CN1513936A - Nano-silicon waterproof agent and its production method - Google Patents

Nano-silicon waterproof agent and its production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1513936A
CN1513936A CN 03126266 CN03126266A CN1513936A CN 1513936 A CN1513936 A CN 1513936A CN 03126266 CN03126266 CN 03126266 CN 03126266 A CN03126266 A CN 03126266A CN 1513936 A CN1513936 A CN 1513936A
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silicon
water
agent
water repellent
nano
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CN 03126266
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1233774C (en )
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王文立
杨太文
霍晓芳
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王文立
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B24/00Use of organic materials as active ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone, e.g. plasticisers
    • C04B24/40Compounds containing silicon, titanium or zirconium or other organo-metallic compounds; Organo-clays; Organo-inorganic complexes
    • C04B24/42Organo-silicon compounds

Abstract

A nanosilicon water-proofing agent for building and cement concrete is prepared from the water-proofing agent chosen from methyl silanol sodium, high-boiling-point silanol sodium, sodium methylsilicate, and potassium methylsilicate, SiO2 nanoparticles, polymer emulsion, and cocatalyst chosen from ethanolamine, diethanolamine and triethanolamine through proportionally mixing, heating while stirring, reacting for 4 hr and adding deionized water.

Description

纳米硅防水剂及生产方法 The method of producing nanocrystalline silicon waterproofing agent

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种用于建筑领域的防水剂。 The present invention relates to a waterproofing agent for an architectural art. 特别是涉及一种高性能渗透结晶型的纳米硅防水剂及生产方法。 Particularly it relates to a high performance capillary crystalline silicon nano waterproofing agent production process.

背景技术 Background technique

国内外现有用于建筑领域的渗透结晶型的刚性防水剂有:真清防水剂,墙克漏,万可涂,SR900,喷漏停,M1500等。 Domestic and infiltration prior art crystalline rigid construction for waterproofing agents are: real clear water repellent, leakage wall grams, Wan can be coated, SR900, blow-through stop, M1500 and the like. 上述几种防水材料只能用于喷涂,而不易作为外加剂使用,因此其使用范围受到很大约束限制。 Some materials can only be used for the above-described water spray, not easy to use as an additive, so its use is greatly constraints. 现有能够作为外加剂使用的有:铝盐防水剂,FS-A1防水剂,五矾防水剂,氯化铁防水剂,有机硅防水剂等。 Can be used as conventional additives are: aluminum waterproofing agent, FS-A1 waterproofing agents, water repellents five alum, ferric chloride waterproofing agent, a silicone waterproofing agents. 其中的“有机硅防水剂”虽然有一定的喷涂防水抗渗功能,但其渗透性及堵塞较大毛细孔的能力难以满足工程的需要;作外加剂使用时其导致的水泥砼或砂浆的严重缓凝及强度下降亦是其致命的弱点。 Wherein "silicone waterproofing agent" although there are some functions spraying water permeability, but the permeability and the ability to plug the large pores are difficult to meet the needs of the project; cement concrete or mortar when used as additives which lead to serious retarding and strength decrease is also its Achilles heel.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的在于提供一种不仅在喷涂上有优异的防水功能,而且作外加剂使用时也有着优异防水性能的纳米硅防水剂及生产方法。 Object of the present invention is to provide a waterproof function only excellent in coating, waterproofing agents and for producing nanometer silicon also have excellent water resistance when using the admixture.

本发明的技术方案是:1、一种纳米硅防水剂,包括如下成分:(1)有机硅防水剂 92~98%(2)纳米级硅粉 1~5%(3)聚合物乳液 0.5~1.5%(4)催化助剂 0.5~1.5%(5)水 适量2、一种纳米硅防水剂的生产方法,其特征在于:将有机硅防水剂、纳米级硅粉、聚合物乳液、催化助剂,按比例混合后加热搅拌,充分反应约4个小时,检验后加入适量的去离子水即可获得最终产品。 Aspect of the present invention is: 1. A nano-silicon water repellent agent, comprising the following components: (1) silicone waterproofing agent 92 to 98% (2) nanoscale silicon powder 1% to 5% (3) 0.5 polymer emulsion 1.5% (4) 0.5 to 1.5% co-catalyst (5) the amount of water 2 a method for producing a silicon nano water repellent agent, characterized in that: the silicone waterproofing agents, silica fume nanoscale, polymer emulsions, catalytic promoter agent, the mixing ratio by heating and stirring sufficient reaction for about 4 hours, an appropriate amount of deionized water was added to obtain a final product after inspection. 所述的有机硅防水剂为甲基硅醇钠或高沸硅醇钠或甲基硅酸钠或甲基硅酸钾,纳米级硅粉为纳米级二氧化硅,聚合物乳液为苯丙乳液或纯丙乳液或硅丙乳液,催化助剂为一乙醇胺或二乙醇胺或三乙醇胺,水为去离子水。 The silicone waterproofing agent is sodium methyl siliconate or a high boiling alcohol or methyl siliconate, sodium methyl silicate or potassium silicate, silica fume nanoscale nanoscale silica, acrylic emulsion polymer emulsion is acrylic or acrylic emulsion or an emulsion, as a co-catalyst or diethanolamine or triethanolamine, water is deionized water.

