CN1704957A - Apparatus and method for dynamically assembling operation flow model - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for dynamically assembling operation flow model Download PDF

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CN1704957A
CN1704957A CNA2004100472899A CN200410047289A CN1704957A CN 1704957 A CN1704957 A CN 1704957A CN A2004100472899 A CNA2004100472899 A CN A2004100472899A CN 200410047289 A CN200410047289 A CN 200410047289A CN 1704957 A CN1704957 A CN 1704957A
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business process
model
process model
enterprise
conflict
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CNA2004100472899A
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田忠
朱俊
王健
梁海奇
丁伟
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国际商业机器公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/10Office automation, e.g. computer aided management of electronic mail or groupware; Time management, e.g. calendars, reminders, meetings or time accounting
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • G06Q10/063Operations research or analysis
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • G06Q10/067Business modelling
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/02Marketing, e.g. market research and analysis, surveying, promotions, advertising, buyer profiling, customer management or rewards; Price estimation or determination
    • G06Q30/0201Market data gathering, market analysis or market modelling
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/10Services
    • G06Q50/18Legal services; Handling legal documents
    • G06Q50/188Electronic negotiation

Abstract

This invention relates to a device and a method for dynamically assembling service flow models, among which, said device is set in the enterprise terminal connecting with the network and includes a module set-up component used in setting up a service flow model for said enterprise, retrieval component retrieving to get service flow models of other enterprises from said network and an assembly component for assembling service flow models of said enterprise and other enterprise to get a complete one.

Description

动态组装业务流程模型的装置和方法 Assembling apparatus and method for dynamic business process model

技术领域 FIELD

本发明一般地涉及电子商务中有关商业合作的装置和方法,具体地涉及在大型电子商务网络环境中动态地组装业务流程模型的装置和方法。 The present invention relates to apparatus and methods related to electronic commerce business collaboration in general, particularly to a method and apparatus to dynamically assemble a business process model in a large e-commerce network environments.

背景技术 Background technique

通过集成方式进行的动态电子商务合作是大量的信息技术和服务公司所开发的现有技术。 Dynamic e-business cooperation through an integrated approach is a lot of prior art information technology and services developed by the company. 在动态商业环境中,需求和供给多数都是由每个独立的商业事件本身驱动的。 In a dynamic business environment, demand and supply itself is mostly driven by each individual business events. 对各个合作方而言,短期和动态的合作正在取代固有的、长期的伙伴关系而成为主流。 For each partner, the short-term and dynamic cooperation are replacing the inherent, long-term partnership to become mainstream. 这个新商业模式的关键问题在于人们如何能够从这个特殊和动态的关系中受益,或者从另一个观点来看,我们如何能够保证那些有意向的企业如它们所期望的那样减少成本和提高效率。 The key question is how a new business model that people can benefit from this special and dynamic relationship, or from another point of view, how can we ensure that those companies that have the intention to reduce costs and increase efficiency as they desired.

对于要使整个合作的生命周期完全自动化和流程化的企业来说,需要一种能够证明、促进和实践这种新电子商务模式的装置和方法,而这种装置和方法的关键问题在于,我们如何能够通过在实际运行之前消除合作方之间可能仍然存在的、共有的商业和/或IT(信息技术)问题,而保障在大型电子商务环境中的运行效率和有效性。 To make the entire life cycle of cooperation for the fully automated and process-oriented enterprises, need a way to prove that the promotion and apparatus and method of this new e-commerce model of practice, but the key problem with this device and method is that we how can by eliminating between partners may still exist, there are business and / or IT (Information Technology) problems before they actually run, and guarantee operational efficiency and effectiveness in large e-commerce environment.

为了解决这个问题,不同的企业已经提出了一些现有的方法。 To solve this problem, different companies have some of the existing methods proposed. 例如,ebXML(e-business Extensible Markup Language-电子商务可扩展标记语言)初始标准为在线B2B(商业至商业)交易定义了“建模-公布-发现-交换”的循环。 For example, ebXML (e-business Extensible Markup Language- e-commerce eXtensible Markup Language) standards for initial online B2B (business to business) transactions defines a "model - announced - Discovery - exchanging" cycle. 每个合作方都将创建并公布CPP(合作方协议),以指定其商业能力和所支持的交互协议,在各个合作方之间进行协商之后,达成CPA(合作方协定),以限定这个联合体的构成及所有各方都同意的交互协议。 Each partner will be created and published CPP (partner agreements), and the ability to specify their business interaction protocols supported, after consultation between the various partners, to achieve CPA (partner agreements), to define the joint body composition and all parties agreed that the interaction protocols. 在CPP和CPA中允许对流程规范的链接,而这种链接仅仅被用作为该协商方式的外部支持,ebXML并不支持对不同合作方的不同CPP之间可能存在不一致情况进行检查和发现。 Process specification allows links to the CPP and the CPA, and this link is only used as external support of the negotiation, the ebXML does not support the case where there may be inconsistencies between the various partners of different CPP inspection and discovery. 在大多数情况下,对合作方之间的流程模型的理解、校验和调和需要大量的人工参与,因此会导致时间和资金上的大量开销。 In most cases, the process model of understanding between the partners, checking and reconciliation requires a lot of manual work, thus causing a lot of time and money on overhead.

有些公司也试图通过网络服务设备和相关协议来解决动态电子商务关系的问题。 Some companies have attempted to solve the problem of dynamic e-business relationships through the network equipment and related services agreement. WSDL(Web Service Definition Language-网络服务定义语言)被用来定义由企业所公开的业务调用接口。 WSDL (Web Service Definition Language- web services definition language) is used to define business call interface disclosed by the companies. UDDI被企业用来公开其商业信息,以及其所支持的业务,然后这些商业信息和被支持的业务可以被感兴趣的潜在合作方查询和检索。 UDDI is used by businesses to disclose their business information, as well as the business it supports, then these potential partners and business information service that can be supported are interested in search and retrieval.

UDDI(Universal Description,Discovery and Integration-通用描述、发现和集成)技术委员会的目的是发展关于网络业务注册基础工作,UDDI规范形成了在企业内部和企业之间公布和发现网络实现的必要技术基础。 UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery and Integration- Universal Description, Discovery and Integration) technology purpose of the Commission is to develop network services registered on the basis of work, UDDI specification formed the basis for the necessary technology within and between enterprises and enterprise publishing and discovery of networks. 有关UDDI规范等的详细信息可以在以下地址找到:http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php? For more information about UDDI specification, etc. can be found at the following address: http: //www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php? wg_abbrev=uddi-spec。 wg_abbrev = uddi-spec.

然后,在运行时间使用SOAP(Simple Object Access Protocol-简单对象访问协议-由例如WSIF(Web Service Invocation Framework-网络服务调用主机)的其它标准强化)来支持网络业务的调用。 Then, using SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol- Simple Object Access Protocol - reinforced with other standards such as WSIF (Web Service Invocation Framework- web service calls host)) at runtime to support the call of network services. 新采用的业务流程模型BPEL(Business Process Execution Language-业务过程执行语言)协议被用来对网络业务的执行流程进行建模。 New business process model used BPEL (Business Process Execution Language- Business Process Execution Language) protocol is used to perform network traffic flow modeling.

