CN1572338A - Mouth mask special for respiratory tract infectious disease sickrooms and its using method - Google Patents

Mouth mask special for respiratory tract infectious disease sickrooms and its using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1572338A
CN1572338A CN 200410037397 CN200410037397A CN1572338A CN 1572338 A CN1572338 A CN 1572338A CN 200410037397 CN200410037397 CN 200410037397 CN 200410037397 A CN200410037397 A CN 200410037397A CN 1572338 A CN1572338 A CN 1572338A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
mask
air
inlet pipe
infectious disease
mouth mask
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200410037397
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘军屹
Original Assignee
刘军屹
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN03262184 priority Critical
Priority to CN03262184.1 priority
Application filed by 刘军屹 filed Critical 刘军屹
Priority to CN 200410037397 priority patent/CN1572338A/en
Publication of CN1572338A publication Critical patent/CN1572338A/en

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Abstract

The special mouth mask includes a bowl shape mouth mask body and fixing belts. The mouth mask body is connected with an air suction passage and an exhalation passage. The air suction passage and the exhalation passage are respectively disposed with an air suction shutter and an exhalation shutter. The air suction shutter opens inward and the exhalation shutter opens outward. The using method for the mouth mask is to connect the air suction passage with an air intake pipe in sickroom and connect the exhalation passage with an air discharge pipe by soft pipes, the air intake and output pipes in each sickroom are connected to total air intake and discharge pipes to form the special mouth mask respiratory system. The respiratory system has three work modes of natural respiration, ventilation respiration and compulsion respiration. The mouth mask can collect the gas including virus exhaled by patient, and discharge the gas after disinfection to the outdoor air, and reduce the sickroom pollution; the patient can suck outdoor fresh air; the operation operating medical person can reduce the rate of infection by wearing the mouth mask. The invention is simple in structure, low in manufacturing cost and can be easily actualized.

