中心部分140。 Since the common hopper receptacle means and similarities between the receptacle 1 and the common dual hopper and means FIGS 18a-18c illustrate the same first center common dual hopper receptacle means 139 and section 140. 图18c是从图18a的箭头“E”的方向截取的示于图18a和18b的中心部分140的横断面图。 FIG 18c is taken from the direction of "E" in FIG arrow 18a shown in FIGS. 18a and 18b of the center cross section 140 of FIG. 图18c示出了第一和第二清除斜槽104、105分别通向第三和第四钱箱106、107。 Figure 18c shows a first chute 104 and 105 are cleared and the second third and fourth leads 106, 107 cashbox. 第二清除斜槽105未被使用在通用接受器和料斗装置1中,但是在通用接受器和双料斗装置139中,第二清除斜槽105被用于将钱币从第二料斗引向第四钱箱107。 Clear second chute 105 is not used in common to the receptacle means and the hopper 1, but in a general dual hopper receptacle means 139 and the second chute 105 is used to remove the coin from the second hopper toward the fourth cashbox 107. 通过这种方式,第一和第二料斗,如果被用于分开钱币面额或货币,可分别通过第一和第二清除斜槽104、105在一天的结束排空它们的内容物。 In this manner, the first and second hopper, be used to separate if the coins or currency denomination, respectively, the first and second chutes 104, 105 clear the contents of the evacuation thereof by the end of the day. 可替换地,单个的清除斜槽可被用于将从第一和第二料斗装置中清除的钱币引向单个钱箱。 Alternatively, a single chute may be used to remove from the first and second hopper means toward a single coin cashbox removed.

双料斗装置在一可替换的实施例中,接受器10和接受门11可从通用接受器和双料斗装置139中略去,这在其它方面给出了描述,以使得该装置仅仅是双料斗装置。 Dual hopper apparatus in a embodiment alternative embodiment, the receptacle 10 and the acceptance gate 11 may be omitted from common dual hopper and receptacle apparatus 139, the description of which is given in other ways, so that the device is only dual hopper means . 参照图2并且使用在那里描述的附图标记,接受器10和接受门11可由从钱币输入口2延伸至钱币分拣器15的钱币斜槽(未示出)代替,并且该装置的电路可被相应地调节。 Referring to FIG. 2 reference numerals and described therein, the receptacle 10 and the acceptance gate 11 may be formed extending from the input port 2 to the coin sorting coins coin chute (not shown) instead of 15, and the circuit of the device may It is adjusted accordingly. 这可包括额外的例如位于钱币斜槽中的钱币面额感应装置,用于确定输入的钱币的面额并将该信息提供至处理器68。 This may include additional sensing means located, for example, coin denomination coins in the chute, means for determining the denomination of the coin input and provides this information to the processor 68. 在其中安装有双料斗装置的自动售货机或其它机器也可在其内部安装单个的接受器,用于接受被插入到该机器中的钱币并将钱币进给至双料斗装置的入口144。 In which the apparatus is mounted dual hopper automatic vending machine or other machine may also be mounted in a single receptacle therein, an inlet 144 for receiving the machine is inserted into coins and coins fed to the dual hopper apparatus. 在这种情况下,该双料斗装置可接收来自单个接受器的指示输入钱币的面额的信号。 In this case, the dual hopper means may receive a signal from a single denomination coin acceptor instruction input.

环形传送带图24是根据本发明一个实施例的环形传送带160,其用于根据本发明的料斗。 An endless conveyor belt 24 is endless belt 160 according to an embodiment of the present invention, for use in a hopper according to the invention. 所示的环形传送带160通过塑料由单个制模形成,并且包括多个刚性的矩形片段161,该矩形片段通过多个由比刚性的片段161薄一些的塑料区域形成的柔性区域162相互连接在一起。 Endless conveyor belt 160 shown formed by a single molding by a plastic, and includes a plurality of rigid rectangular segment 161, the rectangular segments connected together by a plurality of flexible region 162 formed by a rigid plastic region than the thinner segments 161. 每一个刚性片段161在它的内表面上包括形成了凸缘163的隆起部分,该凸缘横跨每一个刚性片段161的宽度延伸。 Each rigid segments 161 on its inner surface includes a raised portion formed in the flange 163, the flange 161 extends across the width of each of the rigid segments. 在每一个凸缘的一个侧边是直立的突起164,其在环形传送带160被使用时用作先前描述的搅拌器。 In one side of each upstanding flange projection 164, which the belt 160 as previously described is used when annular stirrer. 每一个刚性片段161还包括分别从刚性片段161的第一和第二长边167、168延伸出来的第一和第二突起165、166。 Each rigid segment 161 further includes first and second protrusions 165, 166 extend from the rigid segment of the first and second long sides 167, 168 out of 161. 这些突起165、166在使用时将在料斗内的路径(未示出)中滑动。 These protrusions 165, 166 in the hopper path (not shown) sliding in use. 该路径以环形路径引导环形传送带160。 The route guidance path endless conveyor belt loop 160. 矩形的刚性片段161还包括多个位于它们外表面上的齿169,这些齿在使用时与由传送带电机驱动的驱动轮啮合。 Rigid segments 161 further comprises a plurality of rectangular teeth 169 located on the outer surface thereof, the teeth mesh with the motor driven by the conveyor drive wheel in use.