这些协议的主要问题是对在执行阶段之前能够进行业务流程校验和对其中存在的问题进行消除的过程缺乏支持。 The main problem with these agreements is to be able to carry out business processes and verification process to eliminate the existing problems of lack of support prior to the implementation phase. 在商业合作的实际执行阶段,直到最终碰到问题的时候,才会发现许多业务流程在逻辑上的错误。 In the actual implementation phase of commercial cooperation, the time until the final encounter problems, will find many business processes errors on logic. 不同合作方的业务流程之间的逻辑冲突一般很难在开始阶段就被表现出来,因此使得解决冲突的协商变成冗长和低效率的工作。 Logic conflicts between different partner business processes generally difficult in the beginning was demonstrated, thus making a negotiated settlement of the conflict become lengthy and inefficient work. 所有上述协议都定义在IT级,因此很难表现与业务流程相关的逻辑问题。 All these agreements are defined in the IT level, it is difficult to show the logical problems associated with business processes.

为了解决业务流程级别的冲突,在各个合作方之间进行协商的现有方法要求所有的合作方都要参加对全局业务流程模型的讨论,以避免冲突,而这些方法存在如下缺点:(1)要所有的合作方对整个的业务执行逻辑具有全局的观点是困难的,而且是不必要的;(2)很难发现、表示和通知合作方之间的业务流程冲突;(3)将所有合作方同时集中在一起进行面对面的协商是不方便的;和(4)由于可能涉及大量的合作方,上述这些方法显然不能支持大型商业合作关系。 In order to address the business process level of conflict, the existing methods of consultation between the various partners requires that all partners should participate in the discussion of the global business process models, in order to avoid conflict, but has the disadvantage of these methods: (1) to view all of the partners has a global execution of the entire business logic it is difficult and unnecessary; (2) hard to find, business process conflicts between representation and inform partners; (3) all cooperation party together at the same time face to face consultation is inconvenient; and (4) may be involved due to the large number of partners, these methods obviously can not support large-scale commercial partnership.

发明内容 SUMMARY

为了解决上述存在的问题,本发明的目的是提供一种装置和方法,使企业能够在大型电子商务环境中动态、高效和低成本地准备、建立、组装、校验和执行商业合作项目。 In order to solve the above problems, the present invention is to provide an apparatus and method, enabling enterprises to dynamic, efficient and low cost in large-scale e-commerce environment to prepare, build, assemble, verify and execute the business cooperation projects.

因此,本发明提供一种用于动态组装业务流程模型的装置,配置在连接于网络的企业终端中,所述装置具有模型建立部件,用于为所述企业建立业务流程模型,其特征在于,所述装置还包括:检索部件,进行检索以从所述网络获得其它企业的业务流程模型;和组装部件,用于将所述企业的业务流程模型与其它企业的业务流程模型进行组装,以得到整体业务流程模型。 Accordingly, the present invention provides an apparatus for assembling a dynamic model for the business process, arranged in the terminal connected to the enterprise network, the device model having means for establishing the enterprise business process model, wherein, said apparatus further comprising: retrieval means for retrieving business process model to obtain from the network the other business; and assembly means, the enterprise business process model for the process model to be assembled with other business enterprises, to give overall business process model.

本发明的上述装置还包括:公布部件,用于在所述网络上公布所述企业的业务流程模型;冲突检测部件,用于模拟和分析所述整体业务流程模型,以检测其中是否存在冲突,当检测到所述整体业务流程模型中存在冲突时,产生冲突报告;冲突解决辅助部件,用于通过所述网络向所述其它企业发送和/或从所述其它企业接收所述冲突报告,以利于协商解决所述冲突。 The above-described apparatus of the invention further comprises: publishing means for publishing the business process model on the network; conflict detection means for integrally business process model simulation and the analysis to detect whether a conflict exists where, when a conflict is detected in the whole business process model, conflict report; auxiliary conflict resolution means for transmitting to said other companies and / or received from the other companies the violation or via the network to conducive to a negotiated settlement of the conflict.

在本发明中,所述公布部件将所述企业的业务流程模型发布到网络中的UDDI注册表上,所述检索部件从所述UDDI注册表检索并获得其它企业的业务流程模型。 In the present invention, the means to release the publication enterprise business process model to the network in the UDDI registry, the retrieval means retrieves from the UDDI registry and access to other enterprise business process model.

本发明还提供一种用于动态组装业务流程模型的方法,用于在企业的网络终端中为所述企业建立业务流程模型,其特征在于所述方法还包括:检索步骤,在所述网络中进行检索以获得其它企业的业务流程模型;和组装步骤,将所述企业的业务流程模型与其它企业的业务流程模型进行组装,以得到整体业务流程模型。 The present invention also provides a method of assembling a dynamic model for the business process, used to model business processes in the business enterprise to the network terminal, wherein said method further comprises: the step of retrieving, in said network searching to obtain other enterprise business process model; and assembly steps, the enterprise business process model to be assembled with other enterprise business process model to obtain the overall business process model.

本发明的方法还包括:公布步骤,在所述网络上公布所述企业的业务流程模型;冲突检测步骤,用于模拟和分析所述整体业务流程模型,以检测其中是否存在冲突,当检测到所述整体业务流程模型中存在冲突时,产生冲突报告;冲突解决辅助步骤,通过所述网络向所述其它企业发送和/或从所述其它企业接收所述冲突报告,以利于协商解决所述冲突。 The method of the present invention further comprises: the step of publishing, the enterprise business process model published on the network; conflict detection step for simulating and analyzing the overall business process model, wherein in order to detect whether a conflict exists, when detecting the overall business process model there is a conflict, conflict report; auxiliary conflict resolution step, to the transmission and other businesses / enterprises receiving from said other violation or via the network, in order to facilitate the consultation conflict.

在本发明的方法中,所述公布步骤将所述企业的业务流程模型发布到网络中的UDDI注册表上,所述检索步骤从所述UDDI注册表检索并获得其它企业的业务流程模型。 In the method of the present invention, the step of publishing the publication enterprise business process model to the network in the UDDI registry, said retrieving step retrieves from the UDDI registry and access to other enterprise business process model.

本发明还提供一种用于在大型电子商务网络中动态组装业务流程模型的系统,包括多个用于动态组装业务流程模型的装置,所述装置配置于通过网络连接的多个企业的终端中,并具有模型建立部件,用于为配置所述装置的企业建立业务流程模型,其特征在于所述装置还包括:检索部件,进行检索以从所述网络获得其它企业的业务流程模型;组装部件,用于将所述企业的业务流程模型与其它企业的业务流程模型进行组装,以得到整体业务流程模型;冲突检测部件,模拟和分析所述整体业务流程模型,以检测其中是否存在冲突,当检测到所述整体业务流程模型中存在冲突时产生冲突报告;以及冲突解决辅助部件,用于通过所述网络向所述其它企业发送和/或从所述其它企业接收所述冲突报告,以利于协商解决所述冲突。 The present invention further provides a system for dynamic assembly business process model for large e-commerce network, comprising assembling a plurality of means for dynamically model a business process, the apparatus is configured by a plurality of enterprise networks are connected to a terminal and having model means for establishing a business process to the device configuration enterprise model, wherein said apparatus further comprising: retrieval means for retrieving business process model to obtain from the other enterprise network; assembling member for the enterprise business process model with other enterprise business process model assembly, to obtain the overall business process model; conflict detection means, simulate and analyze the overall business process model, in order to detect whether a conflict exists where, when conflict detecting a conflict report when the process model to the overall business; conflict resolution and an auxiliary member, for transmitting to said other companies and / or received from the other companies the violation or via the network, in order to facilitate negotiated settlement of the conflict.