Description

A kind of respiratory infectious disease room special mask and using method
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of medical special mask, particularly a kind of respiratory infectious disease room special mask and using method.
Background technology
The used mask of hospital all is a filter-type at present, patient expired gas directly is discharged in the ward after filtering by mask, mask only plays a role in filtering, also might slip through the net for small virus, be placed in the air, cause that Kong Qi dyes Nei the ward, even most of virus is not slipped through the net, also again in the suction body, this is unfavorable to rehabilitation when patient inhales.On the other hand, air De dyes in the ward, very easily makes the medical personnel that work in the ward infected, and is very high in the infected ratio of SARS epidemic period medical personnel.The using method of this class filter-type mask is all very simple, perhaps ties up on head with fixing band, perhaps is worn on the ear.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of collecting patient expired gas and being discharged into outdoor special mask and its using method of respiratory infectious disease room that be used for.
The present invention is achieved in that special mask, comprises mask body and fixing band, and the mask body is bowl-shape, and the edge shape of mask body and people nose and mouth on the face match; A suction hole and an exhaling hole are arranged on the mask body; There is a suction nozzle to be connected with the mask bulk phase at the suction hole place, constitutes air suction way, the air suction valve that can inwardly open is arranged on this air suction way from external of mask; Have an exhaust tube to be connected with the mask bulk phase at the exhaling hole place, constitute exhalation path from external of mask, on this exhalation path, have one can be to the outlet valve of external-open.
The using method of this special mask is: special mask and intake and exhaust pipeline constitute respiratory system thus.This system comprises this special mask, admission line and discharge duct.Horizontal direction is laid air inlet pipe and exhaustor on the wall in ward, all branch out one air inlet pipe and one exhaustor at each sick bed place, air inlet pipe is connected with suction nozzle on the mask body by air induction hose, props up exhaustor and is connected with exhaust tube on the mask body by exhaust hose; On the total inlet pipe of air inlet pipe tandem outside the ward in each ward, on the total air escape pipe of exhaustor tandem outside the ward.
A decontaminating apparatus can be set in the total air escape pipe, at total air escape pipe mouth place an air exhauster can be set also and total air escape pipe joins, the supply and exhaust pipe adds negative pressure; At total inlet pipe mouth place an aerator can be set also and total inlet pipe joins, add malleation to air inlet pipe.
On an air inlet pipe and an exhaustor decompressor and electromagnetic valve or manually-operated gate are housed, electromagnetic valve when electromagnetic valve does not power up, is in closed condition by solenoid valve controller control work; When powering up, be in door opening state.
This special mask and special mask respiratory system have three kinds of working methods of two classes: initiatively breathe class and comprise general breathing and ventilation breathing, passive breathing class also is forced breathing.
General breathing: special mask is covered patient's nose and mouth, and the edge of mask will contact with face is airtight.The own general breathing of patient.When patient inhales, push air suction valve open by patient's oneself air-breathing power, close outlet valve simultaneously; When patient exhales, push outlet valve open by patient's oneself expiration power, close air suction valve simultaneously.Like this, patient expired gas, can not be inhaled into outside the ward by outlet valve and emission by exhaust pipe again, suction be the fresh air of coming in by air inlet pipe and air suction valve.General breathing suitable people breathe in calm environment.
Ventilate and breathe: on the total air escape pipe road of exhaust channel, add negative pressure source, or on the total inlet pipe road of intake channel, add positive pressure source, or add negative pressure source and positive pressure source simultaneously.Pass through sterilizing equipment decontaminating apparatus at total air escape pipe, or in intake channel, add oxygen.Ventilate when breathing, on the sick bed branch road, regulator should be housed, be used for reconciling the pressure in the special mask.The suitable people of breathing of ventilating breathes the same in wind, and does not have the branch of windward leeward, does not disturb mutually each other, breathes this moment and compare easily, and is more laborsaving than general breathing.
Forced breathing: in the air inlet of sick bed branch road and exhaust channel, an electromagnetic valve is installed respectively, by the controller control of an adjustable frequency.Control two one of electromagnetic valves and open one and close, press the frequency alternation of patient respiration.Add positive pressure source at intake channel, add negative pressure source at exhaust channel simultaneously.Patient is passive in forced breathing, is equivalent to do artificial breathing.
The patient uses when of the present invention, and this special mask is covered mouth and nose and with fixing band it fixed, and opens electromagnetic valve or manually-operated gate, and can suction chamber outer fresh air also will contain the gas of virus to outdoor exhalation.Thereby the pollution that alleviates ward air, reduce cross infection.Put on this mask the medical personnel of operating room operation and can reduce infected chance.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 to Fig. 4 is the sketch map of a kind of respiratory infectious disease room special mask.Wherein, Fig. 1 is the aspiratory action sketch map of respiratory infectious disease room special mask; Fig. 2 is the exhale action sketch map of respiratory infectious disease room special mask.Fig. 3 is that the A of Fig. 1 is to view.Fig. 4 is that the B-B-B-B of Fig. 3 is to cutaway view.
Fig. 5 to Fig. 8 is the sketch map of the respiratory infectious disease room special mask of another kind of structure.Between mask body and suction nozzle and exhaust tube, have air-breathing and the outlet valve chamber, and water drinking tube and sputum aspirator tube are being housed with the corresponding position, position of patient's mouth.Wherein, Fig. 5 is that the E-E of Fig. 6 is to cutaway view; Fig. 6 be the C-C of Fig. 5 to cutaway view, express the expiration situation; Fig. 7 also be the C-C of Fig. 5 to cutaway view, express air-breathing situation; Fig. 8 is that the D-D of Fig. 5 is to cutaway view.