整个环形传送带161可由单个制模形成或者可替换地,单个制模可被用于形成环形传送带160的基本框架,其具有例如凸缘163、承辊165、166和齿169的零件,这些零件通过使用常规技术被相继焊接在环形传送带160的基本框架上,。 The entire endless belt 161 is formed by a single molding or, alternatively, a single mold can be used to form a substantially endless conveyor frame 160, 163 having, for example, roller bearing 165, 166 and the teeth 169 of the flange parts, these parts by using conventional techniques endless belt are successively welded to the base frame 160,.

料斗充填装置图25示出了根据本发明的料斗充填装置170。 Hopper filling device according to FIG. 25 illustrates a filling hopper device 170 of the present invention. 其包括壳体171,料斗存储器172和安装在壳体171上的盘式旋转件173。 Which comprises a housing 171, a memory 172 and a hopper rotary disc member 173 mounted on the housing 171. 旋转件173通过安装在壳体171内的电电机(未示出)经由减速齿轮系(未示出)而沿箭头“T”的方向旋转。 The rotary member 173 via a reduction gear train (not shown) mounted electric motor (not shown) within the housing 171 rotates in the direction of arrow "T" is.

充填装置170通常以与由钱币控制有限公司(Money ControlsLimited)制造的钱币分配装置,即紧凑型料斗(Compact Hopper)类似的方式来操作。 Filling means 170 and the coin dispensing apparatus is generally manufactured by Coin Control Ltd (Money ControlsLimited), i.e. similar manner compact hopper (Compact Hopper) to operate. 关于这种装置的操作同样可参考EP-A-0266021。 Operating on such a device may also refer to EP-A-0266021.

在使用中,硬币被进给至料斗172中,从而该料斗被用作钱币源并将这些钱币进给到旋转件173的圆形孔174中。 In use, the coin is fed to the hopper 172, so that the coin hopper is used as a source and the coins fed into the circular hole 173 of the rotary member 174. 这些硬币在壳体171的倾斜的侧壁175上滑动,其中该壳体具有由位于旋转件173的圆形边周围的圆形侧壁176限定的环形上表面。 These coins on the inclined sidewall 175 of the housing 171 of the slide, wherein the housing has a side wall defined by a circular rotary member positioned around the circular edge 173 of the annular upper surface 176. 硬币出口177设置在侧壁176中,并经由较短的硬币斜槽通向硬币出口178。 Coin outlet 177 provided in the side walls 176 and 178 via the coin outlet leading to shorter coin chute. 呈旋转叉形件形式的硬币排出装置179,具有从壳体171的倾斜壁175的孔突出的第一和第二硬币接合件。 Rotationally fork 179 in the form of coin dispensing apparatus having a housing 171 from the inclined wall 175 of the projecting apertures of the first and second coin engaging member.

充填装置170定位在与将要充填的硬币分配装置180相连的位置处,从而在分配装置180的硬币出口178和硬币入口181之间建立了连续的钱币路径。 Filling device 170 is positioned between the outlet of the coin at a position to be filled is connected to coin dispensing apparatus 180, the dispensing device 180 so that the coin inlet 178 and 181 to establish a continuous coin path. 可提供定位件182以帮助充填装置170的定位。 Positioning member 182 may be provided to assist in positioning of the filling apparatus 170. 这些部件可定位在所述的分配装置的表面上,或者可替换地可被定位在充填装置170上。 These components may be positioned on the surface of the dispensing device, or alternatively may be positioned in the filling apparatus 170.

进给到料斗172中的钱币因此被送至圆形孔175中,并且在旋转件173通过电电机旋转时,它沿着环形的路径移动直到到达邻接排出装置179的位置时为止。 Feeding coins into the hopper 172 is thus fed in the circular hole 175, and when the rotary member is rotated by the electric motor 173, which moves up until it reaches a position adjacent to the discharging means 179 along circular path. 排出装置179经由出口177排出钱币,并且因此该钱币被引向硬币出口178。 Coin apparatus 179 is discharged through the discharge outlet 177, and thus the coin is guided to the coin outlet 178. 借助于分配装置180的硬币出口178和硬币入口181之间的连续钱币路径,硬币从该开口178处被引向分配装置180中。 Coin continuous path between the dispensing device 180 by means of a coin outlet 178 and inlet 181 of the coin, the coin 178 from the opening of the dispensing device 180 is directed.