本发明与现有技术相比具有下列优点:1、纳米硅防水剂中的有机硅防水剂及活性纳米级硅粉通过与水泥或砖石中碱性物质反应,产生具有强烈憎水性的物质及硅酸盐质晶粒,提高砂浆、混凝土的憎水抗渗性,增强其结构的致密度,堵塞较大毛细孔。 With the present invention has the following advantages over the prior art: 1, the silicon nano water repellent silicone waterproofing agent active nanoscale silicon powder by reacting an alkaline or masonry cement, to produce a substance having a strong water repellency and silicate grain quality, improve the mortar, hydrophobic impermeability of concrete, which reinforcement structure density, larger pores clogging. 这种综合协同作用在起到防水抗渗的同时,较小的毛细孔还能够透过气体,不至于使室内过于潮湿;还可提高砂浆、混凝土的抗压、抗拉强度,提高抗裂性,耐久性,实现长久性防水。 This integrated synergy in play water impermeability, while the smaller pores can also permeable to gases, and will not make the room too wet; also improve the compressive strength of mortar, concrete, tensile strength, improving crack resistance durability, achieve long-term waterproof.

2、纳米硅防水剂中的聚合物乳液对砼内部钢筋无化学腐蚀,它能够帮助砼和砂浆自我养护,防止因曝晒和温差造成局部先干,而产生龟裂现象。 2, the nano-silicon polymer emulsion waterproofing agent chemical erosion of the internal reinforced concrete, concrete and mortar it can help self-maintenance, and to prevent exposure to dry local temperature differences, and the cracking phenomenon.

3、纳米硅防水剂中的催化助剂具有改善水泥砂浆、水泥砼水化反应的性能,且具有阻锈作用。 3, the silicon nano-catalyst with improved waterproofing agent in cement mortar, cement concrete properties hydration reaction, and having a rust effect. 从而使得该防水剂具有与其它防水材料不同的优异的耐化学药品、耐老化性、耐污染性。 So that the waterproofing agent with other waterproof materials having various excellent chemical resistance, aging resistance, stain resistance.

4、纳米硅防水剂具有良好的抗冻性。 4, nano-silicon water repellent agent has good frost resistance. 它可防止建筑物表面发生碎片脱落。 It prevents the occurrence of debris off the surface of the building. 能渗透进许多类粉质、水质涂料墙面中,而起到防水抗渗作用。 It can penetrate into the many types of silty water quality paint in walls, water impermeability and play a role.

5、纳米硅防水剂耐盐、碱,并有一定的耐酸性;可适用于盐、碱含量高,受海洋气候影响的建筑物。 5, salt nanometer silicon waterproofing agent, a base, and a certain acid; applicable to salts, high alkali content, by building maritime climate affected.

6、纳米硅防水剂适应性强,保质期达五年。 6, nano-silicon waterproofing agent adaptability, shelf life of up to five years. 一年四季在气温5℃以上均可施工,施工固化后,可耐温-70℃至180℃,一次施工,终身防水。 Construction of all year round in the temperature above 5 ℃, after application and curing, the temperature to -70 ℃ 180 ℃, a construction, life waterproof. 因此,这是一种防水性、透气性、耐久性、使用广泛性都优于其它类产品的多功能防水剂。 Accordingly, it is a waterproof, breathable, durable, extensive use products are superior to other multi-functional waterproofing agent.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

以下说明实施例配方及生产工艺。 The following Examples illustrate formulations and production process embodiment.