Fig. 9 is the using method sketch map of respiratory infectious disease room special mask.Provided the pipeline annexation of the respiratory system that constitutes by this special mask and intake and exhaust pipeline.
1. mask bodies, 2. suction nozzle, 3. exhaust tube among the figure, 4. air suction valve, 5. outlet valve, 6. air inlet pipe, 7. exhaustor, 8. an air inlet pipe, 9. an exhaustor, 10. total inlet pipe, 11. total air escape pipes, 12. decompressors, 13. manually-operated gate, 14. electromagnetic valves, 15. solenoid valve controllers, 16. decontaminating apparatus, air suction valve chambers 17., outlet valve chambers 18., 19. suction hole, 20. exhaling holes, 21. fixing bands, 22. air induction hose, 23. exhaust hoses, 24. water drinking tubes, 25. sputum aspirator tube, 26. medical glue sealing members, 27. mask edges, 28. air exhauster, 29. aerators.
The specific embodiment
Referring to figs. 1 through Fig. 4, the respiratory infectious disease special mask comprises mask body (1) and fixing band (21), and this special mask is bowl-shape, and the shape and the people at its mask edge (27) match nose and mouth on the face, and the airtight contact of energy; A suction hole (19) and an exhaling hole (20) are arranged on the mask body (1); Located a suction nozzle (2) at suction hole (19) and be connected with mask body (1), constituted air suction way, the air suction valve that can inwardly open (4) has been arranged on this air suction way from mask body (1) outside; Located an exhaust tube (3) at exhaling hole (20) and be connected with mask body (1) from mask body (1) outside, the formation exhalation path, on this exhalation path, have one can be to the outlet valve (5) of external-open.
With reference to Fig. 5 to Fig. 8, between exhaust tube (3) and mask body (1), an outlet valve chamber (18) can also be arranged, the exhaling hole (20) of outlet valve (5) in outlet valve chamber (18) located; Between suction nozzle (2) and mask body (1) an air suction valve chamber (17) can also be arranged, the air inlet (19`) of air suction valve (4) in air suction valve chamber (17) located, and do not locate at suction hole (19).For the ease of to patient drinking-water, influent stream food and sucking-off sputum, go up and water drinking tube (24) and sputum aspirator tube (25) can also be equipped with in patient's mouth position corresponding position at mask body (1).Water drinking tube (24) and sputum aspirator tube (25) are connected with mask body (1), be to realize being tightly connected by the medical glue sealing member (26) that can stand medical disinfecting, medical glue sealing member (26) can be the silica gel circle, this kind connection can realize not only sealing but also finely tuning the mouth of pipe direction and the position of water drinking tube (24) and sputum aspirator tube (25), is convenient to adapt to patient's oral cavity.
With reference to Fig. 9, the using method of this special mask is: special mask and intake and exhaust pipeline formation respiratory system could use thus.This system comprises this special mask, admission line and discharge duct.Horizontal direction is laid air inlet pipe (6) and exhaustor (7) on the wall in ward, all branch out one air inlet pipe (8) and one exhaustor (9) at each sick bed place, air inlet pipe (8) is connected with suction nozzle (2) on the mask body (1) by air induction hose (22), props up exhaustor (9) and passes through exhaust hose (23) and be connected with exhaust tube (3) on the mask body (1); Air inlet pipe in each ward (6) tandem is to the outer total inlet pipe (10) in ward, and exhaustor (7) tandem is arrived on the total air escape pipe (11) outside the ward.When patient inhales, push air suction valve (4) open by patient's oneself air-breathing power, close outlet valve (5) simultaneously; When patient exhales, push outlet valve (5) open by patient's oneself expiration power, close air suction valve (4) simultaneously.Like this, patient expired gas is discharged into outside the ward by outlet valve (5) and discharge duct, and suction is the fresh air of coming in by admission line and air suction valve (4).General breathing suitable people breathe in calm environment.
In total air escape pipe (11), a decontaminating apparatus (16) can be set, this decontaminating apparatus (16) can be ultraviolet ray disinfector or high-temperature sterilization device, it can also be spraying disinfection device etc., an air exhauster (28) can be set in the exit of total air escape pipe (11) join with total air escape pipe (11), the supply and exhaust pipe adds negative pressure.An aerator (29) can be set in the porch of total inlet pipe (10) join, add malleation to air inlet pipe with total inlet pipe (10).Oxygen can inject in total inlet pipe (10), also can locate to inject in air induction hose (22).Add malleation and negative pressure for the air inlet exhaustor, just can ventilate and breathe or forced breathing to patient.In the special mask respiratory system of pressurization, on an air inlet pipe (8) and an exhaustor (9), a decompressor (12) and electromagnetic valve (14) or manually-operated gate (13) should be housed respectively, electromagnetic valve (14) is by solenoid valve controller (15) control work.When electromagnetic valve (14) when not powering up, be in closed condition; When powering up, be in door opening state.Solenoid valve controller (15) has three kinds of duties: state one makes two electromagnetic valves (14) with opening often.At this moment be equivalent to the general breathing of patient in ventilation, promptly above-mentioned ventilation is breathed.State two makes two electromagnetic valves (14) alternately one open one and close, and alternative frequency can be adjusted to consistent with patient's respiratory frequency.At this moment be equivalent to do forced breathing, promptly force patient respiration, as the artificial respiration to patient.State three makes two electromagnetic valves (14) with closing often.This is equivalent to not use.
The patient uses when of the present invention, and mask (1) is covered mouth and nose and fixing with fixing band (21), and mask edge (27) is contacted with face is airtight.Open electromagnetic valve or manually-operated gate.Can also will contain the gas of virus by the outer fresh air of suction chamber to outdoor exhalation.