计数装置(未示出)可合并在充填装置170内,用于在钱币被排出时对其进行计数。 Counting means (not shown) may be incorporated in the filling means 170 for counting them when the coin is discharged. 被排出的钱币的数量可显示在充填装置170的LCD或其它形式的显示器(未示出)上。 The number of coins to be discharged may be displayed on the LCD display or other form of filling apparatus 170 (not shown). 该充填装置还可包括与分配装置180相连的连接装置一起定位的连接装置183。 The filling apparatus may further comprise connection means 183 is connected with the positioning means 180 is connected to the dispensing device. 通过这种方式,在充填装置170和钱币分配装置180之间可具有一个或多个电连接184。 In this manner, between the filling device 170 and a coin dispensing apparatus 180 may have one or more electrical connectors 184. 因此,充填装置170可接收来自钱币分配装置的动力和指令信号。 Thus, the filling device 170 may receive power and command signals from the coin dispensing apparatus. 充填装置170可将一个或多个信号提供至分配装置180,用于指示例如已经从充填装置170排出的硬币的数量。 Filling apparatus 170 may provide one or more signals to the dispensing means 180, for example indicating the number has been discharged from the filling apparatus 170 for the coin. 在所示的例子中,充填装置170具有用于致动和终止装置170的操作的开关185。 In the example shown, the filling device 170 having termination means for actuating the switch 185 and the operation 170.

这里所使用的术语“钱币”包括硬币、代币和其它类似的具有货币价值属性的物品。 The term "coin" used herein include coins, tokens and other similar items of monetary value attribute.

这里所描述的接受器不必是由感应线圈形成的传感器。 The receptacle need not be described herein sensor is formed by the induction coil. 其它感应装置,例如光学传感器可被选择地用在该接受器中。 Other sensing devices, such as an optical sensor can be used in the selected receptacle. 在这种情况下,接受器电路应被相应地调节,例如,包括对线圈驱动器和接口电路45,以及接受器微控制器46的操作进行更改。 In this case, the receiver circuit shall be adjusted accordingly, for example, comprising a coil driver and interface circuitry 45, microcontroller 46 and the operation of the receiver changes.

Claims (70)