实施例:本例中使用如下成分及配比有机硅防水剂 95%纳米级硅粉 3%聚合物乳液 1%催化助剂 1%水 适量将所述的有机硅防水剂、纳米级硅粉、聚合物乳液、催化助剂按比例称量,先将有机硅防水剂加入搪瓷或不锈钢反应釜中,加热至95℃,开动搅拌机,缓慢加入纳米级硅粉,保温反应4小时,冷却降温至50℃,搅拌中加入配方量的聚合物乳液和催化助剂,进行指标检测,补充被蒸发掉的水分,调整密度为1.15~1.2,继续搅拌10分钟即为本发明的成品。 Example: In this example using the following ingredients and ratio of the silicone waterproofing agent 95% silica fume nanoscale polymer emulsion 3% 1% 1% Water q.s. co-catalyst of the silicone waterproofing agents, silica fume nanoscale, polymer emulsions, weighing scale-catalyst, silicone waterproofing agent is added first enamel or stainless steel autoclave, heated to 95 deg.] C, start stirrer, nanoscale silicon powder was slowly added, incubated for 4 hours, cooling down to 50 ℃, stirring an amount of polymer emulsion added to the formulation and the co-catalyst, for detecting index, add water is evaporated and the density adjusted to 1.15 to 1.2, stirring was continued for 10 minutes is finished according to the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种纳米硅防水剂,包括如下成分:(1)有机硅防水剂 92~98%(2)纳米级硅粉 1~5%(3)聚合物乳液 0.5~1.5%(4)催化助剂 0.51.5%(5)水 适量 A nanometer silicon waterproofing agent, comprising the following components: 0.5 to 1.5% (4) co-catalyst (1) silicone waterproofing agent 92 to 98% (2) 1 nanometer to 5% silica fume (3) a polymer emulsion agent 0.51.5% (5) water q.s.
  2. 2.一种纳米硅防水剂的生产方法,其特征在于:将有机硅防水剂、纳米级硅粉、聚合物乳液、催化助剂,按比例混合后加热搅拌,充分反应约4个小时,检验后加入适量的去离子水即可。 A method for producing a silicon nano water repellent agent, characterized in that: the silicone waterproofing agents, silica fume nanoscale, polymer emulsions, co-catalyst, the mixing ratio by heating and stirring sufficient reaction for about 4 hours, test after adding an appropriate amount of deionized water can be.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的纳米硅防水剂,其中所述的有机硅防水剂为甲基硅醇钠或高沸硅醇钠或甲基硅酸钠或甲基硅酸钾。 Nanometer silicon claimed in claim 1, the water repellent agent, wherein said silicone water repellent is sodium methyl siliconate or a high boiling alcohol or methyl siliconate, sodium methyl silicate or potassium silicate.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的纳米硅防水剂,其中所述的纳米级硅粉为纳米级二氧化硅。 According to claim silicon nano water repellent agent of claim 1, wherein the nanoscale silicon powder is nanoscale silica.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的纳米硅防水剂,其中所述的聚合物乳液为苯丙乳液或纯丙乳液或硅丙乳液。 Nanometer silicon claimed in claim 1, the water repellent agent, wherein the polymer emulsion is an emulsion styrene-acrylic latex or acrylic or acrylic emulsion.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的纳米硅防水剂,其中所述的催化助剂为一乙醇胺或二乙醇胺或三乙醇胺。 According to claim silicon nano water repellent agent of claim 1, wherein said co-catalyst is monoethanolamine or diethanolamine or triethanolamine.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的纳米硅防水剂,其中所述的水为去离子水。 According to claim silicon nano water repellent agent of claim 1, wherein said water is deionized water.
CN 03126266 2003-07-23 2003-07-23 Nano-silicon waterproof agent and its production method CN1233774C (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1304317C (en) * 2004-09-07 2007-03-14 王权平 Water-proof nanometer cement and production thereof
CN101538455B (en) 2009-04-10 2011-10-26 湖南沧海环保科技发展有限公司 Water-soluble waterproofing agent
CN102241944A (en) * 2010-05-11 2011-11-16 林坤 Waterproofing agent for floor rabbet
CN102465609A (en) * 2010-11-09 2012-05-23 建鸿兴业股份有限公司 Method for treating and preventing wall cancer
CN102559199A (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-07-11 史徳海林.奥斯丁.巴特瑟 Liquid mulching film and preparation method thereof
CN102718542A (en) * 2012-03-08 2012-10-10 白庆法 Insulation material for fire-resistant external wall and preparation method thereof
CN102875050A (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-01-16 湘潭市龙城金韶峰涂料有限公司 Nano-organic-silica water-proofing agent and preparation method thereof
CN103232267A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-08-07 中交第一公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 Environment-friendly nanoscale bottom infiltrated layer material used for protecting concrete surface and preparation method of environment-friendly nanoscale bottom infiltrated layer material
CN103540212A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-29 北京大周正禾建材科技有限公司 Rigid waterproofing-flexible waterproofing performance composite capillary crystalline waterproofing coating
CN103553538A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-02-05 河南阳光防水科技有限公司 Non-destructive waterproof agent for architectural indoor deep penetration curing
CN103570272A (en) * 2012-07-31 2014-02-12 邱小平 Nano permeable silicone waterproofing agent and preparation method of waterproofing agent
CN103664062A (en) * 2012-09-15 2014-03-26 楼太安 Permeable waterproofing agent
CN101955348B (en) 2009-07-15 2014-07-23 深圳市博兆科技有限公司 Method for preparing cement-based water-based composite nano-silicate inorganic functional sol
CN103964777A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-08-06 纳谷新材料(杭州)有限公司 Marble-imitated material dry powder and construction method of highlight antiskid marble-imitated terrace
CN104961424A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 湖南交泰建材有限公司 Concrete curing protective agent
CN105623332A (en) * 2014-10-29 2016-06-01 哈尔滨聚吉轩科技开发有限公司 Organosilicon waterproof agent
CN105778739A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-20 于昊 Anti-fogging liquid for glasses
CN105924033A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-07 广州双虹建材有限公司 Efficient organosilicon capillary waterproof agent
CN106699031A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-24 锦州天壹涂料有限责任公司 Lotus-leaf-type external wall natural stone paint and preparation method thereof

