CN1494612A - Device for picking up tubular knitted article from kintting machine and for sewing toe - Google PatentsDevice for picking up tubular knitted article from kintting machine and for sewing toe Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN1494612A CN1494612A CNA028058917A CN02805891A CN1494612A CN 1494612 A CN1494612 A CN 1494612A CN A028058917 A CNA028058917 A CN A028058917A CN 02805891 A CN02805891 A CN 02805891A CN 1494612 A CN1494612 A CN 1494612A
- Prior art keywords
- suction catheter
- tubular article
- Prior art date
- 238000009958 sewing Methods 0.000 title abstract description 20
- 210000003371 Toes Anatomy 0.000 title abstract description 6
- 210000001847 Jaw Anatomy 0.000 claims description 18
- 239000003570 air Substances 0.000 claims description 13
- 239000004744 fabrics Substances 0.000 claims description 10
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 claims description 4
- 208000005168 Intussusception Diseases 0.000 claims 1
- 230000005540 biological transmission Effects 0.000 claims 1
- 238000003780 insertion Methods 0.000 claims 1
- 238000009940 knitting Methods 0.000 abstract description 19
- 238000000034 methods Methods 0.000 description 11
- 238000009945 crocheting Methods 0.000 description 8
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 6
- 210000003128 Head Anatomy 0.000 description 5
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 4
- 238000010586 diagrams Methods 0.000 description 3
- 230000036633 rest Effects 0.000 description 3
- 238000007789 sealing Methods 0.000 description 3
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000005516 engineering processes Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000011796 hollow space materials Substances 0.000 description 2
- 239000002184 metals Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000007493 shaping process Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000002269 spontaneous Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000037250 Clearance Effects 0.000 description 1
- 210000000474 Heel Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 239000000654 additives Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000003321 amplification Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000035512 clearance Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000006073 displacement reactions Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000002401 inhibitory effects Effects 0.000 description 1
- 235000021190 leftovers Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 239000000463 materials Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000000203 mixtures Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000003199 nucleic acid amplification method Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000000284 resting Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000001429 stepping Effects 0.000 description 1
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- D—TEXTILES; PAPER
- D04—BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
- D04B9/00—Circular knitting machines with independently-movable needles
- D04B9/40—Circular knitting machines with independently-movable needles with provision for transfer of knitted goods from one machine to another
- D—TEXTILES; PAPER
- D04—BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
- D04B15/00—Details of, or auxiliary devices incorporated in, weft knitting machines, restricted to machines of this kind
- D04B15/88—Take-up or draw-off devices for knitting products
- D04B15/92—Take-up or draw-off devices for knitting products pneumatic
- D—TEXTILES; PAPER
- D05—SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
- D05B23/00—Sewing apparatus or machines not otherwise provided for
- D05B23/007—Sewing units for assembling parts of knitted panties or closing the stocking toe part
- D—TEXTILES; PAPER
- D05—SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
- D05B23/00—Sewing apparatus or machines not otherwise provided for
- D05B23/007—Sewing units for assembling parts of knitted panties or closing the stocking toe part
- D05B23/009—Toe closers
- D—TEXTILES; PAPER
- D06—TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
- D06G—MECHANICAL OR PRESSURE CLEANING OF CARPETS, RUGS, SACKS, HIDES, OR OTHER SKIN OR TEXTILE ARTICLES OR FABRICS; TURNING INSIDE-OUT FLEXIBLE TUBULAR OR OTHER HOLLOW ARTICLES
- D06G3/00—Turning inside-out flexible tubular or other hollow articles
- D06G3/02—Turning inside-out flexible tubular or other hollow articles by mechanical means
Described herein is a device for picking up a tubular knitted article (M) from a cylinder (5) of a circular knitting machine (3) and for closing the toe of said article. The device comprises a sewing machine for sewing the toe of the tubular article and a suction pipe (13) which develops from an intake end (13A), in an area where the tubular article is picked up from the circular knitting machine, to an output end (13B), in an area where the toe of the article is sewn. Also provided is a guide element (15) for guiding the tubular article, said guide element developing inside said suction pipe and extending inside the cylinder of the circular knitting machine. Between the guide element (15) and the inner wall of the suction pipe (13) there remains a space for transit of the tubular article.
The present invention relates to the equipment that a kind of circular knitter that is used for having made from knitted articles grasps this knitted articles and utilizes sew application that the leading section (toe) of described article is closed, wherein said knitted articles is such as being socks, stocking or similar articles.
Many tubular knitted article such as socks or stocking, are produced on circular knitter usually, and circular knitter just is equipped with the knitting machine of a syringe, and described syringe has a circular bed.The knitted articles that is obtained has a start edge and a terminating edge in a tubular form.Terminating edge must be closed by two opposed flaps are sewed up, and forms the leading section of described article.For this reason, according to very traditional technology, still uncovered tubular article is unloaded from the circular knitter of making these article, and is sent to the another one manufacturing shop, here once more it is loaded, and it is sewed up or connects.
For simplified manufacturing technique, cut down and work and reduce production costs on the whole, in recent years to realizing the system and the equipment of the sew application of leading section are studied in more easy mode, this system and equipment are easy to automation, and in some cases can be directly carry out producing on the circular knitter of described article.
EP-A-0592376 and EP-A-0635593 have described circular knitter and corresponding knitting method, and wherein tubular article is closed when knitting EO.The shortcoming that these machines and method exist is, needs special mechanical realization, has the mechanical attachment and the parts that can't obtain usually, and can't get involved in traditional existing knitting machine.
EP-A-0679746 has described a kind of equipment that is used for grasping from circular knitter tubular article, so that break away from the follow-up sew application of this circular knitter enforcement to leading section.This equipment is comparatively complicated, in particular for the equipment that article are grasped and handle.
WO-A-00/01869 has described a kind of equipment and method of grasping this tubular article and seal by the leading section of sewing up described article from the circular knitter of producing tubular article of being used for.The remarkable advantage of equipment is described in the document, and it has simply, reliable and low cost configuration.In addition, the described method that can utilize this known device to implement is very quick, therefore can obtain higher production.But this equipment also has many shortcomings, and these shortcomings stem from this fact, and promptly it must be inserted in the syringe of circular knitter, and therefore needs in some cases circular knitter is carried out adaptability revision, causes the diameter of syringe to increase.In addition, also a quilting machine must be set below circular knitter.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of equipment of aforementioned type, it can be handled tubular article easy and reliably, and can design in such a way easily, promptly can existing circular knitter be carried out being applied on this circular knitter under the improved condition need not.
Aforementioned and other purpose and a kind of like this equipment of advantage utilization are achieved, wherein for the skilled artisan in the art, described purpose and advantage will be from hereinafter cheer and bright, this equipment is characterised in that, a suction catheter extends to an output end from an input end, wherein said input portion is positioned at the zone of grasping tubular article from circular knitter, described output portion is positioned at the zone that the leading section of article is sewed up, the feature of this equipment also is, one is used for member that tubular article is guided, this member is in the inner extension of described suction catheter, and extend to the outside from the input end, so that be inserted into the inside of the syringe of described circular knitter, between the inwall of ways and suction catheter, be provided with a gap, be used for passing through for described tubular article.
Utilize the aforementioned arrangements scheme, tubular article is made around ways by circular bed, therefore described ways can be made into to have uniformly a moderate relatively cross section, and can be inserted in the syringe with the size that is used to produce the hosiery goods usually in knitting machine.The tubular article of having made is inhaled into the inside of described passage, and under the effect of ways, move along described passage, arrive the output end of suction catheter until it, on this output end, be combined with a system, be used for tubular article is extracted out and is used for inboard outwards turnup with described article to the outside of suction catheter from suction catheter.
