CN1852431A - System and method for realizing video frequency information sharing - Google Patents

System and method for realizing video frequency information sharing Download PDF

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CN1852431A
CN1852431A CN 200510135101 CN200510135101A CN1852431A CN 1852431 A CN1852431 A CN 1852431A CN 200510135101 CN200510135101 CN 200510135101 CN 200510135101 A CN200510135101 A CN 200510135101A CN 1852431 A CN1852431 A CN 1852431A
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video
server
real
time
resource
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CN100421469C (en
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车海平
王军
孙谦
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses two kinds of system and method for implementing sharing video information in real time. The system sets up an indexing server for video resources. Being connected to each stream media server of generating video information in real time, the indexing server receives and stores information of video resources sent from stream media servers. Through accessing the indexing server, each client terminal obtains information of video resources in real time; and based on the information of video resources, each client terminal down loads and plays video information in real time from corresponding stream media server; or each client terminal requests real time video to indexing server for video resources in real time; and based on the information of video resources in real time, the indexing server obtains real time video from stream media servers and forwards it to client end. The disclosed two systems and methods share centralized information of each video in real time.

Description

实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法 Implementation system and method for real-time video sharing information

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及在网络上实时传输视频信息的技术,特别涉及实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法。 The present invention relates to a technology to transmit real-time video information over the network, and particularly to a system and method to realize real-time video information sharing.

背景技术 Background technique

目前,作为第四媒体的网络正在带给人们的是各种各样的信息,不再只是单纯文本、图像和简单的声音文件,而是包含音、视频的多媒体技术,包括广播电视、新闻剪辑电台、电影、监控视频等。 At present, as the fourth media network is to bring people of all kinds of information is no longer just a simple text, images, sound files and simple, but includes multimedia audio and video, including radio, television, news clips radio, movies, video monitors and so on. 想要使用这些多媒体信息,就必须实现视频、音频信息在网络上的传输,但随着上网人数的趋增,而网络硬件设备的本身局限性,使得媒体文件的大小成为网络传输一个不可忽视的参数。 Want to use these multimedia information, it is necessary to implement video and audio information is transmitted on the network, but with the trend of increasing number of Internet users, and the limitations of their own network hardware, making the size of the media file to be a network transmission can not be ignored parameter. 一方面,人们希望能在网络上看到生动清晰、活泼精彩的媒体演示,另一方面人们又不得不去面对媒体文件传输所需的大量时间。 On the one hand, people want to see clear and vivid, lively and exciting media presentation on the Web, on the other hand it has had to face a lot of the time required to transfer media files.

为了解决这种矛盾,一种新的媒体技术应运而生,这就是流媒体(StreamMedia)技术,流媒体又叫流式媒体。 In order to resolve this contradiction, a new media technologies have emerged, which is streaming (StreamMedia) technology, also known as streaming media streaming media. 所谓流媒体是指采用流式传输的方式在IP网络中播放的媒体格式,如音频、视频或多媒体文件。 The so-called streaming media refers to streaming using the multimedia presentation in the IP network media formats, such as audio, video or multimedia files. 流媒体在播放前并不下载整个文件,只将开始部分内容存入内存,在计算机或手机中对数据包进行缓存并使媒体数据正确的输出。 Streaming media player does not download the entire file before, only the beginning of the content stored in the memory, the data packet is cached in a computer or mobile phone and media data correct output. 流媒体的数据流随时传送随时播放,只是在开始时有一些延迟。 Streaming media data streams transmitted at any time ready to play, but there are some delays in the beginning.

流媒体实现的关键技术就是流式传输,流式传输主要指将整个音频和视频等多媒体文件经过特定的压缩方式解析成一个个压缩包,由流媒体服务器向用户计算机顺序传送。 The key technology of streaming media streaming is implemented, streaming mainly refers to the entire audio and video multimedia file parsed into a compressed packet transmitted from the streaming server to the user computer through a particular order of compression.

在采用流式传输方式的系统中,用户不必像采用下载方式那样等到整个文件全部下载完毕,而是只需经过几秒或几十秒的启动延时即可在用户的计算机上利用硬件或软件解压设备对压缩的音频和视频等多媒体文件解压后进行播放和观看。 In the system using streaming mode, the user does not have to be like that until the entire file to download using all the download is complete, but only after a delay of a few seconds or tens of seconds to start to take advantage of hardware or software on the user's computer decompression device for compressed audio and video and other multimedia files unzip to play and watch. 此时多媒体文件的剩余部分将在后台继续下载。 At this point the remaining part of the multimedia files will continue to download in the background.

与单纯的下载方式相比,这种对多媒体文件边下载边播放的流式传输方式不仅使启动延时大幅度地缩短,而且对系统缓存容量的需求也大大降低,极大减少用户的等待时间。 Compared with the simple way to download, this multimedia file playing while downloading streaming mode not only makes the start delay greatly shortened, and the demand for system cache capacity is also greatly reduced, greatly reducing the waiting time for users .

采用流媒体技术可以实现视频信息的实时传输,目前主要用于视频监控系统,参见图1,图1为现有技术视频监控系统结构示意图。 Streaming media technology can achieve real-time transmission of video information, mainly for video surveillance systems, see FIG. 1, FIG. 1 is a schematic prior art video surveillance system architecture. 其中,流媒体服务器102连接了多个摄像装置101,通过摄像装置获得视频信息,生成实时视频流媒体数据。 Wherein the streaming server 102 connected to a plurality of image pickup device 101, the video information obtained by the imaging device, generating a real-time video streaming data. 流媒体服务器102可以由计算机来实现,其可以通过非对称数字用户线(Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line,ADSL)103等方式接入因特网110,远程监视终端105根据流媒体服务器102的地址,经因特网110访问流媒体服务器102实时获取视频信息,实现视频监控。 Streaming server 102 may be implemented by a computer 103, etc. can access the Internet 110 through an asymmetric digital subscriber line (Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line, ADSL), 105 address of the remote monitoring terminal according to the streaming media server 102, the access via the Internet 110 streaming media server 102 to obtain real-time video information for video monitoring.

虽然视频监控已经广泛应用,但是目前各种实时视频资源基本都是不开放的,封闭的,当然这也是由于目前视频监控系统主要是应用于安全和私有场所,不允许其公开决定的。 Although video surveillance has been widely used, but there is a variety of real-time video resources are basically not open, closed, of course, this is due to the current video surveillance system is mainly used in safe and private place, do not allow the disclosure of the decision. 但随着网络娱乐化生活化的趋势,实时视频将不仅仅主要用于安防监控,而且还可以满足人们的娱乐生活需求,如商店超市、公园景点,甚至是个人都可以将安置的摄像头共享出来,而任何人都可以通过网络观看到各地共享摄像头传送的实时视频,如此将足够多的各种实时视频资源共享集中在一起,就可以实现用户足不出户即可看到任何有共享摄像头的地点的实时视频了。 But with the life of the network entertainment trend, real-time video surveillance will not only mainly used for security, but also to meet the people's entertainment needs, shops supermarkets, park attractions, and even individuals can be placed out of camera share , and anyone can watch real-time video sharing over the network to transfer the camera around, so enough of the various real-time video sharing resources together, we can achieve the user can see any homes have shared camera real-time video of the site. 但现在还没有提供一种统一开放的系统和方法集中共享各种可用的实时视频资源,来实现以上的新需求。 But still it does not provide a unified and open system and method for centralized shared a variety of real-time video available resources, to achieve the above new requirements.

发明内容 SUMMARY

有鉴于此,本发明的主要目的在于提供两种实现实时视频信息共享的系统,应用该系统能使更多用户接收实时视频信息。 In view of this, the main object of the present invention is to provide two kinds of real-time video information sharing system, the application system enables more users receiving real-time video information.

本发明的另一个主要目的在于提供两种实现实时视频信息共享的方法,使得更多的用户能够接收实时视频信息。 Another main object of the present invention is to provide two methods real-time video sharing information, such that more users can receive real-time video information.

为达到上述目的的一个方面,本发明提供了两种实现实时视频信息共享的系统,其中第一种系统至少包含:摄像装置、流媒体服务器和客户终端,所述流媒体服务器与一个或多个摄像装置相连;且该系统还包含视频资源索引服务器;所述流媒体服务器将包含该流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息存储到视频资源索引服务器;并在接收到实时视频请求后,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据,并将该实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端;所述视频资源索引服务器与一个或多个流媒体服务器分别相连,存储从各个流媒体服务器接收的实时视频资源信息;接收客户终端的视频资源请求,并根据用户需要,将包含流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息,返回给客户终端;所述客户终端根据用户需要向视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请 In order to achieve an aspect of the above object, the present invention provides a system implemented in two real-time video sharing information, wherein the first system comprises at least: an imaging device, the streaming media server and the client terminal, the streaming media server with one or more imaging means is connected; and the system further comprises a video server resource index; the streaming video server comprising a real-time streaming media resource information storage server resource index address to the video server; and, after receiving a request for real-time video, from the camera means for generating the video information receiving real-time video streaming media data, and playing the real-time video streaming data to the client terminal; resource index the video server and one or more streaming media server are connected, each stream received from the storage media server real-time video resource information; receiving client terminal video resource request, and according to user needs, resource information including real-time video streaming server address is returned to the client terminal; resource the client terminal transmits the video to the video server resource index according to user need please ,接收视频资源索引服务器返回的实时视频资源信息,根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求,并接收流媒体服务器播放的实时视频流媒体数据。 , Real-time video resource information receiving video resource index server, sends the address information of the resource information in real-time video streaming server to request real-time video, and receives the data stream in real-time video streaming media server played.

其中,所述的流媒体服务器可以通过因特网或局域网接收客户终端发送的实时视频请求,并通过所述因特网或局域网将实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端;所述的视频资源索引服务器通过因特网或局域网接收客户终端发送的视频资源请求,并通过所述因特网或局域网将包含流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息返回给客户终端。 Wherein the streaming server may receive real-time video over the Internet or a local area network requesting client terminal sent through the Internet or a local area network and the real-time video data playing streaming media to the client terminal; resource index according to the video server via the Internet or LAN client terminal receives the transmitted video resource request, and by said Internet or a local area containing real-time video streaming server resource address information is returned to the client terminal.

所述的客户终端可以包含即时状态客户端单元;所述的流媒体服务器进一步将实时视频资源的状态信息实时更新到视频资源索引服务器;流媒体服务器向客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元播放实时视频流媒体数据;所述的即时状态客户端单元记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,并到视频资源索引服务器上订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息;根据实时视频资源的状态信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;所述视频资源索引服务器进一步接收客户终端的即时状态客户端单元的订阅请求,根据该请求,将客户终端订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元。 The client terminal may comprise means for real time status of the client; the streaming media server is further resource status information updated in real time live video to the video server resource index; streaming server to the client terminal in a client unit displays the instantaneous state of the real-time video streaming data; instantaneous state of the real-time status of each client unit recording real-time video service status identification information of the resource, and to subscribe to the identification information corresponding to the real-time video on the video resource index server resource status information; real-time video assets status information transmission request to the real-time video streaming server; subscription request to the video server further receives resource index immediate state of the client terminal in client unit, according to the request, the status information of the client terminal resources, real-time video back to the client subscriptions Now the state of the terminal in the client unit.

该系统还可以进一步包含即时状态服务器;所述的视频资源索引服务器和客户终端分别包含即时状态客户端单元;所述的流媒体服务器进一步将实时视频资源的状态信息实时更新到视频资源索引服务器;流媒体服务器向客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元播放实时视频流媒体数据;所述视频资源索引服务器中的即时状态客户端单元在即时状态服务器上注册存储每个实时视频资源信息,并接受即时状态服务器分配的即时状态业务标识信息,且视频资源索引服务器不断将每个实时视频资源的状态信息更新到即时状态服务器上;所述客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,到即时状态服务器订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息;所述的即时状态服务器接收客户终端中即时状态客户端单元的订阅请求 The system may further comprise an immediate status server; resource index according to the video server and the client terminal comprises the instantaneous state of each client unit; the streaming media server is further resource status information updated in real time live video to the video server resource index; streaming media server client unit displays the real-time video streaming data to the client terminal in the immediate state; the video resource index server client unit instantaneous state register state stored on the server for real time live video of each resource information, and receive instant instant status status information service identifier assigned by the server, and the video resource index server continuously updates the status information of each live video to the instantaneous state of the resource server; the client terminal in the immediate state of each client unit recording real-time video resource state real-time status service identification information, to the real-time status subscription server identification information corresponding to the real-time video resource status information; real-time status of the server receives a subscription request for real time status of the client unit the client terminal 根据该请求,将客户终端订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元。 According to this request, the real-time status information of the video asset is returned to the client terminal subscription in the immediate state of the client terminal client unit.

该系统还可以进一步包含一个或多个存储视频广告数据的广告视频服务器;各个广告视频服务器与所述视频资源索引服务器相连,且视频资源索引服务器存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息;所述的视频资源索引服务器接收到客户终端发送的视频资源请求后,将该请求和实时视频资源信息转发给一个广告视频服务器,并将广告视频服务器的地址信息发送给客户终端;所述客户终端到所述广告视频服务器下载视频广告数据,并接收广告视频服务器在视频广告数据下载后发送的实时视频资源信息;根据该实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 The system may further comprise one or more advertisement video storing video data of the advertisement server; advertisement video server is connected to the respective video server resource index, and the address information of the video server stores each resource index advertisement video server; the video after the server receives a video resource index resource request sent by the client terminal, forwarding the request to the resource information, and a real-time video advertisement video server, and send the address information of the advertisement video server to the client terminal; the advertisement to the client terminal a video server downloads a video advertisement data, the advertisement video server and receiving real-time video transmission resource information after downloading the video advertisement data; request to transmit real-time video streaming server resource information based on the real-time video.

该系统还可以进一步包含:带摄像头的移动通信终端;所述带摄像头的移动通信终端与流媒体服务器经由移动通信网络中的WAP网关建立流媒体数据传输通道,并将摄像头拍摄的实时视频数据通过该数据传输通道,上传到流媒体服务器。 The system may further comprise: a mobile communication terminal with a camera; mobile communication terminal with a camera and streaming server to establish the streaming media data transmission channels via the mobile communication network, WAP gateway, real-time video data and captured by the camera by the data transmission channel, uploaded to the streaming server.

本发明提供的第二种实现实时视频信息共享的系统,至少包含摄像装置、流媒体服务器和客户终端,所述流媒体服务器与一个或多个摄像装置相连;且该系统还包含视频资源索引服务器;所述流媒体服务器将包含该流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息存储到视频资源索引服务器;并在接收到实时视频请求后,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据,并将该实时视频流媒体数据通过视频资源服务器播放给客户终端;所述视频资源索引服务器与一个或多个流媒体服务器分别相连,存储从各个流媒体服务器接收的实时视频资源信息;接收客户终端发送的实时视频请求,根据用户需要获得实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息将该请求转发给对应的流媒体服务器,并从流媒体服务器接收实时视频流媒体数据转发给客 The second present invention provides a real-time video information sharing system, comprising at least an imaging device, the streaming media server and the client terminal, the streaming media server connected to one or more of the imaging devices; and the system further comprises a video server resource index ; streaming media server comprising the real-time video streaming of the media resource information storage server resource index address to the video server; and after receiving the request for real-time video, real-time video streaming data to generate video information received from the imaging means, and the real-time video streaming video data playing by the resource server to the client terminal; resource index the video server and one or more streaming media server are connected to live video received from the resource information stored in the respective streaming media server; receiving client terminal transmitting real-time video request, according to user needs to obtain real-time video resource information, and forwarded to the streaming media server corresponding to the address information of the resource request for the real-time video information, and receive real-time video streaming data from the streaming server to forward the customer 终端;所述客户终端根据用户需要直接向视频资源索引服务器发送实时视频请求,并接收视频资源索引服务器转发的实时视频流媒体数据。 Terminal; transmitting the client terminal according to user needs directly to a video server live video request resource index, and receive real-time video streaming video data forwarded by the server resource index.