本发明的特点在于,让每个企业定义并公布其自己的业务流程模型,然后当有业务合作的机会时,与可能的合作方动态地交换这些业务流程模型。 Feature of the invention is to allow each business to define and publish their own business process model, and then when the opportunity to have business cooperation with potential partners to dynamically exchange of these business process models. 业务流程模型是根据事先规定好的方案和规范来创建的,以将其本身作为与其它业务流程模型相连接的部件而公布。 Business process model is a good prespecified programs and specifications to create, as a member to the other is connected to the business process model and the publication itself. 根据期望进行何种校验和协商,这些业务流程模型可以包括、也可以不包括该业务所支持的交互相关协议。 What conduct check and consultation in accordance with expectations, these business process models may include or may not include the services related to the interaction protocol supported. 然后,每个合作方从其自己的角度出发来组装这些作为部件的模型,以创建集成的整体模型。 Then, each partner from its own point of view as a model to assemble these components to create an integrated global model. 然后,这些集成的整体模型可以被仿真和分析,以在实际运行阶段之前检查各个合作方执行电子商务合作的有效性/POI(Return ofInvestment-投资回报)。 Then, these integrated whole model can be simulated and analyzed to check all the partners before the actual implementation of the operational phase of the effectiveness of e-commerce cooperation / POI (Return ofInvestment- return on investment).

每一方可以根据其自己的观点对流程模型进行组装和检查,使得不需要每一方都具有所有合作方的全局观点,而这种全局观点在大型电子商务环境中是很难获得的。 Each party may be based on its own view of the assembly and inspection process model that does not require each party has a global view of all the partners, and this holistic view in large e-commerce environment is difficult to obtain. 通过利用软件算法或在具有图形用户接口的工具的辅助下将该流程的关键步骤自动化。 By using software algorithms or the flow in the auxiliary tool having a graphical user interface to automate key steps. 接口定义方案和规范强化了该流程模型的有效性,并保证了与所集成的整体模型中的其它部件的兼容性。 Interface definition programs and strengthen the validity of the specification process model, and to ensure compatibility with other components of the integrated whole of the model.

本发明另一个关键特点是,当在所集成的整体流程模型中检测到一些冲突时,能够在业务合作方之间发送和/或接收可视化冲突要点报告。 Another key feature of the present invention, when detecting a number of conflicts in the overall integrated process model, traffic can be transmitted between the partner and / or receiving elements visual conflict report. 利用本发明的装置和方法,各合作方可以进行在线协商,以发现解决业务流程级别冲突的方案,以继续他们的电子商务活动。 Using the apparatus and method of the present invention, each partner can be carried out online consultations in order to find solutions to the business process level of conflict to continue their e-commerce activities.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

通过下面结合附图对本发明实施例的详细描述,本发明的其它特点和优点将变得更加明显,其中:图1是实现本发明在大型电子商务网络环境中动态组装业务流程模型的装置的方框图;图2是示出本发明的方法要点的示意图; 1 is a block diagram of apparatus in the network environment large e-commerce business process model of the dynamic assembly of the present invention is implemented: Detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention will DRAWINGS Other features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent ; FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating the gist of the method of the present invention;

图3是示出的业务流程模型的示意图;图4是示出通过将两个业务流程模型组装在一起而形成的整体业务流程模型的示意图;图5是示出通过将两个业务流程模型组装在一起而形成的整体业务流程模型的另一个示意图;图6是示出整体业务流程模型中发生冲突的示意图;图7是示出整体业务流程模型中发生冲突的实际例子的示意图;和图8是示出整体业务流程模型中发生冲突的实际例子的另一个示意图。 3 is a schematic of a business process model shown; FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating the overall business process model formed by the two assembled business process model; FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating the business process model by assembling two another view of an entire business process models together to form; FIG. 6 is a diagram showing the conflict in the whole business process model; FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram illustrating an example of actual conflict overall business process model; and FIG. 8 It is a schematic view illustrating another example of actual conflict overall business process model.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面结合附图对本发明的实施例进行更详细地说明。 Next, embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

图1是实现本发明的用于动态组装业务流程模型的装置100的方框图。 FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the apparatus 100 for assembly operations dynamic process model to achieve the present invention. 装置100是基于Java/XML技术实现的原型设备,其可配置于通过网络连接的各个企业的终端中,所述终端可以是通用目的计算机,也可以是集成了本发明装置100的专用计算设备。 Apparatus 100 based on the prototype device is Java / XML technology, which may be disposed a terminal connected through a network in various enterprises, the terminal may be a general purpose computer, it may be a special purpose computing device integrated device 100 according to the present invention. 同时,所述终端可以具有例如键盘、鼠标、写字板、麦克风等的输入装置,用于为用户提供输入选择、确定等的信息,还可以具有例如显示器、扬声器和其它输出接口等的输出装置。 Meanwhile, the terminal may have an input device such as keyboard, mouse, tablet, microphone, etc., to provide the user input to select, determine such information, may also have an output device such as a display, speakers, and other output interfaces and the like. 另外,该终端中具有所有计算设备中都有的例如中央处理单元(CPU)、随机存取存储器(RAM)、只读存储器(ROM)、数据总线和命令总线等通用部件,用于控制和辅助执行本发明中的各个功能部件。 Further, the terminal member having a general purpose computing device has all of a central processing unit (CPU), a random access memory (RAM), a read only memory (ROM), a data bus and a command bus and the like, for controlling and auxiliary perform various functions in the components of the present invention.

从图1中可见,装置100与互联网300相连接,并可与某些著名的电子商务市场网站相连接,该电子商务市场网站例如具有UDDI注册表200。 Seen from FIG. 1, the device 100 is connected to the Internet 300, and may be connected to some known e-commerce market site, the e-commerce site, for example, the market has a UDDI registry 200. 其中UDDI注册表200可以也位于网络服务器(未示出)上。 Wherein the UDDI registry 200 can be a network server (not shown). 本发明实施例中的网络服务器(未示出)和UDDI注册表200优选地位于互联网300上。 Embodiment of a network in a server (not shown) and a UDDI registry 200 is preferably located on the Internet 300 of the invention.