1.一种钱币分配装置,包括壳体,在该壳体内包括:钱币接受器;可选择地驱动的环形传送带,它的路径包括钱币接收部分;和钱币存储器,用于接收来自钱币接受器的钱币,并将待分配的一批钱币顺序进给至所述钱币接收部分中,该传送带在其上具有多个容器,当传送带经过钱币接收部分中的所述一批钱币并将其输送至出口点时,每一个容器在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币。 A coin dispensing apparatus comprising a housing, within the housing comprising: a coin acceptor; selectively driven endless conveyor path includes a receiving portion which coins; coins and a memory for receiving money receptacle coins, a number of coins to be dispensed and sequentially fed to the coin receiving portion, the belt having a plurality of containers thereon, the conveyor belt when the number of coins through the coin receiving part and transported to the outlet when points, each container adapted to carry a coin to be dispensed in use.
2.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其中接受器包括:信号源,用于产生作为钱币感应特征的函数的钱币参数信号;和第一处理装置,可操作用于判定参数信号采用第一预定值关系在何时发生,并且与此响应,以根据钱币的可接受性提供第一输出信号。 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the receptacle comprising: a signal source for generating a coin parameter signal as a function of characteristic coin sensor; and a first processing means operable for determining a first parameter using a predetermined signal value relationship occurs when, and in response to this, the acceptability provides a first output signal in accordance with coins.
3.根据权利要求2所述的装置,其中接受器是权利要求52或53中的接受器。 3. The apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the receptacle is a receptacle 53 or claim 52.
4.根据权利要求2或3所述的装置,还包括钱币接受路径,钱币返回路径和接受门,其中该接受门可操作用于根据钱币的可接受性将钱币从接受器处引向所述钱币返回路径和钱币接受路径之一。 4. The apparatus of claim 2 or claim 3, further comprising a path of coins accepted, coin return path and the acceptance gate, wherein the gate is operable for receiving said coins towards the receptacle according to the acceptability of the coins coins and coin return path takes one path.
5.根据权利要求4所述的装置,其中接受门可响应第一输出信号而操作。 5. The apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein the door can operate in response to receiving the first output signal.
6.根据权利要求4或5所述的装置,其中钱币返回路径通向钱币返回托盘。 6. The apparatus according to claim 4 or claim 5, wherein the coin return path to the coin return tray.
7.根据前述权利要求中任一项所述的装置,还包括分拣装置,可操作用于接收由钱币接受器所接受的钱币并将该接受的钱币选择性地引向钱币存储器。 7. The device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, further comprising sorting means operable to receive from the coin acceptor and coin accepted the coin accepted coins selectively directed to the memory.
8.根据权利要求7所述的装置,其中分拣装置还可操作用于将钱币引向钱箱。 8. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the means is further operable for sorting coins directed to the cash box.
9.根据权利要求7或8所述的装置,还包括第二处理装置,可操作用于提供第二输出信号,并且其中分拣装置可操作用于响应第二输出信号而引导钱币。 9. The apparatus of claim 7 or claim 8, further comprising a second processing means operable to provide a second output signal, and wherein the sorting means is operable in response to an output signal of a second coin is guided.
10.根据权利要求9所述的装置,还包括:可选择地驱动的第二环形传送带,它的路径包括第二钱币接收部分;和第二钱币存储器,用于从钱币接受器接收钱币,并将待分配的第二批钱币顺序进给至所述第二钱币接收部分中,该第二传送带在其上具有多个拾取装置,当第二传送带经过第二钱币接收部分中的第二批钱币并将其输送至第二出口点时,每一个拾取装置在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币。 10. The apparatus according to claim 9, further comprising: selectively driving a second endless belt, which path comprises a second coin receiving portion; and a second coin memory, for receiving the coins from the coin receptacle, and the second batch of coins to be dispensed sequentially fed to the second coin receiving portion, the second conveyor having a plurality of pickup devices in which, when the second conveyor belt through a second receiving portion of the second batch of coins in the coin when the outlet and conveyed to a second point, each of the coin carrying device is adapted in use to be dispensed pickup.
11.根据权利要求10所述的装置,其中分拣装置还可操作用于将钱币选择性地引向第二钱币存储器。 11. The apparatus according to claim 10, wherein the means is further operable for sorting coins coins selectively directed to a second memory.
12.根据权利要求9、10或11所述的装置,其中第二输出信号取决于钱币存储器中的钱币数量。 12. The apparatus of claim 9, 10 or according to claim 11, wherein the second output signal depends on the number of coins in the coin storage.
13.根据权利要求10、11或12所述的装置,其中第二输出信号取决于第二钱币存储器中的钱币数量。 13. The apparatus according to claim 11 or claim 12, wherein the second output signal depending on the number of coins, the second coin memory.
14.根据权利要求9-13中任一项所述的装置,其中第二输出信号取决于钱币的面额。 14. The apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 9-13, wherein the second output signal dependent on the denomination of the coin.
15.根据前述权利要求中任一项所述的装置,还包括排出装置,可操作用于提供将钱币从容器中经由出口点排出的力。 15. The apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, further comprising discharge means, operable to provide a force to coins discharged through the exit point from the container.