According to a special preferred embodiment of the present invention, suction catheter is divided into two continuous parts in inside by an openable intermediate isolating device.This intermediate isolating device also has the function that supports described ways.When this intermediate isolating device is opened so that when allowing tubular article to pass through, described ways is temporarily supported by the proper supporting device, described bracing or strutting arrangement can move in such a way, promptly can make tubular article pass through the gap between suction catheter inner surface and the ways.
According to a special preferred embodiment of the present invention, ways can have an estable formula expandable part, and this part can be extended towards the output end of suction catheter.When tubular article arrived the stitching devices be incorporated on the output end, described estable formula expandable part extended to the place, output end of suction catheter, and bounces back after the leading section " locked in " operation subsequently, tubular article was discharged helping.In this case, can utilize suction catheter inside swabbing action in the opposite direction to carry out discharging operation.
In order to help that tubular article is discharged, it is contemplated that described ways must be made up of two parts, these two parts are hinged in such a way around the axis perpendicular to the suction catheter axis, be that described ways can be near the inwall of suction catheter, so that the tubular article after allowing to sew up passes through.
According to one embodiment of present invention, be used for tubular article can be comprised from the system that suction catheter is extracted out:
Widen member, be used at the start edge place of tubular article this tubular article being widened, this is widened member and the start edge of tubular article can be widened to the external diameter of suction catheter; With
Be used for tubular article is carried out the member of turning inside-out, from the inboard turnup of suction catheter to the outside.
The described member of widening can comprise a plurality of rod members, these rod members are in substantially parallel relationship to the axis of suction catheter, and can near and move away from the axis of suction catheter, so that be positioned at a position and the position that is positioned at the suction catheter diameter outside near the suction catheter axis, described rod member can move axially along the outside of suction catheter.
It is also contemplated that described rod member must be by a plate carrying that is approximately perpendicular to the suction catheter axis.By this way, when rod member was in the position of close suction catheter axis, this plate formed an opposition sidewall, is used to detain the tubular article in described suction catheter delivered inside.This can make that the structure of equipment is very simple, although do not get rid of described rod member and plate is not separated, and is made described plate and rod member separately and be independent of rod member and control.
The member that is used for the inboard turnup of article is come out is such as comprising the radial push device, it can and move axially with respect to the outer radial of described suction catheter and this suction catheter, tubular article is pressed against on the outer surface of suction catheter, and it is twitched along this outer surface.
The invention still further relates to a kind of circular knitter that includes aforementioned type equipment.
Other beneficial characteristics according to equipment of the present invention is set forth in claims, and will be described in more detail with reference to a non-limiting example example of the present invention hereinafter.
Description of drawings
Description and accompanying drawing below utilizing, the present invention will be understood better, and a non-limiting example example of the present invention wherein has been shown in the accompanying drawing.More particularly, in the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is one and is used for grasping the perspective view that the equipment of tubular knitted article and are used for equipment that the knitted articles leading section is sewed up from the syringe of circular knitter;
Fig. 2 is a side view along Fig. 1 center line II-II;
Fig. 3 is a view along Fig. 2 center line III-III;
Fig. 4 is described equipment and the perspective view that circular knitter is combined;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of a seam area part, and for accompanying drawing reason more clearly, some member is removed;
Fig. 6 is similar to Fig. 5, shows identical member from the another one observation place;
Fig. 7 is the perspective view that is used for stitching machinery that the leading section that is grasped the tubular article that gets off by capture apparatus is sealed;
Fig. 8 is the perspective view of an intermediate isolating device, the suction catheter setting of this intermediate isolating device in the capture apparatus;
Fig. 9 shows the internals of the device of intermediate isolating shown in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is a vertical sectional elevation of described intermediate isolating device;
But Figure 11 shows an axial moving device, and this device carries the member of widening member and being used for the inboard turnup of tubular article is come out, so that make tubular article be ready for use on leading section is sewed up;
Figure 12 shows the device identical with Figure 11, but some parts is removed;
Figure 13 is a vertical sectional elevation of device shown in Figure 11 and 12;
Figure 14 is a upward view along Figure 13 center line XIV-XIV;
Figure 15 shows a pair of bar that is used for clamping at the initial period that leading section is sewed up described article;
Figure 16 shows a pectinate texture, is used at sewing process and described article cooperate and one is placed in this pectinate texture cutting element;
Figure 17 to 28 has illustrated the equipment (the perhaps part of equipment) that is used to grasp described article in a cross-sectional plane of passing the suction catheter axis, and widen member and be used for the inboard turnup of described article is come out so that make it be ready for use on the member that leading section is sewed up, Figure 17 A is the zoomed-in view of suction catheter output area;
Figure 29 is a sectional elevation along Figure 28 center line XXIX-XXIX;
Figure 29 A is the zoomed-in view of central region shown in Figure 29;
Figure 30 to 32 is the sectional elevations along Figure 29 center line XXX-XXX, show and cooperating with described article and described pectinate texture is being inserted in the step of corresponding coil column (row ofstitches), be used to clamp a pair of bar and the pectinate texture of described article, wherein said step is the initial step that leading section is sewed up;
Figure 33 shows the stitching machinery and the pectinate texture that is inserted in the article in sewing process;
Figure 34 is the zoomed-in view of details shown in Figure 33;
Figure 35 is an action schematic diagram of sewing up pin mechanically in the sew application process;
Figure 36 to 39 shows and is used for the step that cut by the coil of described coil column on the tubular article, and wherein said pectinate texture has been inserted in the described coil;
Figure 40 shows in the step to after cutting near sutural coil residual yarn being removed;
Figure 41 shows the details among Figure 40;
Figure 42 is a perspective view, and showing a kind of of the system that is used to remove residual yarn may embodiment; And
Figure 43 is in the step of after sew application tubular article being removed, the axial cutaway view of suction catheter end;
The specific embodiment
In Fig. 4, equipment and a circular knitter of being used for tubular article is grasped and sews up are combined, but in Fig. 1 to 3, separate with described knitting machine.The internal structure of capture apparatus can be found out in Figure 17 to 28.In some accompanying drawing, in order to express more for clarity sake, some parts in the equipment are removed.Total below reference will be quoted the integral body of being made up of capture apparatus and robotic suturing device continually, as same be used for to as described in the article integral device that grasps and leading section is sewed up, but should be understood that, described capture apparatus also can combine with the miscellaneous equipment that is used for leading section is sewed up, and is perhaps just the opposite.
In the accompanying drawings, be used for tubular article is grasped and the outfit of equipment that leading section seals is identified as 1, simultaneously, the circular knitter of producing tubular article totally is identified as 3.In circular knitter 3, only show key component, these key components can find out in Figure 17 to 19 that especially Figure 17 to 19 shows the syringe 5 that forms the pin 7 of a circular bed in known mode itself.This syringe 5 is identified as 9 support member by means of one and supports in such a way, and promptly it can turn round around himself axis, and makes it rotation by means of other member (not shown), and described member meshes with a ring gear 11.It is not shown to be used for member that the pin 7 of circular bed is controlled, but they itself are known, as all other members in the circular knitter 3, therefore here will no longer be described in any more detailed mode.
