CN1763343B - Hindge device - Google Patents

Hindge device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1763343B
CN1763343B CN 200510113894 CN200510113894A CN1763343B CN 1763343 B CN1763343 B CN 1763343B CN 200510113894 CN200510113894 CN 200510113894 CN 200510113894 A CN200510113894 A CN 200510113894A CN 1763343 B CN1763343 B CN 1763343B
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China
Prior art keywords
mentioned
hinge axis
hinge
axis
force
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200510113894
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1763343A (en
Inventor
安斋忠志
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SIGACINA INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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SIGACINA INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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Publication of CN1763343A publication Critical patent/CN1763343A/en
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Publication of CN1763343B publication Critical patent/CN1763343B/en
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Abstract

The present invention provides a hinge device capable of easily mounting a door on a skeleton and capable of rotating and urging the door. A supporting cylinder section 2b in which an axis is directed towards the vertical direction is mounted on a hinge body 2. A hinge shaft 3 is inserted to the supporting cylinder section 2b rotatably and movably in the vertical direction. A coil spring 5 downwards urging the hinge shaft 3 through an engaging member 4 is inserted externally to the hinge shaft 3. One end section 5a of a linear element constituting the coil spring 5 is engaged with the hinge body 2 while the other end section 5b is engaged with the hinge shaft 3 through the engaging member 4, and the hinge shaft 3 is rotated and urged in one direction by the coil spring 5.