16.根据权利要求15所述的装置,还包括与所述排出装置相连的出口感应装置,所述出口感应装置可操作用于检测从容器之一移动通过出口点的钱币。 16. The apparatus according to claim 15, further comprising sensing means associated with the outlet means of said discharge outlet of said coin sensing means operable to detect movement from one container through the outlet point.
17.根据前述权利要求中任一项所述的装置,还包括可操作用于引导钱币经由第一出口路径离开容器并到达钱币返回托盘的装置,和可操作用于引导钱币经由第二出口路径离开容器并到达钱箱的清除装置。 17. The apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a container operable for guiding coins away from the outlet via a first path and reaches the coin tray return device, and operable for guiding the coins via a second outlet path leaving the container and reaching the cashbox cleaning device.
18.一种钱币分配装置,包括壳体,在该壳体内包括:钱币接受器;可选择地驱动的旋转件,它基本上为盘形并具有多个呈环形布置的钱币接受器;钱币存储器,用于接收来自钱币接受器的钱币,并用于将待分配的一批钱币连续进给至所述多个钱币容器;和电机,用于选择性地驱动旋转件,以便将钱币输送至出口点。 18. A coin dispensing apparatus comprising a housing, within the housing comprising: a coin acceptor; selectively driven rotary member, which is substantially disc shaped and having a plurality of coin receptacles disposed annularly; Coin memory for receiving the coins from the coin receptacle, and for a number of coins to be dispensed is continuously fed to said plurality of coin container; and a motor for selectively driving the rotary member for delivering coins to an exit point .
19.根据权利要求18所述的装置,其中接受器包括:信号源,用于产生作为钱币感应特征的函数的钱币参数信号;和第一处理装置可操作用于判定参数信号采用第一预定值关系在何时发生,并且与此响应,以根据钱币的可接受性提供第一输出信号。 19. The apparatus according to claim 18, wherein the receptacle comprising: a signal source for generating a coin parameter signal as a function of coin sensing feature; and processing means operable for determining a first parameter signal with a first predetermined value relationship when it occurred, and in response to this, the acceptability provides a first output signal in accordance with coins.
20.根据权利要求19所述的装置,其中接受器是权利要求52或53中的接受器。 20. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the receptacle is a receptacle of claim 52 or 53.
21.根据权利要求19或20所述的装置,还包括钱币接收路径,钱币返回路径和接受门,其中该接受门可操作用于根据钱币的可接受性将钱币从接受器处引向所述钱币返回路径和钱币接受路径之一。 21. The apparatus of claim 19 or claim 20, further comprising a receive path coins, coin return path and the acceptance gate, wherein the gate is operable to accept coins according to the acceptability of the coins towards the said receptacle from coins and coin return path takes one path.
22.根据权利要求21所述的装置,其中接受门可响应第一输出信号而操作。 22. The apparatus according to claim 21, wherein the door can operate in response to receiving the first output signal.
23.根据权利要求21或22所述的装置,其中钱币返回路径通向钱币返回托盘。 23. The apparatus of claim 21 or claim 22, wherein the return path to the coin return coin tray.
24.根据权利要求18-23中任一项所述的装置,还包括分拣装置,可操作用于接收由钱币接受器所接受的钱币并将该接受的钱币选择性地引向钱币存储器。 24. The apparatus of any one of claims 18-23, further comprising sorting means operable to receive from the coin acceptor and coin accepted the coin accepted coins selectively directed to the memory.
25.根据权利要求24所述的装置,其中分拣装置还可操作用于将钱币引向钱箱。 25. The apparatus according to claim 24, wherein the means is further operable for sorting coins directed to the cash box.
26.根据权利要求24或25所述的装置,还包括第二处理装置,可操作用于提供第二输出信号,并且其中分拣装置可操作用于响应第二输出信号而引导钱币。 26. The apparatus of claim 24 or 25, further comprising a second processing means operable to provide a second output signal, and wherein the sorting means is operable in response to the second output signal is guided to claim coins.
27.根据权利要求26所述的装置,其中第二输出信号取决于钱币存储器中的钱币数量。 27. The apparatus according to claim 26, wherein the second output signal depends on the number of coins in the coin storage.
28.根据权利要求26或27所述的装置,其中第二输出信号取决于钱币的面额。 28. The apparatus of claim 26 or claim 27, wherein the second output signal dependent on the denomination of the coin.
29.根据权利要求18-28中任一项所述的装置,还包括排出装置可操作用于提供将钱币从容器中经由出口点排出的力。 29. The apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 18-28, further comprising discharging means is operable to provide a force to coins discharged through the exit point from the container.
30.根据权利要求29所述的装置,还包括与所述排出装置相连的出口感应装置,所述出口感应装置可操作用于检测从容器之一移动通过出口点的钱币。 30. The apparatus according to claim 29, further comprising sensing means connected to an outlet of said discharge means, said outlet means is operable for sensing movement detecting coins from one container through the outlet point.
31.根据权利要求18-30中任一项所述的装置,还包括可操作用于引导钱币经由第一出口路径离开容器并到达钱币返回托盘的装置,和可操作用于引导钱币经由第二出口路径离开容器并到达钱箱的清除装置。 31. The apparatus as claimed in any one of 18-30, further including the claims operable for directing coins away from the vessel via a first outlet path and reaches the coin tray return means, and operative for guiding the coin through the second exit path exits the container and to the cash box removal apparatus.