Equipment 1 comprises a suction catheter 13, and this suction catheter 13 takes the shape of the letter U substantially, and end that is identified as 13A will be known as the input end hereinafter on it, and an end that is identified as 13B will be known as the output end hereinafter.Input end 13A is set at the below of the syringe 5 of pin 7 in the knitting machine 3.By this way, suction catheter 13 can have arbitrary diameter, and the internal diameter of itself and syringe 5 is irrelevant.
In the inside of suction catheter 13, be extended with a ways, this ways totally is identified as 15.Described ways 15 (this ways is a tubulose form that has circular cross section substantially in illustrated example) is from importing the outside that end 13A extends to suction catheter 13, the inside of the syringe 5 of pin 7 in entering knitting machine 3.The top of ways 15 almost arrives the shaping plane of knit goods in the knitting machine 3.
Ways 15 is made up of two parts, and one of them is identified as 15A, and another one is identified as 15B.These two parts are hinged together around a root locus axis 17 (axis of trace) (especially referring to Figure 17), and described axis 17 is own perpendicular to the axis (that is to say perpendicular to its center line) and the ways 15 of suction catheter 13.By the description that emissions operation carried out of following article to leading section sealing, the reason of this structure will be more clear.
Ways 15 totally is identified as 19 intermediate isolating device by means of one and is supported on the inside of suction catheter 13, and at length shows parts wherein in Fig. 8 to 10.Intermediate isolating device 19 also is used for suction catheter 13 is divided into two continuous parts, and first is between input end 13A and this intermediate isolating device 19, and second portion is between this intermediate isolating device 19 and the output end 13B.
As can in Fig. 8 to 10, finding out in detail, intermediate isolating device 19 is made up of a pair of jaw 21 and 22, this is operated by actuator 23 and 24 separately jaw 21 and 22, and in illustrated example, actuator 23 and 24 constitutes by cylinder body-piston system.Jaw 21 and 22 is fixed on the rod member in cylinder body-piston system 23 and 24, and has the front outline of V-arrangement, is identified as 21V and 22V respectively.Jaw 21 has a grooving, in this grooving inside, insert wherein in such a way the front portion of jaw 22, is about to ways 15 and is clamped between two profile 21V and the 22V, keep it to be in a coaxial position, that is to say placed in the middle with respect to suction catheter 13 with respect to suction catheter 13.
Jaw 21 and 22 slides in a leading truck 25, and this leading truck 25 is fixed on the suction catheter 13.
As in Fig. 9 and 10, (being in closure state) as can be seen at the jaw shown in Figure 10 21 and 22, jaw 22 has one and is identified as 27 inner passage, this inner passage 27 is open on the profile 22V, and is open to the top (especially referring to Fig. 9) of jaw itself.Leading truck 25 has a slotted opening 29, its position is corresponding to the output area of inner passage 27, so that can use a flexible conduit or flexible pipe, inner passage 27 is connected on the pressure-air supply source (not shown), be used for the purpose that will understand hereinafter.
As especially shown in Figure 17,18 and 19, ways 15 (in part 15B) has a hollow structure, a rod member 15C is placed in its inside, the end of this rod member 15C has a head 15E (especially referring to Figure 17 A), and described rod member has constituted originally on one's body an estable formula expandable part of ways.What Reference numeral 15D referred to is an extension spring, and this extension spring can force rod member 15C to turn back in the hollow tubular portion of ways.Can be by the next pressure-air of 27 feeds of the inner passage on the jaw 22, exert pressure in hollow space 15B inside to ways 15, with the active force that overcomes extension spring 15D and rod member 15C is stretched out, arrive the position shown in Figure 17 to 19 until it, and in Figure 20, shown rod member 15C is in an advanced position in the hollow space inside of ways 15.
Because the jaw 21 and 22 on the intermediate isolating device 19 can be opened, discharge ways 15 thus so that make tubular article pass through, so be provided with the system that is used for temporary transient support guide member 15 in suction catheter 13 in addition along suction catheter 13, wherein said tubular article must move forward (as will understanding hereinafter) along suction catheter 13.These bracing or strutting arrangements can be known in Fig. 1,2 and 3 and find out, and all represent with simplified way in all the other accompanying drawings.They are made up of three groups of slide blocks 31,32,33, and these three groups of slide blocks 31,32,33 lay respectively at three in the zone that suction catheter 13 extensions are provided with at interval.Say that in more detail in three groups of slide blocks two groups that is to say the two groups of slide blocks 31 and 32 in three groups of slide blocks, be positioned between the input end 13A of suction catheter and the intermediate isolating device 19 on the plane perpendicular to the suction catheter axis.Last group slide block 33 is placed on the plane between the output end 13B of intermediate isolating device 19 and suction catheter 13.These three groups of slide blocks 31,32 and 33 can be pulled back or bounce back in such a way, and promptly they can not come out in the projection of the inside of suction catheter 13, so that leave over down space fully freely between the inwall of suction catheter 13 and ways 15.Selectively, the slide block in each group all can inwardly move radially in such a way, and promptly they cooperate with ways 15, in the inside of suction catheter 13 ways 15 are supported.Each synchronization action of organizing slide block 31,32,33 can be sent to the tubular article of discharging from circular bed 37 the output end 13B (in the mode that will be seen that hereinafter) of suction catheter 13 along suction catheter 13.
Suction catheter 13 has an end 13C, and this end 13C can have angular movement around himself axis with respect to the remainder of suction catheter.Rotatablely moving of the end 13C of suction catheter 13 realizes by means of an actuator 35, such as a stepping motors.Actuator 35 can be adjusted the angle position of the part 13C on the suction catheter 13 with respect to the remainder (being fixed on the described supporting construction) of suction catheter, so that before the leading section of tubular article is sewed up, suitably tubular article is carried out orientation, as will from the detailed description that the entire equipment mode of operation is carried out, know find out.
13B place, output end at suction catheter 13 is provided with a seam area, and this seam area is identified as 37 generally.In this zone, be provided with the member that can carry out pull to tubular article, from the inside of suction catheter 13 its inboard turnup is come out, and be closed and again described article be inserted into member in the suction catheter 13 by sewing up leading section with described article, so that it is discharged from equipment the most at last.
In seam area 37, be provided with a device 39, this device 39 be looped around suction catheter 13 around, and more exactly be looped around part 13C on the suction catheter 13 around.In a kind of mode that is described in detail with reference to Figure 11 to 14, device 39 is carrying the member of widening member and being used for before tubular article is united by a seam its inboard turnup being come out.Device 39 can move axially on by the direction shown in the arrow f39 along the end 13C of suction catheter 13.For this reason, be provided with a sliding guide piece 41 and an actuator 43 here, control by the motion of 43 pairs of devices 39 of actuator.
Device 39 is shown specifically with the perspective view form in Figure 11 and 12, illustrates with the sectional elevation form in Figure 13, and illustrates with the upward view form in Figure 14.Figure 11 shows an annular component 45, and this annular component 45 has formed and installed a part of 39, and with suction catheter 13 on the coaxial setting of part 13C.Annular component 45 is supported with a plurality of radial push devices 47, and these radial push devices 47 have constituted and were used for before leading section is sewed up the member that the inboard turnup with tubular article comes out.The radial motion of each pusher 47 is controlled by a corresponding actuator 49, such as a small-sized cylinder body-piston actuator.Below annular component 45, device 39 has a sidewall 51, and this sidewall 51 has limited an internal suction chamber 53.Internal suction chamber 53 is connected on the suction channel by an opening 55, and the connecting portion of described suction channel and suction chamber 53 is identified as 57.