Claims (6)

1. respiratory infectious disease room special mask, comprise mask body (1) and fixing band (21), it is characterized in that: this special mask is bowl-shape, the edge shape and the people of mask body (1) match at the muzzle position on the face, a suction hole (19) and an exhaling hole (20) are arranged on the mask body (1), having located a suction nozzle (2) at suction hole (19) is connected with mask body (1) from mask body (1) outside, constitute air suction way, the air suction valve that can inwardly open (4) is arranged on this air suction way, having located an exhaust tube (3) at exhaling hole (20) is connected with mask body (1) from mask body (1) outside, constitute exhalation path, on this exhalation path, have one can be to the outlet valve (5) of external-open.
2. respiratory infectious disease according to claim 1 room special mask is characterized in that: also have an air suction valve chamber (17) between suction nozzle (2) and mask body (1), air suction valve (4) is in air suction valve chamber (17); Also have an outlet valve chamber (18) between exhaust tube (3) and mask body (1), outlet valve (5) is in outlet valve chamber (18).
3. respiratory infectious disease according to claim 1 room special mask, it is characterized in that: go up with patient's mouth position corresponding position at mask body (1) water drinking tube (24) and sputum aspirator tube (25) are housed, water drinking tube (24) is to be tightly connected by medical glue sealing member (26) realization that can stand medical disinfecting with sputum aspirator tube (25) and being connected of mask body (1).
4. method of using the described respiratory infectious disease of claim 1 room special mask, form a respiratory system by the described special mask of claim 1, admission line and discharge duct, it is characterized in that: horizontal direction is laid air inlet pipe (6) and exhaustor (7) on the wall in ward, all branch out an air inlet pipe (8) and an exhaustor (9) at each sick bed place, air inlet pipe (8) is connected with suction nozzle (2) on the mask body (1) by air induction hose (22), props up exhaustor (9) and passes through exhaust hose (23) and be connected with exhaust tube (3) on the mask body (1); Air inlet pipe tandem in each ward is to the outer total inlet pipe (10) in ward, and the exhaustor tandem is arrived on the total air escape pipe (11) outside the ward.
5. the using method of respiratory infectious disease according to claim 4 room special mask is characterized in that: a decontaminating apparatus (16) is set in the total air escape pipe (11), and this decontaminating apparatus (16) is ultraviolet ray disinfector or high-temperature sterilization device or spraying disinfection device; At total air escape pipe (a 11) mouthful place air exhauster (28) being set joins with total air escape pipe (11); An aerator (29) can be set in the porch of total inlet pipe (10) to join with total inlet pipe (10).
6. the using method of respiratory infectious disease according to claim 4 room special mask, it is characterized in that: on an air inlet pipe (8) and an exhaustor (9), decompressor (12) and electromagnetic valve (14) or manually-operated gate (13) are housed, electromagnetic valve (14) is by solenoid valve controller (15) control work, when electromagnetic valve (14) when not powering up, be in closed condition; When powering up, be in door opening state.
CN 200410037397 2003-05-12 2004-05-08 Mouth mask special for respiratory tract infectious disease sickrooms and its using method CN1572338A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN03262184 2003-05-12
CN03262184.1 2003-05-12
CN 200410037397 CN1572338A (en) 2003-05-12 2004-05-08 Mouth mask special for respiratory tract infectious disease sickrooms and its using method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200410037397 CN1572338A (en) 2003-05-12 2004-05-08 Mouth mask special for respiratory tract infectious disease sickrooms and its using method

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CN1572338A true CN1572338A (en) 2005-02-02

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104906670A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-09-16 高淑珍 Nursing device for diseases of respiratory system
CN107233677A (en) * 2016-03-28 2017-10-10 王振牛 A kind of device having a breath of fresh air of high-risk gaseous state operating in limited space
CN107362426A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-11-21 北京煜煌科技有限公司 A kind of internal medicine breathing apparatus
CN109045503A (en) * 2018-06-09 2018-12-21 广东工贸职业技术学院 A kind of students' dormitory individual air replacement system
CN111375153A (en) * 2020-03-20 2020-07-07 中国电子科技集团公司第十三研究所 Household deep isolation device
CN111397019A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-07-10 许青松 Respiratory ward purification system
CN111664101A (en) * 2009-11-19 2020-09-15 瑞思迈发动机及马达技术股份有限公司 Blower fan

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111664101A (en) * 2009-11-19 2020-09-15 瑞思迈发动机及马达技术股份有限公司 Blower fan
CN104906670A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-09-16 高淑珍 Nursing device for diseases of respiratory system
CN107233677A (en) * 2016-03-28 2017-10-10 王振牛 A kind of device having a breath of fresh air of high-risk gaseous state operating in limited space
CN107362426A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-11-21 北京煜煌科技有限公司 A kind of internal medicine breathing apparatus
CN107362426B (en) * 2017-07-26 2020-05-12 杨国兰 Breathing equipment for internal medicine
CN109045503A (en) * 2018-06-09 2018-12-21 广东工贸职业技术学院 A kind of students' dormitory individual air replacement system
CN111375153A (en) * 2020-03-20 2020-07-07 中国电子科技集团公司第十三研究所 Household deep isolation device
CN111397019A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-07-10 许青松 Respiratory ward purification system

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