32.一种钱币分配装置,包括第一料斗装置,具有:第一可选择地驱动的环形传送带,它的路径包括第一钱币接收部分;和第一钱币存储器,用于将待分配的第一批钱币顺序进给至所述第一钱币接收部分中,该第一传送带在其上具有多个容器,当第一传送带经过第一钱币接收部分中的第一批钱币并将其输送至第一出口点时,每一个容器在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币;其中钱币分配装置包括:分拣装置,可操作用于接收钱币并将该钱币选择性地引向第一钱币存储器,并且其中所述分拣装置还可操作用于将钱币引向与第二料斗装置相连的第二钱币存储器。 32. A coin dispensing apparatus comprises a first hopper means having: a first endless belt selectively driven, which path comprises a first coin receiving portion; and a first coin memory to be allocated for a first Coin batch sequentially fed to the first coin receiving portion, the first conveyor having a plurality of containers thereon, the first conveyor when the coin passes a first receiving portion of the first coin and conveyed to the first when the exit point, each container is adapted, in use, carries coins to be dispensed; wherein the coin dispensing apparatus comprising: a sorting means operable to receive coins and the coin is selectively directed to a first coin storage, and wherein said second coin sorting apparatus is further operable for connecting the memory with the coins directed to the second hopper means.
33.根据权利要求32所述的装置,还包括:第二料斗装置,该第二料斗装置具有:可选择地驱动的第二环形传送带,它的路径包括第二钱币接收部分;和第二钱币存储器,用于将待分配的第二批钱币顺序进给至所述第二钱币接收部分中,该第二传送带在其上具有多个容器,当第二传送带经过第二钱币接收部分中的第二批钱币并将其输送至第二出口点时,每一个容器在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币。 33. The apparatus according to claim 32, further comprising: a second hopper means, the second hopper means having: a second selectively driven endless conveyor path which includes a second coin receiving portion; and a second money a memory for the second batch of coins to be dispensed sequentially fed to the second coin receiving portion, the second conveyor having a plurality of containers thereon, the second conveyor when the first through the coin receiving portion of the second when the second groups of coins and sending it to a second exit point, each container adapted to carry a coin to be dispensed in use.
34.根据权利要求33所述的装置,还包括钱币接受器。 34. The apparatus according to claim 33, further comprising coin receptacle.
35.一种钱币分配装置,包括:第一可选择地驱动的环形传送带,它的路径包括第一钱币接收部分;和第一钱币存储器,用于将待分配的第一批钱币顺序进给至所述第一钱币接收部分中,该第一传送带在其上具有多个容器,当第一传送带经过第一钱币接收部分中的第一批钱币并将其输送至第一出口点时,每一个容器在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币;可选择地驱动的第二环形传送带,它的路径包括第二钱币接收部分;和第二钱币存储器,用于将待分配的第二批钱币顺序进给至所述第二钱币接收部分中,该第二传送带在其上具有多个容器,当第二传送带经过第二钱币接收部分中的第二批钱币并将其输送至第二出口点时,每一个容器在使用中适于携带待分配的钱币。 35. A coin dispensing apparatus, comprising: a first selectively driven endless conveyor belt, which comprises a first path money receiving portion; and a first memory coins, coins of the first order for the feed to be dispensed the first coin receiving portion, the first conveyor having a plurality of containers thereon, the first conveyor when the coin passes a first receiving portion of the first coin outlet and conveyed to the first point, each of in use, the container is adapted to carry the coins to be dispensed; the second endless belt selectively driven, which path comprises a second coin receiving portion; and a second memory coins, for a second batch of coins to be dispensed sequentially into the a coin receiving portion to the second, the second conveyor having a plurality of containers thereon, when the second conveyor belt through a second receiving portion of the second batch of money and sending it to a second coin outlet point, each container adapted to carry a coin to be dispensed in use.
36.根据权利要求35所述的装置,还包括钱币接受器。 36. The apparatus according to claim 35, further comprising coin receptacle.
37.根据权利要求36所述的装置,其中接受器包括:信号源,用于产生作为钱币感应特征的函数的钱币参数信号;和第一处理装置可操作用于判定参数信号采用第一预定值关系在何时发生,并且与此响应,以相应于钱币的可接受性提供第一输出信号。 37. The apparatus according to claim 36, wherein the receptacle comprising: a signal source for generating a coin parameter signal as a function of coin sensing feature; and processing means operable for determining a first parameter signal with a first predetermined value relationship when it occurred, and in response to this, the acceptability provides a first output signal corresponding to the coins.
38.根据权利要求37所述的装置,其中接受器是权利要求52或53中的接受器。 38. The apparatus according to claim 37, wherein the receptacle is a receptacle 53 or claim 52.
39.根据权利要求37或38所述的装置,还包括钱币接收路径、钱币返回路径和接受门,其中该接受门可操作用于根据钱币的可接受性将钱币从接受器处引向所述钱币返回路径和钱币接受路径之一。 39. The apparatus of claim 37 or claim 38, further comprising a receive path coins, coin return path and the acceptance gate, wherein the gate is operable for receiving said coins towards the receptacle according to the acceptability of the coins coins and coin return path takes one path.
40.根据权利要求39所述的装置,其中接受门可响应第一输出信号而操作。 40. The apparatus according to claim 39, wherein the door can operate in response to receiving the first output signal.