本实施例中的设备100包括:模型创建和组装器110,用于为所述企业建立业务流程模型,并用来将不同企业(潜在的合作方)的业务流程模型连接在一起,以形成完整的业务流程模型(以下称为“整体业务流程模型”)。 Model creation and assembly 110 for establishing the enterprise business process model, and is used to connect together different enterprises (potential partners) business process model, to form a complete: the device 100 in the present embodiment includes business process model (hereinafter referred to as "the overall business process model"). 这里,该业务流程模型可分为内部业务流程模型和接口业务流程模型两种。 Here, the business process model can be divided into two internal interfaces and a business process model business process models. 该内部业务流程模型是指企业内部自己需要维护的业务流程,其不需要与其它企业的业务流程模型进行组装,不被发布到网络上,对其它企业来说也是不可见的,为简便起见,以下将其称为内部模型(由于其并不是本发明的要点,此说明书中将不对其进行更详细的描述)。 The internal business process model refers to the need to maintain their own internal business processes, it does not need with other enterprise business process model assembly, not to be released to the network for other companies is not visible, for simplicity, hereinafter referred to as the internal model (described in more detail since it is not essential to the invention, this description will not be). 而接口业务流程模型则是要与其它有潜在合作可能的企业(潜在的合作方)所发布的接口业务流程模型进行组装、以得到整体业务流程模型的重要组成部分。 The interface to the business process model is to have an interface with other business process model potential business cooperation possible (potential partners) published assembled to give an important part of the overall business process model. 为简便起见,以下将接口业务流程模型称为“接口模型”,将整体业务流程模型称为“整体模型”。 For simplicity, the following interface business process model called "interface model", the overall business process model called "global model."

另外,本发明的模型创建和组装器110还可以实现为两个不同的部件,用于分别完成为企业建立业务流程模型和将其它不同企业的业务流程模型连接在一起这两个功能,而使这两个功能不必完全由模型创建和组装器110一个部件来承担。 Further, model creation and assembly 110 of the present invention may also be implemented as two different members, respectively, for the completion of the enterprise model business processes and the various other enterprise business process model together these two functions, the these two functions need not be completely and create a component assembly 110 is borne by the model.

本实施例中的装置100还包括:冲突检测引擎120,用于在实际运行之前,对由模型创建和组装器110所创建的整体模型进行模拟及分析(即仿真),并检测其中是否存在冲突,如果其中存在冲突,则根据检测结果产生可视化的冲突要点报告。 The apparatus of the present embodiment 100 further comprising: a collision detection engine 120, prior to actual operation, the overall model is created by the assembler and the model 110 is created by simulation and analysis (i.e. simulated), and wherein detecting whether a conflict , wherein if there is a conflict, a conflict is generated visual points report the detection results. 这种冲突要点报告可以是文本消息、视频图像和音频消息中的一种,也可以是其中几种形式的组合。 This report may be a conflict point text message, video image and audio message, which may be a combination of several forms. 当然,本领域技术人员可以利用和得知的其它方式也可以用作为该冲突要点报告的表现形式。 Of course, other means may be utilized and those skilled in the art that can also be used as a form of the collision point report.

本实施例的装置100还包括:模型管理器130,用于存储并维护由模型创建和组装器110所创建的企业的内部模型,并负责与外部的UDDI注册表200进行联系,以将自己的接口模型发布到UDDI注册表200上,或从UDDI注册表200上取回潜在合作方的接口模型,并基于UDDI机制维护和管理所有的这些模型。 Apparatus 100 of the present embodiment further comprising: a model manager 130 for storing and maintaining the internal model created by the model created by the assembler 110 and the enterprise, and for registry with an external contact UDDI 200 so as to their interface model published to a UDDI registry 200, or retrieve interface model of potential partners, and all of these models UDDI maintenance and management mechanisms based on the UDDI registry 200.

本实施例的装置100还包括:项目管理器140,用于创建、存储和管理业务合作项目,其中该业务合作项目包括:由模型创建和组装器110所创建的本企业的接口模型、潜在合作方的接口模型以及经组装的整体模型。 Apparatus 100 of the present embodiment further comprises: Project Manager 140 for creating, storing and managing the business partnership project, wherein the business cooperation include: creating and assembler 110 created by the interface model of the enterprise model, a potential cooperative party interface model and the overall model was assembled.

本实施例的装置100还包括:冲突解决辅助工具150,用于发布冲突检测引擎120所产生的冲突要点报告,并通过连接于所述网络300的SMR(安全消息路由器)与潜在的合作方进行交流,以协商解决各个模型之间的冲突并重新建模等。 The apparatus of the present embodiment 100 further comprising: conflict resolution auxiliary tool 150, for issuing collision detection report conflict points generated by engine 120, and is connected to the network via SMR 300 (security message router) with potential partners exchange, negotiated settlement to the conflict between the various models and re-modeling. 上述潜在的合作方实质上就是发布了构成该整体模型的其它接口模型的其它企业。 Above potential partners released the other companies essentially constitute other interface model of the whole of the model. 上述“交流”包括冲突解决辅助工具150向其它企业发送冲突要点报告的过程,当然如果需要的话,它也从所述其它企业接收冲突要点报告。 The above-described "AC" collision resolution procedure including transmission collision points auxiliary tool 150 reports to other businesses, of course, if desired, it also receives reports from the conflict points other companies.

本实施例的模型管理器130包括:发布器132,用于通过网络将自己的接口模型发布到UDDI注册表200上,并维护和管理这些流程;检索器134,用于进行检索,以从所述网络获得其它企业的接口模型,也就是从UDDI注册表200上取回潜在合作方的接口模型;以及注册表136,用于存储并维护由模型创建和组装器110所创建的企业的内部模型。 Model manager 130 of the present embodiment comprises: publisher 132 for publishing through a network interface model to its own UDDI registry 200, and maintains and manages these processes; retriever 134 for retrieving, from the order said network interface to obtain other business models, i.e. models of potential partners to retrieve interfaces from the UDDI registry 200; and a registry 136 for storing and maintaining the internal model created by the model created by the assembler 110 and the enterprise .

另外,本实施例的项目管理器140包括:模型存储器142,该模型存储器142是业务流程模型的暂存区,当有一个潜在的商业合作项目时,就将自己的有关流程(包括内部模型和接口模型)和检索器134所得到的潜在合作方的接口模型都放在这个暂存区中,将建立起连接的组装图(即经组装的整体模型)也放在这里;以及冲突信息存储器144,用于存储冲突检测引擎120检测到的所有冲突信息以及所产生的可视化冲突要点报告。 Further, the project manager 140 of the present embodiment comprises: a memory model 142, the model 142 is a scratch pad memory business process model, when there is a potential business partnership project, will own the relevant processes (including internal model and potential partners interface model interface model) and the crawlers 134 are obtained in the temporary storage area, the assembled view (i.e., the assembled whole model) may also establish a connection on here; and collision information memory 144 , collision detection engine 120 for storing all the detected conflicts, and visualization of information generated reports conflict points.

下面参照图2说明本发明的方法,图2是示出本发明的方法要点的示意图。 The method of the present invention is described below in FIG. 2, FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the method of the present invention is shown with reference to point. 从图2可见,本发明的要点包括:建立业务流程模型(方块401);进行检索以从所述网络获得其它业务流程模型(方块402);将所述业务流程模型与所述其它业务流程模型进行组装,以得到整体业务流程模型(方块403)。 Seen from Figure 2, the gist of the present invention comprises: establishing a business process model (block 401); searching for additional business process model (block 402) from the network; the other business process model of the business process model assembled to give the overall business process model (block 403). 其中在方块402中,本发明还通过网络公布本身所建立的业务流程模型。 Wherein in block 402, the present invention also announced business process model established by the network itself. 另外,本发明还包括:模拟及分析所述整体业务流程模型,以检测其中是否存在冲突,并且当检测到所述整体业务流程模型中存在冲突时,产生冲突报告(方块404);以及通过所述网络向所述其它企业发送该冲突报告,以协商解决所述冲突(方块405)。 Further, the present invention further comprises: simulation and analysis of the overall business process model, wherein in order to detect whether a conflict exists, and when a conflict is detected in the whole business process model, conflict report (block 404); and by the said network to send the report to the conflict other companies to negotiate to resolve the conflict (block 405). 下面将对此进行详细的描述。 This will be described in detail below.