The inside of suction chamber 53 is provided with five sketch plates 59 in device 39, and they support by rotary main shaft 61.Each sketch plate 59 all carries a rod member 63 that is parallel to main shaft 61 itself a position that keeps at a certain distance away with respective support main shaft 61.The form of sketch plate 59 is configured to (especially referring to Figure 12, wherein for the purpose of clarity, the pusher 47 on it, their actuator 49 and annular component 45 removals will have been covered), first angular position at main shaft 61, they form one perpendicular to the continuous basically wall of suction catheter 13 axis, perhaps more exactly are perpendicular to the end 13C of suction catheter 13.The wall that is formed by sketch plate 59 has a centre bore 65, is used for the purpose that will understand hereinafter.
Sketch plate 59 is controlled in such a way, promptly they by means of each main shaft 61 around the swing of himself axis and open simultaneously.For this reason, be provided with such mechanism, this mechanism is shown in Figure 13 and 14, and include pinion 67, these pinions 67 are fixed on the bottom of each main shaft 61, and be meshed with a ring gear 69 that has internal tooth, the rotation of this ring gear 69 can cause pinion 67 that spontaneous rotations (spontaneousrotation) take place, and makes main shaft 61 spontaneous rotations thus.The rotation of band crown gear 69 realizes by means of a pinion 70 that is assemblied on the axle 72, and described axle 72 is driven around himself axis by means of a cylinder body-piston actuater 74 and is rotated.
Above device 39, and the end 13C of intimate and suction catheter 13 in line, is provided with a gripping member, and this gripping member totally is identified as 71, is used to grasp the tubular article that is about to be sewed up.Gripping member 71 comprises a pair of carriage 73 (especially referring to Fig. 1 to 3,5 and 6), and carriage 73 can relatively move, as four-headed arrow f73 illustrates mutual near and mutually away from (especially referring to Fig. 5 and 6).Motion on direction shown in the arrow f73 realizes by means of a pair of cylinder body-piston actuater, described cylinder body-piston actuater is connected on the carriage 73, and is carried on the structure of correspondingly moving along trunnion axis X and vertical axes Y (still especially referring to Fig. 5 and 6).As will finding out hereinafter, carriage 73 can be drawn close in opposite directions, so that be inserted into the inside of suction catheter 13, and grasps the terminating edge of tubular article, and subsequently with its tensioning, and it is mechanical that it is sent to stitching, carries out follow-up sew application.
The structure that carries the member 71 that is used to grasp tubular article is supported on a underframe 75, and this underframe 75 correspondingly is constrained on the fixed frame, such as the frame of knitting machine 3 originally on one's body.Underframe 75 is carrying a pair of roughly linearly bar 77 and 79.Bar 77 is fixed on the part of metal derby 81, and described metal derby can move on by the direction shown in the four-headed arrow f81 by means of cylinder body-piston actuater (not shown).By this way, bar 77 can away from near bar 79, on the contrary, bar 79 is maintained fixed with respect to underframe 75.
Below fixing linearity bar 79, be provided with a pectinate texture 83, this pectinate texture 83 is shown specifically separately in Figure 16.Have a large amount of tooth 85 on the pectinate texture 83, and be made up of two part 83A and 83B, pedestal in the middle of they are joined together and limit is used for cutting blade 87 for one and slides.Pectinate texture 83 can (especially referring to Fig. 6) move along the directions perpendicular to fixedly linearity bar 79 vertical extensions as four-headed arrow f83 illustrates.Along with pectinate texture 83 moves shown in arrow f83 like that, the blade 87 that cuts that is placed in pectinate texture 83 inside together moves with this pectinate texture 83.Described motion realizes by means of the cylinder body-piston actuater or the equivalent actuator that are designated 89 in Fig. 6.
As especially in Figure 16 as can be seen, cut blade 87 and have a plurality of grooving 87A, these groovings 87A tilts with respect to the cutting blade 87B of blade 87.In grooving 87A inside, be inserted with pin 83C, pin 83C is fixed on the part 83B on the pectinate texture 83.At the one end thereof place, blade 87 extends out and forms an additives 87C, wherein is formed with a grooving 87D perpendicular to the cutting blade 87B of blade itself.In described grooving 87D, be combined with a slide block 91, this slide block 91 can be parallel to cutting blade 87B by means of a cylinder body-piston actuater or equivalent actuator 93 and move.Actuator 93 is got up by base plate 75 carrying, as especially in Fig. 6 as can be seen.Because the existence of grooving 87D, cutting blade 87 can move on perpendicular to the direction of cutting blade 87B at one, along with being moved by the motion of the pectinate texture 83 shown in the four-headed arrow f83, continues to keep and actuator 93 mechanical connections.Actuator 93 carries out the work meeting to be caused along applying a thrust by the direction (Figure 16) shown in the arrow f87 on blade 87, blade 87 (because existence of pin 83C and inclination grooving 87A) thus will be carried out such motion, promptly component motion is parallel to vertical extension direction of pectinate texture 83, and the another one component motion is perpendicular to described vertical extension direction.As will be appreciated that later, the function of this motion is that the coil that row's suture that is inserted by pectinate texture 83 in it forms is cut, so that the leading section of tubular article is sewed up.
In seam area 37, also be provided with one and sew up machinery, this stitching machinery is identified as 95 generally, and separates at Fig. 7 and other mechanical component.For the purpose of clarity, in Fig. 1,2 and 3, omitted and sewed up machinery 95.This stitching machinery has a sewing needle 96 and a mouth that is used to suck suture 99.That Reference numeral 101 refers to is one so-called " crocheting device (crochet) ", should " crocheting device " can make suture promote and decline, is used for making that being sewn pin 96 by the next suture of bobbin feed grasps suitably.The shape of " the crocheting device " 101 that is provided is purely as example.For example, described " crocheting device " also can be rotation or swing type.Equally, the shape with the pin of its collaborative work also can be different.The structure of sewing up machinery 95 belongs to known one type of those of skill in the art in the art, therefore here will be described no longer in more detail.In a word, be described in more detail by the course of work of the performed sew application type of pin 96 with reference to equipment.
Sew up machinery 95 and can sew up motion by means of an actuator, this stitching campaign is represented by arrow f95 in Fig. 4, and described actuator is labelled by 97 in Fig. 4 generally.
On stitching machinery 95, be combined with a clamping components, be used for after the leading section sew application, fixing tubular article, so that the fabric portions in the seam outside is cut.Clamping components totally is identified as 103, and figure 4 illustrates its position with respect to other member in the equipment, and its structure is shown specifically with the perspective view form in Figure 15.
Clamping components 103 comprises a pair of bar 105, and they are in substantially parallel relationship to the direction of motion of sewing up machinery 95 and are in substantially parallel relationship to fixed bar 77 and movable rod 79.Supporting rod 105 can move perpendicular to himself extension direction along the direction shown in the four-headed arrow f105 among Figure 15.By this way, they can move in opposite directions and fix the residence and state article, perhaps mutually away from described article are discharged.Described motion realizes that by means of cylinder body-piston actuater (not shown) described cylinder body-piston actuater is placed in and is fixed in the structure of sewing up the clamping components 103 on the machinery 95.Because being fixed on, clamping components 103 sews up on the machinery 95, so when sewing up machinery when direction shown in the arrow f95 is carried out stitching and moved, clamping components 103 also can be sewed up mechanical integral type with this and move.This can make bar 105 with wait that sewing up tubular article aligns mutually.