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1304317C (en) * 2004-09-07 2007-03-14 王权平 Water-proof nanometer cement and production thereof
CN101538455B (en) 2009-04-10 2011-10-26 湖南沧海环保科技发展有限公司 Water-soluble waterproofing agent
CN101955348B (en) 2009-07-15 2014-07-23 深圳市博兆科技有限公司 Method for preparing cement-based water-based composite nano-silicate inorganic functional sol
CN102241944A (en) * 2010-05-11 2011-11-16 林坤 Waterproofing agent for floor rabbet
CN102465609A (en) * 2010-11-09 2012-05-23 建鸿兴业股份有限公司 Method for treating and preventing wall cancer
CN102559199A (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-07-11 史徳海林.奥斯丁.巴特瑟 Liquid mulching film and preparation method thereof
CN102559199B (en) * 2011-12-26 2016-05-18 谢致平 A liquid film and its preparation method
CN102718542A (en) * 2012-03-08 2012-10-10 白庆法 Insulation material for fire-resistant external wall and preparation method thereof
CN103570272B (en) * 2012-07-31 2016-01-13 邱小平 Silicone waterproofing agent permeation method of manufacturing nano
CN103570272A (en) * 2012-07-31 2014-02-12 邱小平 Nano permeable silicone waterproofing agent and preparation method of waterproofing agent
CN103664062A (en) * 2012-09-15 2014-03-26 楼太安 Permeable waterproofing agent
CN102875050A (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-01-16 湘潭市龙城金韶峰涂料有限公司 Nano-organic-silica water-proofing agent and preparation method thereof
CN102875050B (en) 2012-09-18 2014-07-02 湘潭市龙城金韶峰涂料有限公司 Nano-organic-silica water-proofing agent and preparation method thereof
CN103232267A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-08-07 中交第一公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 Environment-friendly nanoscale bottom infiltrated layer material used for protecting concrete surface and preparation method of environment-friendly nanoscale bottom infiltrated layer material
CN103540212A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-29 北京大周正禾建材科技有限公司 Rigid waterproofing-flexible waterproofing performance composite capillary crystalline waterproofing coating
CN103553538A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-02-05 河南阳光防水科技有限公司 Non-destructive waterproof agent for architectural indoor deep penetration curing
CN103553538B (en) * 2013-10-28 2016-07-20 河南阳光防水科技有限公司 Architecture Indoor curing deep penetration without damage waterproofing agent
CN103964777A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-08-06 纳谷新材料(杭州)有限公司 Marble-imitated material dry powder and construction method of highlight antiskid marble-imitated terrace
CN105623332A (en) * 2014-10-29 2016-06-01 哈尔滨聚吉轩科技开发有限公司 Organosilicon waterproof agent
CN104961424A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 湖南交泰建材有限公司 Concrete curing protective agent
CN104961424B (en) * 2015-06-11 2017-07-18 湖南交泰建材有限公司 Protection of a concrete curing agent
CN105778739A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-20 于昊 Anti-fogging liquid for glasses
CN105778739B (en) * 2016-03-16 2017-12-05 于昊 Glasses anti-fog liquid
CN105924033A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-07 广州双虹建材有限公司 Efficient organosilicon capillary waterproof agent
CN106699031A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-24 锦州天壹涂料有限责任公司 Lotus-leaf-type external wall natural stone paint and preparation method thereof

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