41.根据权利要求39或40所述的装置,其中钱币返回路径通向钱币返回托盘。 41. The apparatus of claim 39 or claim 40, wherein the return path to the coin return coin tray.
42.根据权利要求36-41中任一项所述的装置,还包括分拣装置,可操作用于接收由钱币接受器所接受的钱币并将该接受的钱币选择性地引向钱币存储器。 42. A device according to any of claims 36-41, further comprising sorting means operable to receive from the coin acceptor and coin accepted the coin accepted coins selectively directed to the memory.
43.根据权利要求42所述的装置,其中分拣装置还可操作用于将钱币引向钱箱。 43. The apparatus according to claim 42, wherein the means is further operable for sorting coins directed to the cash box.
44.根据权利要求42或43所述的装置,还包括第二处理装置,可操作用于提供第二输出信号,并且其中分拣装置可操作用于响应第二输出信号而引导钱币。 44. The apparatus of claim 42 or claim 43, further comprising a second processing means operable to provide a second output signal, and wherein the sorting means is operable in response to an output signal of a second coin is guided.
45.根据权利要求44所述的装置,其中第二输出信号取决于钱币存储器中的钱币数量。 45. The apparatus according to claim 44, wherein the second output signal depends on the number of coins in the coin storage.
46.根据权利要求44或45所述的装置,其中第二输出信号取决于第二钱币存储器中的钱币数量。 46. ​​The apparatus of claim 44 or claim 45, wherein the second output signal depending on the number of coins, the second coin memory.
47.根据权利要求44-46中任一项所述的装置,其中第二输出信号取决于钱币的面额。 47. The apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 44-46, wherein the second output signal dependent on the denomination of the coin.
48.根据权利要求42-47中任一项所述的装置,其中分拣装置还可操作用于将钱币选择性地引向第二钱币存储器。 48. The device according to any of claims 42-47, wherein the means is further operable for sorting coins coins selectively directed to a second memory.
49.根据权利要求35-48中任一项所述的装置,还包括排出装置,可操作用于提供将钱币从容器中经由出口点排出的力。 49. A device according to any of claims 35-48, further comprising discharge means, operable to provide a force to coins discharged through the exit point from the container.
50.根据权利要求49所述的装置,还包括与所述排出装置相连的出口感应装置,所述出口感应装置可操作用于检测从容器之一移动通过出口点的钱币。 50. The apparatus according to claim 49, further comprising sensing means associated with the outlet means of said discharge outlet of said coin sensing means operable to detect movement from one container through the outlet point.
51.根据权利要求35-50中任一项所述的装置,还包括可操作用于引导钱币经由第一出口路径离开容器并到达钱币返回托盘的装置,和可操作用于引导钱币经由第二出口路径离开容器并到达钱箱的清除装置。 51. The apparatus as claimed in any one of 35-50, further including the claims operable for directing coins away from the vessel via a first outlet path and reaches the coin tray return means, and operative for guiding the coin through the second exit path exits the container and to the cash box removal apparatus.
52.一种钱币接受器,包括:钱币下降路径;感应装置,用于感应钱币并且用于提供至少一个感应输出信号;电机装置,用于执行下降路径的清除程序;和处理装置,可操作用于判定感应输出信号何时采用预定值关系,并且与此响应,以提供第一处理器输出信号以起动清除程序。 52. A coin acceptor, comprising: a coin descending path; sensing means for sensing coins and for providing at least a sensed output signal; motor means performs cleanup procedures for descending path; and processing means is operable to determine when the sensed output signal takes a predetermined value relationship, and in response to this, to provide a processor output signal to start a first scavenger.
53.根据权利要求52所述的钱币接受器,其中感应装置包括:第一传感器,用于检测沿下降路径处于第一位置的钱币并提供第一输出信号;和第二传感器,用于检测沿下降路径处于第二位置的钱币并提供第二输出信号;其中处理装置判定第一和第二输出信号何时采用预定值关系,并且与此响应,提供一控制信号以起动清除程序。 53. The coin acceptor according to claim 52, wherein the sensing means comprises: a first sensor for detecting coins along a descending path in a first position and providing a first output signal; and a second sensor for detecting direction decrease in the coin path and a second position providing a second output signal; wherein when the processing means determines a first and second output signals using a predetermined value relationship, and in response to this, providing a control signal to start the purge process.
54.一种在钱币分配装置中使用的钱币传送带,其中所述传送带基本上形成为一体模制件。 54. A belt for use in a coin coin dispensing device, wherein the conveyor belt is formed as a substantially integral molding.
55.根据权利要求54所述的传送带,还包括多个通过多个可弯曲部分相互连接的刚性部分。 55. The belt according to claim 54, further comprising a plurality of rigid portions interconnected by a plurality of bendable portions.
56.一种钱币分配装置,包括根据权利要求54或55所述的传送带。 56. A coin dispensing apparatus comprising a conveyor belt of claim 54 or claim 55.
57.一种清除钱币操作机器的钱币分配装置中的钱币的方法,该方法包括:将来自与分配装置相连的钱币源的钱币进给至容器中;将容器中的钱币移动至与分配装置的出口相连的位置处;和经由出口将钱币排出至容纳在该机器内的钱箱中。 57. A method of clearing coin coin coin dispensing apparatus in the operation of the machine, the method comprising: a coin from the coin dispensing device is connected to the source feeding into a container; moving the coins in the container to the dispensing device at a position connected to the outlet; and is discharged via the outlet to the coin receiving cash box in the machine.