At last, be fixed with a system sewing up on the machinery 95, be used for after utilizing blade 87 to finish to cut operation remaining yarn removal is identified as 107 on the described overall system, and figure 4 illustrates its position with respect to other member in the equipment.In Figure 42, show the structure of removal system 107 in a possibility embodiment with the perspective view form.Removal system 107 has one or more brush part 109, these brush parts 109 are rotated around an axis that is inserted in the vertical pivot in the vacuum noz(zle) 111, by vacuum noz(zle) 111, the leftover yarn that is separated from tubular article by brush 109 is inhaled into and is removed.
Hereinafter especially with reference to Figure 17 to 43 pair so far the course of work of the equipment of describing set forth.
Figure 17 shows the final step that utilizes the 7 knitting tubular article M of going out of the pin in the circular bed in the circular knitter 3.The knitting operation of tubular article originates in an edge B1, and this edge B1 is positioned at the bottom in Figure 17, and will keep opening wide in final finished product.When tubular article M was socks, described edge had constituted the elasticity stocking blank of socks.Last knitting step is the edge B2 that is shaped, and this edge B2 is designed to be about to be sewn, to form the stitching leading section or the undertoe portion of end article.
In forming process, tubular article M makes itself in the syringe 5 and the gap/space between the ways 15 of pin T, and being syringe 5 and described ways more exactly, stretches out between the part of coming with respect to the input end of suction catheter 13.In this step, get up along intermediate isolating device 19 closures that suction catheter 13 is provided with, and therefore jaw 21 and 22 grasps ways 15, keeps it to be positioned at the position of suction catheter 13 inside.Best, also grasp one of to major general's slide block group 31 and 32, these slide blocks are engaged on the ways simultaneously.That part of suction catheter between input end 13A and intermediate isolating device 19 keeps a negative pressure by a vacuum noz(zle) 14, and described vacuum noz(zle) 14 is provided with near intermediate isolating device 19 at the input side of suction catheter 13.Vacuum noz(zle) 14 is connected on a drawing fan or the similar device (not shown).
Can be pushed into its extended position by means of pressure-air in advance from the rod member 15C that ways 15 is extracted, described pressure-air infeeds by the jaw in the insulating element 19.At this extended position place, the head 15E of rod member 15C is positioned at the top on sketch plate 59 planes of living in, and described sketch plate 59 is opened, so that allow the head of itself to pass through.The closed rod member 15C that can cause takes place and keeps cooperating with head 15E above these sketch plates itself by the hole 65 between the sketch plate 59 in sketch plate 59.Therefore 15 inside lack pressure even this just means ways, and rod member 15C will remain on extended position, even when the jaw on the insulating element 19 is opened, rod member 15C will remain on extended position.In this structure, be fixed in rod member 63 on the sketch plate 59 facing to the axis of rod member 15C, and be placed in part at least in the pedestal that in described rod member 15C, is formed at below this rod member head 15E, so that for the reason that will understand hereinafter, reduce radially inhibition to rod member 63.
When tubular article M has utilized the circular bed of pin 7 in the circular knitter 3 to make, this tubular article M is unloaded from pin, and, be positioned at the position shown in Figure 18 until it because the suction function in the suction catheter 13 is sucked along suction catheter 13; That is to say until it and be resisted against on the intermediate isolating device 19.Article M is guided by ways 15 along moving of suction catheter 13, makes article M slide in the inwall of suction catheter 13 and free clearance between the ways 15 or space.In order to make article M pass the lateral surfaces that slide block 31 and 32 works, slide block 31 and 32 is closed in an alternating manner and open, thereby, in the process that article M passes through, one group of slide block is only arranged, 31 or 32, cooperate with ways 15.By this way, tubular article M can pass the zone that is provided with described slide block, and can arrive the position shown in Figure 18.
In order to make tubular article M arrive the output end 13B of suction catheter 13 in such a way, promptly it rests on the wall that is formed by the sketch plate 59 that is in position shown in Figure 19, intermediate isolating device 19 by jaw 21 and 22 mutually away from being opened.Can interrupt by the swabbing action of vacuum noz(zle) 14 this moment, provides swabbing action by aspirating air pipe on the contrary, and described aspirating air pipe is connected on the chamber 53 of movable fixture 39 inside by means of joint 57.A kind of swabbing action in back also can be enabled in previous step, that is to say in the step shown in Figure 18 and enables.
By this way, tubular article M arrives the position shown in Figure 19, and wherein, it rests on the wall that is formed by the sketch plate 59 that is in closure state.Equally in this case, the motion of tubular article M is guided by ways 15, and this moment, ways 15 extended to sketch plate 59.Slide block 33 is opened, so that allow article to pass through, wherein said slide block 33 before had been closed, and was used for the process support guide member 15 that the jaw on intermediate isolating device 19 is opened.Opening of slide block 33 can be in such a way carried out synchronously with the next closing motion of intermediate isolating device 19, and promptly ways 15 will be fixed on one of suction catheter 13 inside centre position substantially always suitably.Selectively, by cooperating with hole on the wall that is formed by sketch plate 59, can obtain the cross-brace to ways, be that part supports at least.
The effect of subsequent step is that tubular article M is extracted out from suction catheter 13, and its inboard turnup is come out, and to implement " locked in " operation, thus the terminating edge B2 on these article is united by a seam, and forms the leading section of sealing on it.
For this reason, (only expressed the end regions of suction catheter 13) in Figure 20 as can finding out, sketch plate 59 is subjected to displacement by means of rotary main shaft 61, so that make the rod member 63 that is fixed on this sketch plate 59 radially outward move.
Because sketch plate 59 and rod member 63 all are positioned at the top of output end 13B, and therefore be positioned at the outside of suction catheter 13, so the disengaging movement of rod member 63 can extend to such position, in this position, rod member 63 arrives the outer radial position (shown in Figure 20) outside the bar that an edge that is positioned at by suction catheter 13 forms.In this position, the fabric portions of the B1 that keeps to the side among the article M promptly is located substantially on the outside of the bar that is formed by suction catheter 13 by tensioning in such a way.
In case rod member 63 cooperates with tubular article M, the estable formula on the ways 15 stretches rod member 15C and will retract within the part 15B on the ways 15 so, reduces the pressure of the part 15B inboard of ways 15 thus.The retraction of rod member is by means of the realization that is used for of extension spring 15D.In Figure 20, shown rod member 15C is in its advanced position.
As arrow f39 was shown, by means of the downward vertical motion of device 39, rod member 63 arrived such position, and in this position, they laterally are arranged side by side in the outside with respect to the output end 13B of suction catheter 13.Tubular article still engages with rod member 63, and thus along with rod member 63 moves, and is wrapped in the outside of suction catheter 13 in the zone around the output end 13B of suction catheter 13.The descending motion of device 39 continues to rod member 63 and discharges from tubular article M (Figure 22) fully.
In order fully tubular article M to be extracted out from the inside of suction catheter 13, and by making tubular article M be nested with on the outer surface of suction catheter 13 its inboard turnup is come out, pusher 47 is compressed against tubular article M and goes up (Figure 23), and install 39 and further move down at this moment, as arrow f39 is shown (Figure 24).By this way, as arrow f39 was shown, further moving down of movable fixture 39 can cause tubular article M to be spurred along the outer surface of suction catheter 13, arrived the position shown in Figure 24 until device 39.In this position, tubular article M is positioned at the outside of suction catheter 13 fully.It also can be with respect to by the circular knitter 3 knitting structures that form inboard turnup being come out.Pusher 47 can separate once more, tubular article M is discharged, because the elasticity (the especially elasticity of start edge B1) of article itself, tubular article M still keeps position shown in Figure 25, and described article itself are grasped on the outer surface of suction catheter 13.If tubular article M ten minutes is long, can the repeating repeatedly of device 39 that has the pusher 47 that is in the close position so to down stroke, after pusher 47 is opened in advance, will install 39 at every turn and upwards return, in the upward stroke of device 39, upwards spur tubular article once more to prevent pusher 47.