其中,所述的客户终端可以为移动通信终端;所述的流媒体服务器通过移动通信网接收视频资源索引服务器转发的实时视频请求,并通过所述视频资源索引服务器将实时视频流媒体数据通过移动通信网发送给移动通信终端;所述的视频资源索引服务器通过TCP/IP协议或SIP协议接收移动通信终端发送的实时视频请求,并将从流媒体服务器接收的实时视频流媒体数据通过移动通信网发送给移动通信终端。 Wherein the client terminal may be a mobile communication terminal; the real-time video streaming media server receives a request to forward the video resource index server through a mobile communication network, and the video resource index through the real-time video streaming server data by moving the communication network to the mobile communication terminal; resource index according to the video server receives real-time video communication request for the mobile terminal transmitted through TCP / IP protocol or the SIP protocol and received from the streaming media server streaming live video data through a mobile communication network transmitted to the mobile communication terminal.

所述的移动通信终端可以通过移动通信网络中的短消息中心向视频资源索引服务器发送实时视频请求;所述视频资源索引服务器将从流媒体服务器接收的实时视频流媒体数据通过移动通信网络中的多媒体消息中心发送给移动通信终端;所述的短消息中心接收到移动通信终端发送的实时视频请求短消息,将该短消息转换为视频资源索引服务器能够接收的数据,转发给视频资源索引服务器;所述的多媒体消息中心接收流媒体服务器发送的实时视频流媒体数据,转换为多媒体消息,发送给移动通信终端。 The mobile communication terminal may transmit real-time video to the video request resource index server via a mobile communication network, the short message center; said video server resource index from the real-time video streaming media server receives streaming media data via a mobile communication network the multimedia message center sends to the mobile communication terminal; the short message center receives the real-time video of the mobile communication terminal transmits a request message, convert the short message to the video data server capable of receiving resource index is forwarded to the video server resource index; the multimedia message center receiving streaming live video streaming server sends media data, is converted into a multimedia message, sent to the mobile communication terminal.

该系统可以进一步包含一个或多个存储视频广告数据的广告视频服务器;各个广告视频服务器与所述视频资源索引服务器相连,且视频资源索引服务器存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息;所述的视频资源索引服务器接收到客户终端发送的视频请求后,将该请求转发给一个广告视频服务器;并在接收到广告视频服务器发送完广告数据的通知后,根据用户需要获得实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息将该请求转发给对应的流媒体服务器;所述广告视频服务器向客户终端发送视频广告数据,并在视频广告数据发送完后,通知视频资源索引服务器;所述客户终端接收广告视频服务器发送的视频广告数据后,接收流媒体服务器播放的实时视频流媒体数据。 The system may further comprise one or more advertisement video storing video data of the advertisement server; advertisement video server is connected to the respective video server resource index, and the address information of the video server stores each resource index advertisement video server; said video asset after receiving the index server the client terminal transmits a video request, forwards the request to an advertisement video server; and, after receiving the notification server after sending advertisement video advertisement data according to the user needs to obtain real-time video resource information, and based on the real-time forwarding the request address information of video information to a resource corresponding to the streaming media server; the advertisement video server transmitting video advertisement data to the client terminal, and transmits the data after the advertisement video, a video resource index notification server; the client terminal after receiving the advertisement video advertisement video data sent by the server, receiving data stream real-time video streaming media server to play.

该系统还可以进一步包含:带摄像头的移动通信终端;所述带摄像头的移动通信终端与流媒体服务器之间通过移动通信网络中的WAP网关建立流媒体数据传输通道,且移动通信终端将摄像头拍摄的实时视频数据通过该数据传输通道,上传到流媒体服务器。 The system may further comprise: a mobile communication terminal with camera; establishing streaming media data transmission path between the mobile communication terminal with a camera and streaming server via a mobile communication network, WAP gateway and the mobile communication terminal camera shooting the real-time video data through the data transmission channel, uploaded to the streaming server.

为达到上述目的的另一个方面,本发明提供了两种实现实时视频信息共享的方法,其中第一种方法采用上述第一种实时视频信息共享系统,预先将包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息存储到了视频资源索引服务器,客户终端获得实时视频信息的过程包括以下步骤: In order to achieve another aspect of the above object, the present invention provides two methods for real-time video information sharing, the above-described first method wherein the first real-time video information sharing system, comprising previously live video streaming server address information resource information stored in the video resource index server, the client terminal real-time video information includes the following steps:

A、客户终端向视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求;B、视频资源索引服务器接收到视频资源请求,获得包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息,并将该实时视频资源信息返回给客户终端;C、客户终端根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;D、流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端。 A, the client terminal transmits a resource request to the video server video resource index; B, the video server receives a video resource index resource request, resource information includes real-time video streaming media server address information, and returns the information to the real-time video resources to the client terminal ; C, the client terminal transmits a request to the real-time video streaming server according to the address information of the real time video information resource; D, real-time video streaming server according to the request, the video information received from the imaging means generate real-time video streaming data to play The client terminal.

其中,所述步骤A中,客户终端可以通过因特网或局域网向视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器通过所述因特网或局域网将包含流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息返回给客户终端;所述步骤C中,客户终端通过因特网或局域网向流媒体服务器发送的实时视频请求;所述步骤D中,流媒体服务器通过所述因特网或局域网将实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端。 Wherein, in the step A, the client terminal may send a resource request the video to the video server via the Internet resource index or a local area network; the step B, the video resource index server through the Internet or a local area containing real-time video streaming server address resource information is returned to the client terminal; the step C, transmits real-time video to the client terminal requesting the streaming server via the Internet or a local area network; the step D, the streaming server via the Internet or a local area network in real-time video streaming data play to the client terminal.

所述视频资源索引服务器可以运行WWW服务以网页显示实时视频资源信息;所述客户终端使用WEB浏览器通过因特网访问视频资源索引服务器;视频资源索引服务器通过TCP/IP协议或SIP协议与流媒体服务器通信。 The server can run video resource index WWW service displays real-time video to web page resource information; the client terminal using the WEB browser to access video resource index server via the Internet; video resource index server via TCP / IP protocol or SIP protocol and streaming media server communication.

所述的实时视频资源信息可以进一步包含:实时视频资源的状态信息、实时视频资源位置信息、实时视频资源类别信息、实时视频资源操控信息中的一种或多种。 The real-time video resource information may further comprise: resource status information of real-time video, real-time video resource location information, real time video information resource categories, real-time video manipulation information resource of one or more.

所述实时视频资源信息包含实时视频资源的状态信息时:所述的流媒体服务器可以进一步将实时视频资源的状态信息实时更新到视频资源索引服务器;所述步骤C中,客户终端根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息和状态信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;所述的实时视频资源信息包括实时视频资源位置信息时:视频资源索引服务器按实时视频资源位置信息进行索引,并按所述位置信息,将实时视频资源与地图上的位置对应起来,并将在对应位置标注了实时视频资源的地图包含在实时视频资源信息中发送给客户终端;所述的实时视频资源信息包括实时视频资源类别信息时:视频资源索引服务器按实时视频资源类别信息进行索引,生成实时视频资源索引目录,将该目录包含在实时视频资源信息中发送给客户终端;所述的实时视频资源信息包括实时 The real-time status information includes real-time video resource when the resource information of the video: the streaming server may further resource status information updated in real time live video to the video server resource index; the step C, the client terminal based on the real-time video address information and status information in the resource information request to send real-time video streaming server; real-time video when the video resource information includes resource location information in real time: the video index according to the resource index server resource location information of real-time video, the press position information, a position on the map in real time in association with the video resources, real-time video and marked at the corresponding position of the resource to the client terminal comprises a map in real-time video resource information; real-time video of the live video resource information includes resource when category information: video server resource index according to real-time video classification information resource index, generating a real-time video resource index directory, the directory is included in the resource information in real-time video to the client terminal; said resource information includes live video in real time 视频资源操控信息时:所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器对可操控状态的实时视频资源,向客户终端发送视频操控界面,接收用户输入的操控指令,并将操控指令传送给流媒体服务器,流媒体服务器根据该操控指令对实时视频资源对应的摄像装置进行相应的操控。 Video resource control information: in said Step B, the video server resource index can be manipulated in real time the state of the video resource, the client terminal sends a video control interface, receiving a control instruction input by a user, and control instructions to the streaming media server, streaming media server corresponding manipulation of real-time video imaging means corresponding to the resource based on the control command.

所述流媒体服务器将实时视频资源的状态信息存储到视频资源索引服务器的方法可以为:所述流媒体服务器接收视频资源索引服务器按预先设定的时间间隔发送的状态信息请求,按照该请求向视频资源索引服务器返回状态信息;视频资源索引服务器用接收的状态信息进行更新;或当实时视频资源的状态信息发生变化时,所述流媒体服务器向视频资源索引服务器更新最新的实时视频资源状态信息。 The streaming media server stores status information in real time of video assets to the video server resource index method may be: the media server receives a video streaming server status information request resource index according to a preset transmission time interval, according to the request video server returns state information in the resource index; video server resource index is updated with the received status information; real-time video, or when the resource status information changes, the streaming server to update the latest real-time video resource status information to the video server resource index .

所述实时视频资源状态信息可以包含资源是否可用、该实时视频资源当前访问人数或负荷信息、以及该实时视频资源的实时摘要图片;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器接收到实时视频资源的请求时,先检测该实时视频资源的访问人数或负荷;当检测到访问人数或负荷达到预先设定的上限时,按一定时间间隔向流媒体服务器请求实时摘要图片;并在接收到流媒体服务器返回的实时摘要图片后,将其加入实时视频资源状态信息发送给用户终端;当检测到访问人数或负荷降到低于预先设定的上限时,视频资源索引服务器通知客户终端到流媒体服务器获取实时视频流媒体数据。 The real-time video resource status information may comprise whether resources are available, the number of access to the current or live video resource load information, the real-time images and real-time video summary resource; in the step B, the video resource index server receives video assets in real-time request, to the load or the number of detected access real-time video resource; the number of visits or when the detected load reaches the upper limit set in advance, at regular intervals in real time request to the streaming server digest image; and receiving the streaming media server after the return of real-time summary picture, will add live video resource status information to the user terminal; when the detected number of visits or load drops below the upper limit set in advance, the video resource index server notifies the client terminal to obtain the streaming media server Real-time video streaming data.

所述步骤B中,在视频资源索引服务器按一定时间间隔向流媒体服务器请求实时摘要图片之前,视频资源索引服务器可以将当前存储的该实时视频资源的最新一张或多张图片、显示图片对应的时间发送给用户终端。 The step B, the resource index server before requesting live video image digest to the streaming server at regular intervals, the video server resource index may be the date a real-time video assets currently stored more images, display images corresponding to time to the user terminal.

所述实时视频资源状态信息还可以包含资源是否可用及该实时视频资源当前访问人数或负荷信息;当所述流媒体服务器检测到访问人数或负荷达到预先设定的上限时,或在播放流媒体数据一定时间后,改为按一定时间间隔向客户终端发送实时图片。 The real-time video resource status information may further comprise whether the resource is available and the number currently accessing the resource or load information live video; streaming media server, when the number of detected access or load reaches the upper limit set in advance, or play streaming media after a certain time data, changed at regular intervals to send real-time images to the client terminal.

所述的客户终端可以包含即时状态客户端单元;所述的即时状态客户端单元记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,并到视频资源索引服务器上订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息;根据实时视频资源的状态信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;所述视频资源索引服务器进一步接收客户终端的即时状态客户端单元的订阅请求,根据该请求,将客户终端订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元;所述步骤D中,流媒体服务器向客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元播放实时视频流媒体数据。 The client terminal may comprise means for real time status of the client; instantaneous state of the real-time status of each client unit recording real-time video service identification information resource state, and the resource index to the video server identification information corresponding to the subscribed real-time video resources state information; real-time video information according to the state of the resource request to send real-time video streaming server; subscription request for real time status of the video asset index server the client terminal further receives a client unit according to the request, the client terminal subscribed real-time the state information is returned to the instant video resource state of the client in the client terminal unit; the step D, the streaming media server client unit displays the real-time video streaming data to the client terminal in real-time status.

该系统还可以进一步包含即时状态服务器;所述的视频资源索引服务器和客户终端分别包含即时状态客户端单元;所述视频资源索引服务器中的即时状态客户端单元预先在即时状态服务器上注册存储每个实时视频资源信息,并接受即时状态服务器分配的即时状态业务标识信息,且视频资源索引服务器不断将每个实时视频资源的状态信息更新到即时状态服务器上;所述客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元预先记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,到即时状态服务器订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息;所述的即时状态服务器在接收客户终端中即时状态客户端单元的订阅请求后,根据该请求,将客户终端订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元;所述步骤D中,流媒体服务器向客户终端中的即时状 The system may further comprise an immediate status server; resource index according to the video server and the client terminal each include means for real time status of the client; the video server resource index in immediate state of pre-registered client unit stored on the instant state of each server real-time video information resources, and accept the real-time status of real-time status of the server distribution service identification information, and the video will continue to update the resource index server status information for each real-time video resources on the immediate status of the server; the client terminal in real-time status of customer each end unit pre-recorded video in real time the instantaneous state of the resource status service identification information, to the real-time status subscription server identification information corresponding to the real-time status information of the video asset; immediate state of the the receiving client terminal at the server for real time status of the client unit after the subscription request, according to the request, the real-time status information of the video asset is returned to the client terminal subscription in the immediate state of the client terminal client unit; the step D, the streaming server to the client terminal in real time like 态客户端单元播放实时视频流媒体数据。 Client unit displays the state of the real-time video streaming data.

该方法还可以进一步包括:当一个实时视频资源正在被操控时,视频资源索引服务器将该实时视频资源的操控信息设置为锁定状态,拒绝其他客户终端发送的操控指令。 The method may further comprise: a real-time video, when resources are being manipulated, the video server resource index information is provided real-time manipulation of the video asset in a locked state, the other client terminals reject control commands sent.

所述的摄像装置可以包含轨道及可在轨道上运行的摄像头,所述的操控指令还包括在轨道上运行的操控指令;所述流媒体服务器根据该操控指令对实时视频资源对应的摄像装置的摄像头进行轨道上运行操控。 The imaging means may comprise a track, and the camera may be run on the track, the handling instructions further comprise instructions running on the control track; the imaging apparatus according to the streaming server control instruction corresponding to the resources of the real-time video camera for manipulating run on the track.

所述的视频资源索引服务器可以进一步存储一个或多个视频广告数据;所述步骤B中,实时视频资源索引服务器在向客户终端返回实时视频资源信息时,通知客户终端先到实时视频资源索引服务器下载一个视频广告数据;所述步骤C中,客户终端根据通知向实时视频资源索引服务器下载视频广告数据,在播放视频广告数据同时或播放后,根据实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 The video server resource index may further store one or more video advertisement data; said step (B), real-time video resource index server when the terminal returns information to the client resource real-time video, real-time video First notifies the client terminal resource index server downloading a video advertisement data; the step C, the client terminal downloads the video data to the real-time video advertisement server according to the resource index notification, advertisement data after playing the video while playing or transmitting real-time video streaming server a request to the resource information according to real-time video .