58.一种用于钱币操作机器的钱币分配装置,该装置包括:钱币源;钱币容器;用于将来自钱币源的钱币进给至容器中的装置;用于将容器中的钱币移动至与出口相连的位置处的电机装置;用于将来自容器中的钱币通过出口并经由第一路径排出至钱币返回托盘以便用户取走的装置;和用于将来自容器中的钱币通过出口并经由第二路径排出至钱箱中的装置。 58. A coin dispensing apparatus for a coin to operate the machine, the apparatus comprising: a coin source; Coin container; means to the container will coins from the coin feeding source; means for moving the coins to the container motor means connected to an outlet at a location; container for coins and discharged from the coin via the first path to return to the tray so that the device user is removed through the outlet; and a container for the coins from the first through the outlet via two discharge path to the device in the cashbox.
59.一种用于充填钱币分配装置的充填装置,该装置包括:钱币源;钱币容器;用于将来自钱币源的钱币进给至容器中的装置;钱币出口;用于将容器的钱币移动至与出口相连的位置处的电机装置;和用于将来自容器中的钱币通过出口排出的排出装置;其中充填装置适于允许连续的钱币路径形成在钱币分配装置的出口和钱币入口之间。 59. A filling device for filling the coin dispensing apparatus, the apparatus comprising: a coin source; a coin containers; for the coins from the coin feeding means to the source container; coin outlet; means for moving the container coins to the motor means at a position connected to the outlet; coin discharge means container through the outlet and means for discharging from the; wherein the filling means is adapted to allow a continuous path is formed between the coin dispensing apparatus coin inlet and coin outlet.
60.根据权利要求59所述的装置,还包括用于将充填装置定位在与分配装置相连的适当位置的装置,以允许连续的钱币路径形成在钱币分配装置的出口和钱币入口之间。 60. The apparatus according to claim 59, further comprising a positioning means for filling apparatus in place connected to the dispensing device, to allow a continuous path is formed between the coin and the coin outlet of the coin dispensing device inlet.
61.根据权利要求59或60所述的装置,还包括用于电连接充填装置和钱币分配装置的装置。 61. The apparatus of claim 59 or claim 60, further comprising means electrically connecting the filling means and means for dispensing coins.
62.根据权利要求59、60和61中任一项所述的装置,还包括用于对从所述充填装置排出的钱币进行计数的装置。 59, 60 and 62. The device according to any one of claims 61, further comprising means for counting the coins discharged from said filling means.
63.根据权利要求62所述的装置,其中充填装置根据所述计数装置的输出向钱币分配装置提供信号。 63. The apparatus according to claim 62, wherein the filling device provides a signal to the coin dispensing apparatus in accordance with an output of said counting means.
64.根据权利要求59-63中任一项所述的装置,还包括一把手。 64. The apparatus of any one of claims 59-63, further comprising a handle.
65.一种充填钱币分配装置的方法,该方法包括:将钱币分配装置的充填装置定位在与钱币分配装置相连的适当位置,以使得连续的钱币路径形成在充填装置的钱币出口和钱币分配装置的钱币入口之间;和致动充填装置以便再充填钱币分配装置。 65. A method of filling coin dispensing apparatus, the method comprising: filling means coin dispensing apparatus is positioned in place connected to the coin dispensing means, so that a continuous path is formed in the coin outlet coin and coin dispensing apparatus filling apparatus between the coin inlet; and a filling device for actuating a refill coin dispensing apparatus.
66.根据权利要求65所述的方法,其中钱币分配装置的充填装置是权利要求59-64中任一项所述的装置。 66. The method according to claim 65, wherein the coin dispensing device of the filling device is a device according to any one of claims 59-64.
67.一种钱币分配装置,包括用于将充填装置与所述分配装置定位在一起的装置,以允许连续的钱币路径形成在所述充填装置的钱币出口和钱币分配装置的钱币入口之间。 67. A coin dispensing apparatus, comprising means for filling the apparatus with the dispensing apparatus positioned together to allow a continuous path is formed between the coin coin coin inlet and the outlet of the coin dispensing apparatus of a filling apparatus.
68.根据权利要求67所述的装置,其中充填装置是权利要求59-64中任一项所述的装置。 68. The apparatus according to claim 67, wherein the filling device is a device as claimed in any one of claims 59-64.
69.一种钱币分配装置,包括用于将该装置电连接至充填装置的装置。 69. A coin dispensing apparatus comprising a means for electrically connecting the apparatus to the filling apparatus.
70.根据权利要求69所述的装置,其中充填装置是权利要求59-64中任一项所述的装置。 70. The apparatus according to claim 69, wherein the filling device is a device as claimed in any one of claims 59-64.
CN 200580022805 2004-07-07 2005-07-06 Money item dispensing apparatus CN1981308A (en)

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US20120261230A1 (en) 2012-10-18
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JP2008506172A (en) 2008-02-28
ES2629059T3 (en) 2017-08-07
ES2618847T3 (en) 2017-06-22
WO2006003212A3 (en) 2006-06-22
EP1805728A2 (en) 2007-07-11
EP1805728B1 (en) 2017-05-24
AU2005259166A1 (en) 2006-01-12
EP2141665A1 (en) 2010-01-06
US20090008215A1 (en) 2009-01-08
WO2006003212A2 (en) 2006-01-12
EP2141665B1 (en) 2016-12-28
US20120261434A1 (en) 2012-10-18
US8844704B2 (en) 2014-09-30
US8181765B2 (en) 2012-05-22

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