As among Figure 24 as can be seen, suction catheter 13 has two slit 13D, these two slit 13D originate in output end 13B, promptly originate in the edge of suction catheter 13, and extend particular length along a direction that is parallel to the suction catheter axis.The effect of these slits is to make carriage 73 can grasp tubular article M, and makes its part skid off suction catheter 13, comes by the leading section sealing of sew application with article.But before implementing this operation, tubular article M may need to carry out angle orientation.
In fact, be used for the suture that the leading section to described article seals and have point-device orientation with respect to article itself, described article are a bag shape usually, that is to say the heel area that is used to form socks or stocking and the fabric portions in toe zone.Suture must have split hair position with respect to these bags portion on the fabric.In order suitably tubular article to be positioned before sew application, forming mark such as the coil of the yarn that is different from described article yarn by means of a small amount of color in knitting process on described article just is enough to realize.Thus obtained mark is surveyed by means of a photoelectric sensor (not shown), and described photoelectric sensor is positioned near the output end 13B of suction catheter 13.This moment, the proper angle orientation of tubular article M realized by make part 13C on the suction catheter 13 be rotated around himself axis by means of actuator 35.This rotation is to make described equipment arrive position shown in Figure 25 from position shown in Figure 24.In fact, the difference of two accompanying drawings only is, is formed at the position difference of the slit 13D the output end 13B of suction catheter 13 near.The difference of angle position has represented part 13C on the suction catheter 13 with respect to the rotation amount of the remainder of conduit itself in two accompanying drawings, and described rotation is used to make that tubular article arrives correct angle position.
In the step of described angle orientation, perhaps under any suitable situation, device 39 all can upwards return, and arrives the position shown in Figure 26 until it, pusher 47 remains on its advanced position, does not promptly come in contact with tubular article in the described process that moves upward.
Arrived the tip position shown in Figure 26 in case install 39, pusher will be closed once more so, near the 13B of the output end of suction catheter 13 tubular article M is pressed against on the outer surface of suction catheter 13.In case tubular article M is by on the outer surface that it is pressed against the part 13C on the suction catheter 13 and be joined together once more, part 13C can be rotated once more so, so that make slit 13D, that is to say to be positioned on the axis and plane that includes the part 13C on the suction catheter 13 perpendicular to plane shown in Figure 26 to the home position that arrives them.Part 13C on the suction catheter 13 can not cause tubular article M that angular movement takes place by means of described the rotatablely moving that actuator 35 obtains once more, tubular article M was pushed device 47 and was fixed up this moment, preferably was coated with a kind of material with great friction coefficient on the pusher 47.By this way, the part 13C on the suction catheter 13 is rotated with a kind of sliding type in tubular article M inside, promptly in the enterprising line slip of the inner surface of tubular article M.
In the structure shown in Figure 26, tubular article M is in the correct angle position of carrying out follow-up sew application, and therefore can be grasped by the carriage in the gripping member 71 73.The carriage of drawing close mutually 73 is used for such decline purpose, moves to suction catheter 13 inside until them, enters the position shown in Figure 27, shows a longitudinal profile of suction catheter 13 in Figure 27 along a plane perpendicular to plane shown in Figure 26.Carriage 73 is positioned on the plane of an axis A who includes the part 13C on the suction catheter 13 thus, also has slit 13D on this plane.By this way, as arrow f73 illustrated among Figure 27, the disengaging movement of carriage 73 can be with the edge B2 tensioning of tubular article M, and makes two flaps on this edge draw close mutually thus.The disengaging movement of carriage 73 and its lifter motion combination are carried out, and arrive their final positions shown in Figure 28 thus.In the final stage of carriage 73 lifter motions, pusher 47 can be used for tubular article M is fixed up, and thus it be carried out longitudinal stretching once more near suction catheter 13.
In this position, the edge B2 on the tubular article M stretches and tensioning in such a way by means of carriage 73, and promptly two flaps on this edge align mutually.Carriage 73 has arrived a vertical position, thereby makes their bottom be slightly higher than orthoscopic bar 77 and 79.Straight line pole 77 and 79 can be drawn close thus mutually, comes the correct position place on edge B2 to grasp tubular article M.This state schematically shows in Figure 29, and Figure 29 shows a longitudinal profile along a plane perpendicular to plane shown in Figure 28.Straight line pole 77 has been drawn close on fixed bar 79.In Figure 28, L1 and L2 have referred to two flaps on the edge B2, because the stretched operation that carries out of 73 couples of edge B2 of carriage in the gripping member 71, two flap L1 and L2 draw close mutually.Described article can move down slightly and stretched by means of the device 39 that has pusher 47.
Figure 29 A is a schematic enlarged drawing, shows to see that the fabric flap L1 and the L2 that form the tubular article edge are about to be able to enclosed areas.As finding out in the schematic cross section of fabric, described fabric has a series of coil column X2 that are positioned at bar 77 and 79 tops, and the part in these coil columns is utilized and a kind ofly made than the yarn that yarn is thick in other coil column.Described thick coil column has formed the bigger fabric portions of thickness, and it rests on the bar 77,79 that is arranged side by side.Bar 77,79 need not to be pressed against on the fabric, on the contrary, can allow suitably to be free to slide, so that by cross directional stretch.Clamping action along the longitudinal utilizes this fact to be guaranteed, promptly utilizes than partly resting on the bar 77,79 than heavy weave that coarse yarn obtains, describedly is identified as FG than the heavy weave part in Figure 29 A.The part of being made up of coil column X2 on the tubular article will be removed in follow-up cutting in the operation, therefore compare with the yarn that tubular article M goes up in the remainder, and described part utilizes second-rate yarn to make usually.
In the sew application process, can be kept upright by means of being engaged in the swabbing action of sewing up the vacuum noz(zle) on the machinery 95 by the edge that coil column X2 forms by one, wherein said vacuum noz(zle) is identified as 102 generally in Figure 33 and 34.
By along moving by direction shown in the arrow f83, pectinate texture 83 is pushed to tubular article M at this moment, tooth 85 on pectinate texture 83 is inserted into by that row's coil column facing to pectinate texture 83, that is to say the stitching coil or the coil inside of that row's coil column that is located immediately at straight line pole 77 and 79 belows.As can in Figure 29 A, finding out, the coil of described coil column (being designated X1), its length is greater than the length of all the other coils in the described article, so that can make the tooth 85 on the pectinate texture 83 insert easily.
Pectinate texture 83 is along being controlled (referring to Fig. 6) by moving of direction shown in the arrow f83 by aforementioned actuator 89, and for the sake of clarity do not give in Figure 29 and illustrating.Straight line pole 77 and 79 closing motion and the motion of pectinate texture 83 subsequently illustrate in Figure 30 to 32 successively, and Figure 30 to 32 shows aforementioned movement with the diagrammatic plan view form.