所述实时视频资源信息中还可以包括实时视频资源的类型信息,所述存储的每个视频广告数据与至少一个所述类型相关;所述步骤B中,实时视频资源索引服务器从客户终端请求的实时视频资源的类型相关的视频广告数据中选取一个,通知客户终端下载该视频广告数据。 The real-time video resource information may further include real-time video type information resources, each of said stored video advertisement data associated with said at least one type; the step B, the resource index server requesting real-time video from the client terminal video advertising data related to the type of real-time video to select a resource to inform the client terminal to download the video ad data.

可以进一步在系统中设置一个或多个存储视频广告数据的广告视频服务器;各个广告视频服务器与所述视频资源索引服务器相连,且视频资源索引服务器存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器接收到客户终端发送的视频资源请求后,将该请求和实时视频资源信息转发给一个广告视频服务器,并将广告视频服务器的地址信息发送给客户终端;所述步骤B还包括:客户终端根据广告视频服务器的地址信息到所述广告视频服务器下载视频广告数据,并接收广告视频服务器在视频广告数据下载后发送的实时视频资源信息; In the system may be further provided with one or more advertisement video storing video data of the advertisement server; advertisement video server is connected to the respective video server resource index, and the address information of the video server stores each resource index advertisement video server; said step B after, the video server receives a video resource index resource request sent by the client terminal, forwarding the request to the resource information, and a real-time video advertisement video server, and send the address information of the advertisement video server to the client terminal; said step B further comprising: a client terminal according to the address information of the advertisement video server to the server to download the advertisement video advertisement video data, and receive real-time video advertisement video server sends resource information in the advertisement video data download;

所述步骤C中,客户终端根据从广告视频服务器接收的实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 The step C, the client terminal sends a request to the real-time video streaming server resources with live video received from the advertisement video information server.

可以进一步在系统中包含:带摄像头的移动通信终端;所述带摄像头的移动通信终端与流媒体服务器经由移动通信网络中的WAP网关建立流媒体数据传输通道,并将摄像头拍摄的实时视频数据通过该数据传输通道,上传到流媒体服务器。 May further be included in the system: a mobile communication terminal with a camera; mobile communication terminal with a camera and streaming server to establish the streaming media data transmission channels via the mobile communication network, WAP gateway, real-time video data and captured by the camera by the data transmission channel, uploaded to the streaming server.

所述客户终端发送的实时视频请求中可以包含客户终端的地址信息;所述步骤D为:流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求中的地址信息,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息压缩编码为流媒体格式,如果摄像装置包括拾音器,则流媒体服务器还将音频进行一起压缩编码,生成实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端。 The real-time video transmission request to the client terminal may be included in the client terminal address information; the step D is: streaming video server according to the address information in the real-time video request, received from the image pickup means is compression-encoded streaming media format If the imaging device comprises a microphone, the audio streaming server also with compression coding, generating a real-time video streaming data to the client terminal displays.

所述步骤D可以包括:D1、流媒体服务器从摄像装置获取视频信息;D2、流媒体服务器与客户终端建立信令通道,并将播放地址及端口号发送给客户终端;D3、客户终端与流媒体服务器建立数据通道;D4、流媒体服务器将视频信息生成视频流媒体数据后,将其通过该数据通道发送给客户终端;D5、客户终端接收流媒体数据进行显示播放。 Said step D may include: D1, streaming media server acquires video information from the imaging apparatus; D2 of, the streaming media server and the client terminal to establish a signaling channel, and displays the address and port number to the client terminal; D3, the client terminal and stream the media server to establish a data channel; after D4, the streaming media server streaming video information generating video data, and sends it to the client terminal through the data channel; D5, the client terminal receives streaming media data to display the playback.

所述步骤D2中,流媒体服务器可以将组播地址及端口号发送给客户终端;所述步骤D4中,流媒体服务器将实时视频流媒体数据发送给因特网或局域网中的路由器;路由器以组播方式将从单台流媒体服务器接收的实时视频流媒体数据同时向多个客户端连续发送。 Said step D2, the streaming server may transmit a multicast address and port number to the client terminal; a step D4, the streaming server sends streaming live video data to an Internet or LAN router; multicast router manner from a single data stream real-time video streaming media server receives a plurality of simultaneously transmitted to the client continuously.

所述步骤A中,客户终端向实时视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求前,可以先执行鉴权的步骤,鉴权通过后,记录账号,实时视频资源索引服务器对该账号开始进行计费,生成CDR话单记录。 Prior to said step A, the client terminal transmits a resource request to a video real-time video resource index server, the authentication step may be performed first, and after the authentication is passed, the account records, real-time video resource index server starts charging the account, generated CDR call detail records.

可以根据不同的计费策略生成CDR话单;如果采用按时间流量计费的方式,则由流媒体服务器在结束向客户终发送实时视频流媒体数据时,向视频资源索引服务器上报该客户端播放实时视频的时间和流量信息,视频资源索引服务器据此生成CDR话单记录。 CDR CDR can be generated according to different charging policies; if time-metered manner, by the streaming media server at the end of a final send live video streaming data to the client, the client reports the resource index server to the video playback time traffic information and real-time video, video index server resources pursuant to generate CDR bill record.

本发明提供的第二种实现实时视频信息共享的方法,采用上述第二种实时视频信息共享系统,预先将包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息存储到了视频资源索引服务器,客户终端获得实时视频信息的过程包括以下步骤:A、客户终端向视频资源索引服务器发送实时视频请求;B、视频资源索引服务器接收到实时视频请求,获得包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;C、流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端。 A second method of the present invention provides real-time video information sharing, the above-described second real-time video information sharing system, comprising previously storing resource information in real-time video streaming media server address information to the video server resource index, real-time client terminal process the video information comprises the steps of: a, the client terminal transmits real-time video request to the video resource index server; B, a video resource index server receives real-time video request, real-time video resource information includes the streaming media server address information, and based on the real-time video transmission resource information request to the real-time video streaming server; C, real-time video streaming server according to the request, the video information received from the imaging means generate real-time video streaming data to the client terminal displays.

其中,所述的客户终端可以为移动通信终端;所述步骤A中,移动通信终端通过移动通信网向视频资源索引服务器发送实时视频请求;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器通过TCP/IP协议或SIP协议向流媒体服务器转发实时视频请求;所述步骤C中,流媒体服务器通过视频资源索引服务器将实时视频流媒体数据通过移动通信网发送给移动通信终端。 Wherein the client terminal may be a mobile communication terminal; the step A, the mobile communication terminal transmits a video request to the real-time video resource index server through a mobile communication network; the step B, the video resource index server via TCP / IP protocol, or SIP protocol to forward the request to the real-time video streaming server; the step C, the streaming server transmits the server resource index through a video streaming live video data through a mobile communication network to the mobile communication terminal.

所述步骤A中,移动通信终端可以向移动通信网络中的短消息中心发送实时视频请求短消息,短消息中心将该短消息转换为视频资源索引服务器能够接收的数据,转发给视频资源索引服务器;所述步骤C中,视频资源索引服务器将从流媒体服务器接收的实时视频流媒体数据发送给移动通信网络中的多媒体消息中心,多媒体消息中心将实时视频流媒体数据转换为多媒体消息,发送给移动通信终端。 Said step A, the mobile communication terminal to the mobile communication network may send the short message center live video request message, the short message service center a short message into the video data server capable of receiving resource index is forwarded to the video resource index server ; the step C, the video server resource index from the stream media server receives real-time video streaming data transmitted to the mobile communication network, the multimedia message center, the multimedia message center streaming live video data into a multimedia message, sent to the The mobile communication terminal.

所述的视频资源索引服务器可以进一步存储一个或多个视频广告数据; The video server resource index may further store one or more video advertisement data;

所述步骤B中,实时视频资源索引服务器先向客户终端返回一个视频广告数据,在播放视频广告数据同时或播放后,根据实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器转发实时视频请求。 The step B, the resource index server Xianxiang live video client terminal returns a video advertisement data, advertisement data, after playing the video while playing or forwards a request to the real-time video streaming server resource information according to real-time video.

所述实时视频资源信息中还可以包括实时视频资源的类型信息,所述存储的每个视频广告数据与至少一个所述类型相关;所述步骤B中,实时视频资源索引服务器从客户终端请求的实时视频资源的类型相关的视频广告数据中选取一个发送给客户终端。 The real-time video resource information may further include real-time video type information resources, each of said stored video advertisement data associated with said at least one type; the step B, the resource index server requesting real-time video from the client terminal video advertising data related to the type of real-time video to select a resource to the client terminal.

可以进一步在系统中设置一个或多个存储视频广告数据的广告视频服务器;各个广告视频服务器与所述视频资源索引服务器相连,且视频资源索引服务器存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器接收到客户终端发送的视频资源请求后,根据广告视频服务器的地址信息将该请求转发给一个广告视频服务器,广告视频服务器通过视频资源索引服务器将一个视频广播数据发送给客户终端;并在播放视频广告数据同时或播放后,获得实时视频资源信息,根据该实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器转发实时视频请求。 In the system may be further provided with one or more advertisement video storing video data of the advertisement server; advertisement video server is connected to the respective video server resource index, and the address information of the video server stores each resource index advertisement video server; said step B after, the video server receives a video resource index resource request sent by the client terminal, forwarding the address information of the advertisement video server a request to the advertisement video server, a video server transmits advertisement video broadcast the video data to the client by the resource index server the terminal; and when simultaneously playing the video data or displays the advertisement, real-time video resource information, forwarding the request to the real-time video streaming server resource information based on the real-time video.

可以进一步在系统中包含带摄像头的移动通信终端;所述带摄像头的移动通信终端与流媒体服务器经由移动通信网络中的WAP网关建立流媒体数据传输通道,并将摄像头拍摄的实时视频数据通过该数据传输通道,上传到流媒体服务器。 May further comprise a mobile communication terminal with a camera in the system; the mobile communication terminal with a camera and streaming server to establish the streaming media data transmission channels via the mobile communication network, WAP gateway, real-time video data and the camera captured through the data transmission channel, uploaded to the streaming server.

由上述的技术方案可见,本发明的第一种实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法,在系统中设置一个视频资源索引服务器,其与各个生成实时视频信息的流媒体服务器相连,接收并存储流媒体服务器发送的实时视频资源信息,各个客户终端通过访问实时视频资源索引服务器,来获取实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息到相应的流媒体服务器下载并播放实时视频信息,实现了各种实时视频信息的集中共享。 Seen from the above technical solution, the first real-time video system and method of the present invention to achieve sharing information is provided in a video server system resource index, each of which is connected to generate real-time video streaming server, and stores the received stream Real-time video resource information media sent by the server, each client terminal by accessing real-time video resource index server, to obtain real-time video resource information, and based on the real-time video resource information to the corresponding streaming media server to download and play real-time video information to achieve various kind of centralized shared real-time video information.

本发明的第二种实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法,也在系统中设置一个视频资源索引服务器,其与各个生成实时视频信息的流媒体服务器相连,接收并存储流媒体服务器发送的实时视频资源信息,各个客户终端向实时视频资源索引服务器请求实时视频,视频资源索引服务器根据实时视频资源信息到流媒体服务器获得实时视频转发给各个客户终端,实现了各种实时视频信息的集中共享。 A second system and method of the present invention enables real-time video information sharing system is also provided a video resource index server, each of which is connected to generate real-time video streaming server, the streaming media is received and stored in real-time video transmission server resource information, each client terminal to request real-time video real-time video resource index server, video streaming resource index server to each client terminal server to obtain real-time video transmission to the real-time video information resources, to achieve a centralized share a variety of real-time video information.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为现有技术视频监控系统结构示意图;图2为本发明第一较佳实施例的实时视频共享系统结构示意图;图3为图2所示实施例中,未包含广告视频服务器情况下的实现实时视频共享的处理流程;图4为图2所示实施例中,包含广告视频服务器情况下的实现实时视频共享的处理流程;图5为图2所示实施例中,客户终端到流媒体服务器下载实时视频数据的具体处理流程;图6为本发明第二较佳实施例的实时视频共享系统结构示意图;图7为图6所示实施例中,客户终端订阅实时视频状态信息的处理流程;图8为本发明第三较佳实施例的实时视频共享系统结构示意图;图9为本发明第四较佳实施例的实时视频共享系统结构示意图;图10为图9所示实施例中,实现实时视频共享的处理流程。 1 is a schematic structure of the prior art video surveillance system; schematic view live video sharing system configuration of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2; FIG. 3 is a view of the embodiment shown in FIG 2, the server does not comprise the case where the advertisement video real-time video sharing processing flow; FIG. 4 is the embodiment shown in Figure 2, comprises a real-time video advertisement video server in the case of shared processing flow; FIG. 5 is shown in FIG. 2 embodiment, the streaming media to the client terminal real-time video sharing system schematic configuration diagram of a second preferred embodiment 6 of the present invention;; server to download real time video data of FIG. 7 is a detailed processing flow of the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the client terminal subscribed real-time video processing flow status information ; Figure 8 is a schematic view of the structure of real-time video sharing system of the third preferred embodiment of the present invention; schematic diagram of a fourth preferred embodiment real-time video sharing system configuration diagram of the embodiment 9 of the present invention; FIG. 10 is shown in FIG. 9 embodiment, real-time video sharing processes.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

为使本发明的目的技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下参照附图并举实施例,对本发明进一步详细说明。 For purposes of the present technical solution and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further described in detail. 本发明所说实时视频中的“实时”是广义的,不仅仅是绝对实时的,还包括准实时的,实时视频在应用中都是存在一定延时的,但是在一定范围内,如几秒或者几分钟的延迟都是可以允许的,以下对本发明提供的两种实现实时视频信息共享的系统和方法,分别进行说明。 The present invention, said real-time video in "real time" is a broad, not only the absolute real-time, near real-time further comprising, real-time video applications are in the presence of a certain delay, but within a certain range, such as several seconds or a delay of several minutes are permissible, the present invention provides the following two systems and methods of real-time video sharing information, it will be described separately.

本发明的第一种实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法,在系统中设置一个视频资源索引服务器,接收并存储流媒体服务器发送的实时视频资源信息,各个客户终端通过访问实时视频资源索引服务器,来获取实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息到相应的流媒体服务器下载并播放实时视频信息,实现了各种实时视频信息的集中共享。 A first real-time video system and method of the present invention to achieve sharing information is provided in a video server system resource index, receiving and storing live video streaming server sends a media resource information, each client terminal by accessing the real-time video server resource index, resource information to obtain real-time video, real-time video and download in accordance with the resource information to the corresponding streaming media server and play real-time video information to achieve a variety of centralized shared real-time video information.

本发明的第二种实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法,也在系统中设置一个视频资源索引服务器,接收并存储流媒体服务器发送的实时视频资源信息,各个客户终端向实时视频资源索引服务器请求实时视频,视频资源索引服务器根据实时视频资源信息到流媒体服务器获得实时视频转发给各个客户终端,实现了各种实时视频信息的集中共享。 A second system and method of the present invention enables real-time video information sharing system is also provided a video resource index server receives and stores the streaming media server real-time video transmission resource information, each client terminal requests the server to the real-time video resource index real-time video, video streaming resource index server to each client terminal server to obtain real-time video transmission to the real-time video information resources, to achieve a centralized share a variety of real-time video information.

首先,举三个较佳实施例对第一种实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法进行详细说明。 First, for the first three preferred embodiments of a system and method to realize real-time video sharing information described in detail.

参见图2,图2为本发明第一较佳实施例的实时视频共享系统结构示意图。 Real-time video system structure diagram see FIG. 2, FIG. 2 is a first preferred embodiment of the invention sharing. 该系统包含:摄像装置201、流媒体服务器202、视频资源索引服务器203、客户终端204和可选的广告视频服务器205。 The system comprising: an imaging device 201, the streaming server 202, a video resource index server 203, the client terminal 204 and optional advertisement video server 205.

流媒体服务器202与一个或多个摄像装置202相连,将包含该流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息存储到视频资源索引服务器203;并在接收到实时视频请求后,将从摄像装置201接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据,并将该实时视频流媒体数据通过因特网210播放给客户终端204。 Streaming media server 202 with one or more imaging devices 202 connected to the streaming media server that contains the address of the live video to the video resource information storage resource index server 203; and after receiving the request for real-time video, received from the imaging device 201 video information generating real-time video streaming data, and the real-time video streaming over the Internet 210 displays the data to the client terminal 204.

视频资源索引服务器203与一个或多个流媒体服务器202分别相连,存储从各个流媒体服务器接收的实时视频资源信息;接收客户终端204通过因特网210发送的视频资源请求,并根据用户需要,将包含流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息,通过因特网210返回给客户终端204。 Video resource index server 203 to one or more streaming media server 202 are respectively connected to live video received from the resource information stored in the respective streaming media server; receiving client terminal 204 through a video resource request sent by the Internet 210, and according to user needs, comprising real-time video streaming media server resource information address 210 is returned to the client terminal 204 via the Internet.

客户终端204根据用户需要通过因特网210向视频资源索引服务器203发送视频资源请求,接收视频资源索引服务器203返回的实时视频资源信息,根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息向流媒体服务器202发送实时视频请求,并接收流媒体服务器202播放的实时视频流媒体数据。 The client terminal 204 according to user needs 210203 sent via the Internet to the video resource index server video resource request, a real-time video resource information of the video resource index server 203 returns, 202 send real-time to the streaming media server according to the address information of the real time video resource information video request and receive real-time video streaming server 202. streaming media data playback.

本实施例中的广告视频服务器205是可选设备,系统中可以有也可以没有,可以有一个也可以有多个。 Examples advertisement video server 205 is an optional device of the present embodiment, the system may or may not, there may be a plurality. 当系统中包含广告视频服务器205时,各个广告视频服务器205与所述视频资源索引服务器203相连,且视频资源索引服务器203存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息。 When the system contains a video advertisement server 205, the server 205 each advertisement video to the video server 203 is connected to a resource index, and the address information of the video server 203 stores each resource index advertisement video server. 这种情况下:视频资源索引服务器203在接收到客户终端204发送的视频资源请求后,将该请求和实时视频资源信息转发给一个广告视频服务器205,并将广告视频服务器的地址信息发送给客户终端204。 In this case: the video resource index server 203 after receiving a video resource request sent by the client terminal 204, the request resource information and real-time video advertisement video is forwarded to a server 205, and transmits the address information to the client advertisement video server terminal 204.

客户终端204先通过因特网210到所述广告视频服务器205下载视频广告数据,并通过因特网210接收广告视频服务器205在视频广告数据下载后发送的实时视频资源信息;根据该实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器202发送实时视频请求。 210 to the client terminal 204 to the server 205 to download a video advertisement video advertisement data via the Internet, and Internet server 210 receives the advertisement video real-time video transmission resource information 205 after the data download video advertisements; according to the real-time video streaming resource information server 202 transmits real time video request.

本实施例中,客户终端204是通过因特网210与视频资源索引服务器203和流媒体服务器202进行通信,实际应用中,还可以通过局域网或其他网络进行通信。 In this embodiment, the client terminal 204 is the resource index and the video server 203 and streaming server 202 communicate through the Internet 210, actual applications, also may communicate over a LAN or other network. 本实施例中的流媒体服务器202和视频资源索引服务器203及广告视频服务器205之间都可以通过TCP/IP协议或SIP协议等网络通信协议进行通信。 Between this embodiment and the streaming media server 202 and a video resource index server 203 in this embodiment an advertisement video server 205 can communicate via TCP / IP protocol or the SIP protocol network communication protocol.

参见图3,图3为图2所示实施例中,未包含广告视频服务器情况下的实现实时视频共享的处理流程。 Referring to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is the embodiment shown in Figure 2, real-time video is not included in the advertisement video processing flow shared server case. 该流程包括以下步骤:步骤301,客户终端向视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求。 The process comprises the following steps: Step 301, the client terminal transmits a resource request to the video server video resource index.

步骤302,视频资源索引服务器接收到视频资源请求,获得包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息,并将该实时视频资源信息返回给客户终端。 Step 302, the video resource index server receives a video resource request, resource information includes real-time video streaming media server address information, and returns the information to the real-time video resources to the client terminal.

步骤303,客户终端根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 Step 303, the client terminal transmits a request to the real-time video streaming server according to the address information of the resource information in real time video.

步骤304,流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求,从摄像装置采集视频信息,并将视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据。 Step 304, real-time video streaming server according to the request, capture video information from the imaging means, and video information generating real-time video streaming data.

本步骤中,流媒体服务器可以将从摄像装置接收的视频信息压缩编码为流媒体格式,如果摄像装置包括拾音器,则流媒体服务器还将音频进行一起压缩编码,生成实时视频流媒体数据。 In this step, the video stream from the media server may receive the imaging means is compression-encoded streaming media format, if the imaging apparatus includes a pickup, the streaming server also with audio compression coding, generating a real-time video streaming data.

步骤305,流媒体服务器向客户终端播放实时视频流媒体数据。 In step 305, the streaming media server to play real-time video streaming data to the client terminal.

本实施例中客户终端发送的实时视频请求中可以包含客户终端的地址信息,本步骤可以为:流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求中的地址信息,将时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端。 Address information on the client terminal requesting real-time video transmission may be included in the client terminal in the present embodiment, this step may be: the media server streaming video request according to address information in real time, the video data playing streaming media to the client terminal.

本实施例中,视频资源索引服务器存储和发送给客户终端的实时视频资源信息除了包含所述的流媒体服务器地址信息外,还可以包含:实时视频资源状态信息、实时视频资源位置信息、实时视频资源类别信息、实时视频资源操控信息中的一种或多种。 In this embodiment, the video server stores resource index and the real-time video transmission resource information to the client terminal in addition to including the address information of the streaming media server, may further comprise: resource status information in real-time video, real-time video resource location information, real-time video resource category information, manipulate information in one or more real-time video resources.

当实时视频资源信息包含实时视频资源的状态信息时:所述的流媒体服务器进一步将实时视频资源的状态信息实时更新到视频资源索引服务器;上述步骤303中,客户终端根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息和状态信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 When the real-time status information of the real-time video resource information includes video resource: the streaming media server is further resource status information updated in real time live video to the video server resource index; and the step 303, the client terminal according to the real-time video resource information address and status information request to send real-time video streaming server.

其中,流媒体服务器将实时视频资源的状态信息存储到视频资源索引服务器的方法可以为:流媒体服务器接收视频资源索引服务器按预先设定的时间间隔发送的状态信息请求,按照该请求向视频资源索引服务器返回状态信息;视频资源索引服务器用接收的状态信息进行更新。 Wherein the streaming server stores status information in real time of video assets to the video server resource index may be a method of: receiving a video streaming server resource index server status information request according to a predetermined transmission time interval, according to the resource request to the video index returns state information in the server; the status information received by the video server resource index is updated. 或者,当实时视频资源的状态信息发生变化时,所述流媒体服务器向视频资源索引服务器更新最新的实时视频资源状态信息。 Or, when the status of real-time video resources of information changes, the streaming media server is updated with the latest real-time video to the video resource status information resource index server.

本实施例中,实时视频资源状态信息可以包含资源是否可用、该实时视频资源当前访问人数或负荷信息、以及该实时视频资源的实时摘要图片,在上述步骤302中,视频资源索引服务器接收到实时视频资源的请求时,先检测该实时视频资源的访问人数或负荷;当检测到访问人数或负荷达到预先设定的上限时,按一定时间间隔向流媒体服务器请求实时摘要图片;并在接收到流媒体服务器返回的实时摘要图片后,将其加入实时视频资源状态信息发送给用户终端;当访问人数或负荷降到低于预先设定的上限时,视频资源索引服务器通知客户终端到流媒体服务器获取实时视频流媒体数据。 In this embodiment, real-time video resource status information may include whether the resources are available, the number of the current access to the live video resources or load information, and real-time Abstract image of the real-time video assets, in step 302, the video resource index server receives real-time video resource request, to the load or the number of detected access real-time video resource; the number of visits or when the detected load reaches the upper limit set in advance, at regular intervals in real time request to the streaming server digest image; and receiving after the return of real-time streaming media server summary picture, video resources will add real-time status information to the user terminal; when the number of visits or load drops below the upper limit set in advance, the video resource index server notifies the client terminal to the streaming media server get real-time video streaming data.

在实际应用中,在视频资源索引服务器按一定时间间隔向流媒体服务器请求实时摘要图片之前,视频资源索引服务器可以将当前存储的该实时视频资源的最新一张或多张图片、显示图片对应的时间发送给用户终端。 In practical applications, the real-time video resource before the resource index server request real-time video images to the streaming media server summary at regular intervals, a video resource index server may be currently stored in the latest one or more images, display pictures corresponding time to the user terminal.

本实施例中,实时视频资源状态信息可以只包含资源是否可用及该实时视频资源当前访问人数或负荷信息;当所述流媒体服务器检测到访问人数或负荷达到预先设定的上限时,或在播放流媒体数据一定时间后,改为按一定时间间隔向客户终端发送实时图片。 In this embodiment, real-time video information may include resource state only if resources are available and the number of real-time video or resource load information of the current access; streaming media server, when the number of detected access or load reaches the upper limit set in advance, or after a certain time to play streaming media data, changed at regular intervals to send real-time images to the client terminal.

当实时视频资源信息包括实时视频资源位置信息时:视频资源索引服务器按实时视频资源位置信息进行索引,并按所述位置信息,将实时视频资源与地图上的位置对应起来,并在上述步骤302中,将在对应位置标注了实时视频资源的地图包含在实时视频资源信息中发送给客户终端;当实时视频资源信息包括实时视频资源类别信息时:视频资源索引服务器按实时视频资源类别信息进行索引,生成实时视频资源索引目录,并在上述步骤302中,将该目录包含在实时视频资源信息中发送给客户终端;当实时视频资源信息包括实时视频资源操控信息时:上述步骤302中,视频资源索引服务器还对可操控状态的实时视频资源,向客户终端发送视频操控界面,接收用户输入的操控指令,并将操控指令传送给流媒体服务器,流媒体服务器根据该操控指令对实时视频资源 When the real-time video resource information includes resource location information of real-time video: the video server resource index according to the real-time video index information resource location, press the location information, the location on the map in real time in association with video resources, and in step 302 , the mark of real-time video resources in the corresponding location map contains sent to the client terminal in real-time video resource information; when the real-time video resource information including real-time video resource category information: video resource index server indexed by real-time video resource category information generating real-time video resource index directory, and in step 302, the directory to the client terminal comprising a video resource information in real time; when the real-time video resource information includes real-time video manipulation information resource: the above-described step 302, the video resource index server also can be manipulated in real time the state of video resources, the client terminal sends a video control interface, receiving a control instruction input by a user, and control instructions to the streaming server, the streaming server in real time according to the video resource control instruction 应的摄像装置进行相应的操控。 Imaging means corresponding to the respective control.

例如:摄像装置包含轨道及可在轨道上运行的摄像头,则所述的操控指令包括在轨道上运行的操控指令,流媒体服务器根据该操控指令对实时视频资源对应的摄像装置的摄像头进行轨道上运行操控。 For example: the imaging device includes a track and a camera that can run on the track, then the manipulation instructions comprising control instructions running on the track, the streaming server for the upper rail according to the camera imaging device according to the control instruction for real-time video resources corresponding to run control.

另外,当一个实时视频资源正在被操控时,视频资源索引服务器可以将该实时视频资源的操控信息设置为锁定状态,拒绝其他客户终端发送的操控指令。 Further, when a real-time video resources are being manipulated, the video resource index server can manipulate the information provided to the real-time video resource locked state, reject control commands sent by the other client terminals.

本实施例中,在不包含广告视频服务器的情况下,可以由视频资源服务器来实现先播放视频广告数据,再请求实时视频。 In the present embodiment, is not included in the advertisement video server, the video may be implemented by the resource server to play video advertisement data, before requesting real-time video.

具体来说,可以在视频资源索引服务器存储一个或多个视频广告数据。 Specifically, the video data in the resource index server stores one or more video ads. 在上述步骤302中,实时视频资源索引服务器在向客户终端返回实时视频资源信息时,通知客户终端先到实时视频资源索引服务器下载一个视频广告数据。 In step 302, the resource index server real-time video in real-time video resources when the terminal returns information to the client, notify the client terminal First real-time video resource index server to download a video ad data. 在上述步骤302后,步骤303之前,客户终端先根据通知向实时视频资源索引服务器下载视频广告数据,在播放视频广告数据同时或播放后,再执行步骤303。 After the above step 302, before step 303, the client terminal to download real-time video data to the video ad server resource index according to the notification, after playing at the same time or play video ad data, and then the step 303.

如果实时视频资源信息中还包括了实时视频资源的类型信息,则可以将存储的每个视频广告数据与至少一个类型相关,这样上述步骤302中,实时视频资源索引服务器就可以从客户终端请求的实时视频资源的类型相关的视频广告数据中选取一个,通知客户终端下载该视频广告数据。 If the real-time video resource information further includes type information of a real-time video resource, each video may be stored advertisement data associated with at least one type, so that the above-described step 302, real-time video resource index server may request from the client terminal video advertising data related to the type of real-time video to select a resource to inform the client terminal to download the video ad data.

再有,本实施例中还可以实现对使用视频共享服务的用户进行计费。 Further, the present embodiment may also be implemented on the user using the video sharing service for billing purposes. 具体方法为:在上述步骤301中,客户终端向实时视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求前,可以先执行鉴权的步骤:客户终端先向视频资源索引服务器发送账号密码,视频资源索引服务器将之与保存的账号密码信息核对鉴权,鉴权通过后,记录账号,对该账号开始进行计费,生成CDR话单记录。 Specific methods: In the above step 301, the client terminal transmits a resource index to a real-time video before the video server resource request, may be performed before the step of authentication: Xianxiang video client terminal account password transmission resource index server, the video server to the resource index save account information and password authentication check, after authentication by recording the account, the account number to start billing, CDR generation bill record. 本实施例中可以根据不同的计费策略生成CDR话单,计费的策略有多种,比如可以包月计费,或按次计费,或按时间流量计费等。 The present embodiment may generate CDR record according to different charging policies, charging a variety of strategies, such as monthly billing may, or pay billing, time or meter fees. 如果采用按时间流量计费的方式,则由流媒体服务器在结束向客户终发送实时视频流媒体数据,也就是在客户终端关闭实时视频连接时,向视频资源索引服务器上报该客户端播放实时视频的时间和流量信息,视频资源索引服务器据此生成CDR话单记录。 If a time-metered manner, by the streaming media server at the end of a final send live video streaming data to the client, the client is real-time video connection terminal is closed, the client reports the live video to the video playback resource index server time and traffic information, video resource index server accordingly generate CDR bill record. 当然,对不同的实时视频资源还可以设置不同的计费策略。 Of course, different real-time video resources can also set different charging policies.