在方块401,每个企业通过模型创建和组装器110建立它们各自的业务流程模型,包括内部模型和接口模型,但是这个建立过程的重点在于建立接口模型,作为业务合作执行期间所期望的输入/输出模型。 At block 401, each firm to establish their respective business process model by model creation and assembly 110, including the internal model and interface model, but the focus of this building process is to establish an interface model, as during the execution of business cooperation desired input / output model. 在这一阶段,该企业可以使用建模工具(即模型创建和组装器110)从零开始来建立各个模型,或者也可以借助于一些现有的工业标准模板来建立其业务流程模型(如方块407所示)。 At this stage, the company can use modeling tools (ie, model creation and assembly 110) from scratch to build each model, or it can be by means of some of the existing industry standard templates to build their business process models (such as squares FIG 407). 使用建模工具可以保证业务流程模型和工业标准模板将遵从一些预定的方案和规范,使得来自于不同合作方的接口模型可以被组装为一个集成的模型(即整体模型)。 You may use a modeling tool to ensure that the business process model and industry standards will follow some predefined templates and program specifications, such interface model from different partners may be assembled to the model (i.e., the entire model) an integrated. 在接口模型中可以包括输入/输出数据格式等。 In the model the interface may include input / output data format. 另外,所述的工业标准模板可以配置于UDDI注册表200上,也可以配置于各个企业的终端中。 Further, according to industry standard template can be disposed on the UDDI registry 200, the terminal may be arranged in various enterprises.

在方块401所建立的业务流程模型可以如图3所示,其中示出了企业A的某个接口模型。 In block 401 the business process model shown in Figure 3 may be established, which shows a model of an interface A of enterprise. 从图3中可以看到,企业A在节点1发出订单,经过节点2的逻辑判断后,在满足某种条件的情况下,在节点3接收所需要的模型数据X,或是在满足另一种条件的情况下,在节点4接收所需要的模型数据Y。 As it can be seen in FIG. 3, the enterprise node A sends orders 1, 2 after the node logic of judgment, in a case where a certain condition is satisfied, the node 3 receives the data needed to model X, or meet another in the case of two conditions, the node 4 receives the data model required to Y. 然后,经过预定逻辑算法,在节点5处形成企业A所需要的业务结果。 Then, after a predetermined logic algorithms, formed business enterprise A desired result at node 5. 结果,该接口模型形成了接口1'、3'和4',其中,接口3'和4'是附有条件的接口。 As a result, the interface model forms the interface 1 ', 3' and 4 ', wherein the interface 3' and 4 'is a conditional interface. 另外,该接口模型可以具有该企业的描述信息,这些描述信息包括企业A的名称、性质、规模、经营范围、地址、联系方式等等任何有关该企业A的信息,这些描述信息可以通过本领域技术人员能够想到的任何数据格式记录在该接口模型中。 In addition, the interface model can have a description of the company's information, the description information includes any information about the company A, company A name, nature, scale, scope of business, address, contact information, etc. These descriptions can be art any data format record occur to skilled person in this interface model.

当然,内部模型与接口模型之间也需要有接口,但是,由于企业的内部模型和该企业的接口模型都是由本企业的人员设计完成的,因此这些接口之间不会有本发明所述的冲突问题。 Of course, also need to have an interface between the interface model and the internal model, however, since the internal model of the enterprise and the enterprise interface model is designed by the person skilled in the completion of the enterprise, it will not have the interfaces between the present invention conflict. 内部模型的接口与接口模型的接口可以采用相同的原则来设计,或者,也可以省略内部模型而将其建立在接口模型的内部,形成唯一的业务流程模型。 Interface Interface interface model internal model may be designed using the same principles, or may be omitted and the internal model which was established in the internal interface model, the only form of business process model. 在这种情况下,该模型内部将具有更加复杂的逻辑关系和算法。 In this case, the interior of the model having a more complex logic and algorithms.

在方块402中,企业A利用发布器132、通过互联网300或其它网络(可以包括本领域技术人员能够实现的、在其上执行电子商务的任何大型网络)将所建立的接口模型公布到网络服务器(未示出)上或网络中的UDDI注册表200中。 In block 402, the use of enterprise A publisher 132, 300 through the Internet or other networks (including skilled in the art can be achieved in any network on which to perform large-scale e-commerce) interface model will be released to the established network server (not shown) or a UDDI registry network 200. 在UDDI注册表200中,包括具有相同意向、兴趣或利益的各个潜在合作方的接口模型(如图2中的方块406所示)。 In a UDDI registry 200, including having the same intent, (block 2 shown in FIG. 406) each potential partners interest or interests interface model. 同时,这个接口模型与该企业的描述信息一起被公布到UDDI注册表200(也可以是互联网上某个可用的公共站点)上,使得其它企业通过施加基于某些标准的查询,可以动态地查找并发现企业A的这个接口模型。 At the same time, the interface with the business model description information to be published together with the UDDI registry 200 (which may be a public site available on the Internet) so that other companies by applying queries based on certain criteria, can dynamically find this interface model and found that firm a.

当然,该企业A也可以定义一些策略来限定其它潜在的合作方是否可以检索其接口模型,或者是否该检索行为需要发布该接口模型的企业A的同意。 Of course, the company A can also define strategies to define whether other potential partners can retrieve its interface model, or whether the search behavior needs to agree to release the interface A business model. 例如,该接口模型可以被公布到经修改的UDDI注册表200中该企业的条目下,使得其它企业要经过企业A的同意(如进行口令验证等)才能检索并得到企业A的接口模型。 For example, the interface model may be published to a UDDI registry at the modified entry 200 of the enterprise, such other business enterprises to consent A (e.g., password authentication, etc.) and with an interface to retrieve the model of the enterprise A.