In case the tooth 85 on the pectinate texture 83 has inserted each coil that is formed by each coil column among the tubular article M, so movably straight line pole 77 will bounce back, so that the member of sewing up machinery 95 can be inserted, described member is implemented sew application along the coil of the coil column that has been inserted coil column below wherein by the tooth on the pectinate texture 83 85.Sew application schematically shows in Figure 33.
Figure 33 shows pin 96, mouth 99 and the crocheting device of sewing up in the machinery 95 101.Can also see pectinate texture 83, the respective coil row that this pectinate texture 83 is inserted on the tubular article M are inner.In Figure 34, show seam area with the amplification form.In Figure 34, can also know and see that how pectinate texture 83 and corresponding tooth 85 form (two part 83A illustrate separately with the perspective view form with 83B) by two part 83A and 83B in Figure 16, they are joined together, and blade 87 is set between them, in this structure, described blade is in an advanced position, that is to say the position that is positioned at the rear with respect to tooth 85.
Figure 35 illustrates the motion state of sewing up member in the machinery, and the motion state of pin 96 and crocheting device 101 especially, crocheting device 101 is used for feed suture F.In this exemplary embodiment, pin 96 is so-called piston type pins (piston needle), promptly a kind of pin that has an open and close member 96A.Such pin itself is that the present technique field is at present known, especially learns in the existing patent that can be quoted in this specification Introductory part.But, also can use the pin and/or the crocheting device of other type.Such as, can use latch needles or eye needle guide.The order of sew application can be known in Figure 35 and find out, and itself be known for the purposes of other types; Therefore, here need not to be described in detail.
But, it is pointed out that by sewing up pitch on the seam that machinery 95 and pin 96 make, promptly less than pitch by the coil of coil column X1 less than the pitch of pitch on the pectinate texture 83 and the tooth 85 on it.Especially, can be susceptible to pitch on the seam equal by the pitch of the coil of coil column X1 half or 1/3rd, and therefore equal tooth 85 on the pectinate texture 83 pitch half or 1/3rd.
Figure 36,37 and 38 shows the subsequent step that the coil to coil column X2 cuts, and wherein the tooth 85 on the pectinate texture 83 has been inserted in the described coil.Implement this cut operation before, flap L1 and L2 on the tubular article M are grasped and are fixed by the supporting rod in the clamping components 103 105, this moment, tubular article M linked together by seam, described seam is designated C in Figure 36 to 38, clamping components 103 is carried on the stitching machinery 95 that seam C made.Even this just makes cutting after operation finished, also can fix tubular article M.Cut operation and realize, so that it is moved to position shown in Figure 37 from position shown in Figure 36 by moving the blade 87 that is placed in the pectinate texture 83.Because this motion, blade 87 can be cut off by all coils of coil column X2, and wherein the tooth 85 on the pectinate texture 83 is inserted into described coil inside in advance.
At this moment, pectinate texture 83 can arrive position shown in Figure 38, and tubular article M be fixed by supporting rod 105 away from described article, and described supporting rod 105 is provided with and draws close together mutually in advance for this reason.Seam C top cuts the residue of yarn and is removed by removal system 107, and removal system 107 is represented by a brush that in Figure 39 this brush has a horizontal axis that is parallel to bar 105, but in fact it can have structure shown in Figure 40.Enlarged diagram among Figure 41 shows the mechanism of action of brush 109, has a vertical axis in this case, is used to remove residual yarn, is identified as FR in the enlarged diagram of residual yarn in Figure 41.
In case described sew application, cut operation and residual yarn and remove operation and finish, so article M by turning inside-out once more with after presenting its final structure, these article M can be taken off from equipment, and described final structure is corresponding to the article of being made by circular knitter 3.For this reason, with respect to before by means of the action of the motion of device 39 and slide block 47 with the operation that the inboard turnup of article comes out, carry out reverse operating.In such a way to the inside of suction catheter 13 apply negative pressure by a vacuum noz(zle) 16 (Figure 43) this moment, and promptly its leading section is sucked by mouth 16 by the article that seam C is closed, and is removed from equipment.
Around hinge axes 17, be convenient to remove operation by the part 15B on the ways 15 with respect to the motion of part 15A, thereby make the part 15B on the ways be resisted against on the inwall of suction catheter 13 in an other side with respect to the side that is provided with vacuum noz(zle) 16, the passage of leaving over next broad transmits towards vacuum noz(zle) 16 for the tubular article M that sews up.
In case aforementioned operation is finished, equipment will be returned to structure shown in Figure 17 so, be used for next tubular article M is sewed up, and meanwhile, next tubular article M has begun the shaping on circular knitter 3.
Need should be appreciated that accompanying drawing only shows a possibility embodiment of the present invention, this possibility embodiment is used to provide an example of described invention purely, and therefore under the condition of the scope that does not break away from basic design, embodiment and allocation plan can change.The Reference numeral that may exist in claims is that the description and the accompanying drawing of front for ease of reference read it, and never in any form the protection domain that limits is in the claims produced restriction.
1. one kind is used for grasping tubular knitted article and being used for the equipment that the leading section to described article seals from the syringe of circular knitter, and this equipment comprises and is used for the device that the described leading section to tubular article seals, and it is characterized in that comprising:
A suction catheter, this suction catheter extends to an output end from an input end, described input portion is positioned at tubular article from the zone that circular knitter grasps, and described output portion is positioned at the zone that the leading section of described article is sewed up; With
A ways, be used for tubular article is guided, this ways extends in the inside of described suction catheter, and extend to the outside of suction catheter from the input end side, so that be inserted into the inside of syringe in the described circular knitter, between the inwall of this ways and suction catheter, form a space for the tubular article transmission.
2. equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be combined with a system on the output end of suction catheter, be used for tubular article is extracted out and is used for the turning inside-out of the described tubular article outside to suction catheter from suction catheter.
3. equipment according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described suction catheter is divided into two continuous parts in inside by an openable intermediate isolating device.
4. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described equipment, it is characterized in that: be combined with the device that is used at this suction catheter inner support ways on described suction catheter, described supporting member can make tubular article pass through in the inwall of suction catheter and the space between its inner ways.
5. equipment according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described bracing or strutting arrangement comprises transverse slider, these transverse sliders are carried by suction catheter, and can move, be used for cooperating and be used for alternately breaking away from described ways with ways in described suction catheter inside.
6. according to claim 4 or 5 described equipment, it is characterized in that: described bracing or strutting arrangement is set at three zones that are provided with at interval along suction catheter.
7. according to claim 3 or 6 described equipment, it is characterized in that: in two suction catheter parts that are set between input end and the intermediate isolating device in the described zone, and another one is set in the suction catheter part of exporting between end and the intermediate isolating device.
8. according to the described equipment of aforementioned one or more claim, it is characterized in that: described ways has one can be towards the part of the output end stretch of suction catheter.
9. equipment according to claim 8 is characterized in that: described extensible portion has single effect pneumatic control formula intussusception extending apparatus.
10. according to claim 3 and 9 described equipment, it is characterized in that: described intermediate isolating device is bonded on the inlet channel, is used to control the telescopiform stretching, extension of described ways.
11. according to the described equipment of aforementioned one or more claim, it is characterized in that: described ways is made up of two parts, these two parts are hinged around the axis perpendicular to the suction catheter axis.
12. equipment according to claim 12 at least is characterized in that: described being used for comprises tubular article from the system that suction catheter is extracted out:
Widen member, be used at the start edge place of tubular article this tubular article being widened, this member can make the start edge of tubular article widen to the external diameter of suction catheter; With
Be used for member on this suction catheter outside is translated in the inboard of tubular article outside the inside of suction catheter.