参见图4,图4为图2所示实施例中,包含广告视频服务器情况下的实现实时视频共享的处理流程。 Referring to FIG. 4, FIG. 4 is the embodiment shown in Figure 2, comprises a real-time video advertisement video server in the case of shared processing flow. 该流程包括以下步骤:步骤401,客户终端向视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求。 The process comprises the following steps: Step 401, the client terminal transmits a resource request to the video server video resource index.

步骤402,视频资源索引服务器接收到视频资源请求,获得包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息,并将该请求和实时视频资源信息转发给一个广告视频服务器。 Step 402, the video resource index server receives a video resource request, resource information includes real-time video streaming media server address information, and forwards the resource request and real-time video information to a video advertisement server.

步骤403,视频资源索引服务器将广告视频服务器的地址信息发送给客户终端。 In step 403, a video resource index server sends the address information of the advertisement video server to the client terminal.

步骤404,客户终端根据广告视频服务器的地址信息到广告视频服务器下载视频广告数据,并接收广告视频服务器在视频广告数据下载后发送的实时视频资源信息。 Step 404, the client terminal to the server to download a video advertisement video advertisement data according to the address information of the advertisement video server, a video server and receiving real-time video advertisement information sent in the resource advertisement video data download.

步骤405,客户终端根据从广告视频服务器接收的实时视频资源信息中的流媒体服务器地址信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 Step 405, the client terminal transmits a request to the real-time video streaming server according to the real-time video streaming server address received from the resource information in the advertisement video information server.

步骤406,流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求,从摄像装置采集视频信息,并将视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据。 Step 406, real-time video streaming server according to the request, capture video information from the imaging means, and video information generating real-time video streaming data.

步骤407,流媒体服务器向客户终端播放实时视频流媒体数据。 In step 407, the streaming media server to play real-time video streaming data to the client terminal.

本实施例中,流媒体的播放采用组播方式,网络中的路由器可以一次将数据包复制到多个通道上,实现单台服务器能够对多个客户终端同时连续发送数据流。 In this embodiment, the streaming media player multicast mode, a network router can be copied to a plurality of packet data channels, a single server can be realized while the terminal continuously transmits a plurality of data streams to clients. 流媒体服务器只需要发送一个信息包,而不是多个,所有发出请求的客户终端共享同一信息包。 Streaming server only needs to send a packet, rather than a plurality, all customers share the same terminal requesting packet. 流媒体数据可以发送到任意地址的客户终端,能够减少网络上传输的信息包的总量。 Streaming data may be sent to any address of the client terminal, the transmission amount of packets on the network can be reduced. 因此,网络利用效率能够大大提高,成本大为下降。 Therefore, network utilization efficiency can be greatly improved, the cost dropped significantly. 而且多个客户终端请求的都是实时视频,即使客户终端不是同时访问流媒体服务器的,流媒体服务器也可以播放相同的内容给各客户终端,这个特点使实时视频业务很适合组播。 And a plurality of client terminal requests the video in real time, even if the client terminal is not accessing streaming media server at the same time, streaming media server can also play the same content to each client terminal, this feature makes it suitable for real-time multicast video services.

具体方法参见图5,图5为图2所示实施例中,客户终端到流媒体服务器下载实时视频数据的具体处理流程。 Specific methods see FIG. 5, FIG. 5 embodiment is illustrated in FIG. 2, the specific process flow of the client terminal to the streaming media server to download real time video data. 该流程包括以下步骤:步骤501,流媒体服务器启动视频线程对视频信息进行采集。 The process comprises the following steps: Step 501, the server starts streaming video thread capture video information.

本实施例中,流媒体服务器可以同时启动视频、音频两个线程分别对视频及音频进行采集,放入视(音)频缓冲区。 In this embodiment, the streaming server can simultaneously activate the video, audio, video and two audio threads are collected, placed in visual (sound) frequency buffer.

步骤502,流媒体服务器收到客户终端发送的连接请求,建立TCP连接信令通道。 Step 502, the streaming media server receives a connection request sent by the client terminal, the signaling channel to establish a TCP connection.

步骤503,流媒体服务器通过信令通道,向客户终端发送组播地址及端口号。 Step 503, the streaming server via the signaling channel, transmitting the multicast address and port number to the client terminal.

本实施例中,如果即有视频也有音频,则发送二组组播地址及端口号,分别对应视频及音频两个线程。 In this embodiment, if there are audio video i.e., the second group transmits multicast address and port number, respectively corresponding to video and audio two threads.

步骤504,客户终端在接收到组播地址及端口号后,启动视频接收线程。 Step 504, the client terminal after receiving the multicast address and port number, start the video receiving thread.

如果即有视频也有音频,启动视频和音频两个接收线程。 If that is the video also audio, video and audio start receiving two threads.

步骤505,客户终端与流媒体服务器建立UDP数据通道。 Step 505, the client terminal establishes a data channel with UDP streaming server.

步骤506,流媒体服务器将视(音)频进行压缩编码后通过建立的UDP数据通道组播发送给客户终端。 Step 506, the streaming server transmits the visual (sound) frequency compression-encoded data to the client terminal via UDP multicast channel established.

步骤507,客户终端接收压缩视频包并解码显示播放。 In step 507, the client terminal receives the packet and decodes compressed video playback display.

当然,实际应用中也可以采用单播方式来播放流媒体数据,具体过程与图5所示基本相同,本领域技术人员很容易实现,这里不再赘述。 Of course, the actual application may be unicast to play streaming media data, and the specific procedure shown in FIG. 5 is substantially the same, those skilled in the art will readily implement, is not repeated here.

本实施例可以采用互联网WEB方式实现,视频资源索引服务器运行WWW服务以网页显示实时视频资源信息,用户在客户终端上使用WEB浏览器通过互联网访问视频资源索引服务器。 This embodiment can be used to achieve the WEB Internet, video resource index server running the WWW service displays real-time video to web resources information, users WEB browser on the client terminal to access video resource index server via the Internet. 另外,每个实时视频资源还可以对应一个BBS论坛,视频资源索引服务器显示实时视频资源信息时,同时显示该实时视频资源对应BBS论坛的信息,如用户的留言记录。 In addition, each real-time video resources may also correspond to a BBS forum, video resource index server resource information display real-time video, real-time video also shows the resource association information BBS forums, such as the user's message records.

本发明的第一种实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法还可以采用即时状态业务集成的方式来实现,具体可以有两种方式来实现,第一种实现方式参见图6,图6为本发明第二较佳实施例的实时视频共享系统结构示意图。 A first real-time video system and method of the present invention to achieve the sharing of information may also be used for real time status of services in an integrated manner to achieve, specifically in two ways, a first way to achieve Referring to FIG. 6, FIG. 6 of the present invention Live video of the second preferred embodiment of a schematic structure sharing system. 本实施例是在图2所示第一较佳实施例的基础上,进行了改进。 This embodiment is based on embodiment shown in FIG. 2 of the first preferred embodiment, it has been improved. 该系统结构与图2所述系统结构和功能基本相同,区别在于:在系统中设置了与视频资源索引服务器203相连的即时状态服务器606,并在视频资源索引服务器203设置了即时状态客户端单元607,在各个客户终端204中设置了即时状态客户端单元600。 The system configuration of FIG. 2 the structure and function is substantially the same, except that: the immediate state of the server is provided with the video server 203 is connected to the resource index in the system 606, the resource index and the video server 203 is provided for real time status of the client unit 607, terminal 204 is provided in the real-time status of each client unit 600 in the client.

本实施例中的流媒体服务器202,除了具有第一实施例中的功能外,还进一步将实时视频资源的状态信息实时更新到视频资源索引服务器203;流媒体服务器202是向客户终端204中的即时状态客户端单元600播放实时视频流媒体数据。 Examples streaming server 202 of the present embodiment, in addition to the function in the first embodiment, the further real-time video resource status information updated in real time to the video resource index server 203; 202 is a streaming media server to the client terminal 204 in real-time status of the client unit 600 to play real-time video streaming data.

本实施例中的视频资源索引服务器203,除了具有第一实施例中的功能外,其中的即时状态客户端单元607在即时状态服务器606上注册存储了每个实时视频资源的名称、地理位置等信息,并接受即时状态服务器606分配的即时状态业务标识信息,且视频资源索引服务器203通过即时状态客户端单元607不断将每个实时视频资源的状态信息更新到即时状态服务器606上。 Examples video resource index server 203 according to the present embodiment, in addition to the function in the first embodiment, the immediate state where the client unit 607 on a real-time status register 606 stores the name of the server in real-time for each video asset, location, etc. information, and receive real-time status of real-time status distribution server 606 service identification information, and the video resource index server 203 client unit 607 will continue to resource status information for each real-time video updates on the status of the server 606 via instant real-time status. 这里的即时状态业务标识信息可以是即时状态业务号码或统一资源标识URI,例如:SIP:video8@abcd.com。 Here the real-time status information can be immediate service identification number or business status Uniform Resource Identifier URI, for example: SIP: video8@abcd.com.

客户终端204中的即时状态客户端单元600记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,例如:将对应实时视频资源的即时状态业务号码或统一资源标识URI加入到联系人列表,到即时状态服务器606订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息,客户终端204根据该业务标识信息请求视频资源。 Instant state of the instant state of the client 600 each time video recording state of the resource unit of the client terminal 204 in the service identification information, for example: Real-time video corresponding instantaneous state of the resource or service number is added to the Uniform Resource Identifier URI contact lists, instant state Subscription server 606 the identification information corresponding to the real-time video resource status information, the client terminal 204 requests a video resources according to the service identification information.

即时状态服务器606接收客户终端204中即时状态客户端单元600的订阅请求,根据该请求,将客户终端600订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端204中的即时状态客户端单元600。 Instantaneous state server 606 receives the client terminal 204 in a state the instant client subscription request unit 600, according to the request, the client terminal subscription status in real time video resource 600 returns information to the client terminal 204 in the immediate state of the client unit 600.

本实施例中的其他装置的工作原理和实现方法与图2所示实施例完全相同,这里不再重复说明。 Working principle of another embodiment of the present apparatus and method to achieve the same as illustrated in FIG. 2 embodiment, explanation is not repeated here. 以下仅对客户终端订阅实时视频状态信息的方法进行说明:参见图7,图7为图6所示实施例中,客户终端订阅实时视频状态信息的处理流程。 The only real-time video client terminal subscription state information method will be described: see FIG. 7, FIG. 7 embodiment shown in FIG. 6, for the client terminal subscribed real-time video processing flow status information. 该流程包括以下步骤:步骤700,视频资源索引服务器从流媒体服务器实时获得视频资源状态信息。 The process comprises the following steps: Step 700, the video resource index server resource status information in real-time video obtained from the streaming server.

步骤701,视频资源索引服务器将获得的视频资源状态信息实时发送给即时状态服务器。 Video resource status information in step 701, a video resource index server will get sent to the real-time status of real-time server.

步骤702,即时状态服务器更新并存储各个实时视频资源的状态信息。 Step 702, real-time status updates server and storage resources of various real-time video status information.

步骤703,客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元向即时状态服务器发送订阅实时视频状态信息请求。 Step 703, the instantaneous state of the client terminal unit in the client sends a subscription request to the real-time status information of the video server real-time status.

步骤704,即时状态服务器按订阅方式向客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元返回实时视频状态信息。 Step 704, the instantaneous state of the server client unit returns status information to the real-time video in real-time status of the client terminal by the subscription. 例如:可以定时返回,也可以在状态信息有变化时返回。 For example: the timing can be returned and to be returned in the state information changes.

第二种采用即时状态业务集成的实现方式可以参考图6,该方式与图6所示的区别在于:系统中不包含即时状态服务器606,由视频资源索引服务器203实现即时状态服务器606的功能。 The second uses real-time status of the service integration implementations may refer to FIG. 6, differs from the embodiment shown in FIG. 6 wherein: the instantaneous state of the system does not include a server 606, a video resource index server 203 implement the functions of the instantaneous state of the server 606. 具体来说:客户终端204中的即时状态客户端单元600记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,并到视频资源索引服务器203上订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息;根据实时视频资源的状态信息向流媒体服务器202发送实时视频请求。 Specifically: real-time status of each service identification information 600 recorded real-time video resource state of the instant status of the client unit of the client terminal 204, and the video server 203 subscribe to the resource index identifier information corresponding to the real-time status information of the video asset; The real-time status information of the video asset request 202 to send real-time video streaming server.

视频资源索引服务器203进一步接收客户终端204的即时状态客户端单元600的订阅请求,根据该请求,将客户终端204订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端204中的即时状态客户端单元600。 Video resource index server 203 further receives the client terminal 204 of the instant status of the client unit subscription request 600, according to the request, the status information in real time video resource of the client terminal 204 to subscribe returned to the client terminal 204 in real time status of the client unit 600 .

流媒体服务器202向客户终端204中的即时状态客户端单元600播放实时视频流媒体数据。 Streaming server 202 to the client terminal 204 in real time status of the client unit 600 displays the real time video streaming data.

参见图8,图8为本发明第三较佳实施例的实时视频共享系统结构示意图。 Referring to Figure 8, a third preferred embodiment of the real-time video sharing system configuration of FIG. 8 a schematic view of the present disclosure. 本实施例也是在图2所示第一较佳实施例的基础上,进行了改进。 On the basis of the present embodiment is also shown in FIG. 2 of the first preferred embodiment, it has been improved. 该系统结构与图2所述系统结构和功能基本相同,区别在于:该系统还包含带有摄像头801的移动通信终端802。 The system configuration of FIG. 2 the structure and function is substantially the same, except that: the system further comprises a mobile communication terminal 801 with a camera 802.

该带摄像头801的移动通信终端802与流媒体服务器202之间通过移动通信网络中的WAP网关803建立流媒体数据传输通道,且移动通信终端802将摄像头801拍摄的实时视频数据通过该数据传输通道,上传到流媒体服务器202。 The mobile communication terminal 802 and the streaming media server that with a camera 801 is established 803 between 202 via a mobile communication network, WAP gateway streaming media data transmission channel, and the mobile communication terminal 802 in real-time video camera 801 captured by the data transmission channel uploaded to the streaming media server 202.

移动通信终端802在向流媒体服务器202发送流媒体开始时,发送实时视频的标题和说明等信息,流媒体服务器202将接收到的流媒体与移动通信终端号码以及上述实时视频的标题和说明等信息建立关联并保存,将上述移动通信终端号码等信息作为实时视频资源信息存储到视频资源索引服务器203中。 The mobile communication terminal 802 in 202 sends stream title and description streaming of the mobile communication terminal number of the media at the start, sending live video title and description information, the streaming media server 202 received and the live video and the like to the streaming server and information stored in association, to the mobile communication terminal number information such as real-time video to the video resource information storage resource index server 203.

本实施例中的其他装置的工作原理和实现方法与图2所示实施例完全相同,这里不再重复说明。 Working principle of another embodiment of the present apparatus and method to achieve the same as illustrated in FIG. 2 embodiment, explanation is not repeated here.

然后,举一个较佳实施例对第二种实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法进行详细说明。 Then, for a second preferred embodiment of the method for real-time video and a system for implementing information sharing will be described in detail.

本实施例是通过多媒体消息(MMS)提供实时视频业务。 The present embodiment is to provide real-time video services via multimedia message (MMS). 参见图9,图9为本发明第四较佳实施例的实时视频共享系统结构示意图。 Real-time video system structure diagram see FIG. 9, FIG. 9 is a fourth preferred embodiment of the invention sharing. 该系统包含摄像装置201、流媒体服务器202、视频资源索引服务器203、客户终端204和可选的广告视频服务器205,流媒体服务器202与一个或多个摄像装置201相连,视频资源索引服务器203通过移动通信网络中的短消息中心901和多媒体消息中心902与移动通信终端204相连。 The system comprises an imaging device 201, the streaming server 202, a video resource index server 203, the client terminal 204 and optional advertisement video server 205, the streaming server 202 connected to one or more of the imaging devices 201, a video resource index server 203 a mobile communication network short message center 901 and the multimedia message center 902 is connected to the mobile communication terminal 204.

其中,流媒体服务器202将包含该流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息存储到视频资源索引服务器203;并在接收到实时视频请求后,将从摄像装置201接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据,并将该实时视频流媒体数据通过视频资源服务器203发送给移动通信网络中的多媒体消息中心902,视频资源索引服务器203与一个或多个流媒体服务器202分别相连,存储从各个流媒体服务器202接收的实时视频资源信息;接收短消息中心901转发的实时视频请求,根据用户需要获得实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息转发给对应的流媒体服务器202,并从流媒体服务器202接收实时视频流媒体数据转发给移动通信网络中的多媒体消息中心902;短消息中心901接收到移动通信终端204发送的实时视频请求短消息,将该短消息转换为视频资源索引服务器203能 Wherein the streaming server 202 will include real-time video streaming of the media resource information storage address to the video server resource index server 203; and after receiving the request for real-time video, real-time video streaming data to generate video information received from the imaging device 201 and the real-time video streaming media data 902, the video resource index server 203 to one or more streaming media server 202 are connected through the resource server 203 transmits the video to the mobile communication network in a multimedia message center, stores the respective streaming media server 202 receiving real-time video resource information; receiving a short message real-time video requests the center 901 forwards, the user needs to obtain real-time video resource information, and forwarded to the corresponding streaming media server 202 according to the address information of the real time video resource information, and from the stream the media server 202 receives the real-time video streaming data is forwarded to the mobile communication network the multimedia message center 902; 901 short message service center 204 receives live video transmitted from the mobile communication terminal requests a short message, the short message into a video resource index server 203 can 接收的数据,转发给视频资源索引服务器203。 Data received, the resource index forwarded to the video server 203.

多媒体消息中心902接收流媒体服务器202发送的实时视频流媒体数据,转换为多媒体消息,发送给移动通信终端204。 Receiving streaming multimedia message center 902 in real-time video streaming data transmitted from the media server 202, it is converted into a multimedia message, sent to the mobile communication terminal 204.

移动通信终端204根据用户需要直接通过短消息中心901向视频资源索引服务器203发送实时视频请求,并接收视频资源索引服务器203通过多媒体消息中心902转发的实时视频流媒体数据。 The mobile communication terminal 204 transmits 203 the user needs through a short message service center 901 directly to the video request resource index server real-time video, and receives a video resource index server 203 real-time video streaming data center 902 forwards the multimedia message.

与上述图2、图6、图8所示实施例相同,本实施例中的广告视频服务器205也是可选设备,系统中可以有也可以没有,可以有一个也可以有多个。 The above-described FIG. 2, FIG. 6, FIG. 8 embodiment, and the present embodiment a video advertisement server 205 in the embodiment is also optional devices, the system may or may not, there may be a plurality. 当系统中包含广告视频服务器205时,各个广告视频服务器205与所述视频资源索引服务器203相连,且视频资源索引服务器203存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息。 When the system contains a video advertisement server 205, the server 205 each advertisement video to the video server 203 is connected to a resource index, and the address information of the video server 203 stores each resource index advertisement video server. 这种情况下:视频资源索引服务器203接收到移动通信终端204通过短消息中心901发送的实时视频请求后,将该请求转发给一个广告视频服务器205;并在接收到广告视频服务器205发送完广告数据的通知后,根据用户需要获得实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息将该实时视频请求转发给对应的流媒体服务器202。 In this case: the video resource index server 203 receives the mobile communication terminal 204 requests the video in real time through the short message center 901, the request is forwarded to a video advertisement server 205; and the video server 205 receiving the advertisement sending the advertising after notification data, real-time video information resources according to user needs, and forwards the request to the real-time video streaming server 202 corresponding to the address information of the resource information in real time video.

广告视频服务器205通过视频资源索引服务器203、多媒体消息中心902向移动通信终端204发送视频广告数据,并在视频广告数据发送完后,通知视频资源索引服务器203。 Advertisement video resource index server 205 via the video server 203, the multimedia message center 902 the data to the mobile communication terminal 204 transmits video ads, and video ads after data transmission, the resource index server 203 notifies the video.

移动通信终端204通过多媒体消息中心902接收广告视频服务器205发送的视频广告数据后,接收流媒体服务器202通过多媒体消息中心902播放的实时视频流媒体数据。 After the mobile communication terminal 204 advertisement video data by the multimedia message center 902 receives the advertisement server 205 transmits the video, the streaming media server 202 receives real-time video streaming data to play 902 the multimedia message center.

本实施例中,客户终端204是通过移动通信网络与视频资源索引服务器203和流媒体服务器202进行通信,实际应用中,还可以通过其他网络进行通信。 In this embodiment, the client terminal 204 is communicating 202, practical applications, also may communicate via other networks via a mobile communication network resource index server 203 and the video streaming server. 本实施例中的流媒体服务器202和视频资源索引服务器203及广告视频服务器205之间也都可以通过TCP/IP协议或SIP协议等网络通信协议进行通信同样,本实施例的系统中,还可以包含带有摄像头的移动通信终端(图9中未示出)。 In this embodiment the server 202 and the streaming video server 203 and the resource index advertisement video server 205 also can communicate Similarly, the system of the present embodiment through the TCP / IP protocol or the SIP protocol network communication protocols, also comprising a mobile communication terminal with a camera (not shown in FIG. 9). 该移动通信终端向流媒体服务器上传实时视频数据的方法与图8所示实施例完全相同,这里不再重复。 The mobile communication terminal to upload real-time video data to the streaming server method is the same as illustrated in FIG. 8 embodiment are not repeated here.

参见图10,图10为图9所示实施例中,实现实时视频共享的处理流程。 Referring to FIG. 10, FIG. 10 embodiment is shown in FIG. 9 embodiment, real-time video sharing processes. 该流程是在系统不包含广告视频服务器情况下的处理流程,具体包括以下步骤:步骤10,移动通信终端向移动通信网络中的短消息中心发送实时视频请求短消息。 This process system is not included in the processing flow in the case where the advertisement video server, includes the following steps: Step 10, the mobile communication terminal transmits real-time video communication request to the mobile network a short message the short message center.

步骤11,短消息中心将该实时视频请求短消息转换为视频资源索引服务器能够接收的数据,转发给视频资源索引服务器。 Step 11, the short message service center a short message request live video into a video resource index server to receive data transmitted to the video server resource index.

步骤12,视频资源索引服务器获得包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 Step 12, the video server obtains a resource index real-time video streaming media server resource information includes address information, and a request to send real-time video streaming server resource information based on the real-time video.

步骤13,流媒体服务器流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据返回给视频资源索引服务器。 Step 13, the streaming server real-time video streaming server according to the request, the video information received from the imaging means to generate real-time video data is returned to the video streaming server resource index.

步骤14,视频资源索引服务器通过MM7接口向多媒体消息中心返回实时视频流媒体数据。 Step 14, the video server returns the resource index real-time video streaming media data to the multimedia message service center via the MM7 interface.

步骤15,多媒体消息中心将实时视频流媒体数据转换为多媒体消息,发送给移动通信终端。 Step 15, the multimedia message center to convert the real-time video streaming of the multimedia message data, to the mobile communication terminal.

同样,本实施例中,在系统不包含广告视频服务器的情况下,也可以由视频资源索引服务器实现播放视频广告。 Also, the case of this embodiment, the system does not contain advertising video server can be realized by the video play video ad server resource index. 具体方法为:由视频资源索引服务器进一步存储一个或多个视频广告数据。 Specific methods: further stores one or more video data by the video advertisement resource index server. 在上述步骤12中,实时视频资源索引服务器先通过多媒体消息中心向移动通信终端返回一个视频广告数据,在播放视频广告数据同时或播放后,根据实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器转发实时视频请求。 In step 12, real-time video resource index server to return a video advertisement data to the mobile communication terminal via a multimedia message center, after playing a video advertisement data simultaneously or playing, forwarding the real-time video request to the streaming server according to the real-time video resource information.

这种情况下,还可以在实时视频资源信息中包括实时视频资源的类型信息,并将存储的每个视频广告数据与至少一个类型相关;上述步骤12中,实时视频资源索引服务器从移动通信终端请求的实时视频资源的类型相关的视频广告数据中选取一个发送给客户终端。 In this case, the type information may also include real-time video in real-time video resource in the resource information, and storing each video advertising data associated with the at least one type; and the step 12, the real-time video server resource index from the mobile communication terminal video advertising data related to the type of real-time video resource request is sent to a select client terminal.

由上述的实施例可见,本发明的这两种实现实时视频信息共享的系统及方法,实现了各种实时视频信息的集中共享,能够应用于各种环境中,满足用户对多种实时视频信息的需求。 Seen from the above embodiments, the two implementations of the present invention is a system and method of real-time video information sharing, to achieve a centralized real-time video sharing various information can be applied to various environments, to satisfy a variety of user information for real-time video It needs.

Claims (40)

1.一种实现实时视频信息共享的系统,至少包含摄像装置、流媒体服务器和客户终端,所述流媒体服务器与一个或多个摄像装置相连;其特征在于:该系统还包含视频资源索引服务器;所述流媒体服务器将包含该流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息存储到视频资源索引服务器;并在接收到实时视频请求后,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据,并将该实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端;所述视频资源索引服务器与一个或多个流媒体服务器分别相连,存储从各个流媒体服务器接收的实时视频资源信息;接收客户终端的视频资源请求,并根据用户需要,将包含流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息,返回给客户终端;所述客户终端根据用户需要向视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求,接收视频资源索引服务器返回的实时视频资 A real-time video information sharing system, comprising at least an imaging device, the streaming media server and the client terminal, the streaming media server connected to one or more of the imaging devices; characterized in that: the system further comprises a video server resource index ; streaming media server comprising the real-time video streaming of the media resource information storage server resource index address to the video server; and after receiving the request for real-time video, real-time video streaming data to generate video information received from the imaging means, and the real-time video streaming play data to the client terminal; resource index the video server and one or more streaming media server are connected to live video received from the resource information stored in the respective streaming media server; video resource request receiving client terminal, and according to user needs, resource information including real-time video streaming server address is returned to the client terminal; the client terminal transmits a resource request to the video server video resource index according to user needs, resources live video received video server returns the resource index 信息,根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求,并接收流媒体服务器播放的实时视频流媒体数据。 Information, send the address information of the real time video resource information to the streaming server a request live video, live video streaming and receiving streaming media data playback media server.
2.如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于:所述的流媒体服务器通过因特网或局域网接收客户终端发送的实时视频请求,并通过所述因特网或局域网将实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端;所述的视频资源索引服务器通过因特网或局域网接收客户终端发送的视频资源请求,并通过所述因特网或局域网将包含流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息返回给客户终端。 2. The system according to claim 1, wherein: the real-time video streaming server a request sent by the terminal receives the client via the Internet or a local area network, the Internet or a local area network and through a real-time video streaming media data player to the client terminal; resource index according to the video server receives the client terminal via the Internet or a local area network resource request sent by the video, and through the Internet or a local area containing the address of the real-time streaming video server returns the resource information to the client terminal.
3.如权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于:所述的客户终端包含即时状态客户端单元;所述的流媒体服务器进一步将实时视频资源的状态信息实时更新到视频资源索引服务器;流媒体服务器向客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元播放实时视频流媒体数据;所述的即时状态客户端单元记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,并到视频资源索引服务器上订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息;根据实时视频资源的状态信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;所述视频资源索引服务器进一步接收客户终端的即时状态客户端单元的订阅请求,根据该请求,将客户终端订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元。 3. The system according to claim 2, wherein: said client terminal comprises means for real time status of the client; the streaming media server is further resource status information updated in real time live video to the video server resource index; stream media server client unit displays the real-time video streaming data to the client terminal in the immediate state; state of the instant state of the instant client means respective real-time video recording resource status service identification information, and the video server subscribing to the resource index identifies real-time status information corresponding to video assets; request to send live video streaming server in real time according to the state information of the video asset; instantaneous state of the client-end unit of a subscription request resource index the video server further receives a client terminal according to the request, the real-time video status information resources of the client terminal to subscribe returned to the client terminal in real-time status of the client unit.
4.如权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于:该系统进一步包含即时状态服务器;所述的视频资源索引服务器和客户终端分别包含即时状态客户端单元;所述的流媒体服务器进一步将实时视频资源的状态信息实时更新到视频资源索引服务器;流媒体服务器向客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元播放实时视频流媒体数据;所述视频资源索引服务器中的即时状态客户端单元在即时状态服务器上注册存储每个实时视频资源信息,并接受即时状态服务器分配的即时状态业务标识信息,且视频资源索引服务器不断将每个实时视频资源的状态信息更新到即时状态服务器上;所述客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,到即时状态服务器订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息;所述的即时状态服务器接收客户终端 4. The system according to claim 2, wherein: the system further comprises a real-time status server; resource index according to the video server and the client terminal each include means for real time status of the client; the real-time streaming media server is further video resource status information updated in real time to the video server resource index; streaming media server client unit displays the real-time video streaming data to the client terminal in the immediate state; the video server resource index in the instant status of the client unit the server in real-time status registration on storage resource information for each real-time video, real-time status of the server and receive real-time allocation of state service identification information, and the video will continue to update the resource index server status information for each real-time video resources on the immediate status of the server; the client terminal instantaneous state immediate state of each client unit recording real-time video service status identification information of the resource, subscribe to the instantaneous state of the server the identification information corresponding to the real-time video resource status information; real-time status of the server receives the client terminal 即时状态客户端单元的订阅请求,根据该请求,将客户终端订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元。 Subscription request real-time status of the client unit, according to the request, the real-time status information of the video asset is returned to the client terminal to subscribe to the instantaneous state of the client in the client terminal unit.
5.如权利要求1~4任一权利要求所述的系统,其特征在于:该系统进一步包含一个或多个存储视频广告数据的广告视频服务器;各个广告视频服务器与所述视频资源索引服务器相连,且视频资源索引服务器存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息;所述的视频资源索引服务器接收到客户终端发送的视频资源请求后,将该请求和实时视频资源信息转发给一个广告视频服务器,并将广告视频服务器的地址信息发送给客户终端;所述客户终端到所述广告视频服务器下载视频广告数据,并接收广告视频服务器在视频广告数据下载后发送的实时视频资源信息;根据该实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 As claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, the system of claim, wherein: the system further comprises one or more advertisement video data stored video ad server; advertisement video server is connected to each of the video asset index server , and the address information of the video server stores each resource index advertisement video server; resource index according to the video server receives a video resource request sent by the client terminal, forwarding the request to the resource information, and a real-time video advertisement video server, and address information of the advertisement video server transmits to the client terminal; the client terminal to the server to download the advertisement video advertisement video data, the video server and receiving real-time video advertisement resource information transmitted after the data download video advertisements; real-time video information according to the resource request to send real-time video streaming server.
6.如权利要求1~4任一权利要求所述的系统,其特征在于:该系统进一步包含:带摄像头的移动通信终端;所述带摄像头的移动通信终端与流媒体服务器经由移动通信网络中的WAP网关建立流媒体数据传输通道,并将摄像头拍摄的实时视频数据通过该数据传输通道,上传到流媒体服务器。 As claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, the system of claim, wherein: the system further comprises: a mobile communication terminal with a camera; the mobile communication terminal with a camera and streaming server via a mobile communication network WAP gateway to establish a data transmission channel of streaming media, and real-time video data taken by the camera through the data transmission channel, uploaded to the streaming server.
7.一种实现实时视频信息共享的系统,至少包含摄像装置、流媒体服务器和客户终端,所述流媒体服务器与一个或多个摄像装置相连;其特征在于:该系统还包含视频资源索引服务器;所述流媒体服务器将包含该流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息存储到视频资源索引服务器;并在接收到实时视频请求后,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据,并将该实时视频流媒体数据通过视频资源服务器播放给客户终端;所述视频资源索引服务器与一个或多个流媒体服务器分别相连,存储从各个流媒体服务器接收的实时视频资源信息;接收客户终端发送的实时视频请求,根据用户需要获得实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息将该请求转发给对应的流媒体服务器,并从流媒体服务器接收实时视频流媒体数据转发给客户 A real-time video information sharing system, comprising at least an imaging device, the streaming media server and the client terminal, the streaming media server connected to one or more of the imaging devices; characterized in that: the system further comprises a video server resource index ; streaming media server comprising the real-time video streaming of the media resource information storage server resource index address to the video server; and after receiving the request for real-time video, real-time video streaming data to generate video information received from the imaging means, and the real-time video streaming video data playing by the resource server to the client terminal; resource index the video server and one or more streaming media server are connected to live video received from the resource information stored in the respective streaming media server; receiving client terminal transmitting real-time video request, according to user needs to obtain real-time video resource information, and forwarded to the streaming media server corresponding to the address information of the resource request for the real-time video information, and receive real-time video streaming data from the streaming server to the client forwards 端;所述客户终端根据用户需要直接向视频资源索引服务器发送实时视频请求,并接收视频资源索引服务器转发的实时视频流媒体数据。 End; the client terminal transmits the user needs to directly to a video server live video request resource index, and receive real-time video streaming video data forwarded by the server resource index.
8.如权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于:所述的客户终端为移动通信终端;所述的流媒体服务器通过移动通信网接收视频资源索引服务器转发的实时视频请求,并通过所述视频资源索引服务器将实时视频流媒体数据通过移动通信网发送给移动通信终端;所述的视频资源索引服务器通过TCP/IP协议或SIP协议接收移动通信终端发送的实时视频请求,并将从流媒体服务器接收的实时视频流媒体数据通过移动通信网发送给移动通信终端。 8. The system according to claim 7, wherein: said client terminal is a mobile communication terminal; the real-time video streaming media server receives a request to forward the video resource index server through a mobile communication network, and by the video resource index server live video streaming data transmitted over a mobile communication network to the mobile communication terminal; resource index according to the video server receives real-time video communication request for the mobile terminal transmitted through TCP / IP protocol or the SIP protocol and the streaming media the server receives real-time video streaming data transmitted to the mobile communication terminal through a mobile communication network.
9.如权利要求8所述的系统,其特征在于:所述的移动通信终端通过移动通信网络中的短消息中心向视频资源索引服务器发送实时视频请求;所述视频资源索引服务器将从流媒体服务器接收的实时视频流媒体数据通过移动通信网络中的多媒体消息中心发送给移动通信终端;所述的短消息中心接收到移动通信终端发送的实时视频请求短消息,将该短消息转换为视频资源索引服务器能够接收的数据,转发给视频资源索引服务器;所述的多媒体消息中心接收流媒体服务器发送的实时视频流媒体数据,转换为多媒体消息,发送给移动通信终端。 9. The system according to claim 8, wherein: said mobile communication terminal through a mobile communication network, the short message center sends a request live video to the video server resource index; from the video streaming server resource index the server receives real-time video streaming data transmitted over a mobile communication network, the multimedia message center to the mobile communication terminal; the short message center receives the mobile communication terminal transmits a short message request of real-time video, the short message into a video resource index server to receive data transmitted to the video server resource index; multimedia message center receives the stream of real-time video streaming server sends media data, is converted into a multimedia message, sent to the mobile communication terminal.
10.如权利要求7~9任一权利要求所述的系统,其特征在于:该系统进一步包含一个或多个存储视频广告数据的广告视频服务器;各个广告视频服务器与所述视频资源索引服务器相连,且视频资源索引服务器存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息;所述的视频资源索引服务器接收到客户终端发送的视频请求后,将该请求转发给一个广告视频服务器;并在接收到广告视频服务器发送完广告数据的通知后,根据用户需要获得实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息将该请求转发给对应的流媒体服务器;所述广告视频服务器向客户终端发送视频广告数据,并在视频广告数据发送完后,通知视频资源索引服务器;所述客户终端接收广告视频服务器发送的视频广告数据后,接收流媒体服务器播放的实时视频流媒体数据。 As claimed in any one of claims 7 to 9, a system of claim, wherein: the system further comprises one or more advertisement video data stored video ad server; advertisement video server is connected to each of the video asset index server , and the address information of the video server stores each resource index advertisement video server; video resource index according to the video server receives a request sent by the client terminal, a request to forward the advertisement video server; and receiving the transmitted advertisement video server after the notification of the advertisement data, real-time video information resources according to user needs, and forwards to the corresponding streaming media server according to the address information of the resource request for the real-time video information; advertisement video server transmits the advertisement data to the client terminal video and transmitting the video data after the advertisement, the server notifies the video resource index; after the client terminal receives a video advertisement video advertisement data transmission server, and receiving streaming media data streaming live video broadcast server.
11.如权利要求7~9任一权利要求所述的系统,其特征在于:该系统进一步包含:带摄像头的移动通信终端;所述带摄像头的移动通信终端与流媒体服务器之间通过移动通信网络中的WAP网关建立流媒体数据传输通道,且移动通信终端将摄像头拍摄的实时视频数据通过该数据传输通道,上传到流媒体服务器。 As claimed in any one of claims 7 to 9, a system of claim, wherein: the system further comprises: a mobile communication terminal with camera; via a mobile communication between the mobile communication terminal with a camera and the streaming server WAP network gateway establishes a streaming media data transmission channel, and the mobile communication terminal real time video data captured by the camera through the data transmission channel, uploaded to the streaming server.
12.一种实现实时视频信息共享的方法,其特征在于:采用权利要求1所述的系统,预先将包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息存储到了视频资源索引服务器,客户终端获得实时视频信息的过程包括以下步骤:A、客户终端向视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求;B、视频资源索引服务器接收到视频资源请求,获得包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息,并将该实时视频资源信息返回给客户终端;C、客户终端根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;D、流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端。 12. A method for the realization of real-time video sharing information, wherein: using the system of claim 1, advance resource information including real-time video streaming server address information is stored in the video resource index server, the client terminal to obtain real-time video process information comprising the steps of: a, the client terminal transmits a resource request to the video server video resource index; B, the video server receives a video resource index resource request, resource information includes real-time video streaming media server address information, and the real-time video resources information back to the client terminal; C, the client terminal transmits a request to the real-time video streaming server according to the address information of the real time video information resource; D, streaming media server, receiving real-time video imaging device according to a request from a video information generation real-time video streaming media player data to the client terminal.
13.如权利要求12所述的方法,其特征在于:所述步骤A中,客户终端通过因特网或局域网向视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器通过所述因特网或局域网将包含流媒体服务器地址的实时视频资源信息返回给客户终端;所述步骤C中,客户终端通过因特网或局域网向流媒体服务器发送的实时视频请求;所述步骤D中,流媒体服务器通过所述因特网或局域网将实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端。 13. The method of claim 12, wherein: the step A, the client terminal transmits a resource request to the video server video resource index through the Internet or a local area network; the step B, the video server through the resource index real-time video resource information including a local area network or Internet streaming media server address back to the client terminal; the step C, transmits real-time video to the client terminal requesting the streaming server via the Internet or a local area network; the step D, the streaming server the local area network or the Internet through a real-time video streaming media data player to the client terminal.
14.如权利要求13所述的方法,其特征在于:所述视频资源索引服务器运行WWW服务以网页显示实时视频资源信息;所述客户终端使用WEB浏览器通过因特网访问视频资源索引服务器;视频资源索引服务器通过TCP/IP协议或SIP协议与流媒体服务器通信。 14. The method according to claim 13, wherein: said video resource index server running the WWW service resource information to display live video on the page; the client terminal through the Internet using the WEB browser access the video server resource index; video asset index server communication server via TCP / IP protocol or the SIP protocol streaming media.
15.如权利要求12所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的实时视频资源信息进一步包含:实时视频资源的状态信息、实时视频资源位置信息、实时视频资源类别信息、实时视频资源操控信息中的一种或多种。 15. The method of claim 12, wherein said resource information further includes real-time video: video resource status information in real time, real-time video resource location information, real time video information resource categories, real-time video information resource control one or more.
16.如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于:所述实时视频资源信息包含实时视频资源的状态信息时:所述的流媒体服务器进一步将实时视频资源的状态信息实时更新到视频资源索引服务器;所述步骤C中,客户终端根据该实时视频资源信息中的地址信息和状态信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;所述的实时视频资源信息包括实时视频资源位置信息时:视频资源索引服务器按实时视频资源位置信息进行索引,并按所述位置信息,将实时视频资源与地图上的位置对应起来,并将在对应位置标注了实时视频资源的地图包含在实时视频资源信息中发送给客户终端;所述的实时视频资源信息包括实时视频资源类别信息时:视频资源索引服务器按实时视频资源类别信息进行索引,生成实时视频资源索引目录,将该目录包含在实时视频资源信息中发送给客户终 When the real-time status information of the resource information includes real-time video of the video asset:: 16. The method according to claim 15, wherein the streaming media server is further resource status information updated in real time live video to the video resource index server; the step C, the client terminal transmits real-time video streaming server a request to the address of the real-time video information and status information in the resource information; real-time video when the video resource information includes resource location information in real time: the video resource index according to the map server for real time video index resource location information, the location information press, a position on the map in real time in association with the video resources, and the resource denoted by the real-time video contained in the corresponding position in the real-time video to a resource information the client terminal; said resource information includes a real-time video in real-time video resource classification information: video resource index server indexed by resource classification information in real-time video, real-time video resource index to generate a directory, the directory is included in the resource information in real-time video to a end customer ;所述的实时视频资源信息包括实时视频资源操控信息时:所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器对可操控状态的实时视频资源,向客户终端发送视频操控界面,接收用户输入的操控指令,并将操控指令传送给流媒体服务器,流媒体服务器根据该操控指令对实时视频资源对应的摄像装置进行相应的操控。 ; Real-time video resource information includes resource control real-time video information: said step B, the video server resource index can be manipulated in real time the state of video resources, the terminal transmits the video to the customer control interface, receives a user manipulation command input, and control instructions to the streaming server, the streaming server corresponding to the manipulation means control the imaging instruction corresponding to the resource according to the real-time video.
17.如权利要求16所述的方法,其特征在于,所述流媒体服务器将实时视频资源的状态信息存储到视频资源索引服务器的方法为:所述流媒体服务器接收视频资源索引服务器按预先设定的时间间隔发送的状态信息请求,按照该请求向视频资源索引服务器返回状态信息;视频资源索引服务器用接收的状态信息进行更新;或当实时视频资源的状态信息发生变化时,所述流媒体服务器向视频资源索引服务器更新最新的实时视频资源状态信息。 17. The method according to claim 16, wherein the real-time streaming video server resource status information is stored in the video resource index server method is as follows: the streaming media server receives a video server according to preset resource index status information request sent by a given time interval, in accordance with the request to return to the video server status information resource index; video server resource index is updated with the status information received; real-time video, or when the resource status information changes, the streaming media the latest real-time video server to update the resource status information to the video resource index server.
18.如权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于:所述实时视频资源状态信息包含资源是否可用、该实时视频资源当前访问人数或负荷信息、以及该实时视频资源的实时摘要图片;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器接收到实时视频资源的请求时,先检测该实时视频资源的访问人数或负荷;当检测到访问人数或负荷达到预先设定的上限时,按一定时间间隔向流媒体服务器请求实时摘要图片;并在接收到流媒体服务器返回的实时摘要图片后,将其加入实时视频资源状态信息发送给用户终端;当检测到访问人数或负荷降到低于预先设定的上限时,视频资源索引服务器通知客户终端到流媒体服务器获取实时视频流媒体数据。 18. The method according to claim 17, wherein: the real-time status information includes whether the video asset resources are available, the number of access to the current or live video resource load information, the real-time images and real-time video summary resource; the step B, the video server receives a request resource index real-time video resource, detecting the number of visits to the load or live video resource; the number of visits or when the detected load reaches the upper limit set in advance, the flow at regular intervals when detecting the number of visits or falls below a predetermined load; real-time media server requests a summary image; and after receiving the real-time streaming media server returns a summary of images, which added to the real-time video resource status information to the user terminal limit, the video resource index server notifies the client terminal to obtain real-time video streaming media server streaming media data.
19.如权利要求18所述的方法,其特征在于:所述步骤B中,在视频资源索引服务器按一定时间间隔向流媒体服务器请求实时摘要图片之前,视频资源索引服务器将当前存储的该实时视频资源的最新一张或多张图片、显示图片对应的时间发送给用户终端。 19. The method according to claim 18, wherein: said step B, the video resource index server at regular intervals in real time before the request to the streaming server digest images, video server resource index currently stored in the real-time the latest video resources one or more images, display pictures corresponding time sent to the user terminal.
20.如权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于:所述实时视频资源状态信息包含资源是否可用及该实时视频资源当前访问人数或负荷信息;当所述流媒体服务器检测到访问人数或负荷达到预先设定的上限时,或在播放流媒体数据一定时间后,改为按一定时间间隔向客户终端发送实时图片。 20. The method according to claim 17, wherein: the real-time status information includes whether the video asset resources are available and the number currently accessing the resource or load information live video; streaming server when the number of detected access or load pre-set limit is reached, or play streaming media data after a certain time, changed at regular intervals to send real-time images to the client terminal.
21.如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于:所述的客户终端包含即时状态客户端单元;所述的即时状态客户端单元记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,并到视频资源索引服务器上订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息;根据实时视频资源的状态信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;所述视频资源索引服务器进一步接收客户终端的即时状态客户端单元的订阅请求,根据该请求,将客户终端订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元;所述步骤D中,流媒体服务器向客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元播放实时视频流媒体数据。 21. The method according to claim 15, wherein: said client terminal comprises means for real time status of the client; instantaneous state of the real-time status of each client unit recording real-time video service resource state identification information, and to subscribe to the identification information corresponding to the real-time video on the video resource state information of the server resource index; real-time video transmission request to the streaming server in real time according to the state information of the video asset; instantaneous state of the video server further receives resource index client terminal client unit the subscription request, according to the request, the real-time status information of the video asset is returned to the client terminal subscription in the immediate state of the client terminal client unit; the step D, the streaming server to the client terminal in a client unit instantaneous state play real-time video streaming data.
22.如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,该系统进一步包含即时状态服务器;所述的视频资源索引服务器和客户终端分别包含即时状态客户端单元;所述视频资源索引服务器中的即时状态客户端单元预先在即时状态服务器上注册存储每个实时视频资源信息,并接受即时状态服务器分配的即时状态业务标识信息,且视频资源索引服务器不断将每个实时视频资源的状态信息更新到即时状态服务器上;所述客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元预先记录各个实时视频资源状态的即时状态业务标识信息,到即时状态服务器订阅该标识信息对应的实时视频资源的状态信息;所述的即时状态服务器在接收客户终端中即时状态客户端单元的订阅请求后,根据该请求,将客户终端订阅的实时视频资源的状态信息返回给客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元;所述步骤D中, 22. The method according to claim 15, characterized in that the system further comprises a real-time status server; resource index according to the video server and the client terminal each include means for real time status of the client; the video server resource index in an instant status of the client unit is stored for each pre-registered real-time video resources on the real-time status information server and receive real-time status of the server assigned immediate state service identification information, and the video will continue to update the resource index server status information for each resource to instant real-time video state on the server; the client terminal in the immediate state of each client unit pre-recorded video in real time the instantaneous state of the resource status service identification information, to the real-time status subscription server identification information corresponding to the real-time status information of the video asset; the instant after the presence server a subscription request for real time status of the client terminal unit, according to the request, the real-time status information of the video asset is returned in the client terminal subscription receiving client terminal to the client terminal in the instant status of the client unit; the step D, 媒体服务器向客户终端中的即时状态客户端单元播放实时视频流媒体数据。 Media Server client unit displays the real-time video streaming data to the client terminal in real-time status.
23.如权利要求16所述的方法,其特征在于,该方法进一步包括:当一个实时视频资源正在被操控时,视频资源索引服务器将该实时视频资源的操控信息设置为锁定状态,拒绝其他客户终端发送的操控指令。 23. The method according to claim 16, wherein the method further comprises: when a resource is being manipulated real-time video, video index server the resource information is provided real-time manipulation of the video asset is locked state denies other clients terminal control instruction sent.
24.如权利要求23所述的方法,其特征在于:所述的摄像装置包含轨道及可在轨道上运行的摄像头,所述的操控指令还包括在轨道上运行的操控指令;所述流媒体服务器根据该操控指令对实时视频资源对应的摄像装置的摄像头进行轨道上运行操控。 24. The method according to claim 23, wherein: said imaging device comprises a camera and a track can run on the track, the handling instructions further comprise instructions running on the control track; the streaming media server running on the track. the camera control device according to the imaging instruction manipulation resources corresponding real-time video.
25.如权利要求12、13、21或22所述的方法,其特征在于:所述的视频资源索引服务器进一步存储一个或多个视频广告数据;所述步骤B中,实时视频资源索引服务器在向客户终端返回实时视频资源信息时,通知客户终端先到实时视频资源索引服务器下载一个视频广告数据;所述步骤C中,客户终端根据通知向实时视频资源索引服务器下载视频广告数据,在播放视频广告数据同时或播放后,根据实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 25. The method of claim 12, 13 or claim 22, wherein: said video resource index server further stores one or more video advertisement data; the step B, the real-time video resource index server when the terminal returns information to the client resource real-time video, real-time video First notifies the client terminal resource index server downloads a video advertisement data; the step C, the client terminal downloads the video data to the real-time video advertisement server according to the resource index notification, video playback after playing at the same time or advertising data, request to send real-time video streaming server resources according to real-time video information.
26.如权利要求25所述的方法,其特征在于:所述实时视频资源信息中还包括实时视频资源的类型信息,所述存储的每个视频广告数据与至少一个所述类型相关;所述步骤B中,实时视频资源索引服务器从客户终端请求的实时视频资源的类型相关的视频广告数据中选取一个,通知客户终端下载该视频广告数据。 26. The method according to claim 25, wherein: the real-time video resource information further includes type information of real-time video resources, each of said stored video advertisement data associated with said at least one type; the step B, the advertisement video data in real time from a video server resource index type real-time video client terminal requests resources associated with a selected, notifies the client terminal downloads the advertisement video data.
27.如权利要求12、13、21或22所述的方法,其特征在于:进一步在系统中设置一个或多个存储视频广告数据的广告视频服务器;各个广告视频服务器与所述视频资源索引服务器相连,且视频资源索引服务器存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器接收到客户终端发送的视频资源请求后,将该请求和实时视频资源信息转发给一个广告视频服务器,并将广告视频服务器的地址信息发送给客户终端;所述步骤B还包括:客户终端根据广告视频服务器的地址信息到所述广告视频服务器下载视频广告数据,并接收广告视频服务器在视频广告数据下载后发送的实时视频资源信息;所述步骤C中,客户终端根据从广告视频服务器接收的实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求。 27. The method of claim 12, 13 or claim 22, wherein: the server is further provided with one or more advertisement video storing the video data in the advertisement system; each advertisement video server with the video server resource index connected, and the address information of the video server stores each resource index advertisement video server; the step B, the video server receives a video resource index resource request sent by the client terminal, forwarding the request to the resource information, and a real-time video advertisement video address information of the server, and the advertisement video server transmits to the client terminal; said step B further comprising: the client terminal to the server to download a video advertisement video advertisement data according to the address information of the advertisement video server, a video server and receive an advertisement video ad real-time video transmission resource information of the downloaded data; the step C, the client terminal sends a request to the real-time video streaming server resources with live video received from the advertisement video information server.
28.如权利要求12、13、21或22所述的方法,其特征在于:进一步在系统中包含:带摄像头的移动通信终端;所述带摄像头的移动通信终端与流媒体服务器经由移动通信网络中的WAP网关建立流媒体数据传输通道,并将摄像头拍摄的实时视频数据通过该数据传输通道,上传到流媒体服务器。 28. The method of claim 12, 13 or claim 22, wherein: the system further comprises: a mobile communication terminal with a camera; the mobile communication terminal with a camera and streaming server via a mobile communication network the WAP gateway establishes a data transmission channel of streaming media, and real-time video data taken by the camera through the data transmission channel, uploaded to the streaming server.
29.如权利要求13所述的方法,其特征在于:所述客户终端发送的实时视频请求中包含客户终端的地址信息;所述步骤D为:流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求中的地址信息,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息压缩编码为流媒体格式,如果摄像装置包括拾音器,则流媒体服务器还将音频进行一起压缩编码,生成实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端。 29. The method according to claim 13, wherein: said client terminal in real-time video transmission request containing the address information of the client terminal; said step D is: streaming media server according to the address information of the real-time video request, video imaging means for receiving information from the compression encoding format for streaming media, if the imaging apparatus includes a pickup, the streaming server also with audio compression coding, generating a real-time video streaming data to the client terminal displays.
30.如权利要求29所述的方法,其特征在于,所述步骤D包括:D1、流媒体服务器从摄像装置获取视频信息;D2、流媒体服务器与客户终端建立信令通道,并将播放地址及端口号发送给客户终端;D3、客户终端与流媒体服务器建立数据通道;D4、流媒体服务器将视频信息生成视频流媒体数据后,将其通过该数据通道发送给客户终端;D5、客户终端接收流媒体数据进行显示播放。 30. The method according to claim 29, wherein the step D comprises: D1, streaming media server acquires video information from the imaging apparatus; D2 of, the streaming media server and the client terminal to establish a signaling channel, and the playing address and port number to the client terminal; D3, the client terminal and the streaming media server to establish a data channel; after D4, streaming media server video information to generate a video streaming data, which is transmitted through the data channel to the client terminal; D5, the client terminal receiving streaming media data to display the playback.
31.如权利要求30所述的方法,其特征在于:所述步骤D2中,流媒体服务器将组播地址及端口号发送给客户终端;所述步骤D4中,流媒体服务器将实时视频流媒体数据发送给因特网或局域网中的路由器;路由器以组播方式将从单台流媒体服务器接收的实时视频流媒体数据同时向多个客户端连续发送。 31. A method according to claim 30, wherein: said step D2, the streaming media server multicast address and port number to the client terminal; D4, the streaming media server streaming live video in the step data to the Internet or a LAN router; router to multicast a single stream from the live video streaming media server receives data transmitted simultaneously to multiple clients continuously.
32.如权利要求12所述的方法,其特征在于:所述步骤A中,客户终端向实时视频资源索引服务器发送视频资源请求前,先执行鉴权的步骤,鉴权通过后,记录账号,实时视频资源索引服务器对该账号开始进行计费,生成CDR话单记录。 32. The method of claim 12, wherein: the step A, the client terminal transmits a resource request to the real-time video before the video resource index server, the first authentication step, after the authentication is passed, the account record, real-time video to the resource index server start billing account, generate CDR bill record.
33.如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于:根据不同的计费策略生成CDR话单;如果采用按时间流量计费的方式,则由流媒体服务器在结束向客户终发送实时视频流媒体数据时,向视频资源索引服务器上报该客户端播放实时视频的时间和流量信息,视频资源索引服务器据此生成CDR话单记录。 33. The method according to claim 32, wherein: generating a CDR record according to different charging policies; if time-metered manner, by the streaming media server at the end of a final send live video stream to the client when media data, reporting time and traffic information to the client to play real-time video to the video resource index server, video server resource index accordingly generate CDR bill record.
34.一种实现实时视频信息共享的方法,其特征在于:采用权利要求7所述的系统,预先将包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息存储到了视频资源索引服务器,客户终端获得实时视频信息的过程包括以下步骤:A、客户终端向视频资源索引服务器发送实时视频请求;B、视频资源索引服务器接收到实时视频请求,获得包含流媒体服务器地址信息的实时视频资源信息,并根据该实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器发送实时视频请求;C、流媒体服务器根据实时视频请求,将从摄像装置接收的视频信息生成实时视频流媒体数据播放给客户终端。 34. A method to realize real-time video sharing information, wherein: using the system of claim 7, in advance resource information including real-time video streaming server address information is stored in the video resource index server, the client terminal to obtain real-time video process information comprising the steps of: a, the client terminal transmits real-time video request to the video resource index server; B, a video resource index server receives real-time video request, real-time video resource information includes the streaming media server address information, and based on the real-time video resource information request to send live video streaming server; C, real-time video streaming server according to the request, the video information received from the imaging means generate real-time video streaming data to the client terminal displays.
35.如权利要求34所述的方法,其特征在于:所述的客户终端为移动通信终端;所述步骤A中,移动通信终端通过移动通信网向视频资源索引服务器发送实时视频请求;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器通过TCP/IP协议或SIP协议向流媒体服务器转发实时视频请求;所述步骤C中,流媒体服务器通过视频资源索引服务器将实时视频流媒体数据通过移动通信网发送给移动通信终端。 35. The method according to claim 34, wherein: said client terminal is a mobile communication terminal; the step A, the mobile communication terminal transmits a video request to the real-time video resource index server through a mobile communication network; the step B, the video resource index server forwards the request to the real-time video streaming server via TCP / IP protocol or the SIP protocol; in the step C, the real-time video streaming server transmits streaming data through the mobile communication network through the video resource index server to the mobile communication terminal.
36.如权利要求35所述的方法,其特征在于:所述步骤A中,移动通信终端向移动通信网络中的短消息中心发送实时视频请求短消息,短消息中心将该短消息转换为视频资源索引服务器能够接收的数据,转发给视频资源索引服务器;所述步骤C中,视频资源索引服务器将从流媒体服务器接收的实时视频流媒体数据发送给移动通信网络中的多媒体消息中心,多媒体消息中心将实时视频流媒体数据转换为多媒体消息,发送给移动通信终端。 36. The method according to claim 35, wherein: the step A, the mobile communication terminal transmits real-time video to a mobile communication network requests the short message the short message center, the short message service center a short message into a video resource index server to receive data transmitted to the video server resource index; the step C, the video server resource index from the stream media server receives real-time video streaming data transmitted to the mobile communication network, the multimedia message center, the multimedia message Center converting real-time video streaming of the multimedia message data, to the mobile communication terminal.
37.如权利要求34、35或36所述的方法,其特征在于:所述的视频资源索引服务器进一步存储一个或多个视频广告数据;所述步骤B中,实时视频资源索引服务器先向客户终端返回一个视频广告数据,在播放视频广告数据同时或播放后,根据实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器转发实时视频请求。 37. The method of claim 34, 35 or claim 36, wherein: said video resource index server further stores one or more video advertisement data; said step (B), real-time video client resource index server Xianxiang a video terminal returns advertisement data, advertisement data, after playing the video while playing or forwards a request to the real-time video streaming server resource information according to real-time video.
38.如权利要求37所述的方法,其特征在于:所述实时视频资源信息中还包括实时视频资源的类型信息,所述存储的每个视频广告数据与至少一个所述类型相关;所述步骤B中,实时视频资源索引服务器从客户终端请求的实时视频资源的类型相关的视频广告数据中选取一个发送给客户终端。 38. The method according to claim 37, wherein: the real-time video resource information further includes type information of real-time video resources, each of said stored video advertisement data associated with said at least one type; the step B, the advertisement video data in real time from a video server resource index type real-time video client terminal requests resources associated with a selected transmitted to the client terminal.
39.如权利要求34、35或36所述的方法,其特征在于:进一步在系统中设置一个或多个存储视频广告数据的广告视频服务器;各个广告视频服务器与所述视频资源索引服务器相连,且视频资源索引服务器存储各个广告视频服务器的地址信息;所述步骤B中,视频资源索引服务器接收到客户终端发送的视频资源请求后,根据广告视频服务器的地址信息将该请求转发给一个广告视频服务器,广告视频服务器通过视频资源索引服务器将一个视频广播数据发送给客户终端;并在播放视频广告数据同时或播放后,获得实时视频资源信息,根据该实时视频资源信息向流媒体服务器转发实时视频请求。 39. The method of claim 34, 35 or claim 36, wherein: the server is further provided with one or more advertisement video storing the video data in the advertisement system; advertisement video server connected to the respective video server resource index, and the address information of the video server stores each resource index advertisement video server; after the step B, the video server receives a video resource index resource request sent by the client terminal, an advertisement video is forwarded to the address information of the advertisement video server request server, advertising video server to a video broadcast data sent through the video resource index server to the client terminal; and after playing video ad data at the same time or play, real-time video resource information, forwards real-time video to the streaming media server based on the real-time video resource information request.
40.如权利要求34、35或36所述的方法,其特征在于:进一步在系统中包含带摄像头的移动通信终端;所述带摄像头的移动通信终端与流媒体服务器经由移动通信网络中的WAP网关建立流媒体数据传输通道,并将摄像头拍摄的实时视频数据通过该数据传输通道,上传到流媒体服务器。 40. The method of claim 34, 35 or claim 36, characterized in that: further comprising a mobile communication terminal with a camera in the system; the mobile communication terminal with a camera WAP streaming server via a mobile communication network streaming media gateway establishes a data transmission channel, and real-time video data taken by the camera through the data transmission channel, uploaded to the streaming server.
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CN108012159A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-08 广州华多网络科技有限公司 live video push control method, device and corresponding terminal

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