当业务合作的机会出现时,在潜在业务合作方之间交换各个接口模型。 When business cooperation opportunities appear between potential business partners to exchange each interface model. 在动态商业环境中,当企业A发现一个机会,并确定要动态地去发现一些合作方以构成一个虚拟项目团队时,它会利用检索器134浏览互联网300上的某个公共站点及其中的UDDI注册表200,并基于构成该虚拟项目团队的需求进行查询,以发现可能的合作方的列表(未示出)。 In a dynamic business environment, when companies a chance to discover A, and determine dynamically to find some partners to form a virtual project team, it will make use of a public site and in the UDDI browse the Internet to retrieve 134 300 registry 200, and query based on the composition of demand virtual project team to find a list of possible partners (not shown). 该列表可以位于UDDI注册表200中,其由各个企业所发布到UDDI注册表200中的接口模型中的描述信息所构成,而且该列表的每个条目可以构成该接口模型的唯一入口。 The list may be located in the UDDI registry 200, which is issued by the respective companies to the UDDI registry interface description model 200 is formed, and each entry in the list may constitute the only entrance of the interface model. 当然,该列表还可以具有其它形式的不同入口,例如可以通过选择企业的名称、业务种类等来调用(获得)该接口模型。 Of course, the list entry may also have other different forms, for example, to call (get) interface model by selecting a company name, and other types of business. 然后,企业A可以基于某种信誉信息或其它考虑(其它条件),来选择一个(或几个)候选者B作为潜在的合作方。 Then, based on a credit company A may be considered, or other information (other conditions), to select one (or several) as a potential candidate partner B. 根据企业B的策略,企业A可以直接从UDDI注册表200中获得企业B的接口模型,也可以通过执行某些操作获得企业B的许可,从而通过请求/响应模式来获得企业B的模型。 The policy of the company B, company A may UDDI registry directly from the interface 200 access to business model B, the company B may be licensed by performing certain operations, thereby to obtain a business model B via request / response mode.

在方块403中,将企业A和企业B的接口模型进行组装,作为经集成的整体模型。 In block 403, the interface model of A and B is assembled, are integrated as a global model. 在这个过程中,可以通过模型创建和组装器110使用软件算法来将企业A和B的接口模型组装在一起,形成该整体模型。 In this process, the assembly 110 can create and use software algorithms to interface model assembled by companies A and B model, the overall model is formed. 该整体模型可以表示在一幅图面中,如图4和图5所示。 The overall model may be represented in a drawing, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5.

在计算环境的某些原则(如本体论)的指导下,可以自动创建各个接口模型之间的输入/输出映射关系,当然,这也可以通过人员手工完成。 In certain principles under the direction of a computing environment (e.g., ontology) can automatically create input / output mapping relationships between various interface model, of course, this can also be done manually by personnel. 如果这个虚拟项目团队的规模没有限制,则该整体模型可以是包括所有相关合作方的全局模型,但是在大型商业环境中,更为常见的合作形式是,每个合作方都从其自己的观点、需求或角度出发来对接口模型进行组装,并仅仅包括与其相关的模型。 If the size of the virtual project team is not limited, the overall model can be a global model include all relevant partners, but in large commercial environments, the more common form of cooperation is that each partner have its own point of view , or demand point of view of the interface model to be assembled, and includes only the appropriate model.

图4示出了从企业A的角度所组装的企业A和B的整体模型。 FIG 4 illustrates an overall business model A and B from the viewpoint of company A assembled. 这里需要说明的是,当从企业A的角度考虑组装整体模型时,对企业A来说,企业B的接口模型中只有接口是可见的,而企业B的接口模型的内部逻辑是不可见的。 It should be noted here that, when assembled from the perspective of overall business model A consideration for company A, the company B in the interface model only the interface is visible, and the internal logical interface business model B is not visible. 当组装在一起时,图4中所表现出来的企业B的接口模型的内部状态或逻辑关系仅仅是根据其接口的状态而假设出来的。 When assembled together, the internal state of the interface or logical relationship model demonstrated in Figure 4, the company B only in accordance with the state of its interfaces and assumptions made. 这对组装后的整体模型的运行并不会产生影响,因为在实际运行或仿真时,对方(即企业B)的接口模型内部的逻辑并不需要对其它方可见。 This does not affect the overall operation of the model assembled, because in actual or simulated operation, the internal logic of the other party (ie company B) interface model does not need to be visible to the other party.

同时,企业B也可以利用配置在其终端上的检索器134检索到企业A的接口模型,并根据其自己的观点进行组装,形成图5示出的从企业B的角度所组装的企业A和B的整体模型。 At the same time, firm B can also use arranged to retrieve at its terminal 134 retrieved interface model firm A, and assembled in accordance with its own point of view, is formed in FIG. 5 shown from the perspective of enterprise B is assembled Enterprise A and model B overall. 这时,对企业B来说,其自己的接口模型的内部状态或逻辑是可见的,而企业A的接口模型的内部状态或逻辑对其是不可见的。 At this time, the enterprise B, its own internal state or logic interface model is visible, but its internal state or logic interface model of enterprise A is not visible.

在方块404中,通过装置100的冲突检测引擎120对整体模型进行校验或仿真。 In block 404, a check or the simulation model of the device 120 through the whole collision detection engine 100. 通过对整体模型应用软件算法来识别可能干扰未来运行的冲突或问题,这些冲突包括:数据格式不一致、资源等待、流程不一致(即流结构锁死)等。 Through the whole model application software algorithms to identify conflicts or problems that may interfere with future running of these conflicts include: inconsistent data formats, resource waiting process is inconsistent (ie, flow structure lock) and so on. 同时,我们也可以对整体模型进行评估,以提出动态业务关系的可能效果,即计算该业务交易的ROI。 At the same time, we can also assess the overall model to suggest possible effects of dynamic business relationships that calculate the ROI of business transactions.

可以针对整体模型来使所检测到的冲突可视化,以指出问题发生在哪里。 So that the conflict can be detected for the overall model visualization, to indicate where the problem occurs. 例如,图6中示出了在企业A和B的整体模型中检测出的数据格式不一致和资源等待的冲突。 For example, FIG. 6 shows inconsistency detected in the entire business model A and B wait for data format and resource conflicts. 同时,可以根据对该整体模型的检测结果产生冲突要点报告。 Meanwhile, the report may be generated according to the detection result of the conflict points of the overall model. 如图6所示,所检测出的数据格式不一致为:企业A希望在节点4接收Y格式的资源数据,而企业B只能发送Z格式的资源数据。 6, the detected inconsistent data format is: A desired data in the enterprise resource node receives resource data format of Y 4, and Z can only send firm B format. 图6中所检测出的资源等待冲突例如是:企业A在某些条件下需要在节点3接收资源X,而企业B总是向该节点发送资源X,因此,在另外一些条件下,即当不满足某些条件而不需要在节点3接收资源X时就发生了冲突(在某些条件下没有冲突,而在另外一些条件下存在冲突,因此这也可以被作为是一种冲突的警告)。 In Figure 6 the detected resource conflicts wait for example: A company under certain conditions require resources in node 3 receives X, but always to the Node B transmitting the enterprise resource X, therefore, in some other conditions, i.e. when does not meet certain conditions without requiring the node 3 receives clashed resource X (under certain conditions there is no conflict, a conflict exists in some other conditions, it may be used as one kind of a conflict alert) .

同时,企业B也从其自己的角度对所组装的整体模型进行校验或仿真,并产生相应的冲突要点报告。 At the same time, the overall business model B also assembled for verification or simulation from its own point of view, and generate a corresponding point of conflict reporting.

该冲突要点报告可以是一种可视化的标记,包括图形和文本信息,也可以具有语音提示等音频信息,用以通过显示器或麦克风(未示出)等输出装置呈现出来,使用户(即企业)可直观地判断所产生的问题或冲突的种类、发生的位置等。 The report may be a conflict point visual labels, including graphical and textual information, may have audio information such as voice prompts to (not shown) like the output device or a display presented by a microphone, so that the user (i.e., business) It can be determined visually or problem arising from collision type, position, etc. occurs.