13. equipment according to claim 12 at least, it is characterized in that: the described member of widening comprises a plurality of rod members, these rod members are in substantially parallel relationship to the axis of suction catheter, and can near and move away from the axis of suction catheter, so that arrive a position and the position that is positioned at the suction catheter diameter outside near the suction catheter axis, described rod member can move axially along the outside of suction catheter.
14. equipment according to claim 13 is characterized in that: described rod member all is carried on the plate that is approximately perpendicular to the suction catheter axis; When rod member was in the position of close suction catheter axis, described plate formed one to wall, is used to detain the tubular article in described suction catheter delivered inside.
15. equipment according to claim 14, it is characterized in that: each described plate all is carried on the rotary main shaft, this rotary main shaft is roughly parallel to the axis of suction catheter, and be roughly parallel to described rod member, the rotation of described main shaft can cause rod member with respect to the axis of described suction catheter produce near and away from motion.
16. according to claim 14 or 15 described equipment, it is characterized in that: by what described plate formed wall is had a centre bore that aligns with ways when described rod member is in the position of a close suction catheter axis, the end of described ways self is inserted in the described hole.
17. according to one or more described equipment in the claim 12 to 16, it is characterized in that: described ways has a side direction pedestal that is used for for described rod member insertion.
18. according to one or more described equipment in the claim 12 to 17, it is characterized in that: described being used for comprises the radial push device with the member that the inboard turnup of tubular article comes out, these radial push devices move with respect to described suction catheter is radial and axial, and be positioned at the outside of described suction catheter, so that be pressed against on the outer surface of suction catheter, and described tubular article is spurred along this outer surface.
19., it is characterized in that: be combined with an aspirating air pipe on the member described widening, be used for the tubular article suction is leaned against the described member of widening according to one or more described equipment in the claim 12 to 18.
20. according to one or more described equipment in the claim 12 to 19, it is characterized in that: described member and the described member that is used for the inboard turnup of tubular article is come out widened is by a device carrying, and described device can move axially along suction catheter.
21. according to claim 19 and 20 described equipment, it is characterized in that: described aspirating air pipe is connected on the suction chamber that is formed in the described device.
22. according to the described equipment of aforementioned one or more claim, it is characterized in that: described suction catheter comprises an end member, this end member can have angular movement around himself axis with respect to the remainder of suction catheter, an actuator, this actuator are used for described end member is controlled around himself rotatablely moving of axis.
23. according to the described equipment of aforementioned one or more claim, it is characterized in that: at the place, output end of suction catheter self, this suction catheter has slit, is used for passing through for the member that the terminating edge of described article is grasped.
24. equipment according to claim 23, it is characterized in that: described gripping member has two carriages, these two carriages can draw close in opposite directions and mutually away from, so that the terminating edge of tubular article be in two roughly the diametrically contraposition position cooperate with tubular article, and described terminating edge is stretched, and described carriage can move axially with respect to described suction catheter.
25., it is characterized in that: comprise a member that is used for after leading section is sewed up, clamping described tubular article, so that the fabric portions outside the seam of making is thus cut according to the described equipment of aforementioned one or more claim.
26. equipment according to claim 3 at least, it is characterized in that: on described suction catheter, be combined with one first air entry, this first air entry is between the input end of intermediate isolating device and described suction catheter, with one second air entry, this second air entry is between output end and intermediate isolating device, after the leading section of described article is sewed up, described article are removed by described second air entry.
27. equipment according to claim 3 at least is characterized in that: described intermediate isolating device is made up of a pair of jaw, and this cooperates with described ways in suction catheter inside jaw.
28. equipment according to claim 8 at least is characterized in that: described extensible portion is coupled in the system at the free end place of himself, and this system is used for the output end of suction catheter is sealed.
29. according to claim 14 and 28 described equipment, it is characterized in that: described closed system is made of the plate of the described rod member of carrying, and described plate limits a hole that is used to cooperate the free end of described extending part under their closure state.
Priority Applications (2)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|IT2001FI000038A ITFI20010038A1 (en)||2001-03-08||2001-03-08||Device for taking a tubular knitted product from a knitting machine and for sewing the tip|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN1494612A true CN1494612A (en)||2004-05-05|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CNA028058917A CN1494612A (en)||2001-03-08||2002-03-04||Device for picking up tubular knitted article from kintting machine and for sewing toe|
Country Status (11)
|US (1)||US20040154341A1 (en)|
|EP (1)||EP1368518A1 (en)|
|JP (1)||JP2004522005A (en)|
|KR (1)||KR20030088036A (en)|
|CN (1)||CN1494612A (en)|
|CA (1)||CA2439206A1 (en)|
|CZ (1)||CZ20032424A3 (en)|
|IT (1)||ITFI20010038A1 (en)|
|MX (1)||MXPA03007642A (en)|
|RU (1)||RU2003129801A (en)|
|WO (1)||WO2002070801A1 (en)|
Cited By (2)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN101501259B (en) *||2006-05-22||2013-01-23||N.T.A.有限公司||System and method for knitting tubular knitted product and stitching the joint of the knitted product|
|CN104499175A (en) *||2013-08-27||2015-04-08||徐心亿||Modified hosiery knitter|
Families Citing this family (15)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|ITFI20020199A1 (en)||2002-10-21||2004-04-22||Fabritex Srl||Method and apparatus for joining the edges of a tubular knitted fabric|
|EP1460165A1 (en) *||2003-03-16||2004-09-22||MATEC S.p.A.||Apparatus to manufacture garments starting from tubular knitted textiles and method thus obtained|
|EP1735491A1 (en) *||2004-04-16||2006-12-27||Golden Lady Company S.P.A.||Machine for handling tubular knitted articles, such as socks or the like|
|ITFI20040090A1 (en)||2004-04-16||2004-07-16||Golden Lady Spa||Method and device for manipulating a tubular knitted product, in particular a sock|
|ITFI20040259A1 (en)||2004-12-10||2005-03-10||Golden Lady Co Spa||Device and method for handling tubular knitted articles such as socks or the like to perform the toe seam|
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- 2002-03-04 CA CA002439206A patent/CA2439206A1/en not_active Abandoned
- 2002-03-04 JP JP2002569500A patent/JP2004522005A/en active Pending
- 2002-03-04 MX MXPA03007642A patent/MXPA03007642A/en unknown
- 2002-03-04 WO PCT/IT2002/000129 patent/WO2002070801A1/en not_active Application Discontinuation
- 2002-03-04 CN CNA028058917A patent/CN1494612A/en not_active Application Discontinuation
- 2002-03-04 US US10/471,186 patent/US20040154341A1/en not_active Abandoned
- 2002-03-04 EP EP02717033A patent/EP1368518A1/en not_active Withdrawn
- 2002-03-04 KR KR10-2003-7011693A patent/KR20030088036A/en not_active Application Discontinuation
- 2002-03-04 RU RU2003129801/12A patent/RU2003129801A/en unknown
- 2002-03-04 CZ CZ20032424A patent/CZ20032424A3/en unknown
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|CN101501259B (en) *||2006-05-22||2013-01-23||N.T.A.有限公司||System and method for knitting tubular knitted product and stitching the joint of the knitted product|
|CN104499175A (en) *||2013-08-27||2015-04-08||徐心亿||Modified hosiery knitter|
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|C02||Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)|
|WD01||Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication|