CN1900947A - Intelligent goods shelf system and its realizing method - Google Patents

Intelligent goods shelf system and its realizing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1900947A
CN1900947A CN 200610061936 CN200610061936A CN1900947A CN 1900947 A CN1900947 A CN 1900947A CN 200610061936 CN200610061936 CN 200610061936 CN 200610061936 A CN200610061936 A CN 200610061936A CN 1900947 A CN1900947 A CN 1900947A
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information
radio frequency
display unit
frequency identification
product
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CN 200610061936
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Chinese (zh)
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柳建龙
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深圳普诺玛商业安全设备有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of intelligent shelf system and its implementation method. The intelligent shelf system includes shelves, RF recognition electronic labels on the commodities and with relevant commodity information, RF recognizing reader-writer, inducing antenna, information display unit and main control computer. The implementation method of the intelligent shelf system includes the following steps: setting RF recognizing reader-writer, inducing antenna and information display unit on the shelf, connecting the inducing antenna and the information display unit to the main control computer, setting RF recognition electronic labels on the commodities; reading out the commodity information with the RF recognizing reader-writer and the inducing antenna; and showing the commodity information in the information display unit.

Description

一种智能货架系统及其实现方法 An intelligent shelf system and its implementation

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及射频自动识别技术领域,尤其是一种能自动识别并显示商品信息的智能货架系统及其实现该智能货架系统的方法。 The present invention relates to radio frequency automatic identification technology, particularly to a can automatically identify and display the intelligent shelf system and a method of the commodity information intelligent shelf system is achieved.

背景技术 Background technique

货架在物流仓储管理领域和商品销售领域都有着极其重要的作用,在物流仓储管理领域,货架的作用通常是用来陈列物品。 Shelf in the logistics field of warehouse management and commodity sales areas have a very important role in the field of warehousing and logistics management, the role of the shelf is usually used to display items. 在仓储管理中,对货架上物品的管理是很重要的,一般来说,对仓储的物品管理人员需要时刻掌握存储在货架上的物品的信息,现有技术中虽然也出现了利用计算机系统来管理,出现了计算机仓储管理系统,但是用这些软件来实现对仓储中货架中的物品进行管理仍然需要大量的人工操作才能完成,而且无法实时掌握货架上的具体到某一件商品的信息。 In warehouse management, management of goods on the shelf is very important, in general, for storage of goods managers need time to master the information items stored on the shelf, in the prior art, although there have been using computer systems management, warehouse management computer system appeared, but use the software to achieve the storage shelf items in the management still needs a lot of manual operations to complete, and can not understand the specific information on the shelf to a piece of merchandise in real time.

在商品销售中,货架一般用来陈列商品,方便消费者选购商品,对货架上商品的标价,传统的方式是采用价格标签,将价格标签与商品一一对应,这样,一旦其中的商品的物理位置发生变化,价格标签所标识的商品信息就不准确,商品所对应的价格标签也不准确,给消费者正确选购商品带来诸多不便。 In the sale of goods, typically used to display merchandise shelf, convenient for consumers to purchase goods, the price of the goods on the shelf, the traditional way is to use the price label, the price tag correspondence with commodity, so that once the product wherein physical location changes, commodity price tag identified information is not accurate, the corresponding commodity price tag is not accurate, giving consumers the right to purchase goods inconvenience. 而且,一旦某商品的定价发生变动时,通常做法是通过商场职员采用人工的方式变更价格标签。 Moreover, once the price of a commodity fluctuates, the usual practice is to change the price tag artificial way through the mall staff. 这样的方法虽然应用普遍,但存在着管理麻烦、也浪费材料。 This method, although widespread application, but there are management problems, but also a waste material. 现有技术中虽然出现了电子标签对商品进行标价,但是现有的方式也存在着缺点,例如当某种商品的价格出现变化的时候,管理人员需要对每个商品上的电子标签的信息进行更改,需要采用便携式设备读取对应电子式价格标签位置摆放商品的条形码和电子价格标签上的条形码位置编码,然后再操作便携式设备通过计算机通讯网络或直接变更电子价格标签的价格信息,无法实现对商品价格的更改进行批处理操作。 Although there have been prior art electronic tag price of commodities, but the existing way there are also disadvantages, such as the price of a commodity when there is a change, managers need to tag information on each item change, we need a portable electronic device to read the corresponding position of the barcode price tag encoding position on the bar code label and electronic price display merchandise, and then operating a portable electronic device directly change the price tags of price information through a computer network or communications, can not be achieved changes in commodity prices batch operations.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明提供一种能自动识别并显示商品信息的智能货架系统及其实现该智能货架系统的方法,以针对性地解决现有技术中存在的对货架中货物或商品标价和管理不便等问题。 The present invention provides a method to automatically identify and display the intelligent shelf system, and the merchandise information of the intelligent shelf system implemented method, targeted to solve the prior art shelf of goods and price of goods or inconvenience management issues.

解决本发明技术问题所采用的技术方案是:一种能自动识别并显示商品信息的智能货架系统,该智能货架系统包括货架,还包括射频识别电子标签、射频识别读写器、感应天线、信息显示单元和主控计算机,所述的射频识别读写器、感应天线和信息显示单元安装于货架上,所述射频识别电子标签设置于陈列在货架内的商品上,并存储与该商品有关的商品信息,所述感应天线和信息显示单元分别与射频识别读写器连接,射频识别读写器与主控计算机连接,射频识别读写器、感应天线读取该射频识别电子标签内的商品信息,并由信息显示单元将该商品信息显示出来。 Solution to Problem solutions employed in the present invention is: A can automatically identify and display the merchandise information intelligent shelf system, the shelf includes a intelligent shelf system further comprises a radio frequency identification tag, RFID reader, antenna sensing, information the display unit and the host computer, the RFID reader, an inductive antenna and the information display unit is mounted on the shelf, the RFID tag disposed in the display of goods in the shelves, and stores information about the product product information, and the sensing antenna are connected to the information display unit RFID reader, RFID reader connected with the host computer, a radio frequency identification reader, inductive antenna reading commodity information in the radio frequency identification tag by the commodity information display unit displays information.

所述的货架内设有隔板,且每一层的隔板上均设置有射频识别读写器和信息显示单元,所述的感应天线设置于隔板中。 The shelf equipped with a separator, the separator and each layer is provided with a radio frequency identification reader and an information display unit, said inductive antenna disposed in the separator.

所述货架上的射频识别读写器通过网络适配器连接在一起,网络适配器通过以有线或无线方式与主控计算机相连。 RFID reader on the shelf are connected together through a network adapter, the network adapter is connected via a wired or wireless manner with the host computer.

在所述的主控计算机与网络适配器之间还设置有中间件软件服务器以提高智能货架系统的应用能力和扩展能力。 Between the network adapter and the host computer is also provided with a middleware application servers to improve capacity and scalability intelligent shelf system.

所述的信息显示单元包括微处理器控制模块、显示器件、显示驱动模块、电源和通信接口模块、键盘及LED显示模块,所述显示器件通过显示驱动模块与微处理器控制模块连接,电源和通信接口模块、键盘及LED显示模块分别与微处理器控制模块连接,或者所述的信息显示单元和射频识别读写器合并在一起,即所述的信息显示单元中还包括有一射频识别接收/发射模块,用于读/写射频识别标签,所述的射频识别接收/发射模块与信息显示单元的微处理器控制模块连接。 The information display unit includes a microprocessor control module, a display device, the display driving module, a power module and a communication interface, keypad and LED display module, said display device via the display driving module and a microprocessor control module, power supply, and the communication interface module, a keyboard and a LED display module is connected to the microprocessor control module, or the information display unit and a combined RFID reader, i.e. the information display unit further comprises a radio frequency identification receiver / transmitting means for read / write radio frequency identification tag, the RFID receiver / transmitter module information display module control unit connected to the microprocessor.

一种实现所述的智能货架系统的方法,包括以下步骤:在货架上设置射频识别读写器、感应天线和信息显示单元,感应天线和信息显示单元通过射频识别读写器与主控计算机相连;在陈列于货架隔板上的商品上设置射频识别电子标签;射频识别读写器和感应天线读取设置于商品上的射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息或者商品信息的产品电子识别编码;所述的商品信息由信息显示单元显示出来。 A method for implementing the intelligent shelf system, comprising the steps of: providing a radio frequency identification reader on the shelf, inductive antenna and an information display unit, and an information display unit inductive antenna is connected via a radio frequency identification reader with the host computer ; radio frequency identification tag provided on the display of goods on the shelves of the separator; RFID reader antenna and a reading sensor disposed within the radio frequency identification tag on the product identification code preset electronic product information or product information commodity ; the commodity information displayed by the information display unit.

所述信息显示单元显示商品信息通过射频识别读写器读取射频识别电子标签内预设的商品的产品电子识别编码,再从主控计算机中的数据管理系统中获取该商品标号所对应的商品信息,从信息显示单元信息显示单元出来。 The commodity information display unit displays information read electronic product identification codes preset in the electronic RFID tag of radio frequency identification reader, and then obtain the corresponding product label items from the host computer data management system information, the information display unit from the display unit information out.

陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是同一品种的商品,且该同一品种的商品中至少有1件商品设置有射频识别电子标签,或者陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是多种不同品种的商品,且每个商品上都设置有射频识别电子标签。 Display on the shelves of the same layer as the separator is the same species commodity goods, and the goods in the same species, at least one product provided with a radio frequency identification tag, or the goods displayed on the shelves with the spacer layer is different from a variety of variety of goods, and are disposed on each product with a radio frequency identification tag.

射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息通过主控计算机的数据管理系统下发,由射频识别读写器写入射频识别电子标签。 Preset radio frequency identification tag of the information delivered by the electronic data management system via the host computer, written by the RFID reader RFID tag.

有商品信息需要修改时,管理人员通过主控计算机的数据管理系统下发修改命令和数据,由射频识别读写器写入射频识别电子标签,完成对射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息的修改,或者通过修改射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息的产品电子识别编码与主控计算机中数据管理系统中的商品信息的对应关系,完成对射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息的修改。 When there is need to modify the item information, and management data modification commands issued by the host computer data management system, written by the RFID reader RFID tag, for complete RFID tag within a predetermined commodity information modification, or by modifying the preset radio frequency identification tag commodity information corresponding relation merchandise information electronic product identification code with the host computer in the data management system, modifications to the completion of a predetermined radio frequency identification tag article information .

当陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是多种不同品种的商品时,信息显示单元将轮流显示或分页显示该多种商品的信息。 When the display shelf in the same layer as the separator is a plurality of different species of merchandise goods, the information display unit to display information or paging cycle through the plurality of merchandise.

当陈列于货架上的某种商品即将过期或者已经过期时,主控计算机通过信息显示单元发出警报信息。 When a commodity on display in the shelf is about to expire or has expired, the host computer via the information display unit alert message.

射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息包括该类商品的销售价格、会员价格、规格型号、产地、等级、保质期、核价员或者其中之任意组合,所述信息显示单元显示的商品信息为射频识别读写器中预设的商品信息中的全部或者其中的部分之任意组合。 Within a predetermined RFID tag information including sales price of such merchandise items, member price, specifications, origin, grade, shelf life, pricing, or any combination of which member, the commodity information display unit displays information to radio frequency any combination of RFID reader preset commodity information of all or parts.

本发明所产生的有益效果是:通过RFID电子标签技术、通讯技术、计算机技术的应用,解决了货架成列物品与其对应的标签信息完全对应和自动标识和快速更新的问题。 Advantageous effects of the present invention is produced: by RFID technology, communication technology, electronic tag application of computer technology to solve the problem of shelf label information item in a column corresponding thereto and fully automatically identified and corresponds to the fast update. 尤其适用于商场商品在货架上的成列和其价格标签的准确标识,医院、工厂、分销中心等物品仓库管理中的物品存放和其信息的自动而准确标识等。 Especially for shopping malls commodity columns on the shelf and its price tag of accurate identification, hospitals, factories, distribution centers and other items items stored in the warehouse management and automatic and accurate identification of its information and so on.

本发明除了具有在商场货架的商品成列和其价格标签在位置和价格等信息准确对应功能之外,还具有一旦商场需要调整某类或者某个商品的销售价格时,可以通过智能货架快速定位调价商品和其对应的价格标签,并通过系统向射频识别读写器下载调整信息,射频识别读写器控制价格标签显示器显示新的信息。 The present invention in addition to the store shelves of goods in a column and its position outside the price tag and price information corresponding to the accurate function, also has a need to adjust the sales price upon certain mall or an item can be quickly positioned by smart shelf and its corresponding price commodity price tag, and download the information to adjust the RFID reader through the system, a radio frequency identification tag reader to control the display to display the new price information.

本发明还能有效地解决食品生产、加工和零售行业中食品存放与剩余保质期的自动标示和声、光报警提示,避免使用或销售过期食品,确保食品安全的问题。 The present invention can effectively solve food production, processing and retail industry, food storage and shelf life of the remaining automatic labeling and sound, light alarm, to avoid the use or sale of expired food, ensure food safety.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明的能自动识别并显示商品信息的智能货架结构示意图;图2为本发明的射频识别读写器、感应天线和信息显示单元三者之间的连接关系示意图;图3为本发明的射频识别读写器之间的连接关系示意图;图4为本发明的射频识别读写器与主控计算机之间的连接关系示意图;图5为本发明的射频识别读写器与主控计算机之间的另一连接关系示意图;图6为本发明的信息显示单元的组成原理框图;图7为本发明的信息显示单元另一组成原理框图;图8为本发明的信息显示单元之LCD显示屏界面图;图9为本发明的信息显示单元之带按键的LCD显示屏界面图;图10为本发明的能自动识别并显示商品信息的智能货架系统的结构示意图。 Figure 1 of the present invention can automatically identify and smart shelves schematic configuration of the display product information; RFID reader of the present invention, FIG. 2, a schematic view of the connection between the antenna unit and the three sensing information display; FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection between the RFID reader invention; schematic view of the connection between the RFID reader and a host computer 4 of the present invention; FIG RFID reader 5 of the present invention with the master schematic diagram of another connection relationship between computers; schematic block diagram of the information display unit composition of the present invention in FIG. 6; FIG. 7 of the present invention, the information display unit of another component block diagram; FIG. 8 of the present invention, the information display of the LCD unit FIG display interface; the LCD monitor interface unit of FIG with key information of the present invention is shown in FIG. 9; FIG. 10 of the present invention can automatically recognize the intelligent shelf system and a schematic structure of a display product information.

具体实施方式 detailed description

以下结合附图对本发明实施例作进一步的详细描述。 Conjunction with the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail.

本发明是一种基于射频识别(RFID)技术的能自动识别商品信息的智能货架系统及其实现该智能货架系统的方法。 The present invention is that the intelligent shelf system implemented method of automatically identifying commodity information intelligent shelf system radio frequency identification (RFID) technology and is based. 请参阅图1、图2和图10,该智能货架系统由一货架1、射频识别电子标签2、射频识别读写器3、感应天线4、信息显示单元5、网络适配器6、中间件软件服务器7和主控计算机8等部分所组成。 Please refer to FIG. 1, FIG. 2 and FIG. 10, the intelligent shelf system of a shelf 1, two radio frequency identification tag, RFID reader 3, an inductive antenna 4, the information display unit 5, the network adapter 6, the server middleware software 7 and 8 and other parts of the host computer components. 所述的射频识别读写器3、感应天线4和信息显示单元5安装于货架上,且货架每一层的隔板上均设置有射频识别读写器3和信息显示单元5,所述的感应天线4设置于隔板中。 The RFID reader 3, 4 and inductive antenna information display unit 5 is mounted on the shelf, and the shelf on each layer of the separator is provided with a radio frequency identification reader 3 and information display unit 5, according to inductive antenna 4 disposed in the separator. 所述射频识别电子标签2设置于陈列于货架内的商品上并存储与该商品有关的商品信息,射频识别读写器3、感应天线4和信息显示单元5通过网络适配器6与主控计算机8连接,射频识别读写器3、感应天线4可读取该射频识别电子标签2内的商品信息,并由信息显示单元5将该商品信息显示出来。 The RFID tag 2 is disposed on the commodity display shelf and stored in the commodity in the related information, RFID reader 3, 4 and inductive antenna information display unit 5 through a network adapter 6 with the host computer 8 connection, RFID reader 3, an inductive antenna 4 can read commodity information in the RFID tag 2, by the information display unit 5 displays the product information.

所述的货架1由隔板分成多格,通过货架隔板的金属化屏蔽设计或射频空间间隔设计等方法,确保每一层或每一格内的感应天线4只能感应和接收本层或本格内的射频识别电子标签2的信号。 The shelf 1 by partitions into a plurality of cells, design or the like RF spatial separation design of the shelf by a metal shield separator, to ensure that each layer within the inductive antenna or each cell 4 can sense this and the receiving layer or a radio frequency identification tag signal 2 present within the grid. 当附着有射频识别电子标签2的商品放置在货架1的隔板上时,安装在隔板上的射频识别读写器3和感应天线4就能检测并读取射频识别电子标签2中的商品电子识别编码和射频识别电子标签2内的有关商品属性信息资料,并通过射频识别读写器3直接驱动与之相连的信息显示单元5显示射频识别读写器3所读取的各种信息并发出各种警告提示;或者,由射频识别读写器3将获取的产品电子识别编码通过计算机网络适配器6及通讯网络发送到与系统相配套的中间件软件服务器7和主控计算机8,通过应用软件和主控计算机8的数据检索后,将该商品识别编码所对应的相关信息,如销售价格、会员价格、规格型号、产地、等级、保质期、核价员等通过与系统相配套的中间件软件服务器7、计算机网络适配器6及通讯网络送回给射频识别读写器3,射频识别读写器3再驱动与之 When radio frequency identification tag attached to merchandise 2 is placed on the shelf 1 of the separator, the separator is mounted on the RFID reader 3 and the inductive antenna 4 can be detected and read an electronic radio frequency identification tag 2 commodities electronic identification code and the RFID tag information in the attribute information of the commodity 2, and information by RFID reader 3 connected thereto directly drives the display unit 5 displays various information RFID reader 3 reads and various warning emitted; Alternatively, RFID reader 3 from the acquired electronic product identification code is sent to the system supporting the middleware server 7 and the host computer 8 via a computer communication network and a network adapter 6, by applying after the host computer software and data retrieval 8, the information corresponding to the commodity identification code, such as sales price, member price, specifications, origin, grade, shelf life, pricing and other members of the system by supporting middleware 7 server software, computer and communications networks the network adapter 6 back to the RFID reader 3, RFID reader drive 3 and then with 连的信息显示单元5显示所接收到的各种信息并发出各种警告提示,如销售价格、会员价格、规格型号、产地、等级、核价员等信息。 Even information display unit 5 to display a variety of information received and to make all kinds of warning, such as sales price, member price information, specifications, origin, grade, and other members of the nuclear price. 如果陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是同一品种的商品,且该同一品种的商品中至少有1件商品设置有射频识别电子标签,如果陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是多种不同品种的商品时,信息显示单元将轮流显示或分页显示该多种商品的信息。 If the display in the same layer on the shelf separator commodity goods are the same species, the same variety of goods and at least one product provided with a radio frequency identification tag, if the goods on the shelf display in the same layer of the separator is more different varieties of goods, in turn displays the information display unit displays information of the plurality of tabs or product.

图2为本发明的射频识别读写器、感应天线和信息显示单元之间的连接关系示意图,货架系统中的射频识别读写器3与货架对应格的感应天线4直接连接,来读取货架对应格内物品所附带的射频识别电子标签2内的数据信息;射频识别读写器3通过RS232、RS485或者RS422等通讯口与信息显示单元5相连接并显示有关数据信息,在本发明实施例中,信息显示单元5采用的是LCD显示屏。 RFID reader 2 of the present invention, an information display and inductive antenna 4 is directly connected to the connection relationship between cells schematic shelf system RFID reader 3 and the sensing cell corresponding to the antenna shelf, shelf reading data in the radio frequency identification tag within a corresponding cell that is included in the article 2; RFID reader 3 is connected to the data and display information about the RS232, RS485 or RS422 communication port to the other information display unit 5, in the embodiment of the present invention, , the information display unit 5 is used in the LCD display.

图3为本发明的射频识别读写器之间的连接关系示意图,射频识别读写器3通过通讯口与网络适配器6相连,射频识别读写器3与计算机数据管理系统可进行数据交换,一台网络适配器6可以连接多台射频识别读写器3,网络适配器通过TCP/IP通讯协议以有线或无线连接方式与计算机数据管理系统连接,也可以通过互联网与主控计算机8数据管理系统连接,主控计算机8与网络适配器6之间还可以设置有中间件软件服务器7以提高智能货架系统的应用能力和扩展能力。 3 a schematic view of the connection between the RFID reader of the present invention, and FIG RFID reader through the communication port 3 is connected with the network adapter 6, RFID reader 3 and computer data management system for data exchange, a stage 6 can be connected to the network adapter multiple RFID reader 3, a wired or wireless network adapter connected with the computer data management system is connected via TCP / IP communications protocol, may be connected with the host computer 8 via the Internet data management system, 8 and host computer network adapters can also be set between 6 and 7 have the middleware server software applications to improve the capacity and scalability of intelligent shelf system.

图4为本发明的射频识别读写器与主控计算机之间的连接关系示意图,射频识别读写器3可以通过有线或者无线传输的以太网络9与相配套的中间软件7通讯,将在主控计算机8数据库中存储的该物品的有关属性资料信息在信息显示单元5上显示出来,同时射频识别电子标签2内预设的商品信息也可以通过主控计算机8的数据管理系统下发,由射频识别读写器3写入射频识别电子标签2。 The connection between the RFID reader and the host computer schematic, RFID reader 4 of the present invention FIG 3 may correspond with 9 supporting the intermediate software Ethernet 7 via a wired or wireless transmission, the main For information on the properties of the item stored in the database control computer 8 is displayed on the display unit 5 out of the information, while radio-frequency identification tag 2 within a predetermined commodity information to be sent by the host computer data management system 8 by the RFID reader RFID tag 3 writes 2.

图5为本发明的射频识别读写器与主控计算机之间的另一连接关系示意图,射频识别读写器3通过通讯口与网络适配器6相连,再通过有线或者无线传输的以太网络9,以及相配套的中间件软件服务器与包括有计算机数据管理系统的主控计算机8进行数据交换。 Another connection relationship between the RFID reader and the host computer schematic RFID reader in FIG. 5 of the present invention through the communication port 3 is connected with the network adapter 6, and then through a wired or wireless Ethernet transmission 9, and supporting middleware software, including computer servers and data management system of the host computer 8 for data exchange. 主控计算机的数据管理系统包括连接射频识别读写器和处理由射频识别读写器送来的数据的设备管理系统、射频识别电子标签数据库管理系统和具体项目应用管理系统。 The host computer comprises a data management system connected to a radio frequency identification reader and processed sent from RFID reader device management system data, a radio frequency identification tag database management systems and application management system specific project.

图6为本发明的信息显示单元5的组成原理框图,信息显示单元由微处理器控制模块50、显示驱动模块51、显示器件52、键盘及LED显示模块53、电源和通信接口模块54组成;所述的显示器件52为彩色或单色液晶显示屏(LCD)、或者发光二极管指示灯(LED)、或者是由按键及部分文字标识组成,所述显示器件52通过显示驱动模块51与微处理器控制模块50连接,电源和通信接口模块54、键盘及LED显示模块53分别与微处理器控制模块50连接。 Information FIG. 6 shows the composition of the present invention is a functional block diagram of unit 5, information display unit controlled by a microprocessor module 50, a display driving module 51, a display device 52, keyboard 53 and LED display module, and a communication interface 54 which constitutes the power module; the display device 52 is a color or monochrome liquid crystal display (LCD), light emitting diodes or LEDs (the LED), or a part of the text by the key and identification composition, the display device 52 through the display driving module 51 and the microprocessor control module 50 is connected, the power supply module and a communication interface 54, a keyboard and a LED display module 53 are connected to the microprocessor control module 50.

图7为本发明的信息显示单元另一组成原理框图,该信息显示单元由微处理器控制模块50、显示驱动模块51、显示器件52、键盘及LED显示模块53、通信模块55、存储器56、RF接收/发射模块57组成,其连接方式可参阅附图,其特点是将射频识别读写器3和信息显示单元5组合在一起。 FIG 7 information display unit of the present invention the composition further block diagram, the information display unit is controlled by a microprocessor module 50, a display driving module 51, a display device 52, keyboard 53 and LED display module, a communication module 55, a memory 56, the RF receiver / transmitter module 57, whose connections can refer to the accompanying drawings, which is characterized by the RFID reader 3 and an information display unit 5 together.

图8为本发明的信息显示单元之LCD显示屏界面图,该LCD显示屏520安装于货架的隔板上,LCD显示屏520上有3个LED信号灯530,用于显示报警信息,即当陈列于货架上的商品已经超过保质期或即将超过保质期时,根据系统的设置,LED信号灯530能发出闪烁的警报信息,提醒消费者或管理人员注意。 FIG 8 of the present invention the information display unit of FIG LCD display screen, the LCD display 520 mounted on the partition shelves, there are three LED light 530 on the LCD monitor 520 for displaying the alarm message, i.e. when the display when on the shelves of goods has exceeded shelf life or is about to exceed the shelf life, depending on the settings of the system, LED lights 530 can flash an alert message to remind consumers to pay attention to personnel or management. 该LCD显示屏520通过521电源信号线与主控计算机相连,该LCD显示屏520主要作用是显示商品信息522,显示的商品信息522包括商品的销售价格、会员价格、规格型号、产地、等级、保质期、核价员或者其中之任意组合。 The LCD monitor 520 power supply signal line 521 is connected with the host computer, the main effect of the LCD display 520 is a display product information 522, product information 522 includes a display of the selling prices of goods, the price of membership, specifications, origin, level, shelf Life, pricing or any combination of which member.

图9为本发明的信息显示单元之带按键的LCD显示屏界面图,该LCD显示屏的主要特点是它除了具有与上述LCD显示屏相同的特点外,还包括有一个或多个按键531,其作用是用来对LCD显示屏的各种性能参数进行设置。 FIG 9 the present invention the information display LCD display screen with key elements of the FIG., The main features of the LCD display is in addition to its above-described LCD display having the same characteristics, further comprising one or more keys 531, which is used to effect a variety of performance parameters of the LCD display is set.

对于射频识别电子标签2,其一般包括集成电路与天线。 For the RFID tag 2, which generally comprises an integrated circuit and an antenna. 集成电路提供主要的识别功能,它包括永久存储标签识别和其他数据信息,解释和处理从射频读写器3接收的信息,对射频读写器3发出的请求信息作出相应的响应。 The integrated circuit provides the primary identification function, comprising the tag identification and other permanently stored data, the processing and interpretation, corresponding to a response to the request information sent by the RF reader 3 RF reader 3 receives information from. 并协助读写器解决对应与同时询问的多个射频识别电子标签导致的冲突。 And to assist the reader to resolve the conflict resulting in a plurality of radio frequency identification tag corresponds to the interrogation simultaneously. 或者,与读出信息(只读)相反,集成电路可以更新存储在其存储器中的信息。 Alternatively, the information is read out (read only) In contrast, the integrated circuit may update the information stored in its memory. 适用于RFID系统的电子标签可选用德州仪器公司(以其Tag-it系列产品)或飞利浦公司(以其I-Code系列产品)等公司的产品。 Electronic label is applied to the RFID system can choose from Texas Instruments (in their series Tag-it) or Philips (in their I-Code series) and other products.

射频识别电子标签在工业应用环境中特别需要解决的问题就是金属的环境的影响。 RFID electronic tags issue in industrial applications in particular need to address is the environmental impact of metal. 因为如果电子标签贴近金属,将使电子标签读写器不能和电子标签进行正常通讯。 Because if the tag close to the metal, will make the RFID reader and an electronic tag can not communicate. 这是由于电子标签是根据穿过电子标签线圈平面的磁通量的变化与读写器进行通讯。 This is because the electronic communications tag is an electronic tag according to the magnetic flux passing through the plane of the coil changes with the reader. 当磁场变化产生的交变磁通量与金属物体相交时,该金属物体内部产生涡流,并且该涡流在抵消该交变磁通量的方向产生反磁通量,使电磁波功率发热耗散,从而不能使电子标签获得足够的能量进行正常的工作。 When the magnetic field variations generated alternating magnetic flux intersecting with the metal object, the eddy current is generated inside the metal object, and this eddy current cancels out the magnetic flux direction of the alternating magnetic flux produced reverse, the electromagnetic wave power dissipation of heat, so that the tag can not obtain a sufficient energy for normal work. 这一缺陷限制了它在金属表面的应用。 This defect limits its use in metal surface.

利用泄漏磁通的原理实现了在不增加材料成本的前提下,在大面积金属环境下实现电子标签的正常感应、读写。 It achieved without increasing the cost of materials, to achieve a normal sensing electronic tag reader in large metallic environment using the principle of magnetic flux leakage. 因为虽然把电子标签安装在金属物体上使一部分磁通受影响而衰减,但剩余的磁通可分布在金属表面上的空间,可作为与读写器进行通讯的媒介,即使该标签的表面被金属物体所覆盖,通过其间隙组成的磁通泄漏路径使一部分磁通泄漏到外部,该泄漏磁通也可以作为通讯的媒介,完成读写器与电子标签的通讯。 Because although the electronic tag attached to a metal object affected portion of the magnetic flux is attenuated, but the residual magnetic flux may be distributed in the space on the metal surface, may be used as the communication medium and the reader, even if the surface of the label are metal objects covered by the magnetic flux leakage path consisting of the gap portion of the magnetic flux leaks to the outside, the leakage flux can be used as communication media to complete the communication with the electronic tag reader. 电磁波通过该泄漏路径达到电子标签的天线线圈,使读写器能够正常检测到电子标签,并对电子标签进行所有的操作包括获取标签信息、读、写标签中的数据等,且对其实际的感应距离、感应灵敏度的性能没有影响。 The leakage path through the electromagnetic wave reaches the antenna coil of the tag, so that the reader can normally detect electronic tag, the electronic tag and all operations include acquiring tag information reading and writing the data tag, etc., and their practical no effect sensing range, the sensor sensitivity performance.

在RFID应用系统中射频识别读写器的基本功能是实现对射频识别电子标签的数据读写功能;其另一个重要的功能就是与相关的主端进行通讯,其主端包括网络适配器,有线或者无线传输的以太网络;或者与其从端进行通讯、控制,射频识别读写器可以包括有显示屏,或采用指示灯等多种方式。 RFID applications in radio frequency identification reader basic function is to transfer data read and write functions of the radio frequency identification tag; it is another important feature related to communication with the main terminal, the main terminal includes a network adapter, a wired or wireless transmission of Ethernet; or communication therewith, from a control terminal, RFID reader may include a display screen, indicator lamps, or use of a variety of ways.

射频识别读写器根据读写器的发射功率大小可以分为近距离、远距离射频识别读写器。 RFID reader according to the size of the reader transmit power can be divided into near, distant RFID reader. 一般来说,近距离的射频识别读写器的用于发生无线电磁波功率的天线为内置型,即天线安装在读写器的外壳内部,远距离的射频识别读写器具有独立的感应天线,一般都是外置型,采用50欧姆的传输线与远距离射频识别读写器连接。 Generally, the short-range RFID reader antenna for wireless electromagnetic wave power generation is a built-in type, i.e., an antenna mounted inside the housing of the reader, the remote RFID reader antenna has an independent inductive, external type are generally used with 50 ohm transmission line connected to the remote radio frequency identification reader. 这两种类型的射频识别读写器在功能上的区别主要在于其有效的工作范围。 Difference between these two types of RFID reader in function mainly in its active operating range.

实现本发明所述的智能货架系统的方法包括以下步骤:在货架上设置射频识别读写器、感应天线和信息显示单元,感应天线和信息显示单元通过频识别读写器与主控计算机相连;在陈列于货架隔板上的商品上设置射频识别电子标签;射频识别读写器和感应天线读取设置于商品上的射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息或者商品信息的产品电子识别编码(EPC);所述的商品信息由信息显示单元显示出来。 The method of intelligent shelf system according to the present invention comprises the steps of: providing a radio frequency identification reader on the shelf, inductive antenna and an information display unit, and an information display unit inductive antenna through frequency identification reader connected with the host computer; a radio frequency identification tag provided on the display of goods on the shelves of the separator; RFID reader antenna and a reading sensor disposed within the radio frequency identification tag on the product identification code preset electronic product information or product information, product ( the EPC); the commodity information by the information display unit is displayed.

所述信息显示单元显示商品信息通过射频识别读写器读取射频识别电子标签内预设的商品的产品电子识别编码(EPC),再从主控计算机中的数据管理系统中获取该商品标号所对应的商品信息,从信息显示单元单元出来。 The commodity information display unit displays information read electronic product identification codes preset in the electronic RFID tag product (EPC) radio frequency identification reader, and then obtain the product reference from the host computer in the data management system corresponding to the merchandise information from the information unit out of the display unit.

陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是同一品种的商品,且该同一品种的商品中至少有1件商品设置有射频识别电子标签,或者陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是多种不同品种的商品,且每个商品上都设置有射频识别电子标签。 Display on the shelves of the same layer as the separator is the same species commodity goods, and the goods in the same species, at least one product provided with a radio frequency identification tag, or the goods displayed on the shelves with the spacer layer is different from a variety of variety of goods, and are disposed on each product with a radio frequency identification tag.

射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息通过主控计算机的数据管理系统下发,由射频识别读写器写入射频识别电子标签。 Preset radio frequency identification tag of the information delivered by the electronic data management system via the host computer, written by the RFID reader RFID tag.

如果有商品信息需要修改时,管理人员通过主控计算机的数据管理系统下发修改命令和数据,由射频识别读写器写入射频识别电子标签,完成对射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息的修改,或者通过修改射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息的产品电子识别编码(EPC)与主控计算机中数据管理系统中的商品信息的对应关系,完成对射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息的修改。 If there is need to modify the item information, management and data modification commands issued by the host computer data management system, is written by the RFID reader RFID tag, for complete RFID tag within a predetermined commodity information modification, or by modifying the electronic identification code frequency identification tag within a predetermined commodity information (EPC) of correspondence between the host computer merchandise information in the data management system, to complete the radio frequency identification tag preset modify product information.

当陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是多种不同品种的商品时,信息显示单元将轮流显示或分页显示该多种商品的信息。 When the display shelf in the same layer as the separator is a plurality of different species of merchandise goods, the information display unit to display information or paging cycle through the plurality of merchandise.

当陈列于货架上的某种商品即将过期或者已经过期时,主控计算机通过信息显示单元发出警报信息。 When a commodity on display in the shelf is about to expire or has expired, the host computer via the information display unit alert message.

射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息包括该类商品的销售价格、会员价格、规格型号、产地、等级、保质期、核价员或者其中之任意组合,而信息显示单元显示的商品信息为射频识别读写器中预设的商品信息中的全部或者其中的部分之任意组合。 Preset radio frequency identification tag information includes merchandise sales price of such commodity, membership prices, specifications, origin, grade, shelf life, members of the nuclear price or any combination of which, while commodity information display unit displays the information for radio frequency identification any combination of the reader preset commodity information of all or parts.

本发明通过射频识别电子标签技术(RFID)、通讯技术、计算机技术的应用,解决了货架成列物品与其对应的标签信息完全对应和自动标识和快速更新的问题,尤其适用于商场商品在货架上的成列和其价格标签的准确标识,医院、工厂、分销中心等物品仓库管理中的物品存放和其信息的自动而准确标识等。 The present invention is a radio frequency identification tag technology (RFID), application of communications technology, computer technology, to solve the tag information items corresponding thereto exactly correspond and automatic identification and problems fast update shelf columns, especially for shopping of goods on the shelf accurate identification of a column and its price tag, hospitals, factories, distribution centers and other items items stored in the warehouse management and automatic and accurate identification of its information and so on.

应用本发明智能货架的具体过程如下:1)当商场到货后,商场工作人员将商品进行分类,并摆放到智能货架上,一般应保证摆在智能货架同一隔上的物品是同一品种物品,且同一品种的同一批物品中至少有一件物品是附带有RFID电子标签的。 Application of smart shelves specific process of the present invention are as follows: 1) When the arrival of the mall, the mall staff goods classification, and placed onto the smart shelves, should ensure that the article is generally placed on the same smart shelves article across the same species and there is an item with a number of articles of the same species in at least comes with an RFID tag.

2)射频识别电子标签内预先存储有与被附加物品的唯一电子产品电子识别编码(EPC),或者还存储有被附加物品的自然或其它属性资料,如保质期、产品、规格名称、生产厂家、物流信息等等。 2) radio frequency identification tag is stored in advance with the unique electronic products electronic identification code of the attached articles (the EPC), or also stored natural or other property data is appended an article, such as shelf-life, product specifications name, manufacturer, logistics information, and so on.

3)商品被摆放到货架上后,就立即可以在显示屏上出现该商品的相关信息:如销售价格、会员价格、规格型号、产地、等级、保质期、生产日期、核价员等。 3) goods are placed on shelves, on the relevant information about the product can appear immediately on the screen: If the sales price, member price, specifications, origin, grade, shelf life, production date, and other members of the nuclear price. 并始终保证商品与价格等信息是一一对应的,避免了普通货架的货价不符的尴尬。 And always ensure that the goods and prices and other information is one to one, to avoid the embarrassment of ordinary shelf prices of goods inconsistent.

4)当有商品的价格有调整时,通过主控计算机的数据系统方便地对价格等信息进行修改。 4) When a commodity price adjustment, prices and other information to be easily modified by the data system of the host computer.

5)当有些商品,特别是食品、药品等的保质期有即将超期时,可以发出报警,提示应该更换此类商品,满足顾客对食品安全信息的追溯要求,确保消费者购买放心食品。 5) When some commodities, especially food, medicine and other extended shelf life is about to have, you can send out an alarm, suggesting that these goods should be replaced to meet customer traceability requirements for food safety information to ensure that consumers buy their food.

6)利用应用软件可进行商品的管理、价格等信息的更改、数据分析、统计以及生成需要的各种报表等。 6) Change the information using application software for merchandise management and price, data analysis, statistics, and the need to generate a variety of reports.

本发明主要用于商场货架商品成列和其价格等信息自动标识显示,和各类食品生产、加工、零售行业中食品存放与剩余保质期的自动标示和声、光报警提示,医院、工厂、分销中心等物品仓库物品存放和其信息的自动标识显示,以及类似的RFID应用系统,和可以设想发明的其他应用。 The present invention is mainly used to store shelves commodity prices and other information columns and its automatic identification display, and various types of food production, processing and retail industry, food storage and shelf life of the remaining automatic labeling and sound, light alarm, hospitals, factories, distribution Center warehouse items stored article identification information, and automatically display, RFID and similar applications, and other applications of the invention is contemplated.

以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以作出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视为本发明的保护范围。 The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, further improvements and modifications may be made, these improvements and modifications should also be the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (13)

  1. 1.一种智能货架系统,该智能货架系统包括货架,其特征在于:还包括射频识别电子标签、射频识别读写器、感应天线、信息显示单元和主控计算机,所述的射频识别读写器、感应天线和信息显示单元安装于货架上,所述射频识别电子标签设置于陈列在货架内的商品上,并存储与该商品有关的商品信息或唯一的产品电子识别编码,所述感应天线和信息显示单元分别与射频识别读写器连接,射频识别读写器与主控计算机连接,射频识别读写器、感应天线读取该射频识别电子标签内的商品信息,并由信息显示单元将该商品信息显示出来。 An intelligent shelf system, the shelf includes a intelligent shelf system, characterized by: further comprising a radio frequency identification tag, RFID reader, an inductive antenna, the information display unit and the host computer, the RFID reader an induction antenna and the information display unit is mounted on the shelf, the radio frequency identification tag disposed on a display shelf in the commodity or commodity information and storing electronic unique product identification code associated with the product, the inductive antenna and the information display unit is connected to the RFID reader, RFID reader connected with the host computer, a radio frequency identification reader, inductive antenna reading commodity information in the RFID tag by the information display unit the product information is displayed.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的智能货架系统,其特征在于:所述的货架内设有隔板,且每一层的隔板上均设置有射频识别读写器和信息显示单元,所述的感应天线设置于隔板中。 2. The intelligent shelf system according to claim 1, wherein: the shelf equipped with a separator, the separator and each layer is provided with a radio frequency identification reader and an information display unit, the the inductive antenna disposed in the separator.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的智能货架系统,其特征在于:所述货架上的射频识别读写器通过网络适配器连接在一起,网络适配器通过以有线或无线方式与主控计算机相连。 3. The intelligent shelf system of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: the RFID reader on the shelf are connected together through a network adapter, the network adapter is connected via a wired or wireless manner with the host computer.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的智能货架系统,其特征在于:在所述的主控计算机与网络适配器之间还设置有中间件软件服务器以提高智能货架系统的应用能力和扩展能力。 4. The intelligent shelf system according to claim 3, wherein: there is further provided a middleware software between the server computer and the master network adapter to improve application ability and scalability intelligent shelf system.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的智能货架系统,其特征在于:所述的信息显示单元包括微处理器控制模块、显示器件、显示驱动模块、电源和通信接口模块、键盘及LED显示模块,所述显示器件通过显示驱动模块与微处理器控制模块连接,电源和通信接口模块、键盘及LED显示模块分别与微处理器控制模块连接,或者所述的信息显示单元和射频识别读写器合并在一起,即所述的信息显示单元中还包括有一射频识别接收/发射模块,用于读/写射频识别标签,所述的射频识别接收/发射模块与信息显示单元的微处理器控制模块连接。 The intelligent shelf system according to claim 1, wherein: the information display unit includes a microprocessor control module, a display device, the display driving module, a power module and a communication interface, keypad and LED display module, the said display device through the display driving module, and a microprocessor control module, power module, and a communication interface, keypad and LED display module is connected to the microprocessor control module, or the information display unit and an RFID reader incorporated together, i.e., the information display unit further comprises a radio frequency identification receiving / transmitting module, for read / write radio frequency identification tag, the RFID receiver / transmitter module information display module control unit connected to the microprocessor.
  6. 6.一种实现如权利要求1所述的智能货架系统的方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:在货架上设置射频识别读写器、感应天线和信息显示单元,感应天线和信息显示单元通过射频识别读写器与主控计算机相连;在陈列于货架隔板上的商品上设置射频识别电子标签;射频识别读写器和感应天线读取设置于商品上的射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息或者该商品的产品电子识别编码;所述的商品信息由信息显示单元显示出来。 An intelligent shelf system according to a method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that it comprises the steps of: providing a radio frequency identification reader on the shelf, inductive antenna and an information display unit, and sensing information display unit via the antenna RFID reader connected with the host computer; radio frequency identification tag disposed on a display on the shelves of goods separator; RFID reader antenna and a reading sensor disposed within the radio frequency identification tag on the product a preset an electronic product information or product identification code of the product; the commodity information by the information display unit is displayed.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的一种实现智能货架系统的方法,其特征在于:所述信息显示单元显示商品信息通过射频识别读写器读取射频识别电子标签内预设的商品的产品电子识别编码,再从主控计算机中的数据管理系统中获取该商品标号所对应的商品信息,从信息显示单元显示出来。 7. The method according to claim 6 intelligent shelf system implementation, wherein: the information display unit displays a predetermined commodity information read radio frequency identification tag of an electronic product through an electronic RFID reader identification code, and then acquires product information corresponding to the item numbers from the host computer in the data management system, the information from the display unit is displayed.
  8. 8.根据权利要求6或7所述的一种实现智能货架系统的方法,其特征在于:陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是同一品种的商品,且该同一品种的商品中至少有1件商品设置有射频识别电子标签,或者陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是多种不同品种的商品,且每个商品上都设置有射频识别电子标签。 The method according to one intelligent shelf system of claim 6 or claim 7, wherein: the spacer layer with the goods displayed on the shelves of the same variety of goods, and the same species having at least one commodity item is provided with a radio frequency identification tag, or displayed on a shelf in the same layer as the separator product is a plurality of different species of goods, and the goods are each provided with a radio frequency identification tag.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的一种实现智能货架系统的方法,其特征在于:射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息通过主控计算机的数据管理系统下发,由射频识别读写器写入射频识别电子标签。 9. The method of claim 8, one of the intelligent shelf system implementation, wherein: the predetermined radio frequency identification tag article information issued by the host computer data management system, written by RFID reader the radio frequency identification tag.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的一种实现智能货架系统的方法,其特征在于:有商品信息需要修改时,管理人员通过主控计算机的数据管理系统下发修改命令和数据,由射频识别读写器写入射频识别电子标签,完成对射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息的修改,或者,通过根据射频识别电子标签内预设的该商品的产品电子识别编码来修改主控计算机中数据管理系统中与其对应的商品信息资料,完成对商品信息的修改。 10. A method according to claim 9 intelligent shelf system implemented method, comprising: when the product information needs to be modified, modifying the command issued by the management data in the data management system and the host computer, read by the radio frequency identification writer writes RFID tag, finished modifying the preset radio frequency identification tag of the electronic information or to modify the data in the host computer via an electronic product identification codes in accordance with a predetermined radio frequency identification tag of the merchandise management system corresponding product information data, complete the changes to the product information.
  11. 11.根据权利要求8所述的一种实现智能货架系统的方法,其特征在于:当陈列于货架上同一层隔板的商品是多种不同品种的商品时,信息显示单元将轮流显示或分页显示该多种商品的信息。 11. The method of claim 8, one of the intelligent shelf system implementation, wherein: when the upper shelf of the commodities displayed in the separator layer is a plurality of different varieties of goods, in turn displays the information display unit or tab display a variety of information about the product.
  12. 12.根据权利要求8所述的一种实现智能货架系统的方法,其特征在于:当陈列于货架上的某种商品即将过期或者已经过期时,主控计算机通过信息显示单元发出警报信息。 12. A method according to claim 8 intelligent shelf system implemented method, wherein: when a commodity display on the shelves is about to expire or has expired, the host computer through the display unit information and alert.
  13. 13.根据权利要求12所述的一种实现智能货架系统的方法,其特征在于:射频识别电子标签内预设的商品信息包括该类商品的销售价格、会员价格、规格型号、产地、等级、保质期、生产日期、核价员或者其中之任意组合,所述信息显示单元显示的商品信息为射频识别读写器中预设的商品信息中的全部或者其中的部分之任意组合。 12 13. A method according to claim realize intelligent shelf system, wherein: the predetermined RFID tag information including sales price of such merchandise items, member price, specifications, origin, level, shelf life, production date, pricing, or any combination of which member, any combination of the information display unit displays product information for RFID reader preset commodity information of all or parts.
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