在图2的方块405中,通过利用装置100中的冲突解决辅助工具150在各企业的终端之间交换冲突要点报告,相关企业(合作方)可以尝试解决各种冲突,尤其是业务流程级别的冲突。 In block 405 of FIG. 2, by using the device conflict solution assisting tool 150 to exchange 100 points report the conflict between the terminals of the respective companies, related businesses (partners) can try to resolve conflicts, especially in the business process level conflict. 如果校验或仿真失败,即出现问题或冲突,企业A和B将进行协商,以看看是否双方可以调整他们各自的接口模型来取得一个折中的方案。 If the check fails or the simulation that there is a problem or conflict, companies A and B will consult to see if the two sides can adjust their own interface model to achieve a compromise. 该冲突要点报告可以经由冲突解决辅助工具150在所涉及的所有各方之间进行交换,各合作方可以根据可视化冲突标记理解该问题或冲突。 The report points the conflict can be resolved through conflict auxiliary tool 150 to be exchanged between all parties involved, each partner can be labeled understand the problem or conflict based on visual conflict. 然后,根据该冲突要点报告,可以在各合作方之间进行同步或异步协商,以找到解决问题的方案。 Then, according to the report conflict points can be synchronous or asynchronous consultations among partners to find solutions to the problem.

如果校验成功,则相关各方可以继续实际进行其业务合作。 If the check is successful, the parties concerned may continue to carry on their actual business cooperation. 一旦校验成功,我们可以说,对企业A和B之间的动态电子商务交易造成麻烦的许多问题已经被识别,并得到了消除,现在他们可以进入到实际运行阶段。 Once the verification is successful, we can say that many of the problems caused trouble for dynamic e-commerce transactions between companies A and B have been identified, and has been eliminated, and now they can enter into the actual operational phase. 在实际运行阶段,当再检测到运行当中的问题或冲突时,也可以在执行整个生命周期期间发现问题并解决它们。 In actual operation phase, when then detects a problem or conflict among running, you can also find problems during the execution of the entire life cycle and to solve them. 当然,在实际运行当中再检测到问题或冲突的可能性已经非常小了。 Of course, the possibility of actually running them again detected a problem or conflict has been very small.

对于一笔订单(一个项目)来说,要通过装置100的项目管理器140来进行统一地管理(如图2中的方块408所示)。 For an order (a program), it should be centrally manages 140 (in FIG. 2, block 408) by the project manager apparatus 100. 该项目管理器140用于创建、存储和管理每个业务合作项目,其中每个业务合作项目中都包括所涉及的、由模型创建和组装器110所创建的本企业的接口模型、潜在合作方的接口模型以及经组装的整体模型。 The program manager 140 is used to create, store and manage business cooperation each item, wherein each item includes a business cooperation, create a model and the created assembler interface 110 of the enterprise model, potential partners involved the interface model and the overall model was assembled. 项目管理器140的管理可以涉及模型修改、交换、组装、校验和协商等各个过程,当然,有时这个管理过程需要进行多个循环,以达到最终的目的,即最终达成协议或取消该交易。 Project Management 140 model may involve modification, exchange, assembly, validation and consultation and other processes, of course, sometimes the management process requires multiple cycles, in order to achieve the ultimate goal, that final agreement or cancel the transaction.

图7是示出两个企业A和B之间的接口模型组装的实际例子的示意图。 FIG 7 is a schematic diagram illustrating an actual example of an interface between the two models assembled A and B companies.

如图7所示,在这个模型中,该企业A的业务流程为:发出订单,然后接收潜在合作方(企业B)的发票,然后再向该潜在合作方(企业B)提供预付款。 As shown in FIG. 7, in this model, the enterprise business process A is: an order, and then receives the potential partners (company B), the invoice, and then again the potential partners (company B) providing advance. 而企业B也具有自己的业务流程模型,其中该企业B的业务流程为:接收订单,然后接收潜在合作方(企业A)的预付款,然后再向该潜在合作方(企业A)提供发票。 The company B also has its own business process models, business processes of the enterprise in which B is: receiving an order and then receive potential partners (company A) of advance payment, and then again the potential partners (company A) provide invoices. 这里,我们可以看到企业A和B的流程模型是有区别的,其中发生了流程上的冲突。 Here we can see the business process models A and B, there is a difference, which clashed on the process.

当企业A中的冲突检测引擎120在该整体模型的校验或仿真过程中检测到该冲突时,就形成冲突要点报告,并通过冲突解决辅助工具150将该冲突要点报告传送给企业B。 When the company A collision detection engine 120 detects the collision simulation or verification process of the entire model, conflict points formed report and resolve the conflict aid 150 reports to point B. conflict enterprises 这时,企业A和B之间需要进行沟通,其中的一方需要修改其接口模型,这里假设企业B将其接口模型修改为:接收订单,然后向企业A提供发票,然后再接收企业A的预付款。 In this case, the need for communication between companies A and B, wherein one of the model to modify its interface, it is assumed here that company B is modified interface model: receiving orders, and invoices for enterprise A, then company A received prepaid paragraph. 在这种情况下,形成如图8所示的情况,其中企业A和B的接口模型完全吻合,已经消除了它们之间所存在的流程上的冲突。 In this case, the case is formed as shown in FIG. 8, wherein the interface model of enterprise A and B complete match, the conflict has been eliminated by the presence of the flow therebetween. 然后,企业A和B就可以继续实际进行该项目的合作了。 Then, companies A and B can continue practical cooperation of the project.

以上仅以实施例的方式对本发明的方法和装置进行了描述,通过使用本发明的装置和方法,可以具有以下的优点:(1)每个企业可以根据其自己的需求创建业务流程模型,独立的模型被组装在一起以代表各个业务之间的交互关系,满足了进行动态电子商务的关键的需求;(2)可以动态地确定你正在与谁做生意,并且没有谁需要知道整个虚拟合作环境的全局情况;(3)业务流程模型被通过互联网公开,并与存在的合作方动态地进行交换,整个流程被自动化,因此节省了大量的时间和资金;(4)根据所集成的模型,可以在业务流程的实际执行之前进行业务级的校验和仿真,结果大大增加了生命周期的效率和有效性;以及(5)利用所集成的整体模型,可以在合作方之间方便地识别和可视化各种问题和冲突,以基于整体模型的冲突要点开始进行流程冲突的协商。 By way of the above embodiments of the method and apparatus of the invention has been described, by using the apparatus and method of the present invention may have the following advantages: (1) each enterprise business process models can be created according to their own needs, independent the models are assembled together to represent the interaction between the various services to meet the critical needs for dynamic e-business; (2) can dynamically determine with whom you are doing business, and no one needs to know the entire virtual collaborative environment global situation; (3) model of the business process is disclosed via the Internet, and dynamically exchange partners present, the entire process is automated, thus saving a lot of time and money; (4) according to the integrated model, precede the actual business process execution service level simulation and verification, the results greatly increased efficiency and effectiveness of the life cycle; and (5) model using the integrated whole, can be easily identified and visualized between partners all kinds of problems and conflicts, to begin the negotiation process on the conflict of conflict points overall model.