Description

Hinge means
Technical field
The present invention relates to be used for rotationally rotors such as door or lid being installed in the hinge means on the framework.
Background technology
Generally, hinge means comprises hinge body with dead eye and the hinge axis that inserts dead eye rotationally.Hinge body is installed on any one of framework and door.One end of hinge axis is outstanding from dead eye, and insert in any connect apertures on another that is arranged on framework and door its outstanding end.Thus, door is installed in rotation on the framework via hinge means.
Hinge axis can insert dead eye movably along its axis direction, and can insert connect apertures with haunting, carries out the application of force by helical spring from dead eye side direction connect apertures side.And, utilize the helical spring power of applying and keep the state that is inserted into the connect apertures from the outstanding end of dead eye when gate open is often used.When installation and removal door the hinge axis helical spring power of applying of opposing and moving, deviate from from connect apertures.Thus, door installing/dismounting (with reference to patent documentation 1) on framework easily.
Patent documentation 1: open clear 57-4573 communique in fact
Above-mentioned existing hinge means does not have makes door close the function of rotation from open position to closing the position.So, exist for make the door close and the problem of the blocking mechanisms such as door closer of having to be provided with in addition automatically.
Summary of the invention
The present invention researches and develops according to such opinion, that is, by will using as the rotation urging mechanism that make hinge axis along the force application mechanism of its axis direction application of force hinge axis, thereby make above-mentioned existing hinge means have rotating function.
The hinge means of first aspect present invention, have: hinge body, rotatable and can be arranged on hinge axis on this hinge body movably along axis direction, be arranged between this hinge axis and the above-mentioned hinge body and to the force application mechanism of above-mentioned hinge axis along its axis direction application of force, it is characterized in that, above-mentioned hinge axis by above-mentioned force application mechanism to a direction rotation urging, on above-mentioned hinge axis, can not be provided with latch for printed circuit rotationally, above-mentioned latch for printed circuit is owing to the active force of above-mentioned force application mechanism abuts to above-mentioned hinge body, thus, stop above-mentioned hinge axis further to rotate to an above-mentioned direction with respect to above-mentioned hinge body.
In addition, the hinge means of second aspect present invention has: hinge body, its have be opened in the dead eye on the end face and be installed in framework and rotor on any one; Hinge axis, it is rotatable and can insert above-mentioned dead eye movably along axis direction, can insert from the outstanding end of above-mentioned dead eye to be arranged on any connect apertures on another above-mentioned framework and the above-mentioned rotor with plugging; Force application mechanism, its from above-mentioned dead eye to the direction of above-mentioned connect apertures to this hinge axis application of force, it is characterized in that, above-mentioned hinge axis can not insert above-mentioned connect apertures rotationally and by above-mentioned force application mechanism to a direction rotation urging, on above-mentioned hinge axis, can not be provided with latch for printed circuit rotationally, above-mentioned latch for printed circuit thus, stops above-mentioned hinge axis further to rotate to an above-mentioned direction with respect to above-mentioned hinge body owing to the active force of above-mentioned force application mechanism abuts to above-mentioned hinge body.
The hinge means of first, second aspect of the present invention, preferably use the outer helical spring that is inserted on the above-mentioned hinge axis as above-mentioned force application mechanism, an end card that constitutes above-mentioned helical spring wire rod ends on above-mentioned hinge body, the other end card ends on above-mentioned hinge axis, so that this helical spring can be to the above-mentioned hinge axis application of force, so that this hinge axis rotates to an above-mentioned direction.
In addition, be preferably on the above-mentioned hinge axis latch for printed circuit can not be set rotationally, block only on above-mentioned hinge axis via above-mentioned latch for printed circuit above-mentioned the other end of above-mentioned wire rod.
The hinge means of second aspect present invention is preferably in above-mentioned on another in above-mentioned framework and the above-mentioned rotor, be provided with above-mentioned framework and above-mentioned rotor in the binding parts that form of above-mentioned another split, this links and forms above-mentioned connect apertures on parts.
The invention effect
According to the present invention with above-mentioned feature structure, originally the force application mechanism that has by hinge means carries out rotation urging to hinge axis, be about to force application mechanism and be also used as rotation urging mechanism, thus do not need to be provided with in addition blocking mechanism such as door closer, and can make a rotation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the sectional drawing of expression hinge means of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the exploded perspective view of this hinge means;
Fig. 3 is the stereogram that this hinge means is represented so that its hinge axis is positioned at the state of use location;
Fig. 4 is the stereogram that this hinge means is represented so that its hinge axis is positioned at the state of collecting position;
Fig. 5 is the perspective elevation of the framework that linked rotationally by this hinge means of expression and door;
Fig. 6 is the perspective elevation of the preceding framework that linked rotationally by this hinge means of expression and door.
The specific embodiment
Explanation is used to implement preferred forms of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 5 is the perspective elevation of door (rotor) D of expression framework B and the Ba of front openings portion that opens and closes this framework B, and a D is by the hinge means among the present invention 1,1 ' and can be installed in rotationally on the framework B to horizontal direction.Hinge means 1,1 ' up and down forms symmetrically.At this, only explanation is disposed at the hinge means 1 of downside, and be disposed at the hinge means 1 of upside ', the structure identical with hinge means 1 used identical Reference numeral, it illustrates omission.
As Fig. 1~shown in Figure 4, hinge means 1 has hinge body 2.Hinge body 2 is to be made of metal sheet material, is formed with protuberance 2a, 2a on the both ends up and down of a sidepiece of its left and right directions.On the leading section of protuberance 2a, form carrying cylinder portion 2b, the 2b of axis towards above-below direction by this leading section of reeling.The inside of the 2b of this carrying cylinder portion becomes dead eye 2c.
In dead eye 2c, the 2c of the 2b of carrying cylinder portion, 2b, insert the upper and lower of hinge axis 3, rotatable respectively and along the vertical direction (axis direction of dead eye 2c) move.On the upper end of the hinge axis 3 that the 2b of carrying cylinder portion from upside gives prominence to upward,, this upper end is formed with handle part 3a by being flexed into the right angle.This handle part 3a is held by handgrip, and hinge axis 3 is rotated, and moves along the vertical direction easily.The latch for printed circuit 4 that are made of metal sheet are fixed by back-up ring 7 in bottom at hinge axis 3.That is, latch for printed circuit 4 is installed on the hinge axis 3 and can not moves and can not rotate along its axis direction and the direction vertical with this axis direction.Above the 2b of carrying cylinder portion of this latch for printed circuit 4 butt downside via back-up ring 7, then hinge axis 3 can and then not move downwards again.The position of the hinge axis 3 of following this moment is called the use location.When hinge axis 3 was positioned at the use location, the bottom of hinge axis 3 was from the outstanding downwards specific length in the lower surface of the 2b of carrying cylinder portion of downside.
Be inserted with helical spring (force application mechanism) 5 outside on the pars intermedia that is positioned at the hinge axis 3 between the 2b of carrying cylinder portion, 2b up and down.Below the 2b of carrying cylinder portion of the upper end butt upside of this helical spring 5, above the bottom butt latch for printed circuit 4, to hinge axis 3 application of force downwards.And, make hinge 3 be positioned at the use location by the applying power of helical spring 5.On the other hand, hinge axis 3 can be resisted the applying power of helical spring 5 and be moved upward.Hinge axis 3 is moved upward predetermined distance from the use location, and then helical spring 5 can and then not shrink again, and hinge axis 3 can not be moved upward.Below the position with hinge axis 3 at this moment is called collecting position.Hinge axis 3 is positioned at collecting position, then enters in the dead eye 2c bottom of outstanding hinge axis 3 downwards from the 2b of carrying cylinder portion of downside, and the lower surface of hinge axis 3 is positioned on the same plane, lower surface with the 2b of carrying cylinder portion of downside or its upside slightly.In addition, the collecting position of hinge axis 3 for example is provided with fastener in the periphery of hinge axis 3, following being limited of the 2b of carrying cylinder portion that this fastener can be by the butt upside.
The state that helical spring 5 is twisted bent distortion with elasticity is inserted in outward on the hinge axis 3, constitute the outer peripheral face of the 2b of carrying cylinder portion of upper end (end) 5a butt upside of the wire rod of helical spring 5, the bottom of this wire rod (the other end) 5b butt is formed on the protuberance 4a on the sidepiece of latch for printed circuit 4.As a result, 5 pairs of hinge axis 3 application of forces of helical spring, making hinge axis 3 is that middle mind-set one direction is rotated with its axis.In addition, hinge axis 3 can not and then rotate to a direction owing to the protuberance 4a butt hinge body 2 of latch for printed circuit 4 again.Below, the turned position of the hinge axis 3 of this moment is called initial position.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 6, hinge means 1 also has the parts 6 of binding.Linking parts 6 is used for hinge axis 3 can not be attached at framework B rotationally.That is,, on the bottom of the peristome Ba of framework B, be fixed with along the support unit S of the horizontally extending section L of peristome Ba word shape as Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 6.Be fixed with on one end of the left and right directions of support unit S and link parts 6.On binding parts 6, be formed with the connect apertures 6a that it is run through up and down.Can insert in this connect apertures 6a from the 2b of carrying cylinder portion of the downside bottom of outstanding hinge axis 3 downwards with plugging.Connect apertures 6a and the roughly oval shape of bottom formation section that inserts hinge axis 3 wherein.Thus, hinge axis 3 can not insert among the connect apertures 6a rotationally, and then can not be attached at rotationally on the framework B via linking parts 6.The bottom of connect apertures 6a and hinge axis 3 does not need to form oval shape, can form non-circular yet and can not rotate mutually, perhaps can be closed etc. by bond and hinge axis 3 is formed on the connect apertures 6a un-rotatably.
Use the hinge means 1,1 of said structure ' when door D is installed in framework B and goes up, as shown in Figure 6, hinge means 1,1 ' each hinge body 2,2 be installed on the sidepiece of left and right directions at the back side of a D.Certainly, each hinge means 1,1 ' the axis of hinge axis 3,3 consistent with each other.On the other hand, on the end of support unit S, S on the end up and down of the peristome Ba that is fixed in framework B, binding parts 6 are installed respectively.At this moment, binding parts 6 become opens for example 90 ° state of predetermined angular with the self-closing position of door D, simultaneously with hinge axis 3 from initial position to other direction (to the rotation urging direction of the hinge axis 3 of helical spring 5 oppositely) when rotating the big slightly predetermined angular of angle of release degree (90 °) than door D, the end of hinge axis 3 can be installed with the posture of inserting connect apertures 6a.
Secondly, shown in Fig. 6 arrow, each hinge means 1,1 ' hinge axis 3,3 move to collecting position from the use location, and rotate afore mentioned rules angle to other direction greater than 90 ° from initial position.By hinge axis 3 is rotated to other direction, helical spring 5 is further twisted bent distortion, and its rotation applies power and increases.In addition, for hinge axis 3 can being maintained the position of moving and rotating, and preferably on hinge body 2, form the fastener that ends with handle part 3a card in advance.Afterwards, the sidepiece of door D inserted link 6,6 of parts, make the axis of hinge axis 3,3 consistent with the axis of connect apertures 6a, 6a.And connect apertures 6a, 6a are inserted in each end of hinge axis 3,3.So hinge axis 3,3 can not link with framework B rotationally via linking parts 6,6.Under this state, hinge axis 3 carries out the application of force by helical spring 5 to a direction, so become D state free to rotate, then door D applies power by the rotation of helical spring 5, rotates to closing direction via hinge body 2.Door D butt support unit S, S and turn to the position of closing of closing peristome Ba.And door D is kept and is closed the position by the applying power of helical spring 5.
Like this, hinge means 1,1 of the present invention ' in, owing to carry out rotation urging,, can make a D close rotation so do not need blocking mechanism such as door closer by 5 pairs of hinge axis of helical spring 3.And helical spring 5 makes hinge axis 3 use along the force application mechanism of its axis direction application of force as being used to, and can make hinge means 1,1 ' the have function as rotating mechanism so need hardly to add new structural element.Therefore, can low-cost production have the hinge means 1,1 of rotating mechanism '.
In addition, the invention is not restricted to the foregoing description, can do suitable change in the scope that does not break away from its main idea.
For example, in the foregoing description, hinge body 2 is installed on the D, and hinge axis 3 is not attached on the framework B rotationally, but also hinge body 2 can be installed on the framework B, and hinge axis 3 is not attached on the hinge axis 3 rotationally.
In addition, connect apertures 6a can be set directly on framework B or the door D.Certainly, at this moment, be not limited to link parts 6.
And then, in the foregoing description, close position side by helical spring 5 opposite house D from the open position side direction and carry out rotation urging, but also can be from closing position side to open position side rotation urging.

Claims (3)

1. hinge means, it has: hinge body, rotatable and can be arranged on hinge axis on this hinge body movably along axis direction, be arranged between this hinge axis and the above-mentioned hinge body and to the force application mechanism of above-mentioned hinge axis along its axis direction application of force, it is characterized in that
Above-mentioned hinge axis by above-mentioned force application mechanism to a direction rotation urging,
On above-mentioned hinge axis, can not be provided with latch for printed circuit rotationally,
Above-mentioned latch for printed circuit thus, stops above-mentioned hinge axis further to rotate to an above-mentioned direction with respect to above-mentioned hinge body owing to the active force of above-mentioned force application mechanism abuts to above-mentioned hinge body,
Use the outer helical spring that is inserted on the above-mentioned hinge axis as above-mentioned force application mechanism, an end card that constitutes above-mentioned helical spring wire rod ends on above-mentioned hinge body, end on above-mentioned hinge axis via above-mentioned latch for printed circuit card the other end, so that this helical spring can make this hinge axis rotate to an above-mentioned direction to the above-mentioned hinge axis application of force.
2. hinge means comprises: hinge body, its have be opened in the dead eye on the end face and be installed in framework and rotor on any one; Hinge axis, it is rotatable and can insert above-mentioned dead eye movably along axis direction, can insert from the outstanding end of above-mentioned dead eye to be arranged on above-mentioned framework and the above-mentioned rotor in any connect apertures on another with plugging; Force application mechanism, its along from above-mentioned dead eye to the direction of above-mentioned connect apertures to this hinge axis application of force, it is characterized in that,
Above-mentioned hinge axis can not insert above-mentioned connect apertures rotationally and by above-mentioned force application mechanism to a direction rotation urging,
On above-mentioned hinge axis, can not be provided with latch for printed circuit rotationally,
Above-mentioned latch for printed circuit thus, stops above-mentioned hinge axis further to rotate to an above-mentioned direction with respect to above-mentioned hinge body owing to the active force of above-mentioned force application mechanism abuts to above-mentioned hinge body,
Use the outer helical spring that is inserted on the above-mentioned hinge axis as above-mentioned force application mechanism, an end card that constitutes above-mentioned helical spring wire rod ends on above-mentioned hinge body, end on above-mentioned hinge axis via above-mentioned latch for printed circuit card the other end, so that this helical spring can make this hinge axis rotate to an above-mentioned direction to the above-mentioned hinge axis application of force.
3. hinge means as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, above-mentioned on another in above-mentioned framework and above-mentioned rotor, be provided with above-mentioned framework and above-mentioned rotor in the binding parts that form of above-mentioned another split, be formed with above-mentioned connect apertures on these binding parts.
CN 200510113894 2004-10-22 2005-10-21 Hindge device Expired - Fee Related CN1763343B (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP308557/04 2004-10-22
JP2004308557A JP4348626B2 (en) 2004-10-22 2004-10-22 Hinge device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1763343A CN1763343A (en) 2006-04-26
CN1763343B true CN1763343B (en) 2011-12-07

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200510113894 Expired - Fee Related CN1763343B (en) 2004-10-22 2005-10-21 Hindge device

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CN (1) CN1763343B (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5008115B2 (en) * 2006-02-09 2012-08-22 日東工業株式会社 hinge
JP4555315B2 (en) * 2007-03-19 2010-09-29 Necインフロンティア株式会社 Storage box
KR200467638Y1 (en) * 2011-02-08 2013-06-25 주식회사 화신 Door hinge assembly and cabinet having the assembly
JP6363914B2 (en) * 2014-08-29 2018-07-25 タキゲン製造株式会社 Pivot hinge
CN105133981B (en) * 2015-08-28 2017-07-07 佛山市商祺门业有限公司 The erecting device and door of door
KR102152937B1 (en) * 2020-03-11 2020-09-07 박윤한 Spring Hinge For Checking Door
KR102152963B1 (en) * 2020-03-11 2020-09-07 박윤한 Checking Door with Spring Hinge

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000045614A (en) * 1998-07-31 2000-02-15 Sugatsune Ind Co Ltd Free stop hinge
CN1435648A (en) * 2002-01-29 2003-08-13 乐金电子(天津)电器有限公司 Combined hinge for electric refrigerator
JP2004076398A (en) * 2002-08-19 2004-03-11 Takigen Mfg Co Ltd Retractable hinge

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000045614A (en) * 1998-07-31 2000-02-15 Sugatsune Ind Co Ltd Free stop hinge
CN1435648A (en) * 2002-01-29 2003-08-13 乐金电子(天津)电器有限公司 Combined hinge for electric refrigerator
JP2004076398A (en) * 2002-08-19 2004-03-11 Takigen Mfg Co Ltd Retractable hinge

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JP2006118264A (en) 2006-05-11
JP4348626B2 (en) 2009-10-21
CN1763343A (en) 2006-04-26

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