另外,本发明中所提供的装置和方法既可以通过软件代码(即计算机程序)来实现,也可以通过集成了本发明各项功能的专用硬件来实现。 Further, the apparatus and method of the present invention is provided may be implemented by either software code (i.e., computer program), or may be implemented by integrating the functions of the present invention, the dedicated hardware. 同时,不同的功能可以通过一个硬件结构来实现,也可以分别通过多个硬件结构来实现。 Meanwhile, different functions may be implemented by a hardware configuration, respectively, may be implemented by a plurality of hardware configuration. 本发明的方法的执行顺序不限于上面所描述的顺序,也可以以并行或其它顺序来执行。 The execution order of the method according to the invention is not limited to the order described above, it may also be performed in other sequences or in parallel.

以上所述,仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,不能以其限定本发明所要求保护的范围。 The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not the scope of the present invention is defined in its required. 本领域技术人员知道,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围的情况下,依照本发明的实施例可以做出各种均等变化与变形,其都应属于本发明所要求保护的范围。 Those skilled in the art that, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, in accordance with embodiments of the present invention may be modified and that various changes uniformly, which should belong to the present invention as claimed range.

Claims (13)

1.一种用于动态组装业务流程模型的装置,配置在连接于网络的企业终端中,所述装置具有模型建立部件,用于为所述企业建立业务流程模型,其特征在于,所述装置还包括:检索部件,进行检索以从所述网络获得其它企业的业务流程模型;和组装部件,用于将所述企业的业务流程模型与其它企业的业务流程模型进行组装,以得到整体业务流程模型。 1. An apparatus for assembling a dynamic business process model for a terminal arranged in connection to the corporate network, the device model having means for establishing the enterprise business process model, characterized in that said means further comprising: retrieving means for retrieving other to obtain the enterprise business process model from the network; and assembly means, the enterprise business process model for the process model to be assembled with other business enterprise-wide business processes to obtain model.
2.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于还包括:冲突检测部件,用于模拟和分析所述整体业务流程模型,以检测其中是否存在冲突,当检测到所述整体业务流程模型中存在冲突时,产生冲突报告。 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising: a conflict detection means for integrally business process model simulation and the analysis to detect whether a conflict which, when the overall business process model detected when there is a conflict, conflict reporting.
3.根据权利要求2所述的装置,其特征在于还包括:冲突解决辅助部件,用于通过所述网络向所述其它企业发送和/或从所述其它企业接收所述冲突报告,以利于协商解决所述冲突。 3. The apparatus according to claim 2, characterized by further comprising: conflict resolution auxiliary means for supplying the transmission through the network, and other businesses / enterprises receiving from said other violation or facilitate negotiated settlement of the conflict.
4.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于还包括:公布部件,用于在所述网络上公布所述企业的业务流程模型。 4. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising: a publication means for publishing the business process model on the enterprise network.
5.根据权利要求4所述的装置,其特征在于,所述公布部件将所述企业的业务流程模型发布到网络中的UDDI注册表上,所述检索部件从所述UDDI注册表检索并获得其它企业的业务流程模型。 5. The apparatus according to claim 4, wherein said member to release said publication enterprise business process model to the network in the UDDI registry, the retrieval means retrieves from the UDDI registry and access business process models of other companies.
6.一种用于动态组装业务流程模型的方法,用于在企业的网络终端中为所述企业建立业务流程模型,其特征在于所述方法还包括:检索步骤,在所述网络中进行检索以获得其它企业的业务流程模型;和组装步骤,将所述企业的业务流程模型与其它企业的业务流程模型进行组装,以得到整体业务流程模型。 6. A method of assembling a dynamic model for the business process, the enterprise network for a terminal to establish the enterprise business process model, wherein said method further comprises: searching step to search in the network to obtain other enterprise business process model; and assembly steps, the enterprise business process model to be assembled with other enterprise business process model to obtain the overall business process model.
7.根据权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:冲突检测步骤,用于模拟和分析所述整体业务流程模型,以检测其中是否存在冲突,当检测到所述整体业务流程模型中存在冲突时,产生冲突报告。 7. The method according to claim 6, characterized by further comprising: a collision detection step for simulating and analyzing the overall business process model, in order to detect whether a conflict exists where, upon detecting that the overall business process model when there is a conflict, conflict reporting.
8.根据权利要求7所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:冲突解决辅助步骤,通过所述网络向所述其它企业发送和/或从所述其它企业接收所述冲突报告,以利于协商解决所述冲突。 8. The method according to claim 7, characterized by further comprising: auxiliary conflict resolution step, to the transmission and other businesses / enterprises receiving from said other violation or through the network, to facilitate the consultation the conflict.
9.根据权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于还包括:公布步骤,在所述网络上公布所述企业的业务流程模型。 9. The method according to claim 6, characterized by further comprising: a step of publication, published model of the enterprise business process on the network.
10.根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述公布步骤将所述企业的业务流程模型发布到网络中的UDDI注册表上,所述检索步骤从所述UDDI注册表检索并获得其它企业的业务流程模型。 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the step of publishing the publication enterprise business process model to the network in the UDDI registry, said retrieving step retrieves from the UDDI registry and access business process models of other companies.
11.一种用于在大型电子商务网络中动态组装业务流程模型的系统,包括多个用于动态组装业务流程模型的装置,所述装置配置于通过网络连接的多个企业的终端中,并具有模型建立部件,用于为配置所述装置的企业建立业务流程模型,其特征在于所述装置还包括:检索部件,进行检索以从所述网络获得其它企业的业务流程模型;组装部件,用于将所述企业的业务流程模型与其它企业的业务流程模型进行组装,以得到整体业务流程模型;冲突检测部件,模拟和分析所述整体业务流程模型,以检测其中是否存在冲突,当检测到所述整体业务流程模型中存在冲突时产生冲突报告;以及冲突解决辅助部件,用于通过所述网络向所述其它企业发送和/或从所述其它企业接收所述冲突报告,以利于协商解决所述冲突。 Dynamic assembly 11. A business process model for large e-commerce network system comprising a plurality of means for dynamically assemble business process model, said plurality of terminal means arranged in the enterprise through a network connection, and model having means for configuring the device to the enterprise model business processes, wherein said apparatus further comprising: retrieval means for retrieving business process model to obtain from the other enterprise network; assembly part, with to the business process model and other enterprise business process model assembly, to obtain the overall business process model; conflict detection means, simulate and analyze the overall business process model, wherein in order to detect whether a conflict exists, when detecting the overall business process model generating conflict when conflict report; conflict resolution and an auxiliary member, for transmitting to said other companies and / or received from the other companies the violation or via the network to facilitate the consultation the conflict.
12.根据权利要求11所述的系统,其特征在于还包括:公布部件,用于在所述网络上公布所述企业的业务流程模型。 12. The system according to claim 11, characterized by further comprising: a publication means for publishing the business process model on the enterprise network.
13.根据权利要求12所述的系统,其特征在于,所述公布部件将所述企业的业务流程模型发布到网络中的UDDI注册表上,所述检索部件从所述UDDI注册表检索并获得其它企业的业务流程模型。 13. The system according to claim 12, wherein the announcement means to release the enterprise business process model to the network in the UDDI registry, the retrieval means retrieves from the UDDI registry and access business process models of other companies.
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